Summer Assignment Coversheet

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Summer Assignment Coversheet"

Transcription

1 Summer Assignment Coversheet Course: A.P. Chemistry Teachers Names: Mary Engels Assignment Title: Summer Assignment A Review Assignment Summary/Purpose: To review the Rules for Solubility, Oxidation Numbers, Significant Figures and Ions. It also reviews how to write and name binary ionic and binary covalent compounds, writing and balancing equations, and stoichiometry. When Assigned: End of current school year When Due: 3 rd Class Meeting Estimated time needed to complete the assignment: Approximately 6 hours. Description of how the assignment will be assessed and when: It will be graded for completion and correctness. Grade impact to overall grade (i.e. 5% of semester grade, 10% of quarter grade etc): Approximately 4% of the first quarter grade. Tools/resources needed to complete the assignment and where student can obtain them: Periodic table, calculator. A periodic table can be obtained online. If the student does not have a calculator, one needs to be purchased. (Scientific or graphing) Contact information if there are questions: Name: Mary Engels

2 A.P. Chemistry Summer Assignment for Instructor: Mary Engels Please review the Rules for Solubility, Oxidation Numbers, Significant Figures and Ions. Also review how to write and name binary ionic and binary covalent compounds. Complete the enclosed assignment. It reviews nomenclature/formula writing, writing and balancing equations, and stoichiometry. If you have any questions I may be contacted at the following address: Please be patient for a response as I will not be checking my on a daily basis. Please purchase an AP Chemistry Review book (your choice of author/publisher) for next year.

3 Please review the following rules below: Solubility Rules for Salts in Water 1. Most nitrate (NO 3 1 ) salts are soluble. 2. Most salts containing the alkali metals ions (Li +, Na +, K +, Cs +, Rb +, and the ammonium ion (NH 4 + ) are soluble. 3. Most chloride, bromide, and iodide salts are soluble. Notable exceptions are salts containing the Ag +, Pb +2, and Hg Most sulfates are soluble. Notable exceptions are BaSO 4, PbSO 4, Hg 2 SO 4, and CaSO Most hydroxide salts are only slightly soluble. The important soluble hydroxides are NaOH and KOH. The compounds Ba(OH) 2, Sr(OH) 2, and Ca(OH) 2 are marginally soluble. 6. Most sulfides (S ), carbonates (CO 3 ) and phosphates (PO 4 3 ) salts are only slightly soluble. Rules for Assigning Oxidation States 1. An atom in a free element is zero, A monatomic ion is the same as its charge. 3. Fluorine is 1 in its compounds. 4. Oxygen is usually in compounds, except in peroxides in which case it is Hydrogen is +1 in a compound, except in metal hydrides in which case it is In a compound, the sum of all the oxidation numbers must total 0. Rules for Significant Figures 1. In multiplication/division, your answer must have the same number of significant figures as the value with the least number of significant figures. 2. In addition/subtraction, your answer must have the same number of decimal places as the value with the least number of decimal places. 3. Exact numbers, which may be due to counting or equalities such as 1 mol = 6.02 X atoms, never limit the number of significant figures in a calculation. 4. All nonzero digits are always significant. 5. Zero s: a. Leading zeros are never significant. b. Sandwiched zeros, zeros between nonzero numbers are always significant. c. Trailing zeros, are significant if there is a decimal and are not significant if there is no decimal.

4 Symbols & Charges for Ions Reference Sheet You are responsible for knowing the following symbols, their charges, and names. You are also responsible for using them correctly for writing chemical formulas and naming compounds. Practice!!!!!!! Monatomic Ions: Cation Symbol Name Anion Symbol Name H + hydrogen ion H hydride Li + lithium ion F fluoride Na + sodium ion Cl chloride K + potassium ion Br bromide Mg +2 magnesium ion I iodide Ca +2 calcium ion O oxide Sr +2 strontium ion S sulfide Ba +2 barium ion N 3 nitride Ag +1 silver ion P 3 phosphide Zn +2 zinc ion Al +3 aluminum ion Polyatomic Ions: Formula Name Formula Name NO 3 nitrate CrO 4 chromate NO 2 nitrite CrO 7 dichromate MnO 4 permanganate CN cyanide OH hydroxide O 2 peroxide CO 3 carbonate SO 3 sulfite 1 HCO 3 hydrogen carbonate 3 PO 3 phosphite SO 4 sulfate ClO 4 perchlorate 3 PO 4 phosphate ClO 2 chlorite + NH 4 ammonium ClO hypochlorite ClO 3 chlorate C 2 O 4 oxalate C 2 H 3 O 2 acetate S 2 O 3 thiosulfate The following symbols and charges are for reference purposes. You are expected to know these symbols and be able to determine charges from formulas or the name. Transition Metals: Cation Symbol IUPAC Name Cation Symbol IUPAC Name Cu +1 Copper (I) +2 Hg 2 Mercury (I) Cu +2 Copper (II) Hg +2 Mercury (II) Fe +2 Iron (II) Pb +2 Lead (II) Fe +3 Iron (III) Pb +4 Lead(IV) Sn +2 Tin (II) Co +2 Cobalt (II) Sn +4 Tin (IV) Co +3 Cobalt (III) Cr +2 Chromium (II) Ni +2 Nickel (II) Cr +3 Chromium (III) Ni +4 Nickel (IV) Mn +2 Manganese (II) Au +1 Gold (I) Mn +3 Manganese (III) Au +3 Gold (III)

5 AP Chemistry Summer Assignment Due: The 3 rd meeting of class Part I For the following: Answer on a separate sheet of paper Clearly label each answer Write and balance the equation (include phases of matter) You may need to predict the products for some reactions Identify the type of reaction Perform the indicated stoichiometry problem (show all work, units and significant figures) 1. How many grams of water are produced when g of ethane gas burn in the presence of excess oxygen? g of solid lithium hydroxide is added to an aqueous solution of sulfuric acid. How many grams of lithium sulfate can be produced? g of aluminum wire complete react with excess copper (II) nitrate in solution. How many grams of copper metal are produced? 4. If 10.0 g of liquid hydrogen peroxide decomposes to form liquid water and oxygen gas. How may liters of oxygen gas at STP conditions? g Magnesium metal reacts with g of nitrogen to form magnesium nitride. How many grams of magnesium nitride are formed? Part II 1. Suppose a stable element with atomic number 120, symbol Q, has been discovered. a. Write the electron configuration for Q and circle the valence electron(s). b. Would Q be a metal or nonmetal? Explain. c. On the basis of periodic trends, would Q have the largest atomic radius in its group or would it have the smallest? Explain in terms of electronic structure. d. What would the most likely charge of the Q ion in stable compounds? e. Assume Q reacts to form a compound with the phosphate ion, PO 4 3. i. Write the formula for this compound. ii. Predict whether or not this compound would dissolve in water. Explain.

Putting Ions in Their Hands Covalent, Ionic and Metallic Bonding

Putting Ions in Their Hands Covalent, Ionic and Metallic Bonding Putting Ions in Their Hands Covalent, Ionic and Metallic Bonding SCIENTIFIC Introduction The first time seeing formulas and names of ionic compounds can be confusing. However, upon further investigation,

More information

CHEMISTRY NOTES Chapter 6. Chemical Names and Formulas

CHEMISTRY NOTES Chapter 6. Chemical Names and Formulas Goals : To gain an understanding of : CHEMISTRY NOTES Chapter 6 Chemical Names and Formulas 1. Writing chemical formulas for ionic and molecular compounds. 2. Naming ionic and molecular chemical compounds

More information

How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically?

How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically? Lab 5 Name How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically? PreLab Assignment There is no written prelab assignment for this laboratory exercise. Recommended: Review the element

More information

How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically?

How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically? Lab 5 Name How Are Ionic and Covalent Compounds Named and Represented Symbolically? PreLab Assignment There is no written prelab assignment for this laboratory exercise. Recommended: Review the element

More information

General Chemistry (Chem110) Dr. Rima Alharthy

General Chemistry (Chem110) Dr. Rima Alharthy General Chemistry (Chem110) Dr. Rima Alharthy Assistant professor in Medicinal and organic synthesis University of Nottingham, UK iaaalharte@kau.edu.sa Building 4 room 204 Office hours (Mondays and Wednesdays

More information

The Chemistry Name Game

The Chemistry Name Game The Chemistry Name Game Contributed by Butane: The Carroll College Chemistry Club Main Science Idea for Kids As students play the Chemistry Name Game, they will learn why compounds form as they do. They

More information

Teaching Tips for Lesson 14: Complex Ions

Teaching Tips for Lesson 14: Complex Ions Teaching Tips for Lesson 14: Complex Ions Game Plan: A. Review concepts learned in previous lessons. B. Introduce polyatomic ions by reading text together. Utilize ion flashcard set if necessary. C. Play

More information

1.2 Bonding Overview. 1.1 Bonding Overview. 1.3 Bonding Modes. Ionic bonding: bonds that results from the attraction of oppositely charged ions

1.2 Bonding Overview. 1.1 Bonding Overview. 1.3 Bonding Modes. Ionic bonding: bonds that results from the attraction of oppositely charged ions 1.1 Bonding Overview Chemical bond: attractive force that holds the nuclei (atoms) in compounds together intramolecular force 1. Bonding Overview Ionic bonding: bonds that results from the attraction of

More information

Chapter 7. Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds. Chemistry

Chapter 7. Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds. Chemistry Chapter 7 Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds Chemistry Systematic Naming There are too many compounds to remember the names of all of the known compounds. Compounds are made of two or more elements.

More information

Lab Session 5, Experiment 4 Chemical Nomenclature

Lab Session 5, Experiment 4 Chemical Nomenclature Lab Session 5, Experiment 4 Chemical Nomenclature Objective: To learn how to read and write formulas of compounds Background: Many of the substances you will encounter in this laboratory are ionic compounds.

More information

Nomenclature and Formulas of Ionic Compounds. Section I: Writing the Name from the Formula

Nomenclature and Formulas of Ionic Compounds. Section I: Writing the Name from the Formula Purpose: Theory: Nomenclature and Formulas of Ionic Compounds 1. To become familiar with the rules of chemical nomenclature, based on the classification of compounds. 2. To write the proper name of the

More information

Names and formulae of substances

Names and formulae of substances Names and formulae of substances Think about what you call your friends. Some of your friends might have full names (long names) and a nickname (short name). These are the words we use to tell others who

More information

Chemistry Bridging Task PLC

Chemistry Bridging Task PLC Name: Chemistry Bridging Task PLC Checklist questions: Can you... C R State the fundamental charges in an atom, their relative charges and masses Draw the electronic configuration of a given atom State

More information

Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds

Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds Ionic compounds are composed of ions. An ion is an atom or molecule with an electrical charge. Monatomic ions are formed from single atoms that have gained or lost electrons.

More information

H 2 O. Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas

H 2 O. Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas H 2 O Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas Section 9.1: Naming Ions OBJECTIVES: Identify the charges on monatomic ions by using the periodic table, and name the ions. Define a polyatomic ion and write

More information

2. Draw the Bohr-Rutherford diagrams for the following Ions: S 2-, Al +3, Li +1, P -3

2. Draw the Bohr-Rutherford diagrams for the following Ions: S 2-, Al +3, Li +1, P -3 1. Complete the following table: ATOMIC STRUCTURE Name Symbol # protons # neutrons # electrons Net charge Sodium ion Na +1 +1 Oxygen atom Gold ion +3 C Cl -1 Cesium ion +1 12 +2 16-2 18 +1 10 0 Ba +2 Helium

More information

CHAPTER 5: MOLECULES AND COMPOUNDS

CHAPTER 5: MOLECULES AND COMPOUNDS CHAPTER 5: MOLECULES AND COMPOUNDS Problems: 1-6, 9-13, 16, 20, 31-40, 43-64, 65 (a,b,c,e), 66(a-d,f), 69(a-d,f), 70(a-e), 71-78, 81-82, 87-96 A compound will display the same properties (e.g. melting

More information

Summer Assignment Part 2

Summer Assignment Part 2 Summer Assignment Part 2 Name: 1. Metric Conversions. Remember 1 cm 3 = 1 ml 1 L = 1 dm 3 ITEM GIVEN METRIC UNIT DESIRED METRIC UNIT A 8.43 cm mm B 2.41 x 10 2 cm m C 294.5 nm cm D 1.445 x 10 4 m km E

More information

Ionic and Metallic Bonding

Ionic and Metallic Bonding Unit 5: Ionic and Metallic Bonding H 2 O Valence Electrons are? The electrons responsible for the chemical properties of atoms, and are those in the outer energy level. Valence electrons - The s and p

More information

Monatomic Ions. A. Monatomic Ions In order to determine the charge of monatomic ions, you can use the periodic table as a guide:

Monatomic Ions. A. Monatomic Ions In order to determine the charge of monatomic ions, you can use the periodic table as a guide: Monatomic Ions Ions are atoms that have either lost or gained electrons. While atoms are neutral, ions are charged particles. A loss of electrons results in a positive ion or cation (pronounced cat-eye-on

More information

Ionic and Covalent Compound Naming Rules

Ionic and Covalent Compound Naming Rules Ionic and Covalent Compound Naming Rules 1. Monatomic metal cations (positive ions) take their name from the metal they are derived from. For example sodium metal, Na sodium ion, Na + 2. Roman numerals

More information

EXPERIMENT 5: CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND EQUATIONS

EXPERIMENT 5: CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND EQUATIONS PURPOSE EXPERIMENT 5: CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND EQUATIONS To perform and observe simple chemical reactions. To identify the products of chemical reactions and write balanced equations for those reactions.

More information

AP Chemistry Pre-Course Packet

AP Chemistry Pre-Course Packet AP Chemistry PreCourse Packet AP Chemistry, Fall 2015 Get excited (and ready) for AP Chemistry! Name: Included in this packet is information about the exam and information you should KNOW (memorize or

More information

Naming Inorganic Compounds Ionic compounds

Naming Inorganic Compounds Ionic compounds Naming Inorganic Compounds Ionic compounds Chemical nomenclature The names and chemical formulas of compounds are essential in chemistry. The system used in naming substances is called chemical nomenclature,

More information

Ionic Compound. Binary Ionic Compounds Name to Formula. The Language of Chemistry. Metals and Non Metals. Binary Ionic

Ionic Compound. Binary Ionic Compounds Name to Formula. The Language of Chemistry. Metals and Non Metals. Binary Ionic The Language of Chemistry Chemistry has a language all of its own Ionic Compounds Chemistry Element Symbols Chemical Formulas Chemical Equations English Letters Words Sentences Each element symbol starts

More information

Naming Compounds Handout

Naming Compounds Handout Naming Compounds Handout IONIC COMPOUNDS versus MOLECULAR COMPOUNDS ionic compound: consist of cations (positive ions) and anions (negative ions) held together by electrostatic attraction usually metal

More information

9.1 Naming Ions > Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas. 9.1 Naming Ions. 1 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

9.1 Naming Ions > Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas. 9.1 Naming Ions. 1 Copyright Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 9 Chemical Names and Formulas 9.1 Naming Ions 9.2 Naming and Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds 9.3 Naming and Writing Formulas for Molecular Compounds 9.4 Naming and Writing Formulas for Acids

More information

The following rules help us assign the oxidation number of elements: Table 5-2a - Predicting Oxidation Numbers

The following rules help us assign the oxidation number of elements: Table 5-2a - Predicting Oxidation Numbers Oxidation Numbers The chemical formula for water is H 2 O. Carbon Dioxide is CO 2. Why does oxygen combine in different ratios, in different compounds? Do Chemistry students need to memorize the chemical

More information

Chem 317 (for Chem 305) Exercise # 05 INORGANIC NOMENCLATURE - NAMING INORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Chem 317 (for Chem 305) Exercise # 05 INORGANIC NOMENCLATURE - NAMING INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Exercise # 05 INORGANIC NOMENCLATURE - NAMING INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Every compound has its own CHEMICAL FORMULA and its own NAME. The nomenclature (naming systems) for IONIC and COVALENT compounds are different.

More information

1) Write the electron configuration and circle the valence electrons for each element.

1) Write the electron configuration and circle the valence electrons for each element. Ion formation Name Period: 1) Write the electron configuration and circle the valence electrons for each element. a) Al e) Cu b) O f) Ca c) N g) Cl d) Na h) S 2) For each element in problem 1, state the

More information

Ionic and Covalent Bonds

Ionic and Covalent Bonds Chapter 6 Inorganic and Organic Compounds: Names and Formulas 6.1 Octet Rule and Ions Octet Rule An octet is 8 valence electrons is associated with the stability of the noble gases does not occur with

More information

Chapter 5: Ions & Ionic Compounds Study Guide

Chapter 5: Ions & Ionic Compounds Study Guide Name: Date: Chapter 5: Ions & Ionic Compounds Study Guide Directions: Work to answer the following review questions. You may use your notes and textbook as a reference. Answers to the review sheet will

More information

Chapter 5 Molecules and Compounds

Chapter 5 Molecules and Compounds Chemistry 25 Chapter 5 Molecules and Compounds Molecules and Compounds Salt Sodium Chlorine Sugar Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen 1 Law of Constant Composition All pure substances have constant composition. All

More information

GHW# 6- Louisiana Tech University: Chemistry 100. POGIL Exercise on Chapter 3. Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Equations: Naming Ionic compounds.

GHW# 6- Louisiana Tech University: Chemistry 100. POGIL Exercise on Chapter 3. Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Equations: Naming Ionic compounds. GHW# 6 Louisiana Tech University: Chemistry 100. POGIL Exercise on Chapter 3. Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Equations: Naming Ionic compounds. Why? How do you naming ionic compound? How do we use

More information

FACT- All non-metals and metalloids react with metals and gain electrons

FACT- All non-metals and metalloids react with metals and gain electrons The ate, ide, ite, per ate, hypo ite system of naming that is introduced early in general chemistry actually has a logical basis for its classification. In chemistry, structure creates function. Therefore,

More information

Predicting Ionic Charges OXIDATION NUMBER. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges

Predicting Ionic Charges OXIDATION NUMBER. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges. Predicting Ionic Charges OXIDATION NUMBER Oxidation number = the charge an atom would acquire if all its bonds were treated as ionic bonds. To determine how many atoms combine with one another in a compound we must determine each

More information

Chapter 5. Chemical Bond Concept

Chapter 5. Chemical Bond Concept Chapter 5 Names and Formulas of Compounds Chemical Bond Concept Recall that an atom has core and valence electrons. Core electrons are found close to the nucleus. Valence electrons are found in the most

More information

Teaching Tips for Lesson 17: Formula Weights

Teaching Tips for Lesson 17: Formula Weights Teaching Tips for Lesson 17: Formula Weights Game Plan: A. Review how moles are utilized in chemistry to measure amounts of elements. B. Introduce how to find the number of grams in one mole of a compound

More information

WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULA

WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULA WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULA For ionic compounds, the chemical formula must be worked out. You will no longer have the list of ions in the exam (like at GCSE). Instead you must learn some and work out others.

More information

Equations & Quantitative Relationships. + O 2(g)» H 2» 2 H 2

Equations & Quantitative Relationships. + O 2(g)» H 2» 2 H 2 Woods Chem-1 Lec-05 09-2 Stoichiometry (std)+ Page 1 States of matter: (s) (l) (g) (aq) Balancing Equations: Equations & Quantitative Relationships H 2 (g) + O 2(g)» H 2 Can t change H 2 O to H 2 O 2 2

More information

Chemical Nomenclature

Chemical Nomenclature Chemical Nomenclature Many everyday and historically important chemical compounds have common names. For example, water is the common name for H 2 O, baking soda is the common name for NaHCO 3 and KNO

More information

CHEMICAL NAMES AND FORMULAS. Nomenclature

CHEMICAL NAMES AND FORMULAS. Nomenclature CHEMICAL NAMES AND FORMULAS Nomenclature Naming Monatomic Ions Monatomic ions single atom with a (+) or (-) charge Cations Group 1A, 2A, and 3A elements Name is the same as the metal followed by the word

More information

Chemical Nomenclature

Chemical Nomenclature SCH3U Lesson 21 Chemical Nomenclature There are two main systems of nomenclature: IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry IUPAC has created a standardized set of rules used to name chemical

More information

AP Chemistry Prep - Summer Assignment 2013

AP Chemistry Prep - Summer Assignment 2013 AP Chemistry Prep - Summer Assignment 2013 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which value has only 4 significant digits? a. 6.930 c. 8450

More information

Figure Some common monatomic ions of the elements. Can you see any patterns?

Figure Some common monatomic ions of the elements. Can you see any patterns? Figure 2.16 Some common monatomic ions of the elements. Can you see any patterns? Table 2.3 Common ions are in blue. Common Monoatomic Ions Cations Anions Charge Formula Name Charge Formula Name +1 +2

More information

IUPAC NOMENCLATURE OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Chart 1

IUPAC NOMENCLATURE OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Chart 1 IUPAC NOMENCLATURE OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Chart 1 Binary compounds (only two elements) Binary ionic (metal ion with nonmetal ion ) Remember the total charge of ionic compound is zero. Metal ion has a fixed

More information

Valence Electrons: Compound Formulas - Ionic. Ionic. Definition

Valence Electrons: Compound Formulas - Ionic. Ionic. Definition Compound Formulas - Ionic Ionic www.lab-initio.com 1 Valence Electrons: ELECTRONS AVAILABLE FOR BONDING 2 Definition Valence electrons are electrons in the outmost shell (energy level). They are the electrons

More information

Ionic Compounds and Ionic Bonding

Ionic Compounds and Ionic Bonding Ionic Compounds and Ionic Bonding 1 Chemical Bonds There are three basic types of bonds: Ionic The electrostatic attraction between ions Covalent The sharing of electrons between atoms Metallic Each metal

More information

Grade Percentage. Today Chemical Formulas: Next Meeting Concept Check: Percentage of Class (%) 9/18/2013. Stay up to date with Reading:

Grade Percentage. Today Chemical Formulas: Next Meeting Concept Check: Percentage of Class (%) 9/18/2013. Stay up to date with Reading: Percentage of Class (%) 9/18/2013 Today Chemical Formulas: What do the subscripts mean? How is charge indicated in ions? Ionic Compounds: Understanding Trends from the periodic table Naming Cations Naming

More information

Name: Oregon City High School AP Chemistry Summer Assignment

Name: Oregon City High School AP Chemistry Summer Assignment Name: Oregon City High School AP Chemistry Summer Assignment Welcome to AP chemistry! This homework is meant to be a review of the material covered in Chemistry A and B as well as some memorization of

More information

Chapter 5. Naming Compounds Writing Formulas

Chapter 5. Naming Compounds Writing Formulas Chapter 5 Naming Compounds Writing Formulas Systematic Naming There are too many compounds to remember the names of them all. Compound is made of two or more elements. Put together atoms. Name should tell

More information

Chapter 7. Answers to Questions

Chapter 7. Answers to Questions Chapter 7 Answers to Questions 1. (a) S 2 (b) Ca 2+ (c) I 2. (a) Al 3+ (b) P 3 (c) Sn 2+ 3. (a) cobalt(ii) (b) potassium (c) nitride 4. (a) fluoride (b) mercury(ii) (c) cadmium 5. (a) The sodium ion is

More information

d electrons that the nearest noble gas does not have, the octet rule is not

d electrons that the nearest noble gas does not have, the octet rule is not Nomenclature Worksheet Part 1-Ionic compounds 1 Ionic compounds are composed of cations and anions. Most cations are made from metals. The cation is a positively charged species. Cations have fewer electrons

More information

Unit 6- Bonding and Nomenclature

Unit 6- Bonding and Nomenclature Name: Unit 6 Bonding and Nomenclature Day Page # Description IC/HW Due Date Completed ALL Warmup IC 1 Ionic Bond Gizmo IC/HW 1 Covalent Bond Gizmo IC/HW 1 Cut Out Activity HW 2 Ionic Bonding Activity IC

More information

Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Chapter 18 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Note to teacher: You will notice that there are two different formats for the Sample Problems in the student textbook. Where appropriate, the Sample Problem contains

More information

Inorganic Nomenclature

Inorganic Nomenclature Inorganic Nomenclature In order to efficiently be able to discuss chemicals and reactions, we need to understand a common system of chemical nomenclature. Nomenclature is crucial as you further your studies

More information

Decomposition. Composition

Decomposition. Composition Decomposition 1. Solid ammonium carbonate is heated. 2. Solid calcium carbonate is heated. 3. Solid calcium sulfite is heated in a vacuum. Composition 1. Barium oxide is added to distilled water. 2. Phosphorus

More information

Nomenclature CHEM 10 Review Worksheet

Nomenclature CHEM 10 Review Worksheet Nomenclature CHEM 10 Review Worksheet This Chem 10 worksheet is provided to help you review Nomenclature. Please note that the additional polyatomic ions that you must memorize for Chem 11 are not included!

More information

Chemical Names and Formulas (The Language of Chemistry)

Chemical Names and Formulas (The Language of Chemistry) 17 Chemical Names and Formulas (The Language of Chemistry) Systematic chemical names of inorganic compounds were developed by a group of scientists who were part of the International Union of Pure and

More information

Chem 105X Fri. Sept. 16, 2011 The charge on a cesium ion is.. Today 1. -2 107 1) Formulas and names 2) Mixed nomenclature 3) Calculations: moles - grams 2. -1 3. 0 4. +1 5. +2-2 3-1 30 0 2 1 3 2 Cs atom

More information

Polyatomic Ions. Can a group of atoms have a charge? Sulfide. Sulfate. Sulfite S O

Polyatomic Ions. Can a group of atoms have a charge? Sulfide. Sulfate. Sulfite S O Why? Polyatomic Ions Can a group of atoms have a charge? Do you know you eat a lot of -ates? Next time you look at a food label, read the ingredients and you will likely find a number of ingredients that

More information

How do I recognize that a compound is ionic, and how do I name it?

How do I recognize that a compound is ionic, and how do I name it? ALE 9. Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds and Acids Name CHEM 161 K. Marr Team No. Section How do I recognize that a compound is ionic, and how do I name it? The Model: Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions

More information

AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1

AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 1. a) For the ion 39 K +, state how many electrons, how many protons, and how many 19 neutrons are present? b) Which of these particles has the smallest mass? 2.

More information

1. Hydrobromic acid reacts with aqueous lithium sulfide Molecular Equation

1. Hydrobromic acid reacts with aqueous lithium sulfide Molecular Equation NAME Hr Chapter 4 Aqueous Reactions and Solution Chemistry Practice B (Part 1 = Obj. 1-3) (Part 2 = Obj. 4-6) Objective 1: Electrolytes, Acids, and Bases a. Indicate whether each of the following is strong,

More information

Naming Compounds Handout Key

Naming Compounds Handout Key Naming Compounds Handout Key p. 2 Name each of the following monatomic cations: Li + = lithium ion Ag + = silver ion Cd +2 = cadmium ion Cu +2 = copper (II) ion Al +3 = aluminum ion Mg +2 = magnesium ion

More information

BASIC IDEAS IN CHEMISTRY

BASIC IDEAS IN CHEMISTRY BASIC IDEAS IN CHEMISTRY by Michael Clark Success in studying Chemistry depends upon the familiarity of students with a few basic ideas, conventions, and methods upon which later studies are built. This

More information

Chemical Bonding POGIL

Chemical Bonding POGIL Name: Period: Activity 1 A compound by any other name Objective: Chemical Bonding POGIL Based on the elements present in a chemical formula, classify the compound as ionic or covalent (covalent molecules

More information

EXPERIMENT 3 Naming Inorganic Compounds

EXPERIMENT 3 Naming Inorganic Compounds EXPERIMENT 3 Naming Inorganic Compounds Introduction Currently, there are over 20 million known chemical compounds. The names and formulas of these compounds are an essential vocabulary in chemistry. To

More information

NOMENCLATURE EXPERIMENT 9

NOMENCLATURE EXPERIMENT 9 NOMENCLATURE EXPERIMENT 9 OBJECTIVE The objective of this assignment is to write the names of compounds using their formulas. DISCUSSION The naming of inorganic compounds can be broken down into two areas:

More information

Chapter 3 Ionic compounds

Chapter 3 Ionic compounds Chapter 3 Ionic compounds 3.1 Ions Atoms have the ability to gain or loose electrons and become ions. Ion: an electrically charged atom or group of atoms. Cation: an atom that has lost one or more electrons

More information

Predicting Products Look at the following reactions and do the following:

Predicting Products Look at the following reactions and do the following: Predicting Products Look at the following reactions and do the following: 1) Identify the reaction as C, S, D, SD, DD, or AB 2) If it is a S or D, identify it as: a. hydroxide b. carbonate c. chlorate

More information

AP Chemistry Ch. 2 Section 2.8 Notes Naming Simple Compounds. Naming Binary Compounds Binary Compounds: compounds composed of two elements.

AP Chemistry Ch. 2 Section 2.8 Notes Naming Simple Compounds. Naming Binary Compounds Binary Compounds: compounds composed of two elements. AP Chemistry Ch. 2 Section 2.8 Notes Naming Simple Compounds Naming Binary Compounds Binary Compounds: compounds composed of two elements. Binary Ionic Compounds (Type I) Binary ionic compounds contain

More information

Inorganic Nomenclature

Inorganic Nomenclature Inorganic Nomenclature Chem 1-A Lab Lecture Spring 010 Chemical Formulas: the acronyms of chemistry Composed of element symbols, subscripts and sometimes parentheses Subscripts tell the number of atoms

More information

Unit 4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Unit 4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry Unit 4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry Upon successful completion of this unit, the students should be able to: 4.1 Define the terms solute, solvent, and solution. 1. Define solute.

More information

Chemical Names & Formulas

Chemical Names & Formulas Chemical Names & Formulas Name: Period: Date: I. REVIEWING IONS 1. = atom or a group of bonded atoms with a positive or negative charge. 2. = ion with a POSITIVE (+) charge. a) Forms when an atom LOSES

More information

Chemistry Chapter 7. Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds

Chemistry Chapter 7. Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds Chemistry Chapter 7 Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds Heart cell rhythm depends on the opening and closing of a complex series of valves on the cell membrane, called ion channels. Some valves let

More information

Electron (2) (2,8) (2,8,8) configuration :

Electron (2) (2,8) (2,8,8) configuration : 5. CHEMICAL BONDING All particles are held together by chemical bonds of some kind. Water molecules are made up to two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom always. The three atoms are held together by chemical

More information

3 Reactions in Aqueous Solution

3 Reactions in Aqueous Solution 3 Reactions in Aqueous Solution Notes: Concentration can be measured in terms of molarity (M). moles of solute Molarity = also Liters of solution moles of solute = (Molarity) (Liters of solution) M O L

More information

Reactions. Balancing Chemical Equations uses Law of conservation of mass: matter cannot be lost in any chemical reaction

Reactions. Balancing Chemical Equations uses Law of conservation of mass: matter cannot be lost in any chemical reaction Reactions Chapter 8 Combustion Decomposition Combination Chapter 9 Aqueous Reactions Exchange reactions (Metathesis) Formation of a precipitate Formation of a gas Formation of a week or nonelectrolyte

More information

Test 3 Formula and math of formula review. 2. The oxide of metal X has the formula XO. Which group in the Periodic Table contains metal X?

Test 3 Formula and math of formula review. 2. The oxide of metal X has the formula XO. Which group in the Periodic Table contains metal X? Name: Sunday, November 04, 2007 Test 3 Formula and math of formula review 1. Which is an example of a binary compound? 1. acetic acid 3. potassium hydroxide 2. nitric acid 4. potassium oxide 2. The oxide

More information

Chapter 5 - Molecules and Compounds

Chapter 5 - Molecules and Compounds Chapter 5 - Molecules and Compounds How do we represent molecules? In pictures In formula In name Ionic compounds Molecular compounds On the course website, you will find a list of ions that I would like

More information

Chem What should I know already?

Chem What should I know already? Chem 400 What should I know already? Many students mistakenly believe that Chem 400 is an introductory course, one that can be taken without having taken any chemistry courses in the past. This is not

More information

Chemical Formulas & Naming Simple Compounds. Lecture 8

Chemical Formulas & Naming Simple Compounds. Lecture 8 Chemical Formulas & Naming Simple Compounds Lecture 8 Chemical formulas The formula for a compound indicates the combination of the elements that compose it. Can be as simple as that for one or two atoms

More information

Formulae, Equations & Formula Mass

Formulae, Equations & Formula Mass St Peter the Apostle High School Chemistry Department Formulae, Equations & Formula Mass N4 & N5 Homework Questions Answer questions as directed by your teacher. National 4 level questions are first followed

More information

Ionic Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Prelab. 4. Identify the cation and anion, with charges, in each compound in question 3.

Ionic Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Prelab. 4. Identify the cation and anion, with charges, in each compound in question 3. Ionic Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Prelab Name Total /10 SHOW ALL WORK NO WORK = NO CREDIT 1. What is the purpose of this experiment? 2. Give the definition of a precipitation reaction. 3. Using the

More information

B. Elements: We cannot determine how many electrons are lost for the elements b/c their in their valence electrons can change.

B. Elements: We cannot determine how many electrons are lost for the elements b/c their in their valence electrons can change. Unit 6 Notepack: Chapters 9 &10 Chemical Quantities 9.1 Naming Ions NAME Period: A. ions: Ions made of single. B. Elements: There is a pattern in predicting how many electrons are lost and gained for the

More information

Solution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise

Solution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise Example Exercise 8.1 Evidence for a Reaction Which of the following is experimental evidence for a chemical reaction? (a) Pouring vinegar on baking soda gives foamy bubbles. (b) Mixing two solutions produces

More information

Naming ions and chemical compounds Worksheet #1. a. iodide ion b. barium ion c. mercury(ii) ion. d. Tin(IV) ion e. Phosphide ion f.

Naming ions and chemical compounds Worksheet #1. a. iodide ion b. barium ion c. mercury(ii) ion. d. Tin(IV) ion e. Phosphide ion f. Naming ions and chemical compounds Worksheet #1 Write the symbol for each ion. Be sure to include the charge. a. iodide ion b. barium ion c. mercury(ii) ion d. Tin(IV) ion e. Phosphide ion f. Silver ion

More information

Unit 2. Molar Mass Worksheet

Unit 2. Molar Mass Worksheet Unit 2 Molar Mass Worksheet Calculate the molar masses of the following chemicals: 1) Cl 2 8) UF 6 2) KOH 9) SO 2 3) BeCl 2 10) H 3 PO 4 4) FeCl 3 11) (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 5) BF 3 12) CH 3 COOH 6) CCl 2 F 2

More information

Chapter 4 Notes - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry

Chapter 4 Notes - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry AP Chemistry A. Allan Chapter 4 Notes - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry 4.1 Water, the Common Solvent A. Structure of water 1. Oxygen's electronegativity is high (3.5) and hydrogen's

More information

Chemical Names & Formulas

Chemical Names & Formulas Chemical Names & Formulas Name: Period: Date: I. WRITING IONIC FORMULAS 1. are formed by two ions of opposite charge ( are + and are -) and that they are held together by a relatively weak attraction between

More information

Experiment 5: Studying Chemical Reactions

Experiment 5: Studying Chemical Reactions 1 Experiment 5: Studying Chemical Reactions When a chemical reaction occurs, substances called reactants are transformed into different substances called products that may have different appearances and

More information

CHAPTER 9. 9.1 Naming Ions. Chemical Names and Formulas. Naming Transition Metals. Ions of Transition Metals. Ions of Transition Metals

CHAPTER 9. 9.1 Naming Ions. Chemical Names and Formulas. Naming Transition Metals. Ions of Transition Metals. Ions of Transition Metals CHAPTER 9 Chemical Names and Formulas 9.1 Naming Ions Monatomic Ions: a single atom with a positive or negative charge Cation (rules): listed first Anion (rules): ide ending Transition Metals have a varying

More information

Binary Ionic Compounds

Binary Ionic Compounds Binary Ionic Compounds The first formulas of compounds you will write are for binary ionic compounds. A binary compound is one that is composed of two elements. Before you can write a formula, you must

More information

Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds

Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds Chapter 5 Page 1 Chapter 5: Molecules and Compounds Compounds-a pure substance composed of more than one type of where the combine chemically infixed, definite proportions. Contrast a compoundto a mixturewhere

More information

NAME DATE CLASS TEST DATE:

NAME DATE CLASS TEST DATE: NAME DATE CLASS 1 TEST DATE: NAME DATE CLASS 2 Vocabulary Chapter 11 Chemical Bonds Binary compound Chemical bond Chemical formula Chemically stable Corrosive Covalent bond Hydrate Ion Ionic bond Nonpolar

More information

Soluble salts in solution!

Soluble salts in solution! 5 Chemical Reactions 5.1 Exchange Reactions: Precipitation and Net Ionic Equations (p. 165) An is a compound whose aqueous solution conducts electricity. electrolytes are solutes that exist in solution

More information

Chemical Formulas and Equations Lesson 1: Interpretation of Chemical Formulas

Chemical Formulas and Equations Lesson 1: Interpretation of Chemical Formulas Lesson 1: Interpretation of Chemical Formulas Introduction Chemical formulas are used to represent the compositions of elements and compounds (pure substances). A chemical formula expresses the qualitative

More information

Nomenclature Packet. 1. Name the following ionic compounds: a. Al 2 O 3 Aluminum oxide. b. Cs 2 O Cesium oxide. c. Rb 3 N Rubidium nitride

Nomenclature Packet. 1. Name the following ionic compounds: a. Al 2 O 3 Aluminum oxide. b. Cs 2 O Cesium oxide. c. Rb 3 N Rubidium nitride Nomenclature Packet Worksheet I: Binary Ionic Compounds (representative metals) metals from groups 1A, 2A, and 3A (1, 2, and 13) have constant charges as ions and do NOT get Roman Numerals in their names

More information

Classification of Ionic and Molecular Compounds and their Nomenclature

Classification of Ionic and Molecular Compounds and their Nomenclature Classification of Ionic and Molecular Compounds and their Nomenclature Prelab Read the entire laboratory write up. Write an objective and answer the following questions in your laboratory notebook before

More information