1 Degrees in Ar and Culure France ses he inernaional sandard in he fields of ar and culure, in par because he counry has alwaysd creaive excellence in all of he ars: archiecure, fashion, design, he visual and graphic ars, film, and even comic ar and graphic novels. The naion s privileged posiion ress on a srong arisic radiion ha is expressed boh in public access o ar and culure and in he presence of a nework of educaional insiuions ha offer a grea array of raining programs in ar. In France more han 450,000 people are employed in culural and culure-relaed businesses, aesing o he economic vialiy and impac of he naion s passion for he ars. French ars, crafs, and know-how are found in more han 38,000 workshops, 100,000 arisanal enerprises, and 217 differen occupaions grouped ino many specialy areas including jewelry and wachmaking, woodworking, he graphic ars, he performing ars, precious mealworking, calligraphy and illuminaion, engraving, bookbinding, resoraion (drawings, prins, painings), decoraive ars, cosume making, furniure making, framing, manufacure of sringed insrumens, baske making, and so on all of which exemplify he living radiions ha help accoun for France s inernaional influence. A long radiion of arisic raining Naional public insiuions in France have offered raining in he classical ars music, dance, and heaer since he end of he eigheenh cenury. Today, in Paris and in every region of he counry, one finds public possecondary schools of ar (nearly 60), as well as schools adminisered by local chambers of commerce and indusry (called écoles consulaires), privae schools, and ar-relaed programs in nearly 50 universiies. Given his variey anyone can find a program o sui his or her educaional goals. 1 Why sudy ar in France? Because of he qualiy and variey of he available programs Training is available in every conceivable field of ar: he graphic ars, indusrial design, inerior archiecure, heaer ses, film, visual communicaion, infographics, digial ars, phoography, animaion and mulimedia, fashion design, model-making, and crafs, as well as relaed fields such as museum managemen, culural inerpreaion, ar resoraion, ar dealing, and ar hisory and heory. Because you are sure o find a program ha maches your goals Pursue a career as an aris: Choose a possecondary school of ar or applied ars, or a privae school of ar, ha offers a program ha precisely maches your ineress and alens. Become an ar criic, academic, manager, or conservaor: Look for appropriae programs in France s universiies. Because your degree will be recognized around he world France s possecondary schools of ar and applied ars, like is universiies, are excellen public insiuions ha award naional diplomas recognized by he French governmen and ransferable credis under he European Credi Transfer Sysem. Some privae schools, including hose adminisered by local chambers of commerce, can issue occupaional iles recognized by he Commission Naionale de Cerificaion Professionnelle (CNCP, naional commission on occupaional cerificaion.
2 Specific Public possecondary naional schools of ar Like engineering and managemen, he ars in France have heir very selecive Grandes Écoles, he public possecondary naional schools of ar confer maser-level insiuion diplomas in applied ars, visual ars, design and creaion, indusrial design, and phoography. École Naionale Supérieure des Ars Décoraifs (ENSAD), Paris: École Naionale Supérieure des Beaux-ars (ENSBA), Paris: École Naionale Supérieure de la Créaion Indusrielle (ENSCI-Les Aeliers), Paris: École Naionale Supérieure de la Phoographie (ENSP), Arles: Le Fresnoy - Sudio Naional des ars conemporains, Tourcoing: Two schools offer a 2 4 year curriculum in heaer and film École Naionale Supérieure des Ars e Techniques du Théâre (ENSATT), Lyon : «La Fémis» - École Naionale Supérieure des Méiers de l Image e du Son (ENSMIS), Paris : Public possecondary schools of applied ars The ESAAs award naional diplomas in very specific areas upon compleion of a 2 4 year curriculum. Graduaes are prepared o begin careers in a variey of design-relaed fields: graphic design (media, mulimedia); spaial design (inerior archiecure, lifesyle, ses); fashion, exile, and environmenal design; design of producs and services; and crafs (exiles, jewelry, books, glass, ceramics, and ohers). Lis of ESAAs: Some 50 schools of fine ars (naional, regional, and municipal), are sies of raining and creaive aciviy ha combine learning wih pracice in he arisic ac, arisic heory, research, and experimenaion in conemporary ar. Programs are offered a wo levels (capping 3 or 5 years of possecondary sudy). These schools confer naional diplomas in ar, design, and communicaion. A complee lis of public schools and heir specialies is available on he Web sie of ANdÉA (he naional associaion of possecondary schools of ar): (Écoles Supérieures d Ars Appliqués, ESAA) Public possecondary schools of ar and design supervised by he Minisry of Culure of Communicaion Schools for he preservaion and promoion of hisoric and culural heriage Three public schools of hisoric and culural heriage offer advanced programs. Some curricula prepare sudens for careers requiring knowledge of hisoric and culural heriage (ar hisorians, guides and preseners), ohers for careers involving is preservaion (conservaors, resorers, archiecs of hisoric monumens and properies). École du Louvre (EDL), Paris : École Naionale des Chares (ENC), Paris : Insiu Naional du Parimoine (INP), Paris : Privae possecondary schools of ar Many privae schools offer 3 5 year possecondary programs and confer diplomas specific o he school. Such programs are ofen cosly. Some are lised in he RNCP, he naional regisry of professional cerificaions: 2
3 Ar school admissions France s schools of ar are all highly selecive. Applicans wih a secondaryschool diploma are admied on he basis of an examinaion and a porfolio. Sudens may also be admied afer a preparaory program of 1 or even 2 years of ar sudy. Some of he bes of France s possecondary schools of ar admi no more han 5 percen of applicans. A wide variey of public and privae programs prepare sudens for he ar school enrance examinaions. Programs of preparaory raining in applied ars (known as MANAA, for Mise à Niveau en Ars Appliqués) are offered in insiuions overseen by he Minisry of Naional Educaion. They prepare sudens for admission o 2-year (L2) possecondary degree programs. Sudens are admied o MANAA programs on he basis of heir secondary-school record. The preparaory raining is provided over he course of 1 academic year (7 8 monhs, wih hours of coursework per week). 54 MANAA programs are in operaion, 41 of hem in public insiuions ha offer free uiion, and he res in privae insiuions under conrac o he minisry. The laer charge approximaely 1,800 per year. Naional diplomas awarded by France s public possecondary schools of ar APPLIED ARTS L2 Level 2-year possecondary sudy Breve de Technicien Supérieur - BTS en Ars appliqués BTS programs in applied ars rain designers in several specialies: inerior archiecure and model-making, creaive design (exile, indusrial design, inerior and landscape archiecure, visual communicaion), fashion, ars and echniques, communicaion, ypography, and medical and scienific illusraion. Success on enrance exams ofen requires a year of preparaion afer leaving secondary school. ARTS AND CRAFTS L2 Level 2-year possecondary sudy Diplôme des Méiers d Ar - DMA The successful pracice of ars and crafs demands several years of raining o maser essenial echniques and acquire know-how and dexeriy. More echnical han he BTS in applied ars (see below), he DMA enables sudens o specialize in a craf of heir choice and o acquire know-how accumulaed over many generaions. The degree also opens opporuniies for jobs as creaive design assisans and allows sudens o develop he skills needed o sar and manage a business of heir own. Insiu Naional des Méiers d Ar - INMA : M2 Level 5-year possecondary sudy Diplôme Supérieur en Ars appliqués - DSAA French baccalauréa or equivalen + 5 years of sudy; BTS, DMA, DNAT, or equivalen + 2 addiional years leading o a maser-level degree. In heir final year, sudens complee a projec on a specific heme. DSAA programs rain rue creaive designers. The degree recognizes arisic raining accompanied by pracical inernships. 3
4 FINE ARTS L3 level 3-year possecondary sudy Diplôme Naional d Ar - DNA French baccalauréa or equivalen + 3 years of sudy. The DNA is he diploma ha marks compleion of he 1s cycle ar over 3 years (180 ECTS) o he public possecondary schools of Ar. A common core year ends wih an examinaion, afer which successful sudens choose one of hree racks: ar, communicaion, or design. The nex 2 years (known as he program phase) are spen in ha rack. M2 level 5-year possecondary sudy Diplôme Naional Supérieur d Expression Plasique - DNSEP French baccalauréa or equivalen + 5 years of sudy; DNA or equivalen + 2 years leading o a maser-level degree. For 2 years (known as he projec phase), sudens pursue a personal pah wihin a creaive research workshop (known as an ARC, for Aelier de Recherche e de Créaion). During his ime hey earn credis ha are formally issued by an exernal credi-graning insiuion. The DNSEP exams have hree pars: (i) an examinaion of he suden s academic record; (ii) a review of he suden s bes work; and (iii) he suden s defense of ha work before a jury of five individuals appoined by he Minisry of Culure and Communicaion. Sudens may ake he DNSEP examinaion no more han wice. Noe Sudens who hold a degree in fine ars from a public or privae insiuion of higher educaion in France or abroad may apply o a naional commission on equivalences o have heir work recognized by a naional, regional, or municipal school of ar. Cerificaes awarded by he school and approved by he Minisry of Culure and Communicaion mark he compleion of various seps in he educaional process: wih 8 credis afer he second year is he Cerifica d Éudes Plasiques (CEAP), and upon compleion of he fourh year is he Cerifica d Éudes Supérieures d Ars Plasiques (CESAP). Universiy degrees Mos French programs in ar hisory and heory hisory of ar, heaer, cinema, and music are offered in he universiies a all hree major degree levels: Licence (bachelor), maser, and docorae. Academic programs leading o a Licence professionnelle or professional maser include a pracical raining componen. your program The universiies offer hree major ar racks: Performing ars: wih programs in film analysis, he hisory of direcing, and so on Fine ars: wih programs in ar hisory, he analysis of works of ar, and aesheics, among oher subjecs Hisory of ar: wih programs in he hisory of arisic creaion, paining, sculpure, archiecure, and more. Research in arisic fields is performed by more han a hundred eams affiliaed wih abou 30 docoral deparmens operaing wihin insiuions hroughou France. Degrees from privae schools and schools adminisered by chambers of commerce A large number of privae schools award cerificaes or diplomas or prepare sudens o seek admission o naional schools of ar. A French baccalauréa or equivalen secondary-school diploma is required for admission o hese privae schools. Many offer 3- o 5-year possecondary programs. The degrees are paricular o each school and vary widely in cos and qualiy. Some of he cerificaes and iles conferred are regisered in he RNCP, he Naional Direcory of Professional Cerificaion. Admissions are selecive and based on an enrance exam, an applicaion file, and/or an inerview. 4
5 USEFUL LINKS ANdÉA, Naional associaion of possecondary schools of ar: ADÉRA, Rhône-Alpes associaion of ar schools: Annecy, Grenoble, Lyon, Sain-Éienne, Valence e Clermon-Ferrand: APPEA, Naional associaion of public preparaory programs for he possecondary schools of ar: Inerminiserial poral for arisic and culural educaion: Naional direcory of occupaional cerificaions (RNCP) : hp://www.rncp.cncp.gouv.fr Agence pour la promoion de la créaion indusrielle (associaion for he promoion of indusrial design): Agence phoographique de la Réunion des musées naionaux (phoography agency of he assembly of naional museums): Archives françaises du film (French film archives): Archives naionales (naional archives): Alas, he base for works displayed in he Louvre: hp://carelfr.louvre.fr Kandinsky Library, informaion and research cener of he Musée naional d Ar moderne (naional museum of modern ar) Cenre de créaion indusrielle (cener for indusrial design): hp://bibliohequekandinsky.cenrepompidou.fr Caalog of he Bibliohèque naionale de France (naional library of France): hp://caalogue.bnf.fr Capadoce, foundaion for he informaion and documenaion ceners of he Minisry of Culure and Communicaion: hp://capadoce.ex.culure.fr/capadoci/jsp/login_anonymous.jsp?profile=user-fr Conemporary music informaion cener (CDMC): Cenre naional des ars plasiques (naional cener for he fine ars): Cenre Pompidou, Musée naional d ar moderne (naional museum of modern ar): Collecion of he Musée naional d ar moderne (naional museum of modern ar), wih more han 60,000 works on line): hp://collecion.cenrepompidou.fr Cié de la musique: Collecions du Musée de la musique (museum of music): hp://mediaheque.cie-musique.fr/musee/ Culurehèque Insiu Français: Enluminures (120,000 images of illuminaions, medieval manuscrips): Fédéraion Française des Fesivals Inernaionaux de Musique (French federaion of inernaional music fesivals): Film fesivals in France: Fonds naional de promoion e de communicaion de l Arisana (naional foundaion for promoion and awareness of ars and crafs): hp://www.arisana.info/meiers-hemes INMA, Insiu Naional des Méiers d Ar (naional insiue of crafs): Insiu naional du parimoine (INP, naional heriage insiue): Maser invenory of culural heriage: Insiu de recherche e coordinaion acousique/musique (Ircam, insiue for musical and acousical research and coordinaion): Joconde, caalog of he collecions of he museums of France: Media cener of he direcorae of music, dance, heaer, and show: Media cener of he École naionale supérieure des beaux-ars de Paris (80,000 reviews of conemporary ar): Minisry of Culure and Communicaion: Musées de France, maser caalog of he libraries of France s naional museums: Muséofile, a direcory of French museums: Narcisse, scienific images of museum laboraory works (12,000 aricles and images): Digial heriage, a caalog of collecions: PhoCEM, daabase of he phoography collecions of he Musée des civilisaions de l Europe e de la Médierrannée (museum of European and Medierranean civilizaions): Réperoire des ars du specacle (performing ars direcory): hp://rasp.culure.fr Réunion des musées naionaux (RMN, assembly of naional museums): Techniques conemporaines uilisées dans les monumens hisoriques (TCMH, conemporary echniques used on hisoric monumens): 5
6 Ar degrees and Culure wihin he LMD sysem GOOD TO KNOW The porfolio (ofen called le book in French) is an indispensable par of he applicaion for admission o a possecondary school of ar in France. Universiies and some privae schools offer programs in heoreical and criical aspecs of ar and in he business and managemen of ar (adminisraion of culural insiuions, organizaion of arisic evens, gallery managemen, sales). A good command of French is indispensable for he successful sudy of ar in France. Sudens mus score a level B2 or C1 or above on he Common European Framework for Languages. The CampusAr online applicaion sysem CAMPUS FRANCE campusfrance.org CampusAr is a nework of approximaely 60 French insiuions (public and privae schools, plus universiies), hosed by Campus France, offering 200 programs in ar and archiecure a he Licence (bachelor), Maser and Pos-maser levels. Applicans complee an online applicaion form (under cerain condiions) ha is accessible by all members of he nework. Applicans can rack online heir file o he poin of receiving offers of admission. To apply hrough CampusAr, sudens mus: have compleed a leas 3 years of raining in ar or archiecure earn a good French proficiency score in he scheme of he Common European Framework for Languages presen heir porfolio on a personal Web sie. Campus France local offices (Espaces Campus France) can assis sudens in preparing heir applicaion. Conac: France offices around you 6 Sepember 2015