To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward,

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward,"

Transcription

1 To what extent was Mao Zedong a successful leader, in respect to the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution? Ilyasah Shabazz IB History of the Americas HL Internal Assessment Mr. Weeks Word Count: 1,801 May 2010

2 Table of Contents Introduction... 2 Summary of Evidence... 2 Evaluation of Sources... 3 Analysis...4 Conclusion...5 Bibliography...6 1

3 Introduction Success can be defined as a trait of a person or event that achieves its intended purpose. During Mao Zedong s rule over China, the implementation of the Long March, his Five Year Plan, the Great Leap Forward, and Cultural Revolution has proved to have affected China socially, politically and economically, but was Mao a successful leader in respect to these policies? A leader, in respect to this investigation, is a dominating figure that uses his policies, movements, and declaration of war as tools for bettering his/her society along with gaining the support of his/her people, while keeping his goals clear throughout his rule. By investigating the success of Mao s reform movements, his ideology behind these policies will be analyzed, as well as the short and long-term effects of these policies. To understand the success of Mao s dictatorship, various book and internet sources discussing the purpose and expectations of Mao s reforms and what factors limited or aided a successful execution of his plans will be evaluated to strengthen an argument that will conclude that Mao was successful in gaining support, but he was not a successful leader. Summary of Evidence In , Mao Zedong and his followers eluded Chiang Kai-shek s army. Chiang Kai-shek was the nationalist leader of China prior to Mao Zedong. Kai-shek s army was pursued for thousands of miles in an event often referenced to as the Long March. 1 The Long March was a period of constant fighting that resulted in a daily number of casualties. Chiang Kai-shek and his supporters moved to Taiwan and in 1949, Mao declared main land China communist and renamed it the People s Republic of China(PRC). As leader of the PRC, Mao Zedong had power with followers and military strength. The people of China supported Mao because he symbolized the people. His dictatorship was declared a people s dictatorship and he wanted equality for all. 2 When beginning his reign over China, Mao accepted aid from the Soviet Union and modeled his Five Year Plan after that of Joseph Stalin s. The Five Year Plan set in motion a Soviet-style development strategy with an emphasis in industry that proved to be successful with economic growth. 3 Although Mao Zedong was esteemed for helping China s economy, he believed strongly in keeping the economy agriculturally based and began to break away from the Soviet Union due to their differing ideals. In order to compensate for the loss of Soviet aid, Mao Zedong initiated the Great Leap Forward (GLF). The GLF was Mao Zedong s plan to modernize China and catch up with the West. Mao wanted China to thrive and become the leading communist country over the Soviet Union. 4 The GLF emphasized agricultural and industrial development. This plan placed the 1 Michael Lynch. Mao. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, Roderick MarFarquhar, John K. Fairbank, and Denis Twitchett. Cambridge History of China: The People's Republic, Part 2 : Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution. Oakleigh: Cambridge University Press, Maurice J. Meisner. Mao's China and after: a history of the People's Republic. New York: The Free Press, Stuart Schram. Chairman Mao Talks To The People. London: Penguin Books, Ltd.,

4 population on communes to increase productivity and assist in industrialization; however, peasants were in a state of famine as a result and the economy became destabilized. China lacked the necessary natural resources to implement this plan and the economy suffered as a result. The failure of Mao s Great Leap Forward resulted in Lio Shaoqi, Mao s successor, hoping to ease Mao Zedong out of power. In 1962, Lio had a plan for peasants to make a market economy. This plan prompted Mao to reform China to its rural roots in fear of China evolving into a capitalist nation. Mao s Socialist Education Movement made all of China assist in agricultural reforms; however, Mao Zedong was challenged by political figures, as well as media sources. Mao Zedong responded with the Cultural Revolution (CR). The Cultural Revolution encompassed social, political, and economic changes. With this reform movement, Mao wanted to purify the PRC through radical transformation. 5 He wanted to remove all traces of Old China and its hierarchal bureaucracy and emphasis on inequality. Mao Zedong targeted youth, thus the Red Guard was established. The Red Guard was revolutionary youth who led a struggle against elite China. The Red Guard terrorized citizens, especially those who did not follow the party line. When the Red Guard began to turn violent, China went into a state of chaos. Along with the establishment of the Red Guard, Mao Zedong destroyed any remnants of imperialistic or bureaucratic China and closed down schools and universities. 6 An emphasis was placed on elementary education to give all people the ability to learn to read and write but destroy the inequalities that came with a greater knowledge. Evaluation of Sources China in the 20 th Century by Jules Archer examines the Long March, the Five-Year Plan, and the Great Leap Forward from the perspective of Mao and the people. Jules Archer is an American historian who writes on various leaders throughout the twentieth century, including Martin Luther King Jr., Ho Chi Minh and Mao Zedong. This book explores the conditions of China during the time of these reforms, making note to social, economic, and political changes, thus making it important to my investigation. Jules Archer gathered information from primary documents and found quotes from people in China throughout the 20 th century. This creates a more reliable source for investigating the success of Mao s dictatorship. Mao: A Reinterpretation by Lee Faigon argues that the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution were beneficial to China because it broke China away from its ties to the Soviet Union. Lee Faigon is an American scholar who writes on the early China revolutionary periods, including the time when Mao Zedong was in power. Faigon is a current professor at Colby College. This interpretive study sets out to disclaim criticisms of Mao that stated he was a Stalinist and only remained an innovative and independent thinker until 1949; however, he does not hold bias in his arguments. 5 L. Cheng, and A. So. "The Reestablishment of Sociology in the PRC." Annual Review of Sociology, 1983: Stuart Schram. Chairman Mao Talks To The People. London: Penguin Books, Ltd.,

5 While the investigation in this text differs from that of this investigation, Faigon uses his argument to disagree with considering Mao a Stalinist. He does so by noting the break from Soviet power nearing the end of the Five-Year Plan. Faigon argues that this break showed success in Mao s leadership because he was continuing on his dictatorship as an independent thinker and implementing his own plans that he thought would be beneficial to China s society and economy. This sources offers an opposing view to my argument, which is important in drawing a conclusion on whether Mao was a successful leader or not. Analysis Due to the success of Mao Zedong s army during the Long March, Mao s power was strengthened, in that Mao s army emerged as a stronger one following this movement. However, this military strength can be downplayed by the millions of Chinese peasantry 7 that suffered as a result of the fighting. It is through the deaths of over hundreds of thousands Communists and peasants that critics can draw the conclusion that Mao Zedong was a highly motivated leader. Mao Zedong was focused on the goal of transforming China to an agricultural-based society and emerging as the leading Communist nation and the means in which he took to achieve this goal had no restraints. Mao s desire to stand for all people of China helped put Mao in a positive light as China s front man; however, the love that existed for Mao can be interpreted as fear by the Chinese people. Mao Zedong possessed a powerful army, as well as trained the youth to take action against any of the Chinese who did not follow the party line. These actions as a leader alters the psyche of the people because they are no longer in control of their movements, but are rather dictated by the leader, hence creating fear in a society. This fear hinders the success of Mao Zedong in the eyes of critics, but allowed Mao to grow in China because little to no opposition existed. When Mao followed through with the Five Year Plan, China experienced a period of economic growth. By following the example of the Soviets, China was following agriculturallybased programs, as well as growing economically. This plan increased Mao Zedong s popularity among the Chinese people. Even though fear still existed, the people began to trust that Mao Zedong would be able to help them through economic downturns and make China a better country. However, after Mao Zedong moved away from Soviet guidance, the economy plummeted again as a result of his reform policies. Still keeping his goal in mind, Mao Zedong set the Great Leap Forward in motion. The execution of this reform policy was not successful because the people were again suffering and the country lacked the natural resources necessary for it to be successful; however, Chairman Mao declared the Great Leap Forward a failure, showing depth in his leadership by admitting his faults. Some Chinese people did, however, lose support for Mao as a result of the GLF. In response to the criticisms Mao received, he started the Cultural Revolution. 7 Goldston, Robert. The Long March. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc.,

6 The Cultural Revolution lasted for ten years and in the end, China suffered. Although Mao Zedong was successful in removing Old China, the Red Guard had to be rehabilitated and re-educated, as well as the people of China. Due to the damage to school and university facilities and the death of citizens, including teachers, it took time for schools to have the necessary resources to re-open. It has been argued that Mao s Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution was a success, in that it broke away from its Stalinist past 8 ; however, the implementation of Mao Zedong s last two major reforms was a failure in Mao s leadership because Mao launched two plans that hindered China s growth. Although Mao Zedong failed at his attempt to help the Chinese economy grow with his implementation of The Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution, he did not lose many of his followers, which can be interpreted as a successful factor in Mao s dictatorship. While support for Mao still existed, a shift to new leadership was desired in China. Conclusion Mao Zedong had a strong start as a leader, in that Mao gained the support of his people very quickly. He was successful in becoming the dictator of a nation that held him above the average man. His first policies helped him gain support and respect among the People s Republic of China; however, once he withdrew from the Soviet Union, his desire for China to flourish and prosper was stronger that the plans he implemented to do so. The Great Leap Froward and Cultural Revolution resulted in thousands of deaths through famine, torture, and murder. While Mao Zedong was able to remove Confucius principles from China and moved to a greater equality among the Chinese population, he was still unable to achieve true agricultural reform, which was one of his primary goals as a leader. Mao Zedong was successful in having a strong base of followers who kept faith in him through his failed policies; however, he was not a successful leader. Mao Zedong did not lead his country to domination. 8 Feigon, Lee. Mao: a Reinterpretation. Chicago: Library of Congress,

7 Bibliography Cheng, L., and A. So. "The Reestablishment of Sociology in the PRC." Annual Review of Sociology, 1983: Feigon, Lee. Mao: a Reinterpretation. Chicago: Library of Congress, Goldston, Robert. The Long March. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., Lynch, Michael. Mao. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, MacFarquhar, Roderick, John K. Fairbank, and Denis Twitchett. Cambridge History of China: The People's Republic, Part 2 : Revolutions within the Chinese Revolution. Oakleigh: Cambridge University Press, Meisner, Maurice J. Mao's China and after: a history of the People's Republic. New York: The Free Press, Schram, Stuart. Chairman Mao Talks To The People. London: Penguin Books, Ltd.,

Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader

Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader Mao Zedong (1893-1976): Major Events in the Life of a Revolutionary Leader All terms appearing in bold are included in the glossary. 1893 MAO Zedong was born on December 26 in the small village of Shaoshan

More information

KCCIS Y12 - IB HISTORY. Marxism BY: MELANIE AND ADRIAN

KCCIS Y12 - IB HISTORY. Marxism BY: MELANIE AND ADRIAN KCCIS Y12 - IB HISTORY Marxism BY: MELANIE AND ADRIAN 1 Contents: - Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels - What is Marxism? - How does Capitalism work? - Socialism: Solution to Capitalism Marxist theory of stages

More information

Amanda Ahrens. Global Studies China Lesson Plan

Amanda Ahrens. Global Studies China Lesson Plan Amanda Ahrens Global Studies China Lesson Plan Lesson Plan #1 Cultural Revolution: Reality vs. Government Claims Unit Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to analyze the point of view of the Cultural

More information

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War - Containment policy -

Ch 15 Notes Start of Cold War       -    Containment policy - Ch 15 Notes- Start of Cold War Students will develop and use basic vocabulary about the Cold War era. Students will describe events that led to the Cold War between the U.S. and Soviet Union. Students

More information

Business. Democratic Socialism. Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden. Levi Evans

Business. Democratic Socialism. Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden. Levi Evans Business Levi Evans Democratic Socialism Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden Levi Evans Democratic presidential primary candidate, Bernie Sanders, wants America to adopt the political and

More information

Synopses, Characteristics, and Tree Diagrams

Synopses, Characteristics, and Tree Diagrams Appendix 2 he Reading Passages: Synopses, Characteristics, and Tree Diagrams Economic Expansion This passage traces industrial growth in the United States from the Civil War until the early 1900s, by which

More information

Latin American Studies in China: An Overview

Latin American Studies in China: An Overview Jiang Shixue Latin American Studies in China: An Overview Introduction Latin American studies in China have witnessed more than four decades of development. In China there are mainly five categories of

More information

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1 World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies All World History courses (Honors or otherwise) utilize the same targets and indicators for student performance. However, students enrolled in Honors

More information

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT KEY CONCEPT 1.1: Analyze how the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment ideas impacted human thought. a. Identify

More information

UBD-Stage 1. How did world leaders influence major contributions in China in the second half of the twentieth century?

UBD-Stage 1. How did world leaders influence major contributions in China in the second half of the twentieth century? World History II UBD-Stage 1 10 th graders Established Goals: (Taken from Virginia State Standards) Student will demonstrate knowledge of major events in the second half of the twentieth century describing

More information

Concept Formation Lesson: Communism

Concept Formation Lesson: Communism Concept Formation Lesson: Communism Grade Level: This lesson is designed for a ninth grade World History II class. The lesson will be used as an introduction to a unit on communism. The lesson will center

More information

Development of Public Administration in China: Since 1978 Mao Shoulong (Draft)

Development of Public Administration in China: Since 1978 Mao Shoulong (Draft) Development of Public Administration in China: Since 1978 Mao Shoulong (Draft) Since the end of 1978, China s economy has developed very quickly because of the introducing of reform and opening up policy.

More information

Compare the Difference between Market and Command Economic Systems. An Exploration of Capitalism, Socialism and Communism:

Compare the Difference between Market and Command Economic Systems. An Exploration of Capitalism, Socialism and Communism: Compare the Difference between Market and Command Economic Systems An Exploration of Capitalism, Socialism and Communism: Economic Systems Economic systems answer the questions: What to produce? How to

More information

[http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/front/images/atlantic-printlogo.png]

[http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/front/images/atlantic-printlogo.png]<http://www.theatlantic.com/> [http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/front/images/atlantic-printlogo.png] A few years ago when I walked the hallways of a high school with my fiveyear-old niece Evie, she remarked,

More information

Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964

Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964 Nicolas Bauquet, march 2005 Research Project: Religion and Politics in Communist Hungary, 1948-1964 I started my PhD research in September 2002 to elucidate the relationships between religion and politics

More information

Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao

Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao 1 A long time ago, before Egypt was a united country, there were two kingdoms -- Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was in the south. It controlled the areas along

More information

CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module

CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module CHINA AND EUROPE, 1500-2000 and BEYOND: What is Modern? Lesson Guide to Web Module Bram Hubbell, the Friends Seminary, Brooklyn, New York. Eight Sections following those of the Web module: I. Introduction

More information

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR SECTION 1 ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR Focus Question: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam? As you read, describe the Vietnam policies of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.

More information

Why Give Up Self-Reliance?

Why Give Up Self-Reliance? 000208 ~...--------------... Why Give Up Self-Reliance? if man of 81 asks our young people a question BY Waddill Catchings SOCIAliST - labor COllECTION Why Give Up Self-Reliance? A Program for Regaining

More information

Location The nation of Estonia is located at 59 degrees North latitude and 26 degrees east

Location The nation of Estonia is located at 59 degrees North latitude and 26 degrees east Estonia Location The nation of Estonia is located at 59 degrees North latitude and 26 degrees east longitude. It is situated in Northern Europe on the border of Russia to the East and Latvia to the South.

More information

1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1

1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1 AP European History! Mr. Walters 1996 DBQ: Dutch Republic & Rival States1 Task: Identify and analyze the challenges to the security, unity and prosperity of the Dutch Republic, 1650-1713. Take into account

More information

Development of China (PRC) If you want to learn about modern China. Pre-1949 period. Traumatic experience with foreigners

Development of China (PRC) If you want to learn about modern China. Pre-1949 period. Traumatic experience with foreigners Development of China (PRC) If you want to learn about modern China Farewell my Concubine ( 覇 王 別 姫 ) To Live( 活 着 ) Blue Kite( 蓝 风 筝 ) The Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China by Jung Chang Pre-1949 period

More information

Geneva CUSD 304 Content-Area Curriculum Frameworks Grades 6-12 Social Studies

Geneva CUSD 304 Content-Area Curriculum Frameworks Grades 6-12 Social Studies Geneva CUSD 304 Content-Area Curriculum Frameworks Grades 6-12 Social Studies Mission Statement It is our belief that Social Studies education is ultimately to prepare students to assume the responsibilities

More information

Fifty Years Later: What Would King Say Now? Keith M. Kilty. On August 28, 1963, some 250,000 people marched on Washington, DC. The

Fifty Years Later: What Would King Say Now? Keith M. Kilty. On August 28, 1963, some 250,000 people marched on Washington, DC. The Fifty Years Later: What Would King Say Now? Keith M. Kilty On August 28, 1963, some 250,000 people marched on Washington, DC. The platform for the speakers and singers program was set up on the steps of

More information

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare

Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare Research Note Engaging in Cyber Warfare By: Devin Luco Copyright 2013, ASA Institute for Risk & Innovation Keywords: Cyber War, Cyber Warfare, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Threats Abstract This research note defines

More information

Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies

Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies Yonsei University Courses Political Science & International Studies POL2101 Ancient and Medieval Western Political Thought The course examines the political ideologies and the backgrounds of principal

More information

Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence

Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence Non-fiction: Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence During the years right before the Revolutionary War, more

More information

Cold War Spreads to Asia

Cold War Spreads to Asia Cold War Spreads to Asia China China becomes Communist 1920s Mao Zedong leads communist forces against Chiang Kai Shek leader of China s Nationalist government During WWII set aside civil war to resist

More information

Political Science: An Introduction Michael G. Roskin Robert L. Cord James A. Medeiros Walter S. Jones Twelfth Edition

Political Science: An Introduction Michael G. Roskin Robert L. Cord James A. Medeiros Walter S. Jones Twelfth Edition Political Science: An Introduction Michael G. Roskin Robert L. Cord James A. Medeiros Walter S. Jones Twelfth Edition Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Directions Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank Ying Zheng army copper

More information

Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities

Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities 1. How the United States Became a World Power 1 2. Immigration 5 3. The Role of

More information

Juvenile Justice. CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 2

Juvenile Justice. CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 2 Juvenile Justice CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 2 The juvenile court system came into existence in 1899. Unlike the criminal justice system, a separate juvenile justice system is not constitutionally

More information

The Right to Advocate Violence

The Right to Advocate Violence The Right to Advocate Violence AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION 100 Fifth Avenue New York City ersc Januarly, 1951 Wordi vs. Deeds 1731 PT HE proposals of the Fish Committee to Congress, recent decisions

More information

SUCCESS FACTOR FOR EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION OF MUSIC CONSERVATORIES IN THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM

SUCCESS FACTOR FOR EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION OF MUSIC CONSERVATORIES IN THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 8, pp 50-55, November 2012. URL: http://www.ejbss.com/recent.aspx ISSN: 2235-767X SUCCESS FACTOR FOR EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION OF MUSIC CONSERVATORIES

More information

History (Specification B)

History (Specification B) General Certificate of Secondary Education June 2015 History (Specification B) 91452 Unit 2: Twentieth Century Depth Studies Wednesday 10 June 2015 9.00 am to 10.45 am For this paper you must have: an

More information

WORLD HISTORY GRADE 9. EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 1331 Lower Ferry Road Ewing, NJ 08618

WORLD HISTORY GRADE 9. EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 1331 Lower Ferry Road Ewing, NJ 08618 WORLD HISTORY GRADE 9 EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 1331 Lower Ferry Road Ewing, NJ 08618 BOE Approval Date: 10/27/08 Raymond Broach Revised by: EHS Social Studies Staff Superintendent TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Affirmative

More information

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) WWII began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The Germans used a strategy known as blitzkrieg (lightening war), which involved coordinated

More information

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes Overview and concepts Overview Using class discussion, a radio story, and the interactive timeline, students will investigate the complex causes of famines, both

More information

AMERICA IN THE 20 TH CENTURY: WORLD WAR II: The Road to War

AMERICA IN THE 20 TH CENTURY: WORLD WAR II: The Road to War 1 PRE-TEST Directions: Read the following statements and circle whether they are True or False. 1. After World War One, many countries had difficulty dealing with war debts, hunger, and unemployment. 2.

More information

A Review of China s Elementary Mathematics Education

A Review of China s Elementary Mathematics Education A Review of China s Elementary Mathematics Education Department of Education Taishan College Tai An, ShanDong People s Republic of China Abstract This paper provides an introduction and analysis of the

More information

BGS Managing Director Michael Allen s Book, Blinking Red, is Reviewed By The Center for the Study of Intelligence

BGS Managing Director Michael Allen s Book, Blinking Red, is Reviewed By The Center for the Study of Intelligence BGS Managing Director Michael Allen s Book, Blinking Red, is Reviewed By The Center for the Study of Intelligence Blinking Red Book Review March 2014 Reviewed by Roger Z. George The far-reaching intelligence

More information

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS Colonial & Revolutionary Periods SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS 1) Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750. British French Spanish

More information

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 Analyze various ways in which government policies during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic era contributed to a greater sense of French national identity

More information

World History II- Mrs. Shields 2010-2011 Syllabus

World History II- Mrs. Shields 2010-2011 Syllabus World History II- Mrs. Shields 2010-2011 Syllabus History never looks like history when you are living through it. John W. Gardner Your Teacher Mrs. Shields P. O. Box 38 Mathews, VA 23109 (804) 725-3702

More information

SOCIAL STUDIES TEST for e-lessons day 2

SOCIAL STUDIES TEST for e-lessons day 2 SOCIAL STUDIES TEST for e-lessons day 2 Name Directions: Use your own piece of paper as your answer document. Do not print off the test. You will need to only turn in your answer document. 29. The Cold

More information

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies?

To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? Rahaf Alwattar Daniela Morales Kiley Smith Madison So To What Extent is The Cold War a Result of Two Conflicting Ideologies? The Cold War was an unceasing state of political and military tensions between

More information

The Printing Press: A Vehicle for Modernity

The Printing Press: A Vehicle for Modernity The Printing Press: A Vehicle for Modernity November 3, 2010 Ailsa Lapp COMM345 Assignment #1 Professor: Virginia McKendry Throughout the history of civilization, the invention of printing has been argued

More information

East Asia After World War I. AP World History Chapter 29d

East Asia After World War I. AP World History Chapter 29d East Asia After World War I AP World History Chapter 29d Japan After World War I Limited participation in WWI Result: Economy grew during and after the war 1920s = Japan moving toward more democratic politics

More information

Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations

Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Dictators Fascism Expansionism Anti-Communism Nationalism Militarism Weak League of Nations Isolationism and Pacifism Appeasement Failure of the League of

More information

Chapter 23 America and the Great War, 1914 1920

Chapter 23 America and the Great War, 1914 1920 Chapter 23 America and the Great War, 1914 1920 Chapter Summary Chapter 23 introduces the student to the American role in World War I. Among the topics covered in this chapter are the complexity of the

More information

EAST-WEST Journal of ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS. Journal of Economics and Business Vol. XIIΙ 2010, No 2 (125-129) BOOK REVIEW

EAST-WEST Journal of ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS. Journal of Economics and Business Vol. XIIΙ 2010, No 2 (125-129) BOOK REVIEW Journal of Economics and Business Vol. XIIΙ 2010, No 2 (125-129) BOOK REVIEW Joel Bakan s, The Corporation The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power. Free Press - Constable & Robinson, 2004, 2005. Reviewed

More information

Part I Professional (Self) Regulation of Academic Quality David D. Dill and Maarja Beerkens

Part I Professional (Self) Regulation of Academic Quality David D. Dill and Maarja Beerkens Part I Professional (Self) Regulation of Academic Quality David D. Dill and Maarja Beerkens Historically self-regulation has been the dominant mode for assuring academic quality in the US and the UK higher

More information

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War Raising Taxes The French and Indian War had caused the British to be in a great deal of debt. They decided to keep a standing

More information

Cyber Security Ultimately Is Military Security

Cyber Security Ultimately Is Military Security Cyber Security Ultimately Is Military Security Reporter: ZUO Xiaoyu You Ji Professor of Macau University, School of Social Sciences. Research Area: national security. With deepening development of cyber

More information

E-mail: rbond@palomar.edu. Course Syllabus

E-mail: rbond@palomar.edu. Course Syllabus Western Civilization Since the Reformation History 106 Class # Instructor: Prof. Robert Bond Office Hours: TBA E-mail: rbond@palomar.edu 3.0 Unit Course Course Syllabus DESCRIPTION: History 106 is a survey

More information

Introduction to Political Science POS-101-TE

Introduction to Political Science POS-101-TE Introduction to Political Science POS-101-TE This TECEP tests concepts taught in a one-semester course in political science. Topics include: political and governmental structures, functions, and processes;

More information

Amnesty International What Is A Fair Trial?

Amnesty International What Is A Fair Trial? Amnesty International What Is A Trial? Introduction A fair trial is a right that all the people of the world are entitled to according to the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. But what makes a trial

More information

From c. A.D. 45- A.D. 116, a woman named Ban Zhao served as the imperial historian.

From c. A.D. 45- A.D. 116, a woman named Ban Zhao served as the imperial historian. The Han Dynasty A Time of Great Achievement From Chaos and Disunity to Stability and Great Works With the fall of the Qin Dynasty, China was plunged into chaos and fighting. In time, a farmer-turned soldier,

More information

23.1 Dictators and War PPT NOTES

23.1 Dictators and War PPT NOTES Name Period Date 23.1 Dictators and War PPT NOTES World War I ended when Germany surrendered to the Allies. An uneasy peace followed. Germans resented the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, feeling humiliated

More information

Democracy: Starting with Solon

Democracy: Starting with Solon Democracy: Starting with Solon In the present day, the term democracy is well known. In any democracy, the common people have power. However, each democratic government has a unique way of implementing

More information

BACKGROUND JOSEPH STALIN READING ONE

BACKGROUND JOSEPH STALIN READING ONE BACKGROUND JOSEPH STALIN READING ONE Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin were among Lenin s revolutionary supporters. They both helped Lenin and the Bolsheviks bring an end to the Czar s rule. The Bolsheviks

More information

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills)

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills) Name: Date: 1. On July 4, 1852 a writer was asked to speak at an Independence Day celebration in Rochester, New York. Below is a part of his speech. Fellow citizens Pardon me, and allow me to ask, why

More information

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the

Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century were centered on the To what extent were the policies of the United States responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Although the dominant military confrontations of the 20 th century

More information

SOCIAL STUDIES World History Standard: History

SOCIAL STUDIES World History Standard: History Standard: History Enlightenment Ideas A. Explain connections between the ideas of the Enlightenment and changes in the relationships between citizens and their governments. 1. Explain how Enlightenment

More information

Training journalists. The development of journalism education in Sweden, 1944-1970

Training journalists. The development of journalism education in Sweden, 1944-1970 Training journalists. The development of journalism education in Sweden, 1944-1970 Elin Gardeström The thesis Training journalists analyses the interaction between various interests in Swedish society

More information

Social Contract Theory. Utilitarianism. Drawing by David Shrigley

Social Contract Theory. Utilitarianism. Drawing by David Shrigley Social Contract Theory & Utilitarianism Drawing by David Shrigley Social Contract Theory The passions that incline men to peace, are fear of death; desire of such things as are necessary to commodious

More information

Ch. 21 in class. Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully!

Ch. 21 in class. Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully! Ch. 21 in class Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully! Ch. 21 - Objectives To understand the meaning of ABSOLUTISM! To identify Absolute Rulers and

More information

INTEGRATING ETHICAL LEARNING INTO INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION CLASSES

INTEGRATING ETHICAL LEARNING INTO INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION CLASSES INTEGRATING ETHICAL LEARNING INTO INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION CLASSES Carol-Lynn Bower Arizona State University Communication scholar Martha Cooper has written that, for her, the ethical agent enacting

More information

The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War

The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War The Sequence of Causes of the Cold War Outside the U.S. In the U.S. 1917 Revolutions in Russia 1917-1919 Russian Civil War 1941-1944 Second Front against Hitler Casablanca Conference 1943 Teheran Conference

More information

Social Security Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Which historical account of Social Security is more accurate?

Social Security Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Which historical account of Social Security is more accurate? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Which historical account of is more accurate? Materials: Movie: http://historicalthinkingmatters.org/socialsecurity/ Copies of Historian Interpretations Worksheet

More information

History programmes of study: key stage 3

History programmes of study: key stage 3 History programmes of study: key stage 3 National curriculum in England Purpose of study A high-quality history education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain s past

More information

Protestant Reformation. The reform movement that divided the western church into Catholic & Protestant

Protestant Reformation. The reform movement that divided the western church into Catholic & Protestant Essential Questions: What were indulgences? Why was Martin Luther opposed to the sale of indulgences? Why did Roman Catholic Church officials respond to Luther s ninety-five theses with the eventual excommunication

More information

Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War

Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War The United States has waged several wars throughout its history. These wars have in some ways differed drastically. For example, during the Revolutionary War, cannons

More information

McCulloch v. Maryland 1819

McCulloch v. Maryland 1819 McCulloch v. Maryland 1819 Appellant: James William McCulloch Appellee: State of Maryland Appellant s Claim: That a Maryland state tax imposed on the Bank of the United States was unconstitutional interference

More information

Introduction 11 Chronology 15. Chapter 1: Background on George Orwell

Introduction 11 Chronology 15. Chapter 1: Background on George Orwell Contents Introduction 11 Chronology 15 Chapter 1: Background on George Orwell 1. The Life of George Orwell 21 Contemporary Authors An ardent proponent of human decency, individuality, and social welfare,

More information

Social Studies. Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below.

Social Studies. Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below. Social Studies Name: Directions: Complete the following questions using the link listed below. Questions 1-8: http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144 (Pages 1-2) Questions 9-17: http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/adolf-hitler

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

If Hitler Won World War II We Would Have A Better, More Just World Today

If Hitler Won World War II We Would Have A Better, More Just World Today If Hitler Won World War II We Would Have A Better, More Just World Today By James Miller If Hitler Won World War II We Would Have A Better, More Just World Today By James Miller Legendary U.S. General

More information

U.S. Voting Rights Timeline

U.S. Voting Rights Timeline 1776 Only people who own land can vote Declaration of Independence signed. Right to vote during the Colonial and Revolutionary periods is restricted to property owners most of whom are white male Protestants

More information

Table of Contents. Part One: Social Studies Curriculum

Table of Contents. Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities 1. Western Political Thought 1 2. The Age of Revolution 6 3. The Age of Napoleon

More information

Terence Halliday, Center on Law and Globalization co-director, addresses the Council on. Foreign Relations on China s Future

Terence Halliday, Center on Law and Globalization co-director, addresses the Council on. Foreign Relations on China s Future A Partnership of the American Bar Foundation and the University of Illinois College of Law FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Lucinda Underwood E-mail: lunderwood@abfn.org Phone: 312.988.6573 Fax: 312.988.6579

More information

Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government

Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action 20:2 Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government Starting in the 1600s, European philosophers began debating the question of who should

More information

Two Views of the Social Contract

Two Views of the Social Contract NAME: Global History III Enlightenment Two Views of the Social Contract In the 1600s, two English thinkers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, set forth ideas that were to become key to the Enlightenment. Both

More information

CIVIL WAR. Document Based Question

CIVIL WAR. Document Based Question CIVIL WAR Document Based Question PART B WRITTEN RESPONSE DIRECTIONS: Write a well organized essay that includes a strong introduction, body (topic and closing sentence for each paragraph), and conclusion

More information

NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014

NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014 NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014 The French Revolution 1 INTRODUCTION The Enlightenment and the American Revolution helped influence other government revolts in countries around the world,

More information

Wolff, Richard. Class and Economics. Dollars and Sense (May/June 2006)

Wolff, Richard. Class and Economics. Dollars and Sense (May/June 2006) 1 Wolff, Richard. Class and Economics. Dollars and Sense (May/June 2006) Class analysis predates economics. Long before modern economics emerged, ancient Greeks, for example, analyzed their society by

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion 1. checks and balances a. A government with three parts 2. civic duty b. The most powerful elected officials in

More information

The Social Security Act of 1935: A Result of Roosevelt s Leadership. Carrie Temm. (MLA Style)

The Social Security Act of 1935: A Result of Roosevelt s Leadership. Carrie Temm. (MLA Style) The Social Security Act of 1935: A Result of Roosevelt s Leadership Carrie Temm (MLA Style) Temm 2 Abstract President Franklin D. Roosevelt played the key leadership role in getting the Social Security

More information

Church Reform during the French Revolution. Ross Wickstrom

Church Reform during the French Revolution. Ross Wickstrom 1 Church Reform during the French Revolution Ross Wickstrom During this year (1791), in which as we have seen he made his first communion, the Legislative Assembly passed the most severe laws against all

More information

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron)

World War 2 Project. By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) World War 2 Project By Cdt.Sgt.Allen.Devonlee & The other Guy (Dalton Barron) Propaganda (Germany) Most propaganda in Nazi Germany was made by the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Joseph

More information

Case 1:11-cv-00068-NAM -DRH Document 12 Filed 05/19/11 Page 1 of 7 1:11-CV-68 (NAM/DRH)

Case 1:11-cv-00068-NAM -DRH Document 12 Filed 05/19/11 Page 1 of 7 1:11-CV-68 (NAM/DRH) Case 1:11-cv-00068-NAM -DRH Document 12 Filed 05/19/11 Page 1 of 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK JILL E. MARTIN, Plaintiff Pro Se, vs. ESSEX COUNTY SUPPORT COLLECTION UNIT

More information

W. P. CAREY MBA CHINA. global connectivity

W. P. CAREY MBA CHINA. global connectivity W. P. CAREY MBA CHINA global connectivity the first partnership between a U.S. business school and the Chinese government on Chinese soil The Washington Post, Nov. 28, 2003 Global Influence for Global

More information

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

Updated: 2/5/2015. Language Objective: Students will in writing list the enlightened thinkers and their contributions.

Updated: 2/5/2015. Language Objective: Students will in writing list the enlightened thinkers and their contributions. Website Examples Page 1 World History Thursday, February 05, 2015 11:03 AM Updated: 2/5/2015 Who, Why (Bloom's), What (content), How (academic task) WH.1E - identify major causes and describe the major

More information

2014 SUMMER COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

2014 SUMMER COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 2014 SUMMER COURSE DESCRIPTIONS Please note: The course descriptions, requirements, and book lists are tentative and therefore subject to revision. Please contact the individual instructors for further

More information

An Essay Review on William E. Leuchtenburg s Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (1932 1940) Eli Hersberger. Dr.

An Essay Review on William E. Leuchtenburg s Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (1932 1940) Eli Hersberger. Dr. An Essay Review on William E. Leuchtenburg s Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (1932 1940) Eli Hersberger Dr. Katherine Tinsley March 29 th, 2006 2 Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (1932 1940)

More information

AREA STUDIES - CHINA: REGIONAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REVIEW Vol. III The Social Security System in China - Y. P. Liu

AREA STUDIES - CHINA: REGIONAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REVIEW Vol. III The Social Security System in China - Y. P. Liu THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM IN CHINA Y. P. Liu Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China. Keywords: Social security system, China

More information

SYG 2000 Course. 1. Define Sociology and explain the insights and benefits of the sociological imagination/perspective.

SYG 2000 Course. 1. Define Sociology and explain the insights and benefits of the sociological imagination/perspective. SYG 2000 Course Introduction to Sociology Learning Objectives In General, always be able to present a review of the key insights from any classroom video or activity connected to each chapter. Also, know

More information

While the national economy was distressed, the local market boomed with industry as many

While the national economy was distressed, the local market boomed with industry as many First Merchants Bank Founded: 1893 Location: Northeast corner of Main and Mulberry Streets, Muncie (1893 1904); northwest corner of Main and Mulberry Streets (1904 14); northwest corner of Jackson and

More information

After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded

After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded Liberals must embrace power politics to define the 21 st century. - says LI President Van Baalen After the fall of the Berlin wall, the American philosopher Francis Fukuyama concluded that the only remaining

More information