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1 Ancient Egypt Handouts

2 Map of Egypt Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Ancient Egypt 1

3 Map of Egypt-Answer Sheet 30ºE 40ºE 50ºN Mediterranean Sea 40ºN Africa Alexandria Rosetta Giza Memphis Sinai Pen. Middle East 30ºN Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Valley of the Kings 1st Cataract Thebes Tropic of Cancer 2nd Cataract 3rd Cataract 4th Cataract KUSH 5th Cataract 6th Cataract Red Sea N 20ºN Blue Nile Sahara Desert 10ºN White Nile 0º Ancient Egypt 2

4 Nile River Graphic Organizer N Ancient Egypt 3

5 Nile River Boats Write the answers to the Nile River Questions in the boats. Be sure to rephrase the question in your answer and use complete sentences. Cut out your boats and arrange them along the Nile River. Ancient Egypt 4

6 Exploring the Nile River Answer the following questions on your Nile River boats. Use complete sentences and restate the question in your answer. 1. What is the longest river in the world? 2. In which direction does the Nile River flow? (north, south, east, or west) 3. Into which body of water does the Nile River flow? 4. In which hemisphere (northern or southern) is the Nile River located? 5. If the Nile River flooded in the summer, in what season would the Egyptians have planted their crops? 6. If the Nile River flooded in the summer, in what season would the Egyptians have harvested their crops? 7. What type of land feature surrounds the Nile River? 8. What is the term for a triangular-shaped area of marshy land at the mouth of a river? Ancient Egypt 5

7 Exploring the Nile River-answer key Answer the following questions on your Nile River boats. Use complete sentences and restate the question in your answer. 1. What is the longest river in the world? Nile 2. In which direction does the Nile River flow? (north, south, east, or west) North 3. Into which body of water does the Nile River flow? Mediterranean Sea 4. In which hemisphere (northern or southern) is the Nile River located? Northern 5. If the Nile River flooded in the summer, in what season would the Egyptians have planted their crops? Fall 6. If the Nile River flooded in the summer, in what season would the Egyptians have harvested their crops? Winter and Spring 7. What type of land feature surrounds the Nile River? Desert 8. What is the term for a triangular-shaped area of marshy land at the mouth of a river? Delta Ancient Egypt 6

8 History of Egypt Graphic Organizer Archaic 4000 BC-2700 BC Old Kingdom New Kingdom Middle Kingdom 2700 BC-2050 BC 2050 BC-1570 BC 1570 BC-332 BC Greek Rule 332 BC-30 BC Modern Day 1798 AD-1922 AD 4000 B.C B.C. B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C. 500 B.C. 0 B.C. Ancient Egypt 7

9 History of Egypt Graphic Organizer Answer Key New Kingdom Middle Kingdom Old Kingdom Farmers settle in the Nile Valley. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt unite, capital at Memphis, Menes is first pharaoh. Hieroglyphics developed. Archaic 4000 BC-2700 BC Step Pyramid designed and built by Imhotep. Great Pyramids built at Giza for the pharaoh Khufu. Great Sphinx built at Giza. Civil War breaks out BC-2050 BC a.k.a. The Age of the Pyramids King of Thebes reunites Egypt, capital at Thebes. Hyksos from Asia conquer Lower Egypt, Hyksos had horses, Egyptians had never seen horses before BC-1570 BC Hyksos defeated, New Kingdom begins. Hatshepsut s rule begins, female pharaoh, her rule was very peaceful. Then Thutmose s rule begins, he conquered many lands and built a great empire. Then Tutankhamen s rule begins, became pharaoh at age nine, died at age nineteen. Next, Ramses II s rule begins, Moses frees the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. Kush conquers Egypt BC-332 BC a.k.a. The Golden Age of Egypt Greek Rule Alexander the Great of Greece conquers Egypt. Capital at Alexandria (Memphis). 69 B.C.-Cleopatra s rule begins. 30 B.C.-Rome conquers Egypt, Cleopatra commits suicide 332 BC-30 BC Modern Day 1798 A.D.-Rosetta Stone is discovered in the Nile Delta by Napoleon s troops A.D.-Howard Carter discovers King Tut s tomb in the Valley of the Kings 1798 AD-1922 AD 4000 B.C B.C. B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C. 500 B.C. 0 B.C. Ancient Egypt 8

10 Aspects of Egyptian Culture pharaohs pyramids & tombs mummies Ancient Egypt 9

11 hieroglyphics religion animals Ancient Egypt 10

12 social classes medicine astronomy Ancient Egypt 11

13 Ancient Egypt 12

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