# ACME STUDY POINT. is added in parallel. Are (a) the potential difference across C 1. and (b) the charge q 1. of C 1

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1 QUESTION FOR SHORT ANSWER Q.1 The electric strength of air is about 30, 000 V/cm. By this we mean that when the electric field intensity exceeds this value, a spark will jump through the air. We say that electric breakdown has occurred. Using this value, estimate the potential difference between two objects where a spark jumps. A typical situation might be the spark that jumps between your body and a metal door handle after you have walked on a deep carpet or slid across a plastic car seat in very dry weather. Q. If you grasp the two wires leading from the two plates of a charged capacitor, you may feel a shock. The effect is much greater for a F capacitor than for a 0.0F capacitor, even though both are are charged to the same potential difference. Why? Q.3 Three infinite nonconducting sheets, with uniform surface charge densities, and 3 are arranged to be parallel like the two sheets in Fig. What is their order, from left to right, if the electric field E produced by the arrangement has magnitude E = 0 in one region and E = / 0 in another region? Q.4 As shown in the figure plots of charge versus potential difference for three parallel plate capacitors, which have the plate areas and separations given in the table. Which of the plots goes with which of the capacitors? Capacitor Area Separation 1 A d A d 3 A d Q.5 Initially, a single capacitance C 1 is wired to a battery. Then capacitance C is added in parallel. Are (a) the potential difference across C 1 and (b) the charge q 1 on C 1 now more than, less than, or the same as previously? (c) Is the equivalent capacitance C 1 of C 1 and C more than, less than, or equal to C 1? (d) Is the total charge stored on C 1 and C together more than, less than, or equal to the charge stored previously on C 1? Q.6 As shown in the figure three circuits, each consisting of a switch and two capacitors, initially charged as indicated. After the switches have been closed, in which circuit (if any) will the charge on the left hand capacitor (a) increase, (b) decrease and (c) remain the same? Q.7 Cap-monster maze. In the Figure all the capacitors have a capacitance of 6.0 F, and all the batteries have an emf of 10V. What is the charge on capacitor C? (If you can find the proper loop through this maze, you can answer the question with a few seconds of mental calculation.) Q.8 An oil filled capacitor has been designed to have a capacitance C and to operate safely at or below a certain maximum potential difference V m without arcing over. However, the designer did not do a good job and the capacitor occasionally arcs over. What can be done to redesign the capacitor, keeping C and V m unchanged and using the same dielectric? Q.9 One of the plates of a capacitor connected to battery is earthed. Will the potential diffrence between the plates change if the earthing wire is removed? HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

2 ONLY ONE OPTION IS CORRECT. Take approx. minutes for answering each question. Q.1 The distance between plates of a parallel plate capacitor is 5d. Let the positively charged plate is at x=0 and negatively charged plate is at x=5d. Two slabs one of conductor and other of a dielectric of equal thickness d are inserted between the plates as shown in figure. Potential versus distance graph will look like : Q. A parallel plate capacitor has two layers of dielectric as shown in figure. This capacitor is connected across a battery. The graph which shows the variation of electric field (E) and distance (x) from left plate. Q.3 The distance between the plates of a charged parallel plate capacitor is 5 cm and electric field inside the plates is 00 Vcm 1. An uncharged metal bar of width cm is fully immersed into the capacitor. The length of the metal bar is same as that of plate of capacitor. The voltage across capacitor after the immersion of the bar is zero 400 V 600 V 100 V Q.4 Three large plates are arranged as shown. How much charge will flow through the key k if it is closed? 5Q 6 4Q 3 3Q none Q.5 Five conducting parallel plates having area A and separation between them d, are placed as shown in the figure. Plate number and 4 are connected wire and between point A and B, a cell of emf E is connected. The charge flown through the cell is 3 0 AE 4 d 0 AE 3 d 4 0 AE d Q.6 If charge on left plane of the 5F capacitor in the circuit segment shown in the figure is 0C, the charge on the right plate of 3F capacitor is C 8.57 C C 11.4 C 0 AE d Q.7 Five identical capacitor plates are arranged such that they make capacitors each of F. The plates are connected to a source of emf 10 V. The charge on plate C is + 0 C + 40 C + 60 C + 80 C HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

3 Q.8 A capacitor of capacitance C is charged to a potential difference V from a cell and then disconnected from it. A charge +Q is now given to its positive plate. The potential difference across the capacitor is now V V + C Q V + Q.9 In the circuit shown in figure charge stored in the capacitor of capacity 5 f is 60 C 0 C 30 C zero Q C V C Q, if V < CV Q.10 A conducting body 1 has some initial charge Q, and its capacitance is C. There are two other conducting bodies, and 3, having capacitances : C = C and C 3. Bodies and 3 are initially uncharged. "Body is touched with body 1. Then, body is removed from body 1 and touched with body 3, and then removed." This process is repeated N times. Then, the charge on body 1 at the end must be Q/3 N Q/3 N 1 Q/N 3 None Q.11 Condenser A has a capacity of 15 F when it is filled with a medium of dielectric constant 15. Another condenser B has a capacity 1 F with air between the plates. Both are charged separately by a battery of 100V. After charging, both are connected in parallel without the battery and the dielectric material being removed. The common potential now is 400V 800V 100V 1600V Q.1 In the adjoining figure, capacitor (1) and () have a capacitance C each. When the dielectric of dielectric consatnt K is inserted between the plates of one of the capacitor, the total charge flowing through battery is KCE K 1 from B to C KCE from C to B K 1 (K 1)CE from B to C (K 1) 1 (K 1)CE from C to B (K 1) Q.13 Two identical capacitors 1 and are connected in series to a battery as shown in figure. Capacitor contains a dielectric slab of dielectric constant k as shown. Q 1 and Q are the charges stored in the capacitors. Now the dielectric slab is removed and the corresponding charges are Q 1 and Q. Then Q1 k 1 Q k 1 Q k 1 Q Q k Q Q k Q Q.14 The area of the plates of a parallel plate capacitor is A and the gap between them is d. The gap is filled with a non-homogeneous dielectric whose dielectric constant varies with the distance y from one plate as : K = sec(y/d), where is a dimensionless constant. The capacitance of this capacitor is 0 A / d 0 A /d 0 A /d none Q.15 A capacitor stores 60C charge when connected across a battery. When the gap between the plates is filled with a dielectric, a charge of 10C flows through the battery. The dielectric constant of the material inserted is : 1 3 none 1 1 k HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

4 Q.16 In the above question, if the initial capacitance of the capacitor was F, the amount of heat produced when the dielectric is inserted. 3600J 700J 1800J none Q.17 A capacitor of capacitance C is initially charged to a potential difference of V volt. Now it is connected to a battery of V with opposite polarity. The ratio of heat generated to the final energy stored in the capacitor will be / Q.18 Three plates A, B and C each of area 0.1 m are separated by mm from each other as shown in the figure. A 10 V battery is used to charge the system. The energy stored in the system is 1 J 10 1 J 10 J 10 3 J Q.19 A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a battery and is charged to a potential difference V. Another capacitor of capacitance C is similarly charged to a potential difference V. The charging battery is now disconnected and the capacitors are connect in parallel to each other in such a way that the positive terminal of one is connected to the negative terminal of the other. The final energy of the configuration is zero 3 CV 6 5 CV 9 CV Q.0 A F capacitor is charged to a potential = 10V. Another 4 F capacitor is charged to a potential = 0V. The two capacitors are then connected in a single loop, with the positive plate of one connected with negative plate of the other. What heat is evolved in the circuit? 300 J 600 J 900 J 450 J Q.1 The plates S and T of an uncharged parallel plate capacitor are connected across a battery. The battery is then disconnected and the charged plates are now connected in a system as shown in the figure. The system shown is in equilibrium. All the strings are insulating and massless. The magnitude of charge on one of the capacitor plates is: [Area of plates = A] mga 0 mga 0 Q. In the circuit shown, the energy stored in 1F capacitor is 40 J 64 J 3 J none 4mgA0 k mga0 k Q.3 Four metallic plates arearranged as shown in the figure. If the distance between each plate then capacitance of the given system between points A and B is (Given d << A) 0 A d 3 0 A d 0 A d 4 0 A d HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

5 Q.4 What is the equivalent capacitance of the system of capacitors between A & B 7 C 1.6 C C None 6 Q.5 From a supply of identical capacitors rated 8 F, 50 V, the minimum number of capacitors required to form a composite 16 F, 1000 V is : Q.6 The minimum number of capacitors each of 3 F required to make a circuit with an equivalent capacitance.5 F is Q.7 The capacitance for an isolated conducting sphere of radius (a) is given by 4 0 a. If the sphere is n enclosed with an earthed concentric sphere. The ratio of the radii of the spheres being then the (n 1) capacitance of such a sphere will be increased by a factor n ( n 1) n a. n (n 1) n Q.8 Two capacitor having capacitances 8 F and 16 F have breaking voltages 0 V and 80 V. They are combined in series. The maximum charge they can store individually in the combination is 160 C 00 C 180 C none of these Q.9 A capacitor of capacitance 1 F withstands the maximum voltage 6 kv while a capacitor of F withstands the maximum voltage 4 kv. What maximum voltage will the system of these two capacitor withstands if they are connected in series? 10 kv 1 kv 8 kv 9 kv Q.30 Four identical plates 1,, 3 and 4 are placed parallel to each other at equal distance as shown in the figure. Plates 1 and 4 are joined together and the space between and 3 is filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant k =. The capacitance of the system between 1 and 3 & and 4 are C 1 and C C1 respectively. The ratio is : C Q.31 In the circuit shown in figure, the ratio of charges on 5F and 4F capacitor is : 4/5 3/5 3/8 1/ Q.3 In the circuit shown, a potential difference of 60V is applied across AB. The potential difference between the point M and N is 10 V 15 V 0 V 30 V HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

6 Q.33 Find the equivalent capacitance across A & B 8 15 f F 3 15 F none Q.34 A capacitor of capacitance 1 F with stands the maximum voltages 6 KV while a capacitor of capacitance.0 F with stands the maximum voltage = 4KV. if the two capacitors are connected in series, then the two capacitors combined can take up a maximum voltage of.4 KV 5 KV 9 KV 10 KV Q.35 The diagram shows four capacitors with capacitances and break down voltages as mentioned. What should be the maximum value of the external emf source such that no capacitor breaks down?[hint: First of all find out the break down voltages of each branch. After that compare them.].5 kv 10 / 3kV 3 kv 1 kv Q.36 Three capacitors F, 3 F and 5 F can withstand voltages to 3V, V and 1V respectively. Their series combination can withstand a maximum voltage equal to 5 Volts (31/6) Volts (6/5) Volts None Q.37 Find equivalent capacitance across AB (all capacitances in F) F 3 9F 48 F None Q.38 Three long concentric conducting cylindrical shells have radii R, R and R. Inner and outer shells are connected to each other. The capacitance across middle and inner shells per unit length is: ln 60 ln 0 ln None Q.39 A charged capacitor is allowed to discharge through a resistance by closing the switch S at the instant t = 0. At time t = ln s, the reading of the ammeter falls half of its initial value. The resistance of the ammeter equal to 0 M Q.40 A capacitor C = 100 F is connected to three resistor each of resistance 1 k and a battery of emf 9V. The switch S has been closed for long time so as to charge the capacitor. When switch S is opened, the capacitor discharges with time constant 33 ms 5 ms 3.3 ms 50 ms Q.41 A capacitor C = 100 F is connected to three resistors each of resistance 1 kw and a battery of emf 9V. The switch S has been closed for long time so as to charge the capacitor. When switch S is opened, the capacitor discharges with time constant. 33 ms 5 ms 3.3 ms 50 ms HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

7 Q.4 In the transient shown the time constant of the circuit is : 3 5 RC 5 RC 7 4 RC Q.43 In the circuit shown in figure C 1 =C. Switch S is closed at time t=0. Let i 1 and i be the currents flowing through C 1 and C at any time t, then the ratio i 1 / i is constant increases with increase in time t decreases with increase in time t first increases then decreases 7 3 RC Q.44 Find heat produced in the capacitors on closing the switch S J J zero Q.45 In the circuit shown, when the key k is pressed at time t = 0, which of the following statements about current I in the resistor AB is true I = ma at all t I oscillates between 1 ma and ma I = 1 ma at all t At t = 0, I = ma and with time it goes to 1 ma Q.46 In the R C circuit shown in the figure the total energy of J is dissipated in the 10 resistor when the switch S is closed. The initial charge on the capacitor is C 10 C 60 C C Q.47 A charged capacitor is allowed to discharge through a resistor by closing the key at the instant t =0. At the instant t = (ln 4) s, the reading of the ammeter falls half the initial value. The resistance of the ammeter is equal to 1 M 1 M Q.48 In the circuit shown, the cell is ideal, with emf = 15 V. Each resistance is of 3. The potential difference across the capacitor is zero 9 V 1 V 15 V Question No. 49 to 5 (4 questions) In the circuit shown in figure, four capacitors are connected to a battery. Q.49 The equivalent capacitance of the circuit is 5 F 6 F 8.4 F none HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

8 Q.50 The charge on the 5 F capacitor is 60 C 4 C 1 C 0 C Q.51 The potential difference across the 6 F capacitor is 6V 4V 5V none Q.5 The maximum energy is stored in the capacitor of 10 F 6 F 5 F 4 F Q.53 A parallel plate capacitor has an electric field of 10 5 V/m between the plates. If the charge on the capacitor plate is 1C, then the force on each capacitor plate is 0.1Nt 0.05Nt 0.0Nt 0.01Nt Q.54 A capacitor is connected to a battery. The force of attraction between the plates when the separation between them is halved remains the same becomes eight times becomes four times becomes two times ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION MAY BE CORRECT Take approx. 3 minutes for answering each question. Q.1 A parallel plate capacitor A is filled with a dielectric whose dielectric constant varies with applied voltage as K = V. An identical capacitor B of capacitance C 0 with air as dielectric is connected to voltage source V 0 = 30V and then connected to the first capacitor after disconnecting the voltage source. The charge and voltage on capacitor. A are 5C 0 and 5V A are 5C 0 and 5 V B are 5c 0 and 5V B are 5C 0 and 5 V Q. Two capacitors of F and 3 F are charged to 150 volt and 10 volt respectively. The plates of capacitor are connected as shown in the figure. A discharged capacitor of capacity 1.5 F falls to the free ends of the wire. Then charge on the 1.5 F capacitors is 180 C charge on the F capacitor is 10 C charge flows through A from right to left. charge flows through A from left to right. Q.3 In the circuit shown, each capacitor has a capacitance C. The emf of the cell is E. If the switch S is closed positive charge will flow out of the positive terminal of the cell positive charge will enter the positive terminal of the cell the amount of charge flowing through the cell will be CE. the amount of charge flowing through the cell will be 4/3 CE. Q.4 In the circuitshow n initially C 1, C are uncharged. After closing the switch The charge on C is greater that on C 1 The charge on C 1 and C are the same The potential drops across C 1 and C are the same The potential drops across C is greater than that across C 1 HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

9 Q.5 A parallel plate air-core capacitor is connected across a source of constant potential difference. When a dielectric plate is introduced between the two plates then : some charge from the capacitor will flow back into the source. some extra charge from the source will flow back into the capacitor. the electric field intensity between the two plate does not change. the electric field intensity between the two plates will decrease. Q.6 A parallel plate capacitor has a parallel sheet of copper inserted between and parallel to the two plates, without touching the plates. The capacity of the capacitor after the introduction of the copper sheet is : minimum when the copper sheet touches one of the plates. maximum when the copper sheet touches one of the plates. invariant for all positions of the sheet between the plates. greater than that before introducing the sheet. Q.7 In the circuit shown in the figure, the switch S is initially open and the capacitor is initially uncharged. I 1, I and I 3 represent the current in the resistance, 4 and 8 respectively. Just after the switch S is closed, I 1 = 3A, I = 3A and I 3 = 0 Just after the switch S is closed, I 1 = 3A, I = 0 and I 3 = 0 long time after the switch S is closed, I 1 = 0.6 A, I = 0 and I 3 = 0 long after the switch S is closed, I 1 = I = I 3 = 0.6 A. Q.8 The circuit shown in the figure consists of a battery of emf = 10 V ; a capacitor of capacitance C = 1.0 F and three resistor of values R 1 =, R = and R 3 = 1. Initially the capacitor is completely uncharged and the switch S is open. The switch S is closed at t = 0. The current through resistor R 3 at the moment the switch closed is zero. The current through resistor R 3 a long time after the switch closed is 5A. The ratio of current through R 1 and R is always constant. The maximum charge on the capacitor during the operation is 5C. Q.9 In the circuit shown in figure C 1 = C = F. Then charge stored in capacitor C 1 is zero capacitor C is zero both capacitor is zero capacitor C 1 is 40 C Q.10 A capacitor of capacity C is charged to a steady potential difference V and connected in series with an open key and a pure resistor 'R'. At time t = 0, the key is closed. If I = current at time t, a plot of log I against 't' is as shown in (1) in the graph. Later one of the parameters i.e. V, R or C is changed keeping the other two constant, and the graph () is recorded. Then C is reduced C is increased R is reduced R is increased HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

10 Question No.11 to 1 ( questions) The charge across the capacitor in two different RC circuits 1 and are plotted as shown in figure. Q.11 Choose the correct statement(s) related to the two circuits. Both the capacitors are charged to the same charge. The emf's of cells in both the circuit are equal. The emf's of the cells may be different. The emf E 1 is more than E Q.1 Identify the correct statement(s) related to the R 1, R, C 1 and C of the two RC circuits. R 1 > R if E 1 = E C 1 < C if E 1 = E R 1 C 1 > R C R 1 C < R C 1 Q.13 A parallel plate capacitor is charged by connecting it to a battery. The battery is disconnected and the plates of the capacitor are pulled apart to make the separation between the plates twice. Again the capacitor is connected to the battery (with same polarity) then Charge from the battery flows into the capacitor after reconnection Charge from capacitor flows into the battery after reconnection. The potential difference between the plates increases when the plates are pulled apart. After reconnection of battery potential difference between the plate will immediately becomes half of the initial potential difference. (Just after disconnecting the battery) Q.14 The plates of a parallel plate capacitor with no dielectric are connected to a voltage source. Now a dielectric of dielectric constant K is inserted to fill the whole space between the plates with voltage source remaining connected to the capacitor. the energy stored in the capacitor will become Ktimes the electric field inside the capacitor will decrease to Ktimes the force of attraction between the plates will increase to K times the charge on the capacitor will increase to Ktimes Q.15 Four capacitors and a battery are connected as shown. The potential drop across the 7 F capacitor is 6 V. Then the : potential difference across the 3 F capacitor is 10 V charge on the 3 F capacitor is 4 C e.m.f. of the battery is 30 V potential difference across the 1 F capacitor is 10 V. Q.16 A circuit shown in the figure consists of a battery of emf 10 V and two capacitance C 1 and C of capacitances 1.0 F and.0 F respectively. The potential difference V A V B is 5V charge on capacitor C 1 is equal to charge on capacitor C Voltage across capacitor C 1 is 5V. Voltage across capacitor C is 10 V Energy stored in capacitor C 1 is two times the energy stored in capacitor C. Q.17 A capacitor C is charged to a potential difference V and battery is disconnected. Now if the capacitor plates are brought close slowly by some distance : some +ve work is done by external agent energy of capacitor will decrease energy of capacitor will increase none of the above HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

11 Q.18 The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is C when the region between the plate has air. This region is now filled with a dielectric slab of dielectric constant k. The capacitor is connected to a cell of emf E, and the slab is taken out charge CE(k 1) flows through the cell energy E C(k 1) is absorbed by the cell. the energy stored in the capacitor is reduced by E C(k 1) the external agent has to do 1 E C(k 1) amount of work to take the slab out. Q.19 Two capacitors of capacitances 1F and 3F are charged to the same voltages 5V. They are connected in parallel with oppositely charged plates connected together. Then: Final common voltage will be 5V. Final common voltage will be.5 V Heat produced in the circuit will be zero. Heat produced in the circuit will be 37.5 J Q.0 The two plates X and Y of a parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C are given a charge of amount Q each. X is now joined to the positive terminal and Y to the negative terminal of a cell of emf E = Q/C. Charge of amount Q will flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal of the cell inside it. The total charge on the plate X will be Q. The total charge on the plate Y will be zero. The cell will supply CE amount of energy. Q.1 A dielectric slab is inserted between the plates of an isolated charged capacitor. Which of the following quantities will remain the same? the electric field in the capacitor the charge on the capacitor the potential difference between the plates the stored energy in the capacitor. Q. The separation between the plates of a isolated charged parallel plate capacitor is increased. Which of the following quantities will change? charge on the capacitor potential difference across the capacitor energy of the capacitor energy density between the plates. Q.3 Each plate of a parallel plate capacitor has a charge q on it. The capacitor is now connected to a battery. Now, the facing surfaces of the capacitor have equal and opposite charges. the two plates of the capacitor have equal and opposite charges. the battery supplies equal and opposite charges to the two plates. the outer surfaces of the plates have equal charges. Q.4 Following operations can be performed on a capacitor : X connect the capacitor to a battery of emf E. Y disconnect the battery Z reconnect the battery with polarity reversed. W insert a dielectric slab in the capacitor In XYZ (perform X, then Y, then Z) the stored electric energy remains unchanged and no thermal energy is developed. The charge appearing on the capacitor is greater after the action XWY than after the action XYW. The electric energy stored in the capacitor is greater after the action WXY than after the action XYW. The electric field in the capacitor after the action XW is the same as that after WX. Q.5 A parallel plate capacitor is charged and then disconnected from the source of potential difference. If the plates of the condenser are then moved farther apart by the use of insulated handle, which one of the following is true? the charge on the capacitor increases the charge on the capacitor decreases the capacitance of the capacitor increases the potential difference across the plate increases HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

12 Q.6 A parallel plate capacitor is charged and then disconnected from the source steady E.M.F. The plates are then drawn apart farther. Again it is connected to the same source. Then : the potential difference across the plate increases, while the plates are being drawn apart. the charge from the capacitor flows into the source, when the capacitor is reconnected. more charge is drawn to the capacitor from the source, during the reconnection. the electric intensity between the plates remains constant during the drawing apart of plates. Q.7 When a parallel plates capacitor is connected to a source of constant potential difference, all the charge drawn from the source is stored in the capacitor. all the energy drawn from the source is stored in the capacitor. the potential difference across the capacitor grows very rapidly initially and this rate decreases to zero eventually. the capacity of the capacitor increases with the increase of the charge in the capacitor. Q.8 When two identical capacitors are charged individually to different potentials and connected parallel to each other, after disconnecting them from the source : net charge on connected plates is less than the sum of initial individual charges. net charge on connected plates equals the sum of initial charges. the net potential difference across them is different from the sum of the individual initial potential differences. the net energy stored in the two capacitors is less than the sum of the initial individual energies. Q.9 A parallel plate capacitor of plate area A and plate seperation d is charged to potential difference V and then the battery is disconnected. A slab of dielectric constant K is then inserted between the plates of the capacitor so as to fill the space between the plates. If Q, E and W denote respectively, the magnitude of charge on each plate, the electric field between the plates (after the slab is inserted) and the work done on the system, in question, in the process of inserting the slab, then Q = 0 AV d Q = 0 KAV d E = V K d W = 0 AV 1 d Q.30 A parallel plate capacitor is connected to a battery. The quantities charge, voltage, electric field and energy associated with the capacitor are given by Q 0, V 0, E 0 and U 0 respectively. A dielectric slab is introduced between plates of capacitor but battery is still in connection. The corresponding quantities now given by Q, V, E and U related to previous ones are Q > Q 0 V > V 0 E > E 0 U < U 0 Q.31 A parallel-plate capacitor is connected to a cell. Its positive plate A and its negative plate B have charges +Q and Q respectively. A third plate C, identical to A and B, with charge +Q, is now introduced midway between A and B, parallel to them. Which of the following are correct? 3Q The charge on the inner face of B is now There is no change in the potential difference between A and B. The potential difference between A and C is one-third of the potential difference between B and C. The charge on the inner face of A is now Q. Q.3 Two capacitors C 1 = 4 F and C = F are charged to same potential V = 500 Volt, but with opposite polarity as shown in the figure. The switches S 1 and S are closed. The potential difference across the two capacitors are same and is given by 500 3V The potential difference across the two capacitors are same and is given by V The ratio of final energy to initial energy of the system is 1/9. The ratio of final energy to initial energy of the system is 4/9. 1 K HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

13 Q.33 A parallel plate capacitor is charged to a certain potential and the charging battery is then disconnected. Now, if the plates of the capacitor are moved apart then: The stored energy of the capacitor increases Charge on the capacitor increases Voltage of the capacitor decreases The capacitance increases Q.34 If a battery of voltage V is connected across terminals I of the block box shown in figure, an ideal voltmeter connected to terminals II gives a reading of V/, while if the battery is connected to terminals II, a voltmeter across terminals I reads V. The black box may contain Q.35 Two capacitors of equal capacitance (C 1 = C ) are shown in the figure. Initially, while the switch S is open, one of the capacitors is uncharged and the other carries charge Q 0. The energy stored in the charged capacitor is U 0. Sometimes after the switch is closed, the capacitors C 1 and C carry charges Q 1 and Q, respectively; the voltages across the capacitors are V 1 and V ; and the energies stored in the capacitors are U 1 and U. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? Q 0 = 1 (Q1 + Q ) Q 1 = Q V 1 = V U 1 = U (E) U 0 = U 1 + U Question No.36 to 39 (4 questions) The figure shows a diagonal symmetric arrangement of capacitors and a battery Q.36 Identify the correct statements. Both the 4F capacitors carry equal charges in opposite sense. Both the 4F capacitors carry equal charges in same sense. V B V D > 0 V D V B > 0 Q.37 If the potential of C is zero, then V A = + 0V (V A V D ) + (V B V D ) = 4V D 4(V A V B ) + (V D V B ) = V B V A = V B + V D Q.38 The potential of the point B and D are V B = 8V V B = 1V V D = 8V V D = 1V HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

14 Q.39 The value of charge q 1, q and q 3 as shown in the figure are q 1 = 3 C ; q = 4 C ; q 3 = 8 C q 1 = 48 C ; q = 16 C ; q 3 = + 8 C q 1 = 3 C ; q = 4 C ; q 3 = + 8 C q 1 = 3 C ; q = 4 C ; q 3 = + C Q.40 If Q is the charge on the plates of a capacitor of capacitance C, V the potential difference between the plates, A the area of each plate and d the distance between the plates, the force of attraction between the plates is 1 Q 0A 1 CV d 1 CV A 0 1 Q 4 0d HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

15 ONLY ONE OPTION IS CORRECT Q.1 B Q. A Q.3 C Q.4 A Q.5 B Q.6 A Q.7 B Q.8 C Q.9 D Q.10 A Q.11 B Q.1 D Q.13 C Q.14 A Q.15 C Q.16 C Q.17 B Q.18 B Q.19 B Q.0 B Q.1 A Q. C Q.3 B Q.4 B Q.5 D Q.6 B Q.7 A Q.8 A Q.9 D Q.30 B Q.31 C Q.3 D Q.33 B Q.34 C Q.35 A Q.36 B Q.37 B Q.38 B Q.39 A Q.40 D Q.41 D Q.4 C Q.43 B Q.44 D Q.45 D Q.46 B Q.47 C Q.48 C Q.49 B Q.50 D Q.51 B Q.5 B Q.53 B Q.54 C ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTION MAY BE CORRECT Q.1 B,C Q. A,B,C Q.3 A,D Q.4 B Q.5 B,C Q.6 C,D Q.7 B Q.8 A,B,C,D Q.9 B,D Q.10 B Q.11 A,C Q.1 D Q.13 B,C Q.14 A,C,D Q.15 B,C,D Q.16 A,D Q.17 B Q.18 A,B,D Q.19 B,D Q.0 A,B,C,D Q.1 B Q. B,C Q.3 A,C,D Q.4 B,C,D Q.5 D Q.6 A,B,D Q.7 A,C Q.8 B,C,D Q.9 A,C,D Q.30 A Q.31 A,B,C,D Q.3 A,C Q.33 A Q.34 D Q.35 E Q.36 B,C Q.37 A,B,C,D Q.38 B,C Q.39 C Q.40 A,B ANSWER KEY HAMIRPUR (H.P) CONTACT NUMBER

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