17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4)"

Transcription

1 17 Locomotion in humans 17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4) Structure of the skeleton (Book 3, p.4) The skeleton is made up of: (1) bones ( ) (2) cartilage Bones (Book 3, p.4) Bones are hard tissues made up of (3) living cells and (4) minerals, e.g. calcium phosphate. (5) Blood vessels run through the bones so that oxygen and nutrients are supplied for the growth and development of the bones, and carbon dioxide and other waste are removed. (6) Nerves are also present to provide sensations from the bones. Cartilage (Book 3, p.4) Cartilage is made up of (7) living cells. As it contains a smaller amount of minerals, it is (8) softer than bones. It can be found between bones to reduce (9) friction as the surfaces of the bones move against one another. It also gives shape to structures such as Ear Nose Oxford University Press

2 The general plan of our skeleton (Book 3, p.5) The skeleton is divided into the (1) axial skeleton (Š ) and the (2) appendicular skeleton (òí ). A (5) collar bone D B (3) sternum (6) shoulder bone (í ) (4) rib (7) humerus ( ) (í ) C (8) radius E (9) ulna F (10) femur (í ) (11) knee cap ( ) G (12) tibia (13) fibula The human skeleton Note: There are three types of skeletal systems: external (exoskeleton), internal (endoskeleton) and fluid-based (hydrostatic skeleton). The human skeleton is an endoskeleton. 2 Oxford University Press 2005

3 Axial skeleton (Book 3, p.6) The axial skeleton forms the central axis of the body. It is mainly for (1) support and protection of (2) internal organs. It includes: Structure Function A (3) Skull Protects the brain Protects sense organs such as eyes and ears B (4) Rib cage ( ) Protects the lungs and the heart Allows the breathing movement (5) Vertebral Supports the body weight C column Protects the spinal cord Provides surfaces for muscle attachment to maintain an upright posture Appendicular skeleton (Book 3, p.6) The appendicular skeleton lies on either side of the body. It allows (6) movement of the body. It includes: Structure Function D (7) Pectoral girdle (í ) Forms the shoulders Joins the arms to the axial skeleton E (8) Fore limb (õí) Allows locomotion F (9) Pelvic girdle Forms the hips Joins the legs to the axial skeleton G (10) Hind limb (þí) Allows locomotion Oxford University Press

4 Functions of the skeleton (Book 3, p.7) Function Description Support Allows the body to stand (1) upright and gives shape to it Movement Bones act as (2) levers during movement Bones provide hard surfaces for attachment of (3) muscles which can contract and relax in a coordinated way Protection of the internal organs Skull protects the (4) brain and some sense organs Rib cage protects the lungs and the (5) heart Vertebral column protects the (6) spinal cord 4 Oxford University Press 2005

5 Function Production of blood cells Description (1) Bone marrow in long bones produces red blood cells, white blood cells and blood platelets bone marrow Storage of minerals Store minerals such as (2) calcium ( ) and phosphorus calcium phosphate 17.2 What is the muscular system? (Book 3, p.8) The muscular system is made of many different sets of (3) muscles ( ) all over the body. Muscles are the body s (4) principal effectors for locomotion. When stimulated, they contract to bring about movement of the bones. Each muscle is attached to its associated bones through (5) tendons ( ), which transmit the pulling force produced by muscle contraction to the bones, to allow muscles to control the way bones move. tendons shoulder bone tendons muscles ulna radius humerus tendons Tendons attach the muscles to the bones Oxford University Press

6 17.3 How do humans move? (Book 3, p.10) A(1) joint is the place where two or more bones meet. The structure of a joint (Book 3, p.10) A B C Movable joint Structure Function (2) Ligament Prevents (3) dislocation ( ±) A Allows the limb bones at the joint to move in a controlled way B (4) Synovial membrane Secrets (5) synovial fluid to reduce friction between the ends of the bones (6) Cartilage Absorbs (7) shock C Reduces friction between the ends of bones Protects the bones from wearing away Note: 1 Some joints are immovable, i.e. do not allow any movement, e.g. the joints between the bones of the skull. 2 Ligament is a short band of tough connective tissues composed of collagen fibres. 6 Oxford University Press 2005

7 Action of muscles on bones (Book 3, p.11) Muscles are attached to the limb bones across joints through tendons. They usually work as pairs of (1) opposing muscles ( ). The alternate contraction and relaxation of the pair of muscles bring about movements of the limb bones. A muscle which bends a limb when it contracts is called a (2) flexor. A muscle which straightens the same limb when it contracts is called an (3) extensor. In the movement of the forearm, (4) biceps ( ) is the flexor and the (5) triceps ( ) is the extensor. Arm model Bending the arm Extending the arm tendons tendons triceps biceps triceps biceps forearm elbow joint forearm Biceps (6) Contract / Relax (9) Contract / Relax Triceps (7) Contract / Relax (10) Contract / Relax Forearm (8) Raised /Lowered (11) Raised /Lowered Oxford University Press

8 The lever principle of movement (Book 3, p.12) Bones at joints act as (1) levers during movement. The forearm acts as a lever during movement: Lever Forearm effort contraction of the biceps fulcrum load weight of the forearm joint Fulcrum ( ) (2) Joint (3) Load Weight of the forearm Effort ( ) (4) Contraction of the biceps Go To Practical 17.1 Examination of an arm model (Student s Book 3 p.12; Activity Book 3 p.1) Types of movable joints (Book 3, p.13) Different types of movable joints allow different degrees of movement. Hinge joint (Book 3, p.13) Hinge joints ( ) allow movement of bones in (5) one plane only. Examples include the elbow joint hinge and the knee joint. Hinge joint 8 Oxford University Press 2005

9 Ball and socket joint (Book 3, p.13) Ball and socket joints ( ) allow movement of bones in (1) three planes. Examples include the shoulder joint and the hip joint. ball socket Ball and socket joint Go To STS connection 17.1 Health issues related to the skeleton and muscles (Student s Book 3 p.14; Activity Book 3 p.3) Quick check (Student s Book 3 p.14) 17.4 How do we keep our skeleton and muscles healthy? (Book 3, p.15) Keep correct posture. Avoid poorly fitting shoes. Avoid carrying heavy schoolbags. Avoid poor working conditions like dim light and low work surfaces. Go To STS connection 17.2 Occupational safety (Student s Book 3p.15;Activity Book 3 p.7) Review (Student s Book 3 p.16) Summary concept diagram (Student s Book 3 p.17) Oxford University Press

10 Practice question The diagram below shows the knee joint of a human. a i Name the type of joint to which the knee joint belongs. (1 mark) Hinge joint (1m). ii What is the difference in the degree of movement provided by the knee joint and the shoulder joint? (2 marks) The knee joint allows movement of bones in one plane only (1m) while the shoulder joint allows movement of bones in three planes (1m). b Name structure A and give a function of it. (2 marks) Ligament (1m). To prevent dislocation of the joint during movement (1m). c i If structure B wears away and exposes the bones underneath, how would the movement at the joint be affected? (2 marks) The friction between the ends of bones increases (1m). The movement at the ii joint becomes more difficult (1m). Who will have a higher chance of having structure B worn away? Give two examples. (2 marks) Athletes and the elderly (1m x 2). END Total: 9 marks 10 Oxford University Press 2005

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT UNIT - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Chapter 18 LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT Movement is an important feature of living organism. Both the microbes and macrobes show wide range of movements. The movements results in change

More information

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V CLOSED CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1994 Grade Levels: 5-10 20 minutes DESCRIPTION A strong, healthy body moves freely and rapidly in its daily activities,

More information

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F.1.2.1 The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions

More information

UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE

UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE TOPIC 1: TOPIC 2: BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE GRADES 6-7 UNIT 5 FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & GRADES PROPER

More information

Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems

Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems Chapter 36 Skeletal, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems Section 36 1 The Skeletal System (pages 921 925) This section describes the skeletal system and its functions. Introduction (page 921) 1. What forms

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural 36 1 The Skeletal System To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural support. Unicellular organisms have a cytoskeleton that provides structural support. In multicellular animals,

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

www.ghadialisurgery.com

www.ghadialisurgery.com P R E S E N T S Dr. Mufa T. Ghadiali is skilled in all aspects of General Surgery. His General Surgery Services include: General Surgery Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery Surgical Oncology Gastrointestinal

More information

The Functions of the Skeletal System

The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46341 1 The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS i A Wealth of Information. A World of Ideas. Instructor s Guide The Human Body: How It Works Introduction This program is part of the nine-part series The Human Body: How It Works. The series uses physiologic

More information

67 The Human Skeleton

67 The Human Skeleton 67 The Human Skeleton Skull SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. Clavicle (collarbone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Femur Tibia Humerus Ulna Sternum (breastbone)

More information

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4 Unit 2 The skeletal system In this unit Bones of the human skeleton: medical and common names Plural nouns of Latin origin Describing bones Adjectives describing anatomical position Bone structure Osteoporosis

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function 7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function For the next two chapters (7 and 9) we will study the skeletal system. Although the major feature of this system is the bones, the skeletal system also consists

More information

Name. Most of the bones of the limbs (arms & legs) act as levers. These levers are powered by muscles.

Name. Most of the bones of the limbs (arms & legs) act as levers. These levers are powered by muscles. Bones as Levers 1 Name Bones as Levers You may not think of your limbs as being machines, but they are. The action of a muscle pulling on a bone often works like a type of simple machine called a lever.

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Republic Polytechnic. Continuing Education & Training. Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology

Republic Polytechnic. Continuing Education & Training. Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology Republic Polytechnic Continuing Education & Training Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology Module Anatomy and Physiology Description This module introduces the basic human anatomical organization, tissue

More information

9/3/2013 JOINTS. Joints. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION:

9/3/2013 JOINTS. Joints. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS Joints A connection between 2 or more bones A pivot point for bony motion The features of the joint help determine The ROM freedom Functional potential of the joint Axial

More information

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials Lab #14H The Muscular System Pre- Lab Discussion Muscle tissue consists of groups of cells that are specialized for contraction. In the body, muscle tissue is usually organized into organs called muscles.

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND The Skeletal System is made up of the bones of the body and the joints between the bones, as well as certain connective tissue (cartilage and ligaments.) This lesson

More information

Human Anatomy & Physiology I with Dr. Hubley. Practice Exam #2

Human Anatomy & Physiology I with Dr. Hubley. Practice Exam #2 Human Anatomy & Physiology I with Dr. Hubley Practice Exam #2 For questions 1 through 3, select your answers from the following responses: a. stratified squamous epithelium b. reticular connective tissue

More information

The Search for the Missing Bones

The Search for the Missing Bones The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #2 The Search for the Missing Bones Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s)

More information

8/25/2014 JOINTS. The Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION:

8/25/2014 JOINTS. The Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS The Skeletal System Made up of the numerous bones of the human body Gives support and framework to the body Protects vital organs Manufactures blood cells Storage of calcium

More information

Anatomy of the Arm 1

Anatomy of the Arm 1 Anatomy of the Arm 1 Your Ideas How can you find out or see inside the arm? What imaging techniques can we use? 2 Imaging Techniques X-ray http://health.howstuffworks.com/x-ray.htm http://web.kanazawa-u.ac.jp/~med23/nmc/prepcase9912.html

More information

Based on the material that binds the bones together. Based on the degreee of movement they permit

Based on the material that binds the bones together. Based on the degreee of movement they permit Based on the material that binds the bones together Based on the degreee of movement they permit Diarthroses: Synovial Joints Freely movable Each joint contains a fluid filled joint cavity called the synovial

More information

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date:

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Introduction: Histology is often a very difficult topic for students. You are expected to understand the morphology and function of

More information

The Skeletal System. "Support System"

The Skeletal System. Support System The Skeletal System "Support System" Types of skeletal systems in the animal Kingdom 1-Hydrostatic skeleton: as in flatworms and annelids, where the fluid found in their ceolom acts as a skeletal system

More information

THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS. The Bones & Joints

THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS. The Bones & Joints THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS The Bones & Joints CLOSE YOUR POWERPOINT HANDOUTS!! Think-Pair-Share: Why do we need bones? Try to think of 3 reasons. THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Is made up of numerous bones

More information

Section B: Epithelial Tissue 1. Where are epithelial tissues found within the body? 2. What are the functions of the epithelial tissues?

Section B: Epithelial Tissue 1. Where are epithelial tissues found within the body? 2. What are the functions of the epithelial tissues? Tissue worksheet Name Section A: Intro to Histology Cells are the smallest units of life. In complex organisms, cells group together with one another based on similar structure and function to form tissues.

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

Middle California Region USPC Upper Level Horse Management Education. Tendons, Ligaments, Joints & the Skeletal System By Claudia Deffenbaugh

Middle California Region USPC Upper Level Horse Management Education. Tendons, Ligaments, Joints & the Skeletal System By Claudia Deffenbaugh Tendons - connect Muscle to Bone Middle California Region USPC Upper Level Horse Management Education Tendons, Ligaments, Joints & the Skeletal System By Claudia Deffenbaugh Tendons are fibrous cords of

More information

Muscle Movements, Types, and Names

Muscle Movements, Types, and Names Muscle Movements, Types, and Names A. Gross Skeletal Muscle Activity 1. With a few exceptions, all muscles cross at least one joint 2. Typically, the bulk of the muscle lies proximal to the joint it crossed

More information

CHAPTER 8: JOINTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. 4. Name the three types of fibrous joints and give an example of each.

CHAPTER 8: JOINTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. 4. Name the three types of fibrous joints and give an example of each. OBJECTIVES: 1. Define the term articulation. 2. Distinguish between the functional and structural classification of joints, and relate the terms that are essentially synonymous. 3. Compare and contrast

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS Joints A connection between 2 or more bones A pivot point for bony motion The features of the joint help determine The ROM Degrees of freedom Functional potential of the

More information

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes

More information

Tissue Slides for Studying

Tissue Slides for Studying Tissue Slides for Studying Simple squamous single layer of flat cells substances pass easily through line air sacs line blood vessels line lymphatic vessels Surface of simple squamous Simple cuboidal single

More information

Level 2 Certificate in Fitness Instructing Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology

Level 2 Certificate in Fitness Instructing Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology Level 2 Certificate in Fitness Instructing Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology These questions have been compiled based on the information available for the above qualification and unit. This mock should be

More information

Exploring Creation with Advanced Biology ~ Schedule for 2015-2016 Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Date:

Exploring Creation with Advanced Biology ~ Schedule for 2015-2016 Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Date: Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Mon., Aug. 31 Tue., Sep. 1 Wed., Sept. 2 Thurs., Sept. 3 Fri., Sept. 4 Reading Pgs. 1-4; Introduction, Heart of the matter, Pgs. 5-8; Organization

More information

THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS

THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS THE SKELETAL & ARTICULAR SYSTEMS The Bones & Joints Is made up of numerous bones and is the rigid framework of the human body It gives support and shape to the body It protects vital organs such as the

More information

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions.

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions. Team Members: System: Your team s job is prepare a presentation to educate your classmates about one of the body systems that makes up the human body. Your presentation must include the following requirements:

More information

Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular System Cardiovascular System The cardiovascular systems function is to pump blood and deliver it to the rest of the body. The cardiovascular system is most closely related to the circulatory system. The blood

More information

ANSWER KEY. Bones, Muscles, and Skin

ANSWER KEY. Bones, Muscles, and Skin Bones, Muscles, and Skin Chapter Project Worksheet 1 1. It must be able to grasp, lift, and release; it must be activated by a pulled cord or string; it must spring back when the cord is released. 2. The

More information

Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System

Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System Name Class Date Station # Laboratory Investigation 24B Chapter 24B: The Skeletal System Human Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System You may refer to pages 422-425 in your textbook for a general discussion

More information

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability.

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability. Muscles and Bones Lesson aim To familiarise students with the function of the skeleton and how muscles attached to the skeleton allow us to move. Lesson objectives Students will be expected to: Work effectively

More information

Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment. Assessed Understandings

Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment. Assessed Understandings Human Body Grade 3 Summative Assessment Students will understand: Assessed Understandings 1. Bones, muscles, and joints function as a system allowing vertebrates to move and survive. 2. Structures and

More information

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1 HUMAN BODY Grade Level or Special Area: Third Grade Written by: Vicki Menefee, Louisville Elementary School, Louisville, CO Length of Unit: Seven lessons (seven days, one day = 45 minutes) not including

More information

Articulations - where two bones interconnect.

Articulations - where two bones interconnect. Articulations Articulations - where two bones interconnect. Immovable joints Synarthroses, or fibrous Example: Sutures of skull Slightly moveable joints Amphiarthroses, or cartilaginous Example: Symphysis

More information

North Bergen School District Benchmarks

North Bergen School District Benchmarks Grade: 10,11, and 12 Subject: Anatomy and Physiology First Marking Period Define anatomy and physiology, and describe various subspecialties of each discipline. Describe the five basic functions of living

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. NURS1004 Week 6 Part I Prepared by Didy Button Skeletal system An Introduction to the Skeletal System The Skeletal System Includes: Bones of the skeleton Cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues 6-1

More information

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 2016 Suite Cambridge TECHNICALS LEVEL 3 SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Unit 1 Body systems and the effects of physical activity K/507/4452 Guided learning hours: 90 Version 2 - Revised content - March 2016

More information

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs point away from body Right, left, front, back, top, bottom are the subject s (cadaver s) P.O.V. NOT

More information

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8)

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Primary Sources for figures and content:

More information

Avian Skeletal Morphology

Avian Skeletal Morphology Avian Skeletal Morphology To Know Skull/Face Trunk and Limbs Cranium Vertebral ribs Occipital Sternal ribs Parietal Uncinate processes Frontal Sternum and keel Squamosal Pectoral Girdle Jugal (zygomatic

More information

The skeletal and muscular systems

The skeletal and muscular systems anatomy and physiology The skeletal and muscular systems CHAPTER 1: Anatomy and physiology LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this chapter, you should be able to: Describe an overview of the skeletal system

More information

Body systems and energy for physical activity

Body systems and energy for physical activity Body systems and energy for physical activity Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Body systems and energy for physical activity Introduction The body consists of complex structures that are made up of many parts, and

More information

MUSCLES G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

MUSCLES G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance MUSCLES Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should: Be able to describe and explain how muscles

More information

Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together.

Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together. Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together. CLASSES OF JOINTS. 1. Joints are classified according to how the bones are held together. 2. The three types of

More information

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4) Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) neck region Thoracic vert. (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity Lumbar vert. (5) Supports the lower back Sacral vert. (5) Fused, immovable Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

More information

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Body Systems II Body Systems Digestion our bodies break down food and use Skeletal system the skeleton is made up of bones that support our the nutrients to

More information

Exercise Theory Performance Standards 2014

Exercise Theory Performance Standards 2014 Exercise Theory s 2014 National Fitness Leadership Alliance Alberta Fitness Leadership Certification Association (AFLCA) British Columbia Recreation and Parks Association (BCRPA) Saskatchewan Parks and

More information

Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game.

Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game. Welcome to the site that will help you prepare for the Name the Tissue and its Function game. Questions to remember while you are practicing: a. What is the tissue type? b. What is its function? c. How

More information

JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS

JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS JC BIOLOGY DEFINITIONS 7 characteristics of living things - feeding, respiration, movement, sensitivity, growth, reproduction, excretion. Tissue similar cells doing the same job, muscle, blood, skin. Organ

More information

FORM, FUNCTION & MOVEMENT READINGS: CHAPTER 40 (820-827) CHAPTER 49 (1063-1074)

FORM, FUNCTION & MOVEMENT READINGS: CHAPTER 40 (820-827) CHAPTER 49 (1063-1074) Winter 08 1 of 8 FORM, FUNCTION & MOVEMENT READINGS: CHAPTER 40 (820-827) CHAPTER 49 (1063-1074) STRUCTURE VERSUS FUNCTION The structure of an object greatly influences its A square wheel is not The correlations

More information

BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES

BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES 1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology, and explain their relationship using an example of a human structure with its corresponding function. A. ANATOMY = the study of

More information

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information.

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information. A spinal cord injury is damage to your spinal cord that affects your movement, feeling, or the way your organs work. The injury can happen by cutting, stretching, or swelling of the spinal cord. Injury

More information

S.M.A.R.T.box. Skeletal System The Infrastructure Teacher s Guide CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP. Standards-based MediA Resource for Teachers

S.M.A.R.T.box. Skeletal System The Infrastructure Teacher s Guide CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP. Standards-based MediA Resource for Teachers CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP S.M.A.R.T.box Standards-based MediA Resource for Teachers TM Skeletal System The Infrastructure Teacher s Guide 33118 A DIVISION OF FILMS MEDIA GROUP INTRODUCTION This Teacher s

More information

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions Unit 3L.4: Organs in the Human body Keeping Healthy The Skeleton Science skills: Classification Observing Making models Data collection By the end of this unit you should: Compare the structure of humans

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)

More information

Name Class Date. Materials Part 1. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle Diagrams.

Name Class Date. Materials Part 1. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle. Part 1: Microscopic Structure of Muscle Diagrams. Name Class Date Station # Laboratory Investigation 12 Chapter 24C: The Muscular System Human Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System You may refer to pages 426-428 in your textbook for a general discussion

More information

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals CLASS TEST GRADE 11 LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals MARKS: 45 TIME: 1 hour INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. Answer ALL the questions. 2. Number the answers correctly

More information

Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology

Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 1 -Human Organization What do you need to do to pass this class? MEMORIZE! The Scope of Human Anatomy Human anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body.

More information

7 TH GRADE FINAL EXAM PRACTICE TEST. Part I: Cells. 1. The cell grows to its mature size during. a. mitosis b. prophase c. telophase d.

7 TH GRADE FINAL EXAM PRACTICE TEST. Part I: Cells. 1. The cell grows to its mature size during. a. mitosis b. prophase c. telophase d. 7 TH GRADE FINAL EXAM PRACTICE TEST Part I: Cells 1. The cell grows to its mature size during a. mitosis b. prophase c. telophase d. interphase 2. The final stage of the cell cycle is called a. interphase

More information

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 2 ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 2 ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 2 ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY Human beings are arguably the most complex organisms on this planet. Imagine billions of microscopic parts, each with its own identity,

More information

HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's

HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's HUMAN ANATOMY for CNA's & HHA's INTRODUCTION Anatomy is the study of the structure of the organs and tissues of the human body. Our bodies are made up of tiny, microscopic building blocks called cells.

More information

Osseous Tissue & Structure. The skeletal system includes: Storage of minerals: calcium salts

Osseous Tissue & Structure. The skeletal system includes: Storage of minerals: calcium salts Chapter 15 Lecture The Skeletal System: Osseous Tissue & Skeletal Structure The Skeletal System The skeletal system includes: Bones, cartilages, ligaments Bone tissue = osseous tissue Includes living cells

More information

Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I

Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I Fall 2016 Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I COURSE OUTLINE Faculty Name: Enter Faculty Name Here Program Head: Enter Program Head Here Dean s Review: Dean s Signature: Date Reviewed: / / Revised: Fall

More information

CONTINUING EDUCATION COURSES. for Massage Therapists. Online!

CONTINUING EDUCATION COURSES. for Massage Therapists. Online! CONTINUING EDUCATION COURSES for Massage Therapists Online! ccmh Halifax Canadian College of Massage & Hydrotherapy Online Continuing Education Program CCMH Halifax offers a variety of Continuing Education

More information

II. 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Muscles and Bones: Framework and Movement, 3 rd Grade 1

II. 2005 Core Knowledge National Conference, Muscles and Bones: Framework and Movement, 3 rd Grade 1 Muscles and Bones: Framework and Movement Grade Level or Special Area: 3 rd Grade Written by: Anita Gimple, Lincoln Academy Charter School, Arvada, Colorado Length of Unit: Nine lessons and culminating

More information

Skeletal System. Chapter 5

Skeletal System. Chapter 5 Skeletal System Chapter 5 Components of the Skeletal System Skeleton subdivided Axial Skeleton-longitudinal axis of body Appendicular Skeletonlimbs and girdles Skeletal System includes Joints 3 types Cartilages

More information

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. 7 th edition Marieb, Elaine, 2003. Chapters 10-11. Lab Manual, 2 nd edition and coloring book, 7 th edition

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. 7 th edition Marieb, Elaine, 2003. Chapters 10-11. Lab Manual, 2 nd edition and coloring book, 7 th edition Topic/Unit: Anatomy & Physiology Circulatory System Curricular Goals/ Learning Outcomes: Students will be able to identify the composition of blood and its function. Students will be able to differentiate

More information

Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care

Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care Unit 32: Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care Unit code: QCF Level 3: Credit value: 10 Guided learning hours: 60 Aim and purpose R/600/8987 BTEC National This unit aims to enable learners to

More information

Basic Biomechanics. What is Kinesiology? Why do we need Kinesiology? the body as a living machine for locomotion

Basic Biomechanics. What is Kinesiology? Why do we need Kinesiology? the body as a living machine for locomotion Basic Biomechanics the body as a living machine for locomotion What is Kinesiology? Kinesis: To move -ology: to study: The study of movement What the heck does that mean? Why do we need Kinesiology? As

More information

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body Objectives Axial Skeleton 2 Vertebral Column and Thorax 1. Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular 2. Explain how the spine supports the body. 3. Explain the changes on vertebrae

More information

Systems of the Human Body

Systems of the Human Body . s^^-^^. 0^^- B «*-^.^^^--"'- s»'"-^w.^*"' Systems of the Human Body The body is made up of an amazing group of systems. The systems of the body all work together and need each other to keep the body

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES 4.01 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM A. Support 1. Provides a framework for the body. 2. Supports soft tissue. 3. Serves as a point of attachment for ligaments,

More information

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION CHAPTER 9 BODY ORGANIZATION Objectives Identify the meaning of 10 or more terms relating to the organization of the body Describe the properties of life Describe the function for the structures of the

More information