Paul Pelham 1/14/16 World History European Timeline Post Dark Ages ( )

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1 Paul Pelham 1/14/16 World History European Timeline Post Dark Ages ( ) As the western continent of Europe ascends from the crippling and intellectually stunting period of the dark ages (7th-13th century) they are ushered into an enlightened era of trade, science, culture, art and thinking. allowing them to begin the world dominance that would see such empires as the british produced who at one point held such a vast empire that the sun couldn t set on it : seen as bridge between late middle ages and early renaissance reemergence of serfdom in eastern europe 1403 spanish empire begins by the settling of the canary islands 1415 henry the navigator conquests of cuerta beginning portuguese empire 1429 Joan of Arc ends Seige of Orleans thus ending the 100 year war 1431 Henry VI of England crowned king of france 1434 Medici family take power in Florence 1440 printing press invented helping to globalize literacy 1441 portuguese reestablish European slave trade with an African trading post : noted as the age of discovery 1453 fall of constantinople marks end of byzantine empire, death of last roman emperor- growth of ottoman empire 1453 final battle of the hundred year war 1456 siege of belgrade halts the ottomans advance into europe 1461 louis XI takes the throne of france 1462 reign of Ivan III in Russia 1469 marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of castile unifies spain 1477 Union of Burgundian and Habsburg dynasties 1492 Columbus lands on san salvador 1492 jews expelled from spain 1494 invasion of italy by Charles III of France vasco da goma 1st voyage from europe to india back : 1500 charles V, Holy Roman emperor and king of Spain was born

2 1502 first African slaves reported in the New World through European trade 1503 Leonardo Da Vinci starts Mona Lisa completes it in three years 1504 period of drought causing famine of all spain 1506 poland invaded by crimean khanate 1509 beginning of Portuguese dominance of spice trade and indian ocean trade 1517 protestant reformation begins, lead by Martin luther 1522 spanish expedition first to encircle the Earth 1527 Rome is sacked ending Italian Renaissance 1528 castiglione, the courtier 1532 church of England breaks away from the Roman Catholic church 1536 John calvin publishes the institutes of Christian religion 1540 scientific revolution 1547 ivan the terrible crowned initiating the tsar russian period : 1552 russia conquers khanate of kazan 1553 portuguese found a settlement macau 1555 first major use of joint stock company by England 1558 after 200 years england loses calais to France 1560 ottoman fleet defeats spanish in naval war 1563 plague outbreak 1564 galileo galilei born 1564 Shakespeare baptized 1565 spanish discover maritime route from asia to americas 1571 American indians kill spanish missionaries in jamestown VA 1580 spain unifies with portugal 1585 colony of Roanoke established early modern period of Europe russian famine devastates population 1603 Elizabeth I dies 1606 long war between ottoman empire and Austria ends 1608 french found Quebec 1616 shakespeare dies Polish Ottoman war 1622 jamestown Massacre occurs 1630 Dutch west india company establishes Brazil

3 1637 venice opens first opera house 1640 England outlaws torture 1642 Dutch explorer sights New Zealand Ottaman war with Venice english civil war ends Northern wars solidify sweden s rise as great power 1663 discovery of cells made by robert hooke 1664 british soldiers capture New Amsterdam and rename it New York 1665 great plague of london 1667 France invades Netherlands 1668 treaty of Lisbon recognises Portugal as independent Country 1670 English found Charleston 1682 france claims Louisiana 1694 Bank of England established 1700 decline of spice trade overcome by textiles as most import product Kingdom of Prussia declared 1709 Great Frost 1712 war of Spanish succession 1718 French found new orleans 1722 Russo-Persian war 1733 war of Polish succession 1739 spain and england fight in the caribbean % of Irish population killed by famine 1750 peak of little ice age Maps:

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