AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide

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1 AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide Directions: In the space provided, identify each of the following with a detailed description Significant Term, Person, or Event Text Page Description French and Indian War Albany Plan of Union --- plan by Ben Franklin proposing a Grand Council representing each colony & Iroquois Confederacy; goal was a united front against perceived territorial aggression of the French William Pitt 89 key to winning F/I War was to mobilize colonial soldiers; if colonies would fight Parliament would pay for war Treaty of Paris, France is gone from mainland North America Britain gains Canada & ½ of Louisiana (east of Mississippi) Spain gains ½ of Louisiana (west of Mississippi) Pontiac s Rebellion 90 Paxton Boys Riot 92 Proclamation of George III George Grenville writs of assistance 98 Sugar Act Stamp Act

2 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 2 Stamp Act Congress virtual representation 71 philosophy was attacked as part of Stamp tax protests Patriot groups (i.e. Sons of Liberty & Loyal Nine) Declaratory Act 101 Townshend Duties 101 John Dickinson & Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer Nonimportation/boycotts (esp. women, homespun & spinning bees) Quartering Act --- due to growing colonial unrest British transferred bulk of redcoats to major seaports & authorized use of private property to house/shelter these troops Boston Massacre 102 committees of correspondence --- voluntary network of community members throughout New England responsible for exchanging information & coordinating measures to defend colonial rights Tea Act 103 Boston Tea Party 104 Intolerable Acts 104

3 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 3 First Continental Congress 104 Suffolk Resolves 104 Lord Dunmore s Proclamation 106 Second Continental Congress Olive Branch Petition Thomas Paine & Common Sense 110 Declaration of Independence A3-A4 American Revolution Marquis de Lafayette --- young, brave, idealistic French aristocrat who joined Washington s staff after Battle of Princeton his presence indicated Louis XVI might help USA in war Battle of Saratoga 116 Friedrich von Steuben --- Significant in convincing French to join war German mercenary joined soldiers at Valley Forge Helped motivate & train soldiers Battle of Yorktown Treaty of Paris,

4 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 4 new state constitutions Articles of Confederation, esp. powers & weaknesses A5-A8 Impact of war on blacks 122 Impact of war on American Indians Impact of war on women (esp. Abigail Adams & Remember the Ladies ) republicanism, esp. for women (aka Republican Motherhood) Critical Period --- time from the end of the Revolution to Washington s election (era of Articles of Confederation) when there many obstacles that could have killed the newly independent U.S.A Northwest Ordinance Shay s Rebellion Constitutional Convention Constitutional limits & barriers to pure democracy Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan

5 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 5 Great (aka Connecticut) Compromise 145 Three-Fifths Compromise Electoral College Constitution 147 A9-A19 Federalists v. Anti-Federalists (incl. The Federalist Papers) order when states ratified Constitution Delaware (12/7/1787), Pennsylvania (12/12/1787), New Jersey (12/18/1787), Georgia (1/2/1788), Connecticut (1/9/1788), Massachusetts (2/6/1788), Maryland (4/28/1788), South Carolina (5/23/1788), New Hampshire (6/21/1788), Virginia (6/25/1788), New York (7/26/1788), North Carolina (11/21/1789), and Rhode Island (5/29/1890) First Amendment Second Amendment Third Amendment Fourth Amendment Fifth Amendment Sixth Amendment Seventh Amendment

6 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 6 Eighth Amendment Ninth Amendment Tenth Amendment first Cabinet s members Judiciary Act of 1789 Hamilton s Report on the Public Credit Early funding of the federal government --- Originally, the federal government could only raise money by import taxes, excises taxes (sales taxes), & taxing state governments; taxing personal income was NOT allowed Hamilton/Jefferson compromise 163 Hamilton s Report on a National Bank 196 strict interpretation v. loose interpretation implied powers, Necessary and Proper (aka elastic) Clause Federalists v. Democratic-Republicans (and likely supporters) Washington s Neutrality Proclamation Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18: Congress shall have power To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution *its clearly stated+ powers Washington s effort to balance interests of Federalists and Democratic-Republicans between Britain & France in their 1790s war

7 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 7 Jay s Treaty 170 Pinckney s Treaty 170 Whiskey Rebellion Impact of Saint- Dominique (Haiti) slave revolt on US Fugitive Slave Law, Washington s Farewell Address 179 John Adams s Administration XYZ Affair 181 Quasi War Alien and Sedition Acts Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 183 Interposition & nullification 183 Election of

8 APUSH Unit 3 Study Guide Page 8 Gabriel s Rebellion 185 Questions to consider: While it is not required to answer these questions, being familiar with these topics would be highly beneficial to you. 1. How and why did the French and Indian War and subsequent British political policies lead to a rupture between Britain and its American colonies? 2. To what extent did as the Albany Plan, Common Sense, and the Continental Congresses advance a sense of unity among the American colonies? 3. In what ways were the ideas of liberty and equality advanced and/or stifled by the Revolutionary Era? 4. How did the Constitution correct the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? 5. How and why did the political consensus prevailing during the 1790s fracture into a two-party system? 6. What were the primary factors contributing to the status and welfare of nonwhites and women in the new republic?

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