George Washington. Thursday, December 5, 13

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "George Washington. Thursday, December 5, 13"

Transcription

1 George Washington

2 Background February 22, December 14, 1799 Virginia farmer turned soldier Married to Martha Washington Commander- in- chief of the RevoluDonary War President of the ConsDtuDonal ConvenDon

3 The First President On April 30, 1789, George Washington took the oath of office as the first president of the United States. ARer his inauguradon, he addressed both houses of Congress, asking them to put into place the wise measures on which the success of this government must depend. At Dmes, his hands shook so much, he could hardly read his speech.

4 Setting Precedents Washington s decisions as the first president would be highly regarded by those who followed him. Knowing this, Washington did his best to carry out the ideas and values in the DeclaraDon of Independence and ConsDtuDon. First, he refused a fancy Dtle such as His Excellency that John Adams suggested. Instead, he preferred to be called Mr. President.

5 Executive Departments Unfortunately for Washington, the first Congress was deeply divided on many issues, including determining execudve departments and their powers. Eventually, a few departments were approved and Washington chose men he trusted to lead each; Thomas Jefferson became Secretary of State and Alexander Hamilton became Secretary of the Treasury. These leaders became known as the president s cabinet.

6 Executive Departments Unfortunately for Washington, the first Congress was deeply divided on many issues, including determining execudve departments and their powers. Eventually, a few departments were approved and Washington chose men he trusted to lead each; Thomas Jefferson became Secretary of State and Alexander Hamilton became Secretary of the Treasury. These leaders became known as the president s cabinet.

7 Executive Departments Unfortunately for Washington, the first Congress was deeply divided on many issues, including determining execudve departments and their powers. Eventually, a few departments were approved and Washington chose men he trusted to lead each; Thomas Jefferson became Secretary of State and Alexander Hamilton became Secretary of the Treasury. These leaders became known as the president s cabinet.

8 War Debts The most cridcal problem facing the new government was money. The nadonal treasury was empty and now that Congress had the power to tax, they argued endlessly about what to tax and how much. In 1791, Congress agreed to place an excise tax on whiskey and other luxury goods.

9 Whiskey Rebellion Se`lers living west of the Appalachian Mountains were pardcularly upset by the whiskey tax. It was too expensive for them to haul their grain across the mountains, so they depended on disdlling their wheat into whiskey, which could be shipped more easily. To end the protests, Congress lowered the taxes in Most farmers began to pay up, but the Whiskey Boys of western Pennsylvania sdll refused. Instead, they tarred and feathered tax collectors.

10 Whiskey Rebellion Se`lers living west of the Appalachian Mountains were pardcularly upset by the whiskey tax. It was too expensive for them to haul their grain across the mountains, so they depended on disdlling their wheat into whiskey, which could be shipped more easily. To end the protests, Congress lowered the taxes in Most farmers began to pay up, but the Whiskey Boys of western Pennsylvania sdll refused. Instead, they tarred and feathered tax collectors.

11 Whiskey Rebellion Seeing the rebellion as a threat to the government s authority, Alexander Hamilton convinced Washington to do something. Washington led roughly 13,000 state milida troops across the mountains to crush the rebels. Faced with overwhelming force, the rebellion quickly melted away. Thomas Jefferson felt that sending an army to put to the tax rebels was foolish and violated people s liberdes and tension towards Hamilton rose.

12 Whiskey Rebellion Seeing the rebellion as a threat to the government s authority, Alexander Hamilton convinced Washington to do something. Washington led roughly 13,000 state milida troops across the mountains to crush the rebels. Faced with overwhelming force, the rebellion quickly melted away. Thomas Jefferson felt that sending an army to put to the tax rebels was foolish and violated people s liberdes and tension towards Hamilton rose.

13 French Revolution Meanwhile, tension was also building across the nadon as debate over events in France raged. In 1789, the French people rebelled against their king. They hoped to build a nadon based on Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. ARer three years, France became a republic. This thrilled many Americans, including Jefferson and his followers, who called themselves DemocraDc- Republicans, or just Republicans.

14 French Revolution In Dme, news from France caused supporters of the rebellion to think again. By 1793, the leaders had executed the king and queen and would eventually do the same to 20,000 of wealthy French cidzens. Hamilton and his followers, the Federalists, were appalled by the bloodshed. Being wealthy themselves, they began to wonder if their own future might involve a similar fate.

15 French Revolution In Dme, news from France caused supporters of the rebellion to think again. By 1793, the leaders had executed the king and queen and would eventually do the same to 20,000 of wealthy French cidzens. Hamilton and his followers, the Federalists, were appalled by the bloodshed. Being wealthy themselves, they began to wonder if their own future might involve a similar fate.

16 Citizen Genet In 1793, France went to war against Britain. In April 1793, they sent Edmond CiDzen Genet to recruit American volunteers to a`ack BriDsh ships. He traveled around the country preaching against kings and nobles. Genet was popular with the Republicans and soon, the cheering crowds went to his head. When Washington did not react so enthusiasdcally at their meedng, Genet began to make speeches a`acking the president.

17 Jefferson Steps In Even for Jefferson, who supported the French, Genet s acdons were too much. As Secretary of State, he asked the French government to recall its representadve.

18 Jefferson Steps In Even for Jefferson, who supported the French, Genet s acdons were too much. As Secretary of State, he asked the French government to recall its representadve. Old man Washington is jealous of my success...

19 Jefferson Steps In Even for Jefferson, who supported the French, Genet s acdons were too much. As Secretary of State, he asked the French government to recall its representadve. You re hotheaded, disrespec=ul, and indecent! Old man Washington is jealous of my success...

20 Farewell Address When Washington s first terms was up in 1792, he agreed to second term in part because he was disturbed by the bi`er rivalry developing between Federalists and Republicans. Near the end of the second term, he announced that he would not run again, a precedent that would be followed undl the Before leaving office, Washington prepared a farewell address with an important message.

21 Washington s Words

22 Washington s Words With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and polibcal principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together.

23 Washington s Words With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and polibcal principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together. I have already inbmated to you the danger of parbes in the State...now let me warm you against the baneful effects of the spirit of party.

24 Washington s Words With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and polibcal principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together. I have already inbmated to you the danger of parbes in the State...now let me warm you against the baneful effects of the spirit of party. Observe good faith and jusbce towards all nabons; culbvate peace and harmony with all. It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with the foreign world.

25 Retirement Washington returned to his estate at Mount Vernon, Virginia where he devoted his Dme to his plantadons. Washington died at home on December 14, 1799 at the age of sixty- seven. He had suffered many illnesses throughout his life and his strength had faded. People around the world mourned his death. He is buried in a tomb at Mount Vernon although there was a tomb set up for him in the Capitol as well.

26 Retirement Washington returned to his estate at Mount Vernon, Virginia where he devoted his Dme to his plantadons. Washington died at home on December 14, 1799 at the age of sixty- seven. He had suffered many illnesses throughout his life and his strength had faded. People around the world mourned his death. He is buried in a tomb at Mount Vernon although there was a tomb set up for him in the Capitol as well.

Section 2 Launching the New Government

Section 2 Launching the New Government Chapter 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic Essential Question: How did the Federalist and Republican visions for the United States differ? Overview and Objectives Overview In an Experiential

More information

Challenges to the New Government

Challenges to the New Government Challenges to the New Government challenge #1 Debt, debt, debt The new government was in debt, and something had to be done about it. Washington did something that many people would not like? He raised

More information

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad,

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, First Congress, April 1789 Four immediate tasks: Raising Revenue to support new government Addressing Bill of Rights Setting up Executive departments Organizing Federal Judiciary James Madison becomes

More information

Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Grade Level: 6 8 Time Allotment: One to two 45-minute class periods Overview: While the end of the

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and

More information

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings:

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings: Alexander Hamilton Background Information: Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies in 1755, the son of James Hamilton and Rachel Lavine, who were not yet married. Hamilton s father abandoned

More information

The American Colonies Declare Independence

The American Colonies Declare Independence The American Colonies Declare Independence Copy the notes in red. Write the notes in blue in your own words. The words in black are for your information. As taken from: mrkash.com/activities/independence.ppt

More information

Washington and Congress

Washington and Congress Washington and Congress Main Idea With the adoption of the new Constitution, Americans and their leaders had to establish a central government to deal effectively with the challenges facing the new nation.

More information

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation With George Washington the first president, the United States begins creating a working government for its new nation. Opening Activity: In a paragraph discuss

More information

Chapter 6 Section 1. Hamilton's Program

Chapter 6 Section 1. Hamilton's Program Hamilton's Program Chapter 6 Section 1 One of the biggest issues facing the new nation dealt with the huge debts it owed to other nations and its own citizens following the Revolutionary War. As Secretary

More information

253. Patrick Henry ( ) One of the main opponents of the Constitution, he worked against its ratification in Virginia.

253. Patrick Henry ( ) One of the main opponents of the Constitution, he worked against its ratification in Virginia. Note Cards 251. Supporters of the Constitution Known as Federalists, they were mostly wealthy and opposed anarchy. Their leaders included Jay, Hamilton, and Madison, who wrote the Federalist Papers in

More information

How was our beginning/or first Constitution The Articles of Confederation making our country look weak? Why make it weak?

How was our beginning/or first Constitution The Articles of Confederation making our country look weak? Why make it weak? U.S. History Mr. Boothby 10/6/2015 The Learning Target : CH 10 Launching a New Ship of State pt2 Whiskey Rebellion and the XYZ Affair/ SHIFT IN STRENGTH! Reaction (2 full page minimum): Hint on page(s)

More information

The Federalist Period (1789 1800)

The Federalist Period (1789 1800) The Federalist Period (1789 1800) Issues Facing the New Nation The new American nation created under the Constitution had two important orders of business facing it Draft the Bill of Rights that had been

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES LESSON PLAN TEMPLATE FOR A STANDARDS-ALIGNED SYSTEM

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES LESSON PLAN TEMPLATE FOR A STANDARDS-ALIGNED SYSTEM LESSON PLAN CODE: SS-8-3 SUBJECT: Social Studies / American History GRADE LEVEL/COURSE: Grade 8 / Social Studies TITLE: The Whiskey Rebellion TEACHER(S) NAME(S): Megan Bell ALIGNMENTS: PA Standards: 8.1.8.B.

More information

Background. April 13, July 4, Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner. Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived)

Background. April 13, July 4, Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner. Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived) Thomas Jefferson Background April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826 Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived) Main author of the Declara=on of Independence

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

Name Patrick Henry

Name Patrick Henry Name Patrick Henry 1736 1799 Patrick Henry was born in 1736 to John Henry and Sarah Winston Henry in Hanover County, Virginia. He did not attend school. He was taught at home by his father to read and

More information

Domestic Issue (within the US)

Domestic Issue (within the US) Name: Unit 4 The Early Republic TEST REVIEW Pd: Test Date: 1. List the characteristics of the Early Republic Era: War of 1812, Expansion of the U.S., first five presidents, presidential precedents, etc.

More information

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution At first, England and its American colonies got along well. Over time, however, things changed. The colonists became angry over British controls. This led to revolution and the

More information

Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality.

Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality. Section 1 Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality. 1 Washington Heads the New Government The New Government Takes

More information

CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, 1789 1800 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Launching the New Government A. Choosing the First President B. The First Federal Elections: Completing

More information

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution.

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. Causes of the American Revolution SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. The Taxation Acts The King of England started taxing the colonists in the

More information

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate The proposed Constitution, and the change it wrought in the nature of the American Union, spawned one of the greatest political debates of all time. In addition

More information

C H A P T E R 7. Launching the New Republic, Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why?

C H A P T E R 7. Launching the New Republic, Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why? C H A P T E R 7 Launching the New Republic, 1788-1800 1. Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why? 2. What was the impact of the French Revolution on American politics?

More information

American Revolution Test. Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question.

American Revolution Test. Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question. American Revolution Test Name: Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question. 1. During the Boston Tea Party, what did the colonist dress up like? a. Loyalists b. Native Americans c.

More information

Washington Heads the New Government

Washington Heads the New Government Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War of 1812. George

More information

Name Computer # Date. AIM: To what extent was the Washington administration s response to the Whiskey Rebellion appropriate?

Name Computer # Date. AIM: To what extent was the Washington administration s response to the Whiskey Rebellion appropriate? Name Computer # Date AIM: To what extent was the Washington administration s response to the Whiskey Rebellion appropriate? Directions: Below you will find some background on the Whiskey Rebellion, which

More information

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: _ Date: _ pres dec Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Alexander Hamilton stood for a flexible reading of the Constitution, but

More information

Unit 5: American Revolution Study Guide

Unit 5: American Revolution Study Guide Name: What is on this test? Unit 5: American Revolution Study Guide SOL 6a: British Control over Colonies - What steps did Great Britain take to increase control over its colonies? - Why did many colonists

More information

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet Name: Date: Section 8-1: The Articles of Confederation Chapter 8 Section Review Packet 1. Constitution 2. Republicanism 3. Limited government 4. Suffrage 5. Articles of Confederation 6. Ratification 7.

More information

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1.

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. 1. What key activity does this map depict? A Middle Passage B Trans-Saharan

More information

Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions

Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand

More information

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test)

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test) Causes of the Revolution War Test (Do not write on this Test) 1) Which group supported Patrick Henry, a famous American colonist who said, Give me liberty or give me death? a) Loyalist b) Patriots c) Tories

More information

A. A B. B C. C D. D. What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election?

A. A B. B C. C D. D. What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election? What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election? A. The candidate s political party affiliation B. The candidate s opinion on a specific issue C. How likeable the candidate

More information

Test over the American Revolution

Test over the American Revolution Test over the American Revolution Please Do Not Write on this test 1) A significant outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was A) Germany decided to remain neutral B) It was the final battle of the American

More information

Hamilton vs. Jefferson Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What were the differences between Hamilton and Jefferson?

Hamilton vs. Jefferson Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: What were the differences between Hamilton and Jefferson? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: What were the differences between Hamilton and Jefferson? Materials: Textbook passage on differences between Hamilton and Jefferson Copies of Jefferson Letter to

More information

CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8

CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8 CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8 SHAYS REBELLION (1786-1787) Farmers rebellion against unfair taxes in MA MA state militia stopped the rebellion Caused leaders of the new country to realize they

More information

A Brief Biography of George Washington

A Brief Biography of George Washington A Brief Biography of George Washington A COLONIAL BOYHOOD People from many countries settled in early America. Among them was John Washington. He sailed to Virginia from England in 1657 on a ship called

More information

The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase

The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase Back during the early 1800s, the Mississippi River was a lifeline for the people living on the Western frontier. Its waters allowed farmers in the West

More information

1700 s French society is divided into 3 estates: 1) Roman Catholic Clergy 1% 2) Nobility 2% 3) The Rest (bourgeoisie) 97%

1700 s French society is divided into 3 estates: 1) Roman Catholic Clergy 1% 2) Nobility 2% 3) The Rest (bourgeoisie) 97% Phase I 1700 s French society is divided into 3 estates: 1) Roman Catholic Clergy 1% 2) Nobility 2% 3) The Rest (bourgeoisie) 97% 1774 Louis XVI takes the throne; France has tremendous debts from war and

More information

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment Name: Period: Date: Dean - U.S. History Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment 1. What date was the Declaration of Independence written? a. September 17, 1774 b. January 4, 1776

More information

Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan

Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan Materials: Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did Federalists oppose the? Copies of Timeline Copies of Documents A and B Transparency of Document A Graphic Organizer Plan of Instruction: 1. Introduction:

More information

Problems After the War

Problems After the War Problems After the War War increased tensions between British & the Colonists. 1. England becomes more involved in the running of the colonies. 2. Proclamation Line of 1763 3. Standing Army 4. How to pay

More information

8. How many states are there in the Union (the United States)? 10. Independence Day celebrates independence from whom?

8. How many states are there in the Union (the United States)? 10. Independence Day celebrates independence from whom? The following are sample U.S. History and Government Questions that may be asked during the Naturalization Exam. Typical Questions 1. What are the colors of our flag? 2. What do the stars on the flag mean?

More information

Colonization and the Revolutionary War Introduction to the Revolutionary War

Colonization and the Revolutionary War Introduction to the Revolutionary War Colonization and the Revolutionary War Introduction to the Revolutionary War As the colonies took root, they grew used to mostly governing themselves. Great Britain decided it wanted more control. It began

More information

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War Raising Taxes The French and Indian War had caused the British to be in a great deal of debt. They decided to keep a standing

More information

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION King George III of Britain had 13 colonies in North America. People had come to live in them so they could have some freedom and to start a new life. The people who had

More information

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President Thomas Jefferson USA: 3 rd President 1. Background and Education Father: Peter Jefferson Like most sons of land owners, he studied land surveying Graduated from William and Mary University in Williamsburg,

More information

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES Students will be able to: Identify the Articles of Confederation and explain why it failed. Explain the argument over the need for a bill of rights

More information

Colonial Influences Where did America get its ideas about government?

Colonial Influences Where did America get its ideas about government? Mayflower Compact English Bill of Rights Cato s Letters Collection of Good Ideas Colonial Influences Where did America get its ideas about government? What s the big idea? Rule of Law o All people must

More information

***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test

***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test ***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test USCIS will begin administering a redesigned (new) naturalization test on October 1, 2008.

More information

Shays Rebellion. Central Historical Question: How did Americans react to Shays rebellion?

Shays Rebellion. Central Historical Question: How did Americans react to Shays rebellion? Central Historical Question: How did Americans react to Shays rebellion? Materials: PowerPoint on Articles of Confederation Copies of Textbook Excerpt on Copies of Thomas Jefferson Letter Copies of Guiding

More information

The Constitutional Convention

The Constitutional Convention The Constitutional Convention Overview The American Revolution ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783 but the nation s problems were not solved by a long way. The first government, created by the Articles

More information

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM The year is 1790, and George Washington has been President under the new national government, The Constitution, for about a year.

More information

3. addition of the elastic clause to the. 4. start of the first political parties

3. addition of the elastic clause to the. 4. start of the first political parties 1 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM Name: The major role of political parties in the United States is to meet constitutional requirements nominate candidates and conduct political campaigns continue a tradition that

More information

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V. Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become

More information

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first Constitutional Connection To create a context for this lesson, have students complete Constitutional Connection: War and the Constitution. War in The Early Republic 42 Overview The War of 1812 was the

More information

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War British Domination through Trade Laws Trade Laws The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain In order to make sure that Britain had more money coming

More information

Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be?

Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be? Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be? Table of Contents Item Page Description of Summative Activity 2 Teacher Directions 2 The following day Student Directions 3

More information

Smartboard Jeopardy. L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh.googlepages.com. Lesson notes

Smartboard Jeopardy. L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh.googlepages.com. Lesson notes Smartboard Jeopardy Smartboard Jeopardy Lesson notes L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh@jmu.edu almarolh.googlepages.com Memorial Hall 3625D MSC 6907 Harrisonburg, VA 22807 540-568-4550 10th Grade

More information

The Road to the American Revolution: Events of Conflict

The Road to the American Revolution: Events of Conflict The Road to the American Revolution: Events of Conflict French and Indian War British Taxes Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party American Revolution Proclamation of 1763 First Continental Congress Lexington

More information

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide Directions: In the space provided, identify each of the following with a detailed description Significant Term, Person, or Event Text Page Description French

More information

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Use with pages 268 273. Vocabulary Parliament Britain s law-making assembly Stamp Act law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies repeal cancel

More information

Flipped Lesson 3A: : The Road to Revolution

Flipped Lesson 3A: : The Road to Revolution Flipped Lesson 3A: 1763-1775: The Road to Revolution Duncan, Mike (Producer). (2014, Feb. 16-March 2). Revolutions [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.revolutionspodcast.com/page/3/ Remember 1.

More information

Chapter 3 The English Colonies

Chapter 3 The English Colonies Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick

More information

Thomas Jefferson in the American Government

Thomas Jefferson in the American Government Thomas Jefferson in the American Government Many people only think of the Declaration of Independence when they think about Jefferson, but he did much more than that. After the American Constitution was

More information

Jefferson s Presidency. Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies.

Jefferson s Presidency. Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies. Jefferson s Presidency Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies. A. Jefferson 1. The Facts! 3 rd President! Democratic-Republican Party! Served 2 terms! (1801-1809) 1800

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE VS 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN 1 Steps to the American Revolution: REVOLUTION 13. Colonists react 12. Battle of Bunker Hill 11. 2 nd Continental

More information

When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page.

When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page. When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page. Karalynn Tyler 2015 Abe Lincoln S. Douglas John Breckinridge John Bell Since the writing of the Constitution

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION American Strengths and Weaknesses Patriotism Help from French George Washington Small army and short of soldiers Few trained for battle Army plagued by shortage of guns, gunpowder,

More information

American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review

American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review Clearly Great Britain (and other countries like France and Spain) believed in the idea of setting up colonies to benefit economically from them. Question #1

More information

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Part II

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Part II CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Part II FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR Last of a series of wars fought between Britain and France Fighting over land and fur trade in N. America. George Washington gains military

More information

U.S. History 8 DBQ Essay; Founding Fathers and their Forign Policies Culminating Assessment Plan

U.S. History 8 DBQ Essay; Founding Fathers and their Forign Policies Culminating Assessment Plan Name: Date: U.S. History 8 DBQ Essay; Founding Fathers and their Forign Policies Culminating Assessment Plan HISTORICAL CONTEXT As the American Revolution ended, the United States emerged as an independent

More information

Red, white, and blue. One for each state. Question 1 What are the colors of our flag? Question 2 What do the stars on the flag mean?

Red, white, and blue. One for each state. Question 1 What are the colors of our flag? Question 2 What do the stars on the flag mean? 1 What are the colors of our flag? Red, white, and blue 2 What do the stars on the flag mean? One for each state 3 How many stars are there on our flag? There are 50 stars on our flag. 4 What color are

More information

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government.

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government. Chapter 6: Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War

More information

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies.

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies. Unit 2 Review Game 1. Two part question: (a) What caused the French & Indian War? (b) Name the two European nations that fought in the French & Indian War. 2. Two part question: (a) What was the name of

More information

You will be writing this report in first person. (For example: I am famous for ) See the attached sample essay.

You will be writing this report in first person. (For example: I am famous for ) See the attached sample essay. Name Due date: Famous Character Essay/Biography Book Report Assignment Use this outline to guide you as you write your essay. Remember that there may be more information about certain characters than others.

More information

Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4

Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4 Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4 Standard 7 Government and Political Systems Students explain the structure and purposes of government and the foundations of the United States democratic system using

More information

Loyalists. Who Were the Loyalists?

Loyalists. Who Were the Loyalists? The Loyalists were colonists who stayed loyal to Britain and King George III during the American Revolution. They were against American independence. There were about 500,000 Loyalists when the American

More information

The Friendship of Washington and His Adopted Son, the Marquis de Lafayette

The Friendship of Washington and His Adopted Son, the Marquis de Lafayette The Friendship of Washington and His Adopted Son, the Marquis de Lafayette Diplomatic Reception Rooms U.S. DEPARTMENT of STATE Adolphe Phalipon (active c.1825 1880) Marquis de Lafayette c.1825 oil on canvas

More information

Extra Credit!!!! Checks and Balances

Extra Credit!!!! Checks and Balances Extra Credit!!!! Name: University: Date: Checks and Balances Study Questions 1. The confirms Presidential appointments to the judicial branch. 2. can impeach the President. 3. The must approve bills passed

More information

The Origins of the Bill of Rights

The Origins of the Bill of Rights A The Origins of the Bill of Rights B A C K G R O U N D E S S AY Many American colonists felt betrayed by the British government as their rights were taken away. The colonists were forced to allow British

More information

An Improbable French Leader in America By ReadWorks

An Improbable French Leader in America By ReadWorks An Improbable French Leader in America By ReadWorks The Marquis de Lafayette was an improbable leader in the American Revolutionary War. Born into the French aristocracy in 1757 and orphaned at age 13,

More information

Revolution and Independence d Life in colonial America Seven Years (French and Indian) War, 1756-6363 British demand for higher taxes to pay war debt

Revolution and Independence d Life in colonial America Seven Years (French and Indian) War, 1756-6363 British demand for higher taxes to pay war debt The Constitution I. Revolution and Independence d II. Articles of Confederation III. Constitutional Convention IV. Constitutional Basics V. Ratification VI. Constitutional Change Revolution and Independence

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

Chapter 7 Founding a Nation,

Chapter 7 Founding a Nation, OUTLINE Chapter 7 Founding a Nation, 1783-1789 This chapter discusses the challenges of governing the new United States during the first five years after the War of Independence. The focus is on the creation

More information

No Taxation without Representation

No Taxation without Representation No Taxation without Representation After the French and Indian War, England was broke. They had spent a lot of money to protect the colonists in America. England thought that America should help to pay

More information

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 The Age of Jackson Main Idea The Election of 1824 electoral changes The Election of 1828 Democratic Republicans Details/Notes Henry Clay of Kentucky, Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, and John Quincy

More information

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution 2013-2014 A. I 1. In 1776, thirteen colonies in North America did which of the following? A. established the United States of America B. ratified

More information

No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3

No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3 No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3 Results of the French and Indian War Britain became the leading European power in North America English language and traditions became the status

More information

Britain s colonisation

Britain s colonisation THE BRITISH EMPIRE Britain s colonisation The British Empire was the biggest empire in the history. Large areas of North America, Australia, Africa and Asia were part of it. Britain s colonisation began

More information

The Early Republic ( ) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for:

The Early Republic ( ) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for: The Early Republic (1788-1808) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for: Debate Over the Ratification of the Constitution (1787-1789) Leads Temporary Factions

More information

Government and Party Politics

Government and Party Politics A button from Washington s inauguration SECTION Step-by-Step ion Objectives As you teach this section, keep students focused on the following objectives to help them answer the Section Focus Question and

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire,

Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Renewed Warfare Among Europeans and Indians. English surrounded by hostile neighbors Indians, everywhere outside settled boundaries Spanish Florida region French along Great Inland System of Rivers St.

More information