Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21"

Transcription

1 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions that are related. SC.H The student knows that to work collaboratively, all team members should be free to reach, explain, and justify their own individual conclusions. SC.H The student knows that a model of something is different from the real thing, but can be used to learn something about the real thing. ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES The following suggestions are intended to help identify major concepts covered in the activity that may need extra reinforcement. The goal is to provide opportunities to assess student progress without creating the need for a separate, formal assessment session (or activity) for each of the 40 hands-on activities at this grade level. 1. Ask, If your leg bones were really connected like this activity s model bones were, do you think you would be able to run faster than you can run now? (No, your stride would be too wide to control.) Have students use their model bones to test this out. Then ask, What are some things the skeleton of bones in your body allows you to do? What are some things you do to protect your skeleton from damage? (Accept all reasonable responses.) 2. Use the Activity Sheet(s) to assess student understanding of the major concepts in the activity. In addition to the above assessment suggestions, the questions in bold and tasks that students perform throughout the activity provide opportunities to identify areas that may require additional review before proceeding further with the activity. broward county hands-on science Quarter 3 255

2 256 activity 21 Human Bones

3 activity 21 Human Bones OBJECTIVES Students observe and discuss the functions of various bones in the human body. The students identify some of the bones in the human body observe that bones support the body and protect vital organs observe that bones are connected to one another at the joints construct a model of the leg SCHEDULE About 45 minutes VOCABULARY clavicle cranium femur fibula humerus joint mandible patella pelvis MATERIALS radius rib scapula skeletal system skeleton sternum tibia ulna vertebra For each student 1 Activity Sheet 21, Parts A and B 2 paper fasteners For each team of two 1 pair scissors* For the class 1 cardboard skeleton 1 model skeleton 1 poster, Human Skeleton 1 transparency, skeleton *provided by the teacher PREPARATION Make a copy of Activity Sheet 21, Parts A and B, for each student. Each student will need two paper fasteners. Each team of two students will need a pair of scissors. Hang the Human Skeleton poster where students can see it. Allow students access to the model skeleton. BACKGROUND INFORMATION Bones make up the skeleton, which is the framework of our body (see Figure 21-1). Bones support the body, protect vital organs, and provide a place for muscles to attach. The skeleton of an adult human consists of 206 bones: 29 in the skull including the bones in the face and middle ear; 26 in the spine (vertebrae); 29 in the rib cage (ribs and sternum); 60 in the shoulders, arms, and hands; and 62 in the hipbone (pelvis), legs, and feet. Human bones are made of protein and calcium phosphate, in about equal amounts. The protein component is the bone marrow, blood, blood vessels, and nerves. The calcium phosphate component is the hard, whitish, shell-like exterior you see when you look at a bleached and dried bone. The largest bone in the human body accounting for about one-fourth of body height is the thigh bone (femur) in the leg. The three smallest bones each less than 2 mm long are in the middle ear. broward county hands-on science Quarter 3 257

4 cranium mandible scapula clavicle sternum ribs humerus pelvis radius ulna vertebrae carpals metacarpals phalanges femur patella tibia fibula Figure The human skeleton. 258 activity 21 Human Bones tarsals metatarsals phalanges

5 Activity Sheet 21, Part A Activity Sheet 21, Part B Human Bones Human Bones 1. Label the bones of the human skeleton. 2. Cut out the bones. Put them together to make a model as shown in the picture. Use your model to see how the joints move. cranium scapula ribs mandible clavicle sternum humerus paper fastener paper fastener A B A pelvis radius ulna carpals metacarpals phalanges vertebrae femur tibia fibula patella tarsals metatarsals phalanges B 1 Guiding the Activity Write the word skeleton on the board. Students will probably know that a skeleton is made up of different bones. Ask, What do you think bones do? Additional Information Students may say that bones support the body and that certain bones protect vital organs. 2 Write the words skeletal system on the board. Tell students that the skeletal system consists of the bones that provide support for the body. In an adult human, the skeletal system consists of about 200 bones. Distribute Activity Sheet 21, Part A, to each student. Display the transparency of the human skeleton and pronounce the name of each bone. Encourage students to say the names of the bones aloud with you and to write these names in the appropriate spot on the diagram in Activity Sheet 21, Part A. broward county hands-on science Quarter 3 259

6 Guiding the Activity Starting at the head and working your way down, identify the cranium (skull) and the mandible (lower jaw). Point to the skull and ask, Which organs are protected by the skull? Call their attention to the clavicle, sternum, ribs, and vertebrae. Ask, Which organs are protected by these bones? Explain that every adult human has twelve pairs of ribs and twenty-six vertebrae. Mention that the clavicle is also called the collarbone, the sternum is also called the breast bone, and the scapula is often referred to as the shoulder blade. Now focus on the arms. Tell students to feel the bones in their own arms. The long bone of the upper arm is called the humerus. The lower arm (forearm) has two bones: the ulna and the radius. The hand is made of many small bones. Next, focus on the legs. Our legs are attached to our pelvis, or hipbone. The femur is the thigh bone and the patella is the kneecap. The lower leg has two bones: the tibia (shin) and the fibula. The foot is made of many small bones. Ask, Which bone do you think supports the most weight? Distribute Activity Sheet 21, Part B, and two paper fasteners to each student. Divide the class into teams of two and give each team a pair of scissors. Have students identify the bones pictured on the activity sheet, and then have them cut out the bones. Tell them to use paper fasteners to join the upper and lower leg bones at the hip and knee. 260 activity 21 Human Bones Additional Information Students will probably state that the brain is protected by the skull, but make sure they know that the eyes and inner parts of the ears are also protected by the skull. The heart and lungs are protected by the ribs and sternum. The spinal cord is protected by the vertebrae. Students may know that the femur supports the most weight.

7 8 9 Guiding the Activity Write the word joint on the board. Ask, What are joints? What is their function? Tell students that joints are where adjoining bones meet. By enabling the bones to sit at different angles to one another, joints make it possible for the body to bend, kneel, twist, and turn. Ask students to investigate how the parts of their leg models move. Ask, Which parts represent joints? Ask students, How is the model leg different from a real leg? Ask, Where in the human body are the bones and joints that allow the most precise movements located? Explain that short bones and the joints between them permit delicate movements. Have students compare the movements of their fingers and toes with those of their arms and legs. Additional Information Accept all reasonable answers. The two paper fasteners represent joints in that they are the points at which the bones meet and they enable connecting bones to move in relation to one another. Students will probably say that the model leg moves in ways a real leg cannot. Students will probably say that they can perform precise movements with their hands and feet. R EINFORCEMENT Have students work together to assemble the cardboard skeleton. SCIENCE JOURNALS Have students place their completed activity sheets in their science journals. C LEANUP Return the transparency to the kit. Discard the paper scraps. Have the class display their leg models, or take them home. broward county hands-on science Quarter 3 261

8 Connections Science Challenge The following demonstration illustrates the importance of calcium and phosphorus in strong bones: Let students examine uncooked leg or thigh bones from a chicken. Safety Note: Make sure that you remove all the meat and wash the bones thoroughly before letting students handle them. Ask students whether they can bend a bone without breaking it. (no) Then put the bones in a jar filled with vinegar. After at least three days, remove the bones, rinse them with water, and let students try to bend them again. (They will bend.) Ask students to suggest a reason for the soaked bones flexibility. (The acidic vinegar dissolved the calcium and phosphorus in the bones, leaving them soft and flexible.) Ask students to explain why calcium and phosphorus are important minerals in their diet. (They help build strong bones.) Science Extension Obtain several long bones from a butcher shop or the meat department of a supermarket. Ask the meat cutter to saw some of the bones crosswise and the rest lengthwise. Let students examine the cut bones and describe what they see. The crosswise cut shows the cylindrical shape of a long bone s shaft and its hollow, marrowfilled core. The lengthwise cut shows the core and also the denser bone tissue at the knuckle end of the bone. Provide magnifying lenses so students can observe that bone actually has tiny spaces in it. Safety Note: Make sure students wash their hands thoroughly after handling the bones. Have students do the following activity to observe the relationship between a long bone s cylindrical shape and its weightbearing function: Roll a sheet of paper into a narrow tube and fasten it with tape. 262 activity 21 Human Bones Make an identical second tube. Lay one tube between two books like a bridge and then put weights on the middle of the tube until it buckles. Stand the second tube upright and put weights on the upper end until the tube buckles. Which tube bore the most weight before it collapsed? (the upright tube) In a follow-up discussion, help students see the similarity between the upright tube and the long weightbearing bones of the upper and lower leg. Science and the Arts Provide a wide variety of materials for students to use in making pictures of the human skeleton, using the diagram on the activity sheet as a model. Encourage students to be creative. For example, some students could make a skeleton by gluing lengths of white paper straws to black construction paper. Other students may enjoy drawing bones on an outline they have traced of their own body. Science and Math Encourage interested students to investigate how many vertebrae make up the spinal column, how many ribs are in the rib cage, or how many bones make up the skull. Some students may want to research the number of bones in the entire skeleton (206). Does the number depend on the person s age? Science, Technology, and Society Many surgical techniques and artificial devices have been developed to repair or replace joints that are damaged by disease or injury. Encourage interested students to research such techniques and devices, including the use of the arthroscope in reconstructing a joint and knee or hip replacement surgery.

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it.

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it. LIFE AND LIVING SKELETONS The skeleton is the part of the body that forms the supporting structure in animals and humans. Without a skeleton, we would not be able to stand upright or walk. Animal Skeletons

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

BONES & MUSCLES FOR LIFE. Bone & Muscle Review Level: Advanced

BONES & MUSCLES FOR LIFE. Bone & Muscle Review Level: Advanced Level: Advanced Objective: Students will identify bones, muscles, and corresponding joints of the body and describe how bones and muscles work together to create movement and promote the ability to have

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND The Skeletal System is made up of the bones of the body and the joints between the bones, as well as certain connective tissue (cartilage and ligaments.) This lesson

More information

SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1

SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1 SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1 KEY CONCEPTS hydrostatic skeleton, exoskeleton, endoskeleton examples, advantages & disadvantages human skeleton parts of axial & appendicular skeleton functions

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

Human skeletal and muscular systems

Human skeletal and muscular systems Human skeletal and muscular systems Student Learning Outcomes After completing this exercise the student will be able to: 1. Define bones, ligaments, joints, skeletal muscles, tendons, muscle tone, posture,

More information

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4 Unit 2 The skeletal system In this unit Bones of the human skeleton: medical and common names Plural nouns of Latin origin Describing bones Adjectives describing anatomical position Bone structure Osteoporosis

More information

17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4)

17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4) 17 Locomotion in humans 17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4) Structure of the skeleton (Book 3, p.4) The skeleton is made up of: (1) bones ( ) (2) cartilage Bones (Book 3, p.4) Bones are hard

More information

The Skeleton and Muscle Systems

The Skeleton and Muscle Systems The Skeleton and Muscle Systems OBJECTIVE: In this lab you will identify the major bone and muscle systems of the human body. By understanding bone and muscle structures you will have a better appreciation

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions

Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions By Andrew Morgan BPE/Bed, c.2003 Anatomy deals with the structure of the human body, and includes a precise

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM BIOLOGY II SKELETAL SYSTEM ACTIVITY #3 NAME DATE HOUR BONE IDENTIFICATION OBJECTIVE: 5. Identify the bones in the human skeleton. (pp. 130 149) STATION #1: THE SKULL 1. Color the following bones on the

More information

Biology Slide 1 of 40

Biology Slide 1 of 40 Biology 1 of 40 2 of 40 The Skeleton (All organisms need structural support. Unicellular organisms have a cytoskeleton. Multicellular animals have either an exoskeleton (arthropods) or an endoskeleton

More information

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1 HUMAN BODY Grade Level or Special Area: Third Grade Written by: Vicki Menefee, Louisville Elementary School, Louisville, CO Length of Unit: Seven lessons (seven days, one day = 45 minutes) not including

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System Introduction: There are 206 bones that make up the organs of the skeletal system in an adult human. These bones are connected

More information

SECTION 45-1 REVIEW. VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below.

SECTION 45-1 REVIEW. VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below. SECTION 45-1 REVIEW THE HUMAN BODY PLAN VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below. 1. nervous tissue 2. muscular tissue 3. skeletal muscle 4. epithelial tissue 5. connective

More information

The Search for the Missing Bones

The Search for the Missing Bones The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #2 The Search for the Missing Bones Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s)

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013

THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013 THE HUMN SKELETON 29 MY 2013 Lesson escription In this lesson we: iscuss important terminology Look at the axial skeleton & the appendicular skeleton iscuss the functions of the skeleton Work through a

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

Musculoskeletal System

Musculoskeletal System Component 3-Terminology in Healthcare and Public Health Settings Unit 3-Musculoskeletal System This material was developed by The University of Alabama at Birmingham, funded by the Department of Health

More information

www.roylco.com EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton

www.roylco.com EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY www.roylco.com Canada: 30 Northland Road, Waterloo, Ontario, N2V 1Y1 USA: PO Box 13409 Anderson, SC 29624 No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton Teach students about human bone structure

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

67 The Human Skeleton

67 The Human Skeleton 67 The Human Skeleton Skull SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. Clavicle (collarbone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Femur Tibia Humerus Ulna Sternum (breastbone)

More information

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V CLOSED CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1994 Grade Levels: 5-10 20 minutes DESCRIPTION A strong, healthy body moves freely and rapidly in its daily activities,

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM S U P P O R T A N D M O V E M E N T. The Academic Support Daytona State College (Science 131, Page 1 of 18)

SKELETAL SYSTEM S U P P O R T A N D M O V E M E N T. The Academic Support Daytona State College (Science 131, Page 1 of 18) SKELETAL SYSTEM S U P P O R T A N D M O V E M E N T The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 131, Page 1 of 18) Human Biology Support and Movement The Academic Support Center @ Daytona

More information

Systems of the Human Body

Systems of the Human Body . s^^-^^. 0^^- B «*-^.^^^--"'- s»'"-^w.^*"' Systems of the Human Body The body is made up of an amazing group of systems. The systems of the body all work together and need each other to keep the body

More information

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT UNIT - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Chapter 18 LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT Movement is an important feature of living organism. Both the microbes and macrobes show wide range of movements. The movements results in change

More information

Structural Support and Movement. Chapter 36 Part 1

Structural Support and Movement. Chapter 36 Part 1 Structural Support and Movement Chapter 36 Part 1 Impacts, Issues Pumping Up Muscles Increasing muscle size and strength with drugs such as andro has unwanted side effects and can damage other organ systems

More information

Dissecting a Leg Activity Instructions

Dissecting a Leg Activity Instructions Activity Instructions Purpose: The purpose of this activity is to make students aware of the elements of the skeletal system and how they interrelate. Materials: Raw chicken leg quarter - one for each

More information

Locating Common Bones*

Locating Common Bones* 4H1656 4ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ACTIVITY Locating Common Bones* Skill Level: 4Beginner to advanced Life Skills: 4Communication, critical thinking, decision-making and teamwork Setting: 4Room with chairs arranged

More information

Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle. demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis;

Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle. demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis; CHAPTER 2 Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle After completing this chapter you should be able to: demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis; use correct

More information

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes

More information

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions.

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions. Team Members: System: Your team s job is prepare a presentation to educate your classmates about one of the body systems that makes up the human body. Your presentation must include the following requirements:

More information

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport FRONT SHEET - Centre Number: 68706 Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport Student Name: Date Set 4/1/12 Date to be handed in 10/1/12 Assignment 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

More information

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions Unit 3L.4: Organs in the Human body Keeping Healthy The Skeleton Science skills: Classification Observing Making models Data collection By the end of this unit you should: Compare the structure of humans

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE

UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE UNIT 5: FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE TOPIC 1: TOPIC 2: BASIC ANATOMY MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS & BONES PROPER STRETCHING TECHNIQUE GRADES 6-7 UNIT 5 FITNESS BASIC ANATOMY & GRADES PROPER

More information

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural 36 1 The Skeletal System To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural support. Unicellular organisms have a cytoskeleton that provides structural support. In multicellular animals,

More information

Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System

Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System 1 Table of Contents Page Table of Contents and Rights. 2 Introduction 2 Advanced Vocabulary Definitions. 2 Human Body: The Skeletal System

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

The Dinosaur Skeleton

The Dinosaur Skeleton The Dinosaur Skeleton Objectives: 1. To learn the names of the bones of a vertebrate skeleton. 2. To be able to describe the differences between different dinosaur groups using skeletal terminology. 3.

More information

Skeletal System. Materials. Preparation. Part 1: The Human Skeleton. Written by Karl Muster Visited classroom October 2013

Skeletal System. Materials. Preparation. Part 1: The Human Skeleton. Written by Karl Muster Visited classroom October 2013 Skeletal System Written by Karl Muster Visited classroom October 2013 Topics: biology, skeletal system, nutrition Required knowledge: "strength", "molecule", "tissue" Grades: 1st-3rd Materials 1 skeleton

More information

Assignment Notebook. Homework: Study for Test!!!!! In Class: Test Review DUE! Journal #1 is due! TEST NEXT TIME! Flashcards for Ex.

Assignment Notebook. Homework: Study for Test!!!!! In Class: Test Review DUE! Journal #1 is due! TEST NEXT TIME! Flashcards for Ex. Assignment Notebook Wednesday, November 21st Day 1 In Class: Test Review DUE! Journal #1 is due! TEST NEXT TIME! Homework: Study for Test!!!!! Flashcards for Ex. Credit 1 1.Describe and illustrate the

More information

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS i A Wealth of Information. A World of Ideas. Instructor s Guide The Human Body: How It Works Introduction This program is part of the nine-part series The Human Body: How It Works. The series uses physiologic

More information

Anatomical Position. Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together. Deep/Superficial

Anatomical Position. Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together. Deep/Superficial Anatomical Position Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together Deep/Superficial Planes Hierarchy of Structures Within the Human Body Subatomic Particles Protons Neutrons Electrons

More information

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified:

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified: Skeletal System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major bones of the skeleton Identify the major landmark structures found on bones of the skeleton Identify the major types of articulations of

More information

LETTER TO PARENTS SCIENCE NEWS

LETTER TO PARENTS SCIENCE NEWS LETTER TO PARENTS Cut here and paste onto school letterhead before making copies. SCIENCE NEWS Dear Parents, Our class is beginning a new science unit using the FOSS Human Body Module. In this unit your

More information

Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System

Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System Lab #5 Table of Contents: Expected Learning Outcomes... 43 Introduction..... 44 Activity 1: Getting Wired... 44 Activity 2: Variation due to Sex and Age. 47 Expected

More information

Resources Chapter Presentation Visual Concepts Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Chapter menu Resources

Resources Chapter Presentation Visual Concepts Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Chapter menu Resources Chapter Presentation Visual Concepts Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Introduction to Body Structure Table of Contents Section 1 Body Organization Section 2 Skeletal System Section 3 Muscular System

More information

Skeletal System. Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition)

Skeletal System. Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition) Skeletal System Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition) 1 Learning Objectives Understand the five functions of bones (physiology) Classify the four major types of bones Identify the major parts

More information

Bones: Tissue and Organ

Bones: Tissue and Organ Bones: Tissue and Organ Bones can be referred to as either a tissue (osseous) or an organ Bone referred to as a connective tissue consists of: cells extracellular matrix (ground substance + fibers) this

More information

2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity, and one cann

2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity, and one cann INQUIRY QUESTION How do bones and joints assist movement in sprinting? 2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity,

More information

Bone and Brawn. NC Science Olympiad Elementary Institute Bone and Brawn

Bone and Brawn. NC Science Olympiad Elementary Institute Bone and Brawn NC Science Olympiad Bone Basics Made of: Compact (aka dense) bone, and spongy bone. Most bones contain both types. Compact bone is dense, hard, and forms the protective exterior portion of all bones. Spongy

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Chicken Wing Exploration... 1 Overview... 1 Brief Background Information... 3 Setup... 4 Procedure... 5 Vocabulary... 7 Sections of a Chicken Wing...

Chicken Wing Exploration... 1 Overview... 1 Brief Background Information... 3 Setup... 4 Procedure... 5 Vocabulary... 7 Sections of a Chicken Wing... Chicken Wing Exploration... 1 Overview... 1 Brief Background Information... 3 Setup... 4 Procedure... 5 Vocabulary... 7 Sections of a Chicken Wing... 8 Chicken Wing Skeletal Structure... 8 Bones Dynamic

More information

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes Surgical Art Formulaic Drawing Method Formulaic figure drawing systems involve using abstract rhythms and interlocking shapes to construct the human

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 2 The Skeletal and Muscular Systems Essential Question: How do your skeletal and muscular systems work?

Unit 1 Lesson 2 The Skeletal and Muscular Systems Essential Question: How do your skeletal and muscular systems work? Essential Question: How do your skeletal and muscular systems work? Key Terms p15 Quiz Friday Skeletal system Ligament Muscular system Tendon Joint (Don t forget L1: Homeostasis) Copyright Houghton Mifflin

More information

Modeling Planet Sizes

Modeling Planet Sizes activity 14 Modeling Planet Sizes BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 2 Activity 14 SC.E.1.2.4 The student knows that the planets differ in size, characteristics, and composition

More information

Avian Skeletal Morphology

Avian Skeletal Morphology Avian Skeletal Morphology To Know Skull/Face Trunk and Limbs Cranium Vertebral ribs Occipital Sternal ribs Parietal Uncinate processes Frontal Sternum and keel Squamosal Pectoral Girdle Jugal (zygomatic

More information

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES LIFE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN ORGANISMS WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing large and small organisms. LAB: Classifying and investigating large organisms.

More information

Bones! Bones! Bones! Exploring the Skeletal System Grade Level: Presented by: Length of Unit: Abstract II. Overview

Bones! Bones! Bones! Exploring the Skeletal System Grade Level: Presented by: Length of Unit: Abstract II. Overview Bones! Bones! Bones! Exploring the Skeletal System Grade Level: Third Presented by: Amy Jacobs, Hawthorne Elementary, San Antonio, TX Length of Unit: Seven lessons I. Abstract During this ten to twelve

More information

Muscular System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND

Muscular System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND Muscular System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND The Muscular System Muscle makes up most of everything underneath the skin. This is the tissue that makes up the heart, body organs, and skeletal muscles. Muscle accounts

More information

Joints and Movement LESSON

Joints and Movement LESSON 19 LESSON Joints and Movement Gymnasts train for years to perform exercises on the beam. Walking on it is one thing, but a front walk-over? There s a real challenge. JERRY WACHTER/PHOTO RESEARCHERS, INC.

More information

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials

The Muscular System. Pre- Lab Discussion. Problem. Materials Lab #14H The Muscular System Pre- Lab Discussion Muscle tissue consists of groups of cells that are specialized for contraction. In the body, muscle tissue is usually organized into organs called muscles.

More information

THE FOOT BONE is connected to the leg bone. The leg bone is connected

THE FOOT BONE is connected to the leg bone. The leg bone is connected Structures and Functions of the Skeletal System THE FOOT BONE is connected to the leg bone. The leg bone is connected to the sesamoid bone inside a synovial joint. Learning the names of common bones is

More information

SPORT OCR LEVEL 2 CAMBRIDGE TECHNICAL. Cambridge TECHNICALS ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY FOR SPORT CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA IN D/502/5474 LEVEL 2 UNIT 2

SPORT OCR LEVEL 2 CAMBRIDGE TECHNICAL. Cambridge TECHNICALS ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY FOR SPORT CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA IN D/502/5474 LEVEL 2 UNIT 2 Cambridge TECHNICALS OCR LEVEL 2 CAMBRIDGE TECHNICAL CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA IN SPORT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY FOR SPORT D/502/5474 LEVEL 2 UNIT 2 GUIDED LEARNING HOURS: 30 UNIT CREDIT VALUE: 5 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

More information

DSM Spine+Sport - Mobility

DSM Spine+Sport - Mobility To set yourself up for success, practice keeping a neutral spine throughout all of these movements. This will ensure the tissue mobilization is being applied to the correct area, and make the techniques

More information

3rd Grade Human Body Assessment

3rd Grade Human Body Assessment Name Date 1. Which of the following structures forms a protective layer between the environment and the inside of a body? A. bone B. skin C. muscle D. blood vessel 2. The thigh bone is the longest bone

More information

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton Bone is a connective tissue unique to vertebrates. It serves several purposes: - It is a reservoir for chemicals used in metabolic processes, -

More information

Levers for Lifting BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 3 Quarter 3 Activity 23

Levers for Lifting BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 3 Quarter 3 Activity 23 activity Levers for Lifting BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade Quarter Activity SC.C... The student understands that the motion of an object can be described and measured. SC.H... The

More information

BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN FOR PERSONAL USE

BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN FOR PERSONAL USE activity 35 BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade K Quarter 4 Activity 35 Comparing Nonstandard and Standard Units of Measure SC.H.1.1.1 The student knows that in order to learn, it is

More information

The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems

The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems 1. Circulatory System 2.Respiratory System ( 3.Immune System (many types of protein, cells, organs,

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology Lecture 1 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON Skeletal System forms the framework of the body. TYPES OF BONES: FOUR PRINCIPAL

More information

Reduce Stress with This 15-Minute Restorative Yoga Sequence

Reduce Stress with This 15-Minute Restorative Yoga Sequence Reduce Stress with This 15-Minute Restorative Yoga Sequence Try this short, stress-busting restorative yoga sequence to ease tension around the holidays, at work, and more Stress it s something everyone

More information

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care PROTECT SAVE We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care Accidents can happen, at any time, and the injuries sustained, may be major or minor. Usually personal accident

More information

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton BONES AND JOINTS The adult human skeleton usually consists of 206 bones which are connected by various joints. Muscles produce force which causes movement at these joints. These bones can be grouped in

More information

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function 7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function For the next two chapters (7 and 9) we will study the skeletal system. Although the major feature of this system is the bones, the skeletal system also consists

More information

Anatomy of Skeletal System

Anatomy of Skeletal System Anatomy of Skeletal System two main subdivisions of skeletal system: axial : skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular: arms and legs and girdles Bone Markings: Foramen: opening in bone passageway

More information

Seeds and More Seeds (Sessions I and II)

Seeds and More Seeds (Sessions I and II) activities 27&28 Seeds and More Seeds (Sessions I and II) BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activities 27 & 28 SC.H.1.2.2 The student knows that a successful method to

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES 4.01 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM A. Support 1. Provides a framework for the body. 2. Supports soft tissue. 3. Serves as a point of attachment for ligaments,

More information

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP GROUP solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 1 Injury Facts 2010 Edition, National Safety Council. GVAP1 GROUP ACCIDENT

More information

Chicken Foot Dissection

Chicken Foot Dissection Chicken Foot Dissection Category: Biology Type: Class Experiment (60 min class) Materials: 1 Chicken foot 1 Plastic tray 1 Pair of disposable gloves 1 Pair of scissors 1 Pair of tweezers 1 Razor blade

More information

INJURY PREVENTION WARM UP. Coaches Manual

INJURY PREVENTION WARM UP. Coaches Manual INJURY PREVENTION WARM UP Coaches Manual FIELD SET UP 5 yards 5 yards 5 yards The field is set up with at least 2 rows of 4 cones (each separated by 5 yards). Players line up behind each row of cones,

More information

GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING

GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING By Mark Yeoman (Bsc) GYM: CORE WORK & BODY CONDITIONING Mark is a qualified Physical Education teacher and has represented Great Britain at the World Triathlon Championships

More information

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs

Abductor Pollicis Longus. Biceps Brachii. Brachioradialis. Brachialis. Deltoid. Calcaneal Tendon. Muscles of the Arms & Legs Abductor Pollicis Longus Biceps Brachii Brachioradialis Brachialis Calcaneal Tendon Deltoid Extensor Digitorum Longus Extensor Digitorum Fibularis Longus & Fibularis Brevis Flexor Carpi Radialis Flexor

More information

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings Understandings Questions Knowledge Vocabulary Skills Bones provide invaluable structure and support for the body. There are a variety of bone shapes. Joints connect bones. The skeletal system is divided

More information

Pulleys: Groovy Wheels

Pulleys: Groovy Wheels activity Pulleys: Groovy Wheels BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade Quarter Activity SC.C... The student understands that the motion of an object can be described and measured. SC.H...

More information

Are you protected from life s accidents?

Are you protected from life s accidents? PROTECTION solutions Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do daily that may lead to an accidental injury and out-of-pocket expenses. SPORTS TRAVEL WORK More

More information

Request for Designated Doctor Examination Type (or print in black ink) each item on this form

Request for Designated Doctor Examination Type (or print in black ink) each item on this form Texas Department of Insurance Division of Workers Compensation 7551 Metro Center Drive, Suite 100 MS-603 Austin, TX 78744-1645 (512) 804-4380 phone (512) 804-4121 fax Complete, if known: DWC Claim # Carrier

More information