Explain the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources. (You may simply define them if you wish.)

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1 Explain the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources. (You may simply define them if you wish.) Renewable: Renewable energy resources are those that are easily replenished in short periods of time. Examples would include solar energy, geothermal energy, hydropower, wind power and biomass. Nonrenewable: Nonrenewable energy resources are those that are being used faster than they can be replenished. Example would include Uranium235 for nuclear fission, petroleum, coal and natural gas.

2 Renewable vs. Nonrenewable: Click and drag the term to the proper location Renewable Nonrenewable Natural Geothermal Solar WindPropane Coal Oil GasBiomass Hydroelectric Uranium

3 Solid formed from the remains of swamp plants. A. Petroleum B. Coal C. Ethanol

4 Produced by adding yeast to biomass to produce an alcohol. A. Petroleum B. Coal C. Ethanol

5 Liquid formed from tiny marine plants and animals. A. Petroleum B. Coal C. Ethanol

6 Common radioactive metallic element found in rocks all over the world. A. Biomass B. Natural Gas C. Uranium

7 Any organic material that can be used for its energy content. A. Biomass B. Natural Gas C. Uranium

8 A colorless, odorless gas, often found with petroleum. A. Biomass B. Natural Gas C. Uranium

9 Energy that comes from heat within the Earth. A. Wind B. Solar C. Hydroelectric D. Geothermal

10 Created by the circulation of air caused by the uneven heating of the Earth s surface. A. Wind B. Solar C. Hydroelectric D. Geothermal

11 Created by the force of moving water caused by gravity. A. Wind B. Solar C. Hydroelectric D. Geothermal

12 Radiant energy from the sun that travels to Earth in electromagnetic waves or rays. A. Wind B. Solar C. Hydroelectric D. Geothermal

13 Explain the problem of the U.S. importing more than 50% of our oil from foreign countries. Challenges of us importing oil from foreign countries include the fact that they indirectly control our economy. They may cut us off from their oil, which will shut our economy down and send us into a recession (Oil Embargo of 1973). We are sending billions of dollars per year to countries that may not necessarily have our best interests in mind. We are sending billions of dollars per year out of our economy. Explain two solutions to the U.S. becoming independent from foreign oil. Develop more alternative fuels and/or vehicles such as bio-fuels and electric cars to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. We should use our resources wisely (conserve) to prolong their availability. We need to increase the fuel economy of our vehicles and use more mass transportation (buses, car pooling or trains)

14 True False Burning biomass generally creates less air pollution than burning fossil fuels. Dams can flood land and disrupt animal, plant and fish habitats. Using renewable resources is worse for the environment than using nonrenewable resources. Pollution from burning coal includes SO x and NO x, leading to acid rain. Burning fossil fuels produces CO 2, which may lead to global warming.

15 True False Burning petroleum can cause air pollution. Natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuels when comparing oil, coal and natural gas. Most power plants use coal to produce electricity. Uranium fission produces radioactive waste. Wind turbines are noiseless.

16 Explain two negative consequences that may be associated with the main electricity fuel source in Wisconsin. Which energy source provides most of the electrical energy for Wisconsin? Based on the U.S. Electricity Net Generation Chart, which energy source provides a majority of U.S. electricity?

17 Why is it important to discuss using energy resources wisely while working to develop resources other than fossil fuels? Explain your answer being sure to give examples. We need to discuss using energy resources wisely because we are running out of oil and natural gas. We need to develop other resources to prolong our use of fossil fuels. Bio-fuels, electric vehicles and mass transportation can help us extend our fossil fuel availability. We are able to reduce pollution and greenhouse gases by using fewer fossil fuels. The burning of fossil fuels contributes to SOx and NOx in the atmosphere, which leads to acid rain. Burning of fossil fuels also adds CO2 leading to global warming. Renewable energy sources generally have fewer negative impacts on the environment.

18 What is the difference between energy efficiency and energy conservation? (Be sure to use real world examples)

19 What is R-value in regards to insulation? How does having a high R-value result in energy savings for a Wisconsin home?

20 Rate the three light bulb choices in terms of efficiency Incadescent (most efficient) LED CFL (least efficient)

21 What is the annual cost of operating the water heater? If you keep the water heater for 10 years, how much would it cost to operate? How many therms would you save in a year if you buy the most efficient water heater versus the model shown?

22

23 Re-arrange these sentences to show how electricity is generated. Heat is used to boil water. Steam drives a turbine. Generator produces electricity. Coal, oil or natural gas is burned. Turbine drives a generator. Water turns to steam.

24 Sort the keywords. Word Description The ability to do work Coal, oil and natural gas are examples A fuel made by chemically reacting alcohol with vegetable oil Vehicle powered by two energy sources Converts electricity to higher or lower voltages fossil transformer biodiesel fuelshybrid energy

25 Sort the keywords. Word Description Converts mechanical energy into electricity Converts electrical energy into mechanical energy Blades that spins Used to transport electricity from power plant to cities A device that produces electricity through a chemical reaction transmission motor generator battery turbine lines

26 Sort the keywords. Word Description Used to produce most of the coal in the U.S. Restoring land to the way it was before mining 1,000 watts Measures the amount of electricity used in one hour kilowatt-hour surface/pit reclamation mining

27 Which appliance is more energy efficient? Explain your answer.

28 Based on the chart: Do we get more energy from renewable or nonrenewable energy sources? Explain. Which energy source accounts for.7% of energy for renewables? What are uses for the most used nonrenewable energy?

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