Archaeoacoustic analysis of the ancient site of Kanda (Macedonia)

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1 Archaeoacousic analysis of he ancien sie of Kanda (Macedonia) Preliminary resuls December, Paolo Deberolis Deparmen of Medical Sciences Universiy of Triese, Ialy Projec SB Research Group (*) Arisoel Tenov Deparmen of IT Universiy "S. Kiril i Meodij" Skopje, Macedonia Domagoj Nikolić Lecurer/Applied Technologies Rocheser Insiue of Technology Dubrovnik, Croaia Goran Marjanović Elecrical Engineer Projec SB Research Group (*) Belgrade, Serbia Heikki Savolainen HSS Producion Projec SB Research Group (*) Helsinki, Finland Nina Earl Scienific assisan Projec SB Research Group (*) Unied Kingdom 1 Absrac Research was carried ou on a geoglyph locaed in Kanda (Macedonia) by an inernaional eam using inerdisciplinary mehods (asronomy, philosophy, myhology, mahemaics and physics). The research conduced on wo occasions in 2014 was underaken o esablish all poenial anomalies in he IS, US and EM specrum wih special aenion o anomalies common o sacred sies, bu as ye unexplained by sandard physics. We conclude he Geoglyph looks o be buil on an arificial hill. This hill or mound also appears o be arificial from he aeroplane. The Geoglyph is visible only from he sky and is locaed in an oval dich. Some measuremens sugges ha here is chamber locaed below he surface. Research by differen mehods (infra/ulrasound research, AMT measuremens, binary algorihm synhesis from audio waves, daa sonificaion and dowsing) also found ha a he sacred enclosure primary waer is locaed a he cenre or a some poin along is major axis. Furhermore, since he soil does no mach he surrounding area, i would cerainly appear ha his mound has been carefully consruced wih a specific purpose in mind. Wha exacly ha purpose is remains o be invesigaed in fuure. Keywords archaeoacusics, geoglyph, Kanda, Svei Nikole, Macedonia, brain aciviy I. INTRODUCTION Archaeoacousics is an emerging archaeological mehod of analysis ha involves he inerdisciplinary sudy of ancien sies. This mehod does no invesigae only acousic fields, bu also all naural phenomena exising in on an archaeological sie which could affec he sae of mind of a man. In previous 1 (*) Noe. SB Research Group (SBRG) is an inernaional and inerdisciplinary eam of researchers (from Ialy, Croaia, Serbia, Finland and Unied Kingdom) researching archaeoacousics of ancien sies and emples in Europe ( ). sudies researchers of SB Research Group have esablished ha various ancien sies considered sacred have specific naural properies affecing people. These properies make he locaion sacred [3,4,5,6]. Sacred sies are locaions which paricular groups deem worhy of veneraion. They are ypically places of worship and are used for spiriual or religious riuals. As hey can be desecraed or defiled, hey are ofen proeced in some way. The ancien Greeks used he erm opos o refer o he physical, observable feaures of a locale, and he word chora o refer o hose qualiies ha could rigger imaginaion evoking a myhical presence [7]. I is very common ha a number of srucures had been buil on a sacred sie hrough hisory. In many cases hose sancuaries originae from differen culures, ofen from prehisoric imes, probably because prehisoric people were more sensiive o he vibraional phenomena. SBRG group also found his o be rue in several research projecs in Europe. [2,3,4,5,6] Many oher researchers have reached similar conclusions, however wihou a common proocol i has no been possible o compare characerisics of differen sies. [5] For his reason SBRG group developed a new sandard ha can be applied o he analysis of ancien sies worldwide. We called i SB Research Group Sandard for archaeoacousics or SBSA for shor. [5] II. CHARACTERISTICS, HISTORIC ASPECTS OF THE SITE AND THEORIES In he viciniy of Svei Nikole own, Macedonia here is an eggshaped riual mound made of soil usually called Geoglyph wih dimensions of approximaely 85 x 45 meers. The mound is perfecly oriened NorhSouh. I bears wo oval frames conaining a gian symbol geoglyph which looks precisely like one of undeciphered leers of he Mycenaean scrip known as Linear B. The whole srucure, wih is shape and symbolism, resembles a cosmic egg he source of primordial creaion. [8] The 3rd year of hp:// 237

2 December, Domagoj Nikolic, a researcher of ancien civilizaions, hypohesized in 2013 ha his may be he burial place of a very imporan person from Macedonian hisory, possibly even Alexander he Grea or someone from his dynasy. [9] The following indicaions are he basis of he hypohesis: Symbol in quesion is aligned o he consellaion of Cassiopeia which in myhology is known as he Queen of Heaven, he Grea Moher and he moher of Andromeda who becomes he wife of he savior Perseus. The imporance of Perseus in Macedonian myhology canno be overesimaed. This name appears in he royal dynasy: he las Macedonian king was Perseus. There are numerous coins from he Macedonian royal min wih he depicions of myhical Perseus who seems o have been he higher self of Macedonian kings. In he Macedonian ranscripion of he demoic scrip he Geoglyph symbol represens he god Se, he all seeing and all susaining deiy of Macedonia. Se was he firsborn son of he Grea Moher and he Supreme God of ancien Macedonians who creaed he whole Universe. Thus Se was also called The Firs. The Supreme Creaor and he Grea Moher have also creaed Macedonia and hey incarnae in he personages of he king and queen of Macedonia. [10] This heology is compleely in line wih he Dionysian mysery schools o which belonged Olympia, he moher of Alexander he Grea, which is menioned by Pluarch in his ex Life of Alexander. Cassiopeia a sunrise on he 21/22 July (hebirhday of Alexander he Grea) lies direcly o he norh and sands verically above he geoglyph in he skies zenih, forming a perfec picure of he sky on he Earh. (Fig. 13) According o he folk radiion from he neighboring own of Kraovo, Alexander he Grea was buried in he Ovče Pole plao, on he lef bank on he Vardar river, in accordance wih his specific desire. [11] Figure 1. Myserious symbol of he Linear B scrip, assigned he numerological value of 22, number of eerniy and he circling of incarnaions. a caviy. This mulidisciplinary approach, combined asronomy, philosophy, myhology, mahemaics and physics. A. Sacred craf of he Dionysian archiecs In his secion we shall briefly presen he sacred symbolism, eymological links, folk radiions and original heology ha reflec he knowledge of he grea philosophers and engineers who buil hese exraordinary buildings. I seems ha hey were in he possession of knowledge ha could be equally applied o geomery, asronomy, religion, eaching, healing, governance, meaphysics and poery. [13] They creaed he mos revered ancien fraerniies of arisans known as he Dionysian Archiecs, a nework of guardians of secre knowledge ha kep i so hidden ha only skechy records of heir esoeric craf exis oday. For our sory i is very imporan o noe ha hey had means of inernal communicaion all over he world. [14] which could have included knowledge and applicaion of scalar waves echnology. [12] These philosophers, also known as old poes or sory ellers or, as he Soics called hem, palaioiheologoi (meaning original heologians) propagaed heir sories in a complex fashion wih muliple meanings revealed in muliple levels and fields of applicaion. Their secre eachings conceal under he veil of myh a reasure of philosophical ruh. [15] Thus myhological sories of he gods are providing he narraive of he funcioning of he cosmological principles. The iniiaes know how o apply hem o pracical purposes. This is he essence of heurgy, an ancien science based on he original cosmology or, in he words of he old poes: he work of god. The word heurgy means precisely work of god : hese ancien archiecs aimed o consruc a building in perfec harmony wih he srucure of he cosmos, i.e. wih he srucure of he original mahemaic sui generis ha subly creaes he marix which in urn is forming he world as we know i. For hem, his invisible srucure was idenical o God. Sacred buildings consruced in accordance wih hese cosmic principles were believed o be able o wihsand he challenges of ime. [14] A logical deducion, herefore, is ha such a building could ac as an oracle holding a message ha can be revealed a some poin in he fuure. In defining he socieies of hese builders, a Brazilian scholar Hippolyo Joseph Da Cosa declares hese heurgian design principles as being founded on asronomical ones [16], which almos cerainly connecs hem o he Pyhagorean Brehren. Sain Augusine also uses he erm asrologers and mahemaicians (maemaici) inerchangeably in his work De Civias Dei. This all poins o he fac ha he ancien archiecs designed buildings based on geomerical paerns derived from he consellaions. [14] In he case of he grea Geoglyph mound, he asronomical and mahemaical paern is derived from he consellaion of Cassiopeia. The research conduced on wo occasions March and July 2014 was underaken o esablish all poenial anomalies in he infrasound, ulrasound and elecromagneic specrum wih special aenion o hose anomalies ha are common o sacred sies, bu remain unexplained by sandard physics. [12] The research eam also used discree mahemaics o analyze radiaion from he mound in order o esablish wheher i holds The 3rd year of hp:// 238

3 December, himself. This is he essence of he myseries of he God Pah, he demiurge creaor and echnician. Figure 3. Arial phoo of he Geoglyph (phoo: survey SBRG) Figure 2. Cassiopeian Geoglyph (phoo: Google Earh) By exploring he heurgical concep of he magnificen consrucion a Ovče Pole, we shall ry o race he line o he ruh, hereo defined (Or should we say divined?) as he uniy of all aspecs of he being held ogeher by he common essence, also defined as he being or vibraion. The reconciliaion of he seeming division of he manifesed aspecs of he Universe by achieving uniy is called henosis and, according o he Neoplaonis philosopher Iamblichus, can be achieved by uilizing heurgy. The Greek word 'henosis probably originaes from he Macedonian/Slavic word enoa (or ednoa), meaning uniy. The process of achieving henosis or uniy uilizing heurgian design principles can bes be explained by he ancien meaphysical moo: As above so below, as wihin, so wihou! From he wriings of Ploinus and Iamblichus we can reconsruc he ancien archiecs line of hough. By mimicking he divine mind also called he demiurge, he individual is reurned o he cosmos o implemen he will of he demiurge. The riuals of he mysery religions were used o enable individuals o unie heir ouer and inner person. Thus one wihou conflic of inernal and exernal forces becomes unied (henosis) and achieves uniy wih he cosmos, effecively becoming The One (Greek hen or in Macedonian eneden). This goes beyond he mere achievemen of pracical knowledge or awakening of he consciences, because according o he belief sysem of he Neoplaoniss, one, hrough he process of deificaion, lierally becomes a god by unifying he concep of an exernal creaor wihin oneself as a creaor, builder and crafsman. Undersanding he inerdependence and balance beween he macrocosmic and microcosmic principles becomes he source of one s aciviies. In such a consecraed being he whole exisence becomes sacred and every aciviy riual which mimics he ordering of he chaos of he Universe ino he maerial world or Cosmos. The high iniiae mimics he acions of he demiurge as he creaor of he maerial world and hus ruly becomes one wih God, in some aspecs he God B. The Myh of Cassiopeia In myhology Cassiopeia was he Ehiopian queen married o king Cepheus. In some versions of he myh she was he Erirean or Macedonian queen. As Cassiopeia was beauiful, bu very vain, she boased abou her beauy and he beauy of her daugher Andromeda. The grea sea god Poseidon ook offence when he learned ha Cassiopeia said ha she and her daugher were more beauiful han all he Nereids, he seanymphs and daughers of he Old Man of he Sea, god Nereus who lived in he Aegean Sea. Enraged, Poseidon sen flood, personified by he snake monser Cehus, on he kingdom of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. Figure 4. Cassiopeia, Andromeda, Cepheus and Perseus. Noe Cassiopeia weaving her hair. Terrified by he looming disaser, King Cepheus wen o he oracle of Ammon in Lybia who prophesized ha he only way o save he kingdom was o sacrifice Andromeda o Cehus. Andromeda was hen chained o he cliff a he edge of he kingdom and lef o be eaen alive by he snake monser Cehus. As she was helplessly waiing in error, he hero Perseus heard her cries. He was on he way home afer having slaughered anoher snake monser Gorgona Medusa. Perseus slew Cehus, released he beauiful virgin who hen became his wife. Thus Perseus became he savior no only of he princess The 3rd year of hp:// 239

4 December, bu also of he land, because by killing Cehus he saved he land from he disasrous flood. Perseus had many oher qualiies. He was he benefacor of Gods; he gave his magic cap, mirror and flying sandals o Hermes, while he war rophy he head of Medusa he gave o Ahena. The descendans of Perseus ruled Mycenae, he home of an illusrious civilizaion in Peloponnese. Heracles descended from his line, while Perses, his son wih Andromeda, is said o have moved o Asia o become he founder of he grea new naion he Persians. [17] C. A New Reading of he Hisoric Narraive The imporance of his myh in ancien Macedonia canno be overesimaed. One of he Macedonian kings was named Perseus. Unforunaely he was o be he las one who died in Roman capiviy. [17] The ancien hisory of Macedonians, Illyrians, Hellenes and Romans is compleely inerwined wih he hisory of Persia: one only needs o recall he European campaigns of Darius and Xerxes in he 6h and 5h cenury BC, or he 3rd and 4h cenury AD Persian campaigns of Aurelian, Probus, Carus, Diocleian and Galerius, and many oher incidens of war and peace ha fall in beween. The ancien chronicles are philosophical, allegorical and polysemic exs filled wih auological meaphors ha do no have only one valid inerpreaion. To he uniniiaed hey may seem like bizarre fabricaions. Thus Herodous conferred by Cicero he faher of hisory came o be known in modern imes as he faher of lies. [18] Ahenian hisorian, poliical philosopher and general Thucydides ( B.C.) also dismisses him as a 'logoswrier' or soryeller. [19] Truh is ha ancien hisorians wrie in he form of parables; heir exs are hus more akin o folk radiions and fairy ales. Truh is also ha Persia, someimes under he name of Babylon, dominaed he whole of he Balkans, while i also, overly or coverly, ruled Phoenicia and Egyp. On many occasions, he means of conrol were suble and hidden; Babylon ruled hrough he applicaion of sacred science o all aspecs of pracical life: religion, economy, echnology and governance including he exchange of royal blood. I is known ha he greaes of philosophers of he aniquiy such as Pyhagoras and Solon sudied in he Chaldean schools of Egyp and Babylon. [17] One also may conclude ha hese illusrious men were no only philosophers, he magi, bu also he members of he Ahenian royal bloodline ha was somehow inerwined wih he Babylonian Persian dynasies. As facual evidence remain buried in he hermeic wriings, hese maers are exremely difficul o corroborae, bu some fracions sill survive. For example, one of he sons of Peisisraus named Hippias sudied in he mahemaical schools of Egyp, and was advisor o Darius he Grea when he landed in he Balkans in 490 B.C near he field of Marahon. We also know ha Solon and Peisisraus were closely relaed a leas hough Solon s moher side and Diogenes Laerius wries ha Solon had a broher who was Plao s ancesor six generaions before. This shows ha here were close blood relaions beween he rulers of Ahens and Persia as well as beween rulers and philosophers. From he poliical poin of view, we make noe of he fac ha he sae of Alexander he Grea roughly encompassed he same erriories as he empire of Darius and Xerxes. Alexander also inheried he asronomerpries ruling class of Chaldeans who effecively adminisered he empire. Was his merely a coincidence or a maer of pracicaliy? I seems ha all indicaions are poining o he conrary. Behind he veil of local governmen which presened iself as an independen ciy or kingdom, here exised a hidden, meaphysical empire, Babylon, which operaed from a higher level of exisence incomprehensible o he common populaion. By pulling he suble levers of financial, economic and religious power, i ruled he local saeles which had very lile pracical sovereigny. This hidden empire, being meaphysical and beyond he reach of he plain morals, was in he fulles philosophical sense ideal. Since is funcioning was compleely governed by asrologers or Chaldean magi who ensured is synchroniciy wih he movemen of planes hrough he firmamen of consellaions, such an ideal sae ruly deserved he meaphor of he Kingdom of Heaven. Since he craf of governmen included such an advanced wisdom, one should no decide his was merely a poliical heare and a clever mehod o conceal a yranny. In fac, his ruling sysem seems o have been more oriened oward nurure raher han orure. The idea was ha, by using meaphysics, he magurured he world and human souls by keeping harmony wih he naural law ha revealed iself in he movemen of celesial bodies. Peace on Earh was he logical consequence of his harmony. Meaphorically speaking, he Chaldean magi pulled he invisible srings of governmen aached o he sky; hey possessed he knowledge o use planes as pulleys o heir srings of power. A Hungarian philosopher Béla Hamvas says ha heir goal was nururing and educaion of he mankind, raher han enslavemen and exploiaion a leas unil he 6h cenury BC, when he rue hierarchy, consisen wih he order of he Universe, was broken and mankind sared o fall ino he abyss of chaos. [13] As he chaos sared o ensue, he means of conrol became more over: during he rule of Darius I he Persian miliary go as far as norh as he Danube, bu he unruliness of he locals forced hem o wihdraw and o keep heir sronghold in Thrace. All oher pars of he Balkans kep some kind of auonomy. As hese kingdoms were small and divided, hey did no represen any challenge o he Persians. However, in he imes of Phillip and Alexander, Macedonia and Greece were unied, and Alexander sared his srange journey o he eas during which he would become he ruler of Phoenicia, Egyp and Persia, a vas empire he briefly ruled unil his unimely deah when i all collapsed. D. Bylazora and Pella The Geoglyph mound is locaed near Svei Nikole, a own in easern Macedonia, close o an archeological sie known as Bylazora or Bela Zora (English whie dawn ). The Macedonian word bela (whie) is linguisically very similar o Pella. Recen archeological excavaions are saring o challenge he commonly held view of he role of his locaion in ancien hisory. I was believed his sie was merely a ciadel of he obscure naion of Paeonians which hisorians connec o Illyrians, Thracians, Greeks, Macedonians or even Pelasgians. [20] Scholars as Radivoje Pešić make a connecion beween he Pelasgians and Slavs hrough eymology (Pelasgi = Belasi, The 3rd year of hp:// 240

5 December, meaning whiish) which, if rue, would be an evidence of he common Slavic roo of all ancien Balkan naions including he Greeks and Romanians. [21] According o he las archeological findings, Bylazora was he las palace of he Macedonian kings [22], which makes a lo of sense, if we undersand he poliical and securiy heaer of ha ime. The sie includes elaborae emples and buildings and is, by wha we can observe, a former royal own. Officially, he hisory of he Paionians is uncerain. The arifacs such as he Macedonian coins found in archeological exploraions of Bylazora poin o he possibiliy ha Paeonians were a leas he vassals of he Macedonian kings. The Paeonian roops were likely he elie forces, he holy warriors, he personal guard of he Macedonian kings ha kep he Macedonian kingdom secure from a possible revol or pusch. In he chronicles of Alexander he Grea we read ha he uses he Paeonian cavalry as one of he elie roops o defea he Persians. [22], When he Macedonians finally included Paeonia under heir formal rule, hey did no exerminae he Paeonians, which a leas poins o heir ehnic similariy. [20] Tha Paeonia may have been he original home of he Macedonian elie as well as he miliary kingdom wih a special saus would also make sense from he poin of view of Plao s ideal sae. According o Plao s The Republic, Bylazora is geographically wellsiuaed for an ideal sae which canno be on he sea, because he sea brings corrupion. In any case, as boh Plao and Arisole remarked, Greek ciy saes fell shor of he ideal poliical sysem, bu Paeonia could have been much closer. I could have well been a miliary arisocraic sae ruled by he philosopher king and he arisocraic miliary class able he fully conribue o he poliical communiy. Bylazora of Belazora in Macedonian language means whie dawn, which is a symbolic reference o resurrecion, significan as he rebirh or resurrecion of he Sun King and a symbolic reference o he reurn of he Golden Age brough abou by he Savior King. Symbolically i is no removed from Kallipolis, he beauiful own, he sea of Plao s ideal sae. Topographically i also resembles Pella from ancien exs. However, Pella in Aegean Macedonia does no quie fi every descripion of he ancien Pella. This could mean ha we in fac have wo owns referred o as Pella and hus he maer becomes inenionally confused in accordance o he hermeneuic rules as described by Philo of Alexandria and oher hermeneuic wriers. Apar from Pella in Aegean Macedonia, he oher Pella could be Bylazora or Bela Pella. Only by applying his possibiliy can he descripion of Pella as wrien by he Roman chronicler Livy make sense. (Pella) sands on a hill which faces he souhwes, and is surrounded by morasses, formed by sagnan waers from he adjacen lakes, so deep as o be impassable eiher in winer or summer. In he par of he morass neares o he ciy he ciadel rises up like an island, being buil on a mound of earh formed wih immense labor, so as o be capable of supporing he wall, and secure agains any injury from he waer of he surrounding marsh. A a disance i seems o join he ciy rampar, bu is divided from i by a river, and unied by a bridge; so ha if exernally invaded i has no access from any par, and if he king chooses o confine any person wihin i, here is no way for an escape excep by ha bridge, which can be guarded wih grea ease. Hisory of Rome, Tius Livius 46:46 Those who undersand ha hese chronicles were wrien in he crypic hermeic form will no be uerly surprised by his possibiliy. Ohers may sae ha his allegorical ben is eiher farfeched or compleely senseless and open o anyone s inerpreaion. However, we will side wih hose who believe ha he ruh in ancien crypic exs goes beyond he conradicing facual inerpreaions or, in oher words: I is madness, bu here's a mehod in i. [23] Many scholars who ry o exrac meaning from he ancien exs find hemselves in his conundrum. This is precisely why linear and lieral mehod of inerpreaion of he ancien exs will no suffice. Scholars should accep ha he inerpreaion of hisoric evens mus reach ino discerning he deeper spiriual sense of he wriings or, from he poin of view of he magi, he deeper significance of he celesial realiy which manifess in human fae. The applicaion of hermeneuical principles o he process of discovery of he hidden meaning pus he lieral sense on he secondary place of imporance. [24] How can we hen connec Bylazora or Pella wih he wriing of Livy? Firs, we can safely assume ha here was a good reason why he own was shrouded in mysery by having wo locaions wih he same name referred in he chronicles. There are valid spiriual and pracical reasons for his inended confusion. As for he spiriual reasons, he birhplace of he savior king is always placed in a myhical Arcadia, among he shepherds. Shepherds are lierally he keepers of sheep, and sheep is ofen a crypic and symbolic name for people or subjecs. Shepherds is by he same oken crypic name for soldiers and priess. We find his also in he Church radiion. In his symbolism here can hardly be a more fiing locaion for he birh place of he Shepherd King han Ovče Pole (Sheep Field). Wasn Alexander also presened as a ram, leader of he sheep? Are no he bishops referred o as Shepherds even oday? As for he pracical reasons for his confusion, he mos sacred place mus be he mos secre place, because complee secrecy is he bes proecion for sacredness. The mos sacred locaion mus be deep in he mos loyal erriory where accepance of he locals is complee. This place mus be a home of he uncorruped, a rural area, where men are enduring, honorable and virile, and women are hard working, submissive and willing o self sacrifice. I goes wihou saying ha such an area mus no have any large urban cener, because urban life brings idleness and leisure which boh have a corruping effec on he human soul. The 3rd year of hp:// 241

6 December, Figure 5. Aerial phoograph of Bylazora line of rees on he lef marking he former riverbed. Depression on he righ marking he former marshland (phoo: survey SBRG) Tha we may well be on o somehing, we see in he landscape around Gradiše (meaning ciy) near Knežje (meaning principaliy) where Bylazora is siuaed, which roughly corresponds o he Livy's descripions of Pella even oday, paricularly in is SouhWes orienaion. In he pas here were lakes and rivers in he area ha had somehow disappeared underground. [20] From he aerial phoographs of Bylazora we can see an empy bed of a river ha had disappeared in he no so disan pas: in he empy bed here are sill acive sources of waer. E. Hermeneuical connecions In his secion we will presen he spiriual meanings and symbolisms ha go beyond he lieral meanings of he radiions, which will hopefully show linkages wih our hesis. The name of he neighboring village is Crniliše. Crno in Macedonian means black. Black color is in urn closely conneced wih burial ries: we find he same symbolism on oher locaions. For example, he road leading o he Skopje cemeery is called Crni pa meaning black way. The blackwhie dualism of Bylazora and Crniliše fis he paern of ancien Persian dualisic emples. In his concep here are wo imporan buildings: he socalled Mazdoran (Persian: hrone of he philosopher king, which could be Bylazora) and KaraDagh (Persian: black hill, which could be he mound in Crniliše) i.e. he hrone of he prince of darkness, he grea snake, dragon. This prince of darkness is also called Deva or Diva and, according o he old radiions, is an anigod o he God of ligh, an independen creaor of he visible world. [25] There is a magical song called Tumba, umba divina (in Macedonian: Tomb, omb of God ) frequenly sang in Ovče Pole, which coincides wih his radiion. The greaer area is called Kanda, a name ha is ofen conneced o Alexander who is also called Iskandar (Is Kandar). In oday s Afghanisan Alexander founded a ciy named afer him: Kandahar. The roo of he name Macedonia is unknown, bu i could be magical and likely sharing he same roo: mag kanda meaning grea ligh. The word mag in Sanskri means grea or gian; i appears in magi, which is he word we use for he ancien Chaldean magicians. In he Greek language we have makednos meaning long or all. Khanduh is a bowl from which a scened smoke, incense is uplifed. Therefore mag kanduh could be an allegory of he uerus filled wih holy spiri. Thus his is he allegory of he holy grail or svei gral or kral meaning in Macedonian holy king. Kanda is also roo of he English word candle. Sanskri verb kand means o glow or o shine, while he word kandra means glowing, shining or moon. Kanah means favorie, nurured, while kanah is he smalles paricle, he smalles connecion wih being, aom, seed. Khan is king: i lierally means holy, exaled, maser, spiri, essence. The word khanduhor kanda accordingly has he symbolic meaning of illuminaed spiri, holy spiri or holy ligh. Kandaon is he old Macedonian name for Orion lierally meaning illuminaed, enlighened. Iskandar hrough his symbolic eymology could mean he ligh of Isis, or ligh/spiri from Is(is), incarnaed God, which is compleely in line wih he above language symbolism and he belief sysem of he ancien snake cul o which belonged he Pyhian priesess and princess Myra who would become Olympia, he crowned queen and he moher of Alexander. Why snake cul? Pyhians were personified snakes, pyhons, and personificaions of goddess Cybele who spoke in a hissy snaky manner. Hence he erm assibilaion which describes a sound change resembling he sound of a snake. She was he incarnaion of Persephone Isis, he High Priesess, as depiced in he Second Major Arcana of he Taro. Isis is he moher of Horus, which was Chrisianized in he moif of Mary nururing her son Jesus. Isus Kris Jesus Chris has he same symbolic meaning ligh of Isis. This symbolic eymology seems o be omnipresen. Old Norse kynda means o se a fire or o fire a ligh. In Middle English we have he verb kindle meaning o give birh and noun kindel meaning offspring of an animal, young one, also relaed o kin, king and child (kind kinder in German). Kanda in old Macedonian language means main gae or poral, which is probably a reference o sar gae, Sun gae or God s gae. Incidenally, Babylon has hem same meaning from bab meaning gae and ilani meaning gods. Lain word candidaus meaning candidae originally mean whie robed. Ligh is candle, kandilo in he Slavic languages, also a bowl for incense. I is again he holy lamp, holy ligh or Holy Ghos. Therefore name Kanda symbolically marks he sar gae, eernal ligh and he demiurge magician which descended and hen again ascended o he sky. I is he symbolic house of ligh, Beel, which never goes ou. The eernal ligh we can connec o Cassiopeia and Pole Sar, since hey never disappear from he sky by going underground. The 3rd year of hp:// 242

7 December, Figure 6. Alexander s face emerging from lion s head: allegory of he birh of Sun King a he cusp (mouh, head) of Leo In he sky above Kanda precisely on 21/22 of July a sunrise he grea luminous gian or magus Orion/Kandaon has already ascended o he sky. This symbolizes he birh of he king, he birh of he sun, he ligh. The symbolic sory conains he following message: he Sun King has come back from he realm of he dead in he underworld and ascended o dayligh. Lif up your heads, O ye gaes; and be ye lif up, ye everlasing doors;; and he King of Glory shall come in. (Psalm 24 (The Lord' Ceremonial Enrance o he Sancuary) ha magpies creae a bridge on he Milky Way when he Celesial Weaver (Cassiopeia ofen presened as woman weaving hairs) marries he cowherder, which is symbolic reference o Orion, because he follows he consellaion of Taurus. [8] We herewih in hese paricular days have a mirror, celesial weaver, cowherder, he way of he soul and he rebirh of he Sun: all elemens of he perfec asroheological allegory are here. F. Asroheological archeype A his poin we need o reconcile our geoglyph wih he asroheological archeype creaed by on he sky on he cusp of Leo, he birhday of Alexander he Grea, 21/22 of July. I is a his very sunrise ha we have a picure ha exacly responds o our Geoglyph by which a perfec harmony of Sky and Earh is being formed. Thus we obain he picogram which appears as he unknown symbol in he Linear B ha is being revealed as he god SE, he firsborn son of he Grea Moher in Macedonian ranscripion.(tenov and Boševski 2005) The similariy is breahaking and we would probably dismiss i as coincidence if we had no known wha we already know. Cassiopeia makes a full circle around he Pole Sar every day. However, is verical alignmen wih he Pole Sar coincides wih he sunrise precisely on he day believed o be he birhday of Alexander he Grea, which happens o be a he cusp of Leo. According o he Dionysian myseries, virgin wih loose hair ha she weaves in a ail, he hair weaver, Kosopleja (hear weaver in SerboCroaian and Macedonian), The Queen of Heaven, gives birh o he moher of he grea King, Andromeda (meaning ruler of men) who in urn gives birh o Perses, he King of Persians and he King of Kings, who is also he Babylonian Emperor and he grand maser of he magi. Le us noe again ha we have he same sory in embedded in he life of Alexander who becomes he Babylonian Emperor and he King of Kings. Figure 7. Orion Kandaon as i ascends o he sky minues before sunrise on he birhday of Alexander he Grea We hereby have he perfec mirror of sky on Earh, and he perfec mirroring of he essence in symbolism. In he radiions we also have magical bird obsessed wih mirrors: i is magpie, he bearer of news, ofen bad ones. Bu radiions also ell us Figure 8. Cassiopeia and Pole Sar Le us now see he diagram of he apparen changes in he posiion of Cassiopia which in differen seasons of he year has a differen posiion in relaion wih he Pole Sar The 3rd year of hp:// 243

8 December, Figure 9. Seasonal change of he posiion of Cassiopeia a sunse According o he magical chronologies ha we call hisories, Alexander he Grea died on 11 June 323 BC, while he was born on 21/22 July 356. The fory calendar days beween his deah and birh are significan because Dionysus also spend 40 days in his faher high afer he deah of his moher Semele (Semla or Zemlja in Slavic, meaning Earh). The day chosen o be presened as he birhday of Alexander is on he cusp of he asrological rule of Leo and represens he Main Gae also known as he Lion Gae, ofen presen in magical buildings, bu also are he gaes, he mouh of vagina, vaginal lips, Labia Majora (labia being similar o Slavic word Lavja meaning of lion), when Cassiopeia sands verically above he Geoglyph a he righ angle. As he righ angle is he regular, ruling, royal, angle and his symbol could represen no only he dae bu also he place of birh. In he Gregorian calendar's feas of S. Eliah falls on he 20h of July. The Macedonian Orhodox Church uses he Julian calendar, bu he feas of Sain Eliah Helios, Ilios Ilija, remains he main Macedonian feas. Sun in he full srengh, symbolism of Leo, is also represened on he Macedonian sandard. 21s of July is he feas of prophe Daniel in whose crypic prophecy Alexander he Grea is said o appear as a ram. (Book of Daniel, Chaper 8) The Ram King or Aries King, is also represened on he 4h Major Arcana of Taro called The Emperor, in Macedonian caro, pronounced as saro, which could well be he roo word for Taro. The sacred symbolism may bes be expressed in he following allegory. God is revealed in he living logos he law in he form of he perfec man. Therefore, God himself incarnaed in he man brings he ligh of he logos he law on Earh and by his he is he living God's law and he auhenic lawgiver. Figure 10. Unofficial (and mos popular) Macedonian emblem wih he crowned golden lion on he red blooded background: he incarnaed God (ligh) And here is celesial siuaion on Alexander's birhday mirroring he Geoglyph on he riual mound, for which we for hese precise reasons believe i could be a omb eiher of his or someone from his dynasy. We can observe he mahemaical, asronomical, geomerical applicaion o he building of he sacred mound called he Geoglyph. This is he essence of he Dionysian Archiecure and in which original heology asroheology is applied o he consrucion of meaphysical cosmic srucures. Figure 11. Cassiopeia posiioned verically above Kanda a sunrise July 21 s The verical axis leading from Kanda o he Cener of sky and is Zenih reminds us of Jacob's ladder. If we read hose verses from he Book of Genesis as an allegory of he life of he grea pariarch Alexander, we can find symbolic poiners o his life and his burial place: And he dreamed, and behold a ladder se up on he earh, and he op of i reached o heaven: and behold he angels of God ascending and descending on i. And Behold he LORD sood above i, and said, I am he LORD God of Abraham hy faher, and he God of Isaac: he land whereon hou lies, o hee I will give i, and o hy seed. And hy seed shall be as he The 3rd year of hp:// 244

9 December, dus on earh, and hou shal spread abroad o he wes and o he eas, and o he norh, and o he souh: and in hee and in hey seed shall all he families of he earh be blessed. And, behold, I am wih hee, and will keep hee in all place whiher hou goes and will bring hee again ino his land; for which I will no leave hee, unil I have done ha which I have spoken hee of. And Jacob awakened ou of his sleep, and he said, Surely he LORD is in his place; and I knew o. And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is his place! This is none oher bu he house of God, and his is he gae of heaven. And Jacob rose up early in he morning, and ook he sone ha he had pu for his pillows, and se i up for a pillar, and poured oil upon he op of i. And he called he name of ha place Behel; bu he name of ha ciy was called Luz a he firs. And Jacob vowed a vow, saying: If God will be wih me, and will keep me in his way ha I go, and will give bread o ea, and raimen o pu on, so ha I come again o my faher's house in peace; hen shall he LORD be my God: and his sone which I have se for a pillar, shall be God's house; and all ha hou shal give me I will surely give enh uno hee. Then Jacob wen on his journeys, and came ino he land of he people of he eas. And he looked, and behold a well in he fields, and loo here were hree flocks of sheep lying by i... Book of Genesis 29 All he above lised indicaions poin o he possibiliy ha his riual mound is a sacred sie, he fulcrum of he Axis Mundi which arises from he ligh on earh (kanda) o he ches of Cassiopeia, symbolized in he sar Schedir (Shador, Šaor), from he Arabic Al Sadr meaning breas, and Hebrew Schedir meaning freed, Slavic šaor meaning en. Sacred en, called Tabernacle, conains he Ark of Covenan. [8] Figure 12. Symbolic picure of Cassiopeia, Queen of Heaven, wih ladder leading o he sar Schedir (Shador, Šaor).Allegory from Nore Dame, Paris. Figure 13. Celesialearhly mirror: As above so below. Geoglyph shaped like cosmic egg reflecing he celesial picure and he sunrise of Whie Dawn of Leo. The momen and symbolism coincides wih he birhday of Alexander he Grea. Truly, when one observes Kanda, a place where earh mirrors heaven a he cusp of Leo when he Sun shines in is full power, he can recall he verses of he Episle of S. Paul o he Colossians: Who hah delivered us from he power of darkness., and hah ranslaed us ino he kingdom of his dear Son: (...) who is he image of he invisible God, he firsborn of every creaure. III. Collosians 1 MATERIALS, METHODS AND RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH IN THE SITE This ancien sie was analyzed in a number of ways during our research. This included an aerial survey using differen cameras as well as an archaeoacousic analysis using various devices on he ground following he SBSA sandard archaeoacousics proocol [3,5]. Pars of he research are sill being analyzed and will be published in a sequel o his aricle. A. Aerial survey The aerial analysis was made principally using an infrared camera (modified Canon) using well known archaeological mehods. One of he aribues of infrared phoography is he peneraion of amospheric haze, caused by reduced Rayleigh scaering (elasic scaering of ligh or oher elecromagneic radiaion from paricles smaller han he wavelengh of ligh) and Mie scaering (where he size of he scaered paricles is comparable o he wavelengh of visible ligh). Anoher propriey is he Wood Effec resuling from he ransparency of chlorophyll a wavelenghs over 500nm allowing ligh o be refleced wihin he plan cells. Normally he effec is invisible because so much green ligh is refleced by he foliage bu i is possible o see he effec, albei dimly, wih he naked eye by looking hrough a 720nm filer (or similar) on a sunny day and allowing he eyes o adjus o he low ligh. We used an infraredpassing filer of 900nm which had he effec of deleing he color of he foliage and vegeaion from he phoographs hereby highlighing he differen characerisics of he soil in blackandwhie images. We also used a program (presen on he Olympus E5 professional camera) o increase he conras of he image o make eviden he aspec of Geoglyph. The 3rd year of hp:// 245

10 December, Figure 14. Aerial survey using an infrared camera: he vegeaion is deleed by he phoograph making more eviden he differen aspecs of soil (phoo: survey SBRG) Figure 15. The residen program on Olympus E5 professional camera make more eviden he shape of geoglyph We came up wih he following resuls. The infrared camera shows he differen composiion of he Geoglyph soil compared o he surrounding soil. This difference is paricularly eviden when comparing he unculivaed field o he lef on Souh side of he Geoglyph. In his area, he same vegeaion covers he soil, ye wo differen colours are visible due o he differen composiion of he soil refraced by he sun ligh in differen ways. This suppors he hypohesis ha he Geoglyph was buil as a riual mound, eiher by reshaping an exising hill or from a fla field. Figure 16. I is paricularly eviden he differen ransparency of he soil of he hill. I is possible o assume aken from anoher sie (phoo: survey SBRG) B. Audiomagneoelluric analysis One of he mehods used in his research was audiomagneoelluric (AMT), an elecromagneic sounding mehod ha measures variaions in he earh's surface elecromagneic fields a differen frequencies. Sources of AMT signals may be eiher arificial or naural. The AMT mehod samples he elecric and magneic fields in he audiofrequency range, from 1 Hz o 27 khz and has been successfully esed in pracice [26]. Solar energy and lighning cause naural variaions in he earh's magneic field, inducing elecric currens (known as elluric currens) under he Earh's surface. Earh currens arise from boh naural and manmade sources, including he magma in he earh s core and he normal disribuion and use of elecriciy. Combined, hese phenomena creae srong AMT source signals over he ULF/LF frequency specrum. The mulidirecional AMT sounding, performed on differen locaions can clearly indicae a differen raio of he elecric o magneic field along wih he phase shifing caused by he differen speeds of propagaion, ha indicae differen levels of conduciviy in subsurface areas. Differen rocks, sedimens, ground fluids and geological srucures have a wide range of elecrical and magneic properies. Measuring he resulan fields, along wih analysis of heir raio allows differen maerials and srucures o be disinguished from one anoher. In addiion, elecric and magneic componen phase shifing daa allows us o assume a geomery of he deeced phenomenon ha can improve knowledge of econic processes and geologic srucures. The equipmen uilized in his invesigaion is designed for use wih naural sources, capuring he frequency range of elecric and magneic fields produced by he acion of elluric currens. The following equipmen was used: Teslameer TM 40 [H 50Hz, nt], a Trifield meer, 100XE [H, mg; E, V/m], a Digial mulimeer Masech MS8229 [T, o C; Hum, %; Noi, dbrel], a VFBroadband amplifier, a Digial sorage oscilloscope wih FFT, 3202A, 200 MHz, 1GSa/sec. A Kanda 42 measuremens were carried ou a 6 differen locaions; a he op and boom of he Geoglyph, addiionally 8 measuremens were aken on he parking lo of Hoel Izgrev, Šip as a conrol reference poin and basic specral line for his area of research. The 3rd year of hp:// 246

11 December, A each locaion he following values were measured: Alernaing elecric field [V/m] Alernaing magneic field 50 Hz filered [nt] Noise level [dbrel] Humidiy [%] Ambien emperaure [ o C] Elecric field specrum [Sensor: rod anenna, 12.5 khz/div, sampling 500 Sa/sec 1.25 khz/div, sampling 50 Sa/sec] Magneic field specrum [Sensor: open coil anenna; 12.5 khz/div, sampling 500 Sa/sec 1.25 khz/div, sampling 50 Sa/sec ] clearly observe he presence of signals in he range from 2 o 16 khz wih a shape ha is exremely peculiar and consisen wih he presence of underground waer flows. Deecion of significan noncorrelaion in he regisered magneic and elecric fields frequency specrums combined wih EM phenomena ha are produced by underground waers characerize sacred srucures buil by he anciens on sacred sies. Herewih we presen a brief descripion of our measuring effors: 1. Posiion 1, near elecric pos, 20. July 2014 a 08:30 hrs, 4 samples, 2. Posiion 2 and 3, peaks resembling Double W, 20 July 2014 a 09:20 hrs, 6 samples: 3. Posiion 4, a N.E. maximum energy ou poin, 20 July 2014 a 17:40 hrs, 5 samples, 4. Posiion 1, 3 and 4,21 July 2014 a 05:20 hrs, 15 samples: 15, 5. Posiion 5: boom of he Geoglyph, a US phenomena poin, 21 July 2014 a hrs, 6 samples, 6. Posiion 6, op of Geoglyph, a Gae poin, 21 July 2014 a 21:30 hrs, 6 samples. 7. Hoel Izgrev parking lo in he Šip own, 21 July 2014 a 08:40 hrs, 6 samples. Figure 17. Images of measuremens indicaing a waer flow and a caviy below he geoglyph (phoo: survey SBRG) On Samples 12 and 15 made on posiion 4, a N.E. maximum energy ou poin on 20 July 2014 a 17:40 hrs (figure 17) we can observe a significan noncorrelaion in he area of 1 o 14 khz. The significan E and H frequency specrum conen difference is a sign of he lack of coherence beween he Elecric and Magneic componens of he field, which clearly indicaes he presence of a longiudinal waves, i.e. subleenergy flows on he sie. Figure 18. Signals in he range from 2 o 16 khz wih shape ha are exremely peculiar and are correlaed wih he presence of waer flows (phoo: survey SBRG) On he measuremen recording 35, creaed wih magneic probe, a posiion 5: boom of he Geoglyph, a US phenomena poin, made on 21 July 2014 a hrs, we can Figure 19. Measuring locaions on he geoglyph: 1) NE side of dismissed elecric pillar, 2) he lower peak of Warrow, 3) he upper peak of Warrow, 4) maximum energy ou poin, 5) ulrasound phenomena poin, 6) Enrance poin according o local hypohesis (phoo: survey SBRG) C. Lowech sudy Before seing off on a convenional scienific research of mechanical waves, we also explored he possibiliy of undersanding he presence of naural phenomena wihou he use of echnology, as people migh have experienced i housands of years ago. Our low ech mehod of deecion was carried ou using copper dowsing rods. We know dowsing was used as early as Neolihic imes, for example he Tassili caves in Norh Africa discovered in 1949 have ancien wall painings depicing dowsing ools daed o 6,000 BC. Cleopara is repued o have employed dowsers o find gold and heir images are depiced on ancien Egypian basreliefs. [30] During The 3rd year of hp:// 247

12 December, he Roman period a paricular kind of pries, he àruspici, were rained o find naural feaures in he landscape ha could enhance boh heir forificaions and religious emples. [31] The research of naural phenomena using dowsing rods found underground waer in he form of a blind spring (Fig. 22 W ). A blind spring is creaed when primary waer ravels in a verical direcion owards he Earh s surface, bu wihou breaching i. Eleven waer veins emanaing from he spring were also deeced: hese ake waer away from he spring a he op of he geoglyph ino he valley below. We also used a Peersson D1000x ulrasound deecor wih a 500Hz305kHz audio recording range. Pro Tools ver sofware for Mac, Praa program version from he Universiy of Amserdam and Audaciy opensource program version 2.0.2, boh for Windows PC, were used o analyze he recorded racks. Before recording, we used a specrum analyzer (Specran NF3010 from he German maker Aaronia AG) o search for any elecromagneic phenomena presen in he environmen so ha we could exclude any exernal influences on he resuls. Our research of mechanical vibraions gave very ineresing resuls. Throughou he circumference of he geoglyph, a srong subsonic vibraion of approximaely 16Hz is presen, wih a peak range beween 15Hz and 17Hz. The infrasound is consan wih some sligh variaions of volume depending on he ime of day and he nigh, wih he laer being jus a lile sronger. Figure 20. Naural Phenomena discovered using low ech dowsing mehods (image of geoglyph from GoogleEarh) D. Sudy of mechanical vibraions Microphones were posiioned a 17 places boh inside and ouside he Geoglyph. As archaeological sies can be influenced by elecromagneic polluion, i is imporan o use sophisicaed devices o avoid heir effec on he resuls. The use of gain conrol in recording devices is delicae: in quie places, maximum gain for recording is used, while in noisier places gain is se o 0.775V/0dB (AES/EBU sandard). We used dynamic highend recorders exended in he ulrasound field wih a maximum sampling rae of 192KHz (Tascam DR 680) or 96KHz (Tascam DR100 and Zoom H4N equipmen). The microphones have a wide dynamic range and a fla response a differen frequencies (Sennheiser MKH 3020, frequency response of 10Hz Hz) wih shielded cables (Mogami Gold Ediion XLR) and goldplaed connecors. Figure 22. The aspec of infrasound recorded during he nigh (posiions A and B in Fig. 16) on he hill inside he geoglyph (he oher peaks a higher frequencies are normal environmen noise). The mos plausible explanaion for his sound is ha i emanaes from he movemen of underground waer, as we have esablished a oher sies in Europe [3]. This hypohesis is suppored by he findings of recognizable superficial waer noise a a number of oher poins inside he Geoglyph, as well as ouside o he wes and norh sides of he hill. This infrasound is also presen around he hill bu a a lower volume and wih a differen characer. A he Norh of he hill we found a similar infrasound around 12 14Hz (posiions I, L, M in Fig.16) and a he Wes of he hill we found an infrasound a 14 16Hz (posiions O, P, Q in Fig. 16). The difference beween frequency and volume is mos likely a resul of he differen direcion of he underground sream. Figure 21. The 17posiions of sensiive microphones placed in and around he geoglyph (phoo: survey SBRG) The 3rd year of hp:// 248

13 December, Figure 23. Graph of infrasound frequencies norh of he hill. The infrasound peaks on 12Hz We ransposed he infrasound o an audible scale using compuer sofware. The resul is a pulsing sound. We did no idenify any paricular frequencies in he ulrasound or audible bands of he same volume. All in all, his means ha he Geoglyph in Kanda exhibis archaeoacousic anomalies comparable o oher imporan ancien sacred sies. I is worh noing, his ype of infrasound is capable of affecing human brain aciviy in a non harmful way. The infrasound presen is a muliple of 8Hz which is he normal (or naural) frequency of vibraion of his plane. [34] Figure 24. The porable digial recorder Tascam DR680 during invesigaion placed on he ground, wih he microphones insered ino he ground (phoo: survey SBRG) IV. DISCUSSION Wha exacly is he Geoglyph? According o he analysis of local archeologis Goran Dinev, he Geoglyph is an arificial srucure. Is soil is geologically differen from he neighboring farmland, while i appears o be consisen wih soil from Bylazora. [32] The aerial phoographs (Fig 14 & 16) appear o show his disincion. If his is an arificial mound, would o herefore be more appropriae o call i a barrow mound, riual mound or umulus? In England, barrows are mounds of earh ha are characerisic monumens of he prehisoric periods from abou 5,800 unil 3,400 years ago ( BC), here consrucion however also occurred up unil abou 1,200 years ago (800AD). Human burials have been found a some barrow mounds and consequenly hey were ofen considered o be he burial places of prominen people. [33] In he Balkans here have been consisen burial ries associaed wih mounds daing from prehisoric imes o well ino he 20 h cenury. [25] Wih he soil on op of he mound being he same soil from Bylazora, a place in which he sun king was born, one possible explanaion is ha his could be conneced o a burial rie. Elecromagneic specrum values obained a he sie of he Geoglyph indicae a high probabiliy of here being an underground waer sream. This is suppored by infrasound and audiomagneoelluric (AMT) recordings as well as dowsing. Magneic fields in he frequency range of 1Hz o approximaely 100 khz which we measured include he audiomagneoelluric (AMT) range. This large frequency band allows for a range of dephs o be peneraed from several meers o several kilomeers below he Earh's surface. J.C. Maxwell's equaions can inerpre classical, socalled Herzian elecromagneic waves in a vacuum which are ransverse. However, in some cases Maxwell's equaions can also describe he appearance of longiudinal waves. [28] According o he laes researches, he longiudinal modes of a resonan caviy are he paricular sanding wave paerns formed by waves confined in a caviy. [28] As J.C. Maxwell showed in his equaions, elecric and magneic fields are he cause and effec of each oher and, in special relaiviy, are wo inerrelaed aspecs of a single objec moving elecric charges called he elecromagneic ensor. [29] The spli of his ensor ino elecric and magneic fields depends on he relaive velociy of he observer and charge. Our measuring mehods are saionary, which allows for incoheren magneic and elecric frequency specra o be deeced which makes i more likely longiudinal elecrodynamic vibraions are found as opposed o classical Herzian waves. This means ha any significan noncorrelaion in he regisered magneic and elecric fields frequency specrums indicaes he presence of oher EM phenomena, such as energeic flows characerisic of sacred srucures buil by he anciens. The laes research heories ha such srucures were buil wih a special purpose o serve as resonaors or subleenergy concenraors ha modulae and harmonize energy flows creaed by he acion of elluric currens, usually combined wih phenomena produced by underground waer flows. [28] Furher elecromagneic specrum values obained hrough AMT indicae he possibiliy of an underground caviy (or several smaller caviies). Our measuremens do no allow highprecision resuls, bu furher and deailed analysis of he measured values could provide a beer indicaion of he shape of ha objec The roughly oval shape dich has wo bridges ha lead ono he op of he mound, hese diches are also known as causeways. Archaeologiss consider hese causeways o be simple bridges, however researches [35] have shown hey have anoher funcion; if diches are dug deep enough, hey can sop he flow of elluric currens ha ravel jus below he surface of he earh. In an aemp o find he flow of leas resisance, he only way he curren can pass is over he causeway, which has he effec of concenraing i. Our hypohesis is ha boh he causeways and diches were consruced wih he aim of concenraing his elluric curren o reach a specific place on op of he mound (Fig. 20 DC ). This hypohesis can be esed using ground elecrodes and a mulimeer in he fuure. In a sequel o his aricle we inend o publish a 3D inerpreaion of The 3rd year of hp:// 249

14 December, he elecromagneic radiaion from he Geoglyph as well as furher analysis of our recordings. V. CONCLUSIONS A he end of his research on he Geoglyph in Kanda we can sugges some imporan conclusions. Firs he Geoglyph is almos cerainly an arificial hill. Second, he hypohesis of an underground chamber seems o be confirmed by several measuremens of differen mehods. Third, researches using differen mehods show ha a every sacred sie, primary waer is found a is cenre or a some poin along is cenral axis. Waer was deeced on he Geoglyph by infrasound research, AMT measuremens and dowsing. AMT measuremens appear o confirm he hypohesis ha he poin DC (see Fig. 20) is he principal recepor for elluric curren. We expec he purpose of his sacred srucure o be revealed in furher invesigaions. Figure 25. The eam of research in Kanda in July 2014 (phoo: survey SBRG) ACKNOWLEDGMENT SBRG is exremely graeful o he major of Svei Nikole, Zoran Tasev, for supporing his research from he beginning wih grea courage of his convicions. We are glad ha we can conribue o his grea vision. A hearfel hanks o all he people of Svei Nikole who worked for he success of his research projec and in paricular o all he echnical saff who suppored us in all our missions o Kanda. We owe special graiude o our scienific assisan and member of he research eam, a local researcher Nikola Risevski whose dedicaed work has been our grea inspiraion. Special hanks also for he Deparmen of Medical Sciences of he Universiy of Triese (Ialy) for supporing his research and in paricular o he direcor, professor Robero Di Lenarda. REFERENCES [1] R.G. Jahn, P. Devereux, M. Ibison "Acousical Resonances of Assored Ancien Srucures" Technical Repor no PEAR (Princeon Engineering Anomalies Research ), Princeon Universiy, March [2] P. Deberolis, H.A. Savolainen, The phenomenon of resonance in he Labyrinh of Ravne (BosniaHerzegovina). Resuls of esing Proceedings of ARSA Conference (Advanced Research in Scienific Areas): , Braislava (Slovakia), December, 3 7, 2012 [3] P. Deberolis, N. Bisconi: Archaeoacousics in ancien sies Proceedings of he 1s Inernaional Virual Conference on Advanced Scienific Resuls (SCIECONF 2013): , Zilina (Slovakia) June, 10 14, 2013 [4] P. Deberolis, N. Bisconi: Archaeoacousics analysis and ceremonial cusoms in an ancien hypogeum, Sociology Sudy, Vol.3 no.10, Ocober 2013, pp [5] P. Deberolis, S. Mizdrak, H. Savolainen: The Research for an Archaeoacousics Sandard, Proceedings of 2 nd ARSA Conference (): , Braislava (Slovakia), December, 3 7, 2013 [6] P. Deberolis, N. Bisconi: Archaeoacousics analysis of an ancien hypogeum in Ialy, Proceedings of Conference "Archaeoacousics: The Archaeology of Sound", Mala, February 19 22, 2014 [7] P. Devereux, S. Krippner, R. Tarz, A. Fish: "A Preliminary Sudy on English and Welsh Sacred Sies and Home Dream Repors", Anropology of Consciousness, Vol. 18, No. 2: 2 28, Sepember [8] J. Chevalier, J., A. Gheerbran, Dicionary of Symbols Rječnik simbola Zagreb: Nakladni zavod Maice hrvaske [9] TV Sve, Domagoj Nikolic on Macedonian Geoglyph Domagoj Nikolić za Makedonskio Geoglif, Svei Nikole, December 19, [10] A. Tenov, T. Boševski: In he Foo Trail of he scrip and language of Ancien Macedonians Po ragie na pismoo i jaziko na drevnie Makedonci, Skopje, 2005 [11] S. Donevski, Tradiion of Funeral Procession of Alexander of Macedon Predaja o pogrebnoj povorci Aleksandra Makedonskog Inerview by Domagoj Nikolic, Kraovo, July 30, 2013 [12] K. Meyl, Scalar Waves: From an Exended Vorex and Field Theory o a Technical, Biological and Hisorical Use of Longiudinal Waves VillingenSchwenningen, Germany: Prof. Dr. Ing Konsanin Meyl, 2003 [13] B. Hamvas, Tradiion: Maser of Life. Scienia Sacra Ceres, Zagreb, 1995 [14] M. P. Hall, Freemasonic Symbolism: The Secre Teachings of All Ages. Los Angeles, CA: The Philosophical Research Sociey, Inc., [15] A. Harnack, A Hisory of Dogma. Boson, Lile, Brown, and Company, 1901 [16] H. J. Da Cosa, Hisory of he Dionysian Arificers, Philosophical Research Sociey Press, London, 1936 [17] W. Smih, "A New Classical Dicionary of Biography, Myhology and Geography". John Murray, Albemarle Sree, London: [18] A. R. Burns, Inroducion. Herodous: The Hisories.,Penguin Classics. (1972). [19] O. Murray, The Greek Hisorians: The Oxford Hisory of he Classical World, Oxford Universiy Press, Oxford, [20] J. Trifunoski, J. Ovche Pole Valley Ovčepolska kolina, Jugoslavenska akademija znanosi i umjenosi, Zagreb, 1964 [21] R. Pešić, Opužujem ćuanje, Belgrade: Pešić i sinovi [22] W. J. Neidinger, TFAHR Bylazora Excavaions : Bylazora and he Las Palace of he Las Macedonian Kings Lecure conduced from Houson Friends of Archaeology, Houson Rerieved 29 July 2014 from hp:// [23] A. F. Gfrörer: Philo und die judischalexandrinische Theosophie, Sugar, [24] S. Greideneranus, Preaching Chris from he Old Tesamen: A Conemporary Hermeneuical Mehod, Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., [25] A. Škobalj, Riual Mounds Obredne gomile, Svei križ na Čiovu, [26] H. A. Pierce and D. B. Hoover (Elecrical Survey of he Honey Lake Valley, Lassen Couny, California and Washoe Couny Neveda. US Geological Survey Box 25046, MS 964, DFC, Lakewood, CO 80225].,1988 [27] K. J. van Vlaenderen, A. Waser: Generalisaion of Classical Elecrodynamics o Admi a Scalar Field and Longiudinal Waves, Hadronic Journal 24, 609, 2001 [28] Wang, Haifeng, Shi Luping, Boris Luk yanchuk, Sheppard Colin, and Chong Tow Chong, Creaion of a Needle of Longiudinally Polarized The 3rd year of hp:// 250

15 December, Ligh in Vacuum Using Binary Opics. Naure Phoonics, Vol. 2, , 2008 [29] C. Doran, A. Lasenby: Geomeric Algebra for Physiciss, Cambridge, [30] Dennis Whealey: The Essenial Dowsing Guide Ozark Mounain, [31] M. Beard, J. Norh & S. Price Religions of Rome: A Hisory, Cambridge Universiy Press, [32] G. Dinev, Geoglyph in Ovche Pole Geoglifo vo Ovče Pole, inerview by Domagoj Nikolić, Augus 4, [33] D. Field, Prehisoric Barrows and Burial Mounds, English Heriage, [34] W. O. Schuman Über die Ausbreiung sehr langer elekrischer Wellenum die Erde und die Signale des Blizes, Nouvo Cimeno, Vol. 9, , [35] J. Burke and K. Halberg, Seed of Knowledge Sone of Pleny, Council Oak Books, San Francisco, The 3rd year of hp:// 251

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