1 59 Pronouns Les object pronouns sont des pronoms toujours placés en complément, c'est-à-dire après le verbe. pronouns Traduction Exemples I Me Moi, me, m' They played with me. She called me. You gave it to me. You You Toi, te, t' I like to play with you. She called you. I gave it to you. He Him Lui, le, l' She goes out with him. Do you meet him on Friday? She Her Elle, lui, la, l' They know her very well. Give her a chance. Follow her! It It Elle, lui, le, la, l', cela, ça I'll bring it home. Take it now. They knew it. We Us Nous She told us. They will come with us. You You Vous I like you. I'll go with you. They Them Eux, elles, les, leur I told them. We know them. She'll go with them. Toujours complément (après le verbe) Toujours sujet (avant le verbe)
2 A. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate personal pronoun or object pronoun I* walked with her*. 2. You* called me*. 3. She* will play computer with him*. 4. He/she talks to me* every day. 5. They* sent us* a letter. 6. I came to Montreal with them*. 7. We* watched T.V. with him*. 8. He* waited for us two hours. 9. They* gave it to me. 10. He/She eats with me every night. *Answers may vary B. Translate these sentences into English. 1. Je l'ai vu. I saw it/him/her. 2. Elles étudient toujours avec nous. They always study with us. 3. Il vous a parlé. He talked to you. 4. Nous avons joué avec eux tout l'après-midi. We played with them all the afternoon. 5. Vous irez au cinéma avec elle. You'll go to cinema with h.er 6. Elle m'a appelé. She called me. 7. Ils sont venus avec nous à Montréal. They came to Montréal with us. 8. Tu ne mangeras pas avec eux. You won't eat with them. 9. Nous travaillons avec elle. We work with her. 10. Je n'ai pas chanté pour toi. I didn't sing for you.
3 61 Simple Conditional Modes Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect Progressive Tenses Present Past Future Conditional Present Past Future Conditional Present Past Future Conditional Present Past Future Conditional Utilisation du simple conditional Le Simple conditional exprime: a) Un fait imaginaire. Ex: I would recognize her anywhere. She would like to be an engineer. b) Une improbabilité avec si (if). Une partie de la phrase est au simple past. Ex: If I had money, I would buy a sport car. If I told you the truth would you be angry? If I were you, I wouldn't do that. Dans ces exemples, la partie au passé se traduit logiquement par l'imparfait comme dans toutes les phrases utilisant le conditionnel: Nous avons vu qu'à la 1 re et 3 e personne du singulier le verbe "to be" au passé s'écrivait: Was. Par contre, lorsque que le verbe être est précédé de "if" il peut se conjuguer comme "were" à toutes les personnes. c) Une façon polie de demander, d'offrir ou d'exprimer ce que l'on veut. Ex: I would like to have some information please. Would you like a cup of tea? Would you please wait in line? N.B. Le simple conditional se traduit en français par le conditionnel présent. Ex: Je me baignerais si j'avais mon maillot de bain.
4 62 Subject Would Verb (infinitive) Contraction Affirmations I You He She It We You They I'd You'd He'd She'd - We'd You'd They'd would like be go to be an actor. present to Montreal. Subject Would Not Verb (infinitive) Negations I You He They would Contraction wouldn't not like be go to be an actor. present to Montreal. Auxiliary Subject Verb (infinitive) Yes/no questions Would you he like be to be an actor? present? they go to Montreal? Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb (infinitive) Information questions Where would you like to go?
5 63 A. Conjugate the verbs in the simple conditional using the subject in brackets. 1. To sing (she) would sing 2. To obtain (they) would obtain 3. To fire (I) would fire 4. To reject (you) would reject 5. To abandon (he) would abandon 6. To show (they) would show 7. To express (I) would express 8. To disappear (we) would disappear 9. To swallow (it) would swallow 10. To hurt (you) would hurt 11. To vanish (he) would vanish 12. To feed (we) would feed 13. To grow (they) would grow 14. To blow (She) would blow 15. To capture (we) would capture 16. To swim (it) would swim 17. To travel (you) would travel 18. To water (she) would water 19. To care (you) would care 20. To whistle (I) would B. Conjugate the verbs in the simple conditional.
6 64 1. They (to go, negation) wouldn't go to Florida without Michael. 2. Would you (to take) take the plane? 3. She (to have) would have good marks if she studied more. 4. Would you please (to leave) alone me alone? 5. The wall (to look) would look better in white. 6. Would your sister (to come) comme to the party? 7. I (to be) Would be happy to meet you. 8. William (to like, negation) wouldn't like this movie. 9. Would you (to go) go to the grocery store for me? 10. If we had more money, we (to go) would go shopping. 11. I (to go, negation) wouldn't go without you. 12. I (to do) would do the laundry, if I had time. 13. Would she (to help) help you, if she knew the answer? 14. If they ran, they (to feel) would feel better. 15. Would you (to be) be happy? 16. It (to be) would be important. 17. If I could sing, I (to sing) would sing. 18. I (to like) would like to see you. 19. They (to sleep, negation) wouldn't sleep in a car. 20. If she were happy, we (to know) would know it.
7 65 C. Translate the following sentences into French or English. 1. Je pleurerais. I would cry. 2. Dormirait-elle? Would she cry? 3. Would you sleep? Dormirais-tu?/Dormiriez-vous? 4. She'd run. Elle courrait. 5. Would you watch me? Me regarderais-tu?/est-ce que vous me regarderiez? 6. Tu ne mangerais pas. You wouldn't eat. 7. Nous l'attraperions. We would catch it. 8. You would not cry. Tu ne pleurerais pas./vous ne pleureriez pas. 9. Would you throw it? Le/la lancerais-tu?/lanceriez-vous? 10. Est-ce qu'elles pleureraient? Would they cry? 11. Would he run? Courrait-il? 12. Il ne l'attraperait pas (le chien). It wouldn't catch it. 13. I would throw it. Je la/le lancerais. 14. Est-ce qu'elle la lancerait? Would she throw it? 15. Would you cry? Est-ce que tu pleurerais?/vous pleureriez? 16. Elle ne dormirait pas. She wouldn't sleep. 17. We would drive. Nous conduirions. 18. Dormirait-il? Would he sleep? 19. Would he sleep? Dormirait-il?/Est-ce qu'il dormirait? 20. Elle ne volerait pas. She wouldn't steal.
8 Je ne conduirais pas. I wouldn't drive. 22. J'aurais 13 ans. I would be 13 years old. 23. Dormiriez-vous? Would you sleep? 24. We wouldn't go to cinema. Nous n'irions pas au cinéma. 25. It would not bite. Il ne mordrait pas. 26. J'aimerais avoir une bicyclette. I would like to have a bike. 27. Would you have lunch with us? Mangerais-tu/Mangeriez-vous avec nous? 28. Nous n'achèterions pas ce livre. We wouldn't by this book. 29. Si tu m'aidais, je finirais plus tôt. If you helped me, I would finish earlier. 30. He said he'd wash the car. Il a dit qu'il laverait la voiture. 31. Nous n'aimerions pas être en prison. We wouldn't like to be in jail. 32. She wouldn't lend her dress. Elle ne passerair pas sa robe. 33. Préféreriez-vous apprendre l'espagnol? Would you prefer to learn Spanish? 34. He would eat if it were possible. Il mangerait si c'était possible. 35. Tu ne ferais pas ça! You wouldn't do that! 36. Elles n'iraient pas à l'école. They wouldn't go to school. 37. They wouldn't sleep well. Ils/Elles ne dormiraient pas bien. 38. Nous chanterions partout. We'd sing everywhere. 39. Would you leave me please? Me laisserais-tu/laisseriez-vous? 40. Je serais content de partir. I'd be happy to leave.
9 67 There would be There would be est la formule utilisée pour exprimer il y aurait. There Verb to be (conditional) Affirmations There would be a book on the table. two books on the table. Negations Questions There Verb to be (conditional) No There would be no no Would There Verb to be Would there be no book on the table. books on the table. a book on the table? books on the table? A. Use the correct form of there would be. 1. Would there be someone at the door if you were absent? 2. There would be many policemen in our city if we were 100 people. 3. Would there be flowers on the table if it wasn't Mother's Day? 4. There would be many mistakes in your text if you had not studied. 5. There would be two million people around you if you were a star.
10 68 B. This is the house you would build if you had money. Describe this picture using there would be. Use negations too. 1. There would be 2 trees. 2. There would be a door Answers will vary C. Translate these sentences into French or English. 1. Y aurait-il un cd que tu aimerais avoir? Would there a cd you'd like to have? 2. There would be 35 students in my group if I were in secondary 2. Il y aurait 35 élèves dans ma classe si j'étais en secondaire There would be a pool in my backyard if I had enough money. Il y aurait une piscine dans ma cour si j'avais assez d'argent. 4. Il n'y aurait pas d'école si c'était samedi. There would be no school if it was/were Saturday. 5. There would be no animals at the zoo if it were winter. Il n'y aurait pas d'animaux au zoo si c'était l'hiver.
11 69 Possessive Adjectives/Form Traduction et utilisation Exemples My Your His Her Its Our Your Mon, ma, mes Ton, ta, tes Son, sa, ses Propriétaire masculin Son, sa, ses Propriétaire féminin Son, sa, ses (Propriétaire impersonnel) Notre, nos Votre, vos My car is blue. I brought my keys. Is it your pencil? She gave me your letter. I want to play with your video games. This is his shoes. His car is red? Her favorite flowers are roses. She saw her friend. My cat always plays with its tail. Its bone is white. The car is pink.. Its colour is ugly. We went to cinema with our car. Our friends are in secondary 1. I like your video games. Your children are very nice. Their Leur, leurs Their dog is black. They never go out without their friends. Possessive form ('s) La forme possessive ('s) peut aussi être utilisée pour indiquer la possession. On ajoute 's au possesseur. Le possesseur peut seulement être une personne, un animal, une ville ou un pays. Lorsque le possesseur se termine avec s, on ajoute ' Brian's marks are good. The marks of Brian are good. His marks are good. My mother's name is Louise. Gribouille's kittens are beautiful. Montreal's hockey team is great. The Jones' children are very nice. Charles' car is blue.
12 70 A. Complete the following sentences with an appropriate possessive adjective or with the possessive form. 1. Nadia 's pencil is beautiful. Her pencil is blue. 2. My dog 's tail is furry. Its tail is very long too. 3. The children of Mr Stewart are nice. His children are 5 and 7 years old. 4. My mother is 45 years old. My dad married her when she was His parents ' house is very big. Their house is very old too. 6. Our teacher is nice. We like him very much. 7. Her marks are great because she studies a lot. 8. Rick 's video games are new. His games are really fun. 9. Your t-shirts are all dirty! I told you not to go there! 10. Bruno and Christian 's friends are nice. Their friends are in sec 2. B. Translate these sentences into French or English. Use the possessive form when possible. 1. Leur maison est blanche, noire et rouge. Their house is white, black and red. 2. Les chats de Diana sont charmants. Diana's cats are charming. 3. My dog finds its toys amusing. Mon chien trouve ses jouets amusants. 4. Nos fleurs seront très belles cette année. Our flowers are very beautiful this year. 5. Her parents are very proud of her. Ses parents sont très fiers d'elle. 6. Mon sac était vide. My bag was empty. 7. Your parents are nice. Tes parents sont gentils. 8. Ses parents seront absents la semaine prochaine. His/Her parents will be absent next week. 9. Les enfants de Kent sont très énervés aujourd'hui. Kent's children are very excited today. 10. Vos enfants étaient très énervés hier. Our kids were very excited yesterday.
13 71 Possessive Pronouns Mine Traduction et utilisation Le mien, la mienne, les miens, les miennes Exemples Do not drink this milk, it is mine. Those shoes are mine. Yours Le tien, la tienne, les tiens, les tiennes I gave you my watch, now it's yours. His Hers Le sien, la sienne, les siens, les siennes (propriétaire masculin) Le sien, la sienne, les siens, les siennes (propriétaire féminin) He bought my bicycle, now it is his. These keys are his. Your house is big, but hers is even bigger. Our room is smaller than hers. Its Ours Le sien, la sienne, les siens, les siennes (propriétaire impersonnel) Le nôtre, la nôtre, les nôtres This bone is its. The dog took my shoe, now it's its. We bought their house. Now, it is ours. His dog is more intelligent than ours. Yours Le vôtre, la vôtre, les vôtres My car is less expensive than yours. I don't share my pencils. Take yours! Theirs Le leur, la leur, les leurs We have beautiful utensils but theirs are greater. Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns I You He She It We You They Me My Mine You Your Yours Him His His Her Her Hers It Its Its Us Our Ours You Your Yours Them Their Theirs
14 72 A. Complete these sentences with a personal pronoun, an object pronoun, a possessive pronoun or a possessive adjective. 1. I have an eraser. It's my eraser. So, it is mine. 2. They have a new house. It's their house. So it's theirs. 3. He gave me* five tennis balls. They're his tennis balls. So, they're his. 4. She has a baby. It's her baby. So, it's hers. 5. We have farm animals. They're our animals. So, they're ours. 6. I have a car. It's my car. So, it's mine. 7. You lent him* a bicycle. It's your bicycle. So, it's yours. 8. I have a tape recorder. It's my tape. So, it's mine. 9. We have a computer. It's our computer. So, it's ours. 10. I have two cats. They are my cats. So, they're mine. 11. He has a desk. It's his desk. So, it's his. 12. She has a motorcycle. It's her motorcycle. So, it's hers. 13. They told us* it was their car. So, It is theirs. 14. Andrew took my coat. She told him it was mine. * Answers may vary 15. We lend our car. But, it's still ours. 16. I have two books. They are my books. So, they're mine. 17. My dog has a bone. It's its bone. So, it's its. 18. He has a car. It's his car. So, it's his. 19. I told them* it was my book. So, It is mine. 20. Brian took my bike. I told him it was mine.
15 73 Comparatives Les comparatives sont utilisés pour comparer 2 choses entre elles. Subject Adjective + er Than Adjectifs de 2 syllabes et - Simon is Sylvie is taller prettier than than Bruno. Josée. Adjectifs de 3 syllabes et + Adj finissant par ful Subject More + Adj Than English is more interesting than Dictionaries are more useful than French. video games. Superlatives Les superlatives sont utilisés pour comparer une chose à plusieurs. Subject The Adjective + est object Adjectifs de 2 syllabes et - John is Jupiter is the the tallest biggest boy of the class. planet. Adjectifs de 3 syllabes et + Adj finissant par ful Subject The Most + Adj Vanessa is the most beautiful Computers are the most useful girl of the group. house items. Exceptions: Adjective Comparative Superlative Good Better than The best Bad worse than The worst
16 74 A. Complete the following sentences using the adjective in brackets. 1. The CN Tower is the (high) highest tower in the world. 2. The Olympic Tower is (low) lower than the CN tower. 3. My parents are (old) older than me. 4. I am the (intelligent) most intelligent person in the world. 5. The Confederation Bridge is the (long) longest bridge in the world. 6. English is (important) more important than French. 7. BMW's go (fast) faster than Ladas. 8. Eric Lindros is one of the (good) best hockey players. 9. Wayne Gretzky was a (good) better hockey player than Eric Lindros is. 10. During summer, days last (long) longer than nights. 11. Canada is the second (big) biggest country in the world. 12. Snow melts (fast) faster than ice. 13. That is what I like the (good) best. 14. Rabbits run (fast) faster than turtles. 15. I am (intelligent) more intelligent than you are! 16. December 21 st is the (short) shortest day of the year. 17. Right now, boy groups are (popular) more popular than girl groups. 18. The sun is the (bright) brightest object of the sky. 19. Planes are the (good) best transportation means. 20. My English teacher is the (good) best English teacher in the world.
17 75 Review of Simple Mode Auxiliaires Present Past Future Do/does Am/is/are Did Was/were Will Conditional Would Affirmations I work You work He works She works It goes We go You go They go I worked You worked He worked She worked It went We went You went They went I'll work You'll work He'll no work She'll work It will go We will go You will go They will go I'd work You'd work He'd work She'd work It would go We would go You would go They would go Négations I don't go You don't go He doesn't go She doesn't go It doesn't go We don't go You don't go They don't go I didn't go You didn't go He didn't go She didn't go It didn't go We didn't go You didn't go They didn't go I won't go You won't go He won't go She won't go It won't go We won't go You won't go They won't go I wouldn't go You wouldn't go He wouldn't go She wouldn't go It wouldn't go We wouldn't go You wouldn't go They wouldn't go Questions Do I go? Do you go? Does he go? Does she go? Does it go? Do we go? Do you go? Do they go? Did I go? Did you go? Did he go? Did she go? Did it go? Did we go? Did you go? Did they go? Will I go? Will you go? Will he go? Will she go? Will it go? Will we go? Will you go? Will they go? Would I go? Would you go? Would he go? Would she go? Would it go? Would we go? Would you go? Would they go? Utilisation -Situation permanente -Fait habituel ou répétitif -Action rapide -Futur planifié -État d'esprit -Vérité -Sens, émotions - Action terminée -Décision sur le vif -Prédiction -Probabilité (if) -Certitude (To be going to) -Fait imaginaire -Improbabilité (if) -Politesse
18 76 A. Conjugate the following sentences. 1. I (to drive) will drive you to the camp tomorrow. 2. She (to be) would be a star if she had more talent. 3. We (to eat) ate seafood last night at the restaurant. 4. Usually, people (to eat) eat three meals a day. 5. If you (not to brush) don't brush your teeth, you (to have) will have cavities. 6. The Earth (to rotate) rotates around the sun. 7. My dog (to bite) bit the mailman last week. 8. It (to be) will be sunny tomorrow with scattered showers. 9. When I was young, I (to travel) travelled to many places. 10. If my grand-mother was younger, she (to go) would go back to school. 11. The race (to start) will start tomorrow at 8: Mary (not to like) doesn't like hockey, she (to prefer) prefers baseball. 13. Your mother (to punish) would punish you if she knew the truth. 14. Andrew, wake up! you (to be) will be late for school. 15. I'm sure Joe (to prefer) would prefer/prefers the blue coat. 16. Where will you go tomorrow? (go) 17. Who did you see at the party yesterday? (see) 18. Was she present present at school today? (be) 19. What Would you do if you had a million dollars? (do) 20. When will he turn 18 years old? (turn)