To use the Muslim concept of Jihad to understand Muslim attitudes to war.

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1 To use the Muslim concept of Jihad to understand Muslim attitudes to war.

2 Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of greater and lesser JIHAD. Grade B Most will be able to explain why the concept of lesser JIHAD is often misunderstood. Grade A/A* Some will be able to evaluate the similarities and differences between lesser JIHAD and the Christian concept of a JUST WAR.

3 Watch the following clip carefully and complete the following Some Christians agree with going to war because Some Christians disagree with going to war because

4 What do you think the word STRUGGLE means? Struggle means to do something with difficulty in an attempt to reach a goal. Write a definition OR a list of words OR ideas to explain this word.

5 Watch the following clip carefully What does the term JIHAD mean? 2. There are TWO types of JIHAD what are they?

6 The Qur an teaches Muslims that in order to follow the will of Allah, people will face many struggles, both inside themselves and in the world.

7 A personal effort made by every Muslim to devote his or her life to carrying out Allah's will and fight against evil. There are TWO types of JIHAD 1. GREATER (inner) JIHAD struggle that Muslims face within themselves. 2. LESSER (Physical) JIHAD Struggle with the outside world

8 Greater Lesser JIHAD Set up your book in the following way Use the following slides to help you make notes

9 The struggle that Muslims face within themselves. This is the conflict of good and evil within ourselves. Use the following slides to help you work out what greater JIHAD involves.

10

11 I want a hat and scarf!

12

13 Visit mosque regular

14 Study Quran regular

15 Help the poor and needy

16 Be a good friend and neighbour

17 How is HAJJ a good example of GREATER JIHAD?

18 Use the following slides to help you work out why violence is sometimes permitted... The struggle that Muslims face with the world. This is physical struggle although Islam is a religion of peace the Qur an teaches that there are certain circumstances where the use of violence is permitted.

19 The Qur an teaches must fight if they are attacked.

20 Muhammad did it so its ok! Muhammad himself fought in wars and many of his teachings permit war.

21 Those who die in a holy war will go straight to heaven.

22 Which is more difficult to achieve, the GREATER or LESSER jihad? Why?

23 Grade C All will be able to describe the meaning of greater and lesser JIHAD.

24 Although jihad does not mean war, many Muslims believe that the fight against evil and the preservation of Islam may justify going into battle. This is then described as Harb-al-Muqadis, which is technically a Holy War.

25 The idea of Jihad is often misunderstood by non-muslims who then see Islam as being a violent religion, when the vast majority of Muslims are peaceful. This is mostly a stereotype fed by the media who misunderstand many aspects of Muslim life. Jihad is often linked to terrorists and terrorism as they misuse the concept of Jihad to justify their actions.

26 Watch the following clip carefully... Why is the concept of JIHAD often misunderstood by non-muslims?

27 Grade B Most will be able to explain why the concept of lesser JIHAD is often misunderstood.

28 When is WAR classed as JIHAD? Think about the SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES to the JUST WAR criteria. Use the following slides to not down when Muslims class war a JIHAD...

29 JUST CAUSE = Defence of Islam Selfdefence Fighting injustice

30 All other non-violent methods must have failed!

31 War must I say be authorised by YES! a Muslim Authority! This is called FATWA!

32 It must be fought with the MINIMUM amount of suffering and innocent civilians MUST NOT be killed.

33 It must END when the enemy surrenders.

34 It should aim to restore PEACE and FREEDOM

35 Compare the rules under which Muslims can fight a war with those of the JUST WAR THEROY in Christianity... How are the SIMILAR? Explain your response How are the DIFFERENT? Explain your response

36 Grade A/A* Some will be able to evaluate the similarities and differences between lesser JIHAD and the Christian concept of a JUST WAR.

37 Now we know what we do about GREATER and LESSER JIHAD we can make a decision over recent events and dismiss any misconceptions... We will look at 3 events that some have claimed to be examples JIHAD... Use what we have learnt in today's lesson to decide whether you think each of these to be an example of Jihad Explain your response to each example.

38

39

40

41 A growing number of Muslims (such as the Muslim Peace Fellowship) believe that war or armed forces is NEVER the right response. They believe this because... The word Islam is Arabic for PEACE PEACE is therefore at the heart of their faith. WMD and nuclear weapons cannot follow the rules of lesser Jihad as innocent people will always be killed. There are always other means to gain PEACE instead of war. Violence only leads to more violence it increases hatred.

42 One thing I have learnt today is... One thing that has surprised me this lesson is... One thing I would like to know more about is...

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