Miller & Levine Biology

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1 A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology Alabama Content Standards for Biology

2 INTRODUCTION This document demonstrates how meets the Alabama Content Standards for Biology, grades Correlation page references are Student and Teacher s Editions. Authors Ken Miller and Joe Levine have created a comprehensive on-level program to inspire students to interact with trusted and up-to-date biology content. The authors unique storytelling style engages students in biology, with a greater focus on written and visual analogies. Resources Study Workbook A and Study Workbook B: Reading Foundations offer leveled resources for students of varying abilities. Section Summaries help students prepare for tests. Study Worksheets make students active and engaged readers. Note taking skills development helps students build understanding. Vocabulary Reviews with graphic organizers help students master key terminology. Laboratory Manual A and Laboratory Manual B: Skill Foundations offer leveled activities for students of varying abilities. Teachers can choose to differentiate activities within a classroom or select from various labs to choose one that best fits the whole class profile. Biology.com, the latest in digital instruction technology, provides a pedagogically relevant interface for your biology classroom. Complete Student Edition online with audio Complete Teacher s Edition Untamed Science videos (also on DVD) Lesson review presentations Editable worksheets Test preparation, online assessments, and remediation Games, animals, and simulations Chapter mysteries from the textbook Interactive study guides SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 2

3 ALABAMA COURSE OF STUDY SCIENCE BIOLOGY CORE HIGH SCHOOL Students will: 1. Select appropriate laboratory glassware, balances, time measuring equipment, and optical instruments to conduct an experiment. Describing the steps of the scientific method Comparing controls, dependent variables, and independent variables Identifying safe laboratory procedures when handling chemicals and using Bunsen burners and laboratory glassware Using appropriate SI units for measuring length, volume, and mass 2. Describe cell processes necessary for achieving homeostasis, including active and passive transport, osmosis, diffusion, exocytosis, and endocytosis. Identifying functions of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids in cellular activities Comparing the reaction of plant and animal cells in isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic solutions Explaining how surface area, cell size, temperature, light, and ph affect cellular activities Applying the concept of fluid pressure to biological systems blood pressure, turgor pressure, bends, strokes 3. Identify reactants and products associated with photosynthesis and cellular respiration and the purposes of these two processes. 4. Describe similarities and differences of cell organelles, using diagrams and tables. Identifying scientists who contributed to the cell theory Hooke, Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow, van Leeuwenhoek Distinguishing between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells SE/TE: 108, 193, 234, 283, 612, 683, 878, 964, 1000, A-13, A-14, A-15 SE/TE: 6-9, 28, A-8, A-9 SE/TE: 7, 9, 28 SE/TE: 25, 29, 264, 283, 603, 698, 878, 964, 1000, A-11, A-12, A-13, A-14, A-15 SE/TE: 24, 31, A-10 SE/TE: 19-20, , , , 220 SE/TE: 46-47, 48-49, 56-57, , 204 SE/TE: , 221 SE/TE: 53, 57, , 244, 245, , 278 SE/TE: 953, 958, 959, 961 SE/TE: , , 234, , , , , , , 268 SE/TE: 197, 198, , 202, 206, 207 SE/TE: 190, 191, 220 SE/TE: , 220 SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 3

4 Identifying various technologies used to observe cells light microscope, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope 5. Identify cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems as levels of organization in the biosphere. Recognizing that cells differentiate to perform specific functions ciliated cells to produce movement, nerve cells to conduct electrical charges 6. Describe the roles of mitotic and meiotic divisions during reproduction, growth, and repair of cells. Comparing sperm and egg formation in terms of ploidy Example: ploidy haploid, diploid Comparing sexual and asexual reproduction 7. Apply Mendel's law to determine phenotypic and genotypic probabilities of offspring. Defining important genetic terms, including dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, phenotype, genotype, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant trait, recessive trait, incomplete dominance, codominance, and allele Interpreting inheritance patterns shown in graphs and charts Calculating genotypic and phenotypic percentages and ratios using a Punnett square 8. Identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and protein. Explaining relationships among DNA, genes, and chromosomes Listing significant contributions of biotechnology to society, including agricultural and medical practices DNA fingerprinting, insulin, growth hormone SE/TE: 191, 192, 194 SE/TE: 64, 65, 68, 216, SE/TE: 215, 217, , 380 SE/TE: , 284, 285, , 333 SE/TE: 990 SE/TE: 19, , 300 SE/TE: 315, 332 SE/TE: 310, 312, 314, 315, 317, 319, 320, 321 SE/TE: 311 SE/TE: , 332 SE/TE: 48-49, , , SE/TE: 197, , 323, SE/TE: 419, , , , 443 SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 4

5 Relating normal patterns of genetic inheritance to genetic variation Example: crossing-over Relating ways chance, mutagens, and genetic engineering increase diversity insertion, deletion, translocation, inversion, recombinant DNA Relating genetic disorders and disease to patterns of genetic inheritance hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, Down's syndrome, Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, color blindness, phenylketonuria (PKU) 9. Differentiate between the previous fivekingdom and current six-kingdom classification systems. Sequencing taxa from most inclusive to least inclusive in the classification of living things Identifying organisms using a dichotomous key Identifying ways in which organisms from the Monera, Protista, and Fungi kingdoms are beneficial and harmful - beneficial decomposers, - harmful diseases Justifying the grouping of viruses in a category separate from living things Writing scientific names accurately by using binomial nomenclature 10. Distinguish between monocots and dicots, angiosperms and gymnosperms, and vascular and nonvascular plants. Describing the histology of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers Recognizing chemical and physical adaptations of plants - chemical foul odor, bitter taste, toxicity; - physical spines, needles, broad leaves SE/TE: , 499 SE/TE: , SE/TE: 395, , 412, 413 SE/TE: , 528 SE/TE: , 532 SE/TE: 511 SE/TE: , SE/TE: 574 TE only: Quick Facts, 576 SE/TE: 512, 532 SE/TE: , , , SE/TE: , 664, 668, , , , , SE/TE: 684, 691 SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 5

6 11. Classify animals according to type of skeletal structure, method of fertilization and reproduction, body symmetry, body coverings, and locomotion. - skeletal structure vertebrates, invertebrates; - fertilization external, internal; - reproduction sexual, asexual; - body symmetry bilateral, radial, asymmetrical; - body coverings feathers, scales, fur; - locomotion cilia, flagella, pseudopodia 12. Describe protective adaptations of animals, including mimicry, camouflage, beak type, migration, and hibernation. Identifying ways in which the theory of evolution explains the nature and diversity of organisms Describing natural selection, survival of the fittest, geographic isolation, and fossil record 13. Trace the flow of energy as it decreases through the trophic levels from producers quaternary level in food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids. Describing the interdependence of biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem effects of humidity on stomata size, effects of dissolved oxygen on fish respiration SE/TE: , , , , 757, , 764, SE/TE: , , 472, , 478 SE/TE: , 465 SE/TE: , , , 495, 496, 497, , 566 SE/TE: 69-70, 73-76, 77-78, SE/TE: 66-67, 68, 90, 92 Contrasting autotrophs and heterotrophs SE/TE: 69, 71, 72, 228, 244 Describing the niche of decomposers SE/TE: 71, 72, 74, 90 Using the ten percent law to explain the decreasing availability of energy through the trophic levels 14. Trace biogeochemical cycles through the environment, including water, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. SE/TE: 77-78, 91 SE/TE: 79-80, 81, 82-85, 86, SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 6

7 Relating natural disasters, climate changes, nonnative species, and human activity dynamic equilibrium of ecosystems - natural disasters habitat destruction resulting from tornadoes; - climate changes changes in migratory patterns of birds; - nonnative species exponential growth of kudzu and Zebra mussels due to absence of natural controls; - human activity habitat destruction resulting in reduction of biodiversity, conservation resulting in preservation of biodiversity Describing the process of ecological succession 15. Identify biomes based on environmental factors and native organisms. Example: tundra permafrost, low humidity, lichens, polar bears 16. Identify density-dependent and densityindependent limiting factors that affect populations in an ecosystem. - density-dependent disease, predatorprey relationships, availability of food and water; - density-independent natural disasters, climate Discriminating among symbiotic relationships, including mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism SE/TE: , 136, , 176, , SE/TE: , 124 SE/TE: , , 116, 125 SE/TE: , SE/TE: , 124, SE=Student Edition; TE=Teacher Edition 7

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