Unit 9: World War One

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1 Unit 9: World War One

2 FOQs What was happening in Europe to cause World War I? How was World War I such a huge and destructive conflict? What events led to the end of World War One and what did the map of Europe look like after the war? In what ways did World War One lead to World War Two?

3 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about World War One. We will be using Chapter 27 for this Unit of study.

4 Is War Ever Justified? Something to think about. We ll talk about this throughout the unit. Is there one correct answer?

5 FOQ#1:What was happening in Europe to cause World War I? Like a nasty and poisonous plant, war came to Europe because of dark and odorous seeds of issues that would ultimately lead to the start of the most destructive event man had ever known. European Rivalries, Nationalism, Militarism, and Alliances all contributed in the creation of bad feelings among many of Europe s most powerful countries.

6 The Poison Seeds : Four Reasons for World War One!! World War One European Rivalries Nationalism Militarism Alliances

7 European Rivalries VS.

8 Nationalism: Assassination of Arch- Duke Ferdinand

9 Militarism: German Kaiser Wilhelm II

10 Alliances Serbia+Russia+France+Great Britain Later: Italy and The United States VS Austria-Hungary+Germany+The Ottomans Early: Italy

11 Alliances Are To Blame For World War Before World War One began, countries throughout Europe sought protection and added strength through alliances with other European countries. That seemed like a good idea, however once war began, those alliances allowed the conflict to become larger and larger as country after country became involved in the fight.

12 The Spark!! While the seeds of war created an environment for world-wide conflict, there was a Spark that put World War One into motion. The assassination of Austrian Arch-Duke Ferdinand by a Serbian nationalist terror group began a chain reaction that directly led to the start of World War One.

13 HW#1 Check out the pictures on page 680. Really focus on what the colors mean on the map. Copy the map of Europe into your homework area. Answer all three questions and put answers into your homework area. Remember to copy the questions before you answer. Due next class.

14 End of Day #1 Review your notes and think about the main ideas from Day #1 Use your Summary Square to summarize the main ideas from Day #1 Remember you can use words, pictures, or both to summarize.

15 FOQ#2:Why was World War I such a huge and destructive conflict? Many countries fought during World War One Each country had a huge army (in one case over five million men). New technology allowed the invention of modern weapons that were very destructive and could kill very efficiently.

16 Huuuge Armies! By 1900, European leaders believed it was necessary to have very large armies because their neighbors had them. It wasn t crazy to see some armies over one million men strong. Most countries used conscription to get soldiers they needed. Conscription is like making military service a requirement for all male citizens. Most soldiers were from the lower classes while most officers were from the upper classes.

17 Technology of Destruction! The Industrial Revolution of the 1780s to the early 1900s encouraged a huge growth in the development of weapons. High explosives, repeating firearms, and poison gas made the ability for human beings to kill each other easier than ever before. Check out pgs Also, submarines, airplanes, and huge warships showed the technological abilities of the times. It was a deadly time in the world!

18 Railway Gun

19 Machine Gun

20 Flame Thrower

21 The Modern Submarine

22 The Modern Airplane

23 The Modern Warship

24 Trench Warfare: The Western Front As its name indicates, World War One was fought in many parts of the world and by soldiers from many different countries. The bloodiest fighting was experienced on the Western Front. French and British soldiers fought against mainly German soldiers in battles where tens of thousands of men were killed in one day of fighting. Rival armies did their best to survive in trenches and attacked the enemy across no man s land.

25 HW #2 Watch the documentary called Breaking the Deadlock and read pgs Take notes about what life was like on the Western Front Use as much details as possible. Write a letter home to your mom and dad explain what life was really like in the trenches on the Western Front of WW1. Due next class.

26 FOQ#3: What events led to the end of World War One and what did the map of Europe look like after the war? By 1916, Russia had made a separate peace and was in the middle of a violent revolution and civil war. The remaining countries battled continuously until 1918, when the defeated Central Powers were forced to surrender. The Allied Powers were aided by the United States who entered the war in Two Central Power empires were broken up after the war and new countries were created.

27 Russia Surrenders Early Imperial Russia entered World War One full of optimism and enthusiasm. Soon, Russia began to suffer great losses due to poor command decisions and a lack of basic equipment and supplies. It was the common soldier that suffered the most and along with working class citizens in the cities, there was a demand for the czar to give up his power. Led by socialist revolutionaries, the lower classes in Russia got their wish and the czar abdicated his power. Russia was out of the war.

28 The United States Tries to Stay Neutral At the beginning of the war, the United States was neutral but had a trade agreement with countries in Europe including Great Britain. Everyday, hundreds of American ships would sail to Europe and deliver goods. The Germans didn t like this situation. American goods to Great Britain meant that the island nation could get the supplies it needed to help fight the war. To stop this, Germany had a plan.

29 Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

30 The United States Becomes Argry Germany would use its fleet of submarines to surround the British Isles and not let any ships go in or out. The United States reacted angrily to the German plan and said it was unfair. This created a tense situation as Germany started sinking merchant ships in support of their plan to keep goods out of G.B. Many ships were destroyed and hundreds of Americans were killed.

31 The United States Enters the War By 1917, the U.S. was becoming very frustrated by the Germans continued attack on American ships. In addition, the Germans also sent an offer to Mexico to create a partnership to defeat the United States. This all added up to the United States entering the war in 1917 and helping destroy Germany and the Central Powers.

32 HW #3 Draw the USA Enters the War idea web on a separate piece of paper Watch Blockade documentary Fill in the necessary details in the idea web that describes the three reasons why the United States entered World War One. Assignment due next class.

33 Central Powers Collapse The Allied Powers led by Great Britain were successful in blockading supply shipments to the Central Powers. The blockade, United States entrance into the war, and overall Allied victories along all fronts of the war caused the Central Powers to collapse like this bridge. Draw the Winds of Destruction from the board into your notes

34 End of the War: Paris Peace Conference World War One ended in November 1918 with the Allied Powers victorious. The Treaty of Versailles was the most important treaty of the conference. It dealt with the conditions of Germany s surrender to the Allied Powers. The Treaty of Versailles was a harsh peace. Germany suffered for its role in the war.

35 What did the world look like after World War One? Empires were destroyed and new countries were created. Check out the maps on page 696 to see what is meant by this.

36 The Human Cost of World War One. The human cost of the war was immense (huge). Check out the Fact Finder chart on page 694. Activity #1: Answer the Skills Assessment question in your notes.

37 End of Day #3 Review your notes Think about FOQ #3 Then summarize in words and/or pictures what you think was the main idea.

38 FOQ#4:In what ways did World War I lead to World War Two? Think back to the discussion about the Treaty of Versailles. Now look for things in the treaty that might have made the Germans angry. Activity #2: Check out The Treaty of Versailles on pages Then create an idea web to show the specific reasons why Germany was so upset. These bad feelings among the Germans and in other countries led to the rise of aggressive governments that wanted to take over other parts of the world.

39 End of Day #4 Review your notes Think about FOQ #4 Then summarize in words and/or pictures what you think was the main idea.

40 The War to End All Wars?? World War One was often described that way, but it wasn t. In Germany, Austria, and Italy the effects of World War One created feelings of anger, frustration, and fear. These emotions would ultimately lead to the birth of radical personalities that would guide their countries into a dark future.

41 HW #4 So here s the question Is war ever justified? Think about the Allied side or the Central Powers and write a short answer to the question. Be as detailed as possible.

42 Next: World War Two

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