LONDON 1874 DAVIS CUP FEDERATION CUP

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3 LONDON 1874 DAVIS CUP FEDERATION CUP

4 4 vtorisagan a n vtorisaga a n vtorisaga a n vtorisaga a n vtorisaga a 6 istoriidan CogburTis soflio m n istoriida CogburTis soflio m n istoriida CogburTis soflio m n istoriida CogburTis soflio m n istoriida CogburTis soflio m 9 " ister m " ister m " ister m " ister m " ister m m a l S n d a r G i baj don " i baj don " i baj don " i baj don " i baj don " ( ikardo r ( ikardo r ( ikardo r ( ikardo r ( ikardo r O ANCH P i gonzalez ) i gonzalez ) i gonzalez ) i gonzalez ) i gonzalez ) leiveri jorj odnei(rod) r i leiver jorj odnei(rod) r i leiver jorj odnei(rod) r i leiver jorj odnei(rod) r i leiver jorj odnei(rod) r samprasi it p i sampras it p i sampras it p i sampras it p i sampras it p grafi tefi S i graf tefi S i graf tefi S i graf tefi S i graf tefi S kortebze Tbilisis CogburTelebi ucxoeli amocenili g e kortebz Tbilisis CogburTelebi ucxoeli amocenili g e kortebz Tbilisis CogburTelebi ucxoeli amocenili g e kortebz Tbilisis CogburTelebi ucxoeli amocenili g e kortebz Tbilisis CogburTelebi ucxoeli amocenili g CogburTelebi sauketeso CogburTis anamedrive T i CogburTeleb sauketeso CogburTis anamedrive T i CogburTeleb sauketeso CogburTis anamedrive T i CogburTeleb sauketeso CogburTis anamedrive T i CogburTeleb sauketeso CogburTis anamedrive T CogburTelebi sauketeso drois vela y i CogburTeleb sauketeso drois vela y i CogburTeleb sauketeso drois vela y i CogburTeleb sauketeso drois vela y i CogburTeleb sauketeso drois vela y dasawyissi saukunis XXI CogburTidan wavida in v i dasawyiss saukunis XXI CogburTidan wavida in v i dasawyiss saukunis XXI CogburTidan wavida in v i dasawyiss saukunis XXI CogburTidan wavida in v i dasawyiss saukunis XXI CogburTidan wavida in v mwvrtnelebi da CogburTelebi gamocenili kavsiris sr s i mwvrtneleb da CogburTelebi gamocenili kavsiris sr s i mwvrtneleb da CogburTelebi gamocenili kavsiris sr s i mwvrtneleb da CogburTelebi gamocenili kavsiris sr s i mwvrtneleb da CogburTelebi gamocenili kavsiris sr s organizaciebi saertasoriso ogburtis C i organizacieb saertasoriso ogburtis C i organizacieb saertasoriso ogburtis C i organizacieb saertasoriso ogburtis C i organizacieb saertasoriso ogburtis C istoriidan CogburTis aqartvelos s n istoriida CogburTis aqartvelos s n istoriida CogburTis aqartvelos s n istoriida CogburTis aqartvelos s n istoriida CogburTis aqartvelos s napiridan marcxena mtkvris ogburtelebi C n napirida marcxena mtkvris ogburtelebi C n napirida marcxena mtkvris ogburtelebi C n napirida marcxena mtkvris ogburtelebi C n napirida marcxena mtkvris ogburtelebi C inamoelebi d i inamoeleb d i inamoeleb d i inamoeleb d i inamoeleb d homeri an i i homer an i i homer an i i homer an i i homer an i negrebecki duard e i negrebeck duard e i negrebeck duard e i negrebeck duard e i negrebeck duard e furceli erti ogburtis C i furcel erti ogburtis C i furcel erti ogburtis C i furcel erti ogburtis C i furcel erti ogburtis C mdivani rcil a i mdivan rcil a i mdivan rcil a i mdivan rcil a i mdivan rcil a elerdasvili ano v i elerdasvil ano v i elerdasvil ano v i elerdasvil ano v i elerdasvil ano v kokaia ivi g a kokai ivi g a kokai ivi g a kokai ivi g a kokai ivi g metreveli leqsandre a i metrevel leqsandre a i metrevel leqsandre a i metrevel leqsandre a i metrevel leqsandre a kakulia eimuraz T a kakuli eimuraz T a kakuli eimuraz T a kakuli eimuraz T a kakuli eimuraz T mesxi eila l i mesx eila l i mesx eila l i mesx eila l i mesx eila l abjandaze ena r e abjandaz ena r e abjandaz ena r e abjandaz ena r e abjandaz ena r CogburTSi? qartul aris vin in v? CogburTSi qartul aris vin in v? CogburTSi qartul aris vin in v? CogburTSi qartul aris vin in v? CogburTSi qartul aris vin in v ? saukune) CogburTSi(XXI qartul aris vin in v? saukune) CogburTSi(XXI qartul aris vin in v? saukune) CogburTSi(XXI qartul aris vin in v? saukune) CogburTSi(XXI qartul aris vin in v? saukune) CogburTSi(XXI qartul aris vin in v spartakiadaze xalxta kavsiris ssr aqartvelo s e spartakiadaz xalxta kavsiris ssr aqartvelo s e spartakiadaz xalxta kavsiris ssr aqartvelo s e spartakiadaz xalxta kavsiris ssr aqartvelo s e spartakiadaz xalxta kavsiris ssr aqartvelo s leqsikoni inglisur-qartuli terminebis ogburtis C i leqsikon inglisur-qartuli terminebis ogburtis C i leqsikon inglisur-qartuli terminebis ogburtis C i leqsikon inglisur-qartuli terminebis ogburtis C i leqsikon inglisur-qartuli terminebis ogburtis C wesebi TamaSis ogburtis C i weseb TamaSis ogburtis C i weseb TamaSis ogburtis C i weseb TamaSis ogburtis C i weseb TamaSis ogburtis C vtori a i vtor a i vtor a i vtor a i vtor a sarcevi sarcevi sarcevi sarcevi sarcevi

5 Contents From Author 143 History of Tennis 145 The main events of the world Tennis 148 Donald Budge 150 Pancho Gonzales 152 Rod Laver 158 Symbolical Club of GRAND SLAM 165 Modern strongest tennis players 165 All - Time Great ( ) 167 All - Time Great ( ) 169 Who has abandoned the big tennis in XXI century? 174 Pete Sampras 175 Steffi Graf 179 Outstanding tennis players on Tbilisi courts 181 Novak Djokovic 184 Rafael Nadal 186 Roger Federer 189 From the History of the Georgian tennis 193 Jan Homer, Archil Mdivani 184 The Greatest players of Georgia 196 Who is whi in the Georgian tennis? 198 Who is whi in the Georgian tennis (XXI century) 205 The first rackets of the world (Men) 283 The first rackets of the world (Women) 284 Australian Open 285 French Chamionships 289 Wimbledon 294 US Open 301 Masters Cup and Grand Slam Cup 308 Virginia Slims Championships - Sony Ericsson Championships 309 Pro Tour 312 Davis Cup 316 Fed Cup 318 The Olympic Games 319 Hall of Fame 322 National team of Georgia on draw of Davis Cup 324 National team of Georgia on draw of Fed Cup 326 Author 329 5

6 masinra naxet meleqse da misi mosairoba ra verar mixvdes qartulsa,dauwyos leqsman Zviroba, ar Seamoklos qartuli, ara qmnas sityva_mciroba xel_marjved scemdes Cogansa, ixmaros didi gmiroba SoTa rustaveli avtorisagan me_20 saukunis bolos qartul CogburTs 100 weli Seusrulda. CogburTs saqartvelosi, sportis iset saxeobebtan ertad, rogoricaa fexburti da kalatburti, mravali wlis ganmavlobasi Tavisi mirwevebit ert_erti wamyvani adgili ekava. ukve gasuli saukunis 20_ian wlebsi, qartuli Cogbur- Tis Camoyalibebis adreul periodsi, qartvelma CogburTelebma did warmatebebs miarwies wels sabwota kavsiris xalxta spartakiadaze amierkavkasiis gundma, romelic mtlianad qartveli CogburTelebiT iyo dakompleqtebuli, me_2 adgili daikava. im wlebsi sabwota kavsirsi grgvinavdnen iseti saxelebi, rogoricaa ian homeri, eduard negrebecki, arcil mdivani, Tamar gogolauri, davit guliasvili. miuxedavad imisa, rom im Soreul wlebsi sporti sabwota kavsirsi Caketil struqturas warmoadgenda da kontaqtebi sazrvargaretel sportsmenebtan Zalian SezRuduli iyo, CogburTi saqartvelosi mainc vitardeboda. da, rac metad mnisvnelovania, swori mimartulebit vitardeboda da, rodesac wamyvan CogburTelebs miecat sasualeba sazrvargaretul kortebze gamosuliyvnen, mravalma matganma acvena savsebit Rirseuli TamaSi. CogburTelebis pirvelma generaciam i.homeris TavkacobiT SesZlo safuzveli Caeyara Semdgomi Taobebis warmatebisatvis. ivane elerdasvilis, boris krupenikovis, givi kokaias, viqtor uraevskis, aleqsandre metrevelis, nugzar mzinarisvilis, Teimuraz kakulias, irina riazanova_ermolovas, rena abjandazis, ala ivanovas, nino Tuxarelis, leila mesxis,vladimer gabricizis,davit kawaravas saxelebi oqros asoebitaa Cawerili qartuli sportis istoriasi. qartveli CogburTelebis mirwevebis wyalobit, CogburTi saqartvelosi sportis ert_ert yvelaze popularul saxeobad gadaiqca. sxvadasxva wlebsi ra xelobis kacs ar mousinjavs Tavisi Zalebi CogburTis moedanze?! eseni iyvnen: gamocenili pianisti marina mdivani, cnobili kompozitorebi_grigol kilaze da gia yanceli, mxatvrebi_gigla fircxalava, zurab nijaraze, oleg qocakize, jemal lolua, gogi mesxisvili, mevioline kote vardeli, kinore- Jisorebi_Zmebi eldar da giorgi Sengelaiebi, lana RoRoberiZe, mecnierebi_mate mirianasvili, kote baqraze, vahan mamasaxlisovi, irakli gverdwiteli, quji ZiZiSvili, irakli RuduSauri, vaja lekisvili, Zmebi vaja da arcil okujavebi, Tamaz gamyrelize, iura kapanaze, mixeil omiaze, guram dondua, arcil begiasvili, vaxtang gomelauri, 6

7 WIKIPEDIA FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA ian homeri (d. 31 marti 1898, parizi - g. 12 noemberi 1981, Tbilisi)á äãëôûóôñôúø. áðåð biografia ian homeris cxovreba gajrentili iyo dramatuli movlenebit. advokatis Svili, warmosobit berzeni ertis mxvriv da franko italieli meores mxvriv (deda elisabet bono grimaldi), is Tavis ojaxtan ertad Camovida WiaTuraSi, sadac maestros (bevri ase ezaxda ian homers) mamam jon tarseis xelmzrvanelobit musaoba daiwyo inglisur kompaniasi "Forward and Salinas". masin ingleselebma, WiaTuraSi, saqartvelos teritoriaze CogburTis pirveli korti aasenes. ian homeri swored iq gaecno CogburTs. 13 wlis asaksi ian homeri xdeba qalaqis Cempioni. male ojaxi TbilisSi gadasaxlda mixeilis (mixailovis), axlandeli davit armaseneblis prospeqtze 117 nomersi, sadac im droistvis cnobili sacogburto klubi iyo. WiaTuraSi mirebuli gakvetilebis Semdeg, ian homeri Tavis ostatobasac xvews da imavdroulad mwvrtnelobasac eweva. 10 wlis ganmavlobasi ( ) maestro iani Tbilisis da saqartvelos ucvleli Cempioni iyo. mere is misma mowafeebma Secvales, gamocenilma CogburTelebma eduard negrebeckim da arcil mdivanma wels ian homers wilad xvda pirveli warmateba, rogorc mwvrtnels pirvel sakavsiro spartakiadaze amierkavkasiis gundma, romelic mtlianad saqartvelos CogburTelebiT iyo dakompleqtebuli, me-2 adgili daikava wels ian homeri moskovsa da TbilisSi xvdeba gamocenil frang CogburTels anri koses. masin acuqa didma frangma ian homers Tavisi foto avtografit: "ian homers, CogburTis simpatiur da momtmen profesors, Cemi sauketeso survilebit" wlis miwuruls ert Rames ian homeri Tavis ZmebTan marseltan da JorJTan ertad daapatimres. Zmebi daxvrites, maestros ki miusajes 10 weli sabanako rejimi da Semdeg 5 weli mxolod 1948 wels, amden tanjvagamovlils, neba dartes qutaissi dasaxlebuliyo. aq ian homerma pedagogiur institutsi asfaltis korti moawyo da urtules pirobebsi kargi CogburTelebi arzarda. ian homeris damsaxureba qartuli sportis winase mxolod mravali wlis Semdeg, yvelaze marali partiuli xelmzrvanelobis Carevis Semdeg Rirseulad dafasda wels ian homeris dabadebidan 100 wlistavtan dakavsirebit gaixsna maestros memorialuri dafa (david armaseneblis prospeqti 117), xoli 2006 wels gaixsna axali sacogburto stadioni Jan Homer Stadium.M * * * vladimer goglize - oficialeri saiti : The founder of the Georgian tennis. The deserved trainer of Georgia.The champion of Georgia in The playing trainer in the Games of peoples of the USSR in 1928, when the team of Georgia was the second. First trainer of Eduard Negrebetsky and Archil Mdivani arcil mdivani (d. 30 ivnisi, Tbilisi - g. 13 seqtemberi 1937,ýrepresirebulia) biografia ert erti uzlieresi CogburTeli qartuli CogburTis istoriasi wlebsi sabwota kavsiris Cempioni wyvilta TanrigSi eduard negrebeckistan ertad wlebsi Sedioda ssr kavsiris uzlieres ateulsi. ssr kavsiris Cempioni "dinamo" s gundis SemadgenlobaSi. leningradis otxgzis Cempioni ( ). pirveli qartveli sportis ostati CogburTSi (1936). bavsvobidan arcil mdivans avarjisebda ian homeri. cnobili bolsevikis budu mdivanis ( ) ojaxsi gazrdilma arcilma, bavsvobasi kargi ganatleba miiro, flobda germanul da frangul enebs, magram veravin ifiqrebda, rom misi xanmokle cxovrebis yvelaze did gatacebad CogburTi iqceoda wels arcili da eduard negrebecki sacxovreblad leningradsi gadavidnen (masin leningradi sabwota CogburTis centrad itvleboda). iwyeba arcil mdivanis niwis armavlobis xana. wyvili mdivani negrebecki sabwota CogburTis simbolod iqca wels arcil mdivani brundeba TbilisSi apatimreben mamas wels moskovsi sastumro CSKA - Si apatimreben. ase tragikulad dasrulda gamocenili qartveli CogburTelis sicocxle. is mxolod 26 wlis iyo. arcilis mteli ojaxi ganadgurebuli iqna - mama budu, deda cucunia, Zmebi giorgi, vano, daviti, da -meri wlis bolos daapatimres mwvrtneli ian homeri, romelic mxolod 1955 wels dabrunda TbilisSi wels 30 ivniss saxlze, sadac cxovrobda arcil mdivani gaixsna memorialuri dafa warwerit: "aq cxovrobda legendaruli qartveli CogburTeli arcil mdivani" * * vladimer goglize - oficialeri saiti :* * One of the strongest tennis players in the history of the Georgian tennis. The champion of the USSR in the pair category together with E.Negrebetsky in Was one of the ten strongest players of the USSR( ). In 1937 hi was repressed. First trainer J.Homer 7

8 sandro menabde, giorgi jabua, xvedri inasarize, heidar falavandisvili, guram berisvili, ferando maisaze, irakli geleisvili, duglas ugulava, omar qomurjisvili, nodar xomeriki, lia maxaraze, sergo Cobaniani, qeto mesxi, lili abesaze, mecnieri, sportsmeni da momrerali grigol mamardasvili, cnobili arqiteqtori lado aleqsi_mesxisvili, gamocenili msaxiobi ramaz CxikvaZe, msaxiobi da mwerali givi sixarulize da iseti didi sportsmenebi rogorebic iyvnen: viqtor saneevi, slava metreveli, guram minasvili, levan sanaze, Tamaz antaze, aleqsandre buslaevi, valiko kalmaxelize, da mravali sxva. kortebze mati yofna xels uwyobda aracveulebrivad Tbili atmosferos Seqmnas, rac, TavisTavad, CogburTSi talantebis arzrdaze dadebit gavlenas axdenda wels qartveli CogburTelebis cxovrebasi RirsSesaniSnavi movlena moxda. Seiqmna saqartvelos CogburTis damoukidebeli federacia. federaciis SeqmnasTan ertad, SesaZlebeli gaxda saertasoriso CogburTis organizaciebsi Sesvla wlidan saqartvelo ITF_sa (CogburTis saertasoriso federacia) da ETA_s (CogburTis evropis asociacia) sruluflebiani wevria wlidan Cveni sportsmenebi regularulad ireben monawileobas Davis Cup _isa da Fed Cup _is (mamakacta da qalta Soris gunduri Cempionatebi) gatamasebebsi. axalgazrda CogburTelebi mudmivad monawileoben evropis gundur da pirad CempionatebSi wlidan, federaciis prezidentis_leila mesxis ZalisxmeviT Tbilissa da batumsi profesionalta turnirebi tardeba, rogorc qalta, aseve mamakacta Soris. Aaman axalgazrda qartvel CogburTelebs profesionalur CogburTSi sakutari Zalebis gamocdis sasualeba misca. wignis pirveli nawili msoflio CogburTs ezrvneba, wignsi arwerilia TamaSis ganvitarebis ZiriTadi movlenebi, misi mtavari gmirebi da SejibrebaTa SedarebiT RirsSesaniSnavi Sedegebi. meore nawilsi motxrobilia qartuli CogburTis ganvitarebis rtuli gzebis Sesaxeb, im xalxis Sesaxeb, romlebmac mteli me_20 saukunesi qartul sports dideba moutanes. calke Tavi ezrvneba ssr kavsiris sauketeso CogburTelebs da mwvrtnelebs, romlebtanac SemoqmedebiTi da piradi megobroba gvakavsirebda. wignsi pirveladaa SemoTavazebuli qartuli sacogburto terminologiisa da sayoveltaod mirebuli inglisuri terminologiis Sejerebis mcdeloba. wignis bolo nawili ezrvneba TamaSis ZiriTad wesebs. madlobas vuxdi redaqtorebs Tamaz CantlaZes da koka cxakaias, Cems megobrebs l.gigineisvils,o.ruxazes,n.xantazes,n.koskelasvils,g.kenwosvils, g.mosasvils,a.baidasvils, g.xomeriks, x.kekelias, romlebic proeqtis teqnikur gadawyvetasi damexmarnen. madlobas vuxdi agretve g.kokaias, o.tinikasvils, s.menabdis ojaxs da rus enciklopedists b.fomenkos_unikaluri fotomasalis gadmocemisatvis. 8

9 msoflio CogburTis istoriidan CogburTi msofliosi ert_erti fartod gavrcelebuli da popularuli sportis saxeobaa. misi arseboba oficialurad asiode wlit ganisazrvreba, magram rogorc istoriuli wyaroebi migvanisneben, fesvebi Soreul war- sulsi unda vezebot. uzvelesi droidan adamianebi patara burtebit sxvadasxva TamaSobebSi ejibrebodnen ertmanets. gansakutrebuli popularobit sargeblobda aseti TamaSebi Zvel romsa da saberznetsi. burtit TamaSebi popularuli iyo ufro gviandel epoqasic. XIII_XVI saukuneebsi evropasi didad aris gavrcelebuli TamaSi kort_tenisi (court tennis), romelic xelburts mog- vagonebs. istorikosebis umravlesobis azrit is XIII saukunis safrangetsi Caisaxa, magram dremde gamocanad rceba, Tu vin itvleba am TamaSis namdvil fuzemdeblad. istoriuli wyaroebi mowmoben, rom kort_teniss Ria moednebze an monastris ezoebsi TamaSobdnen. Tavdapirvelad, TamaSis dros motamase burts SiSveli an xeltatmniani xelit urtyamda. TamaSis Semdgomma ganvitarebam moqmedebis diapazonis gafartoebis aucileblobam Cognis msgavsi inventaris gamogonebamde migviyvana. es Cognebi arwerilia italieli antonio skainos nasromsi ~traqtati burtis TamaSis Sesaxeb~, romelic man 1555 wels veneciasi gamoaqveyna. skainos traqtati pirveli nasromia CogburTis Sesaxeb, romelmac Cvenamde moarwia. mogvianebit Cognis rkalze Wimavdnen pergaments, xolo burti, romlitac TamaSobdnen kort_teniss, Salis gorgals warmoadgenda, romedzedac tyavi iyo gadakruli. uzvelesi droidan kort_tenissi angarisis ZiriTadi erteuli iyo ricxvi 15. jer kidev skaino werda, rom mis drosac ki angarisi yoveli mogebuli qulis Semdeg 15_iT izrdeboda. e.i. pirveli mogebuli qulis Semdeg angarisi iyo 15, meore qulis Semdeg _ 30, mesames Semdeg _ 45. ertaderti cvlileba, romelic ganicada qulebis arricxvis sistemam, iyo angarisis Semcireba 45_dan 40_mde, rac uewvelad gaketda angarisis gamocxadebis ubraloebisa da simoklisatvis. rac Seexeba qulebis datvlis am saidumloebit mocul sistemis warmo- Sobas, skaino arnisnavda, rom miuxedavad gulmodgine gamokvlevisa, man veraferi armoacina verc Zvel xelnawerebsi,verc im periodis literaturasi. dres ki bevri istorikosi iziarebs frangi mkvlevaris Jan goslenis Sexedulebas, romelic man 1759 wels daweril traqtatsi gamotqva. gosleni amtkicebs, rom qulebis datvlisas ricxvebi 15, 30 da 45 SemTxveviT ar iyo SerCeuli. isini zomata garkveul sistemas eqvemdebarebian, romelsac, rogorc Cans, CogburTis pionerebi icnobdnen. arsebobs mosazreba, rom am sistemas kavsiri hqondes astronomiastan. XV saukunis dasasruls da XVI saukunis ganmavlobasi kort_tenisi frangi aristokratiis TamaSi gaxda. aseve izrdeboda kort_tenisis popularoba inglissic, gansakutrebit henri VIII_is mefobis (1509_1547) dros. CogburTis Semdgom ganvitarebaze gavlena iqonia agretve Zveleburma inglisurma TamaSma _ ~rekitsma~ (rackets), romelic CogburTis Taviseburi saxesxvaobaa. es TamaSi inglissi XVIII saukunis dasasruls da XIX saukunis 9

10 dasawyissi Caisaxa. is popularuli gaxda kerzo klubebsi. CogburTze gavlena moaxdina badmintonmac, romelic Zalzed popularuli iyo XIX saukunis 50_60_ian wlebis inglissi. CogburTis zogierti elementi arebulia agretve Zveleburi inglisuri TamaSidan ~faifsi~ (fives), romelic Zalian hgavs Tanamedrove xelburts. magram mainc vin gamoigona CogburTis Tanamedrove saxeoba, TamaSisa, romelic ase popularuli gaxda Cvens drosi? istorikosebis umravlesoba Tanamedrove CogburTis mamamtavrad britanetis kavaleriis maiors uolter klopton uingfilds (Walter Clopton Wingfield) miicnevs wlis bolos uingfildma axali TamaSis wesebi gamoaqveyna, romelsac man safuzvlad kort_tenisis principebi daudo. axali wesebi gulisxmobda balaxze TamaSs badmintonis badis gamoyenebit. burti arebuli iyo TamaSi ~faifsidan~, korts hqonda qvisis saatis forma, xolo qulata datvlis sistema arebuli iyo TamaSidan ~rekitsi~. imisatvis, rom gamomgoneblis ufleba SeenarCunebina, uingfildma am TamaSs uwoda ~sferistika~ (sphairistike _ Zveli berznuli sityva da nisnavs ~itamase burti~) wlis dasawyissi uingfildma Tavisi gamogonebisatvis patenti miiro. male axalma TamaSma sayoveltao ariareba moipova inglissi da popularuli gaxda. ramodenime Tvis Semdeg uingfildma gamoaqveyna brosura saxelwodebit ~sferistika an laun_tenisi~, romelsic man mkafiod Camoayaliba axali TamaSis wesebi. SemdgomSi uingfildma termini ~sferistika~ laun_tenisit Secvala weli arsanisnavi etapia CogburTis istoriasi. swored am wels Caeyara safuzveli CogburTis oficialur matianes. CogburTis dabadebis adgilad iqca kriketis moyvarulta klubis balaxit dafaruli moednebi londonis gareubansi,uimbldonsi. swored am klubis moyvarul- Ta iniciativit Catarda CogburTis istoriasi inglisis pirveli Cempionati. SemdgomSi am Sejibrebas uimbldonis turniri ewoda. uimbldonis pirveli turniris iniciatori da organizatori iyo inglisuri Jurnalis ~fildis~ redaqtori uolsi, romelmac turnirsi gamarjvebultatvis gardamavali vercxlis Tasi daaarsa. turniris organizatorebma daxvewes TamaSis wesebi, romelta umravlesobamac gauzlo drois gamocdas da Tanamedrove Cogbur- TSic cocxlobs. da ai, turniris gaxsnis dre dadga _ 1877 wlis 9 ivnisi. turnirsi monawileoba miiro 22 CogburTelma. uimbldonis pirveli mefis gvirgvini ingliselma spenser gorma moi pova. mas sul 48 wuti daswirda,rata finalsi daemarcxebina Tavisi metoqe marsali angarisit 6:1, 6:2, 6:4. gori mravalmxrivi sportsmeni iyo. is SesaniSnavad TamaSobda rekitss, kriketsa da sxva TamaSebs wels pirvelad Catarda uimbldonis turniri qalta Soris. pirvel uimbldonze gaimarjva maud uotsonma. ra Tqma unda, CogburTi, romelsac uimbldonis pionerebi TamaSobdnen, jer kidev Zalian Sors iyo srulyofilebisagan. msoflio CogburTis ganvitareba pirobitad SeiZleba otx periodad daiyos: pirveli _ TamaSis Tavdapirveli gavrceleba; meore _ Camoyalibeba, rogorc sportis saxeobisa; mesame _ ganvitareba, rogorc sportis Camoyalibebuli saxeobisa; meotxe _ CogburTis, rogorc TamaSis yovelmxrivi daxvewa Tanadrouli mecnierul_teqnikuri progresisa da saertasoriso kavsirebis ganvitarebis safuzvelze. pirveli periodi (1875_1890) TamaSis mxolod calkeul qveynebsi gavrcelebis masstabebit xasiatdeba. am periodsi yalibdeba teqnikisa da taqtikis elementaruli safuzvlebi. meore periodisatvis (1891_1905) damaxasia- 10

11 Tebelia TamaSis, rogorc nacionaluri, aseve saertasoriso masstabit gavrceleba. am periodsi xdeba TamaSis teqnikisa da taqtikis Semdgomi Camoyalibeba da daxvewa, safuzveli eyreba varjisebis metodikas. CogburTs rogorc fizikuri arzrdis sasualebas ise iyeneben. iqmneba centralizebuli saerto saxelmwifoebrivi da saertasoriso xelmzrvaneli organizaciebi. mesame periodisatvis (1906_1939) damaxasiatebelia CogburTis ganvitarebis dacqarebuli tempebi, misi gavrcelebis geografiuli masstabebis gafartoeba, rogorc calkeul qveynebsi, aseve mtel msofliosi, CogburTis gadaqceva sportis ert_ert yvelaze ufro gavrcelebul da popularul saxeobad, nacionaluri da saertasoriso Sejibrebebis mkafiod Camoyalibebuli sistemit. meotxe periodi msoflio CogburTis ganvitarebisa iwyeba 1946 wlidan da dremde grzeldeba. am periodisatvis damaxasiatebelia CogburTis, rogorc TamaSis, yovelmxvrivi daxvewa Tanadrouli mecnierul_teqnikuri mirwevebis bazaze, teqnikis, taqtikisa da SejibrebisaTvis CogburTelTa momzadebis sistemasi mecnierebisa da teqnikis mzardi wvlili, CogburTelTa farto wris sportuli ostatoba da atletizmi, aseve saertasoriso kavsirebis gafartoeba da ganmtkiceba. CogburTis moyvarulta didi nawili Tvlis, rom saertasoriso TamaSebi CogburTSi 1900 wels daiwyo, devisis Tasis gatamasebit, magram ukve 1880 wels ingliselma vudxausma okeane gadalaxa da amerikis Cempionis wodeba moipova wels amerikelebi gaemgzavrnen CogburTis samsoblosi inglissi, sadac Sexvdnen Zmebs rensouebs da... damarcxdnen. CogburTis popularoba im dros imdenad gaizarda, rom is 1896 wlis atenis olimpiuri TamaSebis programasi iqna Setanili. XX saukunis dasawyissi safuzveli Caeyara saertasoriso Sejibrebebis kalendars, romlis Seqmnasac xeli Seuwyo rogorc inglisis, avstraliis, ass_is da odnav mogvianebit safrangetis Ria Cempionatebis Catarebam, aseve msoflios uzlieres mamakacta gundebs Soris 1900 wels amerikeli duait devisis mier daarsebuli Tasis gatamasebam. im dros bevr qveyanasi Seiqmna CogburTis federaciebi da asociaciebi, romlebic erovnuli CogburTis ganvitarebaze iyvnen pasuxismgebelni. CogburTis ganvitarebis mzafrma zrdam ganapiroba Seqmniliyo mmartveli organo, romelic nacionaluri federaciebis koordinirebas moaxdenda saertasoriso arenaze. ase Seiqmna saertasoriso laun_tenisis federacia (ILTF),SemdgomSi _ CogburTis saertasoriso federacia (I TF). CogburTis ganvitarebis yovel periods hyavda Tavisi gmirebi. eseni iyvnen: uimbldonis pirveli Cempioni spenser gori, Zmebi vili da ernest rensouebi,zmebi reji da lauri doxertebi,avstralieli toni ualdingi,amerikeli moris makluglini. me_20 saukunis 20_ian da 30_ian wlebsi kortebze brwyinavdnen amerikelebi bol tildeni, elsvort vainsi, don baji, frangebi anri kose,jan borotra,rene lakosti,ingliseli fred peri,avstralieli jek kroufordi, germaneli baroni gotfrid fon krami. qalta Soris gansakutrebul Sedegebs miarwies siuzan lenglenma da amerikelma elen uils_mudma. 40_ian da 50_ian wlebsi Tavisi TamaSiT gamoirceodnen avstralielebi frenk sejmeni, liu houdi,ken rozuoli,amerikelebi jek krameri, toni traberti, rikardo (panco) gonzalesi, Cexi ian drobni, qalebsi ki amerikelebi mourin konoli da altea gibsoni. me_20 saukunis meore naxevarsi saertasoriso CogburTSi didi cvlilebebi moxda wels saer- 11

12 saertasoriso federaciis riggarese sesiaze mirebuli iyo gadawyvetileba Ria turnirebis Sesaxeb da ukve aprilis TveSi bernamutsi (inglisi) pirveli Sereuli turniri Catarda. daiwyo Tanadrouli CogburTis axali era wels daarsda profesional CogburTelebis asociacia (Association of Tennis Profesionals) da 1973 wels _ qal CogburTelebis asociacia (Women s Tennis Association). 60_ian wlebsi avstralielma rod leiverma «Grand Slam» is orjer mogebit, 1962 da 1969 wlebsi Ddon bajis mirweva gaimeora. r. leiveris garda 60_70 ian wlebsi Tavisi TamaSiT gamoirceodnen roi emersoni (avstralia), jon niukombi (avstralia), toni roci (avstralia), sten smiti (ass), jimi konorsi (ass), jon makenrou (ass), artur esi (ass), ilie nestase (rumineti), «Grand Slam» is mflobeli margaret korti (avstralia), maria bueno (brazilia), bili jin kingi (ass), kris everti (ass), martina navratilova (ass), biorn borgi (SvedeTi), romlebmac msoflio CogburTi sul sxva Tvisobriv doneze aiyvanes. 80_ian wlebsi CogburTSi namdvili revolucia moxda, romelic mecnierul progresze dafuznebuli iyo. CogburTelebma Tanadrouli masalisagan damzadebuli Cognebi miires. mkvetrad imata TamaSis tempma da Cawodebis sizlierem. 80_ian wlebsi kortebze veteranebtan j. makeroustan, j. konorstan, k. evertan, m. navratilovastan ertad axalgazrda Taobis CogburTelebi brwyinaven_ivan lendli (ass), Stefan edbergi (SvedeTi), mats vilanderi (SvedeTi), boris bekeri (germania) da Stefi grafi (germania). S.grafma 1988 wels «Grand Slam»-i da seulis olimpiuri TamaSebi moigo. 90_iani wlebi or didebul CogburTels Soris Seupovari brzolit xasiatdeba. eseni arian pit samprasi da andre agasi wels p. samprasi fenomenalur rekords amyarebs_meeqvsed zedized msoflios pirveli Cogani xdeba, 2000 wels ki me_13 «Grand Slam»-is turniris mogebit xsnis roi emersonis Zvel rekords. a. agasi sxvadasxva wlebsi «Grand Slam»-is yvela turnirs igebs. qalta Soris dominireben S. grafi,m. selesi, l. devenporti,j.kapriati da sruliad axalgazrda m. hingisi. magram debma venus da serena uliamsebma sul sxva safexurze aiyvanes Tanamedrove qalta CogburTi. mamakacta Soris gamocdnen axali varsklavebi leiton hiuitis (avstralia) da marat safinis (ruseti) saxit. da Zalian sainteresoa, sait wava CogburTi _ rogor ganvitardeba TamaSi, romelic inglisuri aristokratiis ubralo gasartobi iyo. msoflio CogburTis enciklopediis avtori bad kolinsi Semdegnairad axasiatebs CogburTis ganvitarebis etapebs : 1874 _ maior uingfildis patenti CogburTis TamaSze; 1877 pirveli uimbldonis turniri; 1881 da 1887 ass_is pirveloba mamakacta da qalta Soris; 1900 duait devisi afuznebs «Davis Cup»-s; 1905 da 1907 pirveli ucxoelebi, amerikeli qali mei satoni da avstralieli norman bruqsi, uimbldons igeben; siuzan lengleni igebs uimbldons; 1920 bil tildeni pirvelad igebs amerikis pirvelobas; 1923 elen uilsis pirveli gamarjveba amerikis pirvelobaze; 1926 suizan lengleni profesionali xdeba; anri kose, rene lakosti, Jan borotra, Jak briunioni 12

13 6_jer zedized igeben «Davis Cup»-s; 1932 ingliseli bani ostini pirvelad gamovida kortze SortebSi 1933 fred peri & Co amarcxeben frangebs «Davis Cip»-is finalsi; 1938 don baji pirvelad CogburTis istoriasi igebs «Grand Slam»_s; 1946_1947 _ jek krameri amerikis da uimbldonis Cempioni xdeba da profesianalebsi gadadis; avstralielebis frenk sajmenis, ken makgregoris, liu houdis, ken rozuolis, rod leveris, nil frezeris, roi emersonis, fred stoles, jon niukombis, toni rocis dominireba msoflio CogburTSi; 1953 mourin konoli msoflio CogburTis istoriasi pirvelad igebs qalta «Grand Slam»_s; 1962 rod leiveri igebs «Grand Slam»-s; 1965 jimi van alenma pirvelad SesTavaze tai_breiki; 1968 Ria eris dasawyisi CogburTSi; rod leiveri ganmeorebit igebs «Grand Slam»-s; 1970 margaret korti igebs «Grand Slam»-s; 1974 axalgazrda CogburTelebis triumfi biorn borgi safrangetis Cempioni, kris everti da jimi konorsi uimbldons igeben; 1976 pirveli Cognebi Tanadrouli masalebidan; 1978 martina navratilovas pirveli gamarjveba uimbldonze; 1979 jon makenrou pirvelad igebs amerikis pirvelobas da 16 wlis treisi ostini amerikis yvelaze axalgazrda Cempioni qalta Soris; 1980 biorn borgis zedized me_5 gamarjveba uimbldonze; wlis boris bekeri uimbldonis Cempioni xdeba; 1988 Stefi grafi «Grand Slam»-s da olimpiur TamaSebs igebs; wlis maikl Cangi safrangetis pirvelobas igebs; wlis pit samprasi amerikis pirvelobas igebs; 1993 giunter parxe hamburgsi monika seless danit ayenebs Wrilobas; 1998 pit samprasi zedized meeqvsed xdeba pirveli Cogani msofliosi; 2000 pit samprasis me_13 gamarjveba «Grand Slam»-is turnirebze; 2002 _ pit samprasis me-14 gamarjveba Grand Slam _is turnitebze rojer federeris domonacia msoflio CogburTSi, rojer federeri msoflios sauketeso sportsmeni rafael nadalis otxi gamarjveba Roland Garros - ze maria Sarapova igebs uimbldonsm justin enenis dominacia msoflio CogburTSi jastin eneni tovebs did sports rafael nadali igebs uimbldons da xdeba 1-li Cogani msofliosi rojer federeri igebs Roland Garros rafael nadali igebs Roland Garros-s,Wimbledon-s da US OPEN-sê ànovak jokovici igebs Australian Open -s,wimbledon-s da US OPEN-sêôó 2000 wlis bolos popularuli amerikuli Jurnali ~TENNIS~_is cnobili specialistebis da Jurnalistebis gamokitxvis safuzvelze gamoqveynda me_20 saukunis 20 sauketeso motamasis sia (10 mamakacis da 10 qalis). eseni arian: bil tildeni (1893_1953), fred peri (1909_1995), don baji (1915_2000), ken rozuoli (1934), roi emersoni (1936), rod leiveri (1938), jimi konorsi (1952), biorn borgi (1956), jon makenrou (1959), pit samprasi (1971), siuzan lengleni (1899_1938), elen uils muudi (1905), mourin konoli (1934_1969), altea gibsoni(1927), margaret korti (1942), bili jin kingi (1943), kris everti (1954), martina navratilova (1956), Stefi grafi (1969) da monika selesi (1973). sxva gamokitxvis mixedvit uzlieresi ateulebi ase gamoiyureba: 13

14 N M e n N W o m e n 1 Pete Sampras 1 Steffi Graf 2 Andre Agassi 2 Monica Selesh 3 Rod Laver 3 Martina Navratilov a 4 Biorn Borg 4 Elen Wills Moodi 5 John Macenroy 5 Bili King 6 Ivan Lendl 6 Kris Evert 7 Roy Emerso n 7 Margaret Kort-Smit h 8 Arhur Ashe 8 Siuzan Lengle n 9 Boris Becker 9 Tresy Ostin 10 Jimmy Connors 10 Margaret Osborn Dupon A MUSEUM OF WIMBLEDON 14

15 mister ~Grand Slam~ ~ _ don baji me_20 saukunis dasasruls cxovrebidan wavidnen gamocenili CogburTelebi, romlebmac didi wvlili Seitanes Tanamedrove CogburTis ganvitarebasi. isini arian _ bil tildeni, anri kose, rene lakosti, Jan borotra, jek kroufordi, rdi, gotfrid fon krami, fred peri, elsvort vainsi, rikardo (panco) gonzalesi, liu houdi, iaroslav drobni. me_20 saukunis 2000 wels gardaicvala ert_erti yvelaze gamocenili CogburTeli don baji (1915_2000). CogburTelTa Soris is iyo pirveli, romelmac SeZlo egret wodebuli ~Grand Slam~_is mopoveba _ gaimarjva sezonis otx mtavar turnirsi avstraliis, safrangetis, amerikis da didi britanetis (uimbldoni) Ria pirvelobebze. mxolod mravali wlis Semdeg misi warmateba orjer, 1962 da 1969 wlebsi gaimeora gantqmulma avstralielma rod leiverma. don bajis ZiriTadi Sedegebi: uimbldonis da ass_is Cempioni 1937_1938 wlebsi, avstraliis da safrangetis 1938 wlis Cempioni. 1937_1938 wlebsi uimbldonis Cempioni wyvilebsi, 1936, 1938 wlebsi _ ass_is Cempioni wyvilta TanrigSi, 1936, 1938 wlebsi _ uimbldonis Cempioni Sereul wyvileb-si da 1937_1938 wlebsi ass_is Cempioni Sereul wyvilebsi. 1937_1938 wlebsi _ ~devisis Tasis~ mflobeli. ~devisis Tasis~ gatamasebasi don bajma 21 Sexvedra Caatara da 19 moigo, wyvilebsi _ 8 da 6 moigo. 1940, 1942 wlebsi msoflio Cempioni profesionalta Soris, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1947, 1949 da 1953 wlebsi profesionalta Soris msoflio Cempioni wyvilebsi. saxelwodeba ~Grand Slam~ kargad aris cnobili CogburTis moyvarultatvis. is, vinc SesZlebs wlis ganmavlobasi CogburTis 4 udides turnirsi, umnisvnelo Sejibrebebis gamarjvebulebi da priziorebi Sin samaxsovro TasebiT da sxva prizebit brundebian. ~Grand Slam~_i ki mxolod simboloa. ki magram, saidan warmoisva dasaxeleba Grand Slam~_i? 1933 wlis Tbil, qarian seqtembris dres niu_iorkis centralur kortze ~Forest-Hills~_ze avstralieli jek kroufordi (1908_1991) inglisel fred peristan (1909_1995) satamasod gamovida ass_s Ria Cempionatis finalsi. matcis win, gazet ~niu_iork Taims~_is mimomxilvelma jon kirenma dawera _ Tu kroufordi moigebs, es iqneba rarac ~Grand Slam~_is msgavsi mogeba. manamde, imave wels kroufordma uimbldoni, safrangetis da avstraliis Cempionatebi moigo. amrigad, is Zalian axlos iyo, rom otxi qveynis Cempioni gamxdariyo. peristan SexvedraSi kroufords mihyavda angarisit 2:1 setebsi da axlos iyo imastan, rom supercempionebis sia gaexsna. magram Sexvedris bolos kroufordi moesva da ori ukaneskneli seti waago angarisit 0:6, 1:6. jon kirenis ~Grand Slam~_ze gakvrit natqvami daviwyebas mieca. da mxolod 1938 wels, rodesac don baji Tavis sanukvar ocnebas uaxlivdeboda, am terminis reanimacia gantqmulma amerikelma sportulma Jurnalistma alison dancigma moaxdina. alison dancigma jon kirenisagan damoukideblad gamoiyena popularuli banqos TamaSis _ brijis termini ~Grand Slam~_i. sityvasityvit ~Grand Slam~_i nisnavs ~Zlier dartymas~, romlitac irbliani brijis motamase erti dartymit nokautsi agdebs Tavis partniorebs. magram 15

16 es isviatad xdeba... manamde terminma ~Grand Slam _i 1933 wlis Semdeg gaielva presasi 1935 wels, rodesac fred perim safrangetis pirveloba moigo. erti wlit adre man avstraliis, inglisis da ass Cempionatebi moigo da msofliosi pirveli CogburTeli gaxda, romelmac msoflio CogburTis es yvelaze Znelad asarebi mwvervalebi daipyro. magram perim es fe-nomenaluri Sedegi ara erti sezonis ganmavlobasi, aramed or sezonsi acvena da amitomac ar itvleba is ~Grand Slam~_is laureatad. rogorc amerikelma Jurnalistma frenk dafordma zustad arnisna _ ~Grand Slam~_i es is Rvinoa, romelic yurznis erti wlis mosavlidan mzaddeba. saxelebi, romlebic simbolur ~Grand Slam~_is klubsi Sedian, cotaa da pirveli,romelmac es mwvervali daipyro 1938 wels, gamocenili amerikeli CogburTeli don baji 1 iyo. baji, jeims donaldi (Budg James Donald) 1915 wels 15 ivniss, oklendsi, kaliforniis StatSi daibada. mamamisi, warmosobit Sotlandieli, ~glazgo reinjersis~ yofili fexberteli iyo da Svils xels uwyobda sportul morvaweobasi. donis arcevanze didi gavlena moaxdina ufrosma Zmam, floidma, romelsac fanatikurad uyvarda CogburTi. 11_dan 15 wlamde doni CogburTs SemTxvevidan SemTxvevamde TamaSobda, magram ertxel Zmam daitanxma, rom mas kaliforniis Cempionatze WabukTa Soris etamasa. da donma yvelastvis moulodnelad gaimarjva. igrzno ra warmatebis gemo, is mteli azartit CaerTo TamaSSi da male did progress miarwia. ukve 30_ani wlebis SuaSi doni amerikis ert_erti uzlieresi CogburTeli xdeba. ass_is mamakacta nacionalur Sejibrebebze es marali (1 m da 85 sm), wituri sportsmeni 1935 wels gamocnda. ass Cempionatze wyvilta TanrigSi jin makostan ertad doni finalsi gavida da mirweuli Sedegebis mixedvit is erovnul nakrebsi Caricxes, romelic ~devisis Tasis~ turnirsi monawileobis misarebad emzadeboda. Semdeg wels don baji ass-s pirvelobas igebs wyvilta TanrigSi, xolo erteulebsi finalsi gadis da mxolod me-5 gadamwyvet setsi agebs gantqmul ingliseltan, fred peristan wels doni risxvad atydeba metoqeebs. is igebs uimbldonis turnirs, ass_s Cempionats da ~devisis Tasis~ mopovebasi nacionalur nakrebs exmareba. atwliani Sesvenebis Semdeg amerikelebma uimbldonis stadionze finalsi inglisis nakrebs mouges. ~me mindoda gameketebina raraca, rac Cemamde aravis gauketebia, gadavatvaliere statistikuri monacemebi da armovacine, rom jerjerobit veravin SeZlo otxive didi turniris mogeba ert sezonsi. avstralieli jek kroufordi 1933 wels sul erti setis manzilze imyofeboda miznisagan. magram fred perim SesZlo misi damarcxeba ass_s Cempionatis finalsi~ _ igonebda don baji. da ai 1938 wels donma gadawyvita gaeketebia is, rac aqamde veravin SesZlo _ ert sezonsi moego otxive mtavari turniri. riti daiwyo es istoriuli armasvla? 23 drian mogzaurobit san-franciskodan avstraliasi. am mogzaurobasi mas Tan axlda megobari da partniori wyvilta TanrigSi jin mako. es iyo ertaderti adamiani, visac don bajma Tavisi ocneba gauziara. adelaidasi, sadac avstraliis Cempionats atarebdnen, sasinlad cxeloda, magram donma es dabrkoleba gadalaxa. finalsi man avstraliel jon bromvics mougo angarisit 6:4, 6:2, 6:1. 16

17 safrangetis Cempionati gantqmuli CogburTelisTvis morigi Sou iyo. is finalsi Cex roderix menzels anadgurebs angarisit 6:3, 6:2, 6:4 da mcire Sesvenebis Semdeg uimbldonis turnirisatvis iwyebs mzadebas. uimbldonis finalsi angarisit 6:1, 6:0, 6:3 ugebs Hhenri ostins. Semdeg is brundeba samsoblosi da nakrebi gundis SemadgenlobaSi ~devisis Tasis~ mflobeli xdeba. finali amerikelebma avstraliis gunds mouges. da bolos dadga ~Grand Slam~_is daskvniti etapi. ass_s Cempionatze baji finalsi Tavis megobar makos winaarmdeg gavida. magram amovardnilma qarisxalma matci erti kvirit gadado. aq minda erti detali gadmogcet, romelic xazs usvams am ori megobris urtiertobas. isini axalgazrdebi iyvnen da finalis molodinsi ar undodat asketurad ecxovrat. ai, amitom megobrebma gadawyvites yoveldriurad SeeTanxmebinaT dris ganrigi da mkacrad daecvat piroba. magram roca finalis dre dadga dons veraferi ver akavebda, jin makostan megobrobac ki. bajma gaimarjva angarisit 6:3, 6:8, 6:2, 6:1. ase iqna mogebuli ~Grand Slam~_i. titulis mopovebisas bajma 24 TamaSi, Caatara, moigo 72 seti da mxolod 4 waago. 1937_1938 wlebsi don bajma 94 matci Caatara, aqedan 92 moigo da 14 turnirsi gaimarjva. moigo yvela tituli da prizi, romelic moyvarulta CogburTSi arsebobda. is 23 wlis asaksi profesionali CogburTeli xdeba. aq unda arvnisnot, rom 1968 wlamde moyvarulta da profesional CogburTelTa Sejibrebebi cal-calke tardeboda da, rogorc ertxel don bajma arnisna, dideba da popularoba moyvarulta mxareze iyo, fuls ki profesionalebi inawilebdnen. don bajis, rogorc profesionali CogburTelis debiuti 1939 wels Sedga ianvarsi, niu_iorksi yvelastvis cnobil ~medison skver garden~-si, sadac man mayureblis winase xis safarze uimbldonis 1932 wlis Cempioni amerikeli elsvort vainsi (1911_1994) daamarcxa. Semdeg amas mohyveba matcebis mteli seria, sadac baji ugebs vainss angarisit 18:3, peris 18:11 da legendarul bil tildens (1893_1953) angarisit 51:7. ass_is samxedro sahaero ZalebSi Caricxvis win doni orjer xdeba msoflio Cempioni profesonalta Soris wels is finalsi ugebs fred peris angarisit 6:3, 5:7, 6:4, 6:3 da 1942 wels 1939 da 1941 wlebis ass_s Cempions bobi rigs (1918_1995) ugebs angarisit 6:2, 6:2, 6:2. me_2 msoflio omsi don baji mzimed daiwra marjvena mxarsi da mxolod 1946 wels SeZlo kortze dabruneba wlamde is kidev gamodioda profesionalur CogburTSi, magram yofili forma verar daibruna. doni otxjer gavida msoflio pirvelobis finalsi profesionalta Soris. 1946, 1947 da 1949 wlebsi baji rigstan agebs, 1953 wels ki _ brwyinvale rikardo (panco) gonzalestan (1928_1995). am tituls gonzalesi 1962 wlamde SeinarCunebs. samagierod baji samjer xdeba Cempioni wyvilta TanrigSi. ai rogor axasiatebs don bajs CogburTis enciklopediasi cnobili amerikeli Jurnalisti bad kolinsi: ~marali, kargi arnagobis, moqnili da mozravi, baji ukana xazzec Zlieri iyo da badestanac. is Zlier, zustad mimartul Cawodebas da brwyinvale TavzeviT dartymas flobda. misi marcxnidan dartyma ert-ert sauketesod itvleba CogburTis istoriasi. mis teqnikur arsenalsi ar moizebneboda susti adgili da metoqeebi Tavs itexdnen rogor SeedginaT bajtan sabrzolo taqtikuri gegma. da kidev erti patara detali, romelic bevrze metyvelebs _ baji TamaSobda yvelaze mzime CogniT (Tavisi klasis CogburTelebs Soris). Cogani iwonida 16 uncias (daaxloebit 450 grams)~. 17

18 Tavis karieris manzilze don bajma araerti brwyinvale matci Caatara. ori mat Soris saukunis 20 sauketeso CogburTis ortabrzolis siasi Sevida. am sias xsnis misi ortabrzola 1937 wlis ~devisis Tasis~ gatamasebasi gamocenil germanel CogburTelTan baron gotfrid fon kramtan (1909_1976). es naxevarfinaluri Sexvedra uimbldonis stadionze tardeboda. atmosfero ukiduresobamde iyo dazabuli. gunduri angarisi 2:2 iyo. don bajis da gotfrid fon kramis ortabrzolasi wydeboda gunduri Sexvedris bedi. germaniis mtavroba imdenad iyo dainteresebuli matcis SedegiT, rom TviT adolf hitlerma daureka TamaSis win gasaxdelsi germanel CogburTels da mas gamarjveba usurva. pirveli ori seti kramma moigo 8:6, 7:5, Semdegi ori _bajma 6:4, 6:2. da ai mexute setsi germaneli CogburTeli win gadis 4:1. doni igebs Tavis Cawodebas da mere dramatul brzolasi metoqis Cawodebasac. angarisi xdeba 3:4. Semdeg TiTeuli angarisamde 6:6 igebs Tavis Cawodebas. da am dros bajma SeZlo kramis Cawodebis mogeba da ukve 7:6 angarisis dros germanelma CogburTelma 5 matcpointis gauvnebelyofa SeZlo, magram meeqvseze yvelaferi damtavrda. sportuli karieris damtavrebis Semdeg bajma mwvrtnelad daiwyo musaoba, regularulad monawileobs veteranebis turnirebsi da rogorc jazis didi moyvaruli saqsafonze sxvadasxva ansamblebsi ukravs wels bajma miuloca rod leivers,romelmac misi unikaluri mirweva gaimeora. amboben, rom bolo turniris finalis win man avstralieli Tavis agarakze miiwvia da mat ara marto kargad isaubres, aramed ori savarjiso seti itamases. don bajma TiTqos gadasca Tavisi simboluri estafetis CiraRdani. albat, simboluria isic,rom 1938 wels,rodesac don bajma Grand Slam _i moipova, am udidesi mirwevis orgzis mflobeli rod leiveri daibada. don baji gardaicvala 2000 wlis 26 ianvars qalaq sqrantonsi pensilvaniis StatSi. 18

19 rikaro alonso (PANCHO) gonzalezi rikardo alonso gonzalezi (Ricardo Alonso Gonzalez) (09/05/ /07/1995) legendaruli amerikeli CogburTeli. me-20 saukunis 50-ian da 60-ani wlebis dasawyissi msoflios pirveli Cogano profesionalta Soris. moyvarulta karierasi moigo 2 Grand Slem - is turniri, profesionalta Soris mogebuli aqvs 15 Pro Slam-is tituli. Tavisi sacogburto karieris ganmavlobasi moigo 113 tituli (17-moyvarulis statusit wlebsi, 85 profesionalta Soris wlebsi da Open Era - Si ). (sruli Sedegebi gverdebze). rodnei (rod) jorj leiveri rodnei (rod) jorj leiveri (Rodney George Rod Laver) (daibada 1938 wels 9 agvistos qalaq rokhemptonsi, avstralia). amjamad cxovrobs ass i qalaq karlsbadsi, kaliforniis StatSi da 1969 wlebsi moigo Grand Slam i. simarle 173 santimetri, wona 68 kilogrami, cacia. Hall of Fame 1981, zedmeti saxeli Rocket. rod leiveri panco gonzaleztan,pit samprastan,biorn borgtan da rojer federertan ertad itvleba, rogorc yvelaze udidesi CogburTeli CogburTis istoriasi. rod leiveris sacogburto kariera iyofa or nawilad 1962 wlamde moyvarulta kariera da 1962 wlidan 1975 wlamde profesionaluri kariera. Rod leiveris pirveli mwvrtneli iyo Carli holis, SemdgomSi leivers avarjisebda gamocenili specialisti gari hopmani. Tavisi sacogburto karieris ganmavlobasi moigo 199 tituli (54-moyvarulis statusit wlebsi, 72 profesionalta Soris wlebsi da Open Era - Si ). (sruli Sedegebi gverdebze) Ricardo (Pancho) Gonzalez Rod Laver 19

20 pit samprasi Video - Sampras-Agassi, US OPEN daibada 12/08/1971. berzeni emigrantis Svilia. mama _ semi, deda _ jorjia. hyavs Zma _ gusi, da ori da _ stela da marioni. coli _ holivudis kinomsaxiobi _ brijit uilsoni. pirveli mwvrtneli doqtori pit fiseri. meore mwvrtneltan tim galiqsontan 1993 wels msofliosi 1_li Cogani gaxda. amjamad pit samprass pol anakone avarjisebs. sxvadasxva dros samprass wvrtnidnen robert lans- dorfi, lari eslai, jo brandi, pat eceberi wlamde marcxnidan ori xelit TamaSobda. moigo Grand Slam -is 14 turniri, mastersis 5, Grand Slam Cup _is 2, 1993_1998 wlebsi pirveli Cogania msofliosi. mogebuli aqvs 64 turniri igi axla sul sxva vinmea es kaci, vinc odesrac Cveulebrivi bavsvi iyo, saxelad pit samprasi. igi gansxvavdeba im genialuri aylayuda ymawvilisganac, romelic ase aurelveblad yrida eisebs otxi kontinentis CogburTis moednebze. igi arc im biws hgavs, vinc nateli SubliT da mcired iribi RimiliT Seabija cxovrebasi, vis saxis iersac odnav gakvirvebulobis elferi gadakravda, rac drodadro lamis iyo da dabneulobasic gadaizrdeboda xolme. dres ki mis garsemo ertgvari aura gacnda, rarac sidiade, romlis gamoc Cven ar SeiZleba Tvali ar gavadevnot da ar davakvirdet pit samprass, rodesac igi geimebs Soris Sesvenebis Semdeg Tavisi skamidan ukana xazisaken miemarteba. ganatebuli wertili, iseti, rogorsac telegadacemebsi iyeneben yuradrebis gasamaxvileblad, TiTqos mas marad Tan dahyveba da dajinebit gaxsenebs rom ragind Seusabamod unda Candes da ragind Zneli unda iyos amis dajereba, es kaci Sengan da Cemgan gansxvavdeba. 26 wlis asaksi erteulebis TanrigSi didi slemis 10 turnirsi gamarjvebulis titulit rac mxolod ori titulit naklebia roi emersonis mteli sportuli karieris dros dagrovili titulebisa samprasi male SeiZleba yvela drois sauketeso CogburTelad mogvevlinos. ise, didi slemis otxidan sam turnirsi gamarjvebulis tituli albat ocnebis mwvervali ar unda iyos yvela motamasisatvis. amitom jer Tavi SevikavoT naadrevi ganacxadebisagan. magram, axla rodesac ianvarsi samprasi apirebs monawileoba miiros avstraliis Ria Cempionatze, modit, SevCerdeT da ufro mnisvnelovani da ufro rtuli sakitxi ganvixilot: ra aris is, ramac samprasi mamakac motamaseebs Soris 25 wlis asaksi umtavresi titulebis yvelaze nayofier mompoveblad aqcia, da es masin, rodesac sazogadod damkvidrebuli Sexedulebis mixedvit, arc ert kacs ar SeuZlia ibatonos Tanamedrove CogburTze, rogorc ert dros don badji, roi emersoni an rod leiveri batonobdnen. am kitxvis ert_erti pasuxi iqneb sidiadis Sesaxeb,im azrebsi vipovot, romelec didma bil tildenma gamotqva Tavis aracveulebriv wignsi CogburTi A-dan Z -mde. am wignis ert TavSi,romelsac martivi satauri aqvs simamace, tildeni wers: sakutari Tavis rwmena TiTqmis aucilebeli ram aris warmatebisatvis, xolo TviTkmayofileba aris is, rac misi mirwevis Sanssac ki klavs. simsvidit miire Seni gamarjvebebic da damarcxebebic, 20

21 fexebi myarad gedgas miwaze, xolo Tavi Sens qudze samjer ufro daipatarave. pit samprasis kariera am sityvebis Sesabamisad warimarta. TavSi avardna savsebit ar Cvevia am, zogiertis azrit, mosawyen pirovnebas. magram mxolod Tavmdabloba ver mogagebinebs Grand Slam -is ert titulsac ki _ piriqit. didebis moyvare sakmao raodenobis adamianebsac moupovebiat es wodeba. magram ati titulis mosagebad ki ara mxolod genialuri TamaSi, aramed didebisatvis mzadyofnas aris sawiro. WeSmariti dideba dakavsirebulia ara TavmdablobasTan, ara ostatobastan, da TviT niwtanac ki, aramed upirveles yovlisa xedvastan mkafio da Sorsgamwvdom xedvastan, romelic Zalas azlevs genioss musuri motminebit misdios Tavis xelovnebas; xedvastan, romelic daculia Seryvnisagan. saxeli da bedi aris danisnulebis adgili, xolo WeSmariti dideba mogzaurobaa. didebis am mogzaurobas gansakutrebulad kargad esadageba pit samprasis, msromeli berzeni emigrantis mzrunveli Svilis, pirovneba. bevri ram SeiZleba Tqva mis mexdamtex marjvena dartymaze, Tavisi sinatifit da simartivit ubadlo Cawodebaze. magram bevr sxva motamasesac aqvs SesaniSnavi dartymebi da miwis Semazanzarebeli Cawodebebi. pit samprasis udidesi niwi da udidesi iarari ganvitarebis unaria, anu mzaoba imisatvis rom Tavisi mogzauroba didebamde miiyvanos. barbara streizandi SesaZloa martali iyo, rodesac andre agasis metad zrdasruli kaci uwoda, magram pit samprasi sxva Camosxmisaa. igi zrdasrulia rogorc CogburTeli, da es saocrad harmoniulad aris Serwymuli misi cxovrebis sxva mxareebtanac. axla Cven SeveCvieT am harmonias, iseve rogorc SeveCvieT pit samprasis pirovnebisa da misi mirwevebis araert aracveulebriv aspeqts. magram SeuZlebelia gaviazrot Tu rogor gaxda samprasi, Tu ar gavixsenebt or SemTxvevas, romelic mas Tavisi karieris dasawyissi gadaxda. im dros jer kidev ar iyo savsebit cxadi, gaxdeboda Tu ara es uarresad niwieri, magram askarad upretenzio axalgazrda, ert_erti wamyvani motamase wels, rodesac samprasi mxolod 20 wlis iyo, magram ukve wina wlis amerikis Ria CempionatSi gamarjvebulis tituls icavda, is jim kuriestan damarcxda US OPEN _is meotxedfinalsi. wagebis Semdeg samprasma iqneb daufiqreblad, magram gulwrfelad ariara TiTqos erti tona aguri momxsnes mxrebidano. sxvadasxva motamaseebma, dawyebuli samprasis megobar jim kuriedan da misi ufrosi Tanamemamule jimi konorsit damtavrebuli, aranakleb mzime tvirti akides samprass, rodesac gaakritikes misi amgvari damokidebuleba warmatebisadmi. dres, rodesac am incidents ixsenebs, samprasi ambobs: Tuki arsebobs raime, rac me mitqvams Cemi karieris ganmavlobasi da minda axla ukan davibruno, swored es gamonatqvamia. magram saqme is aris, rom im etapze me pirovnuladac da TamaSiTac jer kidev sakmaod nedli viyavi. masin martlad vtqvi is, rasac ganvicdidi. me ar viyavi darwmunebuli, rom namdvilad SemeZlo momego momdevno didi slemis tituli. amerikis momdevno Ria Cempionatze samprasma finaluri Sexvedra Stefan edbergtan waago, adamiantan, romelic im dros Tavisi SesaZleblobebis mwvervalze imyofeboda. mistvis es iyo ara mxolod cudi, aramed gamanadgurebeli damarcxebac. am dromde finalsi gasvlas warmatebad arviqvamdi, ambobs samprasi, magram, am TamaSis wagebis Semdeg me gavocdi, rodesac vigrzeni, Tu rogor viwvodi Sinaganad. vixsenebdi matcs da mivxvdi, rom 21

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