Un autre Sahel est possible! AMESD ECOWAS THEMA. Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock ISSA GARBA AGRHYMET

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1 AMESD ECOWAS THEMA Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock ISSA GARBA AGRHYMET

2 Outline I AGRHYMET /CILSS II AMESD Project/ECOWAS Thema Technical partners intervention axes monitoring vegetation monitoring water bodies Monitoring bush fires Environmental monitoring newsletter Some interventions in countries

3 I AGRHYMET /CILSS The AGRHYMET Regional Centre (ARC) was created in It is a specialized institute of the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) composed of nine member States shown on the map below

4 The primary objectives of the AGRHYMET Regional Centre are: to contribute to achieving food security and increased agricultural production in the CILSS member States to improve natural resource management in the Sahelian region In the frame of AMESD : AGRHYMET Regional Centre is the Regional Implementation Centre (RIC) for the ECOWAS Region

5 The AGRHYMET Regional Centre Diagram of operation T ogo PARTENAIRES APPUI TECHNIQUE ET FINANCIER DIFFUSION INFORMATION Régional AGRHYMET ANALYSE DIFFUSION FORMATION PAYS DONNEES SATELLITALES CONCENTRATION SAUVEGARDE TRAITEMENT PRODUCTION INFO National Collecte des donnés Traitements Mauritanie Cap-Vert Mali Nig er Tchad Extension du système vers l espace CEDEAO Senegal Gambie G.-B is sau Burkina Gui ne e Benin S ierra-leone Liberia Cote-d'Iv oi re Gha na Nigeri a DONNEES TERRAIN

6 Crop monitoring in ARC Decadal briefings Monthly and special newsletters: Seasonal forecast for maximum flow rainfall situation Installation of the rainy season Hydrological monitoring (levels of major rivers and lakes) Crop monitoring and yield forecasting plant health Pastoral monitoring (pasture conditions, zoo-sanitary situation, water points) Identification of risk areas and early warning 6

7 II. AMESD: ECOWAS Thema/ information Products

8 AMESD : African Monitoring of Environnement for Substainable Development) ECOWAS THEMA «Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock» REC : ECOWAS RIC : AGRHYMET Regional center Niamey, NIGER Project duration: 36 months Start: October 25, 2009 Budget: 1.8 million Euro

9 The AMESD: Technical partners EUMETSAT is responsible of the network EUMETCast The JRC provides scientific support to the validation of products National and regional organizations: ACMAD, CSE, CENATEL The national technical structures beneficiaries

10 The AMESD: intervention axes Monitoring of vegetation growth and condition of crop and pasture bushfires and burnt area Tracking rise and fall of major rivers to support irrigated agriculture

11 The vegetation monitoring VCI (Vegetation Conditions Index) sndvi (Standardized NDVI) ICN (Normalized Growth Index) DMP (Dry matter productivity) NDWI (Normalized difference water index) Indicators calculated by using SPOT Vegetation data Downloading of missing data on the VGT4AFRICA/DevCoCast web site (need a login) Available on e-satation

12 sndvi (Standardized NDVI) second decade of august 2011 sndvi = (NDVI dec -NDVI moydec ) / (ET dec )

13 VCI (Vegetation Conditions Index) second decade of august 2011 VCI = (NDVI dec -NDVI max )*100 / (NDVI max -NDVI min )

14 ICN (Normalized Growth Index) second decade of august 2011 ICN = (NDVI dec -NDVI maxdec )*100 / (NDVI maxdec -NDVI mindec )

15 ICN Profile Am Zoer (Tchad) Adre (Tchad) Maïné(Niger) Konni (Niger) Dakoro (Niger) Tera (Niger)

16 validation actions in 2009 in Niger

17 summary 2011 Normale Favorable deficitaire

18 SWB (Small Water Bodies) of JRC/VITO

19 Small Water Bodies (SWB)

20 Evolution des plans d eau de surface Small Water Bodies (SWB) Legend sahel afrique Janvier 2009 Fevrir2009 Mars 2009 Avril 2009 Mai 2009 Juin 2009 Juillet 2009 Août 2009 Septembre 2009 Octobre2009 Novembre 2009 Décembre 2009 Janvier 2010

21 Validation missions in 2010 in Senegal

22 Active fires and burned area The map of active fires, on the basis of MODIS data Map of area burned, produced by JRC/VITO from the SPOT Vegetation data

23 Density of active fires in West Africa. October 2009 to March

24 Mission de validation en 2010 au Bénin

25 Environmental monitoring newsletter 4 issues per year: In August: status of the crop; In November, assessment of the crop In January-February, state surface water bodies In March, Special bushfires

26 Environmental monitoring Bulletin

27 Interventions in countries 16 countries: 14 ECOWAS + Mauritania + Chad Installation of receiving stations of the network indicators EUMETCast Management training stations Information and training in the use and dissemination of data and products AMESD Establishment of national networks AMESD: agriculture, livestock, water management, environment, food security and early warning systems Workshops for policy makers

28 Thank you for your attention

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