Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes"

Transcription

1 Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

2 Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Essential Questions What evidence can students observe that the Earth is changing? How do scientists know what s inside the Earth? What processes change rocks from one type to another? How does plate movement affect changes on the Earth s surface?

3 Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Sunshine State Standards SC.6.E.6.1 Describe and give examples of ways in which Earth's surface is built up and torn down by physical and chemical weathering, erosion, and deposition. SC.6.E.6.2 Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms on Earth's surface such as coastlines, dunes, rivers, mountains, glaciers, deltas, and lakes and relate these landforms as they apply to Florida. SC.7.E.6.1 Describe the layers of the solid Earth, including the lithosphere, the hot convecting mantle, and the dense metallic liquid and solid cores. SC.7.E.6.2 Identify the patterns within the rock cycle and relate them to surface events (weathering and erosion) and subsurface events (plate tectonics and mountain building. SC.7.E.6.5 Explore the scientific theory of plate tectonics by describing how the movement of Earth's crustal plates causes both slow and rapid changes in Earth's surface, including volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and mountain building. SC.7.E.6.7 Recognize that heat flow and movement of material within Earth causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, and creates mountains and ocean basins.

4 Words to Know Batholith Caldera Cinder Cone Volcano Composite Volcano Crater Earthquakes Epicenter Fissures Focus Lava Scale Magma Mercalli Intensity Mid Atlantic Ridge Pipe Richter Scale Ring of Fire Seismic Waves Seismograph L Waves P Waves S Waves Tsunami Volcano Cinder Cone Composite Shield Vent Volcanic Neck

5 Discussion Questions Analyze this bar graph- this graph compares deaths from EARTHQUAKES per time period

6 How are Richter Scales and Mercalli Intensity Scale connected? How are they not connected? What is one of the first signs of a tsunami? List two safety measures that governments have implement to improve safety with regards to tsunamis.

7 Earthquakes 1. What are earthquakes? 1. Earthquakes are movement of earth s crust caused by plates shifting and releasing stored energy Rocks on either side of a fault snag and build up pressure When the rocks break... shake, rattle and roll!

8 Earthquakes 2. What are seismic waves? 2. Seismic waves are shock waves in the earth caused by an earthquake.

9 Earthquakes 3. What are P waves? 3. P waves are primary waves. They are fast and longitudinal ( push and pull forces) P waves are the to 'arrive' at a seismic station. The P wave can move through solid rock and fluids, like water or the liquid layers of the earth. It pushes and pulls the rock it moves through just like sound waves push and pull the air.

10 Earthquakes 4. What are S waves? 4. S waves are secondary or shear waves. They are Link: slower. S waves are transverse- move from side to side. S waves move rock particles up and down, or side-to-side perpendicular to the Direction of the wave.

11 Earthquakes 5. What are L waves? 5. L waves are love waves Named after a British scientist who calculated a mathematical model for a wave. L Waves are the fastest waves and move from ground to side to side. In other words, they are P or S waves that hit the surface.

12 6. What is the focus of an earthquake? Earthquakes 6. The focus is where rocks first break and move. 7. What is the epicenter? 7. The Epicenter is the point on earth s surface directly above the focus.

13

14 8. What is a seismograph? Earthquakes 8. A seismograph is an instrument used to record seismic waves.

15 9. What is the Richter Scale? Earthquake Scales 9. A Richter Scale measures the total energy released by an earthquake b) +1 means x32

16

17 Earthquake Scales 10. What is the Mercalli Intensity Scale? 10. The Mercalli Intensity Scale is a scale that measures the intensity of an earthquake. The scale quantifies the effects of an earthquake on the Earth's surface, humans, objects of nature, and man-made structures on a scale of I through XII, with I denoting a weak earthquake and XII one that causes almost complete destruction.

18

19

20 Locating Earthquakes

21 11. Where are the 3 major earthquake zones? Earthquake Zones 11. Ring of Fire- is located around the edge of the Pacific Ocean. Mid-Atlantic Ridge- this zone is caused by sea floor spreading The Mediterranean Asiatic Belt- occurs because continental plates are colliding.

22

23

24

25 13. Describe landscape evidence of earthquakes. Earthquake Evidence 13. There are 5 descriptions: Slide rapid down slope movement of soil, debris, & rock Scarp cliff made by uplifted or subsided earth

26 12. Describe ground level earthquake evidence Earthquake Evidence 12. Ground level earthquake evidence is side to side or up and down shifts of the ground. The earth has moved mostly slow and steady and is called creep

27 1. What is a volcano? Volcanoes 1. A volcano is any opening in the earth s crust that release molten rock.

28 2. What is a vent? Volcanoes 2. An opening through which material reaches the surface 3. What is a crater? 3. A crater is a hollowed out area in the top of a volcano

29 Earthquake Evidence Fissures long cracks in soil or rock Tsunami an ocean wave caused by earthquakes a) can be 30m high at the shore Buildings on loose soil have more damage.

30 4. What is the pipe? Volcanoes 4. The pipe is a long crack through which magma moves 5. What is the magma chamber? 5. A chamber with a pocket of magma.

31 Label the parts Volcanoes

32 6. What is an active volcano? 7. What is a dormant volcano? Volcanoes 6. An active volcano has erupted during the last century. 7. A dormant volcano has not erupted for hundreds of years, but it believed that it has the ability to erupt.

33 8. What is an extinct volcano? Volcanoes 8. A volcano is considered extinct if it has not erupted for thousands of years.

34 9. List the sequence of events when a volcano erupts? Volcanoes 9. Lava flows out usually gently and quietly 2) Then an explosion of debris occurs. The following are products of a volcano pyroclasts fragments of broken rock from a volcano ash hot fine-grained material bombs large molten or semi molten chunks

35 10. What are cinder cone volcanoes? Volcanoes 10. A cinder cone formed from ash and cinders in explosive eruptions. Cinder cones volcanoes are smaller, coned shaped, and steep slopes. Example: Paricutín, Mexico

36 11. What are shield volcanoes? Volcanoes 11. Shield volcanoes are from from lava flow eruptions. They have broad with gentle slopes. An example is Mauna Loa, Hawaii

37 Volcanoes 12. What are composite volcanoes? 12. Composite volcanoes are formed from alternating layers of lava and pyroclasts. Characteristics include: They are explosive and have lava eruptions They are large with steep slopes Examples: Mt. Fuji, Japan & Mt. St. Helens, Washington

38 13. Case study: Pompeii CE Site was not discovered until 1748 Provided archeologists extraordinary details about daily life in Roman Empire Some believe that volcano took 2 months to completely bury the town as people were found wearing winter clothing in the summer, dates of minted coins and letters Populist tourist site in S. Italy

39 Case study: Mt. St. Helen 14. Erupted 05/18/1980. Caused by an earthquake on 03/20/1980. Most deadliest and costly volcano in US history. Glacier mountain Due to the eruption, at the top of the mountain is a 1 mile long horseshoe crater. Volcano steamed until January 2008

40 Igneous Rock Features Why study? Many features formed underground by igneous activity are at the earth s surface due to erosion.

41 Igneous Rock Features 15. List intrusive igneous rock formations 15. Batholiths, sills, dikes, and volcanic necks.

42 Igneous Rock Features 16. What are batholiths? 16. Large intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground.

43 Igneous Rock Features 17. What is a dike? 17.Magma that is forced into a crack that cuts across layers and hardens. 18. What is a volcanic neck? 18. Solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded.

44 19. What is a caldera? Igneous Rock Features 19. Large, circularshaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses. Crater Lake is an example

45 Links: 1. www. Brainpop.com Login ID: alachuacounty_26 Password: brainpop Access: M-F ( 7:30 am- 5:30 pm) 2. Discovery Education- **login IDs and passwords given out in class. Science Middle School Earth and Space Science Earth s Changing Interior Earthquakes and Volcanoes 3. U.S. Geological Survey: 4. How Stuff Works: How earthquakes work: How tsunamis work: Mt. Saint Helens Erupts 5. Seismic Waves: 6. Michigan Tech- Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences: 7. University of Liverpool: Seismic Waves: 8. Oregon State University- Volcano Table: 9. Annenberg Learner- Volcanoes: Smithsonian Institution-Volcanoes of the World: Discovery Channel- Volcano Explorer:

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes Volcanoes and Earthquakes Part 1: Volcanoes Introduction Earth s crust is made of cool, solid rock. Yet, most of Earth is made of extremely hot rock in the mantle and liquid metal in the core. Sometimes,

More information

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 1 Earth Science Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 2 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Volcano - a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface. Ring of Fire - Major Volcanic Belt

More information

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY?

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? Name: Class: Date: What is a Volcano? WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material, called magma, erupts to the surface. Magma is a mixture of rock-forming

More information

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition.

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition. Earth s Structure and Processes 8-3 The student will demonstrate an understanding of materials that determine the structure of Earth and the processes that have altered this structure. 8-3.1 Summarize

More information

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Teacher Workbooks Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Copyright 2005 Teachnology Publishing Company A Division of Teachnology, Inc. For additional information, visit

More information

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet The Earth Inside and Out pp.27 47 Bodies of Water and Land Forms pp. 32-36 Internal Forces Shaping the Earth pp.37-41 External Forces Shaping the Earth pp. 42-45 1.

More information

What causes Earth s surface to change?

What causes Earth s surface to change? Lesson 1 Earth s Landforms Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics Lesson 3 Volcanoes Lesson 4 Earthquakes What causes Earth s surface to change? Lesson 5 Shaping Earth s Surface landform relief map topographical map

More information

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Sea Floor Spreading Where is it located? How does it form? How does it change the Earth s surface? Earthquakes Where are earthquakes located? Most earthquakes happen around

More information

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions.

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions. Volcanoes Table of Contents Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions Earth Biography: Volcanos http://www.youtube.com/user/skylif3#p/u

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS

Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS Volcanoes Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS I. Volcanoes release magma A. Molten rock is less dense than solid rock so it rises through fractures Shield Volcano B. Speed of magma

More information

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS Objectives Identify several different categories of volcanic eruptions. Identify the volcanic hazards. Describe how temperature, pressure, and water content affect a rock s

More information

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Key Concept Tectonic plate motions can result in volcanic activity at plate boundaries. What You Will Learn Nonexplosive eruptions of basaltic magma occur at divergent boundaries.

More information

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust CHAPTER 4 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What happens when rock is placed under stress?

More information

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics 12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics Earth is over 1200 km thick and has four distinct layers. These layers are the crust, mantle (upper and lower), outer core, and inner core. Crust outer solid rock layer

More information

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Once, the power of volcanoes was thought to be the work

More information

stress the amount of force per unit area that acts on a rock strain any change in a rock's shape or volume caused by stress Faults

stress the amount of force per unit area that acts on a rock strain any change in a rock's shape or volume caused by stress Faults ----------------------------- -------- ------- Section 1 Review! deformation the bending, tilting, and breaking of Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress: fault a break in

More information

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The shape of Earth most closely resembles

More information

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT

TECTONICS ASSESSMENT Tectonics Assessment / 1 TECTONICS ASSESSMENT 1. Movement along plate boundaries produces A. tides. B. fronts. C. hurricanes. D. earthquakes. 2. Which of the following is TRUE about the movement of continents?

More information

Plate Tectonics. A Continental Puzzle. Drifting Continents

Plate Tectonics. A Continental Puzzle. Drifting Continents Plate Tectonics A Continental Puzzle Drifting Continents In 1910, a meteorologist from Germany named Alfred Wegener (Vay-guh-ner) developed a theory based on many observations. Even though meteorologists

More information

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting 3 different

More information

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page.

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. Volcanoes These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not

More information

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: 3 class periods Program Description Just beneath Earth s crust lies a ball of molten rock, kept semi-liquid thanks to heat

More information

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types of

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle.

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Exam Review Part 1 Convection -A form of heat transfer. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. - Source of heat is from the

More information

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure:

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: a. According to the sketch above give the name of each of the layers, which we have described. 1. The Crust 2. The mantle 3. The outer core

More information

Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet

Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet 1. List and describe the components of the 4 spheres of the Earth. a. Geosphere; rock and soil b. Atmosphere; air c. Hydrosphere; water d. Biosphere; area where

More information

Volcano Vocabulary ROCK CYCLE. Igneous REMELTED REMELTED BURIED BURIED HEAT ERODED DEPOSITED. Metamorphic Sedimentary ERODED, TRANSPORTED DEPOSITED

Volcano Vocabulary ROCK CYCLE. Igneous REMELTED REMELTED BURIED BURIED HEAT ERODED DEPOSITED. Metamorphic Sedimentary ERODED, TRANSPORTED DEPOSITED Volcano Vocabulary VOLCANISM VENT CRATER CALDERA QUIET ERUPTION EXPLOSIVE ERUPTION PYROCLASTIC DEBRIS CINDER CONE SHIELD VOLCANO COMPOSITE VOLCANO STRATO VOLCANO ACTIVE DORMANT EXTINCT INTRUSION DIKE SILL

More information

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7 Answers Plate Tectonics Year 9 Science Chapter 7 p167 1 Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that is used to explain the movement of the Earth s lithosphere. The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell

More information

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan Content: This lesson plan and slide presentation is to be used in conjunction with:: 1 x volcano teacher briefing 1 x volcano teacher fact sheet

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface TEKS investigate rapid changes in Earth s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and landslides Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface Constant Changes Earth s surface is constantly changing. Wind,

More information

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano.

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. BY RYAN O MAHONY INTRODUCTION This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. MAP OF VOLCANOES AROUND THE WORLD DIAGRAM

More information

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

More information

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 TEACHING LEARNING COLLABORATIVE (TLC) EARTH SCIENCE Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 Created by: Debra McKey (Mountain Vista Middle School); Valerie Duncan (Upper Lake Middle School); and Lynn Chick (Coyote Valley

More information

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur?

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur? 2 Tectonic processes In this chapter you will study: how the Earth s crust is broken into different types of tectonic s what type of tectonic activity occurs at the boundaries what can happen during earthquakes

More information

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES What is a volcano? A place on the earth s surface (or any other planet) where molten rock and gases are erupted. A hill or mountain built up by the eruption

More information

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes What are earthquakes? Imagine bending a stick until it breaks. When the stick snaps, it vibrates, releasing energy. Earthquakes release energy in a similar way. Earthquakes

More information

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review Use the following diagram to answer questions 1 and 2. 1. Which location has the youngest crust? A. A B. B C. C D. D 2. Which location is associated with subduction?

More information

Reading Science! Name: Date: Tectonic Plates

Reading Science! Name: Date: Tectonic Plates Name: ate: Tectonic Plates 6.10: Tectonic Plates 1 2 On March 11, 2011, an earthquake measuring 8.9 on the Richter Scale shook the ocean floor. It made a giant wave which grew up to 30 feet (9.14 meters)

More information

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes The Layered Earth: Content Overview The Layered Earth Unit A The Solid Earth Unit B Plate Tectonics Unit C Minerals and Rocks Unit D Shaping the Earth Unit E Earthquakes Unit F Volcanoes Unit G Geologic

More information

Features of Plate Tectonics

Features of Plate Tectonics Features of Plate Tectonics Section 12.2 Summary Textbook pages 518 537 Before You Read Earthquakes frequently occur in British Columbia. State what you already know about earthquakes in the lines below.

More information

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

More information

Exam 2 review Earth Science 2 Exam on April 8th

Exam 2 review Earth Science 2 Exam on April 8th 1. How is Earth organized? A. Earth has an inner and outer core, a mantle, and a crust. B. Earth has an inner mantle and an outer lithosphere. with a liquid inner core. C. Earth's crust rests atop the

More information

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents

Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents aftershock: an earthquake that follows a larger earthquake or main shock and originates in or near the rupture zone of the larger earthquake. Generally, major earthquakes are followed by a number of aftershocks

More information

Post Assessment. Concept(s)

Post Assessment. Concept(s) Post Assessment Concept(s) Addressed Time Materials Advance preparation The Earth has different layers with different densities, composition and temperatures. Direct and indirect evidence are used to explain

More information

Class Notes: Plate Tectonics

Class Notes: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: Tectonics The Physical Setting: Earth Science Class Notes: Tectonics I. Continental Drift Continental Drift -! Pangaea -! Alfred Wegener (1915) German and Proposed the theory of! Hypothesized

More information

Volcanoes and plate tectonics

Volcanoes and plate tectonics Volcanoes and plate tectonics 1. divergent plate margins: rift volcanoes 2. convergent plate margins: 84% of eruptions ocean-ocean margins: island-arc volcanoes ocean-continent margins: andesitic volcanoes

More information

The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands

The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands by Elizabeth Knapp On the big island of Hawaii, an ancient legend still stirs deep within the earth. The story begins with Pele, the beautiful yet fiery Goddess of Volcanoes.

More information

continent convection current core one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America

continent convection current core one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America continent one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America convection current a series of circular motions that occur in substances when heating and cooling happen together core

More information

Identify the layers of the earth by position on a diagram.

Identify the layers of the earth by position on a diagram. COMPETENCY 1.O GEOLOGY SKILL 1.1 Identify the layers of the earth by position on a diagram. The earth s physical enviroment is divided into three major parts: the atmosphere:, the hydrosphere, and the

More information

Science Writing Heuristics

Science Writing Heuristics Student/Lab Group: Think It Through Questions Part III 1. What happens in a volcanic eruption? 2. What forces are involved in making a volcano erupt? 3. Why do volcanic eruptions affect us? 4. Why do some

More information

ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS

ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS Introduction Volcanoes are classified into several major types depending on the size and shape of the landform. A shield volcano forms a gently sloping

More information

Fourth Grade Geology: The Earth and Its Changes Assessment

Fourth Grade Geology: The Earth and Its Changes Assessment Fourth Grade Geology: The Earth and Its Changes Assessment 1a. What is the center layer of the Earth called? a. crust b. core c. mantle d. middle 1b. Label each layer of the Earth. 1c. What are the Earth

More information

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

More information

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics CHAPTER 4 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is the theory of plate tectonics? What

More information

Chapter 2: Earth s Structure. The BIG Idea: Heat escaping from Earth s internal layers constantly changes the planet s surface.

Chapter 2: Earth s Structure. The BIG Idea: Heat escaping from Earth s internal layers constantly changes the planet s surface. Chapter 2: Earth s Structure The BIG Idea: Heat escaping from Earth s internal layers constantly changes the planet s surface. Lesson 1: Landforms Main Idea Forces inside and outside Earth produce Earth

More information

Earth s Plates. Layers of the the Earth

Earth s Plates. Layers of the the Earth 2.3 The Land Pages 35 41 Learning Target: PG7 I can recognize specific processes that operate on the Earth s surface. (i.e. erosion, volcanoes, earthquakes, wind and water currents, plate tectonics, and

More information

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67)

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) 4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) Seafloor Spreading In the early 1960s, samples of basaltic ocean crust were dredged up from various locations across the ocean basins. The samples were then analyzed to

More information

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes form when magma reaches the Earth's surface, causing eruptions of lava and ash. They occur at destructive (compressional) and constructive (tensional) plate boundaries.

More information

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms Atmosphere Biosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere Lithosphere is the branch of physical geography, shared with the fields of Geomorphology and Tectonics, that specifically examine the landforms, continents

More information

5thscience earth science (5thscience_earth)

5thscience earth science (5thscience_earth) Name: Date: 1. An extinct volcano is one that A. erupts only once. B. erupts once every 100 years. C. is expected to erupt soon. D. has not erupted in many years. 2. An acorn fell into a crack in a large

More information

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST: Comparing

More information

Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface

Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface PART ONE Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface Science standards To prepare students to understand the Essential Academic Learning Requirements (EALRs) introduced at middle school, this series

More information

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013)

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) 1. Interior of the Earth Learning objectives: Understand the structure of the Earth s interior crust,

More information

lithosphere granite basalt

lithosphere granite basalt The Earth s s Crust The Earth s s Crust The earth s crust is the outside layer of the earth. It is thickest at the continents at about 40 Km (up to 70 Km) deep. It is thinnest under the oceans at about

More information

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT

The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT The Dynamic Crust 1) Virtually everything you need to know about the interior of the earth can be found on page 10 of your reference tables. Take the time to become familiar with page 10 and everything

More information

What do you imagine about the nature

What do you imagine about the nature CHAPTER INTERIOR OF THE EARTH What do you imagine about the nature of the earth? Do you imagine it to be a solid ball like cricket ball or a hollow ball with a thick cover of rocks i.e. lithosphere? Have

More information

Viscosity and Volcano Types

Viscosity and Volcano Types 20 LESSON Viscosity and Volcano Types This photo, taken in 1943 in Paricutin, Mexico, shows an eruption of the Paricutin volcano at night. Glowing hot, broken rocks outline the shape of the volcano, called

More information

Learn more at www.pbs.org/nature

Learn more at www.pbs.org/nature Lesson Title: Vibrant Volcanoes Grade level: 2 4 Topic/Subject Matter: Earth Science Time Allotment:1-2 class periods Overview This lesson will introduce elementary students to the fiery and explosive

More information

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes There s nothing quite like getting caught up in an earthquake. The ground shakes and rolls. The Earth makes a big shift. Have you ever felt an earthquake? An earthquake

More information

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which

More information

Grade 7 Earth/Space Pretest

Grade 7 Earth/Space Pretest Grade 7 Earth/Space Pretest Select the best answer to each question. 1. Earth can be divided into layers based on chemical composition. The three compositional layers of Earth are the core, the mantle,

More information

3. When an earthquake occurs, energy radiates in all directions from its source, which is called the. a. epicenter c. fault b. focus d.

3. When an earthquake occurs, energy radiates in all directions from its source, which is called the. a. epicenter c. fault b. focus d. NAME EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 8 1. A fault is. a. a place on Earth where earthquakes cannot occur b. a fracture in the Earth where movement has occurred c. the place on Earth s surface where structures move

More information

Michelle Mindick. volcanism, gradation, impact cratering, and Earth s interior core.

Michelle Mindick. volcanism, gradation, impact cratering, and Earth s interior core. Michelle Mindick The Evolution of Earth s Surface According to 21 st Century Astronomy, Earth originally formed as a result of gas and dust that rotated around a protostar - our sun- billions of years

More information

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

More information

ì<(sk$m)=cdffjj< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=cdffjj< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Standards Preview Earth Sciences Standard Set 5. Earth Sciences 5. Waves, wind, water, and ice shape and reshape Earth s land surface. As a basis for understanding this concept: 5.a. Students know some

More information

GY 111: Physical Geology

GY 111: Physical Geology UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA GY 111: Physical Geology The eruption of Mount Tavurvur volcano August 29th, 2014. Captured by Phil McNamara. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bur EX8aFbMs Instructor: Dr. Douglas

More information

Interactive Plate Tectonics

Interactive Plate Tectonics Interactive Plate Tectonics Directions: Go to the following website and complete the questions below. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/index.html How do scientists learn about the interior

More information

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 Which is not included

More information

NATURAL HAZARDS & NATURAL DISASTERS

NATURAL HAZARDS & NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL HAZARDS & NATURAL DISASTERS The World is always changing. Natural disasters are changes which are so great they may cause damage to the shape of the land or to the lives of people and other living

More information

James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University. Student Name

James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University. Student Name 31 Exercise 4 Volcanic Hazards James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University Student Name Section In this lab you will: examine various volcanic hazards and some of the techniques that can be used to help

More information

Earth's Interior. Convection and the Mantle Section 2 Summary. Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics

Earth's Interior. Convection and the Mantle Section 2 Summary. Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics Earth's Interior Earth's surface is constantly changing. Earth looks different today from the way it did millions of years ago. People wonder, "What's inside Earth?" The extreme

More information

Earth Science Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension. Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion

Earth Science Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension. Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension Name 1 How many people have been to the Rocky Mountains or the Grand Canyon? When people go to visit these natural wonders, they may not realize that it took millions of years for

More information

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH AS A SYSTEM K-2 3-5 6-8 How is the Earth part of a larger system? The Earth is part of a bigger system called the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar

More information

Month Contents Page. August Plate Tectonics September Folding and Faulting October Rivers 34-44

Month Contents Page. August Plate Tectonics September Folding and Faulting October Rivers 34-44 Dawood Public School Course Outline 2015-16 Geography Class VI Books: Song, Tan Kim, (2011) International Lower secondary Geography 3, Marshall Gavendish Education, Singapore. Month Contents Page August

More information

LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives.

LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives. LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Earthquakes 6 8 Young people will understand where most seismic activity occurs and why by learning about the plates of the earth. Key Terms and Concepts Earthquake Science

More information

Constructive & Destructive Forces on Landforms 5-3.1

Constructive & Destructive Forces on Landforms 5-3.1 Constructive & Destructive Forces on Landforms 5-3.1 S5E1: Students will identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes. a. Identify surface features caused by

More information

Name Period. Earth Science Regents

Name Period. Earth Science Regents Earth Science Regents Name Period THE DYNAMIC CRUST There are 4 major sub-divisions to the Earth s interior: 1. The Crust a. it s thickness varies from 5 to 60 kilometers b. continental crust is thicker,

More information

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates.

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. Notes on Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. These plates move around the mantle. Plates are composed of the crust and

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 The Continental Drift Hypothesis Lesson 2 Development of a Theory Lesson 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics Chapter Wrap-Up Arctic_Images/Getty Images What is the theory of plate

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases

More information

Inside Earth: Layers of the Earth

Inside Earth: Layers of the Earth Inside Earth: Layers of the Earth Earth is a restless planet. Heat in the Earth s interior causes giant plates of crust to move around on the surface. The crashing and smashing of these plates leads to

More information

Name: Date: Period: 1. The Grand Canyon was formed by. It was carved by the. 6. Landmasses that were once separated by oceans, have collided to form

Name: Date: Period: 1. The Grand Canyon was formed by. It was carved by the. 6. Landmasses that were once separated by oceans, have collided to form Name: Date: Period: By Jack Erickson and Sylvia Lewandowski Provided by Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc. for The Theory of Plate Tectonics CD-ROM http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progplate.html 1. The Grand Canyon

More information

ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy. Class 15

ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy. Class 15 ASTRONOMY 161 Introduction to Solar System Astronomy Class 15 The Earth Monday, February 12 The Earth: Physical characteristics Mass = 5.97 10 24 kg Mean radius = 6,373 km Polar radius = 6,357 km Density

More information

1 Shoreline Erosion and Deposition

1 Shoreline Erosion and Deposition CHAPTER 3 1 Shoreline Erosion and Deposition SECTION Agents of Erosion and Deposition BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a shoreline? How

More information

20, (PAGES 267 279 IN YOUR MANUAL,

20, (PAGES 267 279 IN YOUR MANUAL, GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Examining the Terrestrial Planets (Chapter 20) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and your geology

More information