1 Third of February Working Group Report on the Third of February Homeless Survey in Hungary summary: Peter Gyori Andrea Szabó FEANTSA Data Collection Working Group March 2012
2 Ten thousand people are living in a homeless shelter at a given time Officially licensed number of beds for homeless February 2012 City Homeless hostel (E 3.1.) Night shelter (E 2.1.) Total Budapest Other cities Total
3 Number of respondent homeless people on 3th February 2012 City Report More than ever, municipalities, organizations, homeless people (8,641 people) took part in the "3 February" survey In Hostel (E 2.1., 3.1.) Rough sleepers (E 1.) Total Budapest Other cities Total Third of February Working Group 2012 All in all, 60% of the people living in homeless hostels (6,302 people) took part in the 2012th annual survey
4 On 3th February 2012 Ψ In Budapest, 77% of the respondents lived in some type of homeless accommodation Ψ In Budapest about 5,000 people slept in homeless hostels (from this 1,700 people slept in the night shelters) and according to the report of the service providers 1200 people slept rough Ψ In the countryside, 70% of the respondents lived in in some type of homeless accommodation Ψ In the countryside according to the report of the service providers - 2,100 people slept in night shelters
5 Two-thirds of the respondent rough sleepers live in other cities Budapest 37% Other cities 63% Budapest Vidéki város
6 More people were found living rough in other cities than in Budapest in the last five years City Report Number of respondent rough sleepers on 3th February Budapest Other cities Total Third of February Working Group 2012
7 Either in Budapest and the countryside also the number of respondent rough sleepers declined significantly in 2012 The number of rough sleepers respondents in Budapest reduced for the last three years The number of rough sleepers respondents in the countryside reduced for the last two years What could be the cause of this?
8 What could be the cause of this? On the th February many people were seeking some kind of roof (eg. by friends, in cellars, basements, or in emergency shelters) because of the sudden, unusually large cold front and snowstorm This winter targeted social interventions started to promote accommodation options for rough sleepers New - temporary - sites have been opened by the disaster protection organisations Many people were in hiding from the law enforcement measures The outreach services focused on saving lives rather than fill the questionaries becouse of the extreme weater
9 The sudden and unusually cold weather on th February
10 Temperature, and snowstorm 8 AM on 4th of February
11 2012th February 4 from a large snowfall began at dawn Extend of the snowstorm 8 AM 4th of February
12 City Homeless hostel (E 3.1.) Night shelter (E 2.1.) Other shelter Rough sleepers (E 1.) Ajka Baja Balassagyarmat Békés Békéscsaba Total Debrecen Derecske Dunaújváros Eger Gyöngyös Győr Gyula Hatvan The 2012th February 3 of the survey 54 rural urban homeless service providers took part!
13 City Homeless hostel (E 3.1.) Night shelter (E 2.1.) Other shelter Rough sleepers (E 1.) Hódmezővásárhely Jánoshalma Kaposvár Kazincbarcika Kecskemét Keszthely Kiskunfélegyháza Kiskunmajsa Kisvárda Komárom Komló Kőszeg Mezőkövesd Total Miskolc Even in the extreme cold there were settlements, where more rough sleepers were found compare to the accommodations, or more than one hundred people spent the night without shelter!
14 City Homeless hostel (E 3.1.) Night shelter (E 2.1.) Other shelter Rough sleepers (E 1.) Mór Mosonmagyaróvár Nagykanizsa Nyíregyháza Orosháza Oroszlány Ózd Pécs Salgótarján Sárbogárd Sárospatak Sátoraljaújhely Siófok Total Debrecen 172, Győr 100, Kaposvár 166, Miskolc 121 people were sleeping in public places even in this very cold night.
15 City Homeless hostel (E 3.1.) Night shelter (E 2.1.) Other shelter Rough sleepers (E 1.) Total Sopron Szarvas Szeged Székesfehérvár Szekszárd Szentes Szolnok Szombathely Tata Tatabánya Tiszaújváros Várpalota Veszprém Zalaegerszeg The accomodation of homeless people not only a problem of Budapest.
16 Therefore this was one of the coldest day in this winter, it can be assumed the lowest number of people were sleeping rough Despite the extreme weather on this single day about two and half thousand people spent the night without shelter (that we know of) in the country!
17 Five years - both in Budapest and the countryside - a significant increase in the number of respondents in shelters. In the countryside the number of service providers and the number of services participating in the survey increased significantly. Number of respondent homeless people on 3th of February ( ) City In Hostel (E 2.1., 3.1.) Rough sleepers (E 1.) Homeless Total Budapest Other cities Total Third of February Working Group 2012
18 Cities participating every year Number of respondent homeless people 2012/ people % Debrecen % Dunaújváros % Győr % Kecskemét % Miskolc % Nagykanizsa % Nyíregyháza % Pécs % Szeged % Székesfehérvár % Szolnok % Szombathely % Tatabánya % Veszprém % Zalaegerszeg % Total % Third of February Working Group 2012 In each year participating cities generally reduced, or even significantly reduced the number of homeless people (including in particular the number of people living rough)
19 Between , five years, more than 25 thousand Hungarian citizens answered on February 3 questionnaire, who were sleeping in homeless hostel or in public places on this day. (The equivalent of a small Hungarian town - eg. Szentendre, Komló, Tata or Nagykőrös - population of!)
20 "Five years, more than 25 thousand Hungarian citizens They are the ones who were in a place where the care organization took part in the survey They are the ones who responded as homeless They are the ones who used a service on February 3 This suggests that in Hungary during those five years, tens of thousands of people found themselves in a situation that they could only sleep in an accommodation for the homeless, or in a public area. Existing homeless services have helped tens of thousands of people in crisis during these five years.
21 Nor can we forget that between 2011 and February 2012 An unknown number of families lost their homes due to eviction Hundreds of thousands of families do not feel safe in their apartment because of the shadow of debt enforcement Many more people experience homelessness for 365 days a year than on a single day. The 8641 homeless respondents, of whom 2,339 were rough sleepers, are only" the tip of the iceberg. Even more people live in the absence of a safe home.
22 About the data recording The survey is not the same as the "census of homeless people. The survey is voluntary, not all service providers and not all homeless people took part. The survey covered only those people who are in connection with the services currently. The aim of this survey is not to "count. The research aim is the analysis and comparison of the situation of homeless people in order to provide basic facts for professional and policy development.
23 Third of February Homeless Survey in Hungary was supported by: Homeless Foundation (HKA) Joining Foundation (ÖKA) BMSZKI, Shelter Foundation, Foundation for Oliver Twist and all the staff involved in these organizations
24 Members of the Third of February Working Group (2012): Breitner Péter, Fehér Boróka, Gróf András, Gurály Zoltán, Győri Péter, Pelle József, Szabó Andrea, Varga Dóra
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