Moles, Molecules, and Grams Worksheet Answer Key


 Kathlyn Richard
 7 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1
2
3 Moles, Molecules, and Grams Worksheet Answer Key 1) How many are there in 24 grams of FeF 3? 1.28 x ) How many are there in 450 grams of Na 2 SO 4? 1.91 x ) How many grams are there in 2.3 x atoms of silver? 421 grams 4) How many grams are there in 7.4 x of AgNO 3? 209 grams 5) How many grams are there in 7.5 x of H 2 SO 4? 122 grams 6) How many are there in 122 grams of Cu(NO 3 ) 2? 3.92 x ) How many grams are there in 9.4 x of H 2? 312 grams 8) How many are there in 230 grams of CoCl 2? 1.07 x ) How many are there in 2.3 grams of NH 4 SO 2? 1.69 x ) How many grams are there in 3.3 x of N 2 I 6? 430 grams 11) How many are there in 200 grams of CCl 4? 7.82 x ) How many grams are there in 1 x of BCl 3? 195 grams 13) How many grams are there in 4.5 x of Ba(NO 2 ) 2? 17.1 grams 14) How many are there in 9.34 grams of LiCl? 1.33 x ) How many grams do 4.3 x of UF 6 weigh? 2.51 grams 16) How many are there in 230 grams of NH 4 OH? 3.96 x Cavalcade Publishing All Rights Reserved For chemistry help, visit
4 Molar Mass Worksheet Answer Key Calculate the molar masses of the following chemicals: 1) Cl 2 71 g/mol 2) KOH 56.1 g/mol 3) BeCl 2 80 g/mol 4) FeCl g/mol 5) BF g/mol 6) CCl 2 F g/mol 7) Mg(OH) g/mol 8) UF g/mol 9) SO g/mol 10) H 3 PO 4 98 g/mol 11) (NH 4 ) 2 SO g/mol 12) CH 3 COOH 60 g/mol 13) Pb(NO 3 ) g/mol 14) Ga 2 (SO 3 ) g/mol 2000 Cavalcade Publishing All Rights Reserved For chemistry help, visit
5 Worksheet Mole Conversions Name: I. Practice Problems A. What is the mass of 1 mole (molar mass) of: Answers in g/mole 1. H Mg(OH) CO NH 4 Cl CuSO AgNO B. Convert from grams to moles, or moles to grams 1. How many moles is 12.5 g of magnesium hydroxide?.214 moles 2. How many moles is 1.46 g of hydrogen gas (H 2 )?.724 moles 3. How many grams are in 4.3 moles of ammonium chloride? 230 grams C. Convert from moles to, or to moles 1. How many are in 2.0 moles of hydrogen gas (H 2 )? x How many moles is 2.0 x of silver nitrate? 33.2 moles D. How many atoms of oxygen are in 2.4 x of copper(ii) sulfate? 9.6 x10 23 atoms of oxygen II. Application Problems A. How many are in 96 g of carbon dioxide? 1.31x10 24 B. How many oxygen atoms are in 96 g of CO 2? x10 24 atoms C. How many grams would 1.0 x of copper(ii) sulfate weigh? 2650 grams D. How much does each individual molecule of copper(ii) sulfate weigh? amu s
6 Mole Calculation Worksheet Answer Key 1) How many moles are in 15 grams of lithium? 0.46 moles 2) How many grams are in 2.4 moles of sulfur? 77.0 grams 3) How many moles are in 22 grams of argon? 0.55 moles 4) How many grams are in 88.1 moles of magnesium? 2141 grams 5) How many moles are in 2.3 grams of phosphorus? moles 6) How many grams are in 11.9 moles of chromium? grams 7) How many moles are in 9.8 grams of calcium? 0.24 moles 8) How many grams are in 238 moles of arsenic? 17,826 grams What are the molecular weights of the following compounds? 9) NaOH 40.1 grams 12) H 3 PO grams 10) H 2 O 18.0 grams 13) Mn 2 Se grams 11) MgCl grams 14) (NH 4 ) 2 SO grams 15) How many grams are in 4.5 moles of sodium fluoride, NaF? 189 grams 16) How many moles are in 98.3 grams of aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH) 3? 1.26 moles 17) How many grams are in 0.02 moles of beryllium iodide, BeI 2? 5.2 grams 18) How many moles are in 68 grams of copper (II) hydroxide, Cu(OH) 2? 0.70 moles 19) How many grams are in 3.3 moles of potassium sulfide, K 2 S? grams 20) How many moles are in 1.2 x 10 3 grams of ammonia, NH 3? 70.6 moles 21) How many grams are in 2.3 x 104 moles of calcium phosphate, Ca 3 (PO 3 ) 2? grams 22) How many moles are in 3.4 x 107 grams of silicon dioxide, SiO 2? 5.66 x 109 moles 23) How many grams are in 1.11 moles of manganese sulfate, Mn 3 (SO 4 ) 7? grams 2000 Cavalcade Publishing All Rights Reserved For chemistry help, visit
7 Grams/Moles Calculations Answer Key Given the following, find the number of moles: 1) 30 grams of H 3 PO moles 2) 25 grams of HF 1.25 moles 3) 110 grams of NaHCO moles 4) 1.1 grams of FeCl moles 5) 987 grams of Ra(OH) moles 6) 564 grams of copper 0.11 moles 7) 12.3 grams of CO moles 8) 89 grams of Pb(CH 3 COO) moles Given the following, find the number of grams: 9) 4 moles of Cu(CN) grams 10) 5.6 moles of C 6 H grams 11) 21.3 moles of BaCO grams 12) 1.2 moles of (NH 4 ) 3 PO grams 13) 9.3 x 103 moles of SmO 1.5 grams 14) 6.6 moles of ZnO grams 15) 5.4 moles of K 2 SO grams 16) 88.4 moles of NI grams 2000 Cavalcade Publishing All Rights Reserved For chemistry help, visit
8 Mass and Moles Worksheet  Answers 1. How many moles in 34.2 g of sulfur? 1.07 mol S 2. How many grams in 1.20 moles of carbon? 14.4g C 3. How many atoms in 3.91 moles of sodium? 2.35 x atoms Na 4. How many atoms in moles of strontium? 2.72 x atoms Sr 5. How many in 31 g of chlorine gas? 2.6 x Cl 2 6. How many nitrogen atoms in 3.4 moles of ammonia? 2.0 x atoms N 7. What mass would 4.52 x of water have? 135g H 2 O 8. How many oxygen atoms in 2.3 x 108 g of oxygen? 8.7 x atoms O 9. How may atoms in 1.00 ounce of pure gold? 8.65 x atoms Au 10. How many sugar (C 12 H 22 O 11 ) could you make from 1.0 pound of carbon? 1.9 x C 12 H 22 O What is the mass of 4.00 moles of sugar? 1370g sugar 12. How many moles of sulfate ions would be released if 2.5 moles of aluminum sulfate were dissolved in water? 7.5 mol SO What is the mass of 1.2 x 103 moles of sodium chloride? 0.070g NaCl 14. How many formula units of NaCl are there in 3.55 x 106 g of salt? 3.65 x formula units NaCl 15. How many Volkswagons are there in 2 moles of Volkswagons? 1 x VW s
9
10
11 Percentage Composition Worksheet Give the % composition of all elements in these compounds. Show all work! 1) ammonium sulfite (NH 4 ) 2 SO 3 % N % H % S 2) aluminum acetate Al(C 2 H 3 O 2 ) 3 % Al % C % H 3) sodium bromide NaBr % Na % Br 4) copper (II) hydroxide Cu(OH) 2 % Cu % H 5) magnesium carbonate MgCO 3 % Mg % C
12 6) iron (II) phosphate Fe 3 (PO 4 ) 2 % Fe % P 7) beryllium nitride Be 3 N 2 % Be % N 8) potassium cyanide KCN % K % C % N 9) manganese (III) nitrate Mn(NO 3 ) 3 % Mn % N 10) lithium phosphide Li 3 P % Li % P 11) nickel (III) sulfate Ni 2 (SO 4 ) 3 % Ni % S
Molar Mass Worksheet Answer Key
Molar Mass Worksheet Answer Key Calculate the molar masses of the following chemicals: 1) Cl 2 71 g/mol 2) KOH 56.1 g/mol 3) BeCl 2 80 g/mol 4) FeCl 3 162.3 g/mol 5) BF 3 67.8 g/mol 6) CCl 2 F 2 121 g/mol
More informationStudy Guide For Chapter 7
Name: Class: Date: ID: A Study Guide For Chapter 7 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The number of atoms in a mole of any pure substance
More informationSCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001
SCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001 1. A small pin contains 0.0178 mol of iron. How many atoms of iron are in the pin? 2. A sample
More informationBalancing Chemical Equations Worksheet
Balancing Chemical Equations Worksheet Student Instructions 1. Identify the reactants and products and write a word equation. 2. Write the correct chemical formula for each of the reactants and the products.
More informationMOLES AND MOLE CALCULATIONS
35 MOLES ND MOLE CLCULTIONS INTRODUCTION The purpose of this section is to present some methods for calculating both how much of each reactant is used in a chemical reaction, and how much of each product
More informationb. N 2 H 4 c. aluminum oxalate d. acetic acid e. arsenic PART 2: MOLAR MASS 2. Determine the molar mass for each of the following. a. ZnI 2 b.
CHEMISTRY DISCOVER UNIT 5 LOTS OF PRACTICE ON USING THE MOLE!!! PART 1: ATOMIC MASS, FORMULA MASS, OR MOLECULAR MASS 1. Determine the atomic mass, formula mass, or molecular mass for each of the following
More information= 11.0 g (assuming 100 washers is exact).
CHAPTER 8 1. 100 washers 0.110 g 1 washer 100. g 1 washer 0.110 g = 11.0 g (assuming 100 washers is exact). = 909 washers 2. The empirical formula is CFH from the structure given. The empirical formula
More informationPeriodic Table, Valency and Formula
Periodic Table, Valency and Formula Origins of the Periodic Table Mendelѐѐv in 1869 proposed that a relationship existed between the chemical properties of elements and their atomic masses. He noticed
More informationMoles. Moles. Moles. Moles. Balancing Eqns. Balancing. Balancing Eqns. Symbols Yields or Produces. Like a recipe:
Like a recipe: Balancing Eqns Reactants Products 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(l) coefficients subscripts Balancing Eqns Balancing Symbols (s) (l) (aq) (g) or Yields or Produces solid liquid (pure liquid)
More informationProblem Solving. Mole Concept
Skills Worksheet Problem Solving Mole Concept Suppose you want to carry out a reaction that requires combining one atom of iron with one atom of sulfur. How much iron should you use? How much sulfur? When
More informationName: Class: Date: 2 4 (aq)
Name: Class: Date: Unit 4 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The balanced molecular equation for complete neutralization of
More informationMOLECULAR MASS AND FORMULA MASS
1 MOLECULAR MASS AND FORMULA MASS Molecular mass = sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the molecule. Formula mass = sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the formula unit. 2 MOLECULAR MASS AND
More informationUnit 10A Stoichiometry Notes
Unit 10A Stoichiometry Notes Stoichiometry is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More informationneutrons are present?
AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 Atomic Structure 1. a) For the ion 39 K +, state how many electrons, how many protons, and how many 19 neutrons are present? b) Which of these particles has the smallest
More informationChapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
Chapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Student: 1. An atom of bromine has a mass about four times greater than that of an atom of neon. Which choice makes the correct comparison of the relative
More informationDecomposition. Composition
Decomposition 1. Solid ammonium carbonate is heated. 2. Solid calcium carbonate is heated. 3. Solid calcium sulfite is heated in a vacuum. Composition 1. Barium oxide is added to distilled water. 2. Phosphorus
More informationPART I: MULTIPLE CHOICE (30 multiple choice questions. Each multiple choice question is worth 2 points)
CHEMISTRY 12307 Midterm #1 Answer key October 14, 2010 Statistics: Average: 74 p (74%); Highest: 97 p (95%); Lowest: 33 p (33%) Number of students performing at or above average: 67 (57%) Number of students
More informationU3LM2BWS Molar Mass and Conversions
U3LM2BWS Molar Mass and Conversions Name: KEY 1. The molar mass of chlorine is: 2 x 35.45 g/mol Cl = 70.90 g/mol Cl 2 (Remember that chlorine exists as a diatomic molecule in nature) 2. The molar mass
More informationNAMING QUIZ 3  Part A Name: 1. Zinc (II) Nitrate. 5. Silver (I) carbonate. 6. Aluminum acetate. 8. Iron (III) hydroxide
NAMING QUIZ 3  Part A Name: Write the formulas for the following compounds: 1. Zinc (II) Nitrate 2. Manganese (IV) sulfide 3. Barium permanganate 4. Sulfuric acid 5. Silver (I) carbonate 6. Aluminum acetate
More informationMonatomic Ions. A. Monatomic Ions In order to determine the charge of monatomic ions, you can use the periodic table as a guide:
Monatomic Ions Ions are atoms that have either lost or gained electrons. While atoms are neutral, ions are charged particles. A loss of electrons results in a positive ion or cation (pronounced cateyeon
More informationCalculating Molar Mass of a Compound
Instructions for Conversion Problems For every conversion problem Write the number in the problem down with unit and a multiplication sign Decide which conversion factor you should use, Avagadro s or molar
More informationHOMEWORK 4A. Definitions. OxidationReduction Reactions. Questions
HOMEWORK 4A OxidationReduction Reactions 1. Indicate whether a reaction will occur or not in each of following. Wtiring a balcnced equation is not necessary. (a) Magnesium metal is added to hydrochloric
More informationChemical Composition Review Mole Calculations Percent Composition. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8 1
Chemical Composition Review Mole Calculations Percent Composition Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 8 1 QUESTION Suppose you work in a hardware store and a customer wants to purchase 500
More informationNaming Compounds Handout Key
Naming Compounds Handout Key p. 2 Name each of the following monatomic cations: Li + = lithium ion Ag + = silver ion Cd +2 = cadmium ion Cu +2 = copper (II) ion Al +3 = aluminum ion Mg +2 = magnesium ion
More informationUnit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test
Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test NAME Section 7.1 The Mole: A Measurement of Matter A. What is a mole? 1. Chemistry is a quantitative science. What does this term mean?
More informationW1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY
INTRODUCTION W1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY These notes and exercises are designed to introduce you to the basic concepts required to understand a chemical formula or equation. Relative atomic masses of
More informationProblem Solving. Percentage Composition
Skills Worksheet Problem Solving Percentage Composition Suppose you are working in an industrial laboratory. Your supervisor gives you a bottle containing a white crystalline compound and asks you to determine
More informationChem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses
Chem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses B. Calculations of moles C. Calculations of number of atoms from moles/molar masses 1. Avagadro
More information1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of Al is. Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) 3 (s) + H 2 (g)
1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of Al is. Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) (s) + H 2 (g) A) 1 B) 2 C) 4 D) 5 E) Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) (s) + H 2 (g) Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH)
More informationCalculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles
TEKS REVIEW 8B Calculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles TEKS 8B READINESS Use the mole concept to calculate the number of atoms, ions, or molecules in a sample TEKS_TXT of material. Vocabulary
More informationStoichiometry Review
Stoichiometry Review There are 20 problems in this review set. Answers, including problem setup, can be found in the second half of this document. 1. N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) > 2NH 3 (g) a. nitrogen
More informationHow much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique.
How much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique. What units do we use to define the weight of an atom? amu units of atomic weight. (atomic
More informationName: Block: Date: Test Review: Chapter 8 Ionic Bonding
Name: Block: Date: Test Review: Chapter 8 Ionic Bonding Part 1: Fillintheblank. Choose the word from the word bank below. Each word may be used only 1 time. electron dot structure metallic electronegativity
More informationWRITING CHEMICAL FORMULA
WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULA For ionic compounds, the chemical formula must be worked out. You will no longer have the list of ions in the exam (like at GCSE). Instead you must learn some and work out others.
More informationChemistry PostEnrolment Worksheet
Name: Chemistry PostEnrolment Worksheet The purpose of this worksheet is to get you to recap some of the fundamental concepts that you studied at GCSE and introduce some of the concepts that will be part
More informationCHEMICAL NAMES AND FORMULAS
9 CHEMICAL NAMES AND FORMULAS SECTION 9.1 NAMING IONS (pages 253 258) This section explains the use of the periodic table to determine the charge of an ion. It also defines polyatomic ion and gives the
More informationSolution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise
Example Exercise 9.1 Atomic Mass and Avogadro s Number Refer to the atomic masses in the periodic table inside the front cover of this textbook. State the mass of Avogadro s number of atoms for each of
More informationTutorial 2 FORMULAS, PERCENTAGE COMPOSITION, AND THE MOLE
T6 Tutorial 2 FORMULAS, PERCENTAGE COMPOSITION, AND THE MOLE FORMULAS: A chemical formula shows the elemental composition of a substance: the chemical symbols show what elements are present and the numerical
More informationDescription of the Mole Concept:
Description of the Mole Concept: Suppose you were sent into the store to buy 36 eggs. When you picked them up you would get 3 boxes, each containing 12 eggs. You just used a mathematical device, called
More informationThe Mole. Chapter 2. Solutions for Practice Problems
Chapter 2 The Mole Note to teacher: You will notice that there are two different formats for the Sample Problems in the student textbook. Where appropriate, the Sample Problem contains the full set of
More informationCh. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions
Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions I II III IV A. What is the Mole? A counting number (like a dozen) Avogadro s number (N A ) 1 mole = 6.022 10 23 representative particles B. Mole/Particle Conversions
More informationNomenclature Packet. 1. Name the following ionic compounds: a. Al 2 O 3 Aluminum oxide. b. Cs 2 O Cesium oxide. c. Rb 3 N Rubidium nitride
Nomenclature Packet Worksheet I: Binary Ionic Compounds (representative metals) metals from groups 1A, 2A, and 3A (1, 2, and 13) have constant charges as ions and do NOT get Roman Numerals in their names
More informationUnit 6. Chapter 10: The MOLE! Date In Class Homework. % Composition & Calculating Empirical Formulas
Date In Class Homework 10/22 Thur Counting By Mass Lab 10/23 Fri (mole day!!!) THE MOLE! in room 137 10/26 Mon (LSM) More on the Mole Watch empirical and molecular formula video. 10/27 Tue % Composition
More information7) How many electrons are in the second energy level for an atom of N? A) 5 B) 6 C) 4 D) 8
HOMEWORK CHEM 107 Chapter 3 Compounds Putting Particles Together 3.1 MultipleChoice 1) How many electrons are in the highest energy level of sulfur? A) 2 B) 4 C) 6 D) 8 2) An atom of phosphorous has how
More informationChemistry Themed. Types of Reactions
Chemistry Themed Types of Reactions 1 2 Chemistry in the Community20152016 Types of Reactions Date InClass Assignment Homework T 10/20 TEST on Reactivity of Metals and Redox None W 10/21 Late Start
More informationCalculation of Molar Masses. Molar Mass. Solutions. Solutions
Molar Mass Molar mass = Mass in grams of one mole of any element, numerically equal to its atomic weight Molar mass of molecules can be determined from the chemical formula and molar masses of elements
More informationSYMBOLS, FORMULAS AND MOLAR MASSES
SYMBOLS, FORMULAS AND MOLAR MASSES OBJECTIVES 1. To correctly write and interpret chemical formulas 2. To calculate molecular weights from chemical formulas 3. To calculate moles from grams using chemical
More informationChemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas. AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
1 Introduction to Chemistry Atomic Weights (Definitions) Chemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
More informationMultiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Introduction to Chemistry Exam 2 Practice Problems 1 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1.Atoms consist principally of what three
More informationChemical Proportions in Compounds
Chapter 6 Chemical Proportions in Compounds Solutions for Practice Problems Student Textbook page 201 1. Problem A sample of a compound is analyzed and found to contain 0.90 g of calcium and 1.60 g of
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter 6. Substances that cannot be decomposed into two or more simpler substances by chemical means are called a. pure substances. b. compounds. c. molecules. d. elements.
More informationTOPIC 7. CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS I  atomic and formula weights.
TOPIC 7. CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS I  atomic and formula weights. Atomic structure revisited. In Topic 2, atoms were described as ranging from the simplest atom, H, containing a single proton and usually
More informationUnit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues)
Unit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues) is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More informationChapter 1: Moles and equations. Learning outcomes. you should be able to:
Chapter 1: Moles and equations 1 Learning outcomes you should be able to: define and use the terms: relative atomic mass, isotopic mass and formula mass based on the 12 C scale perform calculations, including
More informationUnit 2: Quantities in Chemistry
Mass, Moles, & Molar Mass Relative quantities of isotopes in a natural occurring element (%) E.g. Carbon has 2 isotopes C12 and C13. Of Carbon s two isotopes, there is 98.9% C12 and 11.1% C13. Find
More informationChapter 4. Chemical Composition. Chapter 4 Topics H 2 S. 4.1 Mole Quantities. The Mole Scale. Molar Mass The Mass of 1 Mole
Chapter 4 Chemical Composition Chapter 4 Topics 1. Mole Quantities 2. Moles, Masses, and Particles 3. Determining Empirical Formulas 4. Chemical Composition of Solutions Copyright The McGrawHill Companies,
More informationATOMS. Multiple Choice Questions
Chapter 3 ATOMS AND MOLECULES Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following correctly represents 360 g of water? (i) 2 moles of H 2 0 (ii) 20 moles of water (iii) 6.022 10 23 molecules of water (iv)
More informationPolyatomic Ions Worksheet. 2. Name or write the formula for the following Type I polyatomic ionic compounds
Polyatomic Ions Worksheet Polyatomic Practice 1. Name or write the formula for the following polyatomic ions sulfate  CO nitrite MnO perphosphate  SO hypoiodite BrO chlorite  CO phosphite  PO percarbonate
More information19.2 Chemical Formulas
In the previous section, you learned how and why atoms form chemical bonds with one another. You also know that atoms combine in certain ratios with other atoms. These ratios determine the chemical formula
More informationBalancing Chemical Equations Practice
Science Objectives Students will describe what reactants and products in a chemical equation mean. Students will explain the difference between coefficients and subscripts in chemical equations. Students
More informationMole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014
1 2 How do chemists count atoms/formula units/molecules? How do we go from the atomic scale to the scale of everyday measurements (macroscopic scale)? The gateway is the mole! But before we get to the
More informationTopic 4 National Chemistry Summary Notes. Formulae, Equations, Balancing Equations and The Mole
Topic 4 National Chemistry Summary Notes Formulae, Equations, Balancing Equations and The Mole LI 1 The chemical formula of a covalent molecular compound tells us the number of atoms of each element present
More informationMoles. Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations
Moles Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations Micro World atoms & molecules Macro World grams Atomic mass is the mass of an
More informationBalancing Chemical Equations
Balancing Chemical Equations Academic Success Center Science Tutoring Area Science Tutoring Area Law of Conservation of Mass Matter cannot be created nor destroyed Therefore the number of each type of
More informationExam 2 Chemistry 65 Summer 2015. Score:
Name: Exam 2 Chemistry 65 Summer 2015 Score: Instructions: Clearly circle the one best answer 1. Valence electrons are electrons located A) in the outermost energy level of an atom. B) in the nucleus of
More informationEnglish already has many collective nouns for fixed, given numbers of objects. Some of the more common collective nouns are shown in Table 7.1.
96 Chapter 7: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Chemical Reactions Chemical reactions are written showing a few individual atoms or molecules reacting to form a few atoms or molecules of products.
More informationUNIT (4) CALCULATIONS AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS
UNIT (4) CALCULATIONS AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.1 Formula Masses Recall that the decimal number written under the symbol of the element in the periodic table is the atomic mass of the element. 1 7 8 12
More informationDavid A. Katz Chemist, Educator, Science Communicator, and Consultant Department of Chemistry, Pima Community College
WRITING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS 2004, 2002, 1989 by David A. Katz. All rights reserved. Permission for classroom used provided original copyright is included. David A. Katz Chemist, Educator, Science Communicator,
More informationIB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review
DP Chemistry Review Topic 1: Quantitative chemistry 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro s constant Assessment statement Apply the mole concept to substances. Determine the number of particles and the amount
More informationFormulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept
3 Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept Content 3.1 Symbols, Formulae and Chemical equations 3.2 Concept of Relative Mass 3.3 Mole Concept and Stoichiometry Learning Outcomes Candidates should be
More informationIB Chemistry 1 Mole. One atom of C12 has a mass of 12 amu. One mole of C12 has a mass of 12 g. Grams we can use more easily.
The Mole Atomic mass units and atoms are not convenient units to work with. The concept of the mole was invented. This was the number of atoms of carbon12 that were needed to make 12 g of carbon. 1 mole
More informationStoichiometry. Lecture Examples Answer Key
Stoichiometry Lecture Examples Answer Key Ex. 1 Balance the following chemical equations: 3 NaBr + 1 H 3 PO 4 3 HBr + 1 Na 3 PO 4 2 C 3 H 5 N 3 O 9 6 CO 2 + 3 N 2 + 5 H 2 O + 9 O 2 2 Ca(OH) 2 + 2 SO 2
More informationAnswers and Solutions to Text Problems
Chapter 7 Answers and Solutions 7 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems 7.1 A mole is the amount of a substance that contains 6.02 x 10 23 items. For example, one mole of water contains 6.02 10 23 molecules
More informationCHEM 1411 General Chemistry I Practice Problems, Chapters 1 3
CHEM 1411 General Chemistry I Practice Problems, Chapters 1 3 Chapter 1 Chemistry: The Study of Change 1. Element, compound, homogeneous mixture (solution), or heterogeneous mixture: a) orange juice b)
More informationWriting and Balancing Chemical Equations
Name Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations Period When a substance undergoes a chemical reaction, chemical bonds are broken and new bonds are formed. This results in one or more new substances, often
More informationChapter 5, Calculations and the Chemical Equation
1. How many iron atoms are present in one mole of iron? Ans. 6.02 1023 atoms 2. How many grams of sulfur are found in 0.150 mol of sulfur? [Use atomic weight: S, 32.06 amu] Ans. 4.81 g 3. How many moles
More informationAqueous Solutions. Water is the dissolving medium, or solvent. Some Properties of Water. A Solute. Types of Chemical Reactions.
Aqueous Solutions and Solution Stoichiometry Water is the dissolving medium, or solvent. Some Properties of Water Water is bent or Vshaped. The OH bonds are covalent. Water is a polar molecule. Hydration
More informationCHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. atoms in a FORMULA UNIT
CHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations MOLECULAR WEIGHT (M. W.) Sum of the Atomic Weights of all atoms in a MOLECULE of a substance. FORMULA WEIGHT (F. W.) Sum of the atomic Weights
More informationAPPENDIX B: EXERCISES
BUILDING CHEMISTRY LABORATORY SESSIONS APPENDIX B: EXERCISES Molecular mass, the mole, and mass percent Relative atomic and molecular mass Relative atomic mass (A r ) is a constant that expresses the ratio
More informationExercise 3.5  Naming Binary Covalent Compounds:
Chapter Exercise Key 1 Chapter Exercise Key Exercise.1 Classifying Compounds: Classify each of the following substances as either a molecular compound or an ionic compound. a. formaldehyde, CH 2 O (used
More informationTutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY. Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution.
T27 Tutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution. Of the various methods of expressing solution concentration the most convenient
More informationThe Mole. 6.022 x 10 23
The Mole 6.022 x 10 23 Background: atomic masses Look at the atomic masses on the periodic table. What do these represent? E.g. the atomic mass of Carbon is 12.01 (atomic # is 6) We know there are 6 protons
More informationCHAPTER 5: MOLECULES AND COMPOUNDS
CHAPTER 5: MOLECULES AND COMPOUNDS Problems: 16, 913, 16, 20, 3140, 4364, 65 (a,b,c,e), 66(ad,f), 69(ad,f), 70(ae), 7178, 8182, 8796 A compound will display the same properties (e.g. melting
More informationStoichiometry. Unit Outline
3 Stoichiometry Unit Outline 3.1 The Mole and Molar Mass 3.2 Stoichiometry and Compound Formulas 3.3 Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions 3.4 Stoichiometry and Limiting Reactants 3.5 Chemical Analysis
More informationChemistry: Chemical Equations
Chemistry: Chemical Equations Write a balanced chemical equation for each word equation. Include the phase of each substance in the equation. Classify the reaction as synthesis, decomposition, single replacement,
More informationChemical Equations & Stoichiometry
Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry Chapter Goals Balance equations for simple chemical reactions. Perform stoichiometry calculations using balanced chemical equations. Understand the meaning of the term
More informationCHEMICAL FORMULAS AND FORMULA WEIGHT CALCULATIONS
CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND FORMULA WEIGHT CALCULATIONS 1. THE MEANING OF A CHEMICAL FORMULA A chemical formula is a shorthand method of representing the elements in a compound. The formula shows the formulas
More informationSolution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise
Example Exercise 8.1 Evidence for a Reaction Which of the following is experimental evidence for a chemical reaction? (a) Pouring vinegar on baking soda gives foamy bubbles. (b) Mixing two solutions produces
More informationName period Unit 3 worksheet
Name period Unit 3 worksheet Read chapter 8, 2.52.7 1. Explain the difference between metallic, ionic, and covalent bonding Metallic cations share a sea of electrons Ionic atoms give and take electrons
More informationChapter 17. The best buffer choice for ph 7 is NaH 2 PO 4 /Na 2 HPO 4. 19)
Chapter 17 2) a) HCl and CH 3 COOH are both acids. A buffer must have an acid/base conjugate pair. b) NaH 2 PO 4 and Na 2 HPO 4 are an acid/base conjugate pair. They will make an excellent buffer. c) H
More informationLecture 5, The Mole. What is a mole?
Lecture 5, The Mole What is a mole? Moles Atomic mass unit and the mole amu definition: 12 C = 12 amu. The atomic mass unit is defined this way. 1 amu = 1.6605 x 1024 g How many 12 C atoms weigh 12 g?
More informationChapter 3 Stoichiometry
Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 31 Chapter 3 Stoichiometry In This Chapter As you have learned in previous chapters, much of chemistry involves using macroscopic measurements to deduce what happens between atoms
More informationPercent Composition and Molecular Formula Worksheet
Percent Composition and Molecular Formula Worksheet 1. What s the empirical formula of a molecule containing 65.5% carbon, 5.5% hydrogen, and 29.0% 2. If the molar mass of the compound in problem 1 is
More informationMole Calculations Multiple Choice Review PSI Chemistry
Mole Calculations Multiple Choice Review PSI Chemistry Name The Mole and Avogadro's Number 1)What is the SI unit for measurement of number of particles in a substance? A) kilogram B) ampere C) candela
More informationSuccess criteria You should be able to write the correct formula for any ionic compound
Chemical Formulas and Names of Ionic Compounds WHY? Going back to prehistoric times, humans have experimented with chemical processes that helped them to make better tools, pottery and weapons. In the
More informationCh. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry
Ch. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry The Mole Concept [6.2, 6.3] Conversions between g mol atoms [6.3, 6.4, 6.5] Mass Percent [6.6, 6.7] Empirical and Molecular Formula [6.8, 6.9] Bring your calculators!
More informationProblem Solving. Mole Concept
Skills Worksheet Problem Solving Mole Concept Suppose you want to carry out a reaction that requires combining one atom of iron with one atom of sulfur. How much iron should you use? How much sulfur? When
More informationMolecules, Atoms, Grams and Mole Calculation Practice
Molecules, Atoms, Grams and Mole Calculation Practice Helpful HINTS: In these problems look for two things: 1) From what unit to what unit? 2) Does the object stay the same, or does the object change?
More informationChapter 7: Chemical Reactions
Chapter 7 Page 1 Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions A chemical reaction: a process in which at least one new substance is formed as the result of a chemical change. A + B C + D Reactants Products Evidence that
More information1. Read P. 368375, P. 382387 & P. 429436; P. 375 # 111 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436 #1, 7, 8, 11
SCH3U R.H.KING ACADEMY SOLUTION & ACID/BASE WORKSHEET Name: The importance of water  MAKING CONNECTION READING 1. Read P. 368375, P. 382387 & P. 429436; P. 375 # 111 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436
More information