Simple Harmonic Motion II


 Brendan Boyd
 11 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Simple Harmonic Motion II Objectives In this lab you will investigate the relationship between the kinetic energy and elastic potential energy of a mass attached to a Hooke s law spring in simple harmonic motion. test the Law of Mechanical Energy Conservation. measure the position, velocity, kinetic energy, potential energy, and total mechanical energy using the Vernier Motion detector. plot your data and analyze it using the Vernier Logger Pro software. Equipment Vernier Motion Detector, Vernier LabPro system (includes computer and Logger Pro ), support bracket (clamped to a small stand), a set of slotted masses, mass hanger, tape, string, rubber bands, and a meterstick. Theory Suppose an object of mass m is attached to a vertical Hooke s law spring of constant k. The mass hangs from the spring at rest after stretching it a distance x. At this point the spring force (given by Hooke s law kx) exactly matches the weight mg (see Figure 1). stretch x kx Figure 1 As m is varied, the spring force kx increases. If we set y = mg then we expect our data to follow a straight line of the form y = kx where k represents the slope of the line. Now displace the mass by a small amount and release it will execute simple harmonic motion (SHM) with a total mechanical energy E given by mg Equation 1 In the absence of friction, E is conserved (Law of Mechanical Energy Conservation). Page 1 of 7
2 SetUp and Procedure I. Measuring the Spring Constant 1) Refer to lab Simple Harmonic Motion I, Spring Data and Analysis Steps 1 and 2. Place only a 50gram slotted mass on the hanger and secure it with a rubber band (making a total mass of kg). 2) Open the experiment file 17b Energy in SHM. Logger Pro is now set up to plot the applied weight vs. position. Click the Collect button to begin data collection. Let the mass to hang motionless. Click on the KEEP button and enter 0.98, the weight of the mass in newtons (N). Press ENTER to complete the entry. 3) Repeat Step 2 with 150, 250, 350 grams on the hanger (making total masses of kg, kg, and kg, respectively). Record the stretch distance d in meters and enter the weights mg in newtons. When you are done, click STOP to end data collection. 4) Click the LINEAR FIT button to fit a straight line to your data. The absolute value of the slope equals the spring constant k in N/m (see Graph 1). Record this value in the first question of the data sheet. Note: If any of your graphs are too noisy (especially your velocity graphs), click the Data Collection button and enter a collection rate of 30 (per second) instead of 50. II. Measuring Kinetic and Potential Energies 1) Open Experiment file 17c Energy in SHM. In addition to plotting position and velocity, three new data columns will appear (kinetic energy, elastic potential energy, and the total mechanical energy). Select Column Options/Kinetic Energy from the Data menu and click on the Column Definition tab. Make sure that the mass is set to 0.20 kg, then click DONE. Now change the spring constant to your value (from Step 3 above) in the potential energy column. 2) Place 150 grams of mass on the hanger, making a total 200 grams including the mass of the hanger. When the spring/mass system becomes motionless, click the ZERO button to calibrate the motion detector. From now on, all distances will be measured relative to this position. Note that the position will be reported negative whenever the mass moves toward the detector. 3) Tape your meterstick to the lab table close to the spring/mass system (see Photo 3 in lab Simple Harmonic Motion I). 4) Displace the mass about 5 cm upward, then release in order to set up SHM. Click Collect to gather position, velocity, and energy data. If your position graph does not resemble Graph 2 (e.g. it is not symmetric about the time axis), repeat Steps 1 and 2 above to recalibrate the system. If your problem persists, ask your instructor for help. Print a symmetric PositionTime and VelocityTime graph (use the Print Graph command). Page 2 of 7
3 5) Now click on the title of the first graph (on the y axis  Position) and select Kinetic Energy. Click on the title of the second graph (on the y axis  Velocity) and select Potential Energy. You should see a display similar to Graph 2. You may have to adjust the scales of the axes in each graph in order to best view the data. Use the X button to answer Questions 26 on your data sheet. 6) Click on the title of the first graph and choose Position (or Velocity). Click on the title of the second graph and choose Potential (or Kinetic) Energy. You should see a PositionTime plot and a Potential EnergyTime plot (or VelocityTime and Kinetic EnergyTime) as displayed in Graph 3. Answer questions 7 and 8 on your data sheet. 7) Click on the title of the first graph and choose Position. Click on the second graph then choose Option from the toolbar. Pick Graph Option and click on Axis Option. Check Potential, Kinetic and Total Energies. Now you should have all 3 energies on the second graph (see Graph 4). Print these two graphs and answer question 9 on your data sheet using the Print Graph command. Each student is required to submit a completed data sheet in order to receive full credit. Your lab group needs to submit only one copy of each graph. These copies are to be stapled to the data sheet of one of your lab partners  Each lab partner does not need to submit his/her own graphs. Graph 1 Page 3 of 7
4 Graph 2 Page 4 of 7
5 Graph 3 Page 5 of 7
6 Graph 4 Page 6 of 7
7 Data Sheet  Simple Harmonic Motion II Name Partners Names Date 1) Record the absolute value of the slope of ForcePosition graph: This is the spring constant k. 2) What is the maximum kinetic energy? What is the minimum kinetic energy? 3) What is the maximum potential energy? What is the minimum potential energy? 4) Why are the kinetic and potential energies always positive even when the displacement and velocity are negative? (Hint: Consider Equation 1.) 5) Select one of the peaks in the kinetic energy graph. Now go to the potential energy graph and find the energy at the same time value. Is the potential energy at its maximum or minimum? 6) Select one of the peaks in the potential energy graph. Now go to the kinetic energy graph and find the energy at the same time value. Is the kinetic energy at its maximum or minimum? 7) Select one of the peaks in the potential energy graph. Now go to the position graph and record the displacement at the same time value:. Select the next peak in the potential energy graph. Now go to the position graph and record the displacement at the same time value:. Are these two values the maximum displacements of the object from its equilibrium position (i.e. x = ±A, where A is the amplitude)? (Yes/No) Are these two values equal to the equilibrium position (i.e. x = 0? (Yes/No) 8) Select one of the peaks in the kinetic energy graph. Now go to the velocity graph and record the velocity at the same time value:. Select the next peak in the kinetic energy graph. Now go to the velocity graph and record the velocity at the same time value:. Do these two values correspond to the object s greatest speeds? (Yes/No) 9) From the total energy can you say that the sum of kinetic and potential energies was constant at all times? (Yes/No) When you study Equation 1, do you expect to get a flat line for your total energy graph? (Yes/No) Page 7 of 7
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion Computer 17 We can describe an oscillating mass in terms of its position, velocity, and acceleration as a function of time. We can also describe the system from an energy
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Objectives Static and Kinetic Friction In this lab you will Equipment investigate how friction varies with the applied force. measure the coefficients of static and kinetic friction. learn how to use the
More informationLab 05: Work and Energy
OBJECTIVE Lab 05: Work and Energy In this experiment you will be verifying the relationship between the work done by a conservative force on an object and the change in its total mechanical energy. This
More informationOscillations of a Spring and Ball. Purpose: Verify five laws of physics in five seconds of data collection.
Name... Oscillations of a Spring and Ball Purpose: Verify five laws of physics in five seconds of data collection. Apparatus: Vernier force sensor, Vernier motion sensor, Logger Pro, spring and pool ball
More informationActivity P14: Simple Harmonic Motion  Mass on a Spring (Force Sensor, Motion Sensor)
Activity P14: Simple Harmonic Motion  Mass on a Spring (Force Sensor, Motion Sensor) Concept DataStudio ScienceWorkshop (Mac) ScienceWorkshop (Win) Harmonic motion P14 SHM.DS P19 SHM Mass on a Spring
More informationExperiment P19: Simple Harmonic Motion  Mass on a Spring (Force Sensor, Motion Sensor)
PASCO scientific Physics Lab Manual: P191 Science Workshop S. H. M. Mass on a Spring Experiment P19: Simple Harmonic Motion  Mass on a Spring (Force Sensor, Motion Sensor) Concept Time SW Interface Macintosh
More informationHooke s Law and Simple Harmonic Motion
Hooke s Law and Simple Harmonic Motion OBJECTIVE to measure the spring constant of the springs using Hooke s Law to explore the static properties of springy objects and springs, connected in series and
More informationPhysics 211R: The Work  Kinetic Energy Theorem
Physics 11R: The Work  Kinetic Energy Theorem Reading Assignment: Chapter 7, Sections 8 Introduction: F/A18E/F Super Hornet U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate 3rd Class John Sullivan http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/images/imagecv16.html
More informationNewton s Second Law. Evaluation copy
Newton s Second Law Experiment 4 INTRODUCTION In your discussion of Newton s first law, you learned that when the sum of the forces acting on an object is zero, its velocity does not change. However, when
More informationPHYS 2425 Engineering Physics I EXPERIMENT 9 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION
PHYS 2425 Engineering Physics I EXPERIMENT 9 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION I. INTRODUCTION The objective of this experiment is the study of oscillatory motion. In particular the springmass system and the simple
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion. Introduction to
Introduction to Contents Part I: Objective Part II: Introduction Interpreting Graphs Part III: Apparatus and Setup Apparatus Force Probe Motion Sensor Part IV: Determining the Period Expectation Collecting
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Static and Kinetic Friction Experiment 12a In this experiment, you will use a Force Sensor to study static and kinetic on a wooden block. A Motion Detector will also be used to analyze the kinetic acting
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion Experimental Objective The objective of this experiment is to study two important examples of a linear restoring force, the simple pendulum and the vibrating spring. We will determine
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion Simple harmonic motion is one of the most common motions found in nature and can be observed from the microscopic vibration of atoms in a solid to rocking of a supertanker on the
More informationLab 6: Force, Mass and Acceleration
Lab 6: Force, Mass and Acceleration Objectives: To study Newton's Second Law, F = ma, with a constant net force To study Newton s Second Law with constant mass Equipments: computerbased laboratory system
More informationPRELAB FOR CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
Name: Conservation of Energy, p. 1/13 PRELAB FOR CONSERVATION OF ENERGY Directions: Read over the lab and answer the following questions. 1. How is gravitational potential energy defined in this lab?.
More informationExperiment: Static and Kinetic Friction
PHY 211: General Physics I Lab page 1 of 6 PCCCascade OBJECTIVES Experiment: Static and Kinetic Friction Use a Force Sensor to measure the force of static friction. Determine the relationship between
More informationPHYS 130 Laboratory Experiment 11 Hooke s Law & Simple Harmonic Motion
PHYS 130 Laboratory Experiment 11 Hooke s Law & Simple Harmonic Motion NAME: DATE: SECTION: PARTNERS: OBJECTIVES 1. Verify Hooke s Law and use it to measure the force constant of a spring. 2. Investigate
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Static and Kinetic Friction Experiment 12 If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult to get the box moving. Static friction is the force that is counters your force
More informationConservation of Energy
Conservation of Energy APPARATUS Shown in the diagram and picture below (both with a topdown view): Air track, springs and bracket, thread, glider Smart pulley and mount Dumb pulley (on the same mount)
More informationExperiment: Static and Kinetic Friction
PHY 201: General Physics I Lab page 1 of 6 OBJECTIVES Experiment: Static and Kinetic Friction Use a Force Sensor to measure the force of static friction. Determine the relationship between force of static
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Static and Kinetic Friction Computer 12 If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult to get the box moving. Static friction is the force that is counters your force on
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion Computer 15 Lots of things vibrate or oscillate. A vibrating tuning fork, a moving child s playground swing, and the loudspeaker in a radio are all examples of physical vibrations.
More informationL04 The WorkKinetic Energy Theorem 1. PreLab Exercises. 1) Describe the WorkKinetic Energy Theorem in words and summarize with an equation.
L04 The WorkKinetic Energy Theorem 1 Full Name: Lab Section: PreLab Exercises Hand this in at the beginning of the lab period. The grade for these exercises will be included in your lab grade this week.
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion 9M Object: Apparatus: To determine the force constant of a spring and then study the harmonic motion of that spring when it is loaded with a mass m. Force sensor, motion sensor,
More informationHooke s Law. by Dr. James E. Parks
by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 Nielsen Physics Building The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 379961200 Copyright June, 2000 by James Edgar Parks* *All rights
More informationPHYS 202 Laboratory #4. Activity 1: Thinking about Oscillating Systems
SHM Lab 1 Introduction PHYS 202 Laboratory #4 Oscillations and Simple Harmonic Motion In this laboratory, we examine three simple oscillatory systems: a mass on a spring, a pendulum, and a mass on a rubber
More informationPrelab Exercises: Hooke's Law and the Behavior of Springs
59 Prelab Exercises: Hooke's Law and the Behavior of Springs Study the description of the experiment that follows and answer the following questions.. (3 marks) Explain why a mass suspended vertically
More informationImpulse and Momentum. Evaluation copy. elastic cord
Impulse and Momentum Computer 9 The impulsemomentum theorem relates impulse, the average force applied to an object times the length of time the force is applied, and the change in momentum of the object:
More informationHooke s Law. by Dr. James E. Parks
Hooke s Law by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 Nielsen Physics Building The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 379961200 Copyright June, 2000 by James Edgar Parks*
More informationPRELAB: FORCES AND MOTION
Name: Forces and Motion, p. 1/11 PRELAB: FORCES AND MOTION 1. What is the purpose of the rubber bands in Activity 11? 2. What is the difference between a linear relationship and a proportional one? 3.
More informationImpulse and Momentum
Computer 9 The impulsemomentum theorem relates impulse, the average force applied to an object times the length of time the force is applied, and the change in momentum of the object: Here we will only
More informationWhat happens if one pulls on the spring? The spring exerts a restoring force which is proportional to the distance it is stretched, F =  k x (1)
Physics 244 Harmonic Motion Introduction In this lab you will observe simple harmonic motion qualitatively in the laboratory and use a program run in Excel to find the mathematical description of the motion
More informationWEEK 4: FORCE AND MOTION
Name Date Partners WEEK 4: FORCE AND MOTION OBJECTIVES To develop a method for measuring forces reliably. To learn how to use a force probe to measure force. To explore how the motion of an object is related
More informationUNIT 5 SESSION 1: FORCE AND MOTION
Name Date Partners UNIT 5 SESSION 1: FORCE AND MOTION A vulgar Mechanik can practice what he has been taught or seen done, but if he is in an error he knows not how to find it out and correct it, and if
More informationPurpose of the experiment
Work and Energy Theorem PES 116 Advanced Physics Lab I Purpose of the experiment What is Work and how is it related to energy? Learn about different forms of energy. Learn how to use the Conservation of
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion Name: Group Members: Date: TA s Name: Learning Objectives: 1. Use Hooke s law to find a spring constant 2. Understand positiontime and velocitytime graphs for a simple harmonic
More informationCOEFFICIENT OF KINETIC FRICTION
COEFFICIENT OF KINETIC FRICTION LAB MECH 5.COMP From Physics with Computers, Vernier Software & Technology, 2000. INTRODUCTION If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult
More informationTHE SPRING CONSTANT DETERMINATION
EXPERIMENT 6 THE SPRING CONSTANT DETERMINATION Purpose: One of the goals of science is the development of physical and mathematical models to describe physical systems by using observational and experimental
More informationImpulse and Momentum
Impulse and Momentum Experiment 8 The impulsemomentum theorem relates impulse, the average force applied to an object times the length of time the force is applied, and the change in momentum of the object:
More informationSTATIC AND KINETIC FRICTION
STATIC AND KINETIC FRICTION LAB MECH 3.COMP From Physics with Computers, Vernier Software & Technology, 2000. INTRODUCTION If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult
More informationForce. Net Force Mass. Acceleration = Section 1: Weight. Equipment Needed Qty Equipment Needed Qty Force Sensor 1 Mass and Hanger Set 1 Balance 1
Department of Physics and Geology Background orce Physical Science 1421 A force is a vector quantity capable of producing motion or a change in motion. In the SI unit system, the unit of force is the Newton
More informationSIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION  WebAssign
Name: Period: Due Date: Lab Partners: SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION  WebAssign Purpose: To investigate the factors affecting the Simple Harmonic Motion of a hanging mass on a spring. Explore static and dynamic
More informationHOOKE S LAW AND OSCILLATIONS
9 HOOKE S LAW AND OSCILLATIONS OBJECTIVE To measure the effect of amplitude, mass, and spring constant on the period of a springmass oscillator. INTRODUCTION The force which restores a spring to its equilibrium
More informationWhat is the Relationship between Work and Energy?
What is the Relationship between Equipment: PC with DataStudio Dynamics Track Collision Cart High Resolution Force Sensor Pulley w/ photogate Mass Hanger Set & String PowerLink or 2 USB Links Digital Adapter
More information1 One Dimensional Horizontal Motion Position vs. time Velocity vs. time
PHY132 Experiment 1 One Dimensional Horizontal Motion Position vs. time Velocity vs. time One of the most effective methods of describing motion is to plot graphs of distance, velocity, and acceleration
More informationName: Lab Partner: Section:
Chapter 6 Energy Name: Lab Partner: Section: 6.1 Purpose In this experiment, energy and work will be explored. The relationship between total energy, kinetic energy and potential energy will be observed.
More informationSprings and Hooke's Law
1 Springs and Hooke's Law Introduction: The elastic properties of matter are involved in many physical phenomena. When matter is deformed (compressed, twisted, stretched, et cetera) and the deforming forces
More informationPhysics 200 Lab 5: Force and Motion... equal forces shall effect an equal change in equal bodies...  Newton
Physics 200 Lab 5: Force and Motion... equal forces shall effect an equal change in equal bodies...  Newton Objectives  To develop a method for measuring forces reliably.  To explore how the motion
More informationPhysics 1020 Experiment 3. Acceleration of Falling Objects
1 2 Part I: Introduction In this experiment you will study the motion of a falling ball which experiences constant acceleration. You will use a Motion Detector to measure the position of the ball as a
More informationApplications of Newton's Laws
Applications of Newton's Laws Purpose: To apply Newton's Laws by applying forces to objects and observing their motion; directly measuring these forces that we will apply. Apparatus: Pasco track, Pasco
More informationLab 5: Conservation of Energy
Lab 5: Conservation of Energy Equipment SWS, 1meter stick, 2meter stick, heavy duty bench clamp, 90cm rod, 40cm rod, 2 double clamps, brass spring, 100g mass, 500g mass with 5cm cardboard square
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Static and Kinetic Friction Experiment 12 If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult to get the box moving. Static friction is the force that is counters your force
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
Static and Kinetic Friction Computer 12 If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult to get the box moving. Static friction is the force that counters your force on the
More informationA) 0.04 cm B) cm C) cm D) 0.2 cm
Unit 1 Sample Questions and Problems U1Q1 The length of a block was measured to be 11.23 cm ± 0.03 cm the vernier caliper used to measure the block has an uncertainty of 0.01 cm. Determine the total uncertainty
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion Concepts
Simple Harmonic Motion Concepts INTRODUCTION Have you ever wondered why a grandfather clock keeps accurate time? The motion of the pendulum is a particular kind of repetitive or periodic motion called
More informationLab #5: The Work Kinetic Energy Theorem
Lab #5: The Work Kinetic Energy Theorem Reading Assignment: Chapter 7, Sections 71 through 76 Introduction: F/A18E/F Super Hornet U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate 3rd Class John Sullivan http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/images/imagecv16.html
More informationName: Partner(s): Date: Hooke s Law
Name: Partner(s): Date: Hooke s Law 1. Purpose: The primary purpose of the lab is to study Hooke s Law and simple harmonic motion by studying the behavior of a mass on a spring. Your goal will be to extract
More informationTHE SPRING CONSTANT. Apparatus: A spiral spring, a set of weights, a weight hanger, a balance, a stop watch, and a twometer
THE SPRING CONSTANT Objective: To determine the spring constant of a spiral spring by Hooe s law and by its period of oscillatory motion in response to a weight. Apparatus: A spiral spring, a set of weights,
More informationComputer Experiment. Simple Harmonic Motion. Kinematics and Dynamics of Simple Harmonic Motion. Evaluation copy
INTRODUCTION Simple Harmonic Motion Kinematics and Dynamics of Simple Harmonic Motion Computer Experiment 16 When you suspend an object from a spring, the spring will stretch. If you pull on the object,
More informationLAB 8: WORK AND ENERGY
Lab 8  Work and Energy 89 Name Date Partners LAB 8: WORK AND ENERGY Energy is the only life and is from the Body; and Reason is the bound or outward circumference of energy. Energy is eternal delight.
More informationGraph Matching. LabPro & Computer OBJECTIVES MATERIALS
Graph Matching LabPro & Computer 1 One of the most effective methods of describing motion is to plot graphs of position, velocity, and acceleration vs. time. From such a graphical representation, it is
More informationEvaluation copy. Newton s Second Law. computer OBJECTIVES MATERIALS PROCEDURE
Newton s Second Law Computer 39 Newton s second law of motion explains the relationship among force, mass, and acceleration. In this activity, you will study the relationship between acceleration and mass,
More informationCONSERVATION OF ENERGY
PreLab Assignment CONSERVATION OF ENERGY 1. Read the lab instructions. 2. A hanging mass of 1500 grams compresses a spring 2.0 cm. Find the spring constant in N/m. 3. The spring is compressed a total
More informationDetermining the coefficient of friction for various tires on a ramp
Determining the coefficient of friction for various tires on a ramp An experiment involving the forces on various polymers Background information: Tire companies invest a lot of money researching different
More informationEXPERIMENT P4 INVESTIGATION OF ELASTICITY
EXPERIMENT P4 INVESTIGATION OF ELASTICITY Objectives 1. To investigate the elasticity of various materials by examining to what extent they obey Hooke's Law. 2. To investigate periodic motion for a spring.
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion of Springs
PHYS 11L LAB 9 Simple Harmonic Motion of Springs Purpose In this laboratory we will measure the elastic force exerted by a spring and its period of motion when stretched by an attached mass. We will also
More informationSIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION
SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION INTRODUCTION Have you ever wondered why a grandfather clock keeps accurate time? The motion of the pendulum is a particular kind of repetitive or periodic motion called simple harmonic
More informationCrumple Zone Designing a Bumper to Study Impulse and Momentum
Designing a Bumper to Study Impulse and Momentum Today s cars are built with bumpers which soften the force of impact of a collision. A car moving with momentum mv can be brought to rest by a force F acting
More informationLab 4: Conservation of Energy
Lab 4: Conservation of Energy 1 Purpose To study conservation of energy in the case of conservative forces acting on a system. Three mechanical systems are studied: a falling mass, a pendulum, and a mass
More informationStatic and Kinetic Friction
DualRange Force Sensor Static and Kinetic Friction Computer 12 If you try to slide a heavy box resting on the floor, you may find it difficult to get the box moving. Static friction is the force that
More informationEnergy of a Free Rolling Cart on an. Inclined Plane
Energy of a Free Rolling Cart on an Inclined Plane When a frictionless cart is projected up an inclined plane, the cart slows down until it reaches the top of its path and then speeds up on its way back
More information1 One Dimensional Horizontal Motion Position vs. time
PHY115 Experiment 1 One Dimensional Horizontal Motion Position vs. time One of the most effective methods of describing motion is to plot graphs of distance, velocity, and acceleration vs. time. From such
More informationELASTIC FORCES and HOOKE S LAW
PHYS101 LAB03 ELASTIC FORCES and HOOKE S LAW 1. Objective The objective of this lab is to show that the response of a spring when an external agent changes its equilibrium length by x can be described
More informationLab 8: Work and Energy
Lab 8: Work and Energy Objectives: To understand the concept of work To be able to calculate work for constant and nonconstant forces To understand the concept of kinetic energy To understand the relationship
More informationSIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION
SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment is to investigate one of the fundamental types of motion that exists in nature  simple harmonic motion. The importance of this kind of motion
More informationTHE CONSERVATION OF ENERGY  PENDULUM 
THE CONSERVATION OF ENERGY  PENDULUM  Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to measure the potential energy and the kinetic energy of a mechanical system and to quantitatively compare the two
More informationPhysics Spring 2015 Lab 4  Newton s Second Law Revisited
Physics 100  Spring 2015 Lab 4  Newton s Second Law Revisited Goal: The student will take velocity vs. distance data and plot it. The student will interpret the plots and draw conclusions based on Newton
More information3. Springs; Elastic Forces & Energy.notebook
1. When a mass is placed on a spring with a spring constant of 60.0 newtons per meter, the spring is compressed 0.500 meter. How much energy is stored in the spring? 1. 60.0 J 2. 30.0 J 3. 15.0 J 4. 7.50
More informationArchimedes Principle
Objectives Archimedes Prciple In this lab you will Equipment use Excel to plot mass and volume data for water to obta its density. use Archimedes Prciple to measure the densities of Lucite, lead, and wood.
More information1. The graph below represents the relationship between the force applied to a spring and the compression (displacement) of the spring.
SPRINGS Name 1. The graph below represents the relationship between the force applied to a spring and the compression (displacement) of the spring. 3. The graph below represents the relationship between
More informationName: Lab Partner: Section:
Chapter 10 Simple Harmonic Motion Name: Lab Partner: Section: 10.1 Purpose Simple harmonic motion will be examined in this experiment. 10.2 Introduction A periodic motion is one that repeats itself in
More informationPHY 101 Lab 3 Diverse Forces, Springs and Friction
PHY 101 Lab 3 Diverse Forces, Springs and Friction Name: Partner: Partner: Goals: To explore the nature of forces and the variety of ways in which they can be produced. Characterize the nature of springs,
More informationJuly 13  Force & Motion 1. Name Date Partners
July 13  Force & Motion 1 Name Date Partners FORCE AND MOTION A vulgar Mechanik can practice what he has been taught or seen done, but if he is in an error he knows not how to find it out and correct
More informationLAB 6: WORK AND ENERGY
87 Name Date Partners LAB 6: WORK AND ENERGY OBJECTIVES OVERVIEW Energy is the only life and is from the Body; and Reason is the bound or outward circumference of energy. Energy is eternal delight. William
More informationSIMPLE PENDULUM AND PROPERTIES OF SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION
SIMPE PENDUUM AND PROPERTIES OF SIMPE HARMONIC MOTION Purpose a. To investigate the dependence of time period of a simple pendulum on the length of the pendulum and the acceleration of gravity. b. To study
More informationActivity P20: Conservation of Mechanical Energy (Force Sensor, Photogate)
Activity P20: Conservation of Mechanical Energy (Force Sensor, Photogate) Equipment Needed Qty Equipment Needed Qty Economy Force Sensor (CI6746) 1 Photogate Mounting Bracket 1 Photogate/Pulley System
More information1. What must be stored in the bow?
AP Physics 1 Lesson 7.b Work and Elastic Potential Energy in Springs Outcomes 1. Define work. 2. Define energy. 3. Determine the work done by a constant force. 4. Determine the work done by a force exerted
More informationGuidelines for a Physics Lab Report
A lab report has three main functions: General comments: Guidelines for a Physics Lab Report 1) To provide a record of the experiments and raw data included in the report. 2) To provide sufficient information
More informationUNIFORMLY ACCELERATED MOTION. Investigation: Acceleration of a Freely Falling Picket Fence (Through a Photogate) [Activity P05]:
UNIFORMLY ACCELERATED MOTION Investigation: Acceleration of a Freely Falling Picket Fence (Through a Photogate) [Activity P05]: Experimental Objectives: The purpose of this experiment is to study objects
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 Object To determine the period of motion of objects that are executing simple harmonic motion and to check the theoretical prediction of such periods. 2 Apparatus Assorted weights
More informationPHYS 1111L  Introductory Physics Laboratory I
PHYS 1111L  Introductory Physics Laboratory I Laboratory Advanced Sheet Oscillatory Motion 1. Objectives. 2. Theory. a. To be able to experimentally determine the spring constant of a spring. b. To be
More informationPhysics 1050 Experiment 5. Momentum and Impulse
Momentum and Impulse Prelab Questions These questions need to be completed before entering the lab. Please show all workings. One cart is pushed towards another stationary cart. They collide, stick, and
More informationLABORATORY 9. Simple Harmonic Motion
LABORATORY 9 Simple Harmonic Motion Purpose In this experiment we will investigate two examples of simple harmonic motion: the massspring system and the simple pendulum. For the massspring system we
More informationDoes our Bungee Cord behave like an Ideal Spring?
Does our Bungee Cord behave like an Ideal Spring? Sydney Abrisz Margaret Kallus 11/19/15 Introduction: This report is the second step towards the final project of safely dropping an egg attached to a bungee
More informationLab 4: Work and Energy
3 Lab 4: Work and Energy I. Introduction A. Objectives for this lab: 1. Learn how to quanitatively relate the new concepts of work and energy to concepts you are already familiar with force and distance.
More informationNewton s 2nd Law. 1 Purpose
Newton s 2nd Law Equipment DataStudio, motion sensor, meter stick, force sensor, clamp and rod for force sensor, weights with hooks, 18.7 cm glider, 28.7 cm glider, air track, smart pulley, string for
More informationAP1 Oscillations. 1. Which of the following statements about a springblock oscillator in simple harmonic motion about its equilibrium point is false?
1. Which of the following statements about a springblock oscillator in simple harmonic motion about its equilibrium point is false? (A) The displacement is directly related to the acceleration. (B) The
More informationPhysics 213 Laboratory. Hydrostatic Pressure as a Function of Depth
Physics 213 Laboratory Hydrostatic Pressure as a Function of Depth Purpose: To determine the hydrostatic pressure of a fluid as a function of depth below the surface to the fluid. Theory: The static pressure
More informationMeasuring the Coefficient of Friction
Name: Measuring the Coefficient of Objective The purpose of this lab is to experimentally determine and compare the coefficient of static friction and the coefficient of kinetic friction; compare friction
More information