Default & quality, performance But What s for?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Default & quality, performance But What s for?"

Transcription

1 Training Workshop on SARRA-H Crop Model for English Speaking Meteorological Services in West Africa FEBRUARY 214,, Banjul (Gambie) Default & quality, performance But What s for? Présenté par Christian Baron

2 Default & quality Short presentation Performance Scales & simulations objectives What s for? For Whom?

3 A model particularly suited to analysing how the climate impacts the growth and potential yield of dry cereals in the Tropics: Millet, Sorghum, Maize and Upland Rice (project, partnership, publications ) Farmers survey Taking in account the hight plasticity of local varieties (photoperiodism) Diversity of simulations scenarios able to catch farmers strategies Main part of parameters are measured or extract from published references

4 Sarra_h based on robust and simple plant growth process representation: All proces are links in a same daily loop Few parameters are used to caraterise the diversity of species/varieties Parameters values still along the simulation Development environment is highly versatile Sarra-h is a predictif crop model

5 Sarra-h is little or no adapted to : Phytosanitary problems are not taken into account Density still to be more detailled (low density) No nitrogen balance, impact of fertility level is defined with a simple and global indices No mixed crops (mil/niébé) Other models are better adapted to technical agricultural process management (better control of fertiliser, pesticid etc )

6 SarraH Three main process in a same daily loop: 1) Water Balance: reservoir concept 2) Carbon Balance: big leaf concept 3) Phenology: process managment Climat (constraint) (input data, Daily time step) - Evapo-transpiration - Temperature - Global radiation or sunshine duration - Rainfall Dingkuhn, 23 Plot (soil) Practices (strategies) -Typology (Clay Sandy) -Maximum depth - Surface tank depth - Species, Varieties - Sowing date or strategies - Sowing density - Irrigation - Global fertility level

7 Maintenance respiration Rain ETo T Maintenance respiration

8 KC Dynamic Phenology (PPisme, termal time...) (LAI beer law fonction E &Tr séparation ) Carbon Assimilation (fonction of ℇa et ℇ b, water constraint ) Biomass Repartition Based on allometric law ETo Sowing TrPot = Kcp * ETo EPot = Kce * ETo Root zone Rainfall Tool box: Data Base, management of simulated data, graphics 2 reservoirs simulated Root Front Humectation Front

9 LAI Above ground Biomass Simulation effectuée avec SarraH v3.2 - Modèle SarrahV m²/m² 5 kg/ha /4/12 11/5/12 26/5/12 1/6/12 25/6/12 1/7/12 Date Lai (DMR_S1_V3.2) BiomasseFeui l les(dmr_s1_v3.2) BiomasseFeui l les(dmr_s1_v3.2) Leaf Biomass Lai (DMR_S1_V3.2) Rdt(DMR_S1_V3.2) Rdt(DMR_S1_V3.2) BiomasseAeri enne(dmr_s1_v3.2) BiomasseAeri enne(dmr_s1_v3.2) Yield Thanks to Ulrich, Cirad PHD student, (Maïze experimentation in Benin, 212) 9

10 kg/ha 14 Simulation effectuée avec SarraH v3.2 - Modèle SarrahV /1/3 25/11/3 25/12/3 24/1/4 Date 5 4 effectuée avec SarraH v3.2 - Modèle SarrahV Simulation m²/m² 5 kg/ha 6 2/9/96 Date BiomasseFeuilles(Souna96PluieV3.2) (Photoperiodic and non Rdt(Souna96PluieV3.2) photoperiodic) /12/3 23/2/4 Date 23/4/4 Rainfed Rice variety in Lai(SarMil2AntsiE933) Lai(SarMil2AntsiE933) BiomasseAerienne(SarMil2AntsiE933) Madagascar BiomasseFeuilles(SarMil2AntsiE933) 1 2/1/ Lai(Souna96PluieV3.2) Pearl Millet varieties in Lai(Souna96PluieV3.2) BiomasseAerienne(Souna96PluieV3.2) Mali, Niger, Senegal, BiomasseFeuilles(Souna96PluieV3.2) Rdt(Souna96PluieV3.2) Burkina Faso BiomasseAerienne(Souna96PluieV3.2) I have also a test on wheat in France /7/4 21/8/4 2/9/4 2/1/4 19/11/4 Date Lai(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) Sorghum varieties in Lai(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) BiomasseAerienne(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) Mali, Kenya, Burkina BiomasseFeuilles(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) Rdt(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) Faso BiomasseAerienne(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) BiomasseFeuilles(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) (Photoperiodic and non Rdt(GuineaAmD14SarV3.2) photoperiodic) kg/ha /8/96 BiomasseFeuilles(B2BresIrrigV3.2) Rdt(B2BresIrrigV3.2) Simulation effectuée avec SarraH v3.2 - Modèle SARRAHMil Maize Lai(B2BresIrrigV3.2) varieties in Lai(B2BresIrrigV3.2) BiomasseAerienne(B2BresIrrigV3.2) Mali, Benin, Brazil, BiomasseFeuilles(B2BresIrrigV3.2) Rdt(B2BresIrrigV3.2) Tanzanie, USA, France BiomasseAerienne(B2BresIrrigV3.2) 3 Thanks to Seydou, Agali, Michel, Mamoutou, Bertrand, Fernando. kg/ha m²/m² 3 m²/m² m²/m² Simulation effectuée avec SarraH v3.2 - Modèle SarrahV

11 Model 1 Model2 Projet AgMip Maïze: climate change impact scenarios on Maîze yield. Sarra-h the number 1. Series of analyzes shows that the model have coherents results face on sciences knowledges and other models. Thankw to CB & Simona Project AgMip Mil/Sorgho : Millet yield simulation, farmer s survey in Senegal 5 fertility level was determined for Sarra-h simulations Thanks to Agali &Myriam

12 Process: Water Balance AQUACROP DHC/SARRA Process: Water Balance SARRA-H Carbon Balance Physiology Nitrogen Balance STICS DSSAT APSIM WOFOST

13 Processes simulated evaluate local situations: trials are performed at field level (calibration) and predictive capacity of the model is performed at village level (verification). The aim of the studies are based on ground network : Climate variability impact and risk Sarra-h is a predictive model of crops dynamics (biomass, yield) focus on climatic risk analysis taking in account farmers strategies (simulations scenarios)

14 Decision maker, administrateurs : Administrativ level seasonal forecast short ou long term: Early warning system Breeding and adaptations Organisations (Services, NGO ) and farmers Local monitoring vs forecast : Fields managment strategies: species/varieties choice, intensification level (mostly in case of dry forecast) Sowing conditions (early/late, re-sowing ) Crop conditions, soil water storage Potential yield forecast

15 Advices & spatial and temporal uncertainties? How may we estimate and display uncertainties? Face on uncertainties which relevance of advices, which advice may we diffuse? Weekly forecast and monitoring: which type of advice (ie sowing)? Seasonal forecast: which type of simulations with the crop model? Perspectives and actions Ground network and remote sensing: complementarity? Participative survey with farmers/villages: raingauges, cell phone, data bases.. But what efficient feedback for them? What s about contol and filling data methods? Complementary projects between agonomist and meteorologists?

16 MERCI De Votre Attention

Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone

Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone Rainfed agriculture evolution in a climate variability context of West Africa sudano- sahelian zone Drissa DIALLO, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB) Bruno BARBIER,

More information

Enhancing Crop Productivity and Food Security: The Role of Agricultural Technologies

Enhancing Crop Productivity and Food Security: The Role of Agricultural Technologies Enhancing Crop Productivity and Food Security: The Role of Agricultural Technologies Nicola Cenacchi IFPRI - Environment and Production Technology Division FAO Biotech Symposium Side event: Helping Farmers

More information

Natural Resource Scarcity:

Natural Resource Scarcity: Food Security in a World of Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies Daniel Mason-D Croz IFPRI - Environment and Production Technology Division Presentation Overview 1- Rationale

More information

Testing sowing rules and estimating best sowing dates for crop simulations in GYGA

Testing sowing rules and estimating best sowing dates for crop simulations in GYGA Testing sowing rules and estimating best sowing dates for crop simulations in GYGA Joost Wolf, Korodjouma Ouattara, Lenny van Bussel and all GYGA colleagues September 2015 Old approach: fixed sowing dates

More information

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods Climate Finance Readiness Seminar Leif Kindberg Knowledge and Learning Manager, ARCC PRESENTATION OVERVIEW About ARCC Overview of Climate Change

More information

Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation

Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation PBIO*3110 Crop Physiology Lecture #2 Fall Semester 2008 Lecture Notes for Tuesday 9 September How is plant productivity measured? Introduction: Growth analysis and crop dry matter accumulation Learning

More information

Providing adaptation. Colombian agricultural sector using agro- decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future. Diana Giraldo d.giraldo@cgiar.

Providing adaptation. Colombian agricultural sector using agro- decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future. Diana Giraldo d.giraldo@cgiar. Providing adaptation support to the Colombian agricultural sector using agro- climatic tools to aid decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future Pic by Neil Palmer (CIAT) Led by: Supported: Diana Giraldo

More information

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate

More information

Faidherbia albida + CF = CA

Faidherbia albida + CF = CA No Farmers no Future Conservation Farming Unit CFU established in 1996 Faidherbia albida + CF = CA A long term solution for sustainable cereal production in regions of mono-modal rainfall Establishment

More information

Using Web-based Software for Irrigation and Nitrogen Management in Onion Production: our Research Plan for 2013

Using Web-based Software for Irrigation and Nitrogen Management in Onion Production: our Research Plan for 2013 Using Web-based Software for Irrigation and Nitrogen Management in Onion Production: our Research Plan for 2013 Andre Biscaro, Farm Advisor UCCE Los Angeles County Michael Cahn, Farm Advisor UCCE Monterey

More information

Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques

Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques L E C T U R E 8 S S R A N A S R S C I E N T I S T Resources 2 land, water, nutrients, energy labour and capital Efficiency Efficiency in any system

More information

Climate Change risk and Agricultural Productivity in the Sahel

Climate Change risk and Agricultural Productivity in the Sahel Climate Change risk and Agricultural Productivity in the Sahel Imed Drine and Younfu Huang World Institute for Development Economics Research, United Nations University UNU WIDER) 1 The Sahel is extremely

More information

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE Q.1 Explain the three types of economic activities? 1) Primary activities:-it include all the activities connected with extraction and production of

More information

SWEET SORGHUM FORAGE SORGHUM GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRID

SWEET SORGHUM FORAGE SORGHUM GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRID Summary SWEET SORGHUM FORAGE SORGHUM GRAIN SORGHUM HYBRID Advanced Agriculture around the globe! PROGRESS Agrar - 2012 SUMMARY SORGHUM Table of Content Page 1. What is Forage Sorghum?... 2. Sweet Sorghum

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

Food Security Modelling-UWI, Mona

Food Security Modelling-UWI, Mona ! A Research Proposal Submitted in Partial-fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Philosophy in Physics GLOBAL-LOCAL CARIBBEAN CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION SCENARIOS Food

More information

Nairobi 20 April 2009

Nairobi 20 April 2009 Regional Workshop on Biofuel Production and Invasive Species Nairobi 20 April 2009 Martin Nganje & Seynou Oumarou PRESENTATION PLAN : 1.! INTRODUCTION 3.! GENERAL CONTEXT OF SAHELIAN COUNTRIES 4.! BIOFUEL

More information

WHY IPPM? CHALLENGES for seed cotton production in Africa

WHY IPPM? CHALLENGES for seed cotton production in Africa Programme Ouest Africain de Gestion Intégrée de la Production et des Déprédateurs Pan African Conference on Cotton Cotonou, June 211 CHALLENGES IMPROVING COTTON PRODUCTION AND FARMER INCOME THROUGH INTEGRATED

More information

CHARACTERIZATION, CHALLENGES, AND USES OF SORGHUM DIVERSITY TO IMPROVE SORGHUM THROUGH PLANT BREEDING

CHARACTERIZATION, CHALLENGES, AND USES OF SORGHUM DIVERSITY TO IMPROVE SORGHUM THROUGH PLANT BREEDING 1 ST EUROPEAN SORGHUM CONGRESS WORKSHOP INNOVATIVE RESEARCH TOWARDS GENETIC PROGRESS CHARACTERIZATION, CHALLENGES, AND USES OF SORGHUM DIVERSITY TO IMPROVE SORGHUM THROUGH PLANT BREEDING MAXIMISING RESULTS

More information

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga INTRODUCTION Climate change is a pertinent issue affecting the livelihoods and food security in both

More information

Agriculture. Agriculture

Agriculture. Agriculture Economic Activities Agriculture The transformation of a plant into a finished product involves three types of economic activities. Primary Activities: - The activities connected with the extraction/production

More information

Environmental Plant Physiology Introduction. K. Raja Reddy

Environmental Plant Physiology Introduction. K. Raja Reddy Environmental Plant Physiology Introduction K. Raja Reddy Krreddy@pss.msstate.edu Personal - Family Personal - Education Education: Ph.D. in Botany with Applied Plant Physiology as a major Research areas:

More information

World Water and Climate Atlas

World Water and Climate Atlas International Water Management Institute World Water and Climate Atlas Direct access to water and climate data improves agricultural planning The IWMI World Water and Climate Atlas provides rapid access

More information

Aflatoxins, Agriculture and Technology Solutions Available for Abating the Aflatoxin Challenge

Aflatoxins, Agriculture and Technology Solutions Available for Abating the Aflatoxin Challenge Regional Conference on Aflatoxin Challenges in West African States, Accra, 18-20 Nov 2013 Aflatoxins, Agriculture and Technology Solutions Available for Abating the Aflatoxin Challenge Ranajit Bandyopadhyay

More information

Potential biomass is set by light interception

Potential biomass is set by light interception Potential biomass production as a function of available light. Light measurement in fields and platforms X. Draye, UCL Training course Environment & Traits Potential biomass is set by light interception

More information

COTTON WATER RELATIONS

COTTON WATER RELATIONS COTTON WATER RELATIONS Dan R. Krieg 1 INTRODUCTION Water is the most abundant substance on the Earth s surface and yet is the most limiting to maximum productivity of nearly all crop plants. Land plants,

More information

Information architecture for crop growth simulation model applications

Information architecture for crop growth simulation model applications Information architecture for crop growth simulation model applications J. M. Fernandes 1, A. Lazzaretti 2, W. Pavan 3, and R. Y. Tsukahara 4 1 Embrapa Trigo, Passo Fundo, RS, 99001-970, Brazil, e-mail:

More information

TexasET Network Water My Yard Program

TexasET Network Water My Yard Program TexasET Network Water My Yard Program What is the Water My Yard Program? The WaterMyYard Program (http://watermyyard.org) is a new program and website that solves two of the biggest problems in getting

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland Wheat in Poland Cereals are cultivated on 7859 kha, in which 22,9% is covered by wheat. Winter wheat monoculture in Poland Monoculture effects

More information

Sweet sorghum: a multiple-purpose crop for water-limited and low-input systems

Sweet sorghum: a multiple-purpose crop for water-limited and low-input systems Sweet sorghum: a multiple-purpose crop for water-limited and low-input systems S. Braconnier, G. Trouche, M. Dingkuhn (ĀIVA research unit, BIOS department, CIRAD) Sweet Fuel Context (1) The world needs

More information

AUTOMATED SOIL WATER TENSION-BASED DRIP IRRIGATION FOR PRECISE IRRIGATION SCHEDULING

AUTOMATED SOIL WATER TENSION-BASED DRIP IRRIGATION FOR PRECISE IRRIGATION SCHEDULING AUTOMATED SOIL WATER TENSION-BASED DRIP IRRIGATION FOR PRECISE IRRIGATION SCHEDULING Sabine Seidel sabine.seidel@tu-dresden.de Institute of Hydrology and Meteorology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences,

More information

THE USE OF A METEOROLOGICAL STATION NETWORK TO PROVIDE CROP WATER REQUIREMENT INFORMATION FOR IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

THE USE OF A METEOROLOGICAL STATION NETWORK TO PROVIDE CROP WATER REQUIREMENT INFORMATION FOR IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT THE USE OF A METEOROLOGICAL STATION NETWORK TO PROVIDE CROP WATER REQUIREMENT INFORMATION FOR IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT Reimar Carlesso 1*,, Mirta Teresinha Petry 2, Celio Trois 3 1 Professor of the Agriculture

More information

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN CORN CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN NaanDanJain has many years experience with corn irrigation. Modern irrigation can increase the productivity of the crop for higher yields, using less water and fertilizers.

More information

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal As part of a comprehensive package of interventions intended to help break the poverty trap in rural Africa, the Millennium

More information

Weather Indexed Crop Insurance Jared Brown, Justin Falzone, Patrick Persons and Heekyung Youn* University of St. Thomas

Weather Indexed Crop Insurance Jared Brown, Justin Falzone, Patrick Persons and Heekyung Youn* University of St. Thomas Weather Indexed Crop Insurance Jared Brown, Justin Falzone, Patrick Persons and Heekyung Youn* University of St. Thomas Corresponding author: hkyoun@stthomas.edu 1. Introduction There has been a growing

More information

The Watergy greenhouse: Improved productivity and water use efficiency using a closed greenhouse

The Watergy greenhouse: Improved productivity and water use efficiency using a closed greenhouse The Watergy greenhouse: Improved productivity and water use efficiency using a closed greenhouse Guillermo Zaragoza PhD Physics Estación Experimental Fundación Cajamar (Almería - Spain) Closed greenhouses

More information

Climate change and agriculture

Climate change and agriculture Climate change and agriculture Ana Iglesias Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain Contribution to: CGE Hands-on Training Workshop on V&A Assessment of the Asia and the Pacific Region Jakarta, 20-24

More information

EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0

EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0 EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0 1 1. INTRODUCTION This document shows in a practical way the use of CROPWAT 8.0 for design and management of irrigation schemes, taking the user, with the help of an actual

More information

What are the dominant features of rainfall leading to realistic large scale crop yield simulations in West Africa?

What are the dominant features of rainfall leading to realistic large scale crop yield simulations in West Africa? Click Here for Full Article GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 37,, doi:10.1029/2009gl041923, 2010 What are the dominant features of rainfall leading to realistic large scale crop yield simulations in

More information

The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production

The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production Zoran Dimov Faculty of Agricultural Sciencies and Food Facing with Unprecedented Conditions Climate Change are recognized as a serious environmental

More information

visualization tool for interpretation of empirical results from climate model: Does it add value to UbuntuNet Connect Kigali, Rwanda 2013

visualization tool for interpretation of empirical results from climate model: Does it add value to UbuntuNet Connect Kigali, Rwanda 2013 Development of a climate data visualization tool for interpretation of empirical results from climate model: Does it add value to different stakeholders? UbuntuNet Connect Kigali, Rwanda 2013 Co-Authors

More information

WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND APPLICATION OF HYDROLOGICAL MODELING TOOLS AT A WASTEWATER IRRIGATION SITE IN NAM DINH, VIETNAM

WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND APPLICATION OF HYDROLOGICAL MODELING TOOLS AT A WASTEWATER IRRIGATION SITE IN NAM DINH, VIETNAM WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND APPLICATION OF HYDROLOGICAL MODELING TOOLS AT A WASTEWATER IRRIGATION SITE IN NAM DINH, VIETNAM LeifBasherg (1) OlujZejlllJul Jessen (1) INTRODUCTION The current paper is the

More information

Closing Yield Gaps. Or Why are there yield gaps anyway?

Closing Yield Gaps. Or Why are there yield gaps anyway? Closing Yield Gaps Or Why are there yield gaps anyway? Closing Yield Gaps: Large potential to increasing food production Major cereals: attainable yield achieved (%) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%

More information

Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench)

Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench) Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1(4): 776782 (July 2010) Research Article Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench) anapati Mukri, B.D Biradar

More information

Assessment of cork production in new Quercus suber plantations under future climate. Joana A Paulo Margarida Tomé João HN Palma

Assessment of cork production in new Quercus suber plantations under future climate. Joana A Paulo Margarida Tomé João HN Palma Assessment of cork production in new Quercus suber plantations under future climate Joana A Paulo Margarida Tomé João HN Palma 22 May 2012 1 Introduction Climate is related to several variables that affect

More information

May th CASEE Conference, Temisoara (Romenia)

May th CASEE Conference, Temisoara (Romenia) Facing with CC challenges by using seasonal weather forecast in agricultural production Branislava Lalić branka@polj.uns.ac.rs; lalic.branislava@gmail.com Facing with CC challenges by using long range

More information

Agriculture in Mali. Mali women thrashing grain harvest. Photo from Tempo Bamako http://www.tempo-bamako.ch/wordpress/?p=81

Agriculture in Mali. Mali women thrashing grain harvest. Photo from Tempo Bamako http://www.tempo-bamako.ch/wordpress/?p=81 Agriculture in Mali Mali women thrashing grain harvest. Photo from Tempo Bamako http://www.tempo-bamako.ch/wordpress/?p=81 This case study: - Highlights key elements of the WMO s Capacity Development Strategy

More information

Water Saving Technology

Water Saving Technology Water Saving Technology Water Demand & Irrigation Miguel Aguila aguila@gemuese-garten.com Prof. Dr. S. Kleisinger Project for Water and Fertilizer Use Efficiency November 6, 2009 EDUCATIONAL AND WORK HISTORY

More information

Chapter 1 FAO cropwater productivity model to simulate yield response to water

Chapter 1 FAO cropwater productivity model to simulate yield response to water Chapter 1 FAO cropwater productivity model to simulate yield response to water AquaCrop Version 3.1plus Reference Manual January 2011 Developed by Dirk RAES, Pasquale STEDUTO, Theodore C. HSIAO, and Elias

More information

PBIO*3110 Crop Physiology Lecture #1

PBIO*3110 Crop Physiology Lecture #1 PBIO*3110 Crop Physiology Lecture #1 Fall Semester 2008 Lecture Notes for Thursday 4 September How is crop yield related to the absorption of sunlight by a chlorophyll molecule? Introduction: Level of

More information

Convention sur la lutte contre la Désertification

Convention sur la lutte contre la Désertification NATIONS UNIES Convention sur la lutte contre la Désertification Distr. GÉNÉRALE ICCD/COP(6)/CST/6 28 mai 2003 FRANÇAIS Original: ANGLAIS CONFÉRENCE DES PARTIES Comité de la science et de la technologie

More information

PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I The Study

PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I The Study PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I - 1971 1. The Study The High Yielding Varieties Programme (HYVP) was the latest of a series of Govt. sponsored programmes directed at

More information

The Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in North America

The Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in North America The Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in North America Linda Mearns Institute for the Study of Science and Environment Boulder, Colorado I will restrict my comments to issues affecting North America

More information

Primary Activities: Agriculture

Primary Activities: Agriculture Primary Activities: Agriculture Def. : growing crops and tending livestock, for sale or subsistence. 10% of the total earth land is for crop farming. Declining trend in agriculture employment in developing

More information

EFFECT OF SOWING DATE AND NPK FERTILIZER RATE ON YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF QUALITY PROTEIN MAIZE (Zea mays L.)

EFFECT OF SOWING DATE AND NPK FERTILIZER RATE ON YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF QUALITY PROTEIN MAIZE (Zea mays L.) EFFECT OF SOWING DATE AND NPK FERTILIZER RATE ON YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF QUALITY PROTEIN MAIZE (Zea mays L.) M. M. Jaliya 1, A. M. Falaki 2, M. Mahmud 2 and Y.A. Sani 1 1 National Agricultural Extension

More information

Assets & Market Access (AMA) Innovation Lab. Tara Steinmetz, Assistant Director Feed the Future Innovation Labs Partners Meeting April 21, 2015

Assets & Market Access (AMA) Innovation Lab. Tara Steinmetz, Assistant Director Feed the Future Innovation Labs Partners Meeting April 21, 2015 Assets & Market Access (AMA) Innovation Lab Tara Steinmetz, Assistant Director Feed the Future Innovation Labs Partners Meeting April 21, 2015 Countries with Current AMA Innovation Lab Projects AMERICAS

More information

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice Agriculture, Environment and Food Security in the Context of Rice Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice W. M. W. Weerakoon, T. N. N. Priyadarshani,

More information

Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments)

Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments) Space for Agriculture and Food Security Rome, WFP Headquarters, 8-9 March 2012 Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments) Renato Cumani Environment Officer

More information

Index Insurance for Small-holder Agriculture:

Index Insurance for Small-holder Agriculture: Index Insurance for Small-holder Agriculture: What We Have Learned about Impacts & Contract Design Michael R Carter Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics BASIS Assets & Market Access Research

More information

100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary

100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary Soil & More International B.V 100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary March 2012 www.soilandmore.com Executive Summary This is an executive summary of the 100% organic study carried out by Soil & More

More information

Projections, Predictions, or Trends?

Projections, Predictions, or Trends? Projections, Predictions, or Trends? The challenges of projecting changes to fire regimes under climate change Bec Harris 9-11 th October, 2013 What are we looking for? Aims differ, and are more or less

More information

Development and application of the generic Plant growth Modeling Framework (PMF)

Development and application of the generic Plant growth Modeling Framework (PMF) 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Perth, Australia, 12 16 December 2011 http://mssanz.org.au/modsim2011 Development and application of the generic Plant growth Modeling Framework

More information

Big Data: Challenges in Agriculture. Big Data Summit, November 2014 Moorea Brega: Agronomic Modeling Lead The Climate Corporation

Big Data: Challenges in Agriculture. Big Data Summit, November 2014 Moorea Brega: Agronomic Modeling Lead The Climate Corporation Big Data: Challenges in Agriculture Big Data Summit, November 2014 Moorea Brega: Agronomic Modeling Lead The Climate Corporation Outline THE AGRICULTURAL CHALLENGE DATA SCIENCE MEETS AGRICULTURE THE ROLE

More information

Fighting malnutrition with Moringa oleifera leaves: an untapped resource Dr de St Sauveur, A.; Dr Broin, M., MORINGANEWS

Fighting malnutrition with Moringa oleifera leaves: an untapped resource Dr de St Sauveur, A.; Dr Broin, M., MORINGANEWS Fighting malnutrition with Moringa oleifera leaves: an untapped resource Dr de St Sauveur, A.; Dr Broin, M., MORINGANEWS 1 Moringa and other highly nutritious plant resources: Strategies, standards and

More information

The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis

The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis The Role of Spatial Data in EU Agricultural Policy Analysis Wolfgang Britz Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University Bonn Geospatial Open Source Hosting of Agriculture, Resource and Environmental

More information

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda Maize Production in Uganda Farmers have improved maize yields from 1,000Kg/ha to 3,000-5,000 Kg/ha using the recommended technologies Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries

More information

Climate communication to inform community adaptation decision making

Climate communication to inform community adaptation decision making Climate communication to inform community adaptation decision making Experiences from the Adaptation Learning Programme CARE International Parallel Session II: Mainstreaming Climate Services Africa Climate

More information

Environmental Outcomes of Conservation Agriculture in North Italy

Environmental Outcomes of Conservation Agriculture in North Italy Environmental Outcomes of Conservation Agriculture in North Italy Stefano Brenna ERSAF Regional Agency for Agriculture and Forests of Lombardy (Italy) 6th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Winnipeg,

More information

Agriculture. Total marks 100. Section I Pages 2 22

Agriculture. Total marks 100. Section I Pages 2 22 2015 HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION Agriculture Total marks 100 Section I Pages 2 22 General Instructions Reading time 5 minutes Working time 3 hours Write using black pen Draw diagrams using pencil

More information

IRRIWEST IRRIGATION ADVISORY SERVICE

IRRIWEST IRRIGATION ADVISORY SERVICE IRRIWEST IRRIGATION ADVISORY SERVICE User Manual- Normal user profile www.irriwest.com TABLE OF CONTENT 1 MODULES OF THE APPLICATION... 5 1.1 Home... 5 1.2 Irrigation Advisory Service Module... 6 1.2.1

More information

Un autre Sahel est possible! AMESD ECOWAS THEMA. Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock ISSA GARBA AGRHYMET

Un autre Sahel est possible! AMESD ECOWAS THEMA. Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock ISSA GARBA AGRHYMET AMESD ECOWAS THEMA Water resources Management for agriculture and livestock ISSA GARBA AGRHYMET Outline I AGRHYMET /CILSS II AMESD Project/ECOWAS Thema Technical partners intervention axes monitoring vegetation

More information

Overall good climatic conditions lead to normal Rice and Maize development

Overall good climatic conditions lead to normal Rice and Maize development Crop monitoring in DPRK July 2010 Date of issue: 30 July 2010 Vol. 01-2010 Overall good climatic conditions lead to normal Rice and Maize development Significantly higher than normal rainfalls were recorded

More information

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015 4 June 2015 GIEWS Update El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015 Highlights: In March 2015, the arrival of El Niño was officially declared

More information

Land rental, farm investment, and efficiency in Burkina Faso

Land rental, farm investment, and efficiency in Burkina Faso Land rental, farm investment, and efficiency in Burkina Faso December 1, 2016 AEC Conference, Abuja, Nigeria December 1, 2016 1 / 16 Outline 1 Context and Background 2 Research Questions 3 Conceptual Framework

More information

Asia-Pacific Environmental Innovation Strategy (APEIS)

Asia-Pacific Environmental Innovation Strategy (APEIS) Asia-Pacific Environmental Innovation Strategy (APEIS) Integrated Environmental Monitoring IEM) Dust Storm Over-cultivation Desertification Urbanization Floods Deforestation Masataka WATANABE, National

More information

Climate change impacts on agriculture in Europe. Blaž Kurnik. Climate change impacts and adaptation European Environment Agency

Climate change impacts on agriculture in Europe. Blaž Kurnik. Climate change impacts and adaptation European Environment Agency Climate change impacts on agriculture in Europe Blaž Kurnik Climate change impacts and adaptation European Environment Agency Climate change is a global problem with grave implications: environmental,

More information

Spanish Cooperation Program on Western Africa NMHSs

Spanish Cooperation Program on Western Africa NMHSs Spanish Cooperation Program on Western Africa NMHSs 1 st Conference of Ministers responsible for Meteororology in Africa Nairobi, Apr.2010 Luis Fernando López Cotín. WACP Coordinator l.cotin@inm.es WHY

More information

fields Products information about your fields.

fields Products information about your fields. fields Products Satellite images provide overview, show patterns and allow estimation of in-field heterogeneity. fields uses this information in order to support farmers in their complicated decision making

More information

FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0)

FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0) FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0) Objectives To provide a unique shell in which to integrate all software tools to be used for crop monitoring and crop yield forecasting

More information

Practical Exercise on PC. Create Climate files Daily time step. Solution of the exercise

Practical Exercise on PC. Create Climate files Daily time step. Solution of the exercise Practical Exercise on PC Create Climate files Daily time step B Solution of the exercise Legend Red flash indicates buttons to click Red frame Green frame indicates data to input indicates output data

More information

Improving food security

Improving food security From feeding a population expected to reach nine billion by 2050 to looking after soil, water and natural habitats our world s farmers face increasing challenges. What s more, they re under greater pressure

More information

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE. «Special issue on Cotton in Africa»

UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE. «Special issue on Cotton in Africa» UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE «Special issue on Cotton in Africa» N 2 July 2011 Printed at United Nations, Geneva GE.1151099 June 2011 250 UNCTAD/SUC/2011/2

More information

Adoption of Conservation Agriculture in Tunisia: Approches and Strategies Implemented Background

Adoption of Conservation Agriculture in Tunisia: Approches and Strategies Implemented Background Adoption of Conservation Agriculture in Tunisia: Approches and Strategies Implemented Houcine Angar, Hayet Màaroufi, Mohamed Ali Hannechi, Slim Arfaoui, Sonia Msahli, Walid Hamdi, Radhouan Nciri and Halim

More information

Executive Secretariat

Executive Secretariat COMITE PERMANENT INTER-ETATS DE LUTTE CONTRE LA SECHERESSE DANS LE SAHEL PERMANENT INTERSTATE COMMITTEE FOR DROUGHT CONTROL IN THE SAHEL Bénin Burkina Faso Cap Vert Côte d Ivoire Gambie Guinée Guinée Bissau

More information

Model-based design of integrated production systems: a multiobjective

Model-based design of integrated production systems: a multiobjective Model-based design of integrated production systems: a multiobjective optimization problem MM. Ould-Sidi, F. Lescourret INRA, Avignon, France I. Grechi, CIRAD, Montpellier, France PURE, WP1 workshop June,

More information

Impacts of climate change in agriculture in Europe. PESETA-Agriculture study. Ana Iglesias, Luis Garrote, Sonia Quiroga, Marta Moneo

Impacts of climate change in agriculture in Europe. PESETA-Agriculture study. Ana Iglesias, Luis Garrote, Sonia Quiroga, Marta Moneo Impacts of climate change in agriculture in Europe. PESETA-Agriculture study Ana Iglesias, Luis Garrote, Sonia Quiroga, Marta Moneo EUR 24107 EN - 2009 The mission of the JRC-IPTS is to provide customer-driven

More information

Growth through genetics, prosperity through innovation

Growth through genetics, prosperity through innovation Growth through genetics, prosperity through innovation At Advanta, we use genetics to leapfrog into the future and innovation to usher in prosperity. The first Indian multinational seed company with a

More information

MONITORING IRRIGATION SEASON - A SUPPORT TOOL FOR WATER MANAGEMENT AND SHORT-TERM ACTIONS

MONITORING IRRIGATION SEASON - A SUPPORT TOOL FOR WATER MANAGEMENT AND SHORT-TERM ACTIONS OECD WORKSHOP ON IMPROVING THE INFORMATION BASE TO BETTER GUIDE WATER RESOURCE DECISION-MAKING 4-7 May, 2010, Zaragoza MONITORING IRRIGATION SEASON - A SUPPORT TOOL FOR WATER MANAGEMENT AND SHORT-TERM

More information

Irrigation and Water Use Tom Scherer, NDSU Extension Agricultural Engineer

Irrigation and Water Use Tom Scherer, NDSU Extension Agricultural Engineer Irrigation and Water Use Tom Scherer, NDSU Extension Agricultural Engineer For maximum yield potential, dry beans will need 14 to 18 inches of soil moisture during the growing season. With good management,

More information

The Outlook for Food Security in

The Outlook for Food Security in The Outlook for Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Rosenberg International Forum on Water Policy Mahmoud Solh Director General International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

More information

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80

FINAL REPORT. Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 FINAL REPORT Identification of termites causing damage in maize in small-scale farming systems M131/80 Project Manager: Dr MS Mphosi Co-workers: SH Nthangeni, UM du Plessis, AL Rossouw DETAILS PROJECT

More information

Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple Choice Questions Chapter 15 IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD RESOURCES Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which one is an oil yielding plant among the following? (a) Lentil (b) Sunflower (c) Cauliflower (d) Hibiscus 2. Which one is not a

More information

Optimisation of Nitrogen Management for groundwater quality improvement and conservation LIFE04ENV/IT/000454 - OPTIMA-N

Optimisation of Nitrogen Management for groundwater quality improvement and conservation LIFE04ENV/IT/000454 - OPTIMA-N Optimisation of Nitrogen Management for groundwater quality improvement and conservation LIFE04ENV/IT/000454 - OPTIMA-N GENERAL OBJECTIVES! To verify the real contribution of the main agricultural practices

More information

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide Rain on Planting Protection Help Guide overview Rain on Planting Protection allows growers to protect themselves from losses if rain prevents planting from being completed on schedule. Coverage is highly

More information

IRRIGATION TECH SEMINAR SERIES

IRRIGATION TECH SEMINAR SERIES AGENDA: WATERIGHT Web-Based Irrigation Scheduling January 15, 2009 Work Shop Registration Welcome Introduction Overview of WATERIGHT Break Example Break More Examples Bill Green, CIT Pete Canessa, CIT

More information

Index Insurance and Climate Risk Management In Malawi:

Index Insurance and Climate Risk Management In Malawi: Index Insurance and Climate Risk Management In Malawi: Theory and Practice (mostly practice) Presented by Daniel Osgood (IRI) at the 2007 CPASW, Seattle deo@iri.columbia.edu Material contributed by: Miguel

More information

Suggested addendum to the action 6 - Aquastress Tunisian case study : Merguelil valley, by INAT, IRD and CIRAD. Objectives

Suggested addendum to the action 6 - Aquastress Tunisian case study : Merguelil valley, by INAT, IRD and CIRAD. Objectives Strengthening participatory approaches with Information Systems and Simulation Game Playing to define management rules in water shortage with water users and authorities Suggested addendum to the action

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems. Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016

Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems. Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016 Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016 Sorghum is fifth most important cereal globally and feeds around 500 million people;

More information

The use of detailed weather information in farm management

The use of detailed weather information in farm management The use of detailed weather information in farm management Smart AgriMatics 2014, Paris Luka Honzak, Marko Novak, Vanja Blažica, Andrej Ceglar BO - MO, LTD. luka@bo-mo.si Outlook Introduction Company,

More information