2 WHITE ISLAND EAST CAPE OPOTIKI GISBORNE AUCKLAND MAHIA WELLINGTON CHRISTCHURCH is situtd on t m T y w. Th highw urny T A rn o Jo b is k G io d n W i Th Opotik d hills stp forst y 2 btwn th h g u ro th s Stt Highw rivr t crvd by. follows rou Scnic Rsr v rg o G k of th Wio n stblishd rs hv b urg Svn rst nc si l gorg to nco op p llngd s through th ch t s si drivr h t c r du r ul, rst nd th gorg. This butif op in st d to liv rs d l l n trv tor to Wiok vlld rly Mori tr trvlling in ificnt contribu of gn si ng, l u l tig ch f n pnls t ch s th In rcnt yr nts. Informtio numbrs of d ci gh hi c in cl d hi lt v rsu ltur, gology, th gorg hs th histor y, cu of ll t t si th gorg. rod ccidnts. nd cology of, t m T w d vrsions Journy T A crsing u will find dit in yo Th Wiok t t l d ok m i bo t is In th Th Wiok cy projc tion pnls in is multi-gn whr drivrs rm s fo is op in st 18 st r th g of. Storis of th ovidin w Tmt rod sfty, pr m of th A so T r r ov y fo sc n n di ur k d Jo k n b t not plc to cn tk br in gncis. Th two m r show it is rg hs tht go pt y d nc th g n of A s stori t hs hidd Trnsport bu Z d, N t n th gr n b popl for involvd hv srvtion. ht nd chllng on lig C d of t ill w n tm com. nd th Dpr ction with NZ gnrtions to kd in conjun t n id cc A, ty Thy hv wor n mnt By of Pl Polic, Environ potiki nd O n, tio r po Cor Fir Srvic Compnstion Z Councils, N t ic tr is D rn k nd T Gisbo ti Ir o Wiow g N i, iw l c lo nd ki. Aitng Mh nginring combintion of Sinc 2004, ds, nhncd, signg upgr ititivs, improvmnts d duction in n t n m rc fo polic n igns, hv vivr cmp R v ri D g in sfty. includ improv drivr to d t ig st in bn
3 Ki or nd wlcom to th Wiok Gorg butiful, voctiv, with mny storis to tll. Thr is mor thn on nm for th gorg. For som this r is known s Wiowk, but t prsnt th officil nm is Wiok. On this journy t Turng, Goldsmiths, Opon, Th Monumnt, Mngnuku, Opto nd t Mthn, you cn discovr storis bout this uniqu plc. Som of ths origint with Tmt, lgndry nvigtor nd xplorr. Tmt journyd hr lving lgcy of tls nd plc-nms. Thy includ T Rotonui Awi, smll lk crtd by th footprint of Tmt, plc whr ls with mny tils r to b found. H is sid to hv stmpd his ft, crting pool of wtr which h usd to qunch th thirst of his dughtr. By th lt 20th cntury, th govrnmnt progrssivly ddd rtird frmlnd to th Wiok Gorg Scnic Rsrv to protct wtr ctchmnts. Rgnrting bush hlpd rduc rosion, improv wtr qulity nd protct th Opotiki plins from flooding. Tody, nglrs, kykrs, trmprs, huntrs nd wlkrs pprcit th rcrtionl opportunitis of th r. Th lnd is stp, th soil poor hrd going plc for th rly sttlrs nd trvllrs. A plc with tls of hrdship, ingnuity nd dpttion nd th rspons of th lndscp to th impct of mn. Th gorg cuts through rngs of stp-sidd hills rising from 400 mtrs nr th cost to 1000 mtrs inlnd. Th hrd yt brittl grywck hs bn showrd with volcnic sh nd pumic ovr thousnds of yrs. Vgttion includs cnopis of tw, rimu, miro, totr nd niku plms, togthr with covr of frn, mnuk nd knuk.
4 TAURANGA: TAU(ARRIVE) RANGA (ALIGHT) A rcognisd lnding nd rsting plc of wk on th Wiowk Rivr. Rivrs wr th min mns of trvlling in thos tims pst. HONE KAMETA Ngti Ir o Wiowk MATAHANEA: MATA (FACE) HA (BREATH) NEA (REFERRING TO TAWHIRIMATEA THE GOD OF WINDS AND STORMS) You r trvlling through th trditionl lnds of Ngti Ir o Wiowk. Th ncstors of Ngti Ir migrtd to Aotro on th wk Tuwhnu. Thir first mjor sttlmnt ws t Wirt whr th Wiowk Rivr ntrs th gorg. Fiv p (fortifid sttlmnt) sits r still visibl thr. Ltr th wk Mt-tu brought sttlrs, Ruiho, Ruk, Mnu, Wk, Toro. Following on from Toro cm Wirk nd Tmt ki t Huthi. It is from th tipun (ncstor) Wk tht Ngti Ir o Wiowk drivs its nm. P Sit P Sit P Sit Mthn P Sit Hr Mi Wlcom to th Turng Vlly ntrnc on th Wiok Journy. On this prt of th journy you cn xplor th Turng Vlly whr sttlrs trid nd fild to frm th lnd. To rch th vlly you will cross th ntionlly significnt historic Turng Bridg. Fmilis, frmrs, nginrs nd buildrs took up th chllng to sttl nd provid ccss to this vlly. th grss ws bought in Gisborn, snt by stmr to Aucklnd, snt bck to Opotiki by smll costl bot, thn crtd by dry s fr s possibl, thn by pck hors th rst of th journy. MARY ANN ENSOR Strtd bush frming with hr husbnd in th Wiok Gorg 1905 Ngti Ir sttld on th Wiowk flts nd built p on nrby hills. Bhind th hill to your lft is Mthn P, n importnt sit for Ngti Ir. S shlls cn still b sn thr from ftr ki (mls). Mthn cn b sn from pproximtly hlf kilomtr pst T Aroro bridg. P Sit Th trditionl boundris of Ngti Ir o Wiowk xtnd from Witngi (th Opotiki Cmtry) to th boundris of Turngnui. Lnd from Witngi to Mthn ws tkn by th Crown in th 1860s. Furthr lnd ws confisctd from Mthn to Turngnui by th Crown undr th 1873 Sttlmnt Act. Mthn P Ngti Ir rmin tody on rmnnts of thos confisctions round Opk Mr t th mouth of th Wiowk Gorg. HONE KAMETA - Ngti Ir o Wiowk
5 th sd prt of our lif ws sing numbr of mn crrid out through bush flling ccidnts; som would b bdly smshd bout whil othrs would b dd. MARY ANN ENSOR Strtd bush frming with hr husbnd in th Wiok Gorg 1905 th old suspnsion bridg ws crrid wy by flood in Sinc thn th sttlrs hv bn bttling with this rivr nd brut of crossing. ALICK TRAFFORD Wiok frmr 1921 CLEARING THE LAND Europn sttlmnt of th Wiok Gorg bgn in th 1880s with som lnd lloctd for stock nd duction rsrvs. Sttlmnt intnsifid in th rly 1900s. In 1907 thr wr 400 pplictions for 700 cr (238 hctr) block t Opon. Th min chllng ws ccss. Gngs of workrs wr contrctd to clr th bush with concrns risd bout th ffct bush clrnc would hv on th stp hillsids. Th Turng Bridg stnds s monumnt to th commitmnt of sttlrs dtrmind to mk living off th lnd of th Wiok. Thy shrd sns of optimism nd hop, bliving thy could mk go of frming this inhospitbl plc. SETTLING IN Th first dwllings wr rough whr of pitswn timbr nd corrugtd iron, som ltr rplcd by mor substntil homs. As sttlmnts grw, shops opnd t Mthn nd Opon nd tlphon connction ws stblishd. In th rly 1920s hlf tim school ws stblishd btwn Opon nd Wirt. THE CHALLENGE OF THE LAND Stock ndd to b fd. This provd big chllng s th soil ws not frtil nough to mintin vigorous grss growth. Much of th lnd rvrtd to frn, bidibidi nd winbrry. Proprtis wr lost in mortgg sls, othrs simply bndond. Fmilis who sttld in this r includd th Bufoys, Hmiltons nd Lmbrts. Thy ll took up lss in 1906 with th Bufoys nd Lmbrts lving in Ths rly sttlrs hd drm but in hindsight it is clr tht som lnd is not mnt to b frmd. Thir lss wr incorportd in to wht is now th Wiok Gorg Scnic Rsrv. THE CHALLENGE OF ACCESS Rivr crossings wr difficult nd oftn trchrous, hnc th nd for bridg to link th frms of th Turng Vlly with th outsid world. Th Turng Bridg is th scond to cross th Wiok t this point, th first bing dstroyd by flood in April Aftr th dstruction of th first bridg cbl crossing ws usd whil dcisions wr md bout rplcmnt. Th scond bridg ws dsignd by th Public Works Dprtmnt nd built by Prcy Krr, probbly in THE BRIDGE Th Turng Bridg is singl spn multipl rop or hrp suspnsion bridg spnning pproximtly 60 mtrs. It is on of only two rmining of its typ in Nw Zlnd. It is of ntionl significnc for its rrity of dsign nd sthtic qulity, nd is listd s Ctgory 1 Historic Plc with th Nw Zlnd Historic Plcs Trust. Th Turng Bridg fll into disrpir nd bcm dngrous. A consrvtion projct ws inititd by th Dprtmnt of Consrvtion nd th bridg ws officilly ropnd in DOC mngs ongoing consrvtion of th bridg with finncil support from th Environmnt By of Plnty Environmntl Enhncmnt Fund.
6 A 21st cntury visitor to Wiok onc commntd to DOC workr, This plc is butiful so who plntd ll ths trs? Th nswr, for most of th ntiv trs, is nobody. Th primry forst ws hr long bfor popl rrivd in Aotro. Th youngr ntiv trs in rs of scondry forst hv filld gps crtd by slips or lnd clrnc for frms tht wr ltr bndond. Introducd plnts (including pin plnttions nd old fruit nd ornmntl trs from bndond sttlmnts), wr plntd by lndownrs, such s th Goldsmiths who onc frmd in this r. Som introducd plnts hv hd thir sds sprd by wind, wtr nd birds nd r now wds. A CHANGING LANDSCAPE Ntiv forsts constntly chng in rspons to nvironmntl prssurs. Kmhi onc domintd th primry forst of th gorg, but th spcis is disppring bcus it is fvourit food for possums. Tw is now prvlnt. If lnd isn t constntly kpt clr, colonising spcis such s frn, mnuk nd knuk r-mrg. Th sttlrs who trid to frm this lnd htd frn. Its pprnc in pddocks ws rmindr tht in this plc, mintining pstur ws hrd work. Aftr frms wr bndond, th ntiv forst grdully rturnd. Hr young rwrw trs r mrging from th brodlf vgttion domintd by putputwt nd tr-frns (mmku nd whki). This crts txtur of diffrnt colours nd shps. Evntully th lrgr trs will ovrshdow th scondry (nw growth) vgttion. Ntiv vgttion hs hrdr tim stblishing on th frtil flts nd lowr slops whr pstur grsss prsist. Highr up, scondry (nw growth) ntivs hv tkn hold. Notic th primry (old growth) trs growing long th top ridg. Goldsmiths In th pst, this hillsid ws kpt clr nd usd s frmlnd. Tody, colonising ntiv shrubs lik mnuk nd tr-frns such s mmku, whki nd silvr frn, hv strtd th rgnrtion procss. For most of th 20th cntury, droving ws th only wy to gt stock through th gorg. In th 1980s, fncd pddocks (lik th r cross th rod from this sit) wr st sid to provid grzing nd protct th bush from roming stock. Truck trnsport of stock md th pddocks rdundnt. Ths dys, nturl rvgttion is slowd by comptition from wds nd browsing by pst nimls so voluntrs hv hlpd th procss by plnting ntiv trs in th old pddocks. Drovrs in th Wiok, This slop, burnt in 2006, provids n xmpl of rcntly clrd lnd whr th r-vgttion procss hs just bgun. In 2008, whn this photo ws tkn, th r ws domintd by rly colonisrs lik brckn frn nd ntiv shrubs lik mnuk.
7 TE MATAARA O NGA WAI RERE RUA: TE MATAARA (LOOKOUT) O NGA WAI RERE (WATERFALL) RUA (TWO) This plc cn b found downstrm on th othr sid of th rivr btwn two wtrflls. It ws usd s sntinl lookout to rport on popl moving up nd down th rivr. HONE KAMETA - Ngti Ir o Wiowk w found vry lrg quntitis of food plntd hr, som 5 crs of tro, nd mny crs of miz. It is th lrgst ntiv plnttion I rmmbr to hv sn. COLONEL THOMAS PORTER - Diry 1870 In th rly 20th cntury, lrg prts of th Wiok Gorg wr clrd nd burnt nd rplcd by pstorl grsslnd. Th frms wr ltr bndond nd ntiv bush grdully rturnd. Scondry (nw growth) ntiv vgttion cn now b rcognisd by its lightr colour nd finr txtur. Primry (old growth) forsts hv drkr colour nd corsr txtur. Most of this stp southfcing slop is primry (old growth) ntiv forst tht hs nvr bn clrd. Th min tr spcis is tw. Notic th drkr forst forming nrrow strips on two spurs (scondry ridgs). Thr r mny plcs ssocitd with Tmt, ncstor of Ngti Ir. Thy includ T Kroro Tmt (th sgull of Tmt) mssiv whit rock 200 mtrs upstrm from hr which ws blstd in n ffort to improv wtr flow. It is sid th rock ws th most inlnd point tht sgulls would visit. Furthr downstrm w com to T Hru Tmt (th comb of Tmt) lrg rock in th shp of lddr. NGATI IRA Th Wiok hs bn occupid by Ngti Ir for hundrds of yrs. Mny p sits hv bn idntifid, including numbr nr th ntrnc to th gorg. In th 1860s, Ngti Ir sttld nr hr t Mrti P undr th ldrship of Hir T Popo. Thy hd bn ttckd by govrnmnt troops t numbr of p sits nrr Opotiki. Opon s strtgic loction providd both scurity nd n bundnt food supply. Thy rmind hr for fiv yrs, mrging in 1870 to sttl t Opk Mr t th Opotiki ntrnc to th gorg. Th nrrow strips of drkr forst r podocrps (conifrs) rimu nd miro, blivd to hv stblishd on stp spurs burnt bout 400 yrs go. Th spurs my hv bn burnt to provid ccss to nd visibility from th high vntg points on th min ridg. Th ridg is T Tii, nd commnds clr viw of th vlly. In th 20th cntury locl iwi wr hvily involvd in th construction nd mintnnc of th rod through th gorg. Mny livd in this r in Ministry of Works huts, with childrn gthring fruit from trs tht wr plntd in th 1860s. Trs giv us clus bout whthr lnd ws clrd rcntly or long go. Th digonl bnd of tllr trs running through th cntr of this photo is mostly rwrw. It is much oldr thn th nw growth brodlf scrub in th forground. Pon mns food bskt, Opon mns your food bskt. A nturl hbitt for th tun, inng nd krru, Opon ws usd s strtgic r, with ll its convnincs, scurity, strtgic loclity nd bundnt food sourc. In th mid 1860s th Crown troops plundrd Opotiki nd Ngti Ir bor th brunt of this. Troops dvsttd nd lvlld thir p, T Trt, on th Wiowk flts with th Crown prcticing its scorchd rth policy. HONE KAMETA - Ngti Ir o Wiowk
8 Th cv is sid to b imprgnbl nd of lrg siz so lrg tht thy hv plnttions t th bottom; th sids ovrhng, nd thy go down by rop lddr. F.E. HAMLIN - soldir who ld n xpdition ginst T Kooti TE KOOTI T Kooti, foundr of th Ringtu Church, ws on of th grt Mori ldrs, prophts nd militry tcticins of th 19th cntury. H hd mny confronttions with Crown troops during th lt 1860s, trvlling long distncs cross much of th cntrl nd strn prts of th North Islnd. T Kooti movd to this r in 1869 nd lft ltr th sm yr. At th tim thr ws substntil villg nr hr t Mrthi. SETTLEMENT AT MARAETAHI Th villg ws built upstrm on th rivr flt t th foot of th old p on th wstrn bnk. It consistd of 16 houss, with svrl othrs scttrd littl highr up. Whn T Kooti lft in 1869 som of his popl rmind to plnt grdns. H vowd to rturn. A lrg hous ws built, whr krki, or prying hous, during his bsnc. BATTLE IN THE WAIOEKA For som yrs, T Kooti ws in conflict with th Crown ovr lnd disputs nd injustics, oftn rsulting in bloodshd. Ths conflicts ld to svrl xpditions bing mountd ginst him. In Mrch 1870 Mjor Ropt Whwh, who with Colonl Portr ws lding on such xpdition, ncountrd T Kooti s gurd nr Mrthi P, upstrm from hr. Nintn whkru (T Kooti supportrs) wr cught nd xcutd in th rivrbd. Portr ws told tht thr wr 67 mn in th p t th tim, th min body of popl wr in fct highr up th rivr t Ripw P. ESCAPE UP RIVER Aftr th ttck, thos tht could, scpd in diffrnt dirctions including T Kooti, with four of his wivs nd group of pproximtly 20. A uniform sid to b his, ws found in th bush by his pursurs ftr thy burnt Mrthi P. Hir T Popo lso scpd. Thr r mny storis of T Kooti s scp. On suggsts tht T Kooti ws hiddn in grt cv t th hd of th Wiok. T Kooti rmind for som tim in th uppr rchs of th Wiok until h mountd n ttck on Uw (Tolg By) in July. H vntully rturnd to th Wiok. Howvr in Jnury 1871 whn Ropt nd Portr finlly found his sttlmnt t T Wr (his plc of snctury ftr Mrthi), no on ws thr. In Fbrury 1870 th Crown offrd 5000 rwrd for th cptur of T Kooti. A mjor cmpign ws mountd nd h vntully withdrw up th Wiok, r-stblishing himslf hr. butifully finishd hous 84 foot long, nd 30 foot brod. It stood 9 ft high t th vs, nd its btn rth floor ws covrd with 2 long cross plitd mts running th lngth of th building. At th cntr of ch mt, scripturl nms hd bn workd in rd wool, in lttrs 6 inchs in dpth. In ddition thr ws prtty littl crvd hous which hd bn built s T Kooti s privt bod. Altogthr thr wr 42 houss in nd round this sttlmnt. COLONEL PORTER - Diry 1870 Photo courtsy Aucklnd City Librris.
9 This fin nd butiful lnd crvd out of impossibility QUOTE FROM A SPEECH GIVEN AT THE OFFICIAL OPENING IN 1962 on of th most trchrous, dngrous nd stpst rods in Nw Zlnd GISBORNE PHOTO NEWS Mori hv ccssd this dnsly bush-covrd lndscp for hundrds of yrs. Thy crtd trcks nd usd th oftn trchrous Wiok Rivr to ccss grdns nd stblish tmporry sttlmnts on its bnks. By th 1800s mny popl wr trvlling in this r including missionris who covrd grt distncs, nduring considrbl hrdship to sprd th word of God. As th r opnd up to sttlmnt, th vry thing tht crtd this gorg, th rivr, providd th grtst brrir to crting rod. In fct, for long tim, th Motu Rod ws th prfrrd rout whn trvlling btwn By of Plnty nd th Est Cost. CUTTING TRACKS Accss ws difficult but rly sttlrs wr dtrmind to cut trcks to thir sctions. Th work ws dngrous nd in plcs thr ws vrticl cutting bov th trck with stright drop to th rivr blow. By th rly 1900s thr ws dry (crt) rod from Opotiki to th mouth of th Wiok Gorg. Accss from Gisborn bcm priority nd so rough trck ws formd through to Opto in By th nd of World Wr I (1918), rod hd bn formd rching Opon, with trck on to Mtwi. It ws hrd going but vntully link ws compltd through th Wiok from th By of Plnty to Gisborn. Th mmoril plqu t this sit ws unvild on 15 Dcmbr 1962 whn th Wiok Gorg highwy ws officilly opnd. Th vnt drw crowd of ovr 400 popl with on ppr rporting, Th occsion mrkd th nd of on of th most ruggd rod rconstruction jobs don in Nw Zlnd tht of crving full-width highwy through th 25 mils of unstbl, nr vrticl gorg which follows th tortuous pth of th Wiok Rivr. Erlir, in 1959, th Ministry of Works bgn work to convrt th grvl rod to sld two-ln highwy. A cmp ws built t Opon nd t on point hd ovr 20 singl mns huts nd four houss. Cmps wr lso stblishd t Opto Bridg, Sndy s Bridg nd Chintown (nr Mtwi). At this tim th Wiok ws hiv of ctivity with ths tmporry sttlmnts springing up t diffrnt points long th bnks of th rivr. It ws dngrous undrtking rquiring rock-blsting nd working on stp nd unstbl trrin. Rock flls wr common. Th thr mn who trgiclly lost thir livs whil building th rod r commmortd t this sit. Photos courtsy Whktn Musum.
10 Hv you vr wondrd wht bcoms of whitbit whn its lif isn t frittrd wy? Thy my b smll but whitbit r th most wll-known of our ntiv fish spcis. Wiok Rivr mouth > Mngnuku is populr cmping plc on th Wiok Journy. Hr you cn lrn of th chllngs fcing ntiv fish spcis s thy ngotit thir prilous journy from th s to ths butiful wtrwys bfor you. Th Wiok nd ll th strms tht flow in to it rprsnt lrg nd rltivly nturl rivr systm. Th rivr flows north from its sourc in th Huiru Rngs to its outlt on th Est Cost t Opotiki, providing hom for both ntiv nd introducd fish spcis. Ntiv spcis includ inng, kokopu nd koro. Th young of ths spcis r commonly known s whitbit. Othr ntiv spcis includ ls, smlt, bullys nd torrnt fish. Ntiv fish wr n importnt prt of th trditionl Mori dit. Nowdys, fishing for introducd trout is populr ctivity throughout th gorg. Dp shdy pools nr th strm bnks will oftn prov rwrding fishing th Opto Strm upstrm of th Mngnuku cn b vry good s fr s Sndy s Bridg. At th bck of th cmpsit is th historic Mngnuku Bridg. It is on of th fw How Truss hrdwood bridgs rmining in Nw Zlnd nd ws originlly prt of th Wiok Gorg rod. Th Mngnuku provids n ccss point for wlks rnging from 2-3 hours to ovrnight xcursions. Thr r numbr of huts n rout. RUNNING THE GAUNTLET Migrtory fish fc mny chllngs on thir journys btwn rivr nd s. Th first, ftr living t s for 4-6 months, is running th guntlt of whitbitrs nts t th mouth of th Wiok Rivr. If thy mk it pst th nts nd don t bcom frittr, thr r furthr chllngs hd. Ths includ pollution from dvlopd lnd s wll s mn-md structurs such s wirs nd dms. WATER QUALITY Good qulity wtr is ssntil for hlthy fish popultions. Forsts bordring th wtrwys of th Wiok Gorg hlp provid hlthy nvironmnt by rducing rosion, thus minimising th mount of sdimnt ntring th wtrwys. For fish, swimming in wtr full of floting sdimnt is lik prson trying to brth in smok-filld room. Whn sdimnt sttls on th rivrbd it smothrs fish nd insct burrows. Koro > For informtion bout cmping nd othr rcrtionl ctivitis in th Wiok, pls visit DOC Visitor Cntr or th wbsit: < Torrnt Fish MANGA (STREAM) NUKU (SHIFTED) O-MAU-KORA (STAYED THERE) Long go th Omukor nd Mngnuku strms flowd in th sm vlly. Aftr tim of flooding in to ch othr, qurrls nd rgumnts strtd, nd thn fights. Mngnuku hd nough of this nd dcidd I m out of hr, thn shiftd to its prsnt sit. HONE KAMETA - Ngti Ir o Wiowk Fish photos by Angus McIntosh, Nturl Scincs Img Librry.
11 Whit Islnd > Th columns t Opto nd Mthn provid gtwy to your journy through th Wiok Gorg. Thy ct s pou, signlling th long occuption by tngt whnu tht sits bnth th gorg s mor rcnt storis of frming, rod nd bridg-building xploits. Most of th structurs on th Wiok Journy us ston-filld gbion bskts s thir mjor lmnt. Th gbions r filld with locl rivr ston tkn from th wild Wiok lndscp. You cn s in th photo tht ths bskts wr usd by sttlr frmrs ttmpting to control th movmnt of wtrwys through this country. Ltr thy bcm populr for rod nginring works vry vidnt throughout th gorg. Anothr historicl rfrnc is vidnt in th shltrs tht cho th form of rly rodmn s huts with thir stp-pitchd roofs. Ths structurs illustrt nd clbrt th ingnuity of rly frmrs fcing chllnging lndscp, s wll s fts of modrn rod construction. Th origins of th trib T Aitng Mhki, who r th originl inhbitnts of this prt of th Wiok Gorg, stm from th mrrig of Tuhikuri nd Tmtipuno. Thir story illustrts th ncint connctions nd boundris btwn popl of th northrn nd southrn costs of Est Cp. Th grt chif Khungunu offrd his youngst dughtr Tuhikuri to Tutmur. Tutmur ws th son of Khungunu s nphw Hrutimon, who livd in Opotiki. Tuhikuri wnt to mt with him nd bcm confusd s Tutmur ws with his brothr Tmtipuno. On ws hndsom, th othr not so. Tuhikuri pprochd th hndsom Tmtipuno t which Tutmur got up in disgust nd wnt to look t himslf in still pool of wtr. H rturnd nd told his brothr to tk Tuhikuri nd nvr rturn. Mung Khi (Mhi) > Ki no ko tkhi i rung o Motu, ki kit ko i to pui o Whkri noho iho, h koni - You my look on th smok of Whit Islnd (in th By of Plnty) but com no furthr. This thy did with Tuhikuri nd Tmtipuno rmining togthr t Mung khi (Mhi). Thy hd two sons, Twhiwhi nd Mhki. Hnc sprtion ws stblishd from Whktoh, (strn By of Plnty trib) with th mrgnc of T Aitng Mhki. Trfford Homstd, Wiok Gorg, bout 1924.
12 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: NZ Trnsport Agncy Environmnt By of Plnty Ngti Ir o Wiowk T Aitng Mhki Opus Intrntionl Consultnts Limitd PR Enginring Consultnts Ltd Moorlnd Srvics Ltd Trcks Concrt (2002) Ltd Michl Spdding Rs Morly URBAN_i Brnnn Thoms Rlphotogrphics Procss Signs 1999 Ltd Tirwhiti Musum Dudly Mdows Buff Trfford Estrn Rgion Fish nd Gm NZ NZ Polic, Accidnt Compnstion Corportion, Opotiki District Council, Gisborn District Council, Whktn District Council, NZ Fir Srvic, NZ Rod Trnsport Associtions, NZ Automobil Assocition
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