1 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR Environmental Clearance (AS PER EIA NOTIFICATION, SEPT 06) OF JUNA - KUNADA EXPANSION OC PROJECT (Expansion in Production capacity from 0.60 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA AND Increase in Mine lease area from ha to ha) Terms of Reference dated Prepared by: - December ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited Kasturba Nagar, Jaripatka - Nagpur
3 SUBMISSION This Environmental impact assessment (EIA)/ Environmental Management Plan (EMP) has been prepared based on the Terms of Reference (TOR) issued by MOEF vide its letter no J 11015// IA.II(M) dated The copy of the TOR has been enclosed as Annexure I. This Environmental impact assessment (EIA)/ Environmental Management Plan (EMP) has been prepared after completion of Public Consultation/ Public Hearing on as per EIA Notification, 2006 by Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB).The copy of the minutes of Public Hearing is enclosed herewith as Annexure III.
4 CONTENTS SL.NO CHAPTER NO. PARTICULARS PAGE NO. 1. Compliance of TOR dated CTOR 1 to CTOR - 18 EIA/EMP Chapter I Introduction Chapter II Project Description Chapter III Description of Environment 4. Chapter IV Anticipated Environmental Impacts & Mitigation Measures 5. Chapter - V Analysis of Alternatives Chapter VI Environmental Monitoring Programme 7. Chapter II Additional Studies Chapter VIII Project Benefits Chapter - IX Environmental Cost 153 Benefit Analysis 10. Chapter X Environmental Management Plan Chapter XI Summary & Conclusion Chapter X1I Disclosure of Consultants Engaged
5 LIST OF PLATES SL.NO PLATE No. PARTICULARS 1. I Location plan of mine. 2. II Plan Showing main Drainage in Core & Buffer Zone(10 km radius) II A Land Use/Cover Map of Core & Buffer Zone through Satellite Imagery based on 2011 data 3. III Plan Showing main Features in Core & Buffer Zone(10 km radius) 4. IV Plan Showing main Features in Core & Buffer Zone(3 km radius) 5. V Topographical Plan showing surface contours 6. VI Quarry & Surface layout Plan 7. VI A & B Existing Cross - Sections 8. VII Post Mining Land Use Plan 9. VII A & B Post - Mining Cross - Sections 10. VIII Plan showing locations of Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations LIST OF ANNEXURES SL.NO Annexure No. PARTICULARS 1. I TOR issued by MOEF vide letter dated (A I/1 to A I/7) 2. II Duly filled in proforma for appraisal of Mining projects (A II/1 to A II/38) 3. III Copy of the minutes of Public Hearing held on (A III/1 to A III/4) 4. IV Copy of approval of WCL Board (A IV/1) 5. V Authenticated list of Flora & Fauna (A V/1 to A V/16) 6. VI Compliance Report of earlier EC (A VI/1 to A VI/27) 7. VII Copy of CIL Environmental Policy (A VII/1 to A VII/10)
6 JUNA KUNADA OCP Expn. COMPLIANCE OF TERMS OF REFERENCE Ref.:- MOEF s letter no. J-11015//2012-IA. II(M) dated 23/03/2012. i) An EIA-EMP Report addressing the incremental impacts and management plan thereof would be prepared for expansion of Juna Kunada Opencast Coalmine Project from 0.6 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA rated capacity expn. in ML area from ha to ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification In addition, the status of compliance of the earlier EC for 0.6 MTPA project would also be attached. Compliance This EIA/EMP report has been prepared for expansion of Juna Kunada Opencast Coalmine Project from 0.60 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA rated capacity expn. in ML area from ha to ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification ii) An EIA-EMP Report addressing the incremental impacts and management plan thereof would be prepared for expansion of Juna Kunada Opencast Coalmine Project from 0.6 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA rated capacity expn. in ML area from ha to ha for the project specific activities on the environment of the region and the environmental quality air, water land, biotic community etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 1.2 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/mining plan for 1.2 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Compliance This EIA/EMP report has been prepared for expansion of Juna Kunada Opencast Coalmine Project from 0.6 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA rated capacity expn. in ML area from ha to ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 covering the impacts and Management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region and the environmental quality air, water land, biotic community etc. through collection of baseline data and information along with routine monitoring data in the existing project. iii) A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. Compliance The map showing the project location specifying the State & district has been attached in as Plate I. iv) A Study area map of the core zone and 10 km area of the buffer zone (1 : 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves / National Parks / WL Sanctuaries / Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the 15 km. area of the buffer zone should be given. Compliance The study area map showing core Zone and Buffer Zone (10 km) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers / streams / Nalas / canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources has been attached as Plate II.
7 There is no ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves / National Parks / WL Sanctuaries / Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the 10 km area of the buffer zone. v) Land use map (1:50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per say is not required. Compliance The land use map based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area with explanatory note of the land use has been prepared and the same is attached in the final EIA/EMP as Plate II A. The land is mostly agricultural land and there is no forestland involved in the project. vi) Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) along with other physical features such as water bodies etc. should be furnished. Compliance The map showing the core zone showing the proposed mining area has been attached as Plate VI. The land is mostly agricultural land and the same has been acquired. The additional land is already acquired and being annexed to this project for expansion purpose. There is no forestland involved in the project. vii) A counter map showing the area drainage of the core zone 2 5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/ project area) should also be indicated as a separate map. Compliance The Topographical Plan of the site showing all the details has been enclosed as Plate- V and the features within 3 km with drainage has been attached as Plate - IV. viii) A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc. approach roads, major haul roads, etc. Compliance The Quarry & Surface layout Plan of the site showing all the details has been enclosed as Plate- VI. ix) In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/ modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc should also be shown on the map. Compliance No diversion of any nullah/canal/river is envisaged. x) Similarly if the project involves diversion of road / railway line passing through the ML / project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown. Compliance No diversion of any road /railway line is envisaged.
8 xi) Break-up of lease area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition. Compliance The details are as given below Land Use Details For Expansion Opencast Project S.N. LANDUSE Within ML Area (ha) Outside ML Area (ha) Total (ha) 1. Agricultural Land Forest Land NIL NIL 3. Wasteland/ Govt. Land Grazing Land Surface water bodies Settlements Others (Worked out quarry void of erstwhile Chargaon OC) Total xii) Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations. Compliance The details are as given below The total land involved in Juna Kunada OCP is ha. Out of this land, ha is as per approved EMP and now additional 141 ha of land (already in possession of WCL) in the adjacent exhausted mine i.e. Chargaon OCP is proposed to be annexed. Out of the ha of land earmarked for Juna Kunada CP ha is agricultural land and as on date ha has been acquired. The land is mainly cultivated or revenue land. This land is free from forest land and there is no village shifting involved. PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN DURING OPERATION OF THE PROJECT hectares of land proposed for the project would be utilized for different purposes to carry out the project operation as stated below:- S.N. Particulars Area in hectares 1 Excavation Area Infrastructure Worked out area of Chargaon OCP Main OB Dump Embankment Blasting Zone, Boundary adjustment and Raitonalization Total xiii) Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the project if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land / forest land /grazing land.
9 Compliance : - The land use Pattern during the mine life will be as under: (Spread through the entire life of the mine) hectares of land proposed for the project would be utilized for different purposes to carry out the project operation as stated below:- S.N. Particulars Area in hectares 1 Excavation Area Infrastructure Worked out area of Chargaon OCP Main OB Dump Embankment Blasting Zone, Boundary adjustment and Raitonalization Total xiv) Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx NOx and heavy metals such as Hg,Pb,Cr,As etc.), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period. Compliance The baseline data has been collected for various environmental components such as, Air, Water, Noise and Soil for Expansion of Kamptee Deep O/C mine. Baseline data collection has been carried out within 10 KM radius from the boundary of the core zone during December 09 to February 10 (Winter Season). The statutory guidelines and practices with present norms for coal mine projects have been followed during the baseline data generation/ collection. The subject mine has just been opened and coal production is starting in the current year i.e The environment quality w.r.t. ambient air, water (both ground & surface), ambient noise, soil etc. was collected in the surrounding area during covering the buffer zone and the summarized details are placed below and the same job of of environmental dat generation including PM 10 & PM 2.5 for the year has also been initiated to be completed by February The report on receipt will be duly submitted to MOEF. However the one month data for PM 10 & PM 2.5 as completed has been given in subsequent paragraph. The wind velocity readings were ranging from < km/hr. Predominant wind was from North-East (NE) direction. The maximum temperature recorded was 26.5 C and the minimum was 12.5 C. The mean relative humidity was found to be 64.7% and no rainfall was recorded during the study period. Ambient Air Quality in Buffer zone SPM and RPM (PM 10) values are ranging from 111 g/m 3 to 189 g/m 3 and 37 g/m 3 to 83 g/m 3 respectively. SO2 and NOx values are varying between and g/m 3 respectively. All RPM, SO2 and NOx values are well within the CPCB norms.
10 Water quality in Buffer Zone The water samples (6 Nos.) collected from different water sources i.e. Wastewater, Surface & ground water etc. are analyzed as per procedures outlined in IS : 2488 / IS : 3025 / AWWA / APHA. At all locations, oil and grease, phenolic compounds, cyanides, sulphides and insecticides are found to be absent and all heavy metal values except Iron are found to be below the detectable limit. In general, water quality at six locations is found to be within the prescribed limits. Ambient Noise Quality in Buffer zone Mean Leq noise levels at day time and night time are ranging from 40.6 to 63.2 db(a) and 34.2 to 52.8 db(a) respectively in the study area. While comparing with IS: norms for acceptable outdoor noise levels in residential area (55 db(a)) in respect of buffer zone, the ambient noise levels were within permissible limits. Soil quality The soil quality of the project area appears to be good and would support vegetation after suitable reclamation / modification. PM 10 & PM 2.5 The details have been given in Chapter III. xv) Map of the study area (1: scale) (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone should be selected on the basis size of lease area/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable. Values should be provided based on desirable limits. Compliance As directed a map showing study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources has been attached as Plate VIII. The number and location of the stations in both core zone have been selected on the basis size of lease area / project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air) / downstream (surface water) / groundwater regime (based on flow). One station has been in the upwind / upstream / non-impact / non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring has been done as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.
11 xvi) Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures. Compliance The details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life has been reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan in Chapter - II. Geological maps and sections have also been included as Plate - III. xvii) Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used etc. rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts. Compliance The details of mining methods, technology, and equipments to be used etc. rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used has been discussed in Chapter II. xviii). Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of Natural drainage, diversion and channeling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing through the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon. Compliance The detailed hydrogeological assessment has been incorporated in Chapter-III and the impact assessment has been incorporated in Chapter-IV alongwith hydrographs. xix) Detailed water balance for original and expansion project should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately. Compliance As desired the detailed water balance in the study area has been given in Chapter III. xx) Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users. Compliance Source of water in use in the mine is mine pumped out water. The area does not fall in the list of critical area of CGWA. As such no separate permission is required. The details of competing user has been given in Chapter III. xxi) Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long-term modeling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or area falls within dark/grey zone. Compliance The impact on ground water due to abstraction of mine water covering core and Buffer Zone has been discussed in detail in Chapter III & IV. The ground water in the villages in the buffer zone is being monitored every quarter and there is no declining trend observed.
12 xxii) Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations. Compliance The impact of blasting, noise and vibrations have been discussed in detail in Chapter IV. xxiii) Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modeling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model. Compliance The impact of mining on the AAQ has been discussed in details in Chapter IV considering the baseline ambient air quality scenario as well as routine monitoring data of the existing project and it is anticipated that impact will be insignificant. The AAQ modeling using ISCST 3 has been carried out and the same has been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP in Chapter IV. xxiv) Impacts of mineral transportation within and outside the lease/project along with flow chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, Management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen and effluents/pollution load from these activities. Compliance The impact of mining on the various environmental attributes has been discussed in details in Chapter IV. xxv) Details of waste generation- OB, top soil- as per the approved calendar programme and their management shown in figures as well as explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use plan. In case OB dumps are essential, OB dump heights and terracing should be based on slope stability studies with a maximum of 28 O angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to adjacent area should be shown. Project Original Project (ha) Expansion Project (ha) (balance life) Total (Mm3) Total waste generation (Mm3) Topsoil (Mm3) Total OB generation (Mm3) Total OB in Ext. Dump Total OB Backfilled (Mm3) Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter IV. Sl.No Particulars Sanctioned Present Proposal Proposal 1. Total OB Excavation (Mm3) Total OB in External Dump(Mm3) Total OB in Embankment (Mm3) Total OB in decoaled void of Chargaon OC(Mm3) 5. Total OB be used in Juna Kunada OC for Link Haul Road (Mm3)
13 Project Original Project (ha) Expansion Project (ha) (balance life) Total waste generation (Mm3) Topsoil (Mm3) Total OB generation (Mm3) Total OB in Ext. Dump Total OB Backfilled (Mm3) (would be used for construction of flood protection Embankment) xxvi) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MoEF) and selection of species (local) for the afforestation / plantation programme based on original survey / landuse. Compliance :-Stage-wise Landuse and Reclamation Area (ha) (expansion) S.N. Land use Present (1 st Year) 5 th Year End of Mine Life category 1. Backfilled Area (Reclaimed (in already (in already worked with worked out out quarry void of plantation) quarry void of Chargaon OC) Chargaon OC) 2. Excavated in Junakunada Area (not OC reclaimed / & ha in worked void) out quarry of 3. External OB dump Reclaimed with plantation) 4. Reclaimed Top soil dump 5. Green Built Area 6. Undisturbed area (brought under plantation) Chargaon OC) Nil (top soil proposed to be concurrently spread over embankment) (In Peripheral Area) (Projected for Future use for excavation, already worked out area of Chargaon OC and blasting Zone) (Cum 20.00) (Projected for Future use for excavation, already worked out area of Chargaon OC and blasting Zone) (Cum 30.00) (To be brought under plantation during closure period)
14 S.N. Land use category 7. Embankment ( plantation) Present (1 st Year) 5 th Year End of Mine Life (Plantation nil) (Plantation 17.00) (Plantation 34.00) 8. Area around buildings and (Plantation in infrastructure 0.50 ha) including internal roads TOTAL Stage-wise Cumulative Plantation SN Year* Green Belt External Dump/ Embankment Area (ha) No. of Trees Area (ha) No. of Trees Backfilled Area Area (ha) No. of Trees Others (Undisturbed Area/etc) Area (ha) 3.00 (Plantation in 0.50 ha) No. of Trees Area (ha) 1. 1 st Year rd Year 3. 5 th Year 4. End of Mine Life Post Mining/ Closure Total No. of Trees xxvii) Conceptual Final Mine closure plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining. A plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling (wherever applicable) and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation. Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter IV. Post-Mining Landuse Pattern of ML/Project Area (ha) SN Land use during Land Use (ha) Mining Plantation Water Body Public Use Undisturbed Total 1. External OB Dump 2. Embankment
15 SN Land use during Land Use (ha) Mining Plantation Water Body Public Use Undisturbed Total 3. Excavation Backfilled area of Chargaon (To be filled OC up from Navin Kunada OC) 5. Built up area & Avenue Plantation 6. Green Belt Undisturbed Area Total xxviii) Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent. Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter III. xxix) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for Occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine. Compliance The details are furnished below:- WCL has full fledged medical set up in all areas to check up and monitor all the Occupational diseases endangering the health of its preciuos workforce. The periodical medical Examinationfor all workman is compulsory as per Statute.It is carried out once in every five years for each and every worker and proper records are maintained and submitted to Directorate General of Mines Safety as it is a statutory requirement. In case of workers, above 50 years of age and employed in underground mine, this periodical medical Examinationis carried out every two and half years interval. In Pathakhera Area, under whose administrative control, the mine under consideration is being worked is no exception. All the statutory obligations under the Occupational health are strictly followed. Present set up of Occupational Health Services At WCL: WCL is having Occupational health committee at the corporate (HQ) level as well as at the unit (Area /Project level). At corporate level, the committee consists of the following: - Chief General Manager (Safety) Chief of Medical Services Periodical Medical Examination(PME) Incharge of HQ.
16 The committee scrutinizes the report of the area every quarter. At Unit level, the committee consists of the following: - General Manager (Operations) Area Medical Officer Area Safety Officer Periodical Medical Examination(PME) Incharge of Area. The above committee takes the review at area level every month. There are 11 hospitals having PME Centres in the hospitals. The PME Centres are well equipped with Spirometry (Lung Function test), Audiometry (for testing hearing impairment) along with the facilities for X Ray & other bio chemical tests. The details are as follows: - Periodical Medical Examination(PME) Centres 11 (Occupational Health Centres) Nos. of Doctors engaged in Periodical Medical ExamiNAtion - 11 Nos. of Doctors trained in Periodical Medical ExamiNAtion - 22 Nos. of X Ray machines (300 ma) - 9 Nos. of X Ray machines (500 ma) - 2 Nos. of ILO film Tests - 10 Nos. of Audiometer units - 7 (4 units are under process of procurement) Nos. of Spirometer units - 8 (3 units are under process of procurement) Nos. of Pathology Labs - 11 Nos. of X Ray technicians - 14 Nos. of Laboratory Technicians - 22 All the PME Centres are fully computerised. As per the Statute / Mines Act, 1952, all the workers are examined every five years and the disease profile is maintained in PME Centres in different colour codes as given below: - Yellow Card Hypertension Green Card Diabetes Red Card - Ischaemic Heart Disease Workers exposed to high decibel machineries i.e. more than 90 decibels and are found to have developed hearing impairment, are subjected to repeated audiometric tests. In suitable cases, as per the recommendation of the Apex Medical Board, the change of job is also suggested and implemented accordingly.
17 In addition, the Welfare Board of WCL time to time makes visits to different area hospitals & PME Centres so as take stock of the ground realities. xxx) Risk Assessment and Disaster Preparedness and Management Plan. Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter VII. xxxi) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of Natural resources water, land, energy etc. Compliance The EIA/EMP has been prepared accordingly. xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan. Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter X. xxxiii) Details of R&R. Detailed project specific R&R plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc. and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R plan. Compliance The details have been discussed in Chapter VII. It may be mentioned here that there is no resettlement of house oustees involved in the project. The land oustees involved in the acquired land has been rehabilitated as per the Company policy. xxxiv) CSR plan along with details of villages and specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) for specific activities over the life of the project. Compliance The CSR activities in the neighbouring villages viz. Kunada & Juna Kunada, Chargaon, Vijasan are being taken up through the neighbouring mines and the same will be supplemented by Juna Kunada OC Project. The CSR acivities are being taken up under the approved CSR Policy of the Company and provision is Rs per tone. The activities under CSR will include the following heads;- Development of communication/infrastructure Development of drinking water facility Development of health & Sanitation facilities Development of educational facilities. xxxv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the Regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.
18 Compliance The Environmental Public Hearing in respect of proposed M/s Juna Kunada Opencast Expansion Project, WCL, Majri Area, Tal. Bhadrawati, Dist. Chandrapur for enhancement in production capacity from 0.60 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA and increase in mine lease area from ha to ha was held on 13/07/2012, am at Samudaik Bhawan, Chargaon Ekta Nagar Colony, Tal. Bhadrawati, Dist. Chandrapur. The public hearing was conducted under the Chairmanship of Shri P.D. Badkelwar, Additional District Magistrate, Chandrapur (The representative nominated by District Magistrate, Chandrapur). Shri K.P. Pusadkar, I/C Sub Regional Officer, MPCB, Chandrapur was the Convener of the Public Hearing. Shri N.G. Nihul, Regional Officer, MPCB, Chandrapur was the Member of Public Hearing panel. Smt. Meena Nikhare, District Mining Officer, Chandrapur was also present during the public hearing. The public hearing started at am with the permission of the Public Hearing Panel. First of all, the Convener welcomed all present for Public Hearing. He told that, the Public Hearing is being conducted as per the provisions of EIA Notification dated 14/09/2006 and amended Notification dated 01/12/2009 of Ministry of Environment & Forests, New Delhi. He told that the project proponent received TOR (Terms of Reference) for this project from Ministry of Environment & Forests, New Delhi on 23/03/2012. Accordingly, project proponent prepared Draft EIA & EMP Report and submitted their application on 11/05/2012 to the Board requesting for conducting the Public Hearing. Accordingly, the Board has issued public notice on 10/06/2012 in Daily Lokmat (Marathi) and Daily Hitvada (English) stating date, venue and time of public hearing. The copies of Draft EIA/EMP and Executive Summary in English and Marathi were made available at the office of District Collector, Chandrapur, District Industries Centre, Chandrapur, Zilha Parishad, Chandrapur, MPC Board (HQ), Mumbai, Regional Office and Sub Regional Office, MPC Board, Chandrapur, Environment Department, Mantralaya, Mumbai, Tahsil Office, Bhadrawati and offices of the concerned Gram Panchayat namely Chargaon & Kunada, Tal. Bhadrawati for the knowledge of concerned. Also, through this notice it was requested to file their objections/suggestions within 30 days from the date of public notice to the Sub Regional Officer, MPC Board, Chandrapur. The Member Secretary, MPC Board, Mumbai has issued the Panel Order no. E-28 of 2012 dated 05/07/2012 for the Public Hearing. The Minutes of Public Hearing in respect of M/s Juna Kunada Opencast Expansion Project, WCL, Majri Area, Tal. Bhadrawati, Dist. Chandrapur conducted on 13/07/ am at Samudaik Bhawan, Chargaon Ekta Nagar Colony, Tal. Bhadrawati, Dist. Chandrapur.
19 S.N. Comments / Suggestions of Participants WCL s Reply 1 Shri Madhukar Bhaurao Nagapure (Juna Kunada) stated that WCL authorities assured that whatever facilities required at Juna Kunada will be provided but the same has not been fulfilled. Employments were given to few people and rest are jobless due to which their life became very difficult. He demanded that contract of different works should be given to co-operative society in the village. He requested to the Chairman to give justice to the villagers. 2 Shri Rajendra Wankhede stated that WCL should complete the work related to environment and asked about the plans of WCL to make the healthy atmosphere around coal mines and to control the pollution from mine. 3 Shri Rangnath Ganpati Awari (Ex Sarpanch, Juna Kunada) stated that before opening of Juna Kunada Project, land compensation was given in lieu of employment and requested to take back the compensation and give employments to affected persons. 4 Shri Uday Gundawar stated that he is working at underground mine of WCL since 1 ½ year and demanded for posting at opencast mine. 5 Shri Sudhir Udhavrao Satpute (Vijasan) put the demands as below:- Coalmines of WCL Majri Area are situated adjacent to river. Due to vicinity of mine, water level of the river is going down and river water is getting polluted. Water is being supplied to Bhadrawati town from Chargaon and he suggested that WCL should check water quality of water supply system of Bhadrawati town and to take necessary action for filtration of water, if needed. Plantation done by WCL on OB dumps should be useful for the villagers. Only those species of plants should be planted which are useful to the villagers and cattle. So that question of fodder is resolved. Closed mines should be filled by soil and land should be returned to the farmers. All the civic amenities should be provided at the rehabilitation site of Navin Kunada village. Proper land for community latrine should be provided at rehabilitation site. WCL has initiated proposal for expansion of Shri Zakir Hussain (Area Planning Officer, WCL Majri Area) replied the queries as below:- The public hearing has been conducted for the expansion of Juna Kunada mine. WCL is not going to acquire any land for the expansion of this project. Every year plantation work is carried out by WCL and different species of plants are planted which suits the local environment. People are getting benefit due to this plantation work. Every precaution is being taken for conservation of water. Regular water sprinkling is done for dust suppression by fixing sprinklers and deploying water tankers on regular basis. Mine water is treated at sedimentation tank before discharging to nearby river. Several developmental works are carried out every year in the villages under CSR programmes. All works are carried out as per the Government Directives. Compensation and employments are given to the land owners as per Government norms. Some cases are sub-judice and verdict is awaited. Points raised by the Trade Union representatives regarding dust suppression, necessary steps / parameters are already
20 Juna Kunada mine. WCL is getting huge profit from coalmines. But the farmers will not get any benefit from these mines as employment is also not given to their dependents. Land of some farmers is not acquired till date. Same land should be acquired at the earliest. 6 Smt Shobha Parkhi (Sarpanch, Kunada) requested for providing employment in lieu of monetary compensation paid earlier against the acquired land for Juna Kunada. She complained that WCL authorities didn t initiated action even after people submitted applications in this regard. 7 Shri Bandu Wasudev Dohe (Juna Kunada) stated that he has no objection for expansion of this project. 8 Shri Deepak Dongarwar (Majri) stated that villagers are benefited due to mining projects. Eligible people got employment and sufficient compensation has also been given by WCL. Several welfare activities in the affected villages are carried out by WCL under CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) programmes. He showed his support to the expansion project. 9 Shri Manohar Makode (Majri) stated that land should be given for mining projects as such projects are necessary for nation s development. He added that employments will be given by WCL to the eligible persons as per rules and medical facility will also provided to all the family members. He showed his support to the expansion project. 10 Shri Suresh Datarkar (Juna Kunada) stated that proposed project will create employment opportunities for the locals. He demanded for provision of welfare fund to Rs. 5 per ton of coal for the development of the people. He showed his support for the early start of mine and developmental works in villages. 11 Shri K.P. Bansode complained that affected people often didn t get employment in WCL and demanded that WCL being a Government Sector should follow Government Policies in this regard. He said that WCL should follow the commitments regarding tree plantation on open places. And on OB dumps. He demanded for proper arrangement for dust suppression to control emission due to transportation and suitable compensation / employment to affected farmers. implemented. Vijasan village comes under jurisdiction of Bhadrawati Municipal Council and hence decision regarding land for community latrine is to be taken by Municipal Council. WCL has already paid tax to the Bhadrawati Municipal Corporation.
21 12 Shri Sudhir Satpute (Vijasan) stated that Vijasan village is rehabilitated by WCL and hence the facility for community latrine should be developed by WCL. xxxvi) In built mechanism of self monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations. Compliance: The inbuilt mechanism for compliance of all statutory requirements has been incorporated in Chapter IX. xxxvii) Status of any litigations /court cases filed/ pending on the project. Compliance: There are no cases related to environmental issues pending against this project. xxxviii) Submission of sample test analysis of Characteristics of coal this includes grade of coal and other characteristics ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc. Compliance The same will be incorporated in the final EIA/EMP. xxxix) Copy of clearances / approvals such as Forestry clearance, Mining plan approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.) etc. wherever applicable. A) FORESTRY CLEARANCE TOTAL TOTAL ML/PROJECT FOREST AREA (ha) LAND (ha) Date of FC Extent of forest land If more than one. Provide details of each FC NOT APPLICABLE Balance area for which FC is yet to be obtained Status of appl. For diversion of forest land B) MINING PLAN / PROJECT APPROVAL Date of Approval of Mining Plan / Project Approval: Compliance : - Copy of Letter of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval: Attached at Annexure IV. xxxx) Corporate Environment Responsibility: a) The Company must have a well laid down Environment Policy approved by the Board of Directors. b) The Environment Policy must prescribe for standard operating process / procedures to bring into focus any infringements/deviation/violation of the environmental or forest norms/conditions.
22 c) The hierarchical system or Administrative Order of the company to deal with environmental issues and for ensuring compliance with the environmental clearance conditions must be furnished. d) To have proper checks and balances, the company should have a well laid down system of reporting of non-compliances/violations of environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and/or shareholders or stakeholders at large. Compliance Attached as Annexure VII. The following general points should be noted:- i) All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered. Complied. ii) Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.- Complied. iii) Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages:- Complied. iv) After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification This EIA/EMP has been prepared after completion of Public Hearing and being submitted for obtaining Environmental Clearance. v) The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR. Complied (attached at Annexure I). vi) The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.- Complied and attached as Annexure I. vii) The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP Report must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MoEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC. Complied.
23 viii) General Instructions for the preparation and presentation before the EAC of TOR/EC projects of Coal Sector should be incorporated/followed. viii) The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only. Compliance:- Noted The following additional points are also to be noted:- i) Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC. ii) Grant of TOR / EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR / EC to the captive / linked project. iii) Grant of TOR / EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (protection), act iv) Grant of EC is also subject to Circulars issued under the EIA Notification 2006, which are available on the MOEF website: &&&&&&&&&&
24 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR Environmental Clearance (AS PER EIA NOTIFICATION, SEPT 06) OF JUNA - KUNADA EXPANSION OC PROJECT (Expansion in Production capacity from 0.60 MTPA to 1.20 MTPA AND Increase in Mine lease area from ha to ha) DECEMber Prepared by :- ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited Kasturba Nagar, Jaripatka - Nagpur
25 1.0 General CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Wardha Valley Coalfield is strategically located with respect to consumers in Western and Southern India and to cater to the demand of these consumers, several blocks with quarriable potential have been identified. Juna Kunada is one such block which is located about a km of Chargaon Opencast Project. Proposed Juna Kunada opencast project (capacity 0.60 Mty) has been planned in virgin Juna-Kunada block on the left bank of Wardha River which is a geological continuation of up-dip portion of Kolar Pimpri block which is on the right bank of Wardha River. Proved coal reserves upto 150 m depth (1:8 cut off ratio) are estimated to be Mt. Present report proposes to exploit about 5.70 Mt of reserves (including parting) at overall average stripping ratio of 6.76 m3/t upto maximum depth of 150 m. Detailed exploration of Juna-Kunada block was done by MECL. 29 boreholes (MWJK 1 to 29) were drilled during the period 1/11/89 to 3/5/90. Earlier during Jan-Feb. 88, CMPDI had drilled 3 boreholes (CMWK 1 to 3) in this area. Data from these boreholes are incorporated in the Geological Report on Exploration for Coal in Juna-Kunada Block published by MECL in March Drilling of three additional boreholes P1, P2 & P3 was suggested by CMPDI, RI IV to further confirm the incrop position and geological structure. Data from these three boreholes (P1, P2 & P3) have been incorporated in Geological Note prepared by MECL. Also, the structural changes based on two more boreholes (CMWKJ 1 & 2) drilled by CMPDI in December 96 have been considered in this final PR. It is proposed to club the residential complex of Juna Kunada OCP with combined township of Chargaon / Telwasa / Dhorwasa OCPs. The area is free from forest land and there is no village shifting involved in the project. Most of the area being below HFL (192.65) of Wardha River, it has been proposed to construct the flood protection embankment to protect the mine from flood waters of Wardha River. Based on this approved Project Report of Juna Kunada OC, the Environmental Clearance was obtained from MOEF vide its letter dated J /16/2003-IA.II(M) dated 10 th January, Now considering the demand of power grade coal it is proposed to enhance the production capacity of the mine from 0.60 Mty to 1.20 Mty(Peak) and also annexing the already acquired land of adjacent Chargaon (exhausted) OCP for better land management.
26 Ministry of Environment & Forests has issued Terms of Reference (TOR) vide letter dated As directed n the aforesaid TOR, this draft Environment Impact Assessment & Environmental Management Plan was prepared as per generic structure of the EIA Notification, 2006 submitted to Maharashtra Pollution Control Board for conduction of Public Hearing.The Public Hearing has been successfully completed on Now this final EIA/EMP has been prepared for submission to Ministry of Environment & Forests incorporating therein the minutes of the aforesaid Public Hearing and the compliance of the issues rose during the same. 1.2 JUSTIFICATION & LINKAGE It is observed from the long term production plan of WCL that Majri group of mines will have declining trend. Moreover, there is a general declining trend in coal production in WCL as a whole. In view of this, it is necessary to either open new projects or deepen the existing project to meet the increasing demand of coal. Juna- Kunada opencast project with capacity of 0.60 Mty and peak capacity of 1.20 Mty can partially bridge the gap between demand and supply of coal. Since the project would produce grade E coal, it would be linked to nearby power station, cement plant and other consumers already benefiting from Majri group of mines. 1.3 LOCATION & COMMUNICATION The proposed project is in Bhadravati tahsil of Chandrapur District, Maharashtra and situated about 135 km south of Nagpur. It is bounded by latitudes 20 deg to 20 deg N and longitudes 79 deg to 79 deg E and falls in Survey of India Topo Sheet No. 55 P/4. The existing all-weather approach to the project site is from Bhandak / Bhadravati town on Nagpur Chandrapur road by a partly metalled road upto Navin Kunada village which is about 1.8 km NE of the project. This approach crosses the main line of central railway at Vijasan. Nearest rail head is at Bhandak on the main line about 9 km from the project site. 1.4 PHYSIOGRAPHY & DRAINAGE The area has an undulating topography with altitude ranging between 180 m and m. A few seasonal nullahs flow towards South and West to join Wardha River which is the main drainage channel. High flood level of Wardha River as reported in the year 1979 New Majri Area is m. However, as per area s record due to heavy rains in 1994, the HFL has gone up from m to m. Most of the area of this block is below HFL of Wardha River.The area is covered by black cotton soil which is mixed with clay and sand. 1.4 CLIMATE :- The area is characterized by sub-tropical climate. The temperature during summer rises to as high as 49 o C but winters are generally pleasant with minimum temperature 8-10 o C. Average annual rainfall is about 1100 mm. Maximum recorded precipitation in a day is 146 mm in Baseline Environmental data has been generated.
27 1.5 SOURCES OF DATA This report has been formulated using various data from the following sources: Sl. No. Type of Data Sources 1 Mining and economic PR prepared by CMPDIL and parameters and other Field data received from Majri miscellaneous data Area, WCL. Environmental data including Routine monitoring data 2 meteorological data, air generated by CMPDI, RI IV, quality, dust fall rate, water Nagpur & baseline data quality and noise level data. generated in the immediate surroundings. 3 Socio-economic study & Land Census data & base line Socio - use/cover mapping buffer Economic survey is being done zone. by outside agency. 4 Flora and fauna Flora & fauna study done by outside agency. 5 Surface hydrology and CMPDIL, RI- IV, Nagpur. hydrogeology 6 Meteorological data Meteorological data 7 Land use/cover mapping core zone. generated by outside agency. As per State Govt. Record, data supplied by the concerned WCL area office.