Midterm review questions

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1 1. 2 The major purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to 1. describe a method for defeating the British in a war 3. provide a written plan of government 2. justify the actions of the American colonists in overthrowing 4. replace the Articles of British rule Confederation 2. 1 The term Native American is used to refer to 1. American Indians 3. African Americans 2. Hispanic Americans 4. British colonists 3. 4 The primary purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to 1. establish the basic law in the Northwest 3. provide a plan for rule by an absolute monarchy territory 2. guarantee human rights for all Americans 4. justify why the American colonist broke away from Great Britain 4. 2 According to the Declaration of Independence, a government's power comes from the 1. states 3. U.S. Constitution 2. people 4. laws passed by Congress 5. 3 The "unalienable rights" mentioned in the Declaration of Independence refer to 1. the right of the accused persons 3. rights that cannot be taken away 2. the right to vote in all elections 4. right-to-work laws 6. 3 The Iroquois, Navajo and Apache would most likely be topics discussed in an essay dealing with 1. economic conditions in America 3. Native American tribes 2. European explorers 4. European religions 1

2 7. 1 The first people to settle in the Americas were 1. hunters and gatherers of food 3. industrialists and businesspeople 2. enslaved peoples 4. miners and plantation owners 8. 1 The Atlantic Slave Trade refers to 1. forced transfer of Africans 3. Africans buying slaves 2. African workers in slave ships 4. Muslims trading spices for slaves 9. 1 The indigenous people of America are 1. Native Americans 3. English immigrants 2. Irish Americans 4. Italian Americans The major objection that British colonists in North America had to English rule was that they were 1. denied the right to arm themselves for defense 3. forced to settle wilderness areas 2. denied the rights of citizens who lived in England 4. forced to farm crops ordered by England Which group of events is in correct chronological order? 1. War of 1812, ratification of the Constitution, Albany 3. Stamp Act, Civil War, Boston Tea Party Plan of Union 2. Albany Plan of Union, Stamp Act, Mayflower 4. Mayflower Compact, Albany Plan of Union, Compact War of

3 12. 3 Which statement about the Iroquois expresses an opinion? 1. The Cayuga, Mohawk, Seneca, and Oneida were 3. The Iroquois were the best Native American Indian Iroquois tribes. warriors. 2. Many Iroquois people spent their winters living 4. Iroquois men built canoes for fishing and trading in longhouses. with other villages A primary source of information about New Amsterdam would be 1. a history of the United States 3. a diary written by Peter Stuyvesant 2. a television show about the British colonies 4. an interview with a historian on the Colonial Period 3

4 14. 3 Figure 1 Base your answer to the question on the map. This map deals mainly with which aspect of colonial life? 1. political 3. economic 2. social 4. religious Which event led to the other three? 1. issuance of the Declaration of Independence 3. the Boston Tea Party 2. meeting of the First Continental Congress 4. new British tax policies after the French and Indian War 4

5 16. 3 What was the main purpose of the Stamp Act? 1. to organize the first colonial post office 3. to raise money to repay British costs for the French and Indian War 2. to raise money to pay the salary of colonial 4. to guarantee that all colonies would pay the same for a assemblies stamp "Taxation without representation" was a response by the colonists to 1. sharing tax monies with Native American Indian 3. British economic policies towards the tribes colonies 2. a provision in the Treaty of Paris of the formation of the Iroquois Confederacy The emergence of "New England," "New France," "New Spain," and "New Netherlands" in the Americas shows the 1. limits of political power in Europe 3. influence of European settlement in North and South America 2. spread of Native American Indian 4. expansion of European power in Asia empires A study of the Maya, Incas, and Aztecs demonstrates that 1. pre-columbian peoples were largely uncivilized 3. Europeans introduced agriculture to the Americas 2. advanced American civilizations existed before 4. these people were peaceful prior to Columbus arrived European conquest 5

6 20. 3 Figure 2 According to the pie chart, in 1775, which was the largest ethnic group in the colonies? 1. Scotch-Irish 3. English 2. German 4. African Under the system of mercantilism, the British colonies provided Great Britain with 1. manufactured goods 3. laborers for British factories 2. raw materials and markets for British products 4. machinery and technological advice Puritan leaders saw dissent by any member of the community as 1. something to be tolerated 3. a serious error in judgment 2. healthy 4. a natural outgrowth of studying the Bible 6

7 23. 2 People who study physical artifacts, such as bones, pots, baskets and buildings, to learn about the activities of people from past civilizations are called 1. historians 3. librarians 2. archaeologists 4. teachers What is the name given to the Iroquois confederation of Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, and Onondaga tribes? 1. League of Five Nations 3. Senate 2. United Nations 4. Royal Crown Assembly What is the purpose of the League of Five Nations formed by 5 tribal groups in the northeastern part of North America? 1. to conduct war and diplomacy 3. to hunt game in the forests 2. to share farming tools 4. to construct more elaborate buildings Native Americans of the Great Plains hunted the buffalo 1. on foot 3. by sailboat 2. on horses 4. in huge groups The Iroquois tribes lived in 1. tents 3. permanent settlements 2. mud houses 4. house boats The most important treasure the Spanish obtained from the New World was 1. tobacco 3. land 2. gold 4. Indian labor 7

8 29. 3 In 1676, Bacon's Rebellion erupted as a dispute over 1. taxation 3. Indian policy 2. slavery 4. the Navigation Act of What is the name of the document that provided order and security in the new land for the Pilgrims, when they realized that they had landed far north of the Virginia grant they had been given by their charter? 1. Mayflower Compact 3. Bill of Rights 2. Constitution 4. Navigation Act William Penn of Pennsylvania granted this to every settler who came to that colony. 1. a job 3. church membership 2. a farm 4. freedom of religion Astrolabes and quadrants aided the European Age of Exploration and helped explorers to 1. estimate the speed of a ship 3. determine weather conditions 2. map the shoreline 4. find fish A contract in which poor immigrants traded four to seven years of labor in exchange for passage to the colonies and food and shelter once they were there was called 1. a headright 3. a bribe 2. an indenture 4. a ransom Who was sent to trade corn with the Indian tribes upriver from Jamestown? 1. Pocahontas 3. the ship's cook 2. Captain John Smith 4. an indentured servant 8

9 35. 4 The Navigation Act of 1660 required that all colonial products be sent 1. anywhere they wanted 3. only to colonial destinations 2. only to European ports 4. only to English ports When discussing the term "middle passage," you would need to include all of the following EXCEPT 1. ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean 3. fishing laws near Boston 2. transporting slaves 4. death from disease During the period 1700 to 1770, the American colonial population increased from about 250,000 people to over 2,000,000. This growth of colonial society was mainly due to 1. changes in the birthrate among the 3. increased immigration from Europe colonists 2. a sharp reduction in the colonial death rate 4. a rapid increase in the slave trade in the northern colonies The Rhode Island colony established by Roger Williams was important because it 1. Abolished slavery in the colony 3. Allowed women to vote 2. Gave equal rights to blacks 4. Allowed religious freedom for all Under the Quartering Act, what could military commanders do? 1. Lodge soldiers wherever necessary 3. Take over hotels 2. Tax residents for the support of soldiers 4. Build new houses to shelter soldiers In July 1777, John Dickinson wrote an appeal to King George, to repair the division between England and the colonies just after the battles of Concord and Lexington. What was it called? 1. Mayflower Compact 3. Common Sense 2. Declaration of Independence 4. Olive Branch Petition 9

10 41. 2 What is the name given to the local military forces created to defend the colonial settlements against the British? 1. Hessians 3. Red Coats 2. militias 4. musketeers What is the name given the German mercenary soldiers hired by the British to supplement their regular troops? 1. Hessians 3. Loyalists 2. Militiamen 4. Sons of Liberty This American general acted as a spy for the British, promoting a spirit of patriotism when his treachery was revealed. 1. Benedict Arnold 3. George Washington 2. Alexander Hamilton 4. Charles Cornwallis What is the name of the official settlement that ended the American Revolution? 1. Treaty of Versailles 3. Treaty of Bunker Hill 2. Treaty of Paris 4. Treaty of Valley Forge During the Revolutionary War, many women, like Molly Pitcher, 1. became governors of the new states 3. served in the Continental Congress 2. showed their patriotism alongside the men 4. left for Canada to avoid the fighting In the Treaty of Paris, Native Americans were 1. given reservations to live on 3. not officially part of the negotiations for a treaty 2. treated as negotiators at the conference table 4. pushed into Canada 10

11 47. 4 Base your answer on the speakers' statements and on your knowledge of social studies. Speaker A: "I would have hanged my brother if he took part with our enemy in this country," said patriot Sam Adams. Speaker B: Bodies were then piled in the carts and hauled through the streets. The loyalists laughed and hooted as they saw these carts go by. "There goes another load of rebels," they would say. Based on these statements, which conclusion can best be drawn about the colonists' support for independence from England? 1. Patriots received better treatment than 3. All American colonists favored independence from loyalists. England. 2. Patriots and loyalists both wanted to end 4. The issue of independence from England caused sharp British rule of the colonies. differences among the American colonists During the American Revolution, which European nation was most helpful to the colonists fighting the British? 1. France 3. Spain 2. Netherlands 4. Russia Some Indian nations joined with the British during the Revolutionary War because 1. The wages were higher than those offered by the 3. They believed the British army could train them Americans better for battle. 2. They believed the British would prevent further 4. They offered food and blankets imported from movement westward by the Americans. England to help during harsh winters Which is the least accurate statement regarding religion in early Native American culture? 1. Religion was very important and closely bound to 3. Native Americans were monotheistic. nature. 2. Some tribes created totems as part of religious 4. Festivals were staged to celebrate harvests or ritual. major hunts. 11

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