Improve and protect your soil

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1 Improve and protect your soil Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops

2 Green Manure Blends SAATEN UNION are the market leaders in Europe for catch and cover crops and a leading specialist in biological control of nematodes and soil borne diseases. Since 2013 Elsoms have been working closely with SAATEN UNION to make their wealth of specialist varieties and information available to UK farmers and growers. Oil radish and black oat Viterra INTENSIV mix Soil nutrients Catch crops can improve the content and management of nutrients in the soil. Losses of existing nutrients due to leaching are reduced whilst, through incorporation and/or through the nature of the catch crop, nutrient levels can be increased and released back into the soil at a time when the next crop can use them. Soil structure The vigorous, extensive and deep rooting habits of catch crops such as oil radish can significantly improve the structure and quality of soil. Soil health Catch crops can have a very beneficial effect on soil health with respect to pests and diseases such as Take All, Beet Cyst Nematode, Tobacco Rattle Virus, Free Living Nematodes etc. They can also prevent the build-up of diseases such as club root. Water management A vigorous catch crop will provide excellent ground cover that will significantly reduce soil moisture loss due to evaporation during the summer. The water holding capacity of soil can be considerably improved as a result of an increase in humus content produced by the use of a catch crop, whilst improvements in soil structure will improve the rate at which soil drains. Reduced risk of soil erosion The presence of a catch crop with a strong root structure and good ground cover can significantly reduce the risk of soil erosion. This is of particular importance on fens and light, sandy soils. Weed control Catch crops perform an excellent role in suppressing weeds and volunteers by smothering them with their dense canopies and vigorous growth. Companion seeding between crops can reduce the requirement for herbicides. Bees and insects Catch crops can provide a much needed and plentiful source of late fodder for bees and other beneficial insects. Biomass As well as improving the yield potential of other crops, catch crops can provide a direct tangible benefi t by improving the biomass available for AD plants and silage for livestock. Greening Catch and cover crops can play a specific role in helping a grower comply with their EFA requirements. 02 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Image: Saia Oat, Phacelia, Mustard Elsoms trial grounds, 5 weeks after drilling. Telephone:

3 INTENSIV Viterra Mixes Green Manure Blends Recovery mix for intensive and potato crop rotations Black oat PRATEX Multi resistant oil radish DEFENDER DEFENDER Oil Radish Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction Deep and fine root system Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora April till end of August kg/ha Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence 2-4 cm Description: High performing multipurpose mixture for intensive crop rotations Constituents: Multi resistant oil radish and black oat Sowing Period: April to September typically July to early September Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: A powerful mixture combining the considerable soil health benefits of DEFENDER multi resistant oil radish and PRATEX black oat. The combined root systems of the oil radish and the black oat have an impressive effect on soil structure, stabilising the soil and providing considerable benefits for the following crop. A rapidly establishing crop, the combination of the two species provides excellent ground cover, suppressing weeds and providing an excellent biomass yield to improve soil organic matter content when incorporated. A seed rate of 50kgs per ha should be used if soil health is a key objective however 25kgs per ha would be effective if soil structure and ground cover is the focus Suitable for: Sugar beet, potatoes and intensive crops Greening: Does not currently comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing PRATEX Black Oat Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 04 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

4 UNIVERSAL Viterra Mixes Green Manure Blends Green manure no cruficers ideal for OSR rotation Black oat: PRATEX, phacelia: ANGELIA Ideal for OSR rotations Egyptian clover ANGELIA Phacelia Thin stems for good soil tillage Fast early development Good weed suppression Heterodera schachtii Club root (Plasmodiophora April till September kg/ha Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil 2 cm Description: Crucifer free, green manure crop ideal for OSR rotations Constituents: Phacelia, black oat, egyptian clover Sowing Period: April to September typically July to early September Sowing Rate: 25kgs per ha Concept: A rapidly establishing vigorous crop with good drought tolerance that stabilises the soil, supresses weeds and improves soil organic matter content when incorporated. Planted in early summer it can help retain soil moisture, whilst planted in the winter its frost susceptible constituents make it an ideal mulch crop. Black oat provides excellent root development, high biomass production and can have a beneficial effect on free living nematodes and their effects on subsequent crops. Phacelia provides wonderful dense ground cover resulting in excellent weed suppression. Egyptian clover facilitates the performance of the mixture and improves soil fertility Suitable for: Late sown cereals, spring sown crops, summer cover crop Greening: May comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing PRATEX Black Oat Reduction of root lesion nematodes Very fast early development High production of organic matter TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 06 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

5 WICKROGGEN Viterra Mixes Winter hardy whole crop blend Winter rye: Matador Winter vetch Ideal for late sowing Description: Winter hardy whole crop silage mix Constituents: Matador winter rye and winter vetch Sowing Period: September to early November Green Manure Blends Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: Matador has a robust and aggressive growth habit that provides rapid establishment, extensive rooting structure and potentially high biomass yield. Winter vetch improves soil fertility and enhances the performance of Matador whilst improving the protein content of the whole crop harvest Suitable for: Maize: Ideal following maize, stabilising the soil, suppressing weeds, improving soil quality and improving soil drainage. If following with maize, incorporate into soil to improve soil organic matter content or take an early silage cut depending on circumstances Spring Cereals and Sugar Beet: As above incorporate to improve soil organic matter content Greening: May comply with greening regulations check regulations in force at time of sowing MATADOR Population Rye Recommendation Late sowing, mulch sowing Ear emergence EARLY LATE Maturity EARLY LATE Yield structure Ears/m 2 TGW Grains/ear Hagberg / Falling number Raw protein content Dry and poor soils: 15th of September until end of October, better soils: 20th of September until beginning of November Seed rate Locally adapted Plant height Medium Lodging resistance Plant growth regulator Locally adapted Disease resistance Mildew Rhynchosporium Brown rust Ergot Fungicides for intensive cultivation Trusted population variety with fast and vigorous establishment Flexible use for grain, whole plant silage and cover crop in rotations with maize Protects soils from erosion, improves the humus balance Normal disease pressure combination product in EC Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

6 CONTRA Oil Radish Impressive multi resistant variety Long vegetative growth Deep/intensive roots Description: High performing multi resistant oil radish Sowing Period: April to end of August Sowing Rate: kgs per ha depending on role of crop Concept: A powerful variety, selected for its excellent properties in countering soil borne pests and diseases combined with a late flowering habit and hence extended vegetative growth period to enhance the effectiveness of the variety. CONTRA also provides the benefi ts of classic oil radish varieties in terms of improving soil structure and stability, suppressing weeds and improving soil organic matter content Suitable for: Sugar Beet: Level one BCN control Potatoes, Carrots, Peas & Bulbs: can have a positive effect on a range of pest and diseases such as tobacco rattle virus, rhizoctonia and pythium Multi resistant Up to 90% BCN reduction Reduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. hapla, M. incognita and M. javanica Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora April till end of August kg/ha Good soil preparation for an evenly fi eld emergence 2-4 cm Leaching control / N-retention 10 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

7 AKIRO Oil Radish ALBATROS White Mustard Suppresses weeds and improves soil structure Very effective classic type Establishes rapidly, deep root structure Establishes and develops rapidly Excellent weed suppression Good erosion control Heterodera schachtii Meloidogyne hapla Ditylenchus dipsaci Rhizoctonia April till early September kg/ha Slight preparation of the upper soil is sufficient 2-4 cm P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG Specifically selected for its rapid establishment, AKIRO is ideally suited to exploit the short gaps typically present in UK crop rotation systems. AKIRO is a highly effective green manure variety that provides a very cost effective solution to retaining and improving soil quality and fertility, whilst suppressing weeds and improving water management. AKIRO rapidly establishes a broad dense canopy that is ideal for soil shading to preserve soil moisture content and prevent erosion, as well as performing an excellent role in suppressing weeds and grasses. AKIRO s deep, widely branched root system opens up the subsoil for succeeding crops as well as improving the performance of subsequent cultivations. The organic matter produced by the excellent root network enhances soil structure and enriches soil organic matter content. AKIRO can perform a valuable role in retaining nitrogen remaining in the soil following cereals, reducing nutrient losses due to leaching and protecting ground water quality. ALBATROS is classic fast growing, white mustard that has been widely and successfully used by farmers for many years as a short term economic, green manure crop. ALBATROS establishes and grows rapidly, providing excellent ground cover and weed suppression. The variety has excellent drought tolerance and can be drilled through to late September making it an ideal short term green manure crop following cereals. ALBATROS has an intensive, far-reaching root system that builds a solid soil structure rich in organic matter. The crop rapidly produces large amounts of vegetative growth which can either be incorporated directly into the soil or used as a mulch crop. ALBATROS can perform a highly effective role in protecting soil against erosion and retaining nitrogen reserves. Ditylenchus dipsaci TRV Rhizoctonia Club root (Plasmodiophora After cereal harvest: July till September kg/ha Slight preparation of the upper soil is sufficient 1-2 cm P. H. PETERSEN Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH & Co KG 12 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

8 ANGELIA Phacelia PRATEX Black Oat Ideal for OSR rotations Ideal for arable and root crop rotation Rapid establishment and growth Impressive all round qualities Thin stemmed variety Rapid early establishment Heterodera schachtii Club root (Plasmodiophora April to September kg/ha Fine crumbling, reconsolidated soil 2 cm Phacelia belongs to the Hydrophylloideae family making it an ideal catch crop, especially for arable rotations containing oilseed rape, where including radish and mustard could be problematic. Rapidly establishing phacelia performs an excellent role in reducing soil erosion and improving soil structure. ANGELIA was specifically developed for its thin stems to improve its break down once incorporated and has become a firm favourite with growers for green manure and erosion control catch crops. An ideal catch crop for rotations containing oilseed rape or root crops. This rapidly establishing black or bristle oat (Avena Strigosa) plays a valuable role in improving soil health, reducing soil erosion and in producing good yields of biomass for use as silage or in AD plants. PRATEX, as a cereal, provides an effective method for improving the management of Pratylenchus and TRV without the rotational compromises required when using other species such as radish or mustard. TRV After cereal harvest: July till September Green manure: kg/ha nematode control kg/ha Low seed placement in reconsolidated soil 2-4 cm 14 Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Telephone:

9 CONTRA Multi-Resistant Oil Radish Level 1 BCN control Late flowering extended vegetative growth Deep and intensive rooting system Wide sowing window Rapid establishment Reduces soil erosion Excellent weed suppression Strong biofumigant properties Easy to manage Nematode multi resistance Disease multi resistance Designed by Highest BCN 1 Nematodes resistance level Beet Cyst A Step Forward in Variety Performance Elsoms Seeds Ltd, Pinchbeck Road, Spalding, Lincolnshire PE11 1QG t +44 (0) f +44 (0)

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