Exam # 1 CH 100, Introductory Chemistry, Fall, 2003 Name

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Exam # 1 CH 100, Introductory Chemistry, Fall, 2003 Name"

Transcription

1 Exam # 1 CH 100, Introductory Chemistry, Fall, 2003 Name Be sure to show your set up for all mathematical problems. Your answers must have the correct number of significant digits and the correct units. I. Chemistry is a quantitative science therefore we must make measurements. All measurements have an uncertainty that we need to be aware of in our calculations. A. We need to be able to determine the number of significant figures in a measurement. For the following measurement state the number of significant figures. (4pts) cm x 10-5 m g cm 1 B. We need to be able to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with measurements. Solve the following problems. (4 pts) cm + 5 cm cm = 8 cm cm x 2.00 cm x cm = 8.0 cm g g = 5.35 g g / 5.2 ml = 1.5 g/ml B. It is often necessary to convert from one unit to another. This is easily accomplished with the right unit factor. Solve the following problems. 1. During the last six lunar landings 842 pounds of Moon samples have been collected. What is this mass expressed in kilograms? ( 2.2 pounds = 1 kilograms) (4 pts) 842 lbs x 1 kg / 2.2 lbs = kg = 380 kg 2. If a 250 ml beaker weighs 95.4 g, what is the mass in kilograms? (1 kg = 1000 g) (4 pts) 95.4 g x 1kg / 1000g = kg = 9.54 x 10-3 kg 3. If the radius of an oxygen atom is 6.6 x dm, what is the radius in nm? (1 m = 10 dm, 1 m = 10 9 nm) (5 pts) 6.6 x dm x 1 m / 10 dm x 10 9 nm/ 1 m = 6.6 x 10-2 nm 1

2 C. Chemists often deal with percent problems. As long as you remember that percent refers to per 100, these problems can be solved. 1. A penny minted after 1982 is composed of copper and zinc only. If a penny has a mass of g and is 2.50 % copper. What is the mass of zinc in the coin? (5 pts) g x 2.50/100 = g of Cu g of penny g of Cu = g = g of Zn (2.44 g of Zn is correct also) D. Density is a very important concept for chemist. The density of a substance can be obtained in a chemistry laboratory. 1. A rubber stopper with a mass of g is dropped in a 50-mL graduated cylinder that has 20.4 ml of water. After the stopper is dropped in the graduated cylinder, the water level rises to 24.7 ml. What is the density of the rubber stopper? (5 pts) g / (24.7 ml 20.4 ml) = g / ml = 5.52 g / ml (5.5 g /ml is accepted) We can make predictions if the density is known. 2. A glass cylinder contains four liquid layers: mercury (d = 13.6 g/ml), chloroform (d = 1.49 g/ml), water (d = 1.00 g/ml), ether (d = g/ml). If a piece of ice (d = g/ml) is dropped into the cylinder, where does it come to rest? Why? (5 pts) The mercury layer will be on the bottom, then the chloroform, then the water, and finally the ether. The ice will sink in the ether layer and float on top of the water layer. If the density is know, we can we can find the mass of a given volume or the volume of a given mass. 3. The density of aluminum is 2.70 g/ml. What volume will 250 g of Al occupy? What is the mass of a piece of aluminum with a volume of 250 ml? (6 pts) 250 g of Al x 1 ml / 2.70 g = ml = 93 ml 250 ml of Al x 2.70 g / 1 ml = 675 g = 680 g 2

3 Using the density value we can indirectly obtain distances that are too small to measure directly. 4. A sample of aluminum foil has a length of 10.0 cm and a width of 5.7 cm. If the aluminum foil weighs g, what is the thickness of the aluminum foil? Remember that the density of aluminum is 2.70 g/ml. (6 pts) Volume of Al = length x width x thickness = mass / density g x 1 ml / 2.70 g = ml ml / 10.0 cm x 5.7 cm = cm = 1.5 x 10 3 cm E. Heat and temperature are two very important concepts. 1. In your own words, please state the difference between heat and temperature. What is a common unit of each? (5 pts) Heat measures the total energy of a sample and temperature measure the intensity of heat or the average heat of a sample. A common unit of heat is a calorie and a common unit of temperature is Kelvin. It is important to be able to convert from one temperature unit to another. 2. Aluminum melts at 1220 o F. (You can see why aluminum is not a liquid at room temperature) What is the melting point of aluminum in degree Celsius ( o C) and in Kelvin (K)? ( o F 32 o F) x 100 o C = o C K = o C (6 pts) 180 o F (1220 o F 32)(100 / 180) = 660 o C 660 o C = 933 K We can also calculate the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a substance if we know the specific heat of the substance. 3. Define the term specific heat. (5 pts) Specific heat is the amount of heat required to bring about a given change in temperature. We can also define the specific heat as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius. 3

4 4. The specific heat of water is 1.00 cal/g o C. How many calories of heat are required to raise the temperature of 155 g of water to make a cup of tea from room temperature (20.5 o C) to hot (95.5 o C)? (5 pts) 1.00 cal / o C x 155 g x ( ) o C = cal = 1.16 x 10 4 cal 5. In performing a multistep calculation, when should you round off the answer in the calculator display? (5 pts) In a multistep calculation you should round off the answer at the end of the calculation E. Matter and Energy. 1. We learned four terms in chapter 4, heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous mixture, compound, and element. Please an example of each. (8 pts) An example of a heterogeneous mixture is the earth s crust. A heterogeneous mixture can be separated into pure substances by physical methods. An example of a homogeneous mixture is salt water. The properties of a homogeneous mixture constant for a given sample. An example of a compound is NaCl. A compound can be broken down into elements by ordinary chemical reactions. An example of an element is Na. An element is a substance that can not be broken down further by a chemical reaction. 2. Match Symbols and Names (10 pts) 1. sodium d 2. iron c 3. carbon e 4. nitrogen b 5. phosphorous a a. P b. N c. Fe d. Na e. C 4

5 1. Cl e 2. Ce c 3. Cu b 4. Co d 5. Ca a a. Calcium b. Copper c. Cesium d. Cobalt e. Chlorine 3. Give an example for each of the following terms: (8 pts) a. physical property Appearance, melting point, boiling point, density, heat and electrical conductivity, solubility, and physical state under normal conditions are all examples of physical properties. b. chemical property A chemical property of a substance describes its chemical reactions with other substances. The chemical property of sodium states that sodium will react with water to form hydrogen gas. c. physical change A physical change include changing shape, volume, or physical state. For example when water changes to ice. d. chemical change - A chemical change always involves the formation of a new substance. Gas bubbles from the reaction of calcium with water. 5

Welcome to the World of Chemistry

Welcome to the World of Chemistry Welcome to the World of Chemistry The Language of Chemistry CHEMICAL ELEMENTS - pure substances that cannot be decomposed by ordinary means to other substances. Aluminum Bromine Sodium The Language of

More information

Chapter 1: Chemistry: Measurements and Methods

Chapter 1: Chemistry: Measurements and Methods Chapter 1: Chemistry: Measurements and Methods 1.1 The Discovery Process o Chemistry - The study of matter o Matter - Anything that has mass and occupies space, the stuff that things are made of. This

More information

Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids. The Periodic Table. Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids. Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids

Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids. The Periodic Table. Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids. Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids The Periodic Table Metals, nonmetals, and metalloids A table listing all of the known elements The most important organizing principle in chemistry Properties of metals high luster (shiny) solids at room

More information

CHAPTER 3: MATTER. Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64

CHAPTER 3: MATTER. Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64 CHAPTER 3: MATTER Active Learning Questions: 1-6, 9, 13-14; End-of-Chapter Questions: 1-18, 20, 24-32, 38-42, 44, 49-52, 55-56, 61-64 3.1 MATTER Matter: Anything that has mass and occupies volume We study

More information

What s in a Mole? Molar Mass

What s in a Mole? Molar Mass LESSON 10 What s in a Mole? Molar Mass OVERVIEW Key Ideas Lesson Type Lab: Groups of 4 Chemists compare moles of substances rather than masses because moles are a way of counting atoms. When considering

More information

7-5.5. Translate chemical symbols and the chemical formulas of common substances to show the component parts of the substances including:

7-5.5. Translate chemical symbols and the chemical formulas of common substances to show the component parts of the substances including: 7-5.5 Translate chemical symbols and the chemical formulas of common substances to show the component parts of the substances including: NaCl [salt], H 2 O [water], C 6 H 12 O 6 [simple sugar], O 2 [oxygen

More information

Chapter 3 Student Reading

Chapter 3 Student Reading Chapter 3 Student Reading If you hold a solid piece of lead or iron in your hand, it feels heavy for its size. If you hold the same size piece of balsa wood or plastic, it feels light for its size. The

More information

Chapter 2 Matter and Energy

Chapter 2 Matter and Energy 1 Chapter 2 Matter and Energy Matter Matter is the material that makes up all things is anything that has mass and occupies space is classified as either pure substances or mixtures Pure Substances A pure

More information

Experiment 3 Introduction to Density INTRODUCTION

Experiment 3 Introduction to Density INTRODUCTION Experiment 3 Introduction to Density INTRODUCTION The purpose of this experiment is to understand the meaning and significance of the density of a substance. Density is a basic physical property of a homogeneous

More information

CHEM 101 / 105 LECT 1

CHEM 101 / 105 LECT 1 CHEM 101 / 105 LECT 1 Rules of the road: Your Loyola computer account (activate it). Class Web site (visit and send me an e-mail B4 Tues.) spavko1@luc.edu Chapter 1. Chemistry is... Matter is... Classifications

More information

2014 Spring CHEM101 Ch1-2 Review Worksheet Modified by Dr. Cheng-Yu Lai,

2014 Spring CHEM101 Ch1-2 Review Worksheet Modified by Dr. Cheng-Yu Lai, Ch1 1) Which of the following underlined items is not an intensive property? A) A chemical reaction requires 3.00 g of oxygen. B) The density of helium at 25 C is 1.64 10-4 g/cm3. C) The melting point

More information

CHAPTER 4: MATTER & ENERGY

CHAPTER 4: MATTER & ENERGY CHAPTER 4: MATTER & ENERGY Problems: 1,3,5,7,13,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,37,41,43,45,47,49,51,53,55,57,59,63,65,67,69,77,79,81,83 4.1 Physical States of Matter Matter: Anything that has mass and occupies

More information

The Mole Concept. A. Atomic Masses and Avogadro s Hypothesis

The Mole Concept. A. Atomic Masses and Avogadro s Hypothesis The Mole Concept A. Atomic Masses and Avogadro s Hypothesis 1. We have learned that compounds are made up of two or more different elements and that elements are composed of atoms. Therefore, compounds

More information

CHAPTER 1 Chemical Foundations

CHAPTER 1 Chemical Foundations CHAPTER 1 Chemical Foundations Remember -- on all AP Chemistry tests and the AP Chemistry Exam NO CALCULATORS may be used for the multiple choice sections. In addition, you will have 1.2 minutes per question.

More information

Chapter 4 Practice Quiz

Chapter 4 Practice Quiz Chapter 4 Practice Quiz 1. Label each box with the appropriate state of matter. A) I: Gas II: Liquid III: Solid B) I: Liquid II: Solid III: Gas C) I: Solid II: Liquid III: Gas D) I: Gas II: Solid III:

More information

Name Date Class. Guided Reading and Study

Name Date Class. Guided Reading and Study Describing Matter This section describes the kinds of properties used to describe matter. It also defines elements and contrasts compounds and mixtures. Use Target Reading Skills Write a definition of

More information

Chemical Composition Review Mole Calculations Percent Composition. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8 1

Chemical Composition Review Mole Calculations Percent Composition. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8 1 Chemical Composition Review Mole Calculations Percent Composition Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8 1 QUESTION Suppose you work in a hardware store and a customer wants to purchase 500

More information

Name: Teacher: Pd. Date:

Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: STAAR Tutorial : Energy and Matter: Elements, Compounds, and Chemical Equations: 6.5C Differentiate between elements and compounds on the most basic level. 8.5F Recognize whether

More information

Name Class Date. physical property solid liquid

Name Class Date. physical property solid liquid 2.1 MATTER SECTION REVIEW Objectives Identify the characteristics of matter and substances Differentiate among the three states of matter Define physical property and list several common physical properties

More information

Chapter Test B. Chapter: Measurements and Calculations

Chapter Test B. Chapter: Measurements and Calculations Assessment Chapter Test B Chapter: Measurements and Calculations PART I In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question. 1.

More information

10 g 5 g? 10 g 5 g. 10 g 5 g. scale

10 g 5 g? 10 g 5 g. 10 g 5 g. scale The International System of Units, or the SI Units Vs. Honors Chem 1 LENGTH In the SI, the base unit of length is the Meter. Prefixes identify additional units of length, based on the meter. Smaller than

More information

Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations

Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations Atomic Mass & Formula Mass Recall from Chapter Three that the average mass of an atom of a given element can be found on the periodic

More information

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State State the term that applies to each of the following changes of physical state: (a) Snow changes from a solid to a liquid. (b) Gasoline changes from a liquid

More information

Chemical Changes. Measuring a Chemical Reaction. Name(s)

Chemical Changes. Measuring a Chemical Reaction. Name(s) Chemical Changes Name(s) In the particle model of matter, individual atoms can be bound tightly to other atoms to form molecules. For example, water molecules are made up of two hydrogen atoms bound to

More information

Honors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1. A chemical equation. (C-4.4)

Honors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1. A chemical equation. (C-4.4) Honors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Question What is a symbolic representation of a chemical reaction? What 3 things (values) is a mole of a chemical

More information

The Atom Atomic Number Mass Number Isotopes

The Atom Atomic Number Mass Number Isotopes The Atom Atomic Number Mass Number Isotopes 1 Atomic Theory Atoms are building blocks of elements Similar atoms in each element Different from atoms of other elements Two or more different atoms bond in

More information

Sample Questions in multiple choice format.

Sample Questions in multiple choice format. Sample Questions in multiple choice format. 1. Which among the following statements is false? A) A solid has a definite shape and a definite volume. B) A liquid has a definite volume; but it has no definite

More information

Unit 2: Quantities in Chemistry

Unit 2: Quantities in Chemistry Mass, Moles, & Molar Mass Relative quantities of isotopes in a natural occurring element (%) E.g. Carbon has 2 isotopes C-12 and C-13. Of Carbon s two isotopes, there is 98.9% C-12 and 11.1% C-13. Find

More information

Name: Unit 2- Elements, Compounds and Mixtures and Physical/Chemical Properties and Changes. Elements, Compounds and Mixtures

Name: Unit 2- Elements, Compounds and Mixtures and Physical/Chemical Properties and Changes. Elements, Compounds and Mixtures Name: Unit 2- Elements, Compounds and Mixtures and Physical/Chemical Properties and Changes Day Page # Description IC/HW All 2 Warm-up IC 1 3 5 Matter Notes IC 1 6 Nuts & Bolts IC 1 7 Elements, Compounds

More information

Chapter 2 Measurements in Chemistry. Standard measuring device. Standard scale gram (g)

Chapter 2 Measurements in Chemistry. Standard measuring device. Standard scale gram (g) 1 Chapter 2 Measurements in Chemistry Standard measuring device Standard scale gram (g) 2 Reliability of Measurements Accuracy closeness to true value Precision reproducibility Example: 98.6 o F 98.5 o

More information

Temperature Scales. temperature scales Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin

Temperature Scales. temperature scales Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Ch. 10-11 Concept Ch. 10 #1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 11 Ch11, # 3, 6, 11 Problems Ch10 # 3, 5, 11, 17, 21, 24, 25, 29, 33, 37, 39, 43, 47, 59 Problems: CH 11 # 1, 2, 3a, 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 15, 22, 25, 27, 28, 35 Temperature

More information

IB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review

IB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review DP Chemistry Review Topic 1: Quantitative chemistry 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro s constant Assessment statement Apply the mole concept to substances. Determine the number of particles and the amount

More information

SYMBOLS, FORMULAS AND MOLAR MASSES

SYMBOLS, FORMULAS AND MOLAR MASSES SYMBOLS, FORMULAS AND MOLAR MASSES OBJECTIVES 1. To correctly write and interpret chemical formulas 2. To calculate molecular weights from chemical formulas 3. To calculate moles from grams using chemical

More information

UNIT (1) MEASUREMENTS IN CHEMISTRY

UNIT (1) MEASUREMENTS IN CHEMISTRY UNIT (1) MEASUREMENTS IN CHEMISTRY Measurements are part of our daily lives. We measure our weights, driving distances, and gallons of gasoline. As a health professional you might measure blood pressure,

More information

Mole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014

Mole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014 1 2 How do chemists count atoms/formula units/molecules? How do we go from the atomic scale to the scale of everyday measurements (macroscopic scale)? The gateway is the mole! But before we get to the

More information

ATOMS. Multiple Choice Questions

ATOMS. Multiple Choice Questions Chapter 3 ATOMS AND MOLECULES Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following correctly represents 360 g of water? (i) 2 moles of H 2 0 (ii) 20 moles of water (iii) 6.022 10 23 molecules of water (iv)

More information

Name Matter Questions Date:

Name Matter Questions Date: Name Matter Questions Date: 1. Which substance has a definite shape and a definite volume at STP? 1) NaCl(aq) 2) Cl2(g) 3) CCl4( ) 4) AlCl3(s) 2. Which two particle diagrams represent mixtures of diatornic

More information

EXPERIMENT 12: Empirical Formula of a Compound

EXPERIMENT 12: Empirical Formula of a Compound EXPERIMENT 12: Empirical Formula of a Compound INTRODUCTION Chemical formulas indicate the composition of compounds. A formula that gives only the simplest ratio of the relative number of atoms in a compound

More information

Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds

Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds Topic Using the Periodic Table Metals, Non- Metals & Metalloids I can Explain and identify the periods of the Periodic Table.

More information

Molecular Formula: Example

Molecular Formula: Example Molecular Formula: Example A compound is found to contain 85.63% C and 14.37% H by mass. In another experiment its molar mass is found to be 56.1 g/mol. What is its molecular formula? 1 CHAPTER 3 Chemical

More information

Module Three Characterizing Compounds Using Mass Percents and Empirical Formulas. Chem 170. Stoichiometric Calculations.

Module Three Characterizing Compounds Using Mass Percents and Empirical Formulas. Chem 170. Stoichiometric Calculations. Chem 170 Stoichiometric Calculations Module Three Characterizing Compounds Using Mass Percents and Empirical Formulas DePauw University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Page 1 Introduction to Module

More information

CHEM 101/105 Numbers and mass / Counting and weighing Lect-03

CHEM 101/105 Numbers and mass / Counting and weighing Lect-03 CHEM 101/105 Numbers and mass / Counting and weighing Lect-03 Interpretation of Elemental Chemical Symbols, Chemical Formulas, and Chemical Equations Interpretation of an element's chemical symbol depends

More information

4.4 Calculations Involving the Mole Concept

4.4 Calculations Involving the Mole Concept 44 Section 43 Questions 1 Define Avogadro s constant, and explain its significance in quantitative analysis 2 Distinguish between the terms atomic mass and molar mass 3 Calculate the mass of a molecule

More information

Chemical Formulas, Equations, and Reactions Test Pre-AP Write all answers on your answer document.

Chemical Formulas, Equations, and Reactions Test Pre-AP Write all answers on your answer document. Name: Period: Chemical Formulas, Equations, and Reactions Test Pre-AP Write all answers on your answer document. 1. Which of the following is a NOT a physical property of hydrogen? A. It is gas C. It is

More information

Mass and Volume Relationships

Mass and Volume Relationships Mass and Volume Relationships Objective: The purpose of this laboratory exercise is to become familiar with some of the basic relationships and units used by scientists. In this experiment you will perform

More information

Mixtures and Pure Substances

Mixtures and Pure Substances Unit 2 Mixtures and Pure Substances Matter can be classified into two groups: mixtures and pure substances. Mixtures are the most common form of matter and consist of mixtures of pure substances. They

More information

Chemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions

Chemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions Chemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions Chemical reactions are classified into five groups: A + B AB Synthesis reactions (Combination) H + O H O AB A + B Decomposition reactions (Analysis) NaCl Na +Cl

More information

Periodic Table Packet #1

Periodic Table Packet #1 Directions: Answer the questions with the proper information using your notes, book, and the periodic table. 1. Define a family. 2. What is a period? 3. What is the symbol for the following elements. a.

More information

Multiple Choice Questions NCERT

Multiple Choice Questions NCERT CHAPTER 3 Metals and Non-metals Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following property is generally not shown by metals? (a) Electrical conduction (b) Sonorous in nature (c) Dullness (d) Ductility

More information

Heterogeneous Homogenous. Mixtures; Solutions. Phases of matter: Solid. Phases of Matter: Liquid. Phases of Matter: Gas. Solid, Liquid, Gas

Heterogeneous Homogenous. Mixtures; Solutions. Phases of matter: Solid. Phases of Matter: Liquid. Phases of Matter: Gas. Solid, Liquid, Gas Phases of matter: Solid Heterogeneous Homogenous Mixtures Solutions Phases of Matter: Liquid Atoms and molecules are more spaced out and now can move. The material can be slightly compressed into a smaller

More information

Review - After School Matter Name: Review - After School Matter Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Review - After School Matter Name: Review - After School Matter Tuesday, April 29, 2008 Name: Review - After School Matter Tuesday, April 29, 2008 1. Figure 1 The graph represents the relationship between temperature and time as heat was added uniformly to a substance starting at a solid

More information

INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Concepts and Critical Thinking

INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Concepts and Critical Thinking INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Concepts and Critical Thinking Sixth Edition by Charles H. Corwin Chapter 13 Liquids and Solids by Christopher Hamaker 1 Chapter 13 Properties of Liquids Unlike gases, liquids do

More information

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements Material: laboratory display of the elements and a wall periodic table is required. Objective: To learn the use of periodic table for writing electron configuration of elements. INTRODUCTION Basic building

More information

Chapter 4. Chemical Composition. Chapter 4 Topics H 2 S. 4.1 Mole Quantities. The Mole Scale. Molar Mass The Mass of 1 Mole

Chapter 4. Chemical Composition. Chapter 4 Topics H 2 S. 4.1 Mole Quantities. The Mole Scale. Molar Mass The Mass of 1 Mole Chapter 4 Chemical Composition Chapter 4 Topics 1. Mole Quantities 2. Moles, Masses, and Particles 3. Determining Empirical Formulas 4. Chemical Composition of Solutions Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies,

More information

Stoichiometry Review

Stoichiometry Review Stoichiometry Review There are 20 problems in this review set. Answers, including problem set-up, can be found in the second half of this document. 1. N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) --------> 2NH 3 (g) a. nitrogen

More information

Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1

Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1 Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1 1. A mixture (is/is not) a chemical combining of substances. 2. In a compound the (atoms/molecules) are (chemically/physically) combined so that the elements that make up

More information

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 3.1 Metric Basic Units and Prefixes

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 3.1 Metric Basic Units and Prefixes EXAMPLE EXERCISE 3.1 Metric Basic Units and Prefixes Give the symbol for each of the following metric units and state the quantity measured by each unit: (a) gigameter (b) kilogram (c) centiliter (d) microsecond

More information

CHAPTER 3: MATTER & ENERGY

CHAPTER 3: MATTER & ENERGY CHAPTER 3: MATTER & ENERGY Problems: 1-50, 57-58, 61-74, 107, 109-115 3.2 What is Matter? Matter: Anything that has mass and occupies volume We study matter at different levels: macroscopic: the level

More information

Chapter 2 Measurement and Problem Solving

Chapter 2 Measurement and Problem Solving Introductory Chemistry, 3 rd Edition Nivaldo Tro Measurement and Problem Solving Graph of global Temperature rise in 20 th Century. Cover page Opposite page 11. Roy Kennedy Massachusetts Bay Community

More information

Name: KEY Block: Date: Unit 2 Test Review

Name: KEY Block: Date: Unit 2 Test Review Name: KEY Block: Date: Unit 2 Test Review Matter and Atomic Structure Complete the following problems to help prepare you for you Unit 2 Test. You more than likely will want to answer these questions on

More information

Periodic Table, Valency and Formula

Periodic Table, Valency and Formula Periodic Table, Valency and Formula Origins of the Periodic Table Mendelѐѐv in 1869 proposed that a relationship existed between the chemical properties of elements and their atomic masses. He noticed

More information

Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions

Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions I II III IV A. What is the Mole? A counting number (like a dozen) Avogadro s number (N A ) 1 mole = 6.022 10 23 representative particles B. Mole/Particle Conversions

More information

FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY

FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing solids, gases, liquids, and plasma. LAB: Exploring how states of matter can

More information

CHAPTER 2: MEASUREMENT AND PROBLEM SOLVING

CHAPTER 2: MEASUREMENT AND PROBLEM SOLVING CHAPTER 2: MEASUREMENT AND PROBLEM SOLVING Problems: 1-64, 69-88, 91-120, 123-124 2.1 Measuring Global Temperatures measurement: a number with attached units When scientists collect data, it is important

More information

Description of the Mole Concept:

Description of the Mole Concept: Description of the Mole Concept: Suppose you were sent into the store to buy 36 eggs. When you picked them up you would get 3 boxes, each containing 12 eggs. You just used a mathematical device, called

More information

Hands-On Labs SM-1 Lab Manual

Hands-On Labs SM-1 Lab Manual EXPERIMENT 4: Separation of a Mixture of Solids Read the entire experiment and organize time, materials, and work space before beginning. Remember to review the safety sections and wear goggles when appropriate.

More information

Section 3.1 Properties of Matter

Section 3.1 Properties of Matter Section 3.1 Properties of Matter In your textbook, read about physical properties and chemical properties of matter. Use each of the terms below just once to complete the passage. chemical mass physical

More information

Chemistry Post-Enrolment Worksheet

Chemistry Post-Enrolment Worksheet Name: Chemistry Post-Enrolment Worksheet The purpose of this worksheet is to get you to recap some of the fundamental concepts that you studied at GCSE and introduce some of the concepts that will be part

More information

Freezing Point Depression: Why Don t Oceans Freeze? Teacher Advanced Version

Freezing Point Depression: Why Don t Oceans Freeze? Teacher Advanced Version Freezing Point Depression: Why Don t Oceans Freeze? Teacher Advanced Version Freezing point depression describes the process where the temperature at which a liquid freezes is lowered by adding another

More information

Atoms, Isotopes, and Ions

Atoms, Isotopes, and Ions WHY? ACTIVITY 02-1 Atoms, Isotopes, and Ions Atoms are the fundamental building blocks of all substances. To begin to understand the properties of atoms and how they combine to form molecules, you must

More information

The volume of a penny will be calculated from its mass and density.

The volume of a penny will be calculated from its mass and density. Measurement and Density In science a key concern is the quantities involved in chemical processes. These amounts can be directly measured or calculated from other measurements. A measurement consists of

More information

Chapter Outline. 3 Elements and Compounds. Elements and Atoms. Elements. Elements. Elements 9/4/2013

Chapter Outline. 3 Elements and Compounds. Elements and Atoms. Elements. Elements. Elements 9/4/2013 3 Elements and Compounds Chapter Outline 3.1 Elements A. Distribution of Elements Foundations of College Chemistry, 14 th Ed. Morris Hein and Susan Arena Copyright This reclining Buddha in Thailand is

More information

Test Bank - Chapter 3 Multiple Choice

Test Bank - Chapter 3 Multiple Choice Test Bank - Chapter 3 The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 3. Select questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The

More information

5. Which temperature is equal to +20 K? 1) 253ºC 2) 293ºC 3) 253 C 4) 293 C

5. Which temperature is equal to +20 K? 1) 253ºC 2) 293ºC 3) 253 C 4) 293 C 1. The average kinetic energy of water molecules increases when 1) H 2 O(s) changes to H 2 O( ) at 0ºC 3) H 2 O( ) at 10ºC changes to H 2 O( ) at 20ºC 2) H 2 O( ) changes to H 2 O(s) at 0ºC 4) H 2 O( )

More information

PHYSICAL SEPARATION TECHNIQUES. Introduction

PHYSICAL SEPARATION TECHNIQUES. Introduction PHYSICAL SEPARATION TECHNIQUES Lab #2 Introduction When two or more substances, that do not react chemically, are blended together, the result is a mixture in which each component retains its individual

More information

midterm1, 2009 Name: Class: Date:

midterm1, 2009 Name: Class: Date: Class: Date: midterm1, 2009 Record your name on the top of this exam and on the scantron form. Record the test ID letter in the top right box of the scantron form. Record all of your answers on the scantron

More information

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law.

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law. Example Exercise 6.1 Periodic Law Find the two elements in the fifth row of the periodic table that violate the original periodic law proposed by Mendeleev. Mendeleev proposed that elements be arranged

More information

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical and Chemical Properties Physical and Chemical Properties Introduction Matter can be classified in different ways using physical and chemical properties. Physical properties include color, odor, density, hardness, structure, solubility,

More information

Q = mc T f T i ) Q = mc T)

Q = mc T f T i ) Q = mc T) Problem Solving with Heat Heat is quite a complex concept. Heat can be effected by how much of the substance there is, what temperature the substance is at, and what the substance is. We need a unit define

More information

Practice Hour Examination I. Use the Periodic Table in your book. Normally one will be provided. These are some sample problems.

Practice Hour Examination I. Use the Periodic Table in your book. Normally one will be provided. These are some sample problems. Chemistry 1111 bruary 2011 Practice Hour Examination I Use the Periodic Table in your book. Normally one will be provided. These are some sample problems. 1. What is the average mass (in grams) of one

More information

2 The Structure of Atoms

2 The Structure of Atoms CHAPTER 4 2 The Structure of Atoms SECTION Atoms KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What do atoms of the same element have in common? What are isotopes? How is an element

More information

EXPERIMENT 7 Reaction Stoichiometry and Percent Yield

EXPERIMENT 7 Reaction Stoichiometry and Percent Yield EXPERIMENT 7 Reaction Stoichiometry and Percent Yield INTRODUCTION Stoichiometry calculations are about calculating the amounts of substances that react and form in a chemical reaction. The word stoichiometry

More information

Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test

Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test NAME Section 7.1 The Mole: A Measurement of Matter A. What is a mole? 1. Chemistry is a quantitative science. What does this term mean?

More information

CHEMISTRY GAS LAW S WORKSHEET

CHEMISTRY GAS LAW S WORKSHEET Boyle s Law Charles Law Guy-Lassac's Law Combined Gas Law For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of a gas varies inversely with pressure PV = k The volume of a fixed mass of gas is

More information

Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals

Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals Summary In this lesson, students will make measurements, calculations, and inferences to help solve a mystery about Created by: 2014 AACT Elementary School Content Writing Team

More information

Chemistry: Chemical Equations

Chemistry: Chemical Equations Chemistry: Chemical Equations Write a balanced chemical equation for each word equation. Include the phase of each substance in the equation. Classify the reaction as synthesis, decomposition, single replacement,

More information

2 MATTER. 2.1 Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes

2 MATTER. 2.1 Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes 2 MATTER Matter is the material of which the universe is composed. It has two characteristics: It has mass; and It occupies space (i.e., it has a volume). Matter can be found in three generic states: Solid;

More information

Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1

Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1 Chemistry Worksheet: Matter #1 1. A mixture (is/is not) a chemical combining of substances. 2. In a compound the (atoms/molecules) are (chemically/physically) combined so that the elements that make up

More information

Name Date Class THERMOCHEMISTRY. SECTION 17.1 THE FLOW OF ENERGY HEAT AND WORK (pages 505 510)

Name Date Class THERMOCHEMISTRY. SECTION 17.1 THE FLOW OF ENERGY HEAT AND WORK (pages 505 510) 17 THERMOCHEMISTRY SECTION 17.1 THE FLOW OF ENERGY HEAT AND WORK (pages 505 510) This section explains the relationship between energy and heat, and distinguishes between heat capacity and specific heat.

More information

1 Introduction The Scientific Method (1 of 20) 1 Introduction Observations and Measurements Qualitative, Quantitative, Inferences (2 of 20)

1 Introduction The Scientific Method (1 of 20) 1 Introduction Observations and Measurements Qualitative, Quantitative, Inferences (2 of 20) The Scientific Method (1 of 20) This is an attempt to state how scientists do science. It is necessarily artificial. Here are MY five steps: Make observations the leaves on my plant are turning yellow

More information

Introductory Chemistry Fourth Edition Nivaldo J. Tro

Introductory Chemistry Fourth Edition Nivaldo J. Tro Introductory Chemistry Fourth Edition Nivaldo J. Tro Chapter 6 Chemical Composition Dr. Sylvia Esjornson Southwestern Oklahoma State University Weatherford, OK 6.1 How Much Sodium? Sodium is an important

More information

The Mole Notes. There are many ways to or measure things. In Chemistry we also have special ways to count and measure things, one of which is the.

The Mole Notes. There are many ways to or measure things. In Chemistry we also have special ways to count and measure things, one of which is the. The Mole Notes I. Introduction There are many ways to or measure things. In Chemistry we also have special ways to count and measure things, one of which is the. A. The Mole (mol) Recall that atoms of

More information

The concept of concentration exists to answer the question: How much of the stuff is there?

The concept of concentration exists to answer the question: How much of the stuff is there? Concentrations and Other Units of Measure (Nazaroff & Alvarez-Cohen, Section 1.C.1) The concept of concentration exists to answer the question: How much of the stuff is there? Definition: The concentration

More information

CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE

CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE OVERVIEW The periodic table is usually the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about the subject of chemistry. We have all heard about the periodic table from as

More information

0.279 M Change g to mol: g/mol = mol Molarity = mol L = mol 0.325L = M

0.279 M Change g to mol: g/mol = mol Molarity = mol L = mol 0.325L = M 118 ChemQuest 39 Name: Date: Hour: Information: Molarity Concentration is a term that describes the amount of solute that is dissolved in a solution. Concentrated solutions contain a lot of dissolved solute,

More information

= 800 kg/m 3 (note that old units cancel out) 4.184 J 1000 g = 4184 J/kg o C

= 800 kg/m 3 (note that old units cancel out) 4.184 J 1000 g = 4184 J/kg o C Units and Dimensions Basic properties such as length, mass, time and temperature that can be measured are called dimensions. Any quantity that can be measured has a value and a unit associated with it.

More information

Chapter 16: Tests for ions and gases

Chapter 16: Tests for ions and gases The position of hydrogen in the reactivity series Hydrogen, although not a metal, is included in the reactivity series because it, like metals, can be displaced from aqueous solution, only this time the

More information

Instructions Answer all questions in the spaces provided. Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked.

Instructions Answer all questions in the spaces provided. Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. GCSE CHEMISTRY Higher Tier Chemistry 1H H Specimen 2018 Time allowed: 1 hour 45 minutes Materials For this paper you must have: a ruler a calculator the periodic table (enclosed). Instructions Answer all

More information

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements INTRODUCTION Primary substances, called elements, build all the materials around you. There are more than 109 different elements known today. The elements

More information

20.2 Chemical Equations

20.2 Chemical Equations All of the chemical changes you observed in the last Investigation were the result of chemical reactions. A chemical reaction involves a rearrangement of atoms in one or more reactants to form one or more

More information