Electrical Charge: a type of energy that comes from the flow of charged particles; it allows electrical devices to function.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Electrical Charge: a type of energy that comes from the flow of charged particles; it allows electrical devices to function."

Transcription

1 Unit E: Electrical Applications Chapter 11: Electrical Energy 11.1: Generating Electricity pg. 420 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is generated using a variety of technologies. 2. Electrical energy is generated using both renewable and non-renewable sources. Electrical Charge: a type of energy that comes from the flow of charged particles; it allows electrical devices to function. Energy can take on many forms, chemical, thermal, electrical, mechanical, and sound energy. When an object can change its environment, it is said to have energy. Energy allows an object to do a task, when form of energy, electrical energy is the movement of charged particles. See Table 1: Common Forms of Energy Form of Energy Chemical Thermal Sound Radiant (light) Mechanical Electrical Examples Gasoline, food, fireworks Warmth from a fire Voices, music Sunlight microwaves Wind, running water Lightning, electricity for your home

2 Energy Transformations Energy can be transformed into many forms, one form into another form. Table 2: Examples of Energy Transformations Example Energy Transformation Solar panel Light energy electrical energy Fire Chemical energy thermal energy and light energy Wind turbine Mechanical energy electrical energy Car engine Chemical energy thermal energy mechanical energy Light bulb Electrical energy thermal energy and light energy Generating Electrical Energy The Grid: Electrical Energy Distribution Grid: a network that carries electricity from the energy generating station to the consumer. Some electrical energy we use is provided by batteries, most is provided by the Electrical Energy Distribution Grid, also known as the power grid. Most of our electrical devices run off the power grid as we plug them into a socket in the wall.

3 Generators Generator: a device that produces electricity by rotating a wire coil near a magnet. A generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, at electrical generating stations. A basic generator consists of a magnet and a wire coil. The north and south poles of a magnet can create a push or a pull. When the coil rotates near the poles (north/south) the negatively charged particles in the wire are forced to move. The faster the coils rotate the more electricity is produced. Figure 3: Falling water or another source of mechanical energy spins a turbine that, in turn spins coil of wire between magnets to generate electrical energy. The flow of water, or steam and wind can be converted into electrical energy. These are used to turn a turbine, which is connected to the wire coils inside the generator. As the turbine spins, so does the coil.

4 Figure 4: Some electrical energy stations use the movement of flowing water to generate electrical energy. Measuring Electrical Energy Kilowatt: 1000 watts. Kilowatt Hour: a unit of energy equal to using 1000 W for 1 h. All energy is measured in the unit of joules (J). The production or use of electrical energy is measured as the number of joules per second. A joule per second is called a watt (W). The higher the wattage of an electrical device the more energy is used per second. Therefore a fluorescent light uses 20 J per second, is said to be a 20 W bulb. A Joule is a small unit of measure, so a larger unit of measure is used, Kilowatt (kw). Kilowatt is measured, as a 1000 watts per hour.

5 Check Your Learning: Questions 1 5, pg. 423 Wrap Up: - There are various forms of energy; light, chemical, thermal, mechanical, sound, electrical. One form of energy can be transformed into other forms of energy. - Electrical energy comes from the flow of charged particles. - A generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. - Wind, steam, and running water are all commonly used to supply the motion needed to produce electricity. Try This: Observing Energy Changes pg. 421

6 11.1: Generating Electricity pg. 420 Table 1: Common Forms of Energy Form of Energy Chemical Thermal Sound Radiant (light) Mechanical Electrical Examples Gasoline, food, fireworks Warmth from a fire Voices, music Sunlight microwaves Wind, running water Lightning, electricity for your home Table 2: Examples of Energy Transformations Example Energy Transformation Solar panel Light energy electrical energy Fire Chemical energy thermal energy and light energy Wind turbine Mechanical energy electrical energy Car engine Chemical energy thermal energy mechanical energy Light bulb Electrical energy thermal energy and light energy Figure 3: Falling water or another source of mechanical energy spins a turbine that, in turn spins coil of wire between magnets to generate electrical energy Figure 4: Some electrical energy stations use the movement of flowing water to generate electrical energy.

Energy What is Energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Any object that has energy has the ability to create force. Energy is one of the fundamental building blocks of our universe. Energy appears in

More information

Understanding and Measuring School Electronics

Understanding and Measuring School Electronics Understanding and Measuring School Electronics MATERIALS NEEDED: 1. 6 energy monitoring devices (note: these can be obtained from a variety of sources, i.e., local hardware stores, internet [average cost

More information

Adapted from The NEED Project, Manassas, VA. Lesson 10 Overhead 1 of 8

Adapted from The NEED Project, Manassas, VA. Lesson 10 Overhead 1 of 8 Adapted from The NEED Project, Manassas, VA Lesson 10 Overhead 1 of 8 From The NEED Project, Manassas, VA Lesson 10 Overhead 2 of 8 Lesson 10 Overhead 3 of 8 Coal Fired Power Plant http://c1cleantechnicacom.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/files/2011/10/coal_power_plant_datteln_2_crop1-e1318788714370.png

More information

Measuring Electricity Class Activity

Measuring Electricity Class Activity Measuring Electricity Class Activity Objective: To understand what energy is, how it impacts our daily lives, and how one can become an energy steward. Learning Outcomes: Students will: 1. Understand where

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3: To define the efficiency

More information

Types of Energy. What is Energy? Forms of Energy

Types of Energy. What is Energy? Forms of Energy Types of Energy What is Energy? Energy is all around us. But what, exactly, is energy? Energy makes change possible. We use it to do things for us. It helps us heat our homes and move our cars. It allows

More information

Student Study Guide: Energy Rules!

Student Study Guide: Energy Rules! Student Study Guide: Energy Rules! Name: Class / Period: Instructions: Enter the term, its definition, or an example as indicated. Energy: energy the energy of an object or substance in movement; sometimes

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3 To describe energy storage

More information

Circuits and Electricity

Circuits and Electricity Have you ever thought about how much we depend on electricity? Electricity is a form of energy that runs computers, appliances, and radios. Electricity lights our homes, schools, and office buildings.

More information

In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an

In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an What is energy? In science, energy is the ability to do work. Work is done when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the force. Energy is expressed in units of joules (J). A joule is calculated

More information

Forms of Energy. Energy can be transferred, or converted, from one form to another! Electrical Electromagnetic Nuclear. Mechanical Thermal Chemical

Forms of Energy. Energy can be transferred, or converted, from one form to another! Electrical Electromagnetic Nuclear. Mechanical Thermal Chemical Forms of Energy Forms of Energy Mechanical Thermal Chemical Electrical Electromagnetic Nuclear Energy can be transferred, or converted, from one form to another! Mechanical Energy Energy associated with

More information

Section 15.1 Energy and Its Forms (pages 446 452)

Section 15.1 Energy and Its Forms (pages 446 452) Section 15.1 and Its Forms (pages 446 452) This section describes how energy and work are related. It defines kinetic energy and potential energy, and gives examples for calculating these forms of energy.

More information

Renewable Energy. SESE Curriculum Link: Content Strand Environmental Awareness and Care Strand Unit Environmental Awareness

Renewable Energy. SESE Curriculum Link: Content Strand Environmental Awareness and Care Strand Unit Environmental Awareness key message: Fossil fuels are becoming scarce and are non-renewable. We need to use renewable sources of energy which are less damaging to the environment. SESE Curriculum Link: Content Strand Environmental

More information

Energy Transfer, PE, KE and Efficiency

Energy Transfer, PE, KE and Efficiency ENERGY Part of our everyday lives: Energetic people Food that is full of energy High cost of electric energy Risks of nuclear energy Energy: An ability to accomplish change When anything happens in the

More information

Radiant Energy Definition

Radiant Energy Definition Radiant Energy Definition: the energy of electromagnetic waves; this includes radio, microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray, and gamma waves Solar panels Radiant Energy Examples of energy transformations:

More information

Energy, electricity and magnetism page The diagram below shows an object made from a battery, a nail, and some wire.

Energy, electricity and magnetism page The diagram below shows an object made from a battery, a nail, and some wire. Energy, electricity and magnetism page 3 Name: ate: 1. The diagram below shows an object made from a battery, a nail, and some wire. What will happen if you touch a metal paperclip to the nail? A. The

More information

Investigating Electrical Energy Workshop. QUT Extreme Engineering

Investigating Electrical Energy Workshop. QUT Extreme Engineering Investigating Electrical Energy Workshop QUT Extreme Engineering Investigating Electrical Energy Introduction This workshop is designed for grades 6-7, to give them some hands-on experience in building

More information

WindWise Education. 2 nd. T ransforming the Energy of Wind into Powerful Minds. editi. A Curriculum for Grades 6 12

WindWise Education. 2 nd. T ransforming the Energy of Wind into Powerful Minds. editi. A Curriculum for Grades 6 12 WindWise Education T ransforming the Energy of Wind into Powerful Minds A Curriculum for Grades 6 12 Notice Except for educational use by an individual teacher in a classroom setting this work may not

More information

S E C T I O N O N E : I N T R O D U C T I O N

S E C T I O N O N E : I N T R O D U C T I O N S E C T I O N O N E : I N T R O D U C T I O N What you will learn: What electricity is What an electrical current is How electricity is created How electricity is used to perform useful tasks The physical

More information

Copper and Electricity: Generation

Copper and Electricity: Generation PHYSICS Copper and Electricity: Generation (Electromagnetic Induction) 16-18 YEARS Below are different sections of this e-source, for quick navigation. Electricity from Movement What is Induction? Flux

More information

Energy Transformations

Energy Transformations Energy Transformations Concept Sheet Energy Transformations PS.6: The student will investigate and understand states and forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. 1. Energy is the

More information

Chapter 3: Electricity

Chapter 3: Electricity Chapter 3: Electricity Goals of Period 3 Section 3.1: To define electric charge, voltage, and energy Section 3.2: To define electricity as the flow of charge Section 3.3: To explain the generation electricity

More information

ELECTRICITY - A Secondary Energy Source

ELECTRICITY - A Secondary Energy Source ELECTRICITY - A Secondary Energy Source A Secondary Source The Science of Electricity How Electricity is Generated/Made The Transformer - Moving Electricity Measuring Electricity energy calculator links

More information

Objectives 316 CHAPTER 6 POWER

Objectives 316 CHAPTER 6 POWER Objectives Explain the relationship between power, current, and voltage in electrical systems. Explain the relationship between power, current, and resistance in electrical systems. Calculate energy usage

More information

EnergySmart Schools CLEAN POWER GENERATION

EnergySmart Schools CLEAN POWER GENERATION EnergySmart Schools mean healthier learning environments and a healthier planet. EnergySmart Schools Be part of the CLEAN POWER GENERATION Download copies of this Activity Book at: EnergySmart Schools

More information

Mechanical Energy. Mechanical Energy is energy due to position or motion.

Mechanical Energy. Mechanical Energy is energy due to position or motion. Mechanical Energy Mechanical Energy is energy due to position or motion. Position: This means that matter can have energy even though it is not moving. If you knock something off of your kitchen counter,

More information

Grade 9 - Characteristics of Electricity

Grade 9 - Characteristics of Electricity Purpose: This document is for grade 9 teachers to use as a pre-assessment for the Characteristics of Electricity unit. It assesses students understanding of the of the end of unit knowledge outcomes from

More information

The Following Question complete from your End-of Chapter questions in your book on page 157 (write answers in complete sentences:

The Following Question complete from your End-of Chapter questions in your book on page 157 (write answers in complete sentences: The Following Question complete from your End-of Chapter questions in your book on page 157 (write answers in complete sentences: 1. Question 1 Wind, solar, geothermal 2. Question 2a C. Power is a measure

More information

Preview of Period 2: Forms of Energy

Preview of Period 2: Forms of Energy Preview of Period 2: Forms of Energy 2.1 Forms of Energy How are forms of energy defined? 2.2 Energy Conversions What happens when energy is converted from one form into another form? 2.3 Efficiency of

More information

Electricity. Electricity: The Mysterious Force. 32 Intermediate Energy Infobook CARBON ATOM SEVERAL COMMON ELEMENTS

Electricity. Electricity: The Mysterious Force. 32 Intermediate Energy Infobook CARBON ATOM SEVERAL COMMON ELEMENTS Electricity: The Mysterious Force What exactly is the mysterious force we call electricity? It is simply moving electrons. And what exactly are electrons? They are tiny particles found in atoms. Everything

More information

What s in here? Hi, my name is Michael Faraday.

What s in here? Hi, my name is Michael Faraday. Your energy Hi, my name is Michael Faraday. Over 160 years ago I discovered how to generate electricity by experimenting with rotating a magnet inside a coil of wire. Imagine your life without electricity!

More information

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Completion: 1. Mass 13. Kinetic 2. Four 14. thermal 3. Kinetic 15. Thermal energy (heat) 4. Electromagnetic/Radiant 16. Thermal energy (heat) 5. Thermal 17.

More information

Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources Alternative Energy Resources Energy Resource Advantages Disadvantages What are some renewable energy resources? A nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced in a reasonable amount of time. Fossil fuels such

More information

GENERATORS AND MOTORS

GENERATORS AND MOTORS GENERATORS AND MOTORS A device that converts mechanical energy (energy of motion windmills, turbines, nuclear power, falling water, or tides) into electrical energy is called an electric generator. The

More information

How to save energy. Intermediate Phase (Grade 4,5 & 6) Educator Guide Natural Science and Technology

How to save energy. Intermediate Phase (Grade 4,5 & 6) Educator Guide Natural Science and Technology How to save energy Intermediate Phase (Grade 4,5 & 6) Educator Guide Natural Science and Technology 1 How to save energy The demand for electricity is growing. An alternative to building new power stations

More information

Chapter 2 Faraday s Miracle

Chapter 2 Faraday s Miracle Chapter 2 Faraday s Miracle In this chapter we discuss how electricity generators work. Michael Faraday was the father of electricity generation. Almost 200 years ago, he discovered electromagnetic induction.

More information

Use Energy Efficiently Booklet Practice Energy Efficiency Poster Teacher s Guide

Use Energy Efficiently Booklet Practice Energy Efficiency Poster Teacher s Guide Use Energy Efficiently Booklet Practice Energy Efficiency Poster Teacher s Guide INTRODUCTION The Use Energy Efficiently booklet teaches the basic principles of energy and how to use it efficiently. The

More information

STUDY GUIDE: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

STUDY GUIDE: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 319 S. Naperville Road Wheaton, IL 60187 www.questionsgalore.net Phone: (630) 580-5735 E-Mail: info@questionsgalore.net Fax: (630) 580-5765 STUDY GUIDE: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM An atom is made of three

More information

PS-6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other.

PS-6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other. PS-6.1 Explain how the law of conservation of energy applies to the transformation of various forms of energy (including mechanical energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, light energy, sound energy,

More information

Energy Transformation Lab

Energy Transformation Lab Energy Transformation Lab Lab Response Page You will fill in the blanks with the energy form that matches that object. Use thermal instead of heat and radiant instead of light. You may double check your

More information

Electric Motors and Generators

Electric Motors and Generators Electric Motors and Generators Motors run a tremendous number of devices, from toy trains to refrigerators, from air conditions to cars. What is inside a motor and how do they work? How are motors related

More information

Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Electrolysis

Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Electrolysis Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Electrolysis Hydrogen provides a promising method to help the U.S. achieve energy independence, make strides in environmental stewardship, and develop a thriving economy.

More information

Sources of electricity

Sources of electricity Sources of electricity This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, version 1.0. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/,

More information

Sources of electricity

Sources of electricity Sources of electricity This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, version 1.0. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/,

More information

March 18, Forms of Energy. Energy Sources. Potential Energy. Kinetic Energy. Nuclear Energy. Electricity. Heat. Sound

March 18, Forms of Energy. Energy Sources. Potential Energy. Kinetic Energy. Nuclear Energy. Electricity. Heat. Sound Forms of Energy Energy Sources Potential Energy Kinetic Energy Nuclear Energy Electricity Heat Sound March 18, 2013 Do Now: How are energy and work related? Energy is the ability to do work; work is a

More information

General Physical Science

General Physical Science General Physical Science Chapter 4 Work and Energy Work The work done by a constant force F acting upon an object is the product of the magnitude of the force (or component of the force) and the parallel

More information

Magnet, Coil, and Meter: Generating Electricity

Magnet, Coil, and Meter: Generating Electricity Magnet, Coil, and Meter: Generating Electricity Outcomes: 1. Understand that electricity is not a source of energy, but a means of transporting energy. 2. Understand that electrical current is generated

More information

ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ch 15 practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Work is a transfer of a. energy. c. mass. b. force. d. motion. 2. What

More information

Harvesting Solar Energy

Harvesting Solar Energy Harvesting Solar Energy Overview of Systems, options and benefits of Solar Energy Systems By:John Miggins Harvest Solar Energy renewable solutions to everyday needs www.harvestsolar.net 1 Solar Energy

More information

Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report. Joshua Gutwill. October 1999

Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report. Joshua Gutwill. October 1999 Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report Joshua Gutwill October 1999 Keywords: 1 Heat and Temperature Front End Evaluation Report October 28, 1999 Goal:

More information

Energy transfers in appliances - cost and power

Energy transfers in appliances - cost and power Energy transfers in appliances - cost and power 9 minutes 93 marks Page of 37 Q. The diagrams in List A show three electrical appliances. Each appliance is designed to transfer electrical energy. Draw

More information

Reading Comprehension Skills Preview the Book Compare and Contrast How to Read Charts Main Idea and Details

Reading Comprehension Skills Preview the Book Compare and Contrast How to Read Charts Main Idea and Details TM Red Edition Grade 3 4 reading level Purple Edition Grade 4 5 reading level Objectives Understand that electric charge is a property of matter. Compare static electricity and current electricity. Describe

More information

I = V/r P = VI. I = P/V = 100 W / 6 V = 16.66 amps. What would happen if you use a 12-volt battery and a 12-volt light bulb to get 100 watts of power?

I = V/r P = VI. I = P/V = 100 W / 6 V = 16.66 amps. What would happen if you use a 12-volt battery and a 12-volt light bulb to get 100 watts of power? Volts, Amps and Ohms Measuring Electricity The three most basic units in electricity are voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (r). Voltage is measured in volts, current is measured in amps and resistance

More information

150 Watts. Solar Panel. one square meter. Watts

150 Watts. Solar Panel. one square meter. Watts Tool USE WITH Energy Fundamentals Activity land art generator initiative powered by art! 150 Watts 1,000 Watts Solar Panel one square meter 600 Watts SECTION 1 ENERGY EFFICIENCY 250 Watts 1,000 Watts hits

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Solar Energy: The Power of the Sun by Kelly Hashway

Solar Energy: The Power of the Sun by Kelly Hashway We all know the sun is important. It provides for plants, animals, and people here on Earth. But how does the sun do that? It s the sun s energy that makes life on our planet possible. Energy from the

More information

Name Class Date. You do twice as much work. b. You lift two identical books one meter above the ground.

Name Class Date. You do twice as much work. b. You lift two identical books one meter above the ground. Exercises 9.1 Work (pages 145 146) 1. Circle the letter next to the correct mathematical equation for work. work = force distance work = distance force c. work = force distance d. work = force distance

More information

UNITED UTITLIES ELECTRICITY LESSON PLANS KS 2

UNITED UTITLIES ELECTRICITY LESSON PLANS KS 2 UNITED UTITLIES ELECTRICITY LESSON PLANS KS 2 The United Utilities Friend Ship: United Utilities Aims To give the children more information about how electricity travels to our homes, and the things we

More information

Introduction to Forms of Energy

Introduction to Forms of Energy FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.1 Introduction to Forms of Energy This lesson is designed for 3rd 5th grade students in a variety of school settings (public, private, STEM schools, and home schools) in the

More information

Reading Comprehension Skills Preview the Book How to Read Diagrams Main Idea and Details Cause and Effect

Reading Comprehension Skills Preview the Book How to Read Diagrams Main Idea and Details Cause and Effect TM Red Edition Grade 3 4 reading level Purple Edition Grade 4 5 reading level Objectives Define the science meaning of the word energy: the ability to make changes occur. Compare two main kinds of energy:

More information

Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key

Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key Vocabulary to know: (define on separate paper & give an example of each) Electrical Energy Mechanical Energy Force Energy carried by electricity Ex: Toaster, Fan, Anything

More information

Operation of Induction Generators. APPLICATION NOTE ARIADNA D. FERNANDEZ

Operation of Induction Generators. APPLICATION NOTE ARIADNA D. FERNANDEZ 2015 Operation of Induction Generators. APPLICATION NOTE ARIADNA D. FERNANDEZ 1. Introduction A generator is a device that transform a type of energy into electricity. Although it is not possible to generate

More information

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred.

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. Forms of Energy AZ State Standards Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. PO 1. Describe the following ways in which

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 1 Introduction to Energy. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 Introduction to Energy. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Get Energized! What are two types of energy? Energy is the ability to cause change. Energy takes many different forms and causes many different effects. There are two general types of energy: kinetic energy

More information

28.3 Mechanical Systems

28.3 Mechanical Systems Most mechanical systems such as automobiles, simple and complex machines, and power generators contain many moving parts that are in contact with each other. In addition, some of these mechanical systems

More information

Science 9 Unit D Electrical Principles Topic 3.0

Science 9 Unit D Electrical Principles Topic 3.0 Science 9 Unit D Electrical Principles Topic 3.0 Energy is all around us in many different forms light from lamps, sound from stereos, heat from furnaces and stoves. Yet we rarely think about how much

More information

FOSS Energy and Electromagnetism Unit Plan

FOSS Energy and Electromagnetism Unit Plan FOSS Energy and Electromagnetism Unit Plan Desired Results BVSD Standard(s)/Grade Level Expectations Fourth Grade Science Standard 1: Physical Science GLE1. Energy comes in many forms such as light, heat,

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 3 Thermal Energy and Heat Essential Question: What is the relationship between heat and temperature?

Unit 2 Lesson 3 Thermal Energy and Heat Essential Question: What is the relationship between heat and temperature? Big Idea: Energy exits in different forms and can change from one form to another, but energy is always conserved. Unit 2 Lesson 3 Thermal Energy and Heat Essential Question: What is the relationship between

More information

Energy. Table of Contents

Energy. Table of Contents Table of Contents 0. Unit Challenge 1. Types of 2. Potential and Kinetic 3. Conduction, Convection, and Radiation 4. How Heat is Transferred 5. Specific Heat 6. Electricity 7. Waves 8. Technology of Transformation

More information

Conventional Energy Sources

Conventional Energy Sources 9.2 Conventional Energy Sources Key Question: What benefits and problems come with common sources of energy? Hints The word plant here is not the kind that grows out of the ground. In this section, plants

More information

5.6 FORCE and MOTION

5.6 FORCE and MOTION 41. A group of students studied light. They conducted an experiment using a flashlight and a prism. Which of the following conclusions did the students make about the experiment? A. Light was absorbed

More information

BICYCLE POWER GENERATOR

BICYCLE POWER GENERATOR BICYCLE POWER GENERATOR Ms. Paurnima Sawant Department of Computer Science ASM s C.S.I.T. College Chinchwad Ms. Priya janjalkar Department of Computer Science ASM s C.S.I.T. College Chinchwad Abstract

More information

STEM 2 3: The Basics of Energy, Electricity, and Water Jigsaw

STEM 2 3: The Basics of Energy, Electricity, and Water Jigsaw STEM 2 3: The Basics of Energy, Electricity, and Water Jigsaw Objective To increase understanding of forms of energy, sources of energy, atomic structure, electricity, magnetism, electricity generation,

More information

10.2 Electromagnets. What is an electromagnet? Chapter 10

10.2 Electromagnets. What is an electromagnet? Chapter 10 In the last section you learned about permanent magnets and magnetism. There is another type of magnet, one that is created by electric current. This type of magnet is called an. What is an? Why do magnets

More information

Energy and Power Energy

Energy and Power Energy Energy and Power Energy Energy is the capacity to change a physical situation. When we say we are full of energy we mean that we could do a lot of physical thing.s Energy can neither be made nor destroyed

More information

WIND power 2.0 Contents

WIND power 2.0 Contents Instruction Book WIND power.0 Contents Features, Recommendations & Safety Guidelines... Parts List... What is Wind?... Wind Strength Scale... Blade Design and Number... Wind Power... Current Generated

More information

Potential & Kinetic Energy, Heat Transfer

Potential & Kinetic Energy, Heat Transfer Question 1: Match column A to column B: (10) Column A Column B Answer: 1.1 producer A energy transfer through space 1.1 1.2 fossil fuels B Volts 1.2 1.3 kinetic energy C stored energy 1.3 1.4 energy measurement

More information

Topic 1 Electrical Charges

Topic 1 Electrical Charges Topic 1 Electrical Charges 1. When are materials said to be electrically charged? Materials are positively charged if They have an uneven number of protons and electrons 2. How could you produce an electric

More information

Lesson 2 - Design a Robot. Grades: 6-8

Lesson 2 - Design a Robot. Grades: 6-8 Lesson 2 - Design a Robot Grades: 6-8 Essential Questions: What steps do manufacturers take to design and build a product? What role does robotics have in manufacturing? How have robotics changed how products

More information

How Does it Flow? Electricity, Circuits, and Motors

How Does it Flow? Electricity, Circuits, and Motors How Does it Flow? Electricity, Circuits, and Motors Introduction In this lab, we will investigate the behavior of some direct current (DC) electrical circuits. These circuits are the same ones that move

More information

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY Introduction Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. Why? (list 3 possible reasons) Northern climate/very cold temperatures

More information

Solar Powered Cars. How does the Sun make the solar car wheels spin?

Solar Powered Cars. How does the Sun make the solar car wheels spin? Solar Powered Cars How does the Sun make the solar car wheels spin? The purpose of the solar cell is to capture energy from the sun and to turn this energy into electrical energy. The electric motor then

More information

T E A C H E R S N O T E S

T E A C H E R S N O T E S T E A C H E R S N O T E S Focus: Students explore energy: its sources, forms, and transformations. Students also consider the benefits of energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation. Learning

More information

GUZZLER S VISIT TO SCHOOL: MEASURING AND SAVING ENERGY

GUZZLER S VISIT TO SCHOOL: MEASURING AND SAVING ENERGY Equipment: Access to electricity meter Access to gas meter Suggested Class Level: 4th - 6th Preparation: Background information: ENERGY AND ITS DIFFERENT FORMS: Nothing can happen without energy. Energy

More information

Developing Nebraska s Solar Potential. Michael Shonka

Developing Nebraska s Solar Potential. Michael Shonka Developing Nebraska s Solar Potential Michael Shonka www.solaromaha.com 402-590-5900 Agenda Why Go SOLAR Solar Myths Solar System Components System Design Applications and Impacts Why Go SOLAR? FREE and

More information

Student Reader. Energy Systems UNIT 7. E5 Student Reader v. 8.0 Unit 7 Page 1 2012 KnowAtom TM

Student Reader. Energy Systems UNIT 7. E5 Student Reader v. 8.0 Unit 7 Page 1 2012 KnowAtom TM Student Reader UNIT 7 Energy Systems E5 Student Reader v. 8.0 Unit 7 Page 1 2012 KnowAtom TM Front Cover: The cover shows a photograph of a sled that is not in motion. The movement of a sled from one place

More information

THE POWER OF SOLAR. Lesson 7 Wind Turbine

THE POWER OF SOLAR. Lesson 7 Wind Turbine THE POWER OF SOLAR Lesson 7 Wind Turbine Overview: Students will explore sources of energy, renewable and nonrenewable resources, and forms of energy through a systems approach. This lesson includes a

More information

HYDROPOWER Basics Glossary of Terms

HYDROPOWER Basics Glossary of Terms Alternating current (AC) Electric current that reverses direction many times per second. Ampere A measure of electric current (similar to describing water volume in cubic feet per second). Ancillary services

More information

7 TH GRADE SCIENCE REVIEW

7 TH GRADE SCIENCE REVIEW 7 TH GRADE SCIENCE REVIEW The motion of an object is always judged with respect to some other object or point. When an object changes position over time relative to a reference point, the object is in

More information

As you learned in the previous activity, energy is either potential energy or kinetic energy. Each can take many forms.

As you learned in the previous activity, energy is either potential energy or kinetic energy. Each can take many forms. Topic 6: Forms of Potential Energy As you learned in the previous activity, energy is either potential energy or kinetic energy. Each can take many forms. Forms of potential energy include Stored Mechanical

More information

Harnessing the Wind s Energy. How It Works

Harnessing the Wind s Energy. How It Works Harnessing the Wind s Energy How It Works Anatomy of a Typical 1.5 MW Wind Turbine Turbine Weight: 480,500 lbs Tower: Tubular steel Tower Height: 255 ft 7 in Tower Diameter (base): 15 ft Tower Weight:

More information

Energy: 4.C.1 Introduction to Energy

Energy: 4.C.1 Introduction to Energy Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Energy: 4.C.1 Introduction to Energy Grade Level 4 Sessions

More information

Energy transfers. Coal is mined and transported to the power station. It is ground into a powder to make it burn quicker. Step 2:

Energy transfers. Coal is mined and transported to the power station. It is ground into a powder to make it burn quicker. Step 2: Energy transfers Name: The national grid system is the energy system that generates electricity and distributes it to consumers. Electricity is generated at a power station and it transfers through pylons

More information

ELECTRICITY (E) So, what is this mysterious stuff that we call E? Where does it come from? Where does it go and why is it

ELECTRICITY (E) So, what is this mysterious stuff that we call E? Where does it come from? Where does it go and why is it ELECTRICITY (E) Electricity how it works, how we measure and pay for it. INTRODUCTION: HOW ELECTRICITY WORKS: E completely surrounds us. Modern life would be rather primitive without it. A few examples

More information

Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp?

Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp? Project 5 What s inside a lamp? Suggested age: 10 to 12 Project 5 What s inside a lamp? Summary Outcomes This project explores solar energy creation through hands-on contact with a portable solar energy

More information

Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp?

Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp? Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp? Suggested age: 10 to 12 Project 5 What s inside a Little Sun lamp? Summary This project explores solar energy creation through hands-on contact with a portable

More information

Energy Quiz. Questions:

Energy Quiz. Questions: Energy Quiz Want to have some fun and learn at the same time. This is not a test. You don t have to pass it and it won t give you a grade. It will just help you learn or find out how much you remember

More information

Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy

Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy VEA Bringing Learning to Life Program Support Notes Junior Middle Secondary Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy 18 mins Teacher Notes by Amanda Bianco, B.Sc.Ed. Produced by VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning

More information

Chapter 17 Study Questions Name: Class:

Chapter 17 Study Questions Name: Class: Chapter 17 Study Questions Name: Class: Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. If two charges repel each other, the two charges

More information

Topic Seven: P1.3.1 Transferring electrical energy

Topic Seven: P1.3.1 Transferring electrical energy Topic Seven: P1.3.1 Transferring electrical energy Electrical Devices Electrical energy is very versatile. It can be transformed into most other kinds of energy: Light bulb Electric heater Electric motor

More information