SPECIAL VOWEL SOUNDS

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1 SPECIAL VOWEL SOUNDS Plas consult th appropriat supplmnt for th corrsponding computr softwar lsson. Rfr to th 42 Sounds Postr for ach of th Spcial Vowl Sounds. TEACHER INFORMATION: Spcial Vowl Sounds (SVS) ar th last of th 42 Sounds of th alphabt. Thy ar shown in circls on th 42 Sounds Postr to hlp studnts rmmbr two things: 1. Both spllings mak th sam sound. 2. Thy ar Spcial Vowl Sounds and not adjacnt vowls. Elmntary Tachrs: Plas s Elmntary Supplmnt Modifications to Lsson Contnt and Squnc Spcial Vowl Sounds Modification #8, p ESOL Not Spcial Vowl Sounds ar difficult for ESOL studnts. It may b ncssary to spnd som xtra tim rviwing ths sounds with ESOL studnts. If studnts hav larnd thir adjacnt vowls wll, thy will rcogniz that ths combinations ar diffrnt. Spcial Vowl Sounds ar actually diphthongs, or vowl blnds. Th sounds of th two vowls ar blndd into a nw sound. This is th first tim studnts will hav sn th consonant w usd as a vowl. It acts as a vowl sound in th combinations aw and ow. Spcial Vowl Sounds AU and AW Th vowl combinations au and aw form th first st of Spcial Vowl Sounds. Th vowl mark, x, is placd undrnath and btwn th two lttrs, sinc thy ar both vowls, and an arc joins thm togthr. Both spllings hav th sam sound, /aw/. Dmonstrat th marking with th following words: h a u l f a u l t s a w y a w n Notic that both au and aw can b usd in th middl of a word. Thr is only on splling hlp: if th sound /aw/ coms at th nd of th word, always us th splling shown in th bottom of th circl on th 42 Sounds Postr, aw. English words nvr nd in au. ESOL Not For practic with ths sounds, rfr to th Minimal Pairs xrciss bginning on p. 309 in th ESOL Supplmnt at th back of this manual. Ask studnts to idntify th au/aw Spcial Vowl Sounds in th following words: d r a w P a u l l a w n l a u n c h h a w k s h a w l s t r a w f a u l t Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 129

2 Spcial Vowl Sounds OU and OW Plas consult th appropriat supplmnt for th corrsponding computr softwar lsson. TEACHER INFORMATION: Notic th long o within th scond circl on th 42 Sounds Postr. Th combination ow changs back and forth btwn saying /ow/, as in now, and /ow/, as in snow. Whn ow says /ow/, as in snow, continu to mark it as a Spcial Vowl Sound, but plac a long vowl mark ovr th o (ow). In words such as bow and row, contxt must b usd to dtrmin th propr sound. Spcial Vowl Sound ou maks a multitud of sounds. It is our most variabl splling. It will only confus studnts to show thm all th variations at onc. 0u, pronouncd /ow/ as in now, is th most-frqunt usag and is, thrfor, taught first. Svral words using th variations of ou ar taught as Most Common Words. A listing of th multipl sounds of ou and xampls of th words associatd with thos sounds is listd blow. Ou can hav th sound of doubl o, /oo/, as in look. It is hard in words such as could, should, and would. Ou can hav th sound of short u, as in tough, rough, touch, and nough. Ou can hav th sound of long o, as in court, fourth, pour, soul, and shouldr. Ou can hav th sound of doubl o, /oo/, as in zoo. This is th normal pronunciation of ou in Frnch, and many of ths words ar borrowd from that languag, such as troup, you, youth, soup, group, through, souvnir, routin, coupon, and cougar. Not: Th combination -ough rprsnts so many diffrnt sounds that th studnt should not attmpt to larn anything spcific about th sound combination. By sounding th consonants prcding -ough accuratly, th contxt will most oftn suggst th appropriat vowl sound. Exampls: brought, although, rough, and slough (ow), tc. To form th scond Spcial Vowl Sound, simply chang th a in au and aw to o. Th scond Spcial Vowl Sound is ou and ow. Thy ar markd th sam, with an x btwn th two vowls and an arc joining th two lttrs. o u t o u c h p r o u d l o u d h o w n o w b r o w n c o w Notic again that if th sound /ow/ nds th word, th splling in th bottom of th circl on th 42 Sounds Postr is usd. Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 130

3 Ow is a spcial Spcial Vowl Sound bcaus it has two sounds. In som words it maks th sound of a long o. (Point out th long o in th circl on th 42 Sounds Postr.) It will mor oftn say /ow/ than /ow/, so if thr ar no contxt clus, try /ow/ first. Dictat th following words in which ou and ow hav th sound /ow/. Thn dictat svral words in which ow changs from /ow/, as in how, to /ow/, as in show. g r o u n d h o u s m o u t h s h o u t r o u n d b l o u s f o u n d c l o u d c r o w n g r o w l f r o w n c l o w n n o w s n o w c o w c r o w p l o w l o w b r o w r o w Spcial Vowl Sounds OI and OY Plas consult th appropriat supplmnt for th corrsponding computr softwar lsson. ESOL Not It may b hlpful to catgoriz lists of words with th ow splling into two columns: words with th /ow/ sound, as in how, and othrs with th /ow/ sound, as in show. Thn giv studnts a passag to rad with words containing both sounds. Assss whthr thy can discrn btwn th two pronunciations. As a guid, you can xplain to studnts that, most of th tim, th sound will b /ow/ as in how, so if thy ar in doubt, thy can try idntifying th word using th /ow/ sound first. As a final rsort, studnts can us a dictionary to chck th pronunciation. S Dictionary Skills guid in th ESOL Supplmnt on p Th Spcial Vowl Sound oi is usd in th middl of words, and oy always coms at th nd of th word ( joy ) or th syllabl ( loyal ). Th fw xcptions appar in nams such as Lloyd or Floyd. o i n k t o i l j o y c o y Dictat th following words. Studnts should listn for whr th sound /oi/ falls in th word. If it falls in th middl of th words, th oi splling is usd. If it falls at th nd of th word, th oy splling is usd. s p o i l f o i l b o y m o i s t v o i d t o y c o i l o i l Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 131

4 Spcial Vowl Sounds OO and OO Plas consult th appropriat supplmnt for th corrsponding computr softwar lsson. Th last two Spcial Vowl Sounds look just th sam. Evn though thy look th sam, thy ar in sparat circls bcaus thy mak diffrnt sounds. On has th sound /oo/, as in look. Th othr has th sound of /oo/, as in zoo. ESOL Not s h o o k z o o m Thr ar usually no spcial markings to indicat whthr a doubl o has th sound /oo/, as in zoo, or /oo/, as in look. Considr sparating words containing ths two sounds into two sparat columns as thy ar taught, or us rcommndd markings taught in th ESOL nots to th right. b r o o m /OO/ as in look words: b r o o k h o o k s h o o k c r o o k t o o k c o o k Nativ spakrs ar so familiar with words containing doubl o s that thy will not hav difficulty with th pronunciation. It might b hlpful for ESOL studnts, howvr, to us th following diacritical markings: a lin that xtnds ovr both o s for th sound /oo/, as in zoo, and a short vowl mark that xtnds ovr both o s for th sound /oo/, as in look. /OO/ as in zoo words: s t o o l t o o t h b o o t f o o l c o o l Suffixs ar simply addd to Spcial Vowl Sounds. b o i l b o i l i n g t h a w t h a w i n g s h o u t s h o u t i n g h a u n t h a u n t i n g ESOL Not It would b hlpful for ESOL studnts to s a varity of words with both th /oo/, as in th zoo sound, and th /oo/, as in th look sound, usd in contxt. For practic with ths sounds, rfr to th Minimal Pairs xrciss bginning on p. 309 in th ESOL Supplmnt at th back of this manual. Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 132

5 Plas consult th appropriat supplmnt for th corrsponding computr softwar lsson. Introduc th Most Common Words List #9. This is th final list of Most Common Words. sugar sur ton wash talk walk truth two young youth toward thought though togthr junior ESOL Not S th modifid MCW list in th ESOL Supplmnt, p again bauty STUDENT INVOVLEMENT: Giv studnts RLC Spcial Vowl Sounds (Pigpns). Th first thr columns practic on-syllabl words using all fiv Spcial Vowl Sounds. Th final column allows practic with multi-syllabic words. Studnts should 1) mark digraphs, blnds, Spcial Vowl Sounds, and rainbows in assignd words; 2) rad, writ, and undrlin MCWs; and 3) practic rading th sntncs at th bottom of th card. Th + mark bsid a word indicats that th word should b provn and thn rwrittn, adding th suffix -ing. Us Word Bank #16 (found in th Gnral Supplmnt, p. 231) for dictation, rviw, and word study of Spcial Vowl Sounds in both singl- and multi-syllabic words. Elmntary Tachrs: Plas s Elmntary Supplmnt Modifications to Lsson Contnt and Squnc Spcial Vowl Sounds Modification #9, p Hav your studnts try som of ths multi-syllabic words containing Spcial Vowl Sound: p a u p r x h a u s t c a u l i f l o w r a u t h n t i c d s t r o y s a u s a g l a u n d r y p r o f o u n d s c o u n d r l c o u n t r a n n o u n c t h o u s a n d s r a s t o u n d c o w a r d p o w d r f i x p l o i t t y p h o i d m o i s t u r b a m b o o r o o s t r m p l o y m n t s j Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 133

6 Compound words containing Spcial Vowl Sounds O f o o t b a l l b o o k m a r k j a w b o n g o o d n i g h t O s n o w b a l l s n o w m a n h o u s w i f t o w n h o u s f a r m h o u s f o o t p r i n t r o w b o a t m o o n b a m d o g h o u s f i s h b o w l o u t s i d m a n h o o d c l a s s r o o m s c a r c r o w b r o o m s t i c k t o o t h p i c k h o m r o o m d o w n s t a i r s t o o t h p a s t c h c k b o o k t a s p o o n d o l l h o u s p l a y g r o u n d c o o k o u t d o o r b l l d o w n t o w n Publishd by HEC Rading Horizons Copyright January 2007 by HEC Softwar, Inc. North Salt Lak, Utah 134

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