Definitions 1. A factor of integer is an integer that will divide the given integer evenly (with no remainder).

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Definitions 1. A factor of integer is an integer that will divide the given integer evenly (with no remainder)."

Transcription

1 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 1 of 20) 8.1 Common Factors Definitions 1. A factor of integer is an integer that will divide the given integer evenly (with no remainder). Find all the factors of a. 44 b. 32 c A factor of a polynomial is a polynomial that will divide the given polynomial evenly (with no remainder). a. The factors of a 3 are 1, a, a 2, and a 3 b. Since 3x(xy 3 ) = 3x 2 y 3, both 3x and xy 3 are factors of 3x 2 y 3. c. Given 2x(3x - 4y) = 6x 2-8xy i. The monomial factor of 6x 2-8xy is ii. The binomial factor of 6x 2-8xy is 3. The greatest common factor (GCF) of two or more integers is the largest integer that is a factor of all of the given integers. Find the GCF of a. 24 an 60 b. 16, 8, and 12

2 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 2 of 20) 4. The greatest common factor (GCF) of two or more monomials is the product of the GCF of the coefficients and all common variable factors. Find the GCF of a. 12a 4 b and 18a 2 b 2 c b. 14a 3 and 49a 7 c. 4x 6 y and 18x 2 y 5 z d. 2xy 2, 4xy and 8x e. 2xy 2 (y - 4) and 10xy(y - 4) 2 5. The Distributive Property states a(b + c) = ab + ac, where the product a(b + c) is called the factored form of the expression and ab + ac is called the expanded form of the expression. To expand an expression means to apply the distributive property and write the expression as terms (addends). To factor an expression means to apply the distributive property and write the expression as a product. The Factored form of the expression is written as a product. Expanding / Multiplying a(b+c) = ab+ ac The Expanded form of the expression is written as a sum. Factoring The monomial factor is The binomial factor is

3 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 3 of 20) Steps to factor a monomial from a multi-term polynomial 1. Find the GCF of all the terms. 2. Rewrite each term of the polynomial as a product of monomials where one of the factors is the GCF. 3. Factor out the GCF. Write the polynomial in factored form where one of the factors is the GCF. a. Factor 5x 3-35x 2 +10x b. Factor 16x 2 y + 8x 4 y 2-12x 4 y 5 c. Factor 14a 2 x - 21a 4 b d. Factor 6x 4 y 2-9x 3 y x 2 y 4

4 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 4 of 20) Note The common factor may be a binomial. e. Factor x(y - 3)+ 4(y - 3) f. Factor a(b- 7) -b(b - 7) Fact a - b = -1(b - a) = -(b - a) Factoring out -1 Factor out -1 from each binomial. a. a - 2b = b. 3x - 2y = c. 4a - 3b = Factor each expression into the product of two binomials. a. a(a - b) + 5(b - a) b. 2x(x - 5) + y(5 - x) b. 3y(5x - 2) - 4(2-5x) c. 5a(x - 4) - (4 - x)

5 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 5 of 20) Factor by Grouping - Factoring Expressions with Four Terms 1. Group the first 2 terms and the last two terms. 2. Factor out the GCF from each group. 3. Write the expression as the product of two binomials. Factor. a. 2x 3-3x 2 + 4x - 6 b. 3x 3-4x 2-6x + 8 c. y 5-5y 3 + 4y 2-20 d. 10xy 2-15xy + 6y - 9

6 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 6 of 20) 8.2 Factor Trinomials of the form x 2 + bx + c x 2 + bx + c b c Factored form x 2 + 9x +14 (x + 2)(x + 7) x 2 - x -12 (x - 4)(x + 3) x 2-2x -15 (x - 5)(x + 3) Note The leading coefficient (the coefficient on the x 2 term) is one. Factor a Trinomial in the Form x 2 + bx + c To factor a trinomial of the form x 2 + bx + c means to express the trinomial as the product of two binomials. a. (x + 6)(x + 2) = x2 + 8x +12 b. (x - 4)(x - 5) = x2-9x + 20 c. (x - 6)(x + 2) = x2-4x -12 d. (x + 7)(x - 4) = x2 + 3x - 28 Observations 1. The sum of the constant binomial terms equals the linear coefficient in the trinomial. 2. The product of the binomial constant terms is the constant term of the trinomial.

7 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 7 of 20) To Factor Trinomials in the form x 2 + bx + c 1. Find two numbers that have a product of c and a sum of b. 2. Write the trinomial as a product of two binomials. That is, use the two numbers from step 1 to fill in the following blanks, x 2 + bx + c = (x + )(x + ) Factor each trinomial a. x 2-2x - 24 b. x x + 32 c. x 2-8x + 15 d. x 2-6x -16 e. x 2 + 3x -18 f. x 2-6x - 8

8 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 8 of 20) g. Factor x 2 +17x - 60 h. Factor x 2-21x Factor Completely 1. Factor out any monomial factor that is common to all terms. 2. Factor the trinomial into the product of two binomials. a. Factor 3x x x b. Factor 3a 2 b -18ab - 81b c. Factor x 2 + 9xy + 20y 2 d. Factor x 2-19xy + 84y 2

9 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 9 of 20) Example Determine the integer values for b so that the trinomial can be factored. a. x 2 + bx + 30 b. x 2 -bx +18

10 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 10 of 20) 8.3 Factoring Polynomials of the form ax 2 + bx + c Recall In section 8.2 the topic was to factor polynomials in the form x 2 + bx + c. That is, the method in section 8.2 only works when the leading coefficient is 1. ax 2 + bx + c a b c a c 10x 2 - x - 3 x 2-4 x 4x 2-27x +18 3x x + 12 The ac-method (Factor by Grouping) 1. Find two numbers that have a product of a c and a sum of b. 2. Re-write the middle term (the bx term) of the trinomial using the numbers from step Factor by grouping. Factor each of the following a. 10x 2 - x - 3 b. 4x 2-27x +18 c. 3x x + 12

11 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 11 of 20) The ac-method (Factor by Grouping) 1. Find two numbers that have a product of a c and a sum of b. 2. Rewrite the middle term (the bx term) of the trinomial using the numbers from step Factor by grouping. Factor each of the following d. 6x 2-5x - 6 e. 8x x -15 f. 15-2x - x 2 g. y 2 + 2y - 24

12 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 12 of 20) When factoring, always factor completely. 1. Factor out any monomial factor common to all terms. 2. Find two numbers that have a product of a c and a sum of b. 3. Rewrite the middle term (the bx term) of the trinomial using the numbers from step Factor by grouping. Factor a. 3x 3-23x x b. 4a 2 b 2-30a 2 b + 14a 2 c. 9a 3 b - 9a 2 b 2-10ab 3 d. 45a 3 b - 78a 2 b ab 3

13 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 13 of 20) 8.4 Factoring The Difference of Two Squares, a 2 - b 2 Factoring the Difference of Two Squares The binomial a + b is the sum of two terms and a - b is the difference of two terms. The difference of two squares, a 2 - b 2 factors into the product of the sum and difference of two terms. That is, a 2 - b 2 = (a + b)(a - b) e.g. x 2-9 = (x) 2 - (3) 2 = (x + 3)(x - 3) 1-64y 2 = (1) 2 - (8y) 2 = (1+ 8y)(1-8y) Factor a. x 2-16 = (x) 2 - (4) 2 = (x + 4)(x - 4) b. a 2-25 = ( ) 2 - ( ) 2 = c. z 4-49 d. c 6-36 e. x 4-10 f. 25c 2 - d 2 g. 6x 2-1

14 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 14 of 20) a. Factor x b. Factor 4z 6 +16a 2 When asked to factor, always factor completely. a. Factor p 8-16 b. Factor n 4-81 c. Factor m 4-256

15 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 15 of 20) Factoring Perfect-Square Trinomials Definition The square of a binomial is a perfect-square trinomial. Thus a perfect-square trinomial factors into a binomial squared. ( binomial) 2 = Perfect -Square Trinomial 1. (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 2. (a - b) 2 = a 2-2ab + b 2 Fact A trinomial is a perfect-square trinomial if 1. The first and last terms are perfect squares, and 2. The middle term is twice the product of the un-squared first and last terms. Determine if each trinomial is a perfect-square trinomial. Then factor each trinomial. a. Factor 9x x +16 = (3x) x + (4) 2 = b. Factor 9x 2-30x + 25 c. Factor 16y 2 + 8y +1

16 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 16 of 20) d. Factor 4x x + 9 e. Factor x x + 6

17 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 17 of 20) Guidelines to Factor a Polynomial 1. If there is a common monomial factor in all the terms, then factor it out. 2. Is the polynomial one of the special forms? a. The difference of two squares: a 2 - b 2 = (a + b)(a - b). b. Perfect-square trinomials factor into a binomial-squared. i. a 2 + 2ab + b 2 = (a + b) 2 ii. a 2-2ab + b 2 = (a - b) 2 3. If the polynomial contains four terms, then try factor by grouping. 4. If the polynomial is a trinomial with a leading coefficient of 1 (i.e. x 2 + bx + c) then it factors into the product of two binomials: x 2 + bx + c = (x + )(x + ). The constant terms in the binomials have a product of c and a sum of b. 5. If the polynomial is of the form ax 2 + bx + c, then factor using the ac-method. Find the two numbers that have a product of ac and a sum of b. Use those numbers to rewrite the bx term as two terms. Then factor the four term polynomial by grouping. Factor a. 3x 2-48 b. x 3-3x 2-4x+12 c. 12x 3-75x d. a 2 b - 7a 2 - b + 7

18 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 18 of 20) 8.5 Solving Equations Definitions A second degree polynomial equation of the form ax 2 + bx + c = 0 is called a quadratic equation in standard form. Furthermore, the ax 2 term is called the quadratic term. The linear term is bx. The constant term is c. Principle of Zero Products If the product of two factors is zero, then at least one of the factors must be zero. If a b = 0, then a = 0 or b = 0.. Solve a. (x - 2)(x - 11) = 0 b. (x - 12)(x + 6) = 0 c. (2x + 3)(4 x - 1)(5x + 11) = 0 d. (3x - 4)(2x + 1)(6x - 7) = 0 Note To solve equations using the principle of zero products both of the following conditions must be met. 1. One side of the equation must be zero. 2. The other side of the equation must be in factored form.

19 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 19 of 20) Solve a. 2x 2 + x = 6 b. 2y 2 - y = 1 c. 2x 2 = 50 d. 16a 2-49 = 0 e. x 2-8x = 0 f. 3a 2 = a g. (x - 3)(x - 10) = -10 h. (x + 2)(x - 7) = 52

20 Math 50, Chapter 8 (Page 20 of 20) Application Problems Example 1 The sum of the squares of two consecutive positive odd integers is equal to 130. Find the two integers. Example 2 A stone is thrown into a well with an initial velocity of 8 ft/s. The well is 440 ft deep. How many seconds later will the stone hit the bottom of the well? Use the equation d = vt +16t 2, where d is the distance in feet, v is the initial velocity in feet per second, and t is the time in seconds. Problem 3 The length of a rectangle is 3 m more than twice the width. The area of the rectangle is 90 m 2. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

Factoring and Applications

Factoring and Applications Factoring and Applications What is a factor? The Greatest Common Factor (GCF) To factor a number means to write it as a product (multiplication). Therefore, in the problem 48 3, 4 and 8 are called the

More information

NSM100 Introduction to Algebra Chapter 5 Notes Factoring

NSM100 Introduction to Algebra Chapter 5 Notes Factoring Section 5.1 Greatest Common Factor (GCF) and Factoring by Grouping Greatest Common Factor for a polynomial is the largest monomial that divides (is a factor of) each term of the polynomial. GCF is the

More information

MATH 90 CHAPTER 6 Name:.

MATH 90 CHAPTER 6 Name:. MATH 90 CHAPTER 6 Name:. 6.1 GCF and Factoring by Groups Need To Know Definitions How to factor by GCF How to factor by groups The Greatest Common Factor Factoring means to write a number as product. a

More information

expression is written horizontally. The Last terms ((2)( 4)) because they are the last terms of the two polynomials. This is called the FOIL method.

expression is written horizontally. The Last terms ((2)( 4)) because they are the last terms of the two polynomials. This is called the FOIL method. A polynomial of degree n (in one variable, with real coefficients) is an expression of the form: a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 + a n 2 x n 2 + + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 where a n, a n 1, a n 2, a 2, a 1, a 0 are

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials Factoring Polynomials Factoring Factoring is the process of writing a polynomial as the product of two or more polynomials. The factors of 6x 2 x 2 are 2x + 1 and 3x 2. In this section, we will be factoring

More information

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring 1.3 Polynomials and Factoring Polynomials Constant: a number, such as 5 or 27 Variable: a letter or symbol that represents a value. Term: a constant, variable, or the product or a constant and variable.

More information

Chapter R.4 Factoring Polynomials

Chapter R.4 Factoring Polynomials Chapter R.4 Factoring Polynomials Introduction to Factoring To factor an expression means to write the expression as a product of two or more factors. Sample Problem: Factor each expression. a. 15 b. x

More information

Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring

Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring Section 4 4: Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring The last chapter introduced the distributive process. The distributive process takes a product of a monomial and a polynomial and changes the multiplication

More information

FACTORING POLYNOMIALS

FACTORING POLYNOMIALS 296 (5-40) Chapter 5 Exponents and Polynomials where a 2 is the area of the square base, b 2 is the area of the square top, and H is the distance from the base to the top. Find the volume of a truncated

More information

6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions

6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions 6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions Objectives 1. Know the meaning of the words term, monomial, binomial, trinomial, polynomial, degree, coefficient, like terms, polynomial funciton, quardrtic

More information

x n = 1 x n In other words, taking a negative expoenent is the same is taking the reciprocal of the positive expoenent.

x n = 1 x n In other words, taking a negative expoenent is the same is taking the reciprocal of the positive expoenent. Rules of Exponents: If n > 0, m > 0 are positive integers and x, y are any real numbers, then: x m x n = x m+n x m x n = xm n, if m n (x m ) n = x mn (xy) n = x n y n ( x y ) n = xn y n 1 Can we make sense

More information

Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule

Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule 116 Concept #1: Definition of a Quadratic Equation A quadratic equation is an equation that can be written in the form ax 2 + bx + c = 0 (referred

More information

1.3 Algebraic Expressions

1.3 Algebraic Expressions 1.3 Algebraic Expressions A polynomial is an expression of the form: a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 +... + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 The numbers a 1, a 2,..., a n are called coefficients. Each of the separate parts,

More information

7-2 Factoring by GCF. Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz. Holt McDougal Algebra 1

7-2 Factoring by GCF. Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz. Holt McDougal Algebra 1 7-2 Factoring by GCF Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz Algebra 1 Warm Up Simplify. 1. 2(w + 1) 2. 3x(x 2 4) 2w + 2 3x 3 12x Find the GCF of each pair of monomials. 3. 4h 2 and 6h 2h 4. 13p and 26p

More information

15.1 Factoring Polynomials

15.1 Factoring Polynomials LESSON 15.1 Factoring Polynomials Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. Also A.SSE.3? ESSENTIAL QUESTION How can you use the greatest common factor to factor polynomials? EXPLORE

More information

Mth 95 Module 2 Spring 2014

Mth 95 Module 2 Spring 2014 Mth 95 Module Spring 014 Section 5.3 Polynomials and Polynomial Functions Vocabulary of Polynomials A term is a number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables raised to powers. Terms in an expression

More information

Factoring Quadratic Expressions

Factoring Quadratic Expressions Factoring the trinomial ax 2 + bx + c when a = 1 A trinomial in the form x 2 + bx + c can be factored to equal (x + m)(x + n) when the product of m x n equals c and the sum of m + n equals b. (Note: the

More information

Tool 1. Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Tool 1. Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Chapter 4: Factoring Review Tool 1 Greatest Common Factor (GCF) This is a very important tool. You must try to factor out the GCF first in every problem. Some problems do not have a GCF but many do. When

More information

6.3 FACTORING ax 2 bx c WITH a 1

6.3 FACTORING ax 2 bx c WITH a 1 290 (6 14) Chapter 6 Factoring e) What is the approximate maximum revenue? f) Use the accompanying graph to estimate the price at which the revenue is zero. y Revenue (thousands of dollars) 300 200 100

More information

FACTORING ax 2 bx c. Factoring Trinomials with Leading Coefficient 1

FACTORING ax 2 bx c. Factoring Trinomials with Leading Coefficient 1 5.7 Factoring ax 2 bx c (5-49) 305 5.7 FACTORING ax 2 bx c In this section In Section 5.5 you learned to factor certain special polynomials. In this section you will learn to factor general quadratic polynomials.

More information

Veterans Upward Bound Algebra I Concepts - Honors

Veterans Upward Bound Algebra I Concepts - Honors Veterans Upward Bound Algebra I Concepts - Honors Brenda Meery Kaitlyn Spong Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) www.ck12.org Chapter 6. Factoring CHAPTER

More information

Factoring Trinomials: The ac Method

Factoring Trinomials: The ac Method 6.7 Factoring Trinomials: The ac Method 6.7 OBJECTIVES 1. Use the ac test to determine whether a trinomial is factorable over the integers 2. Use the results of the ac test to factor a trinomial 3. For

More information

Factoring, Solving. Equations, and Problem Solving REVISED PAGES

Factoring, Solving. Equations, and Problem Solving REVISED PAGES 05-W4801-AM1.qxd 8/19/08 8:45 PM Page 241 Factoring, Solving Equations, and Problem Solving 5 5.1 Factoring by Using the Distributive Property 5.2 Factoring the Difference of Two Squares 5.3 Factoring

More information

Factoring Guidelines. Greatest Common Factor Two Terms Three Terms Four Terms. 2008 Shirley Radai

Factoring Guidelines. Greatest Common Factor Two Terms Three Terms Four Terms. 2008 Shirley Radai Factoring Guidelines Greatest Common Factor Two Terms Three Terms Four Terms 008 Shirley Radai Greatest Common Factor 008 Shirley Radai Factoring by Finding the Greatest Common Factor Always check for

More information

In algebra, factor by rewriting a polynomial as a product of lower-degree polynomials

In algebra, factor by rewriting a polynomial as a product of lower-degree polynomials Algebra 2 Notes SOL AII.1 Factoring Polynomials Mrs. Grieser Name: Date: Block: Factoring Review Factor: rewrite a number or expression as a product of primes; e.g. 6 = 2 3 In algebra, factor by rewriting

More information

Algebra 1 Chapter 08 review

Algebra 1 Chapter 08 review Name: Class: Date: ID: A Algebra 1 Chapter 08 review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Simplify the difference. 1. (4w 2 4w 8) (2w 2 + 3w 6)

More information

( ) FACTORING. x In this polynomial the only variable in common to all is x.

( ) FACTORING. x In this polynomial the only variable in common to all is x. FACTORING Factoring is similar to breaking up a number into its multiples. For example, 10=5*. The multiples are 5 and. In a polynomial it is the same way, however, the procedure is somewhat more complicated

More information

Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions

Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions The first method we will discuss, in solving polynomial equations, is the method of FACTORING. Before we jump into this process, you need to have some concept of what

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials Factoring a Polynomial Expression Factoring a polynomial is expressing the polynomial as a product of two or more factors. Simply stated, it is somewhat the reverse process of multiplying. To factor polynomials,

More information

Factoring a Difference of Two Squares. Factoring a Difference of Two Squares

Factoring a Difference of Two Squares. Factoring a Difference of Two Squares 284 (6 8) Chapter 6 Factoring 87. Tomato soup. The amount of metal S (in square inches) that it takes to make a can for tomato soup is a function of the radius r and height h: S 2 r 2 2 rh a) Rewrite this

More information

2x 2x 2 8x. Now, let s work backwards to FACTOR. We begin by placing the terms of the polynomial inside the cells of the box. 2x 2

2x 2x 2 8x. Now, let s work backwards to FACTOR. We begin by placing the terms of the polynomial inside the cells of the box. 2x 2 Activity 23 Math 40 Factoring using the BOX Team Name (optional): Your Name: Partner(s): 1. (2.) Task 1: Factoring out the greatest common factor Mini Lecture: Factoring polynomials is our focus now. Factoring

More information

Factoring Methods. Example 1: 2x + 2 2 * x + 2 * 1 2(x + 1)

Factoring Methods. Example 1: 2x + 2 2 * x + 2 * 1 2(x + 1) Factoring Methods When you are trying to factor a polynomial, there are three general steps you want to follow: 1. See if there is a Greatest Common Factor 2. See if you can Factor by Grouping 3. See if

More information

Using the ac Method to Factor

Using the ac Method to Factor 4.6 Using the ac Method to Factor 4.6 OBJECTIVES 1. Use the ac test to determine factorability 2. Use the results of the ac test 3. Completely factor a trinomial In Sections 4.2 and 4.3 we used the trial-and-error

More information

Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations

Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations Math Tutorial Lab Special Topic Factoring Factoring Binomials Remember that a binomial is just a polynomial with two terms. Some examples include 2x+3

More information

FACTORING OUT COMMON FACTORS

FACTORING OUT COMMON FACTORS 278 (6 2) Chapter 6 Factoring 6.1 FACTORING OUT COMMON FACTORS In this section Prime Factorization of Integers Greatest Common Factor Finding the Greatest Common Factor for Monomials Factoring Out the

More information

Name Intro to Algebra 2. Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring

Name Intro to Algebra 2. Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring Name Intro to Algebra 2 Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring Date Page Topic Homework 9/3 2 Polynomial Vocabulary No Homework 9/4 x In Class assignment None 9/5 3 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials Pg. 332

More information

POLYNOMIALS and FACTORING

POLYNOMIALS and FACTORING POLYNOMIALS and FACTORING Exponents ( days); 1. Evaluate exponential expressions. Use the product rule for exponents, 1. How do you remember the rules for exponents?. How do you decide which rule to use

More information

In the above, the number 19 is an example of a number because its only positive factors are one and itself.

In the above, the number 19 is an example of a number because its only positive factors are one and itself. Math 100 Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping (Review) Factoring Definition: A factor is a number, variable, monomial, or polynomial which is multiplied by another number, variable, monomial,

More information

Factor Polynomials Completely

Factor Polynomials Completely 9.8 Factor Polynomials Completely Before You factored polynomials. Now You will factor polynomials completely. Why? So you can model the height of a projectile, as in Ex. 71. Key Vocabulary factor by grouping

More information

Mathematics Placement

Mathematics Placement Mathematics Placement The ACT COMPASS math test is a self-adaptive test, which potentially tests students within four different levels of math including pre-algebra, algebra, college algebra, and trigonometry.

More information

Factoring Algebra- Chapter 8B Assignment Sheet

Factoring Algebra- Chapter 8B Assignment Sheet Name: Factoring Algebra- Chapter 8B Assignment Sheet Date Section Learning Targets Assignment Tues 2/17 Find the prime factorization of an integer Find the greatest common factor (GCF) for a set of monomials.

More information

AIP Factoring Practice/Help

AIP Factoring Practice/Help The following pages include many problems to practice factoring skills. There are also several activities with examples to help you with factoring if you feel like you are not proficient with it. There

More information

Unit 3 Polynomials Study Guide

Unit 3 Polynomials Study Guide Unit Polynomials Study Guide 7-5 Polynomials Part 1: Classifying Polynomials by Terms Some polynomials have specific names based upon the number of terms they have: # of Terms Name 1 Monomial Binomial

More information

This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0).

This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0). This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0). This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/

More information

Name Date Block. Algebra 1 Laws of Exponents/Polynomials Test STUDY GUIDE

Name Date Block. Algebra 1 Laws of Exponents/Polynomials Test STUDY GUIDE Name Date Block Know how to Algebra 1 Laws of Eponents/Polynomials Test STUDY GUIDE Evaluate epressions with eponents using the laws of eponents: o a m a n = a m+n : Add eponents when multiplying powers

More information

Factoring (pp. 1 of 4)

Factoring (pp. 1 of 4) Factoring (pp. 1 of 4) Algebra Review Try these items from middle school math. A) What numbers are the factors of 4? B) Write down the prime factorization of 7. C) 6 Simplify 48 using the greatest common

More information

Difference of Squares and Perfect Square Trinomials

Difference of Squares and Perfect Square Trinomials 4.4 Difference of Squares and Perfect Square Trinomials 4.4 OBJECTIVES 1. Factor a binomial that is the difference of two squares 2. Factor a perfect square trinomial In Section 3.5, we introduced some

More information

Polynomials. Key Terms. quadratic equation parabola conjugates trinomial. polynomial coefficient degree monomial binomial GCF

Polynomials. Key Terms. quadratic equation parabola conjugates trinomial. polynomial coefficient degree monomial binomial GCF Polynomials 5 5.1 Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials and Polynomial Functions 5.2 Multiplication of Polynomials 5.3 Division of Polynomials Problem Recognition Exercises Operations on Polynomials

More information

By reversing the rules for multiplication of binomials from Section 4.6, we get rules for factoring polynomials in certain forms.

By reversing the rules for multiplication of binomials from Section 4.6, we get rules for factoring polynomials in certain forms. SECTION 5.4 Special Factoring Techniques 317 5.4 Special Factoring Techniques OBJECTIVES 1 Factor a difference of squares. 2 Factor a perfect square trinomial. 3 Factor a difference of cubes. 4 Factor

More information

SPECIAL PRODUCTS AND FACTORS

SPECIAL PRODUCTS AND FACTORS CHAPTER 442 11 CHAPTER TABLE OF CONTENTS 11-1 Factors and Factoring 11-2 Common Monomial Factors 11-3 The Square of a Monomial 11-4 Multiplying the Sum and the Difference of Two Terms 11-5 Factoring the

More information

6.1 The Greatest Common Factor; Factoring by Grouping

6.1 The Greatest Common Factor; Factoring by Grouping 386 CHAPTER 6 Factoring and Applications 6.1 The Greatest Common Factor; Factoring by Grouping OBJECTIVES 1 Find the greatest common factor of a list of terms. 2 Factor out the greatest common factor.

More information

Algebra Unit 6 Syllabus revised 2/27/13 Exponents and Polynomials

Algebra Unit 6 Syllabus revised 2/27/13 Exponents and Polynomials Algebra Unit 6 Syllabus revised /7/13 1 Objective: Multiply monomials. Simplify expressions involving powers of monomials. Pre-assessment: Exponents, Fractions, and Polynomial Expressions Lesson: Pages

More information

MATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS

MATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS MATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS Review Material from Math 60 2.5 4.3 4.4a Chapter #8: Systems of Linear Equations 8.1 8.2 8.3 Chapter #5: Exponents and Polynomials 5.1 5.2a 5.2b 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6a 5.7a 1

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials UNIT 11 Factoring Polynomials You can use polynomials to describe framing for art. 396 Unit 11 factoring polynomials A polynomial is an expression that has variables that represent numbers. A number can

More information

Math 25 Activity 6: Factoring Advanced

Math 25 Activity 6: Factoring Advanced Instructor! Math 25 Activity 6: Factoring Advanced Last week we looked at greatest common factors and the basics of factoring out the GCF. In this second activity, we will discuss factoring more difficult

More information

Chapter 4. Polynomials

Chapter 4. Polynomials 4.1. Add and Subtract Polynomials KYOTE Standards: CR 8; CA 2 Chapter 4. Polynomials Polynomials in one variable are algebraic expressions such as 3x 2 7x 4. In this example, the polynomial consists of

More information

Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any.

Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. Algebra 2 - Chapter Prerequisites Vocabulary Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. P1 p. 1 1. counting(natural) numbers - {1,2,3,4,...}

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials Factoring Polynomials 4-1-2014 The opposite of multiplying polynomials is factoring. Why would you want to factor a polynomial? Let p(x) be a polynomial. p(c) = 0 is equivalent to x c dividing p(x). Recall

More information

Unit 1: Polynomials. Expressions: - mathematical sentences with no equal sign. Example: 3x + 2

Unit 1: Polynomials. Expressions: - mathematical sentences with no equal sign. Example: 3x + 2 Pure Math 0 Notes Unit : Polynomials Unit : Polynomials -: Reviewing Polynomials Epressions: - mathematical sentences with no equal sign. Eample: Equations: - mathematical sentences that are equated with

More information

Operations with Algebraic Expressions: Multiplication of Polynomials

Operations with Algebraic Expressions: Multiplication of Polynomials Operations with Algebraic Expressions: Multiplication of Polynomials The product of a monomial x monomial To multiply a monomial times a monomial, multiply the coefficients and add the on powers with the

More information

A Systematic Approach to Factoring

A Systematic Approach to Factoring A Systematic Approach to Factoring Step 1 Count the number of terms. (Remember****Knowing the number of terms will allow you to eliminate unnecessary tools.) Step 2 Is there a greatest common factor? Tool

More information

Section 2.1 Intercepts; Symmetry; Graphing Key Equations

Section 2.1 Intercepts; Symmetry; Graphing Key Equations Intercepts: An intercept is the point at which a graph crosses or touches the coordinate axes. x intercept is 1. The point where the line crosses (or intercepts) the x-axis. 2. The x-coordinate of a point

More information

When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property and take out the GCF.

When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property and take out the GCF. Factoring: reversing the distributive property. The distributive property allows us to do the following: When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property

More information

Sect 6.1 - Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping

Sect 6.1 - Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping Sect 6.1 - Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping Our goal in this chapter is to solve non-linear equations by breaking them down into a series of linear equations that we can solve. To do this,

More information

Algebra 2 PreAP. Name Period

Algebra 2 PreAP. Name Period Algebra 2 PreAP Name Period IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR STUDENTS!!! We understand that students come to Algebra II with different strengths and needs. For this reason, students have options for completing

More information

7-6. Choosing a Factoring Model. Extension: Factoring Polynomials with More Than One Variable IN T RO DUC E T EACH. Standards for Mathematical Content

7-6. Choosing a Factoring Model. Extension: Factoring Polynomials with More Than One Variable IN T RO DUC E T EACH. Standards for Mathematical Content 7-6 Choosing a Factoring Model Extension: Factoring Polynomials with More Than One Variable Essential question: How can you factor polynomials with more than one variable? What is the connection between

More information

Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square

Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square 9. Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square 9. OBJECTIVES 1. Solve a quadratic equation by the square root method. Solve a quadratic equation by completing the square. Solve a geometric application

More information

BEGINNING ALGEBRA ACKNOWLEDMENTS

BEGINNING ALGEBRA ACKNOWLEDMENTS BEGINNING ALGEBRA The Nursing Department of Labouré College requested the Department of Academic Planning and Support Services to help with mathematics preparatory materials for its Bachelor of Science

More information

FACTORING TRINOMIALS IN THE FORM OF ax 2 + bx + c

FACTORING TRINOMIALS IN THE FORM OF ax 2 + bx + c Tallahassee Community College 55 FACTORING TRINOMIALS IN THE FORM OF ax 2 + bx + c This kind of trinomial differs from the previous kind we have factored because the coefficient of x is no longer "1".

More information

Alum Rock Elementary Union School District Algebra I Study Guide for Benchmark III

Alum Rock Elementary Union School District Algebra I Study Guide for Benchmark III Alum Rock Elementary Union School District Algebra I Study Guide for Benchmark III Name Date Adding and Subtracting Polynomials Algebra Standard 10.0 A polynomial is a sum of one ore more monomials. Polynomial

More information

5.1 FACTORING OUT COMMON FACTORS

5.1 FACTORING OUT COMMON FACTORS C H A P T E R 5 Factoring he sport of skydiving was born in the 1930s soon after the military began using parachutes as a means of deploying troops. T Today, skydiving is a popular sport around the world.

More information

The majority of college students hold credit cards. According to the Nellie May

The majority of college students hold credit cards. According to the Nellie May CHAPTER 6 Factoring Polynomials 6.1 The Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping 6. Factoring Trinomials of the Form b c 6.3 Factoring Trinomials of the Form a b c and Perfect Square Trinomials

More information

Factoring. Factoring Polynomial Equations. Special Factoring Patterns. Factoring. Special Factoring Patterns. Special Factoring Patterns

Factoring. Factoring Polynomial Equations. Special Factoring Patterns. Factoring. Special Factoring Patterns. Special Factoring Patterns Factoring Factoring Polynomial Equations Ms. Laster Earlier, you learned to factor several types of quadratic expressions: General trinomial - 2x 2-5x-12 = (2x + 3)(x - 4) Perfect Square Trinomial - x

More information

Math PreCalc 20 Chapter 4 Review of Factoring. Questions to try. 2. x 2 6xy x x x x 2 y + 8xy

Math PreCalc 20 Chapter 4 Review of Factoring. Questions to try. 2. x 2 6xy x x x x 2 y + 8xy Math PreCalc 20 Chapter 4 Review of Factoring Multiplying (Expanding) Type 1: Monomial x Binomial Monomial x Trinomial Ex: 3(x + 4) = 3x + 12-2(x 2 + 2x 1) = -2x 2 4x + 2 Multiply the following: 1. 5(x

More information

6.6 Factoring Strategy

6.6 Factoring Strategy 456 CHAPTER 6. FACTORING 6.6 Factoring Strategy When you are concentrating on factoring problems of a single type, after doing a few you tend to get into a rhythm, and the remainder of the exercises, because

More information

Factoring. Factoring Monomials Monomials can often be factored in more than one way.

Factoring. Factoring Monomials Monomials can often be factored in more than one way. Factoring Factoring is the reverse of multiplying. When we multiplied monomials or polynomials together, we got a new monomial or a string of monomials that were added (or subtracted) together. For example,

More information

Florida Math 0028. Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Upper

Florida Math 0028. Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Upper Florida Math 0028 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Upper Exponents & Polynomials MDECU1: Applies the order of operations to evaluate algebraic

More information

P.E.R.T. Math Study Guide

P.E.R.T. Math Study Guide A guide to help you prepare for the Math subtest of Florida s Postsecondary Education Readiness Test or P.E.R.T. P.E.R.T. Math Study Guide www.perttest.com PERT - A Math Study Guide 1. Linear Equations

More information

A. Factoring out the Greatest Common Factor.

A. Factoring out the Greatest Common Factor. DETAILED SOLUTIONS AND CONCEPTS - FACTORING POLYNOMIAL EXPRESSIONS Prepared by Ingrid Stewart, Ph.D., College of Southern Nevada Please Send Questions and Comments to ingrid.stewart@csn.edu. Thank you!

More information

Academic Success Centre

Academic Success Centre 250) 960-6367 Factoring Polynomials Sometimes when we try to solve or simplify an equation or expression involving polynomials the way that it looks can hinder our progress in finding a solution. Factorization

More information

Sample Problems. Practice Problems

Sample Problems. Practice Problems Lecture Notes Factoring by the AC-method page 1 Sample Problems 1. Completely factor each of the following. a) 4a 2 mn 15abm 2 6abmn + 10a 2 m 2 c) 162a + 162b 2ax 4 2bx 4 e) 3a 2 5a 2 b) a 2 x 3 b 2 x

More information

Introduction Assignment

Introduction Assignment PRE-CALCULUS 11 Introduction Assignment Welcome to PREC 11! This assignment will help you review some topics from a previous math course and introduce you to some of the topics that you ll be studying

More information

MATH 10034 Fundamental Mathematics IV

MATH 10034 Fundamental Mathematics IV MATH 0034 Fundamental Mathematics IV http://www.math.kent.edu/ebooks/0034/funmath4.pdf Department of Mathematical Sciences Kent State University January 2, 2009 ii Contents To the Instructor v Polynomials.

More information

6.4 Special Factoring Rules

6.4 Special Factoring Rules 6.4 Special Factoring Rules OBJECTIVES 1 Factor a difference of squares. 2 Factor a perfect square trinomial. 3 Factor a difference of cubes. 4 Factor a sum of cubes. By reversing the rules for multiplication

More information

Factoring Special Polynomials

Factoring Special Polynomials 6.6 Factoring Special Polynomials 6.6 OBJECTIVES 1. Factor the difference of two squares 2. Factor the sum or difference of two cubes In this section, we will look at several special polynomials. These

More information

10 7, 8. 2. 6x + 30x + 36 SOLUTION: 8-9 Perfect Squares. The first term is not a perfect square. So, 6x + 30x + 36 is not a perfect square trinomial.

10 7, 8. 2. 6x + 30x + 36 SOLUTION: 8-9 Perfect Squares. The first term is not a perfect square. So, 6x + 30x + 36 is not a perfect square trinomial. Squares Determine whether each trinomial is a perfect square trinomial. Write yes or no. If so, factor it. 1.5x + 60x + 36 SOLUTION: The first term is a perfect square. 5x = (5x) The last term is a perfect

More information

x 4-1 = (x²)² - (1)² = (x² + 1) (x² - 1) = (x² + 1) (x - 1) (x + 1)

x 4-1 = (x²)² - (1)² = (x² + 1) (x² - 1) = (x² + 1) (x - 1) (x + 1) Factoring Polynomials EXAMPLES STEP 1 : Greatest Common Factor GCF Factor out the greatest common factor. 6x³ + 12x²y = 6x² (x + 2y) 5x - 5 = 5 (x - 1) 7x² + 2y² = 1 (7x² + 2y²) 2x (x - 3) - (x - 3) =

More information

Actually, if you have a graphing calculator this technique can be used to find solutions to any equation, not just quadratics. All you need to do is

Actually, if you have a graphing calculator this technique can be used to find solutions to any equation, not just quadratics. All you need to do is QUADRATIC EQUATIONS Definition ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a, b, c are constants (generally integers) Roots Synonyms: Solutions or Zeros Can have 0, 1, or 2 real roots Consider the graph of quadratic equations.

More information

Algebra Tiles Activity 1: Adding Integers

Algebra Tiles Activity 1: Adding Integers Algebra Tiles Activity 1: Adding Integers NY Standards: 7/8.PS.6,7; 7/8.CN.1; 7/8.R.1; 7.N.13 We are going to use positive (yellow) and negative (red) tiles to discover the rules for adding and subtracting

More information

Solving Quadratic Equations

Solving Quadratic Equations 9.3 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula 9.3 OBJECTIVES 1. Solve a quadratic equation by using the quadratic formula 2. Determine the nature of the solutions of a quadratic equation

More information

Pre-Calculus II Factoring and Operations on Polynomials

Pre-Calculus II Factoring and Operations on Polynomials Factoring... 1 Polynomials...1 Addition of Polynomials... 1 Subtraction of Polynomials...1 Multiplication of Polynomials... Multiplying a monomial by a monomial... Multiplying a monomial by a polynomial...

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials Factoring Polynomials 8A Factoring Methods 8-1 Factors and Greatest Common Factors Lab Model Factoring 8-2 Factoring by GCF Lab Model Factorization of Trinomials 8-3 Factoring x 2 + bx + c 8-4 Factoring

More information

a) x 2 8x = 25 x 2 8x + 16 = (x 4) 2 = 41 x = 4 ± 41 x + 1 = ± 6 e) x 2 = 5 c) 2x 2 + 2x 7 = 0 2x 2 + 2x = 7 x 2 + x = 7 2

a) x 2 8x = 25 x 2 8x + 16 = (x 4) 2 = 41 x = 4 ± 41 x + 1 = ± 6 e) x 2 = 5 c) 2x 2 + 2x 7 = 0 2x 2 + 2x = 7 x 2 + x = 7 2 Solving Quadratic Equations By Square Root Method Solving Quadratic Equations By Completing The Square Consider the equation x = a, which we now solve: x = a x a = 0 (x a)(x + a) = 0 x a = 0 x + a = 0

More information

Florida Math Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Lower and Upper

Florida Math Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Lower and Upper Florida Math 0022 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Lower and Upper Whole Numbers MDECL1: Perform operations on whole numbers (with applications,

More information

Factoring Flow Chart

Factoring Flow Chart Factoring Flow Chart greatest common factor? YES NO factor out GCF leaving GCF(quotient) how many terms? 4+ factor by grouping 2 3 difference of squares? perfect square trinomial? YES YES NO NO a 2 -b

More information

In this section, you will develop a method to change a quadratic equation written as a sum into its product form (also called its factored form).

In this section, you will develop a method to change a quadratic equation written as a sum into its product form (also called its factored form). CHAPTER 8 In Chapter 4, you used a web to organize the connections you found between each of the different representations of lines. These connections enabled you to use any representation (such as a graph,

More information

Polynomial Equations and Factoring

Polynomial Equations and Factoring 7 Polynomial Equations and Factoring 7.1 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 7.2 Multiplying Polynomials 7.3 Special Products of Polynomials 7.4 Dividing Polynomials 7.5 Solving Polynomial Equations in

More information

Lagrange Interpolation is a method of fitting an equation to a set of points that functions well when there are few points given.

Lagrange Interpolation is a method of fitting an equation to a set of points that functions well when there are few points given. Polynomials (Ch.1) Study Guide by BS, JL, AZ, CC, SH, HL Lagrange Interpolation is a method of fitting an equation to a set of points that functions well when there are few points given. Sasha s method

More information