1 U.S. Reasons For Going to War U.S. declares its neutrality in Conditions will be created which pull the U.S. into war on the side of the Allies.
2 U.S. Reasons for going to War The Sinking of Merchant and Passenger ships.
3 U.S. Reasons for going to War: Lusitania Lusitania - May 1915 German U-boat sinks the Lusitania off the coast of Ireland 128 Americans are killed Americans outraged
4 U.S. Reasons for going to war: Lusitania Propaganda
5 U.S. Reasons for going to war: Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Unrestricted Submarine Warfare declared 1915, 1916, German breaks promises (Sussex) Germany is risking war with the U.S. Allied and neutral ships lost during the war To submarines ,439 1,035 To surface craft To mines To aircraft
6 Ships Sunk by U-Boats Sept April 1917 May 1917-Jan. 1918
7 U.S. Foreign Trade During WWI To the Allied Countries: England, Russia, France and Italy Dollars ,860,237 To the Central Powers: Austria- Hungary, and Germany Dollars ,289, ,991,747, ,214,480, ,878, ,159,653
8 U.S. Involvement-Reasons to go to War: Trade and Loans Trade between the United States and G.B pulled the American Economy out of Recession By 1917 the American banks had loaned $2.3 billion to the Allies and only $27 million to the Central Powers Only an Allied victory would assure repayment of these loans
9 U.S. Reasons for going to war: Zimmerman Note Message sent by German foreging minister Germans make a deal with Mexico British intercept the message War declared April 6, 1917.
10 American Expeditionary Force How to raise an army?? 1. Passage of Selective Service Act Men Ages By 1918 almost 24,000,000 registered. 4. Around 4 Million men were ultimately drafted into WWI to serve in the Expeditionary Force.
11 Johnnie, get your gun, Get your gun, get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun Who's a son of a gun. Hoist the flag and let her fly, Yankee Doodle do or die. Pack your little kit, Show your grit, do your bit. Yankee to the ranks, From the towns and the tanks. Make your mother proud of you, And the old Red, White and Blue. (chorus sung twice) Chorus Over there, over there, Send the word, send the word over there - That the Yanks are coming, The Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming Ev'rywhere. So prepare, say a pray'r, Send the word, send the word to beware. We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over Over there.
12 Gearing up for Battle 1st Division Officers By May ,000 U.S. soldiers in France July was the busiest month with 313,000 U.S. troops arriving in France. By October 2,000,000 Many arrived too late to see any action. 180,000 AEF were Black Americans.
13 AEF - Training Led by General John J. Pershing Pledged that U.S. troops would not be used to fill in the lines of the French and British. Wanted the troops to fight independently as their own divisions.
14 Battle of Meuse-Argonne Biggest operation by American Troops on the Western Front. Intent was to break through the German defenses and capture the railroad hub at Sedan to cut off German supplies. Wooded, rough, hilly terrain.
15 Battle of Meuse-Argonne Last Major engagement on the Western Front. U.S. casualties 26,277 killed and 95,786 wounded Germans diplomats begin to discuss the conditions of the Armistice.
16 Home Front Propaganda Propaganda using various forms of the Media to sway public opinion. During WWI Posters were primarily used George Creel heads the Committee on Public Inform.
17 Home Front Women in the War 11,000 women registered for military service. They served as nurses, clerical support and in communications posts. Many played key roles in the recruitment process. Replaced men in the factories and on the farm.
18 Home Front African Americans W.E.B. DuBois The Crisis(NAACP newspaper) supports the war effort The Great Migration leads to thousands of Southern blacks to American cities in the North. Escaped racial discrimination and number of jobs opened during WWI Over 180,000 served in combat duties
19 WWI Home Front How to pay for America s involvement in WWI? Liberty Bonds basically a type of savings bond. Everyone was encouraged to buy.
20 Home Front Opposition to War Not everyone agreed with the war. Pacifists objected for religious and ethical reasons Certain religious groups such as Mennonites and Quakers were given active duty exemptions but would still serve in other capacities. In WWI 3,989 conscientious objectors went through a court of inquiry to explain their position.
21 Home Front Attacks on Civil Liberties Anti-Immigrant Hysteria Hate the Hun Campaigns - banning of teaching German in schools and in some places even listening to music by German Composers Espionage Act 1917 Sedition Act 1918 extended the penalties in the Espionage Act for making disloyal remarks. Hence the quote: Make America Safe for Democracy First
22 Two Views of the Post War United States Wilson s Peace with out Victory World France and Great Britain Punishment for the perpetrators of war!
23 End of war on Eastern Front Russia signed an early treaty with Germany ending the war. Treaty of Brest Litovsk March 3, The Russian Revolution made it impossible to fight the war.
24 Armistice November 11, 1918 The term "armistice" means a cessation of hostilities as a prelude to peace negotiations. The armistice was formally signed in Foch's railway carriage on 11 November (in 1940 Hitler exacted revenge by forcing the French to sign an armistice - on German terms - in the same railway carriage). The armistice initially ran for 30 days but was regularly renewed until the formal peace treaty was signed at Versailles the following year. Should the Germans have deviated in any way from the terms of the armistice the Allies warned that a resumption of hostilities would begin within 48 hours.
25 The Failure of Versailles How does WWI bring about WWII? Answer - the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles.
26 Wilson s 14 points A proposal for A Peace with out victory Open, instead of secret diplomacy Freer trade Freedom of the sea Halting of Arms Race End of Colonialism League of Nations international organization intended to prevent war.
27 Treaty of Versailles The opulent palace at Versailles France just southwest of Paris.
28 Architects of the Peace French Premier Georges Clemenceau British Prime Minister David Lloyd George Italian Premier Vittorio Orlando US President Woodrow Wilson [Arguments between Lloyd George and myself were]... so violent that Wilson had to interpose between us with outstretched arms, saying (pleasantly), 'I have never come across two such unreasonable men.' French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau
29 Who is Missing?
30 Resentment? The Final Treaty. Terms Germany had to: Assume responsibility for starting the war Agree to pay full reparations - $33 billion Remain disarmed with a limited military Give up all of her colonies..
31 German Russian Territory Lost!
32 The final nail in the coffin! The U.S. does not sign the Treaty of Versailles. We do not want to be a part of the League of Nations. Why? 1. Congress fear of losing war powers 2. Isolationists Senator Lodge The U.S. is turning its back on its new leadership role in the world.
33 The War to End All Wars WWI lasted for 4 years and involved over 30 nations It is estimated that 26 million were killed with half this number being civilians Cost of 186 billion dollars Casualties: First World War
34 Versailles allows for WWII Major Mistake of World Leadership!!!
Unit 9 - WWI Study Questions 1. What specific event started the conflict that leads to WWI? Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand by Bosnian nationalist Leads to conflict between alliances 2. Who were the
The Road to the Great War WWI Causes of the War nationalism feeling that a specific nation, language, or culture is superior to all others imperialism creating an empire by taking over other nations (Britain,
The Great War aka WWI 1914-1918 4 MAIN Causes of WWI Militarism countries beefing up their militaries led to increased hostility Alliances countries had each other s backs Imperialism competition for colonies
Chapter 23 World War I 1914-1919 Chapter 23 1 Troubles in Europe 1. Nations competed for colonies in Africa, Asia and other parts of the world. 2. These colonies not only provided new markets and raw materials
World War I The First World War was known as The Great War in it s day and was to be the war to end all wars. 4 Long Term Causes of WWI Nationalism - each country in Europe thought their country was the
THE WORLD WAR I ERA (1914-1920) Militarism Mobilization Central Powers Allies Stalemate Propaganda Section 1 - The Road To War: A. Causes of World War I 1. June 28, 1914 - World War I is touched off by
Section I: Multiple Choice US History World War I Exam 1. Woodrow Wilson s ultimate goal at the Paris Peace Conference was to A. stop the spread of communism B. blame no one for starting the war C. force
World War I SS5H4a The student will describe U.S. involvement in World War I and post World War I America. Explain how German attacks on U.S. shipping during the war in Europe(1914-1917) ultimately led
US.27 Justify with supporting detail from text, the reasons for American entry into World War I, including the use of unrestricted submarine warfare by the Germans, the Zimmerman Note, the defense of democracy,
Chapter 22 Essential Question Was it in the national interest of the United States to stay neutral or declare war in 1917? 22.1 In the spring of 1914, President Wilson sent a trusted advisor to Europe.
The World War I Era (1914-1920) THE RoAD To WAR THE GIDEA World War I began in July 1914, and quickly spread across Europe. The United States remained neutral. European Alliances in World War I Prentice-Hall,
Lesson # Overview Title /Standards Big Question for lesson (from teaching thesis) Specific lesson Objectives (transfer from above). Content focused/action verbs Assessment of Objective(s) (you do not need
UNIT 3 - NOTES #5 CAUSES of WWI A GREAT AND TERRIBLE WAR -Ignited by an assassination and national rivalries, WWI rips Europe to pieces -European powers made alliances and took sides in the fighting central
World War I and Its Aftermath (1914 1919) SECTION 1 THE STAGE IS SET SURVEY CHAPTER 27 In the early 1900s the world seemed at peace. People joined anti-war groups. Leaders met to talk. At the same time,
President Woodrow Wilson & Entry into WWI At the beginning of his term President Woodrow Wilson once remarked, It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs.
School of Communications, University of Washington Please note: Each segment in this Webisode has its own Teaching Guide Separated from the European continent by the Atlantic Ocean, President Wilson and
HONORS U. S. HISTORY II World War I - DBQ DUE December 13, 2013 TASK: Assess AT LEAST TWO of the causes for the United States entry into the conflict of World War I. How did the United States contribute
CHAPTER TWENTY: THE GREAT WAR: WORLD WAR I, 1914 1918 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. The Decision for War A. The War in Europe B. The Perils of Neutrality C. America Enters the War D. Conflicting Views among
1914-1917 Woodrow Wilson Pre-WWI Foreign Policy 1914-1917 (7) 1914- The panama canal was finished and the US Ancon was the first ship to sail it! The military and trade route was open (10) The Great War
Lusitania & Zimmerman Telegram: US s entry into WW1 World War I started in 1914. The first declaration of war was July 28, 1914. -The US remained neutral at the beginning. -The Lusitania was sunk by German
Model answers: The Peace Treaties of the First World War What did Lloyd George hope to achieve from the Treaty of Versailles? 4 marks Lloyd George hoped to achieve a lasting peace at the Paris peace conference.
Name: Simulation: The Treaty of Versailles This activity accompanies slide 15 of The Treaty of Versailles (part 1).ppt Instructions You are going to take part in a simulation of the Versailles negotiations.
His assassination started WWI His assassination started WWI Archduke Franz Ferdinand Siberian peasant who influenced Alexandra Siberian peasant who influenced Alexandra Grigori Rasputin The last Tzar of
WWI in a Nutshell Notes and Questions to Guide Your Study Defending Neutrality: Path to War 1870s-90s: alliance system June 1914: nationalism 1914 and on: trade & loans May 1915: Lusitania Mar 1916: Sussex
CHAPTER 31 The U.S. in World War I 1. U.S. Enters the War (pp. 705 707) a. Early in 1917, President Wilson pressed for a compromise end to the bloodshed by proposing the concept of peace without. However,
Ch.19 -World War I - WWI As World War I intensified, the U.S. was forced to abandon its policy of neutrality- remaining neutral in European affairs. The involvement of the U.S. army and navy helped the
Chapter 9, Section 1 The United States Enters World War I World War I Begins Big Ideas: A network of alliances, nationalism, and militarism set the stage for World War I. World War I Begins For centuries
APUSH Chapter 30 Mr. Baughman Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when a. the Zimmermann
CAUSES OF WAR World War I Causes - Impact of War Catch-22 "Let someone else get killed!" "Suppose everyone on our side felt that way?" "Well then I'd certainly be a damned fool to feel any other way, wouldn't
Student Name World War I--Part I Level High School - Social Studies Date Prompt: This is a passage called World War I. It is about the history of World War I. World War I, also known as the Great of the
Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 12 Packet--Mr. Bargen Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the items. a. Sussex pledge
Name: Period: World War I Vocabulary List In your Social Studies Notebook develop a list of vocabulary words and definitions which appear like the following: word (part of speech) Use a split page set-up
AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES (Form B) Question 5 Analyze the ways in which the federal government sought support on the home front for the war effort during the First World War. The
WORLD WAR I A Social Studies Unit by Jami Hodges On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian- Hungarian throne) was assassinated during a visit to Sarajevo. At the time of the assassination,
1 2 3 Merchant Ships of nations at war might arm themselves to defend themselves against attack from enemy ships Some ways that merchant ships can prove that they are not war ships are: 1. Caliber of the
Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did the U.S. enter World War I? Materials: Classroom Textbook Excerpt on Copies of Documents A and B: Wilson Speeches Copies of Document C: Zinn Document Copies
Unit 4 Text Assignment: Imperialism & WWI Name Objective: The following questions will help to guide students reading and note taking through chapters 12 & 14. Please remember to read carefully and observe
Georgia s History: 2014 Brain Wrinkles SS8H7d Standards SS8H7 The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and 1918. d. Explain reasons for
U.S I Quarterly Assessment Practice Test Circle the best answer to each question. 1. Which of the following is NOT an argument in support of imperialism or expansionism? A. The United States should become
Chapter 23 America and the Great War, 1914 1920 Chapter Summary Chapter 23 introduces the student to the American role in World War I. Among the topics covered in this chapter are the complexity of the
World War II Origins and Home Front Chapters 34-35 Origins of WWII Soviet Union 1917 Russian Revolution Communism - Vladimir Lenin 1924 Lenin dies Joseph Stalin comes to power Origins of WWII - Dictators
Audience: Teachers Notes This aim of this pack is to explain the First World War to children aged 11 to 14. Scope: The coverage of the Great War is limited inasmuch as only three of the main battles are
SOL Review World War II Part I Causes and leaders of World War I Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment 1. Political instability and economic problems in Europe: - World Wide. - High war debt owed by.
Causes of WWI Causes of WWI - Overview Power Vacuum - Ottoman Empire Nationalist movements Military strategies The New Imperialism Militarization & Alliances Power Vacuum The Ottoman Decline Ottoman Empire
APUSH 1912-1916 PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT (Part 2) & WILSON S FOREIGN POLICY REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy)Chapter 29 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 20, 21 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 20,
Europe After WWI Political Challenges New democracies struggled Lack of political skill and experience Economic Struggles War casualties caused a decline in both producers and consumers of good Most European
World War II TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) WWII began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The Germans used a strategy known as blitzkrieg (lightening war), which involved coordinated
U.S. and WWII UNIT 8 WWII- EUROPE AND AT HOME America First Movement Many Americans at first did not want to get involved in WWII. Charles Lindbergh and the America First Movement spoke out against aiding
MacArthur Memorial Education Programs World War I Primary Resources John Singer Sargeant, Gassed, 1918 Background World War I was triggered by an act of terrorism. On June 28, 1914, while visiting Serbia,
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate Of Secondary Education HISTORY 0470/01 Paper 1 For Examination from 2015 SPECIMEN PAPER 2 hours Additional Materials: Answer
THE WORLD AT WAR: CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I STANDARD SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact. A. Identify the causes of the war; include
World War I Outline Europe before the War Franco-Prussia War Creates the Second Reich (Imperial Germany) France loses the Alsace-Lorraine and wants the territory returned. System of Alliances Reinsurance
US Involvement in WWI Coach Crumby World History 4/8/13 What Events in Europe Led The US into World War I? The Order of Events Serbian nationalists kill Austro-Hungarian duke. Austria Hungary warns Serbia,
Year 9 Simulation The Treaty of Versailles By Mr McDonald www.schoolhistory.co.uk From left to right: Lloyd George (UK), Italian Foreign Minister Giorgio Sonnio, Georges Clemenceau (France) & Woodrow Wilson
3. WORLD WAR I THE WAR IN EUROPE OVERVIEW OF THE VIDEO This visually rich program is the first of a two-part World War I study from the America in the 20th Century series. World War I The War in Europe
How effective was the Treaty of Versailles? This instructional task engages students in content related to the following grade-level expectations: Content Claims Unit Connection WH.1.1 Produce clear and
Timeline World War I 1914 June 28 July 28 July 31 August 1 August 3 August 4 September 6 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated in Bosnia Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia Labor leader
PAGE 1 ENQUIRY 9 Did The Allies Win The First World War Or Did The Central Powers Lose It? Key stage 3 ENQUIRY OVERVIEW This enquiry structures a staged investigation allowing students to examine the extent
C. Why did World War II break out two decades after World War I? World War I ended in November 1918. Germany, as well as Austria-Hungary, Turkey 1 and Bulgaria 2, had been defeated by a worldwide combination
Inquiry Lesson Why Did the United States Enter World War I? Ben Irwin October 28, 2009 Social Studies Methods Overview: In this lesson, students will try to figure out the reasons why the United States
World War II Unit Test Matching: Match the correct term on the left with its definition on the right (2 points each) 1. National Socialist 2. Treaty of Versailles 3. Fascism 4. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression
Unit 14 Quiz : World War II Fill in the blanks. NOTE: Not all blanks from the notes are on this quiz. You may use words once, more than once, or not at all. Causes of WWII 1. List three of the causes of
Lead-up to World War II: Immediate Cause: Germany s invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939. Underlying Causes: Terms of the Treaty of Versailles terms were extremely harsh. hoped to make renewed aggression
WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European
Chapter 19 Section 4 America Enters the War Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Chapter Objectives Section 4: America Enters the War Explain how Roosevelt helped Britain while maintaining
Canada in World War One Socials 11 Exam Review: PSII Canada before WW1 Canada was still a very young country (only became a country in 1867) "Let me tell you, my fellow Canadians, that all the signs point
7 th Grade Performance Assessment World War I Scenario: It is April 2, 1917; you are a United States Congressman. President Woodrow Wilson just made a speech asking Congress to declare war against Germany.
General USII Brodeur Unit 1 Emergence of Modern America Imperialism and WWI Theme of the Era: The time period directly before and during World War I (The Great War) created opportunity for the United States.
U.S. History Final Exam 2012 Review Name: Date: Hour: The following is a list of important terms, people, places, and events that will be included on your final exam. Be sure you can identify and explain
Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities 1. How the United States Became a World Power 1 2. Immigration 5 3. The Role of
The Great War Begins Main Idea Europe in 1914 was on the brink of war. After an assassination, the nations of Europe were drawn one by one into what would be called the Great War, or World War I. Content
separation of powers checks and balances individual rights popular sovereignty federalism separation of powers Mayflower Compact Thomas Paine's Common Sense abolitionists What was the difference in the
Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick
WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course History 2 Foreign Policy Unit of Study Unit 5: World War II (6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3) War Unit Title World War II
Unit 1: The First World War 1914-1918 Unit: Essential Question To what extent was the war to make the world a safe for democracy a success failure? Also known as The War to end all Wars The Great War The
1 PRE-TEST Directions: Read the following statements and circle whether they are True or False. 1. After World War One, many countries had difficulty dealing with war debts, hunger, and unemployment. 2.
Canada and World War I Chapter 2 Notes for SS11 Students Mr. R. Smith WWI Begins The spark: Archduke Francis Ferdinand (Archduke of Austria) and his wife Sophie were shot in Bosnia on 28 June 1914 Bosnia
Chapter 6: The Revolutionary War The Final Steps Toward Independence A Review of the Intolerable Acts Britain tries to take rights away from colonists The Intolerable Acts mainly affected the Massachusetts
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.