Climate Commitments and Planning Actions in the City of Helsinki

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1 Climate Commitments and Planning Actions in the City of Helsinki NOWA ENERGIA Smart Grid - Smart City Bielsko-Biała Katri Kuusinen

2 Topics of the presentation Facts about Helsinki Energy Efficiency and Climate Commitments Energy Monitoring and Statistics Energy Audits Energy Certificates Energy Efficient Buildings Education

3

4 City of Helsinki in Figures Founded in 1550 Capital of Finland since ,600 inhabitants and total 1,257,000 in Helsinki Region 39,000 municipal employees Annual mean temperature +7.6 C Mean temperature July C (abs max C) February -7.9 C (abs min C)

5 Energy and Buildings of City of Helsinki Total energy end use 1,790 GWh/a (2010) 80 % of energy is used in buildings Heating 1159 GWh/a (incl. electrical heating 10 GWh) Electricity 473 GWh/a Residential and service buildings total area 7,320,000 m 2 Specific heat cons. 147 kwh/m 2 Specific electricity cons. 64 kwh/m 2 City s share of energy consumption in the city area District heating 15 % Electricity 11 %

6 Energy procurement in Helsinki Municipal energy company Helsingin Energia Important source of income to city budget District heating coverage more than 90 % District cooling Local energy production Combined heat and electricity power plants, heating plants Fuels: coal and natural gas Heat pump plant Small hydro power plant (museum) Energy production shares outside the city Renewable energy: wind power & hydro power Nuclear power plants Electricity sold to Nordic electricity exchange

7 Finland s Climate Commitments EU s Climate action and renewable energy package Energy saving of 16 % until 2020 (from level of 2005) The share of renewable energy from 28 % to 38 % The share of bio fuels in transport fuels up to 10 % Government s Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy GHG emission reduction of 80 % by 2050 Energy consumption of building stock decreased by 60 % Share of renewable energy in end energy use up to 60 % Gradual phasing out the use of fossil fuels and peat in energy production (unless carbon-capture technology is installed) GHG emissions of passenger cars down to g/km (now 128 g/km) Gradual abandonment of present-form land filling of waste

8 City s Climate Commitments Energy Efficiency Agreements (EEAs) with government Implementation of Energy Service Directive Energy Saving target of 9 % until 2016 (vs. 2005) EEA with Ministry of Employment and the Economy, December 2007 (first agreement period started in 1993) EEA of Helsingin Energia, December 2007 EEA of Helsinki City Transport, August 2008 EEA of Housing Sector City s Energy Policy Lines, January 2008 GHG emission reduction target 20 % until 2020 (vs. 1990) Share of renewable energy up to 20 % until 2020 (vs. 1990) Climate Strategy 2030 of Metropolitan Area CO 2 emission reduction target 39 % until 2030 (vs. 1990) Covenant of Mayors, January 2009 CO 2 emission reduction target at least 20 % by 2020 (vs. 1990)

9 Tools connected to commitments Energy efficiency action plan Sustainable energy action plan Binding annual energy saving targets for the city departments Target 2 % for 2011 Action plan required from each department Improving the commitment of the city employees and cooperation between departments Development programme of Helsingin Energia, Towards carbon neutral future

10 1000 tco 2 -eq. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Helsinki % -13% -13% Target -20 % Agriculture Waste mgmt Industry Transport Electricity Other heating Electrical heating District heating

11 1000 tco 2 -eq./inh. Carbon Dioxide Emissions per Inhabitant % -26% -26% Target -20 % Agriculture Waste mgmt Industry Transport Electricity Other heating Electric heating Districy heating

12 City-owned Buildings: Public Buildings and Housing Sector 80 % of city s energy use in buildings Low energy construction and refurbishments, passive energy construction and refurbishments Directions for planning and building Pilot sites in process Energy auditing and implementing energy saving measures Continuous process subsidized by Government Local and small scale utilization of renewable energy Solar electricity pilots completed Ground cooling, wind power and ground heat pump pilots going on Improvement of energy consumption monitoring going on Education and motivation of building managers and janitors Education of Eco-support persons of city staff going on Estimated energy saving 20 % by 2020

13 Specific Heat Consumption in City-owned Building Stock , ,6 kwh/m ,3 157,2 163,8 164,8 154,5 155,2 159,8 151,3 155,4 154,5 155,8 155,3 154,8 151, Housing Public buildings

14 Specific Electricity Consumption in City-owned Building Stock ,4 89,7 92,8 95,7 94,1 98,2 91,5 kwh/m ,9 40,5 42,0 43,2 42,1 42,5 42, Housing Public buildings

15 Energy Audits in City-owned Buildings First energy audits in 1994 Auditing by private companies Carried out in 500 public service buildings 80 % of the building volume Corresponding to 2,640,000 m 2 and 11,160,000 m 3 Results of Energy Audits Average energy saving potential Heat 13 % Electricity 9 % Water 6 % Reported total cost saving potential 2,500,000 per year Required investment costs 3,200,000 Pay back period 1.3 years

16 PV panels on a roof of a school building in Aurinkolahti

17 PV panels integrated to balcony fences in Viikki

18 Energy Certificates Finnish Act on Energy Certificates Compulsory for new buildings and buildings sold or rented out Voluntary for other existing buildings public buildings Helsinki provides public buildings with Display Posters Display to motivate and activate building users Developed in EU-project coordinated by Energy Cities First Display poster in 2006 to city s office building Up to 200 buildings received Display posters Energy efficiency training for building staff with certificate delivery

19 Display Poster

20 City Planning and Land Use More compact urban structure Rail transport, utilization of existing energy supply networks and street networks High quality planning and design no need for moving into satellite municipalities Low energy building and use of wooden structures Guiding zoning directions Low2No area in Jätkäsaari Expanding urban structure based on renewable energy production and rail transport Östersundom area Reclaiming existing areas, saving nature areas Climate change adaptation: Flood strategy and Urban runoff study Regional water industry plans

21 Transport sector Low emission vehicles benefits for users Electric cars loading Car sharing Improved biking services Bike parking Bicycle lanes & network Public transportation New rail connections (tram lines, train lines, metro line) Requirements for vehicles in public procurement Ticket pricing?

22 Private Citizens Energy efficiency requirements to building site transfer process Information services for citizens Energy Efficient Helsinki portal (Energiatehokas Helsinki) Building process, building permits, heating alternatives Energy Center by Helsingin Energia (Energiakeskus) Energy efficient home appliances Climate Info Center (Ilmastoinfo) Energy efficiency, material efficiency, waste reduction, water saving, transportation efficiency Journey Planner by Helsinki Region Transport Public transportation, cycling and walking routes Campaigns during Energy Saving Week Energy efficiency learning events in schools

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25 Helsinki Day Energy Efficiency Cafe in Park Esplanade

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27 Private sector Big challenge with improving the energy efficiency of existing private building stock Potential identified in several sectors Residential buildings Services Transport sector Measures partly identified, incentives on the way Climate partnerships with SMEs Demonstration projects (with city-owned buildings) Low-temperature district heating network Smart grid pilot Carbon neutral district Energy efficient refurbishments of residential buildings

28

29 Thank You!

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