Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3)

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1 1 Name Date 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in Rome? 5. What great social skill did Caesar have? 6. How did Caesar convince people to do what he wanted them to do? 7. Who was Caesar s loyal protégée at this time? 8. Why was Caesar a threat to the conservative Senate? 9. What did Caesar stand to gain from captured enemies and booty taken from conquering Gaul? 10. Who were the two most powerful men in the Roman Empire at this time? 11. The alliance between Pompeii, Crassus and Caesar was known as the. 12. How did Caesar seal the deal? 13. What were women used as in Roman society? 14. What was Caesar s reward for offering his daughter up in marriage to Pompeii? 15. What barbarian tribe did Caesar meet on the borders of Gaul? 16. What did the Helvetians do to Caesar s rear guard? Ambush them 17. Why was it a better technique for Caesar and his army to exterminate the Helvetians? 18. What was Caesar seen a as threat to his ally Pompeii? 19. Why did Pompeii stay loyal to Caesar? 20. Pompeii protected Caesar s in Rome. 21. Caesar encountered tens of thousands of in Aeudi. 22. Caesar marched his men across to meet them. 23. Whom did Ariovistus consult before engaging in battle with Caesar? 24. How does Caesar get a great psychological advantage against Ariovistus and his barbarian warriors? 25. How many Germans did Caesar boast of killing in the battle with Ariovistus? 26. What was Caesar the first Roman to do? 27. What concern does Marcus Brutus have about a more powerful Caesar? 28. Who did Caesar seek help from at this time?

2 2 29. What happened to Crassus? 30. What happened to Caesar s daughter and her new born child? 31. How did Julia s death affect the alliance between Caesar and Pompeii? 32. What was the condition of Rome at this time? 33. What was the Gallic leader, Vercingetorix s, plan to get the enemy (Caesar and his army) 34. Who was Caesar s most trusted subordinate at this time? 35. What did Pompeii s marriage to the daughter of a senator signify? 36. Caesar is now engaged in battle with Vercingetorix and his fresh barbarian reinforcements. 37. What did soldiers have to be able to be prepared for psychologically during war? 38. What did Caesar do to his men who were dazed and confused during battle? 39. Why were Caesars campaigns important? 40. Why was Caesar hate by his rivals? 41. What did the Senate demand Caesar to do? 42. Why did he refuse? 43. What was the Rubicon River? 44. What did Pompeii do in response to Caesars return? 45. What happened to Pompeii and his army? 46. What happened to Pompeii? 47. Who beheads Pompeii? 48. What is done with his head? 49. What did Caesar do to the Republic? 50. What does he proclaim himself? 51. What did Caesar do for Brutus? 52. What idea did Brutus have in his head about protecting Rome? 53. How many daggers thrust went into Caesar? 54. Who were many of the people that participated in Caesar s assignation? 55. What was the notion of freedom that surrounded Caesar s death? 56. Does Caesar s death bring about a return to the Republic? 57. Who found a way to make the age of Emperors work in Rome?

3 3 Teacher Answer Key: Use all questions or select ones pertinent to your lesson. Also, as a means of differentiation you can cut and paste to create fewer questions based on class level. 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? Anarchy, Democracy was breaking down 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? For ransom by pirates 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? He held his own against the pirates 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in Rome? He aspired to be elected as consul 5. What great social skill did Caesar have? Writing and public speaking 6. How did Caesar convince people to do what he wanted them to do? By making a speech 7. Who was Caesar s loyal protégée at this time? Brutus 8. Why was Caesar a threat to the conservative Senate? He stands for something new, the antithesis of the senate. 9. What did Caesar stand to gain from captured enemies and booty taken from conquering Gaul? Lots of money 10. Who were the two most powerful men in the Roman Empire at this time? Pompeii & Crassus 11. The alliance between Pompeii, Crassus and Caesar was known as the triumvirate. 12. How did Caesar seal the deal? By offering his daughter in marriage to Pompeii 13. What were women used as in Roman society? Tokens of political exchange 14. What was Caesar s reward for offering his daughter up in marriage to Pompeii? A 5 year term as the governor of Gaul and a whole new continent beyond. 15. What barbarian tribe did Caesar meet on the borders of Gaul? The Helveti (3000, 000 strong) 16. What did the Helvetians do to Caesar s rear guard? Ambush them 17. Why was it a better technique for Caesar and his army to exterminate the Helvetians? The history of the slave rebellion of Spartacus lead the Romans to believe that it was better to exterminate them instead of having 3-500,000 Helvetians in Rome. 18. What was Caesar seen a as threat to his ally Pompeii? It appears that Caesar will Pompeii s place as the leading figure in Rome. 19. Why did Pompeii stay loyal to Caesar? He was married to Caesar s daughter Julia and very in love with her. 20. Pompeii protected Caesar s interests in Rome. 21. Caesar encountered tens of thousands of barbarian warriors in Aeudi. 22. Caesar marched his men across Gaul to meet them. 23. Whom did Ariovistus consult before engaging in battle with Caesar? The Pagan Gods through soothsayers 24. How does Caesar get a great psychological advantage against Ariovistus and his barbarian warriors? He forced them into battle when their Gods advised them not to fight

4 4 25. How many Germans did Caesar boast of killing in the battle with Ariovistus? 80, What was Caesar the first Roman to do? Cross the Rhine River, invade Germany and Brittan. 27. What concern does Marcus Brutus have about a more powerful Caesar? His position, His greed and overreaching ambition, a more powerful Caesar means a less powerful aristocracy 28. Who did Caesar seek help from at this time? Crassus 29. What happened to Crassus? He died in an ambush in an invasion in Carthea 30. What happened to Caesar s daughter and her new born child? They both died 31. How did Julia s death affect the alliance between Caesar and Pompeii? Destroyed/broke his alliance with Caesar 32. What was the condition of Rome at this time? Political terror, Riots in the streets based on political alliances to Pompeii and Caesar, violence becomes the norm, street gangs fight each other according to political campaigns 33. What was the Gallic leader, Vercingetorix s, plan to get the enemy (Caesar and his army) to submit or retreat from Gaul? Starving Caesar and his army into retreat by burning all the homes, stock, animals, food and land. 34. Who was Caesar s most trusted subordinates at this time? Mark Anthony 35. What did Pompeii s marriage to the daughter of a senator signify? Pompeii wants a political alliance with the aristocracy 36. Caesar is now engaged in battle with Vercingetorix and his 200,000 fresh barbarian reinforcements. 37. What did soldiers have to be able to be prepared for psychologically during war? Confront the enemy close enough to hack them to death with a two foot sword, get in close 38. What did Caesar do to his men who were dazed and confused during battle? Grab them by the throat and thrust them back into battle 39. Why were Caesars campaigns important? The take the Roman Empire away from the Mediterranean world. It now includes northern Europe 40. Why was Caesar hate by his rivals? He puts them in the shadows 41. What did the Senate demand Caesar to do? Release his army and return home 42. Why did he refuse? He knew he would be murdered when he returned home 43. What was the Rubicon River? A river boundary between Rome and outside provinces 44. What did Pompeii do in response to Caesars return? Flees with his army to Greece where support for him is strong 45. What happened to Pompeii and his army? They are defeated by Caesar in a civil war 46. What happened to Pompeii? He flees to Egypt and is murdered 47. Who beheads Pompeii? The Egyptians 48. What is done with his head? It is given to Caesar as a gift/gesture of good faith 49. What did Caesar do to the Republic? He replaces the republic 50. What does he proclaim himself? dictator for life

5 5 51. What did Caesar do for Brutus? Promoted his career, made him his closest companion 52. What idea did Brutus have in his head about protecting Rome? He was the defender of Roman Liberty 53. How many daggers thrust went into Caesar? Who were many of the people that participated in Caesar s assignation? His friends. 55. What was the notion of freedom that surrounded Caesar s death? The act of assassinating Caesar is what freedom required 56. Does Caesar s death bring about a return to the Republic? No 57. Who found a way to make the age of Emperors work in Rome? Octavian

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