CCR Biology - Chapter 10 Practice Test - Summer 2012

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1 Name: Class: Date: CCR Biology - Chapter 10 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is the term for a feature that allows an organism to survive better in its environment? a. variation b. adaptation c. homologous structure d. vestigial structure 2. All the individuals of a species that live in a particular area are called a a. variation. b. fossil. c. population. d. group. 3. The remnant of an organ that had a function in an early ancestor is known as a(n) a. vestigial structure. b. analogous structure. c. homologous structure. d. fossil structure. 4. What observations did Charles Darwin make about finches in the Galápagos Islands? a. The same species of finches lived on all the islands. b. Different species of finches lived on different islands. c. Various species of finches lived on just one of the islands. d. Identical species of finches lived in South America. 5. Which scientist developed a classification system for organisms? a. Carolus Linnaeus b. Charles Darwin c. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck d. Georges L.L. de Buffon 1

2 Name: 6. The tortoise from Abingdon Island, shown in Figure 10.1, would likely be better adapted than the Albermarle Island tortoise to which of the following environments? a. areas with short plants and mosses b. areas with no plants and sand dunes c. areas with lots of taller plants d. areas with only tall trees 7. Which theory states that floods and earthquakes have occurred often in Earth's history? a. uniformitarianism b. natural selection c. catastrophism d. artificial selection 8. The hind leg bones shown in the whale in Figure 10.2 are examples of a. homologous structures. b. analogous structures. c. fossil structures. d. vestigial structures. 9. Charles Darwin found fossils that looked like ancient versions of living species. From this evidence Darwin suggested that Earth was a. much more than 6000 years old. b. less than 6000 years old. c. only 6000 years old. d. about 1000 years old. 10. What is the process in which humans breed organisms for certain traits? a. natural selection b. inheritance of acquired characteristics c. artificial selection d. descent without modification 2

3 Name: 11. Individuals that are well adapted to their environment will survive and produce a. fewer mutations. b. more offspring. c. stronger genes. d. better traits. 12. Natural selection results in change over time by acting on traits that are a. heritable. b. new. c. mutated. d. better. 13. What is the study of the distribution of organisms around the world? a. paleontology b. geography c. geology d. biogeography 14. Fossil evidence shows that structures considered vestigial in living organisms a. are not found in ancient organisms. b. have always been vestigial. c. were useful to their ancestors. d. do not fill gaps in the fossil record. 15. Which theory ties the fields of biology and geology together? a. evolution b. uniformitarianism c. catastrophism d. gradualism 16. The beak types of different Galápagos finch species are examples of a. analogous structures. b. vestigial structures. c. fossils. d. adaptations. 17. All the bald eagles in an area is an example of a(n) a. population. b. fossil. c. species. d. individual. 18. Charles Lyell developed a theory that states that geologic processes that shaped Earth in the past have stayed the same throughout time. This is the theory of a. uniformitarianism. b. evolution. c. catastrophism. d. adaptation. 3

4 Name: 19. The false idea that a high-jumper who trains to become a champion will have descendants who can jump exceptionally high is known as the a. theory of uniformitarianism. b. principle of gradualism. c. process of artificial selection. d. inheritance of acquired characteristics. 20. The variations in the features of the tortoise populations on Albemarle and Abingdon islands, shown in Figure 10.1, are examples of a. vestigial structures. b. molecular fingerprinting. c. acquired characteristics. d. natural selection. 21. The small, non-functional pelvic bones of a boa constrictor are examples of a. homologous structures. b. vestigial structures. c. fossil structures. d. analogous structures. 22. In the Galápagos Islands, Charles Darwin saw different species of finch on different islands. This led him to theorize that species a. create their own environment. b. can adapt to their environment. c. choose their best environment. d. are found in many environments. 23. Charles Darwin discovered fossils of huge animals that resembled modern animals. This led him to conclude that the age of Earth was a. less than 6000 years. b. just 1000 years. c. much more than 6000 years. d. exactly 6000 years. 4

5 Name: 24. Which of the following lists the four main principles of the theory of natural selection? a. adaptation, inheritance of acquired characteristics, overproduction, variation b. adaptation, inheritance of acquired characteristics, heritability, variation c. adaptation, descent with modification, heritability, variation d. adaptation, descent with modification, overproduction, variation 25. Dog breeds, such as beagles, Border collies, and German shepherds, were produced by the process of a. natural selection. b. artificial selection. c. descent without modification. d. inheritance of acquired characteristics. 26. As an environment changes, and some organisms have a higher fitness than others, natural selection acts directly on a. existing variations. b. genetic material. c. acquired traits. d. individual organisms. 27. The hind leg bones shown in the whale in Figure 10.2 are a. fossil structures from an extinct ancestor. b. structures analogous to the wings of an early ancestor. c. vestigial structures that functioned in an early ancestor. d. homologous structures to the wings of flying insects. 28. If two species have similar DNA sequences, it would indicate that they a. share a common ancestor. b. are not closely related. c. will have similar fitness. d. have no evolutionary relationship. 29. What evidence for a past evolutionary relationship can be seen in different groups of vertebrates? a. different features in early stages of embryos b. totally different protein sequences c. similar features in early stages of embryos d. no homologous structures in their anatomy 30. The DNA sequences of whales and ungulates, or hooved animals, are very similar. What type of evidence of evolution is this? a. vestigial b. molecular c. embryological d. fossil 5

6 CCR Biology - Chapter 10 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_14 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 2. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_22 STA: KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_30 TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 4. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_62 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 5. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_46 STA: KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_38 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_54 TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_70 TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 9. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_79 STA: KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 10. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_87 STA: KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 11. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_95 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 12. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_103 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 13. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_111 TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 1

7 14. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_119 TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 15. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e147_127 STA: KY KY KY KY KY TOP: Ch 10 Test - A 16. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_14 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY 17. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_22 STA: KY ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_46 STA: KY ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_ ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_38 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY 21. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_ ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_62 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY 23. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_79 STA: KY KY ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_95 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY 25. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_87 STA: KY KY ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_103 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY KY 27. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_70 2

8 28. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_111 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY 29. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_ ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level B REF: act0976aaf18007e148_127 STA: KY KY KY KY KY KY 3

9 CCR Biology - Chapter 10 Practice Test - Summer 2012 [Answer Strip] _ C 6. _ B 11. _ D 19. _ D 24. _ B 1. _ A 12. _ D 20. _ B 25. _ C 2. _ D 13. _ A 26. _ A 3. _ C 7. _ C 14. _ C 27. _ B 4. _ D 8. _ A 15. _ B 21. _ A 5. _ D 16. _ B 22. _ A 28. _ A 9. _ A 17. _ C 29. _ C 23. _ C 10. _ A 18. _ B 30.

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