Rome and the Rise of Christianity. From Republic to Empire

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Rome and the Rise of Christianity. From Republic to Empire"

Transcription

1 Rome and the Rise of Christianity From Republic to Empire

2 Growing Inequality and Unrest 2nd Century B.C. Senate governed Rome Mostly landed aristocracy Controlled by a small group of wealth, powerful families

3 Growing Inequality and Unrest 2nd Century B.C. Small farmers Traditionally backbone of army their loyalty was to the state Now lost land to large, wealthy landowners Formed a new urban class of landless poor Rome suffered growing economic & social unrest

4 Growing Inequality and Unrest Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus Reform minded aristocrats Believed the fall of the small farmer was the problem Called for laws giving land back to the landless poor 133 B.C. a group of senators killed Tiberius Gaius killed later Unrest continued

5 Growing Inequality and Unrest Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus

6 Growing Inequality and Unrest General Sulla Next general to wield great political power Commander of Asia Minor The Council for the Plebs had tried to give Marius the command

7 Growing Inequality and Unrest General Sulla Civil War broke out Sulla won by seizing Rome in 82 B.C. Tried to restore a traditional Roman Republic Restored power to the Senate Took away power from the popular assemblies Sulla s example of seizing power would be repeated

8 Discussion Question History often shows a conflict between rural and urban parts of a society. Many people have argued that society is better or worse as rural or urban. In early American history, for example, and in line with the Gracchus bros., Thomas Jefferson argued that society and the economy of the U.S. should be based on small farming. He believed that farming led to certain healthy character traits and that urban life led to vice. Are there virtues and vices that tend to apply to rural life and others to urban life? What are they?

9 Collapse of the Republic Civil Wars raged from B.C. First Triumvirate 60 B.C. Crassus wealthy Julius Caesar & Pompey military commanders & heroes Each had a military command

10 Collapse of the Republic First Triumvirate 60 B.C.

11 Collapse of the Republic Crassus killed Senate decided rule by Pompey would be best Senate ordered Julius Caesar to give up his command He refused Crossed the Rubicon River and entered Italy illegally

12 Collapse of the Republic Crossed the Rubicon River and entered Italy illegally

13 Collapse of the Republic Caesar defeated Pompey & became dictator in 45 B.C. Gave land to the poor Expanded the Senate to 900 members Filled the Senate with his supporters Assassinated by a group of leading senators in 44 B.C.

14 Collapse of the Republic 2nd Triumvirate

15 Collapse of the Republic 2nd Triumvirate Octavian & Antony divided the Roman world between them Octavian took the west Antony took the east Came into conflict

16 Collapse of the Republic 2nd Triumvirate

17 Collapse of the Republic Antony & Cleopatra Antony allied with Egypt Fell in love with Cleopatra VII Octavian defeated them at the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C. Antony & Cleopatra fled to Egypt and committed suicide one year later End of Roman Republic and the civil wars

18 Discussion Question Commenting of Rome s civil strive, the 1 st century B.C. Roman historian Sallust states the lust for money (greed) and the lust for power (extreme ambition) were the roots of all evils. Is Sallust correct about the effects of greed and extreme ambition?

19 The Age of Augustus Octavian proclaimed the restoration of the Republic in 27 B.C. Gave only some power to the Senate Became Rome s 1st emperor Awarded title of Augustus the revered one

20 The Age of Augustus Augustus Popular Army was his chief source of power Senate gave him title of Imperator commander in chief

21 The Age of Augustus Augustus army 28 legions of 5,000 troops each Only citizens could be in the legions Non-citizens could serve in auxiliary forces 130,000 Established praetorian guard 9,000 men Protect the emperor

22 The Age of Augustus Stabilized Rome s frontier & conquered new areas German warriors wiped out 3 Roman legions Defeat taught Augustus that Rome s power was limited

23 Discussion Question Why did Augustus feel the need to establish a special, very large guard to protect the emperor?

24 The Early Empire A.D. 14 to 180 After Augustus, the emperor was allowed to pick his successor from his family adopted or natural 1st four emperors after Augustus were from his family: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero The emperor became more powerful & more corrupt

25 The Early Empire Good Emperors 2nd Century A.D. Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, & Marcus Aurelius Created a time of peace & posterity known as Pax Romana Stopped arbitrary executions, respected the ruling class, & maintained peace

26 The Early Empire Took more power from the Senate Appointed & directed officials to run the government Adopted capable men into their families as their successors Instituted programs to educate the poor Oversaw wide-spread building projects aqueducts, bridges, roads, & harbors

27 The Early Empire Expansion of empire Under Trajan expanded to Dacia (Romania), Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula Hadrian realized the empire was getting too large to rule Withdrew from Mesopotamia Strengthen fortification between the Rhine & Danube Rivers Built Hadrian s Wall in northern Britain to keep out the Picts and the Scots

28 The Early Empire Expansion of empire Hadrian s Wall in northern Britain built to keep out the Picts and the Scots

29 The Early Empire 2nd Century Empire 3.5 million square miles 50 million people Imperial government helped unify by acknowledging local customs & granting Roman citizenship In A.D. 212 the emperor Caracalla gave Roman citizenship to all free people in the empire

30 The Early Empire

31 The Early Empire Greco-Roman civilization Cities important to spread of Roman culture, Roman law, & the Latin language in the western part of the empire Greek was used in the east Mixture resulted in the Greco-Roman

32 The Early Empire Early Empire prosperous Internal peace helped trade grow Trade went beyond frontiers including silk from China Grain imported to feed the poor Luxury items for the wealthy

33 The Early Empire Farming remained basis of Rome s prosperity & work of most of the people Latifundia landed estates dominated farming Slave labor raised cattle & sheep on estates Many small peasant farms Small farmers depended on huge estates

34 The Early Empire Farming remained basis of Rome s prosperity & work of most of the people Huge gap between rich & poor Wealthy lived extravagant lives 1000s of unemployed depended on the emperor s handouts of grain to survive

35 Discussion Question Lord Acton of Britain ( ) wrote, Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. The first emperors of the Early Empire confirm this view of absolute power. Is the view true? If so, why? If not, why not/

The Rise of the Roman Empire

The Rise of the Roman Empire The Rise of the Roman Empire The Republic Collapses Many or Rome s rich landowners lived on huge estates. These estates were worked by slaves-many of whom were captured peoples from various wars. Small

More information

The Spread of Roman Power

The Spread of Roman Power The Spread of the Roman Republic The Spread of Roman Power Roman legions fight to expand the empire Controlled central Italy by 390 BC Were defeated an had Rome destroyed by the Gauls They rebuilt and

More information

Rome Becomes an Empire. Pre-AP World History Chapter 6.2 (pages )

Rome Becomes an Empire. Pre-AP World History Chapter 6.2 (pages ) Rome Becomes an Empire Pre-AP World History Chapter 6.2 (pages 146-150) The Big Picture Angry poor people, power-hungry generals, and ambitious politicians threatened the Roman Republic. There was a widening

More information

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7 Unit 4 The Romans Chapter 7 Rise of Rome Land and Peoples of Rome Apennine Mountains Rome Crossroads of the Mediterranean Latins, Etruscans and Greeks Rise of Rome The Roman Republic Etruscan kings overthrown

More information

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the ª Weakening Republic-had lasted 400 years ª Soldiers have no land ª Republic out growing itself ª Bureaucracy - nobles to big (greed) ª Reform needed???? 1 Birth of the ª 2

More information

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome Chapter 5 Ancient Rome The Latins settled near the Tiber River around 750 B.C. and established the city of Rome a short time later. They borrowed many ideas from the Phoenician and Greek civilizations

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE)

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE) WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE - 500 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that

More information

Rise of Octavian. Octavian the unchallenged ruler of Rome; Accepted the title of Augustus (exalted one); Retained title imperator(supreme commander);

Rise of Octavian. Octavian the unchallenged ruler of Rome; Accepted the title of Augustus (exalted one); Retained title imperator(supreme commander); The Roman Empire After Caesar s death Civil war broke out again and destroyed what was left of the Republic; Three of Caesar s supporters banded together to crush the assassins; Caesar s grandnephew and

More information

Tuesday s bell-ringer. Get a textbook. Open it to page 132. Write down the vocabulary terms and define them in your notes.

Tuesday s bell-ringer. Get a textbook. Open it to page 132. Write down the vocabulary terms and define them in your notes. Tuesday s bell-ringer Get a textbook. Open it to page 132. Write down the vocabulary terms and define them in your notes. CHAPTER 6; SECTION 2 From republic to empire Setting the scene After the Romans

More information

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided.

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. Section 1 The Roman Republic The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. 1. What characterizes a republic as a form of government? 2. What were the differences

More information

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE Notes I. Later Conquests A. 50 BC - Rome conquered all of Mediterranean region 1. Including Greece and Macedonia I. Later Conquests B. How? 1. Will of the people, loyalty to republic

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS BOARD QUESTIONS WHY WERE THE GRACCHUS BROTHERS KILLED? WHO WAS MARIUS? WHY IS SULLA IMPORTANT? WHO WAS IN THE FIRST TRIUMVIRATE? WHO WAS IN THE SECOND TRIUMVIRATE? TERMS

More information

Chapter 13: The Rise of Rome Lesson 3: Rome Becomes an Empire p Main Ideas Government: Government: Government:

Chapter 13: The Rise of Rome Lesson 3: Rome Becomes an Empire p Main Ideas Government: Government: Government: Name Hour Date Chapter 13: The Rise of Rome Lesson 3: Rome Becomes an Empire p. 442 449 Main Ideas Government: Angry, poor people, power- hungry generals, and ambitious politicians threatened the Roman

More information

14 1 The Roman Empire HFM-History-InitialDraft-July2015.indd 14 8/11/15 3:46 PM

14 1 The Roman Empire HFM-History-InitialDraft-July2015.indd 14 8/11/15 3:46 PM 14 1 The Roman Empire The last hundred years of the Roman Republic was a period of chaos and upheaval. Generals marched their troops on the city of Rome demanding power, there were civil wars and assassinations.

More information

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE Name SETTING THE STAGE As Rome enlarged its territory, its republican form of government grew increasingly unstable. Eventually, the Roman Republic gave way to the formation of a

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire I will be able to analyze the political and social institutions of the Roman Republic. I will then be able determine and collaboratively, depict how and why Rome

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C.

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C. Lesson 1 The Founding of Rome ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What effect did geography have on the rise of Roman civilization? 2. How did Rome

More information

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Rome began as a small village and became the seat of power of one of the greatest empires the world has known. The Romans were greatly influenced

More information

Inference Roman Republic

Inference Roman Republic Inference Roman Republic World History Unit 3, Lesson 2 Inference The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true. Inference: The act or process of deriving

More information

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes 1 Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes Blackline Master Quizzes for Ancient Rome: Reexamined Program One - The Rise of the Roman Republic Blackline Master 1A Quiz Please circle the best answer

More information

Chapter 12: The Roman World

Chapter 12: The Roman World Overview of Roman Drama we owe a great debt to the Romans in terms of culture, language, politics, DNA and also theatre, but only in certain ways Greek terms: theatre, drama, tragedy, comedy, critic, theory,

More information

Civil War in Rome and the End of the Roman Republic. Student Handouts, Inc.

Civil War in Rome and the End of the Roman Republic. Student Handouts, Inc. Civil War in Rome and the End of the Roman Republic Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Tiberius Gracchus and Land Reform The lower classes (plebeians) were suffering. 133 BCE Tiberius Gracchus

More information

Change of the Roman Empire. By: Kathryn Kenney, Laura Kerr, Aaron Kleinman, Halle Kuszmar, Cal Leveroni, Simone Likterov

Change of the Roman Empire. By: Kathryn Kenney, Laura Kerr, Aaron Kleinman, Halle Kuszmar, Cal Leveroni, Simone Likterov Change of the Roman Empire By: Kathryn Kenney, Laura Kerr, Aaron Kleinman, Halle Kuszmar, Cal Leveroni, Simone Likterov Introduction Main Ideas: Roman Empire changed the Roman government, society, and

More information

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic 509 BC - 30 BC Section 1: The Government * Head of Roman Republic = - were administrators & - had the power to = * Senate - 300 men - chosen - handled - discussed ways to

More information

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY Every male property owning citizen Service was for 16 years Infantry and Cavalry Brutal but effective discipline LEGIONS 5000 infantry men Strong personal

More information

9/22/2011. Learning Target: To understand the review impact of the Roman Empire and Greece on history: take a senteo quiz.

9/22/2011. Learning Target: To understand the review impact of the Roman Empire and Greece on history: take a senteo quiz. Learning Target: To understand the review impact of the Roman Empire and Greece on history: take a senteo quiz. Rome Intro 1 Italy in 750 BCE 2 Early Civilization -Italy was originally occupied by many

More information

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world?

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm Up Question: On the cartoon on the next slide, identify

More information

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy You are about to go back in time to a place called Ancient Rome! As you move back

More information

Note Taking Study Guide THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE

Note Taking Study Guide THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE SECTION 1 Note Taking Study Guide THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Focus Question: What values formed the basis of Roman society and government? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the flowchart

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information

The Rise of Ancient Rome

The Rise of Ancient Rome 1 Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Section 2 The Roman Empire Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Just when you thought an Empire couldn t get any

More information

The Gracchus Brothers

The Gracchus Brothers The Gracchus Brothers (Tiberius and Gaius) The rise, and eventual assassination of the Gracchus brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, is often considered the first step towards the fall of the Roman Republic.

More information

Assessment: From Republic to Empire

Assessment: From Republic to Empire Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: From Republic to Empire 1. Which of the following did Rome do during the first period of expansion, before 264 B.C.E.?

More information

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by Ancient Rome Geography I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with Like Greece, Italy is a a. Surrounded by water from the, and b. North is blocked by I Italy is divided in half by IV. Area

More information

Roman Britain Julius Caesar. For Early Learners 1

Roman Britain Julius Caesar. For Early Learners   1 For Early Learners www.staidenshomeschool.com www.staidenshomeschool.com 1 Julius Caesar is no doubt the most famous Roman of them all! He conquered Gaul in a brilliant campaign which is still used in

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic The city of Rome was founded by the Latin people on a river in the center

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Look up the vocabulary terms in the word bank in a dictionary. For each term, write the dictionary definition that is closest to the definition used in your textbook. constitution

More information

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY POWER Roman Republic- Government in which officials were chosen by the people Senate- A council of nobles that passed laws and handled foreign affairs Patrician- The landholding

More information

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Name: Hour Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Chapter 6 Section 1; The Roman Republic (p. 155) Origins of Rome 1. Who were Romulus & Remus and what did they do? Rome s Geography 2. How

More information

Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Rome and the Rise of Christianity Rome and the Rise of Christianity Key Events 600 B.C. A.D. 500 As you read, look for the key events in the history of Rome and early Christianity. Romans overthrew the last Etruscan king and established

More information

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Chapter: 4 Essential Questions 1) How did the Romans unify the Italian Peninsula despite wars & internal struggles of plebeians vs. patricians for political

More information

Decline in Morals and Values

Decline in Morals and Values Barbarian Invasions The Rhine and Danube Rivers marked the border of the empire. Large numbers of German tribes lived on this border to the Roman Empire. The Romans allowed peaceful tribes to settle along

More information

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence.

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence. Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 CHAPTER OVERVIEW: The Romans make a republic in Italy and rise to power, but the internal struggle for control of their growing strength

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The center of Mediterranean civilization shifted from Greece and its Hellenistic successor states to Rome, in part because of the skill and organization

More information

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land?

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? 1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? Cities by rivers On top of hills for defense Alps Mountains Apennines

More information

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers 1. Describe the geography of Italy. In geography terms, Italy is a peninsula. It has a rugged landscape with many mountains and hills. It is surrounded

More information

From Republic to Empire

From Republic to Empire From Republic to Empire The Big Idea After changing from a republic to an empire, Rome grew politically and economically and developed a culture that influenced later civilizations. Main Ideas Disorder

More information

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 1 Lesson 1: Objectives The students will be able to explain how the Romans borrowed ideas from other cultures The students will be able to explain the importance

More information

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Lesson 11.1 The Founding of Rome I. The Beginning of Rome The Romans learned from surrounding and used their new knowledge to build a empire. Roman rule

More information

Age of Augustus Crossword

Age of Augustus Crossword Age of Augustus Crossword 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Across 1) Augustus Caesar s reign was the Age of Rome. 2) The Roman Empire stretched to Britain and the Danube and Rivers. 3) controlled by Roman

More information

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G The Roman World Takes Shape Chapter 6, Section 1 Geography of Italy Boot-shaped peninsula in the central Mediterranean Rome is located in

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors BC 27 AUGUSTUS Augustus was the first Emperor of Rome. His name was Octavian before he became emperor, and changed it to Augustus in 27 BC. He came out on top after years of civil war that followed the

More information

Julius Caesar. Who fought in the civil war?

Julius Caesar. Who fought in the civil war? Civil War At the same time, generals who had conquered other lands became ambitious for power at home. They hired poor farmers to serve under them as soldiers. Increasingly, these soldiers shifted their

More information

The Mighty Roman Empire

The Mighty Roman Empire The Mighty Roman Empire The City of Rome Rome was founded around 753 b.c. How did it start? A story says that two brothers were raised by a wolf. Their names were Romulus (RAWMyuh-luhs) and Remus (REEmuhs).

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY ATAR YEAR 12 UNIT 3 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 133 63 BC UNIT 4 ELECTIVE 3: ROME 63 BC AD 14 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2015 This document apart from

More information

Cornell Notes. Divide the paper into three sections. Draw a dark line about 5 or 6 lines from the bottom.

Cornell Notes. Divide the paper into three sections. Draw a dark line about 5 or 6 lines from the bottom. CORNELL NOTES Cornell Notes Divide the paper into three sections. Draw a dark line about 5 or 6 lines from the bottom. Draw a dark vertical line about 2 inches from the left side of the paper from the

More information

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE.

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. A. COMPARE THE ORIGINS AND STRUCTURE OF THE GREEK POLIS,

More information

Meeting People. Julius Caesar. (jool yuhs SEE zuhr) Octavian (ahk TAY vee uhn) Antony (AN tuh nee) Cicero (SIH suh ROH) Augustus (aw GUHS tuhs)

Meeting People. Julius Caesar. (jool yuhs SEE zuhr) Octavian (ahk TAY vee uhn) Antony (AN tuh nee) Cicero (SIH suh ROH) Augustus (aw GUHS tuhs) Fall of the The Fall Republic What s the Connection? By the end of the Third Punic War, Rome ruled the Mediterranean world. All was not well, however. Closer to home, the republic faced increasing dangers

More information

5 1 Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome

5 1 Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome CONTENTS 5 Maps xi Figures xiii Plates xv Preface to the Second Edition xvii Preface to the First Edition xix Acknowledgments xxi Notes to the Reader xxiii 5 1 Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome Italy

More information

Focus Question: What values formed the basis of Roman society and government?

Focus Question: What values formed the basis of Roman society and government? Focus Question: What values formed the basis of Roman society and government? As you read this section, complete the flowchart below to identify causes and effects of important events during the Roman

More information

Lesson 12. The Roman Empire

Lesson 12. The Roman Empire I.E.S LA ESCRIBANA 1º E.S.O. Sección Bilingüe Lesson 12 The Roman Empire I.E.S. LA ESCRIBANA 1º E.S.O. Lesson 12: The Roman Empire THE ORIGINS OF ROME AND THE MONARCHY In the second millenium BC. the Latins

More information

Name CHAPTER 7 STUDY GUIDE THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND ITS LEGACY

Name CHAPTER 7 STUDY GUIDE THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND ITS LEGACY CHAPTER 7 STUDY GUIDE THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND ITS LEGACY Name The purpose of this study guide is to help you prepare for our upcoming test. It is not considered homework. It will not be collected or graded.

More information

Rome: From Village to Empire

Rome: From Village to Empire Rome: From Village to Empire Topography and Geography Like Greece, Italy is a mountainous peninsula Apennines & Alps Fertile plains in the north below the Alps Favorable climate, fertile land and constant

More information

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Identify the role of geography played in Italy s and Rome s development Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic Explain the Conflict of the

More information

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3)

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3) 1 Name Date 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in

More information

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity Aim: The Roman Empire Question: Why 2 consuls? More to learn on this later! I. Roman Republic A. Rome located at heart of Italy B. At first Rome ruled by patricians (noble men) 2 consuls, 300 senators

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The stability that typified certain aspects of Chinese and Indian cultures was not present in the Mediterranean. The center of Mediterranean civilization

More information

STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER NINE THE ANCIENT ROMANS. What civilization on the Italian peninsula came before the Roman Republic?

STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER NINE THE ANCIENT ROMANS. What civilization on the Italian peninsula came before the Roman Republic? Know the map information for the exam. Retell the legend of Rome's beginning STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER NINE THE ANCIENT ROMANS What civilization on the Italian peninsula came before the Roman Republic? The book

More information

ROME JEOPARDY I. People Vocabulary Government Monuments. More People

ROME JEOPARDY I. People Vocabulary Government Monuments. More People ROME JEOPARDY I People Vocabulary Government Monuments More People 100 200 100 200 100 100 100 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 600 600 600 600 600 People 100 Two

More information

Introduction What Is Differentiation?...4 How to Differentiate Using This Product...5 General Information About the Student Populations...

Introduction What Is Differentiation?...4 How to Differentiate Using This Product...5 General Information About the Student Populations... Table of Contents Introduction What Is Differentiation?...4 How to Differentiate Using This Product...5 General Information About the Student Populations...6 8 Special Education Students...6 English Language

More information

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives Ancient Rome Unit Plan Name: Laura Johnson Unit Overview This unit will focus on Ancient Rome, the rise of the Roman Republic, the transition of that republic to an empire, and the fall of that empire.

More information

Lesson by: Cliff Hannon. Lesson: Decline of Rome and the Rise of the Empire Twitter PBL. Length: Four 45 minute periods

Lesson by: Cliff Hannon. Lesson: Decline of Rome and the Rise of the Empire Twitter PBL. Length: Four 45 minute periods Lesson by: Cliff Hannon Lesson: Decline of Rome and the Rise of the Empire Twitter PBL Length: Four 45 minute periods Grade Intended: World History and Civilization Academic Standards: WH.2.9 Describe

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350 The Growth of Civilizations 1. Classical Greece - 2100 BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD 500 3. The Americas 1000 BC AD 1500 4. Empires of China and India 350 BC AD 600 Rome and Early

More information

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance Geography and the Rise of Rome The Big Idea Main Ideas Rome s location and government helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the

More information

Roman Empire imovie Activity

Roman Empire imovie Activity be The Roman Republic Ch 6 sec 1. You will need to open your imovie application and make a Republic Dictator Hannibal Punic Wars Where did the ancient Romans develop their religious beliefs? Compare Rome

More information

Study Guide for Rome.

Study Guide for Rome. Government Type Democratic Principals Rights and Responsibilities compared to US citizens Study Guide for Rome. GOVERNMENT TARGETS TARGET: I can compare the source of power in this government to other

More information

Roman Empire Notes. What other civilization that we ve studied had an unprecedented time of peace & prosperity? What was it called?

Roman Empire Notes. What other civilization that we ve studied had an unprecedented time of peace & prosperity? What was it called? Roman Empire Notes Pax Romana The term means Roman Peace. It was an unprecedented time of &. What other civilization that we ve studied had an unprecedented time of peace & prosperity? What was it called?

More information

Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Rome and the Rise of Christianity Rome and the Rise of Christianity Marcus Aurelius Last of the 5 good emperor Died in 180 A.D. Conflict & confusion followed Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Marcus Aurelius Quotes The happiness of

More information

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline 509 BCE: Tarquin the Proud, the last king of Rome, was overthrown by a group of patricians upset over his abuse of power. The Roman Republic was proclaimed. 494 BCE:

More information

What goes UP, must come DOWN?

What goes UP, must come DOWN? What goes UP, must come DOWN? 27 B.C. 180 A.D. 44 B.C. Punic Wars 509 B.C. 476 A.D. 5 The Long Decline of the Roman Empire How did Roman emperors try to end the crisis in the empire? How did Hun invasions

More information

ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, BC

ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, BC ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ARCHAIC ROMAN CITY-STATE, 753-509 BC The site of the city of Rome had been inhabited since at least 1000 BC. For the first few centuries it was simply a collection of small farming villages

More information

Ancient Rome Unit Notes (WHI.6)

Ancient Rome Unit Notes (WHI.6) Name Ancient Rome Unit Notes (WHI.6) Geography of Ancient Rome (.6a) Influence of geography on Roman economic, social, and political development The city of Rome, with its central location on the Italian

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes The origins of Rome- Legend and History 2,000 years ago Rome was the capital of the Roman Empire. The construction of Rome

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire

Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire 1. Which of the following methods was commonly used to choose a new Roman emperor? A. selection by philosophers B. fighting among private armies C.

More information

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Think About As You Read 1. Where did the Roman Empire begin? 2. Why was Roman law important? 3. How were Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar good rulers for Rome? Terms,

More information

Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD

Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD LESSON 7 Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD Research questions 1. How did Rome become a Great Empire? 2. How did the Romans govern

More information

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense.

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense. Trial of Julius Caesar (An Alternate History) Instructions What if Julius Caesar had not been assassinated on the Ides of March 44 BCE? What if, instead, he had been arrested and put on trial for the destruction

More information

The Rise of the Roman Republic

The Rise of the Roman Republic In the Roman republic, elected senators debated and interpreted the laws. CHAPTER The Rise of the Roman Republic 33.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about Etruscan and Greek influences on

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. https://my.hrw.com/content/hmof/social_studies/hmhss/tx/gr9-12/world_history_ese_9780544333765_/book_pages/data/videos/video.html?shortvid=721404720001&longvid=721404720001_long&title=ancient%20rome:%20the%20mobile%20society

More information

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes**

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Name Period Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Rome continued to grow throughout the Republic Era Rome conquered people because they were threats to Rome o Gauls (French) conquered Rome in 387BCE

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME The Italian Peninsula and its settlement At the beginning the Italian Peninsula was inhabited by the Etruscans, the Latins, the Phoenicians and the Greeks. The Etruscans we do not know for

More information

The Roman Empire 41 BCE-476 CE

The Roman Empire 41 BCE-476 CE The Roman Empire 41 BCE-476 CE The Roman World The earliest of the Roman civilizations were the Etruscans. (Textbook to page 150.) With the fall of Hellenic influence, the Etruscans conquered all of the

More information

Chapter 6. The Roman Empire

Chapter 6. The Roman Empire Chapter 6 The Roman Empire The Age of Augustus Caesar (31 B.C. 14 A.D.) The Augustan Political Settlement Augustus, 27 B.C. 14 A.D. Princeps (First Citizen) Imperator Paterfamilias of Rome Duties: Defense

More information

The Gracchi and the Roman Revolution

The Gracchi and the Roman Revolution The Gracchi and the Roman Revolution Beginning with the Gracchi, the Political Turmoil of the Late Republic led to the death of aristocratic government What Was the Roman Revolution? Alföldi, Social and

More information

TruthQuest History Ancient Rome Notebooking Pages

TruthQuest History Ancient Rome Notebooking Pages A J T L Grades 5-up TruthQuest History Ancient Rome Notebooking Pages A Journey Through Learning Please check our website at: While there, sign up for our email newsletters and receive a FREE lapbook!

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY GENERAL YEAR 12

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY GENERAL YEAR 12 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE ANCIENT HISTORY GENERAL YEAR 12 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2015 This document apart from any third party copyright material contained in it may be freely

More information

Rome: Engineering an Empire

Rome: Engineering an Empire Rome: Engineering an Empire Watch the video and answer the following questions. Read the questions before the video starts! Do your own work; you will be given credit for your answers. You may write on

More information

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars Ancient Rome BCE-CE The Romans knew how to govern people, establish legal structures and construct roads that took them to the ends of their known world 1 Section 1 Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic

More information