Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes

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1 Annex IV Methods of Monitoring and Analysis Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes (Also Please Refer CPCB Guidelines on Methods of Monitoring and Analysis) Annex IV Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks A. Air Environment Network Frequenc y Meteorological IS 5182 Part 1-20 Wind speed Wind direction Dry bulb temperature Minimum 1 site in the project impact area 1 hourly continuous Mechanical/a utomatic weather station Site specific primary data is essential Wet bulb temperature Relative humidity Rainfall Rain gauge Secondary data from IMD, New Delhi

2 Solar radiation Cloud cover Environmental Lapse Rate As per IMD specifications As per IMD specifications CPCB guidelines Pollutants SPM 10 to 15 locations in the project impact area 24 hourly twice a week (Please refer RPM National Ambient Air Quality Standards, CPCB SO 2 Notificatio n dated 11 th April, 1994) Mini Sonde/SODA R Gravimetric (High- Volume) Gravimetric (High- Volume with Cyclone) EPA Modified West & Gaeke method Monitoring Network Minimum 2 locations in upwind side, more sites in downwind side / impact zone All the sensitive receptors need to be covered Measurement Methods

3 NO x Arsenite modified Jacob & Hochheiser CO 8 hourly twice a week H 2 S* 24 hourly twice a week NDIR technique Methyleneblue NH* 3 Nessler s method HC* Infra Red analyser Fluoride* Specific Ion meter Pb* As per CPCB standards for NAQM, 1994 *Project Specific Note: For Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment one complete season data except monsoon is adequate while the comprehensive Environmental Impact Assessment Resources coverage of three seasons Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes

4 Attributes Sampling Measurement Method B. Noise Network Frequency Hourly equivalent noise levels Hourly equivalent noise levels Hourly equivalent noise levels Peak particle velocity Identified study area Inplant (1.5 metre from machinery) Highways m from blast site Once in each season Instrument : Noise level meter Once Instrument : Noise level meter Once in each Instrument : Noise season level meter Once PPV meter Remarks IS: as adopted by CPCB CPCB/OSHA CPCB/IS: C. Water Parameters for water quality ph, temp, turbidity, magnesium hardness, total alkalinity, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, fluoride, sodium, potassium, salinity Total nitrogen, total phosphorus, DO, BOD, COD, Phenol Set of grab samples during pre and postmonsoon for ground and surface water for 10 km distance Diurnal and Season wise Samples for water quality should be collected and analysed as per : IS : 2488 (Part 1-5) methods for sampling and testing of Industrial effluents Standard methods for examination of water and

5 Heavy metals Total coliforms, faecal coliforms wastewater analysis published by American Public Health Association. Phyto plankton Zoo plankton Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks For River Bodies Network Frequency Total Carbon ph Dissolved Oxygen Biological Oxygen Demand Standard methodology for collection of surface water (BIS standards) At least one Yield of water sources to be measured during critical season River Stretch within project area be divided in grids (say 1 km length and 1/3 width) and samples should be from each grid at a time when the wastewater discharged by other sources of pollution is expected Samples for water quality should be collected and analysed as per : IS : 2488 (Part 1-5) methods for sampling and testing of Industrial effluents Standard methods for Data should be collected from relevant offices such as central water commission, state and central ground water board,

6 Free NH 4 Boron Sodium Absorption Ratio grab sample per location per season to be maximum examination of water and wastewater analysis published by American Public Health Association. Irrigation dept. Electrical Conductivity Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks Network Frequency Parameters for wastewater characterisation Temp, colour, odour, turbidity, TSS, TDS ph, alkalinity as CaCO 3, p value, M value, total hardness as CaCO 3, chloride as Cl sulphate as SO 4, Nitrate as N O 3, Fluoride as F, Phosphate as PO 4, Chromium as Cr. In plant sources Grab and composite sampling Diurnal and season wise variation Samples for water quality should be collected and analysed as per : IS : 2488 (Part 1-5) methods for sampling and testing of Industrial effluents Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater analysis published by American Public Health All plant sources categorised as : Process wastewater ETP wastewater Domestic/sanitary wastewater

7 (Hexavalent, total) Ammonical Nitrogen as N, TKN, % sodium, BOD at 20 C, COD, DO, total residual chlorine as Cl 2, oil and grease, sulphide, phenolic compound Association. Contd...

8 Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks Network Frequency D. Land Environment Soil Particle size distribution Texture ph One surface sample from each village, (soil samples be collected as per BIS specifications) Seasonwise Collected and analysed as per soil analysis reference book, M.I.Jackson and soil analysis reference book by C.A. Black Electrical conductivity Cation exchange capacity Alkali metals Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) Permeability Water holding capacity Porosity

9 Land use/landscape Location code Total project area Topography Drainage (natural) Cultivated, forest, plantations, water bodies, roads and settlements At least 20 points along the boundary Global positioning system Topo sheets Satellite Imageries* (1:25,000) Satellite Imageries* (1:25,000) *Project specific Contd...

10 Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Solid Waste Domestic Waste Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks Per capita contribution Network Frequency Grab and composite samples Seasonwise Guidelines IS 9569 : 1980 Collection, transport and disposal system Process waste Quality (oily, chemical, biological) Quality Loss on heating Grab and composite samples Seasonwise IS : 1983 IS : 1989 IS : 1989 IS (PTI) 1989 Analysis IS 9334 : 1979 ph IS 9235 : 1979 EC IS : 1982 Calorific value, metals etc.

11 Hazardous Waste Permeability and porosity Moisture ph Electrical conductivity Loss on ignition Phosphorous Total nitrogen Cation exchange capacity Particle size distribution Heavy metal Arsenic Fluoride Grab and composite samples Analysis IS 9334 : 1979 IS 9235 : 1979 IS : 1982 Contd...

12 Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks Network Frequency E. Biological Environment Aquatic Primary productivity Aquatic weeds Enumeration of phyto plankton, zoo plankton and benthos Fisheries Diversity indices Trophic levels Rare and endangered species Marine Parks/ Sanctuaries/ closed areas /coastal regulation zone Considering probable impact, sampling points and number of samples to be decided on personal judgement within 10/25 km radius from the proposed site Samples to collect from upstream and downstream of discharge point, nearby tributaries at down stream, and also from dug wells close to activity site Season wise Standard techniques (APHA et. al. 1995, Rau and Wooten 1980) to be followed for sampling and measurement Seasonal sampling for aquatic biota One season for terrestrial biota, in addition to vegetation studies during monsoon season Preliminary assessment Microscopic analysis of plankton and me bents, studies of macro fauna, aquatic vegetation and application of indices, viz. Shannon, similarity, dominance IVI etc. Point quarter plot less method for terrestrial vegetation survey

13 (CRZ) Terrestrial Vegetation-species list, economic importance, forest produce, medicinal value Importance value index (IVI) of trees Fauna Contd...

14 Guidance for assessment of representativeness and reliability of baseline environmental attributes Attributes Sampling Measurement Method Remarks Avi fauna Rare and endangered species Sanctuaries / National park / Biosphere reserve Migratory routes Network Frequency For forest studies, direction of wind should be considered while selecting forests Secondary data to collect from Government offices, NGOs, published literature Plankton net Sediment dredge Depth sampler Microscope Field binocular F. socio-economic Demographic structure Infrastructure resource base Economic resource base Socio-economic survey is based on proportionate, stratified and random sampling method Minimum for two phases of the project Primary data collection through questionnaire Secondary data from census records, statistical hard books, topo sheets, health records and relevant official records available with Govt. agencies Health status : Morbidity pattern

15 Cultural and aesthetic attributes Education

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