Class Notes: Plate Tectonics

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Class Notes: Plate Tectonics"

Transcription

1 Name: Date: Period: Tectonics The Physical Setting: Earth Science Class Notes: Tectonics I. Continental Drift Continental Drift -! Pangaea -! Alfred Wegener (1915) German and Proposed the theory of! Hypothesized a! Evidence of Continental Drift: Leigh-Manuell - "1

2 Class Notes: Tectonics II. Crustal Activity Tectonics -! -! Lithosphere -! Asthenosphere -! Earth s surface consists of a dozen major plates and some minor ones The plates are moving at rates close to cm/year Rift East African Arabian Mid-Indian Ridge Southwest Indian Ridge Eurasian Southeast Indian Ridge Philippine M a riana Trench Indian-Australian Tasman Aleutian Trench Fiji To nga Trenc h Juan de Fuca Hawaii Pacific San Andreas Fault Easter Island East Pacific Ridge North American Cocos Yellowstone Galapagos Nazca Caribbean Peru-Chile Trench Mid-Atlantic Ridge South American Scotia Canary Islands Mid-Atlantic Ridge Iceland Eurasian African St. Helena Antarctic Antarctic Sandwich Bouvet Leigh-Manuell - "2

3 Class Notes: Tectonics Convection Currents -! Magma heats up causing it to and Magma cools down causing it to and The plates are moving on top of the asthenosphere due to density differences The idea of continental drift had been around since the 1900 s, but lacked enough scientific evidence to support the theory New advancements after World War II help provide the evidences needed to validate the Theory of Tectonics Earthquake Evidence Scientists noticed that earthquakes do not occur at random locations, but throughout the world along When plotted on a map they outline the! (dots represent earthquake epicenter locations) Volcanic Evidence Occurs at plate boundaries where plates are interacting Ring of Fire -!! Leigh-Manuell - "3

4 Class Notes: Tectonics Rock Evidence Sedimentary deposits and igneous lava flows are usually placed down in horizontal layers Sometimes movement along boundaries causes these layers to! Mountain Evidence or As plates collide they sometimes are pushed!! Leigh-Manuell - "4

5 Class Notes: Tectonics III. Crustal Boundaries Tectonic plates are constantly moving and interacting As they move across the and form plate boundaries they interact in various ways Types of plate boundaries: Convergent Boundary -! Example: the India pushing upward into Eurasian and creating the Himalayan Mountains Subduction -! Example: the Nazca being consumed under the South American Three Types of Convergent Boundaries Leigh-Manuell - "5

6 Class Notes: Tectonics Divergent Boundary -! Example: part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge emerges from the ocean and splits Iceland in half Sea-Floor Spreading -! Mid-Ocean Ridge -! Mid-Atlantic Ridge -! Separates the N. and S. American s from the Eurasian and African s Rift Valley -! Divergent Boundary Evidence Scientists dragged a across the ocean floor and discovered a unique magnetic pattern where stripes of and polarity parallel the mid-ocean ridge flipping every 200,000 to 300,000 years (the last one was 781,000 years ago). Rock samples of the deep ocean floor show that basaltic oceanic crust becomes progressively as you approach the mid-ocean ridge Leigh-Manuell - "6

7 Class Notes: Tectonics Transform Boundary -! Example: the San Andreas Fault is 800 km long and runs throughout California Tectonic s Rift East African Arabian Mid-Indian Ridge Southwest Indian Ridge Eurasian Southeast Indian Ridge Philippine M a riana Trench Indian-Australian Tasman Aleutian Trench Fiji To nga Trenc h Juan de Fuca Hawaii Pacific San Andreas Fault Easter Island East Pacific Ridge North American Cocos Yellowstone Galapagos Nazca Caribbean Peru-Chile Trench Mid-Atlantic Ridge South American Scotia Canary Islands Mid-Atlantic Ridge Iceland Eurasian African St. Helena Antarctic Antarctic Sandwich Bouvet Key overriding plate Relative motion at plate boundary Transform plate boundary (transform fault) Divergent plate boundary (usually broken by transform faults along mid-ocean ridges) subducting plate Convergent plate boundary (subduction zone) Complex or uncertain plate boundary Mantle hot spot Leigh-Manuell - "7

8 Class Notes: Tectonics IV. Earth s Interior Earth s interior structures are known through the study of! Seismic waves refract,, and are absorbed depending on the material they are transmitted through Lithosphere -! Continental Crust -!! Oceanic Crust -!! MOHO - thin interface separating the lithosphere from the asthenosphere Asthenosphere -! Discovery: a decrease in velocity from earthquake waves Mantle -! Outer Core -! Discovery: absorption and refraction of earthquake waves Inner Core -! Discovery: an increase in velocity from earthquake waves Leigh-Manuell - "8

9 Class Notes: Tectonics PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH AMERICA CASCADES TRENCH CRUST RIGID MANTLE } LITHOSPHERE ATLANTIC OCEAN ASTHENOSPHERE (PLASTIC MANTLE) STIFFER MANTLE MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE OUTER CORE (IRON & NICKEL) INNER CORE (IRON & NICKEL) DENSITY (g/cm 3 ) 2.7 granitic continental crust 3.0 basaltic oceanic crust MOHO V. Earthquakes Earthquake -! Most earthquakes are caused by a movement along a fault where! energy is given off as a seismic wave Epicenter -! Focus -! Seismometer -! Seismogram -! Leigh-Manuell - "9

10 Class Notes: Tectonics Mercalli Scale - scale that measures the of an earthquake based on the effects to Earth s surface, humans, objects in nature, and other man-made structures The values will differ based on the distance from the epicenter!! Intensity I II III Type of Damage Instrumental Feeble Slight IV V Rather Strong VI VII Very Strong VIII IX X XI Ruinous Disastrous Very Disastrous XII Richter Scale - logarithmic scale that measures the released during an earthquake Magnitude - a number to quantify the amount of released from an earthquake The Richter Scale s magnitude is determined from the following measurements:!!! Leigh-Manuell - "10

11 Class Notes: Tectonics Primary Wave (P-wave) Travel through,, and Compressional -! Compressional Wave (P-wave) Secondary Wave (S-wave) Travel through only Shear -! Shear Wave (S-wave) Seismic waves radiate away from the focus Leigh-Manuell - "11

12 Class Notes: Tectonics Shadow Zone -! P-waves are when they reach the liquid outer core S-waves are when they reach the outer core and are not transmitted through to the other side P-wave Shadow Zone S-wave Shadow Zone Epicenters are located using the velocity differences between the p-wave and s-wave Since the p-waves travel then s-waves, as your distance from the earthquake's epicenter the arrival time between the two waves will be Leigh-Manuell - "12

13 Class Notes: Tectonics Distance to the epicenter is determined by comparing the arrival times and the E.S.R.T. TRAVEL TIME (min) S P EPICENTER DISTANCE ( 10 3 km) 9 10 To find the epicenter location you need to triangulate a position using different seismometer stations Leigh-Manuell - "13

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which

More information

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

More information

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates.

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. Notes on Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. These plates move around the mantle. Plates are composed of the crust and

More information

Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II

Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II 4. Which of the following statements about paleomagnetism at spreading ridges is FALSE? A. there is a clear pattern of paleomagnetic

More information

Transform Boundaries

Transform Boundaries Lecture 7 Plates and Mantle Plumes Transform Boundaries Transform boundaries occur where one segment of rigid lithosphere slides horizontally past another in response to stresses in the lithosphere. The

More information

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

More information

Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007

Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007 Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007 1. Please fill in the missing labels. 2. Please fill in the missing labels. 3. How many large plates form the outer shell of the earth?

More information

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67)

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) 4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) Seafloor Spreading In the early 1960s, samples of basaltic ocean crust were dredged up from various locations across the ocean basins. The samples were then analyzed to

More information

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT The Dynamic Crust 1) Virtually everything you need to know about the interior of the earth can be found on page 10 of your reference tables. Take the time to become familiar with page 10 and everything

More information

Interactive Plate Tectonics

Interactive Plate Tectonics Interactive Plate Tectonics Directions: Go to the following website and complete the questions below. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/index.html How do scientists learn about the interior

More information

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

More information

Chapter 2. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics: Learning Goals

Chapter 2. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics: Learning Goals Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Interactions at depend on the direction of relative plate motion and the type of crust. Which kind of plate boundary is associated with Earthquake activity? A. Divergent Boundary

More information

Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics. The unifying concept of the Earth sciences.

Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics. The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas Our understanding of Earth is continuously refined. Earth s systems are dynamic; they continually react to changing influences from geological, hydrological, physical, chemical,

More information

Plate Tectonics. Introduction. Boundaries between crustal plates

Plate Tectonics. Introduction. Boundaries between crustal plates Plate Tectonics KEY WORDS: continental drift, seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, mid ocean ridge (MOR) system, spreading center, rise, divergent plate boundary, subduction zone, convergent plate boundary,

More information

Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Continental Drift

Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Continental Drift Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. The outer portion of the Earth is made up of about 20 distinct plates (~ 100 km thick), which move relative to each other This motion is what

More information

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

More information

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a

More information

Rocks and Plate Tectonics

Rocks and Plate Tectonics Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or

More information

Tectonic plates have different boundaries.

Tectonic plates have different boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates move apart. BEFORE, you learned The continents join and break apart The sea floor provides evidence that tectonic plates move The theory of plate tectonics helps explain how the plates

More information

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries.

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates converge or scrape past each other. BEFORE, you learned Plates move apart at divergent boundaries In the oceans, divergent boundaries mark where the sea floor spreads apart On land,

More information

Plate Tectonics. Learning Guide. Pacific Plate. Pacific Ocean. Divergent boundaries

Plate Tectonics. Learning Guide. Pacific Plate. Pacific Ocean. Divergent boundaries Plate Tectonics Learning Guide North American Plate Eurasian Plate Arabian Plate Pacific Plate Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Cocos Plate Nazca Plate South American Plate African Plate Convergent boundary

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT Tectonics Assessment / 1 TECTONICS ASSESSMENT 1. Movement along plate boundaries produces A. tides. B. fronts. C. hurricanes. D. earthquakes. 2. Which of the following is TRUE about the movement of continents?

More information

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting

More information

Name: Period: # Plate Tectonics. Journey to the center of the Earth

Name: Period: # Plate Tectonics. Journey to the center of the Earth Plate Tectonics Journey to the center of the Earth Use pages 124 129 to answer the following questions. Exploring Inside Earth (p. 125-126) 1. What are the two main types of evidence that Geologist use

More information

1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers.

1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers. 1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers. Which statement about the deposition of the sediments best explains why these layers have the curved shape shown? 1) Sediments were

More information

Study Guide Questions Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics

Study Guide Questions Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics Study Guide Questions Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics What evidence did Alfred Wegener present in 1912 to support the idea of continental drift? Why did most geologists at the time dismiss Wegener

More information

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

More information

Seismic Waves Practice

Seismic Waves Practice 1. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below, which shows models of two types of earthquake waves. Model A best represents the motion of earthquake waves called 1) P-waves (compressional

More information

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Part I: Earth s Structure. Use the following link to find these answers: http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/structure.html 1. Label the layers of Earth in the diagram

More information

Continental Drift. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on:

Continental Drift. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on: Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift Continental Drift Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on: Similarities in shorelines

More information

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013)

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) 1. Interior of the Earth Learning objectives: Understand the structure of the Earth s interior crust,

More information

Plate Tectonics Lab. Continental Drift. The Birth of Plate Tectonics

Plate Tectonics Lab. Continental Drift. The Birth of Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics Lab Continental Drift Take a look at a globe sometime and observe the remarkable fit between South America and Africa. Could they have, in fact, been connected? During the 19th and early

More information

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Does not include complete lecture notes. Continental drift: An idea before its time Alfred Wegener First proposed his continental drift hypothesis in 1915 Published The Origin

More information

1 Exploring Earth s Interior

1 Exploring Earth s Interior 1 Exploring Earth s Interior Crust Mantle Outer Core Crust-to-Mantle Inner Core Cross Section From Surface to Center SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Earth Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2 Evidence for Continental

More information

Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve?

Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve? Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve? 1. Look at a globe or a map of the Earth. Name the continents. (7 points) 2. How many continents are there? (3 points) 3. On a sheet of

More information

How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form?

How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form? 298 10.14 INVESTIGATION How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form? The terrain below contains various features on the seafloor, as well as parts of three continents. Some general observations

More information

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide

Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The existence of coal beds in Antarctica

More information

Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].]

Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].] Name Score /225 Changing Earth Chapter 1 Worksheet Before reading Chapter 1 (pages 9 37). On a separate sheet of paper, make two columns. Title the first column Before I Read. Title the second column After

More information

FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIFTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the rocks produced by volcanoes. LAB: Comparing igneous rocks.

More information

Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics Page 1 of 13 EENS 1110 Tulane University Physical Geology Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics This page last updated on 26-Aug-2015 Plate Tectonics is a theory

More information

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I.

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I. PLATE TECTONICS ACTIVITY The purpose of this lab is to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and the formation of mountains. Students will discuss the properties of the earth s crust and plate tectonics.

More information

Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel

Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel Jordan, Deborah and Spiegel, Samuel: Learning Research Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries.

More information

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents aftershock: an earthquake that follows a larger earthquake or main shock and originates in or near the rupture zone of the larger earthquake. Generally, major earthquakes are followed by a number of aftershocks

More information

Hot Spots & Plate Tectonics

Hot Spots & Plate Tectonics Hot Spots & Plate Tectonics Activity I: Hawaiian Islands Procedures: Use the map and the following information to determine the rate of motion of the Pacific Plate over the Hawaiian hot spot. The volcano

More information

Plate Tectonics. Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics. Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2 1 Plate Tectonics Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Plate Tectonics: summary in haiku form Alfred Wegener gave us Continental Drift. Fifty years later... Continental Drift

More information

Plate Tectonics. Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics. And I am Buddy Zed s mascot

Plate Tectonics. Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics. And I am Buddy Zed s mascot Plate Tectonics Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics And I am Buddy Zed s mascot Continental Drift Alfred Wegener proposed that continents were not always where

More information

There are numerous seams on the surface of the Earth

There are numerous seams on the surface of the Earth Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift There are numerous seams on the surface of the Earth Questions and Topics 1. What are the theories of Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift? 2. What is the evidence

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Chapter 6 Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

Chapter 6 Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes Chapter 6 Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes Day Activity Homework 1 Notes I, II Gondwanaland Take-Home Continental Drift* 2 Notes III- V B Edible Tectonics* 3 Notes V C- VI Article- One Boy s Experience

More information

The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties.

The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties. Plate Tectonics Lecture Notes: Slide 1. Title Slide Slide 2. The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties. The Earth has an outer silica-rich, solid crust,

More information

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials 11A Plate Tectonics What is plate tectonics? Earth s crust plus the upper mantle forms the lithosphere. Earth s lithosphere is broken in a number of different pieces. How these pieces move and interact

More information

Earth Egg Model Teacher Notes

Earth Egg Model Teacher Notes Ancient Greeks tried to explain earthquakes and volcanic activity by saying that a massive bull lay underground and the land shook when it became angry. Modern theories rely on an understanding of what

More information

Layers of the Earth s Interior

Layers of the Earth s Interior Layers of the Earth s Interior 1 Focus Question How is the Earth like an ogre? 2 Objectives Explain how geologists have learned about the interior of the Earth. Describe the layers of the Earth s interior.

More information

Plate Tectonics PuzzleMap User Guide

Plate Tectonics PuzzleMap User Guide About this Product: Plate tectonics is a key standards-based topic taught in earth science classrooms throughout the United States. The purpose of this map is to help educators (teachers, museum tour guides,

More information

FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST:

More information

Continents join together and split apart.

Continents join together and split apart. KEY CONCEPT Continents change position over time. BEFORE, you learned Earth s main layers are the core, the mantle, and the crust The lithosphere and asthenosphere are the topmost layers of Earth The lithosphere

More information

Assignment #3: Plate Tectonics

Assignment #3: Plate Tectonics Assignment #3: Plate Tectonics Overview: In this assignment we will examine the ideas of continental drift and of sea-floor spreading that lead to the Theory of Plate Tectonics. This assignment is in two

More information

Alfred Wegener s Theory of Continental Drift Became Modern Plate Tectonics. Wegener in Greenland about 1912. He froze to death there in 1930.

Alfred Wegener s Theory of Continental Drift Became Modern Plate Tectonics. Wegener in Greenland about 1912. He froze to death there in 1930. Alfred Wegener s Theory of Continental Drift Became Modern Plate Tectonics Wegener in Greenland about 1912. He froze to death there in 1930. Science is self correcting. The Scientific Method The history

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 6 Measuring Earthquake Waves. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 6 Measuring Earthquake Waves. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Shake, Rattle, and Roll What happens during an earthquake? As plates of the lithosphere move, the stress on rocks at or near the edges of the plates increases. This stress causes faults to form. A fault

More information

EARTHQUAKES. Compressional Tensional Slip-strike

EARTHQUAKES. Compressional Tensional Slip-strike Earthquakes-page 1 EARTHQUAKES Earthquakes occur along faults, planes of weakness in the crustal rocks. Although earthquakes can occur anywhere, they are most likely along crustal plate boundaries, such

More information

[Geology Layers of the Earth] [Basic: Grade 2-3] [Advanced: Grade 5: Introduction to Plate Tectonics}

[Geology Layers of the Earth] [Basic: Grade 2-3] [Advanced: Grade 5: Introduction to Plate Tectonics} [Geology Layers of the Earth] [Basic: Grade 2-3] [Advanced: Grade 5: Introduction to Plate Tectonics} BACKGROUND Scientists and geologists have been able to do some drilling on Earth. They are also able

More information

Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers

Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers Vocabulary This lesson uses the following geographical terms. These should be used and explained to pupils as the lesson is taught. Core, mantle,

More information

PLATE TECTONICS EXERCISE (Modified from North Seattle Community College online exercise)

PLATE TECTONICS EXERCISE (Modified from North Seattle Community College online exercise) PLATE TECTONICS EXERCISE (Modified from North Seattle Community College online exercise) Introduction: As discussed in our textbook, the speed at which tectonic plates move has been calculated in several

More information

Chapter 16: Plate Tectonics

Chapter 16: Plate Tectonics Chapter 16: Plate Tectonics Chapter Summary In the early 1900s Alfred Wegener set forth the continental drift hypothesis. One of its major tenets was that a supercontinent called Pangaea began breaking

More information

Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones

Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones Goals of this exercise: 1. review the major physiographic features of the ocean basins 2. investigate the creation of oceanic crust at mid-ocean

More information

Earthquakes. Earthquakes: Big Ideas. Earthquakes

Earthquakes. Earthquakes: Big Ideas. Earthquakes Earthquakes Earthquakes: Big Ideas Humans cannot eliminate natural hazards but can engage in activities that reduce their impacts by identifying high-risk locations, improving construction methods, and

More information

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Essential Questions What evidence can students observe that the Earth is changing? How do scientists know what s inside the Earth? What processes

More information

Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics

Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics Laurel Goodell, Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 laurel@princeton.edu Inspired by, and borrows from, the GIS-based Exploring

More information

Step 2: Learn where the nearest divergent boundaries are located.

Step 2: Learn where the nearest divergent boundaries are located. What happens when plates diverge? Plates spread apart, or diverge, from each other at divergent boundaries. At these boundaries new ocean crust is added to the Earth s surface and ocean basins are created.

More information

Earth Science Chapter 14 Section 2 Review

Earth Science Chapter 14 Section 2 Review Name: Class: Date: Earth Science Chapter 14 Section Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three

More information

Name Date Class. By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter.

Name Date Class. By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter. CHAPTER 7 VOCABULARY & NOTES WORKSHEET Earthquakes By studying the Vocabulary and Notes listed for each section below, you can gain a better understanding of this chapter. SECTION 1 Vocabulary In your

More information

Exploring Plate Tectonics

Exploring Plate Tectonics Unit 2 Exploring Plate Tectonics In this unit, you will Calculate the rate of spreading of the Atlantic Ocean. Investigate whether plate spreading rates change with time or vary across the globe. Predict

More information

Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02

Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02 Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02 This unit plan is intended to cover about seven weeks and would be appropriate for a middle school general science class or an introductory

More information

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008)

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008) EAS 100 Study Guide to Textbook Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 5 th edition, 2008) STUDY GUIDE 1/08 The textbook for EAS 100, Foundations of Earth Science, by Lutgens and Tarbuck is

More information

Chapter Overview. Bathymetry. Measuring Bathymetry. Echo Sounding Record. Measuring Bathymetry. CHAPTER 3 Marine Provinces

Chapter Overview. Bathymetry. Measuring Bathymetry. Echo Sounding Record. Measuring Bathymetry. CHAPTER 3 Marine Provinces Chapter Overview CHAPTER 3 Marine Provinces The study of bathymetry charts ocean depths and ocean floor topography. Echo sounding and satellites are efficient bathymetric tools. Most ocean floor features

More information

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology Earthquake Risk Reduction Presentations Session 1 Slide 1 Earthquake Risk Reduction 1- Concepts & Terminology Welcome to the World Bank Institute s (WBI) Distance Learning (DL) course on Earthquake Risk

More information

Exploring Plate Tectonics

Exploring Plate Tectonics Unit 2 Exploring Plate Tectonics In this unit, you will Calculate the rate of spreading of the Atlantic Ocean. Investigate whether plate spreading rates change with time or vary across the globe. Predict

More information

Chapter 7 Earthquake Hazards Practice Exam and Study Guide

Chapter 7 Earthquake Hazards Practice Exam and Study Guide Chapter 7 Earthquake Hazards Practice Exam and Study Guide 1. Select from the following list, all of the factors that affect the intensity of ground shaking. a. The magnitude of the earthquake b. Rather

More information

Unit: Restless Earth Lesson: Earth s Interior

Unit: Restless Earth Lesson: Earth s Interior Melissa Duran, Hoover Middle School, San Jose, CA 1/9/03 Bay Area Science Museum Collaboratory Project Unit: Restless Earth Lesson: Earth s Interior Introduction Standards: 1.b, 7.e Objectives Students

More information

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011)

Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011) EAS 100 Study Guide to Textbook Foundations of Earth Science (Lutgens and Tarbuck, 6 th edition, 2011) STUDY GUIDE 8/2010 The textbook for EAS 100, Foundations of Earth Science, by Lutgens and Tarbuck

More information

LAB 2 SUPPLEMENT: THE JULES VERNE VOYAGER, JR.

LAB 2 SUPPLEMENT: THE JULES VERNE VOYAGER, JR. LAB 2 SUPPLEMENT: THE JULES VERNE VOYAGER, JR. For this section of the lab we will be using a very cool web-based map tool that provides access to an amazing suite of state-of-the-art scientific observations

More information

Plate Tectonics Lab Assignment

Plate Tectonics Lab Assignment Plate Tectonics Lab Assignment After reading the introduction to the Plate Tectonics exercises in the lab manual, complete the questions on a hard copy of this Lab Assignment. When finished, transfer your

More information

CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS

CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the four stages in the development of a terrestrial planet? 2. That Earth, evidence that Earth differentiated.

More information

Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I

Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I Standards Addressed Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I Overview Lesson 13 introduces students to geological oceanography by presenting the basic structure of the Earth and the properties of Earth s primary layers.

More information

FOURTH GRADE EARTHQUAKES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE EARTHQUAKES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE EARTHQUAKES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. DURING: Modeling three types

More information

A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Plate Tectonics Cylinder

A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Plate Tectonics Cylinder A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Plate Tectonics Cylinder Including: The Changing Earth by Gerald L. Mallon, Ed.D. v. 616-2008 by Science First /STARLAB, 86475 Gene Lasserre Blvd., Yulee, FL.

More information

KINDERGARTEN PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning that all mountains are not volcanoes. LAB: Investigating rocks

More information

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 TEACHING LEARNING COLLABORATIVE (TLC) EARTH SCIENCE Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 Created by: Debra McKey (Mountain Vista Middle School); Valerie Duncan (Upper Lake Middle School); and Lynn Chick (Coyote Valley

More information

DISTRIBUTION OF OCEANS

DISTRIBUTION OF OCEANS CHAPTER DISTRIBUTION OF OCEANS AND CONTINENTS In the previous chapter, you have studied the interior of the earth. You are already familiar with the world map. You know that continents cover 29 per cent

More information

GENERAL SCIENCE LABORATORY 1110L Lab Experiment 9B: Tracking the Hawaiian Islands: How Fast Does the Pacific Plate Move?

GENERAL SCIENCE LABORATORY 1110L Lab Experiment 9B: Tracking the Hawaiian Islands: How Fast Does the Pacific Plate Move? GENERAL SCIENCE LABORATORY 1110L Lab Experiment 9B: Tracking the Hawaiian Islands: How Fast Does the Pacific Plate Move? Background You know that the Earth s crustal plates are always moving, but how fast?

More information

Earthquake Hazards and Risks

Earthquake Hazards and Risks Page 1 of 7 EENS 3050 Tulane University Natural Disasters Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Earthquake Hazards and Risks This page last updated on 28-Aug-2013 Earthquake Risk Many seismologists have said that "earthquakes

More information

Earth Science Module 21. Plate Tectonics: The Earth in Motion. Plate Tectonics Module Study Notes and Outline. Creationist Model

Earth Science Module 21. Plate Tectonics: The Earth in Motion. Plate Tectonics Module Study Notes and Outline. Creationist Model Earth Science Module 21 Plate Tectonics: The Earth in Motion Plate Tectonics Module Study Notes and Outline Creationist Model I. Scientists shift their paradigm A. When the data supporting plate tectonics

More information

Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics

Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics Section 1 Continental Drift Key Concepts What is the hypothesis of continental drift? What evidence supported continental drift? Vocabulary continental drift Pangaea An Idea Before

More information

Students explore the mechanism behind plate motion as they investigate convection currents. KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS

Students explore the mechanism behind plate motion as they investigate convection currents. KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS Convection Currents 40- to 1 50-minute session ACTIVITY OVERVIEW 46 L A B O R AT O R Y Students explore the mechanism behind plate motion as they investigate convection currents. KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS

More information

PLATE TECTONICS. Teacher Guide including Lesson Plans, Student Readers, and More Information

PLATE TECTONICS. Teacher Guide including Lesson Plans, Student Readers, and More Information PLATE TECTONICS Teacher Guide including Lesson Plans, Student Readers, and More Information Lesson 1 - Evidence of Plate Tectonics Lesson 2 - Plotting Earthquakes and Volcanoes Lesson 3 - Case History

More information

What do you imagine about the nature

What do you imagine about the nature CHAPTER INTERIOR OF THE EARTH What do you imagine about the nature of the earth? Do you imagine it to be a solid ball like cricket ball or a hollow ball with a thick cover of rocks i.e. lithosphere? Have

More information

Magnitude 7.2 GUERRERO, MEXICO

Magnitude 7.2 GUERRERO, MEXICO A powerful magnitude-7.2 earthquake shook central and southern Mexico on Friday. The earthquake occurred at a depth of 24 km (15 miles). Its epicenter was in the western state of Guerrero, near the seaside

More information

Chapter 5: Earthquakes

Chapter 5: Earthquakes Chapter 5: Earthquakes 1. Experiencing an Earthquake firsthand 2. The Science of Ghost Forests and Megaearthquakes 3. Faults, Earthquakes, and Plate Tectonics 4. Seismic Waves and Earthquake Detection

More information