Credit-by-Exam Review - US History A

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1 separation of powers checks and balances individual rights popular sovereignty federalism separation of powers Mayflower Compact Thomas Paine's Common Sense abolitionists What was the difference in the economy of the North and South? Dred Scott v. Sandford Anaconda Plan Manifest Destiny What did the Thirteenth Amendment do? During the Gilded Age, what was the relationship between the government and big business like? What were trusts? Social Darwinism Beliefs and leader of the Populists J.P. Morgan Andrew Carnegie Cornelius Vanderbilt J.D. Rockefeller Where did political machines get the votes that kept them in power during the Gilded Age? What technology did Henry Ford use to mass-produce automobiles? 1

2 What were conditions like for factory workers during the Gilded Age? What did the Pullman Strike, Haymarket Affair, and Homestead Strike have in common? What was the goal of Jane Addams and others in the settlement house movement? What is Ellis Island famous for in American history? What infrastructure was the focus during the Gilded Age? Why did businessmen favor few restrictions on immigration? How did the development of railroads affect the US population? How did Gilded Age business leaders increased their profits? Why was the Bessemer process so important? How did the US government encourage settlement in the West? Why did factory owners hire children? Effect of the difference between rich and poor during the Gilded Age? Chinese Exclusion Act Homestead Act laissez-faire 17th Amendment 18 th Amendment 19 th Amendment Goal of the NAACP Susan B. Anthony direct primary recall initiative referendum 2

3 Why did the US get involved in the Spanish-American War, acquire Hawaii, and propose the Open Door policy in China? Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt Corollary What arguments did Americans use in support of imperialism? How did the outcome of the Spanish-American War change U.S. foreign policy? What do the Big Stick Policy, Dollar Diplomacy and Moral Diplomacy all have in common? Why was the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine significant? yellow journalism It was important to complete the Panama Canal because American support for the rebels in Cuba was fueled by Why did the United States support Panama's rebellion against Colombia? intervention What did Social Darwinists say about competition between nations? Many wealthy American industrialists of the late 19th century used the theory of Social Darwinism to How did the US acquire Hawaii? Open Door Policy. Dollar Diplomacy Theodore Roosevelt William Randolph Hearst Alfred Thayer Mahan What led to WWI? (MANIA) What was the spark that began WWI? Who were the Allied Powers? Who were the Central Powers? 3

4 Why did the US remain neutral at the beginning of WWI? Why did the US enter WWI? What did the Zimmermann Telegram say? Why did trench warfare develop? What new technologies were used in WWI? How did the US build a large army to fight in the war? What power did the Sedition Act give the federal government during World War I? According to the Supreme Court (Schenck v. United States), Charles Schenck's conviction for promoting draft resistance was upheld as constitutional because Why did many Americans oppose U.S. membership in the League of Nations? What were the main suggestions in Wilson s Fourteen Points? Why did Wilson s Fourteen Points change some European borders? What happened to Germany s colonies at the end of the war? How did the Versailles Treaty change Europe? Reparations Isolationism According to President Wilson, how would the League of Nations maintain peace? Why did Russia stop fighting WWI in 1917? What did the US Congress decide about the Treaty of Versailles? How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to WWII? 4

5 Answer and label the following on the map: Where did the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand take place? Where was the Western Front? Label the Central Powers and the Allied Powers. Label the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington are best known for their contributions to which kind of music? Harlem Renaissance Why did thousands of African-Americans migrate to the North in the early 20 th century? What caused the economic boom of the 1920s? 5

6 What are the characteristics of a free enterprise system? How did installment buying contribute to a consumer culture in the 1920s? purpose of the Palmer Raids American Civil Liberties Union Anti-Defamation League League of Women Voters International Workers of the World The invention of the light bulb contributed to industrial growth in the United States by How did the introduction of the assembly line affect the US automobile industry in the early 20 th century? How did the automobile change population patterns in the US? How did the automobile industry helped stimulate the US economy in the 1920 s? What arguments were made in support of prohibition? Why did many people oppose prohibition? During the 1920 s, prohibition caused on increase in What was the purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact? Scopes Trial Who was involved (including attorneys) and what was the issue? What happened on Black Tuesday? Causes of the Great Depression The reason people overextended (stretched) their use of credit in the stock market during the late 1920s was What happened in the 1932 presidential election? What happened during the First Hundred Days? Who was the president of the USA at the start of the Great Depression? What caused the Dust Bowl? 6

7 Why did many US farmers from the Great Plains migrated to California in the 1930s? What pull factors drew Okies to California? President Franklin D. Roosevelt s New Deal was a program designed to: Works Progress Administration Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation How did the Agricultural Adjustment Administration try to help farmers? How did New Deal programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration provide relief to the needy? What was the objective of the Social Security Act? What were the effects of the New Deal? 7

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