PHYSICAL QUANTITIES AND UNITS


 Russell Walker
 4 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 1 PHYSICAL QUANTITIES AND UNITS Introduction Physics is the study of matter, its motion and the interaction between matter. Physics involves analysis of physical quantities, the interaction between them and the formulation of principles to explain natural phenomena. A physical quantity is made up of a numerical magnitude and a unit. Making measurement is important in physics. A measurement has uncertainty or errors. Many physical quantities are vectors. Knowing basic operations such as addition and products of vector are fundamental skills required in the study of physics. International Prototype Metre standard bar made of platinumiridium. This was the standard until 1960, when the new SI system used a kryptonspectrum measurement as the base. Concept Map Physical Quantities and Units Base Quantities and SI Units SI units Base quantities and units Derived quantities and units Dimensions Dimensions of base quantities Dimensional analysis check homogeneity construct equations Scalars and Vectors Sum, scalar and vector products of vectors Resolving a vector to two components Errors Calculate uncertainty in a derived quantity Significant figures
2 2 ACE AHEAD Physics First Term LEARNING OUTCOMES (a) List base quantities as mass (kg), length (m), time (s), current (A), temperature (K), and quantity of matter (mol) (b) Deduce units for derived quantities 1.1 Base Quantities and SI Units 1 A physical quantity is a property that can be measured. 2 Examples of physical quantities are: length, mass, time, speed, energy, temperature and current. 3 A physical quantity is described by a numerical value and a unit. Example: the height of a person is 2 m. The numerical value is 2 and the unit is metre (m). 4 The unit of a physical quantity is the standard size used to compare different sizes of the physical quantity. In the above example, the height of the person is two times the standard length which is the metre (m). 5 In the International System of Units (SI), seven physical quantities are chosen as fundamental or base quantities. Definition of the base units for the base quantities are given in Table 1.1. PHYSICS FILE In 1790 the metre was fixed as the length of the pendulum with a halfperiod of one second. Base quantity Length Base unit metre (m) Definition of base unit Distance travelled by light in vacuum during the time interval of 1/( ) second. Mass of a platinumiridium cylinder kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Sevres, France. The time interval for the light emitted from the cesium133 atom to complete oscillations. One kelvin (1 K) = 1/ of the temperature of the triple point of water. The constant current which, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, negligible circular crosssectional area and placed one metre apart in vacuum, would produce between these conductors a force of newton per metre of length. The amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in kg of carbon12. The candela (cd) is the luminous intensity, in a given direction of a source that emits monochromatic radiation of frequency Hz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of 1/683 watt per steradian. Mass kilogram (kg) Time second (s) Temperature kelvin (K) ampere (A) Current Amount of substance mole (mol) Luminous intensity candela (cd) Table 1.1 Base quantities in SI
3 1 Physical Quantities and Units 21 2 The diameter of a metal sphere is ( ) cm, and its mass is (235 5) g. (a) Calculate the percentage uncertainty in the determination of the density of the metal. (b) Calculate the density of the metal and state its absolute uncertainty. 3 The time for 40 oscillations of a simple pendulum recorded using a stopwatch is 48.6 s. Calculate the period of the simple pendulum to the correct number of significant figures. 4 A rectangular plot of land is ( ) m long and ( ) m wide. Calculate (a) the perimeter and (b) the area of the plot. Give the uncertainty for each of the answers. COMPANION WEBSITE Online Test Summary 1 A physical quantity is a property that can be measured. 2 The unit of a physical quantity is the standard size used to compare different sizes of the physical quantity. 3 The dimension of the derived quantity is the relationship between a derived quantity and the base quantities. 4 The dimension of a physical equation is homogeneous if all the terms in the equation have the same dimension. 5 Dimensional analysis enables us to construct an equation that relates a physical quantity to the variables that are observed in experiments. 6 A scalar is a physical quantity that has only magnitude. 7 A vector has both magnitude and direction. 8 The addition of two vectors P and Q is a new vector R, (P + Q) = R which is known as the resultant vector. 9 A vector R can be resolved into two components R x and R y that are mutually perpendicular R x = R cos q and R y = R sin q tan q = R y R = R R 2 + x R2 y x where q is the angle between the component R x and the vector R. 10 The scalar product of two vectors a.b = a b cos q where q is the angle between the two vectors. 11 The vector product of two vectors a b is a vector whose magnitude is given by a b = a b sin q The direction of a b is such that the vectors a, b and a b form a righthand system.
4 22 ACE AHEAD Physics First Term Focus on Exam 1 OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 1 The dimension of angular velocity is A T 1 B L T 1 C L T 2 D L 2 T 1 STPM 2005/P1/Q1 2 The tensile strength of a wire is the maximum stress on the wire just before it breaks. What is the dimension of tensile strength? A M L 1 T 1 B M L 1 T 2 C M L T 1 D M L T 2 STPM 2007/P1/Q1 3 The unit for power is watt (W). In terms of the base SI units, W is given by A kg m s 2 B kg m 2 s 1 C kg m 2 s 2 D kg m 2 s 3 4 Newton s law of gravitation states that the gravitational force F between two point masses m and M separated by a distance r is given by F = G mm 2. What is the SI unit r for G? A m s 2 B N m 2 s 2 C m 2 kg 2 D kg 1 m 3 s 2 5 Which of the following equations is dimensionally homogeneous? A Force = mass displacement B Work = mass velocity C Power = force velocity D Impulse = force displacement 6 The possible factors that affect the speed v of waves in the sea are r the density of sea water, h the depth of the sea, l the wavelength and g the acceleration due to gravity. If k is a dimensionless constant, in which equation the dimension is consistent? A v = k gl B v = k ghr C v = k g l D v = k gl r 7 The momentum of a body of mass m is p. Which quantity has the same unit as p2 m? A Force B Energy C Power D Pressure 8 Which pair contains a scalar quantity and a vector quantity? A Work and weight B Power and energy C Impulse and momentum D Potential energy and distance 9 Forces of 10 N and 6 N act on a point. Which of the following cannot be a possible magnitude of the resultant force? A 3 N B 6 N C 10 N D 12 N 10 The resultant of three vectors P, Q and R is X. Which vector diagram correctly shows X = P + Q + R? A R P X Q
5 Model Exam (Paper 1) PHYSICS PAPER 1 Time: 1 hr 45 min Section A (15 marks) Answer all questions in this section. 1 Which of the following is the dimension for pressure? A M L 1 T 2 C M L 2 T 2 B M L T 2 D M L 1 T 1 2 The length of a strip of paper is 20.2 cm and its width is cm. The perimeter of the strip to the correct significant figure is A 42 cm C cm B 42.3 cm D cm 3 A car and a bus pass a point P in the same direction along a road at time t = 0. The speedtime graphs of the vehicles are as shown in the figure. Speed (m s 1 ) Bus Car Time (s) The bus overtakes the car after A 5 s C 15 s B 10 s D 20 s 4 A ball is kicked from a point P and moves off with a speed v at an angle of 45 to the ground. It passes over the horizontal bar of a goal post which is at a height h. What is the speed v of the ball? (g is the acceleration due to gravity.) A 1 gh 2 C 2gh B 1 2 gh D 2 gh 5 A particle P moving with a velocity 4.0 m s 1 collides elastically into another particle Q of the same mass moving with a velocity of 1.6 m s 1 in the same direction. What are the velocities of P and Q after collision? Velocity of P Velocity of Q A 1.6 m s m s 1 B 2.8 m s m s 1 C 3.0 m s m s 1 D 3.8 m s m s 1
Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 2 UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS
1 P a g e Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 2 UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS The comparison of any physical quantity with its standard unit is called measurement. Physical Quantities All the quantities in terms of
More informationPhysics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 3 MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE
1 P a g e Motion Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 3 MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE If an object changes its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called in motion. Rest If an object
More informationThe University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Wednesday, June 17, 2015 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.
P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Wednesday, June 17, 2015 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications
More informationThe University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Friday, June 20, 2014 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.
P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Friday, June 20, 2014 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications device
More informationWeight The weight of an object is defined as the gravitational force acting on the object. Unit: Newton (N)
Gravitational Field A gravitational field as a region in which an object experiences a force due to gravitational attraction Gravitational Field Strength The gravitational field strength at a point in
More informationPhysical Quantities and Units
Physical Quantities and Units 1 Revision Objectives This chapter will explain the SI system of units used for measuring physical quantities and will distinguish between vector and scalar quantities. You
More informationOUTCOME 3 TUTORIAL 5 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
Unit 41: Fluid Mechanics Unit code: T/601/1445 QCF Level: 4 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 3 TUTORIAL 5 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS 3 Be able to determine the behavioural characteristics and parameters of real fluid
More informationSample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam
Sample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam Sample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam Multiplechoice Questions Note: To simplify calculations, you may use g 5 10 m/s 2 in all problems. Directions: Each
More informationAS COMPETITION PAPER 2008
AS COMPETITION PAPER 28 Name School Town & County Total Mark/5 Time Allowed: One hour Attempt as many questions as you can. Write your answers on this question paper. Marks allocated for each question
More informationexplain your reasoning
I. A mechanical device shakes a ballspring system vertically at its natural frequency. The ball is attached to a string, sending a harmonic wave in the positive xdirection. +x a) The ball, of mass M,
More informationPhysics 9e/Cutnell. correlated to the. College Board AP Physics 1 Course Objectives
Physics 9e/Cutnell correlated to the College Board AP Physics 1 Course Objectives Big Idea 1: Objects and systems have properties such as mass and charge. Systems may have internal structure. Enduring
More informationTennessee State University
Tennessee State University Dept. of Physics & Mathematics PHYS 2010 CF SU 2009 Name 30% Time is 2 hours. Cheating will give you an Fgrade. Other instructions will be given in the Hall. MULTIPLE CHOICE.
More informationPractice Test SHM with Answers
Practice Test SHM with Answers MPC 1) If we double the frequency of a system undergoing simple harmonic motion, which of the following statements about that system are true? (There could be more than one
More informationCambridge International Examinations Cambridge International Advanced Subsidiary and Advanced Level
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International Advanced Subsidiary and Advanced Level *0123456789* PHYSICS 9702/02 Paper 2 AS Level Structured Questions For Examination from 2016 SPECIMEN
More informationWork, Energy and Power Practice Test 1
Name: ate: 1. How much work is required to lift a 2kilogram mass to a height of 10 meters?. 5 joules. 20 joules. 100 joules. 200 joules 5. ar and car of equal mass travel up a hill. ar moves up the hill
More informationFigure 1.1 Vector A and Vector F
CHAPTER I VECTOR QUANTITIES Quantities are anything which can be measured, and stated with number. Quantities in physics are divided into two types; scalar and vector quantities. Scalar quantities have
More informationThe rate of change of velocity with respect to time. The average rate of change of distance/displacement with respect to time.
H2 PHYSICS DEFINITIONS LIST Scalar Vector Term Displacement, s Speed Velocity, v Acceleration, a Average speed/velocity Instantaneous Velocity Newton s First Law Newton s Second Law Newton s Third Law
More information1Physical quantities and units
1Physical quantities and units By the end of this chapter you should be able to: explain what is meant by a in physics; state the five fundamental quantities recognised and used in physics; explain the
More informationPhysics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 6 WORK, ENERGY AND POWER
1 P a g e Work Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 6 WORK, ENERGY AND POWER When a force acts on an object and the object actually moves in the direction of force, then the work is said to be done by the force.
More informationwww.mathsbox.org.uk Displacement (x) Velocity (v) Acceleration (a) x = f(t) differentiate v = dx Acceleration Velocity (v) Displacement x
Mechanics 2 : Revision Notes 1. Kinematics and variable acceleration Displacement (x) Velocity (v) Acceleration (a) x = f(t) differentiate v = dx differentiate a = dv = d2 x dt dt dt 2 Acceleration Velocity
More informationPhysical Quantities, Symbols and Units
Table 1 below indicates the physical quantities required for numerical calculations that are included in the Access 3 Physics units and the Intermediate 1 Physics units and course together with the SI
More informationPhysics 2A, Sec B00: Mechanics  Winter 2011 Instructor: B. Grinstein Final Exam
Physics 2A, Sec B00: Mechanics  Winter 2011 Instructor: B. Grinstein Final Exam INSTRUCTIONS: Use a pencil #2 to fill your scantron. Write your code number and bubble it in under "EXAM NUMBER;" an entry
More informationFriday 18 January 2013 Morning
Friday 18 January 2013 Morning AS GCE PHYSICS B (ADVANCING PHYSICS) G492/01 Understanding Processes / Experimentation and Data Handling *G411640113* Candidates answer on the Question Paper. OCR supplied
More informationChapter 07 Test A. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Class: Date: Chapter 07 Test A Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. An example of a vector quantity is: a. temperature. b. length. c. velocity.
More informationPractice final for Basic Physics spring 2005 answers on the last page Name: Date:
Practice final for Basic Physics spring 2005 answers on the last page Name: Date: 1. A 12 ohm resistor and a 24 ohm resistor are connected in series in a circuit with a 6.0 volt battery. Assuming negligible
More informationmomentum change per impact The average rate of change of momentum = Time interval between successive impacts 2m x 2l / x m x m x 2 / l P = l 2 P = l 3
Kinetic Molecular Theory This explains the Ideal Gas Pressure olume and Temperature behavior It s based on following ideas:. Any ordinary sized or macroscopic sample of gas contains large number of molecules.
More informationThe University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS
PS/PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Wednesday, June 24, 2009 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only The answer sheet for Part A and Part B
More informationPHY121 #8 Midterm I 3.06.2013
PHY11 #8 Midterm I 3.06.013 AP Physics Newton s Laws AP Exam Multiple Choice Questions #1 #4 1. When the frictionless system shown above is accelerated by an applied force of magnitude F, the tension
More informationPS6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other.
PS6.1 Explain how the law of conservation of energy applies to the transformation of various forms of energy (including mechanical energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, light energy, sound energy,
More informationCOMPETENCY GOAL 1: The learner will develop abilities necessary to do and understand scientific inquiry.
North Carolina Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies, Physics I Revised 2004 139 Physics PHYSICS  Grades 912 Strands: The strands are: Nature of Science, Science as Inquiry, Science and
More information2After completing this chapter you should be able to
After completing this chapter you should be able to solve problems involving motion in a straight line with constant acceleration model an object moving vertically under gravity understand distance time
More informationIn order to describe motion you need to describe the following properties.
Chapter 2 One Dimensional Kinematics How would you describe the following motion? Ex: random 1D path speeding up and slowing down In order to describe motion you need to describe the following properties.
More informationDownloaded from www.studiestoday.com
Class XI Physics Ch. 4: Motion in a Plane NCERT Solutions Page 85 Question 4.1: State, for each of the following physical quantities, if it is a scalar or a vector: Volume, mass, speed, acceleration, density,
More informationLecture PowerPoints. Chapter 7 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli
Lecture PowerPoints Chapter 7 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli 2005 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the
More informationChapter 6 Work and Energy
Chapter 6 WORK AND ENERGY PREVIEW Work is the scalar product of the force acting on an object and the displacement through which it acts. When work is done on or by a system, the energy of that system
More informationCandidate Number. General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2014
entre Number andidate Number Surname Other Names andidate Signature General ertificate of Education dvanced Level Examination June 214 Physics PHY4/1 Unit 4 Fields and Further Mechanics Section Wednesday
More informationScience Standard Articulated by Grade Level Strand 5: Physical Science
Concept 1: Properties of Objects and Materials Classify objects and materials by their observable properties. Kindergarten Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 PO 1. Identify the following observable properties
More informationAnswer the following questions by marking the BEST answer choice on the answer sheet
Answer the following questions by marking the BEST answer choice on the answer sheet 1. What is the average speed of a car that travels a total distance of 320 meters in 2.6 minutes? a. 2.1 m/s b. 120
More informationPHYS 211 FINAL FALL 2004 Form A
1. Two boys with masses of 40 kg and 60 kg are holding onto either end of a 10 m long massless pole which is initially at rest and floating in still water. They pull themselves along the pole toward each
More informationChapter 1 Units, Physical Quantities, and Vectors
Chapter 1 Units, Physical Quantities, and Vectors 1 The Nature of Physics Physics is an experimental science. Physicists make observations of physical phenomena. They try to find patterns and principles
More information8. As a cart travels around a horizontal circular track, the cart must undergo a change in (1) velocity (3) speed (2) inertia (4) weight
1. What is the average speed of an object that travels 6.00 meters north in 2.00 seconds and then travels 3.00 meters east in 1.00 second? 9.00 m/s 3.00 m/s 0.333 m/s 4.24 m/s 2. What is the distance traveled
More informationElectromagnetism Extra Study Questions Short Answer
Electromagnetism Extra Study Questions Short Answer 1. The electrostatic force between two small charged objects is 5.0 10 5 N. What effect would each of the following changes have on the magnitude of
More informationAP Physics C. Oscillations/SHM Review Packet
AP Physics C Oscillations/SHM Review Packet 1. A 0.5 kg mass on a spring has a displacement as a function of time given by the equation x(t) = 0.8Cos(πt). Find the following: a. The time for one complete
More informationState Newton's second law of motion for a particle, defining carefully each term used.
5 Question 1. [Marks 20] An unmarked police car P is, travelling at the legal speed limit, v P, on a straight section of highway. At time t = 0, the police car is overtaken by a car C, which is speeding
More information9. The kinetic energy of the moving object is (1) 5 J (3) 15 J (2) 10 J (4) 50 J
1. If the kinetic energy of an object is 16 joules when its speed is 4.0 meters per second, then the mass of the objects is (1) 0.5 kg (3) 8.0 kg (2) 2.0 kg (4) 19.6 kg Base your answers to questions 9
More informationGravitational Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy Consider a ball falling from a height of y 0 =h to the floor at height y=0. A net force of gravity has been acting on the ball as it drops. So the total work done on the
More informationConservation of Momentum and Energy
Conservation of Momentum and Energy OBJECTIVES to investigate simple elastic and inelastic collisions in one dimension to study the conservation of momentum and energy phenomena EQUIPMENT horizontal dynamics
More informationBoardworks AS Physics
Boardworks AS Physics Vectors 24 slides 11 Flash activities Prefixes, scalars and vectors Guide to the SI unit prefixes of orders of magnitude Matching powers of ten to their SI unit prefixes Guide to
More informationKinetic Energy (A) stays the same stays the same (B) increases increases (C) stays the same increases (D) increases stays the same.
1. A cart full of water travels horizontally on a frictionless track with initial velocity v. As shown in the diagram, in the back wall of the cart there is a small opening near the bottom of the wall
More informationWelcome to Physics 40!
Welcome to Physics 40! Physics for Scientists and Engineers Lab 1: Introduction to Measurement SI Quantities & Units In mechanics, three basic quantities are used Length, Mass, Time Will also use derived
More informationThe University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Tuesday, June 22, 2010 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.
PS/PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Tuesday, June 22, 2010 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only The answers to all questions in this examination
More informationState Newton's second law of motion for a particle, defining carefully each term used.
5 Question 1. [Marks 28] An unmarked police car P is, travelling at the legal speed limit, v P, on a straight section of highway. At time t = 0, the police car is overtaken by a car C, which is speeding
More informationNotes on Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
Notes on Elastic and Inelastic Collisions In any collision of 2 bodies, their net momentus conserved. That is, the net momentum vector of the bodies just after the collision is the same as it was just
More informationGeneral Physics 1. Class Goals
General Physics 1 Class Goals Develop problem solving skills Learn the basic concepts of mechanics and learn how to apply these concepts to solve problems Build on your understanding of how the world works
More informationAll About Motion  Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
All About Motion  Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration Program Synopsis 2008 20 minutes Teacher Notes: Ian Walter Dip App Chem; GDipEd Admin; TTTC This program explores vector and scalar quantities
More informationUNITS AND MEASUREMENT
CHAPTER TWO UNITS AND MEASUREMENT 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The international system of units 2.3 Measurement of length 2.4 Measurement of mass 2.5 Measurement of time 2.6 Accuracy, precision of instruments
More informationPhysics 41 HW Set 1 Chapter 15
Physics 4 HW Set Chapter 5 Serway 8 th OC:, 4, 7 CQ: 4, 8 P: 4, 5, 8, 8, 0, 9,, 4, 9, 4, 5, 5 Discussion Problems:, 57, 59, 67, 74 OC CQ P: 4, 5, 8, 8, 0, 9,, 4, 9, 4, 5, 5 Discussion Problems:, 57, 59,
More informationWorked Examples from Introductory Physics Vol. I: Basic Mechanics. David Murdock Tenn. Tech. Univ.
Worked Examples from Introductory Physics Vol. I: Basic Mechanics David Murdock Tenn. Tech. Univ. February 24, 2005 2 Contents To the Student. Yeah, You. i 1 Units and Vectors: Tools for Physics 1 1.1
More informationSTUDY PACKAGE. Available Online : www.mathsbysuhag.com
fo/u fopkjr Hkh# tu] ugha vkjehks dke] foifr ns[k NksM+s rqjar e/;e eu dj ';kea iq#"k flag ladyi dj] lgrs foifr vusd] ^cuk^ u NksM+s /;s; dks] j?kqcj jk[ks VsdAA jfpr% ekuo /kez iz.ksrk ln~xq# Jh j.knksm+nklth
More informationAPPLIED MATHEMATICS ADVANCED LEVEL
APPLIED MATHEMATICS ADVANCED LEVEL INTRODUCTION This syllabus serves to examine candidates knowledge and skills in introductory mathematical and statistical methods, and their applications. For applications
More informationPhys222 Winter 2012 Quiz 4 Chapters 2931. Name
Name If you think that no correct answer is provided, give your answer, state your reasoning briefly; append additional sheet of paper if necessary. 1. A particle (q = 5.0 nc, m = 3.0 µg) moves in a region
More informationAlevel PHYSICS (7408/1)
SPECIMEN MATERIAL Alevel PHYSICS (7408/1) Paper 1 Specimen 2014 Morning Time allowed: 2 hours Materials For this paper you must have: a pencil a ruler a calculator a data and formulae booklet. Instructions
More informationReview Questions PHYS 2426 Exam 2
Review Questions PHYS 2426 Exam 2 1. If 4.7 x 10 16 electrons pass a particular point in a wire every second, what is the current in the wire? A) 4.7 ma B) 7.5 A C) 2.9 A D) 7.5 ma E) 0.29 A Ans: D 2.
More informationPart I. Student Laboratory Manuals
Part I Student Laboratory Manuals 1 GK 4. The Gravitational Constant G 4.1 Introduction Gravitation, or gravity, is one of the four fundamental interactions of nature 1, giving rise to attractive forces
More informationChapter 6. Work and Energy
Chapter 6 Work and Energy The concept of forces acting on a mass (one object) is intimately related to the concept of ENERGY production or storage. A mass accelerated to a nonzero speed carries energy
More informationSOLID MECHANICS TUTORIAL MECHANISMS KINEMATICS  VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION DIAGRAMS
SOLID MECHANICS TUTORIAL MECHANISMS KINEMATICS  VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION DIAGRAMS This work covers elements of the syllabus for the Engineering Council exams C105 Mechanical and Structural Engineering
More informationSOLUTIONS TO CONCEPTS CHAPTER 15
SOLUTIONS TO CONCEPTS CHAPTER 15 1. v = 40 cm/sec As velocity of a wave is constant location of maximum after 5 sec = 40 5 = 00 cm along negative xaxis. [(x / a) (t / T)]. Given y = Ae a) [A] = [M 0 L
More informationThe University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Thursday, June 13, 2013 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.
P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Thursday, June 13, 2013 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications
More informationBritish Physics Olympiad
1 British Physics Olympiad Paper 3. 2005 Monday 28 February 2005. Time allowed 3hrs plus 15 minutes reading time. All questions should be attempted. Question 1 carries 40 marks, the other questions 20
More informationPHYS 1014M, Fall 2005 Exam #3. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
PHYS 1014M, Fall 2005 Exam #3 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A bicycle wheel rotates uniformly through 2.0 revolutions in
More informationCandidate Number. General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2010
entre Number andidate Number Surname Other Names andidate Signature General ertificate of Education dvanced Level Examination June 1 Physics PHY4/1 Unit 4 Fields and Further Mechanics Section Friday 18
More informationCHAPTER 6 WORK AND ENERGY
CHAPTER 6 WORK AND ENERGY CONCEPTUAL QUESTIONS. REASONING AND SOLUTION The work done by F in moving the box through a displacement s is W = ( F cos 0 ) s= Fs. The work done by F is W = ( F cos θ). s From
More informationExample SECTION 131. XAXIS  the horizontal number line. YAXIS  the vertical number line ORIGIN  the point where the xaxis and yaxis cross
CHAPTER 13 SECTION 131 Geometry and Algebra The Distance Formula COORDINATE PLANE consists of two perpendicular number lines, dividing the plane into four regions called quadrants XAXIS  the horizontal
More informationLab 8: Ballistic Pendulum
Lab 8: Ballistic Pendulum Equipment: Ballistic pendulum apparatus, 2 meter ruler, 30 cm ruler, blank paper, carbon paper, masking tape, scale. Caution In this experiment a steel ball is projected horizontally
More informationUNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Department of Physics and Engineering Physics
UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN Department of Physics and Engineering Physics Physics 111.6 MIDTERM TEST #4 March 15, 2007 Time: 90 minutes NAME: (Last) Please Print (Given) STUDENT NO.: LECTURE SECTION (please
More information1. Fluids Mechanics and Fluid Properties. 1.1 Objectives of this section. 1.2 Fluids
1. Fluids Mechanics and Fluid Properties What is fluid mechanics? As its name suggests it is the branch of applied mechanics concerned with the statics and dynamics of fluids  both liquids and gases.
More informationXI / PHYSICS FLUIDS IN MOTION 11/PA
Viscosity It is the property of a liquid due to which it flows in the form of layers and each layer opposes the motion of its adjacent layer. Cause of viscosity Consider two neighboring liquid layers A
More informationAS COMPETITION PAPER 2007 SOLUTIONS
AS COMPETITION PAPER 2007 Total Mark/50 SOLUTIONS Section A: Multiple Choice 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. A 8. C 1 Section B: Written Answer Question 9. A mass M is attached to the end of a horizontal
More informationXX. Introductory Physics, High School
XX. Introductory Physics, High School High School Introductory Physics Test The spring 2013 high school Introductory Physics test was based on learning standards in the Physics content strand of the Massachusetts
More information1. Units of a magnetic field might be: A. C m/s B. C s/m C. C/kg D. kg/c s E. N/C m ans: D
Chapter 28: MAGNETIC FIELDS 1 Units of a magnetic field might be: A C m/s B C s/m C C/kg D kg/c s E N/C m 2 In the formula F = q v B: A F must be perpendicular to v but not necessarily to B B F must be
More information1. The diagram below represents magnetic lines of force within a region of space.
1. The diagram below represents magnetic lines of force within a region of space. 4. In which diagram below is the magnetic flux density at point P greatest? (1) (3) (2) (4) The magnetic field is strongest
More informationDefinition: A vector is a directed line segment that has and. Each vector has an initial point and a terminal point.
6.1 Vectors in the Plane PreCalculus 6.1 VECTORS IN THE PLANE Learning Targets: 1. Find the component form and the magnitude of a vector.. Perform addition and scalar multiplication of two vectors. 3.
More informationSolution: F = kx is Hooke s law for a mass and spring system. Angular frequency of this system is: k m therefore, k
Physics 1C Midterm 1 Summer Session II, 2011 Solutions 1. If F = kx, then k m is (a) A (b) ω (c) ω 2 (d) Aω (e) A 2 ω Solution: F = kx is Hooke s law for a mass and spring system. Angular frequency of
More information= 800 kg/m 3 (note that old units cancel out) 4.184 J 1000 g = 4184 J/kg o C
Units and Dimensions Basic properties such as length, mass, time and temperature that can be measured are called dimensions. Any quantity that can be measured has a value and a unit associated with it.
More informationExamples of Scalar and Vector Quantities 1. Candidates should be able to : QUANTITY VECTOR SCALAR
Candidates should be able to : Examples of Scalar and Vector Quantities 1 QUANTITY VECTOR SCALAR Define scalar and vector quantities and give examples. Draw and use a vector triangle to determine the resultant
More informationExperiment 9. The Pendulum
Experiment 9 The Pendulum 9.1 Objectives Investigate the functional dependence of the period (τ) 1 of a pendulum on its length (L), the mass of its bob (m), and the starting angle (θ 0 ). Use a pendulum
More informationPHYSICS HIGHER SECONDARY FIRST YEAR VOLUME  I. Revised based on the recommendation of the Textbook Development Committee. Untouchability is a sin
PHYSICS HIGHER SECONDARY FIRST YEAR VOLUME  I Revised based on the recommendation of the Textbook Development Committee Untouchability is a sin Untouchability is a crime Untouchability is inhuman TAMILNADU
More informationConceptual: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 16, 18, 19. Problems: 4, 6, 8, 11, 16, 20, 23, 27, 34, 41, 45, 56, 60, 65. Conceptual Questions
Conceptual: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 16, 18, 19 Problems: 4, 6, 8, 11, 16, 20, 23, 27, 34, 41, 45, 56, 60, 65 Conceptual Questions 1. The magnetic field cannot be described as the magnetic force per unit charge
More informationEðlisfræði 2, vor 2007
[ Assignment View ] [ Pri Eðlisfræði 2, vor 2007 28. Sources of Magnetic Field Assignment is due at 2:00am on Wednesday, March 7, 2007 Credit for problems submitted late will decrease to 0% after the deadline
More informationG U I D E T O A P P L I E D O R B I T A L M E C H A N I C S F O R K E R B A L S P A C E P R O G R A M
G U I D E T O A P P L I E D O R B I T A L M E C H A N I C S F O R K E R B A L S P A C E P R O G R A M CONTENTS Foreword... 2 Forces... 3 Circular Orbits... 8 Energy... 10 Angular Momentum... 13 FOREWORD
More informationThe content is based on the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) standards and is aligned with state standards.
Literacy Advantage Physical Science Physical Science Literacy Advantage offers a tightly focused curriculum designed to address fundamental concepts such as the nature and structure of matter, the characteristics
More informationVector Algebra II: Scalar and Vector Products
Chapter 2 Vector Algebra II: Scalar and Vector Products We saw in the previous chapter how vector quantities may be added and subtracted. In this chapter we consider the products of vectors and define
More informationHow To Understand The Physics Of A Single Particle
Learning Objectives for AP Physics These course objectives are intended to elaborate on the content outline for Physics B and Physics C found in the AP Physics Course Description. In addition to the five
More informationPHYSICS PAPER 1 (THEORY)
PHYSICS PAPER 1 (THEORY) (Three hours) (Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must NOT start writing during this time.) 
More informationExam 1 Review Questions PHY 2425  Exam 1
Exam 1 Review Questions PHY 2425  Exam 1 Exam 1H Rev Ques.doc  1  Section: 1 7 Topic: General Properties of Vectors Type: Conceptual 1 Given vector A, the vector 3 A A) has a magnitude 3 times that
More informationHow To Understand Light And Color
PRACTICE EXAM IV P202 SPRING 2004 1. In two separate double slit experiments, an interference pattern is observed on a screen. In the first experiment, violet light (λ = 754 nm) is used and a secondorder
More informationSimple Harmonic Motion
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 Object To determine the period of motion of objects that are executing simple harmonic motion and to check the theoretical prediction of such periods. 2 Apparatus Assorted weights
More informationAP1 Oscillations. 1. Which of the following statements about a springblock oscillator in simple harmonic motion about its equilibrium point is false?
1. Which of the following statements about a springblock oscillator in simple harmonic motion about its equilibrium point is false? (A) The displacement is directly related to the acceleration. (B) The
More information21 Position, Displacement, and Distance
21 Position, Displacement, and Distance In describing an object s motion, we should first talk about position where is the object? A position is a vector because it has both a magnitude and a direction:
More information