Georgia Becomes a Colony

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1 Georgia Becomes a Colony SS8H2 The student will analyze the colonial period of Georgia s history. a. Explain the importance of James Oglethorpe, the Charter of 1732, reasons for settlement (charity, economics, and defense), Tomochichi, Mary Musgrove, and the city of Savannah. b. Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia s colonial history, emphasizing the role of the Salzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida. c. Explain the development of Georgia as a royal colony with regard to land ownership, slavery, government, and the impact of the royal governors. Essential Questions 1. Explain the relationship between Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove and how this relationship impacted the growth and development of Savannah? 2. Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia s colonial history, emphasizing the role of the Salzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida. 3. Describe the development of Georgia as a royal colony with regard to land ownership, slavery, government, and the impact of the royal governors.

2 EQ: What were the three main reasons for creating the colony of Georgia? CHARITY ECONOMICS REASONS FOR COLONIZING GEORGIA DEFENSE

3 Georgia Land Rights Cherokee Creek Land in Georgia did not belong to England nor to Spain. It belonged to the Native Americans. When the English began to talk settlement they knew they would have to make a peace treaty and be given permission by the Native Americans to settle what is now Georgia. At the time of the English settlement, most of the land in Georgia belonged to the Creek Indians.

4 James Oglethorpe with Tomochichi and Mary Musgrove Land for Georgia s Settlement will have to be negotiated with the natives of Georgia.

5 Treaty Negotiated Read to explain the relationship between Oglethorpe, Tomochichi, and Mary Musgrove and how this relationship impacted the growth and development of Savannah? Mary Musgrove Chief Tomochichi

6 CHARTER OF 1732 WHO: King George II, James Oglethorpe, 20 trustees, total of 115 colonists WHAT: Document to start a colony in Georgia WHEN: 1732 WHERE: All land between Altamaha and Savannah Rivers to the south seas, Town of Savannah on Yamacraw Bluff WHY: 1) protection from Spanish, French, and Native Americans, 2) provide resources for Britain, 3) populate the colony with worthy poor

7 What Makes a Good Leader? List five characteristics that make a good leader.

8 WHO WERE THE TRUSTEES Twenty one men (including James Oglethorpe) who were the founders of the Georgia colony. They: 1. Negotiated treaties with the Native Americans 2. Made regulations (guideline or rules) about what the colonists could and could not do. 3. They were entrusted by King George II to manage the colony of Georgia.

9

10 Where Would You Build a Colony? James Oglethorpe had no title and limited power, but he was accepted as the leader of the colony. During the early months, he got grants of land, made treaties with the Indians, and built a small fort on the bank of the river. He trained militia to defend the settlement and gave local leaders support and encouragement along with training and technique of farming.

11 As a group. Working with Colonel William Bull and Noble Jones they designed the future town of Savanna. Imagine that you have been given a charter and land to start your own colony. Using a large piece of construction paper create the following: The Charter Part One: Write your own charter for your colony. Which rules will you impose and what will your charter look like. You will also want to include a plan of action for the first steps that you will take to settle the land you have been given. Be sure to include a name for your colony. The Perfect Location Part Two: On the Georgia Charter map color in the location where your colony would be built. Discuss why you chose this location and why decided to build your settlement here. The Layout of the City Part Three: Draw the lay out for your fort or town. On page 121 of your textbook, the details of Savanna are explained. Explain what you will build stores, churches, schools, ect. Requirements to Get Land Part Four: In Savanna, settlers were expected to care for the house in Savanna, care for the five acres in Savanna, and farm a 45 acre track of land. Create a list explaining what each person will get and the expectations that will be required in order to receive land.

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