Nordic Ecolabelling of Cleaning products

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1 rdic Ecoabeing of Ceaning products Version March March 2017 rdic Ecoabeing

2 Content What is a rdic Ecoabeed ceaning product? 3 Why choose the rdic Ecoabe? 3 What products are eigibe for a rdic Ecoabe? 4 How to appy 5 What are the requirements of the rdic Ecoabe? 7 1 Environmenta requirements Description of the product Prohibited or imited constituent substances and mixtures 8 2 Effectiveness 17 3 Packaging and user instructions 18 4 Quaity and reguatory requirements 20 5 Marketing 21 The design of the rdic Ecoabe 22 Foow-up inspections 22 The duration of the icence 22 New criteria 23 Appendix 1 Marketing of rdic-ecoabeed ceaning products Appendix 2 Anayses, test methods and cacuations Appendix 3 Decaration from the producer of the ceaning product Appendix 4 Decaration from the manufacturer of the raw materia/ingredients Appendix 5 User test Appendix 5a Wash effectiveness for a-purpose ceaners and kitchen products Appendix 5b Wash effectiveness for sanitary ceaners Appendix 5c Wash effectiveness for gass and window ceaners Appendix 5d Summary of resuts Appendix 6 Laboratory test Appendix 7 Fragrances on the 26 ist (Reguation (EC) no. 648/2004 on detergents) 026 Ceaning products, version 5.2, 25 September 2014 This document is a transation of an origina in Swedish. In case of dispute, the origina document shoud be taken as authoritative. Addresses In 1989, the rdic Counci of Ministers decided to introduce a vountary officia ecoabe, the Swan. These organisations/companies operate the rdic ecoabeing system on behaf of their own country s government. For more information, see the websites. Denmark Ecoabeing Denmark Danish Standards Foundation Portand Towers Göteborg Pads 1 DK-2150 rdhavn Phone Fax E-mai: Sweden Ecoabeing Sweden Box SE Stockhom Phone Fax E-mai: rway Ecoabeing rway Henrik Ibsens gate 20 NO-0255 Oso Phone Fax E-mai: Finand Ecoabeing Finand Box 489 FIN Hesinki Phone Fax E-mai: Iceand Ecoabeing Iceand Umhverfisstofnun Suðurandsbraut 24 IS-108 Reykjavik Phone Fax E-mai: This document may ony be copied in its entirety and without any kind of ateration. It may be quoted from provided that rdic Ecoabeing is stated as the source.

3 What is a rdic Ecoabeed ceaning product? rdic Ecoabeed ceaning products are amongst the east environmentay harmfu products within their category, the substances they contain have the owest impact on the environment possibe, and strict requirements are imposed with regard to the chemicas used in the products. The environmenta requirements incude strict requirements as to the content of environmentay harmfu substances and substances not readiy degradabe in aquatic environments. Account is aso taken of heath factors; for exampe the content of fragrance and other aergenic substances is restricted. The products are discharged into water after use. Properties such as biodegradabiity, bioaccumuabiity and toxicity to aquatic organisms are accordingy key considerations with regard to a constituent components. The effect of the products on the environment wi aso depend on the way in which they are used. Accordingy, the consumer must be provided with dosage information. The required performance testing must demonstrate that the specified dose of the product has a ceaning effect that is satisfactory. Furthermore, packaging requirements are imposed in order to reduce the quantity of packaging used and to increase recycing and re-use. rdic Ecoabeed ceaning products: Are among the best in cass with regard to heath and the environment. Offer exceent ceaning performance and are ong asting. Has a smart packaging which means ess transport. Why choose the rdic Ecoabe? Manufacturers of ceaning products can use the rdic Ecoabe trademark in their marketing. The rdic Ecoabe enjoys considerabe renown and credibiity within the rdic countries. The rdic Ecoabe is a cost-effective and simpe way of communicating the manufacturers environmenta work and commitment to customers and suppiers. Environmenta issues are compex and it can take time to understand specific probems. The rdic Ecoabeing process can be used to as an aid to understanding the issues. rdic Ecoabeing is not ony about environmenta issues, but aso about quaity, since these two parameters cannot be separated. This means that a rdic Ecoabeing icence can aso be viewed as a mark of quaity. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

4 What products are eigibe for a rdic Ecoabe? The product group encompasses ceaning products intended for indoor, genera and reguar ceaning of the foowing areas: fixed surfaces (foors, was, ceiings, doors, ties and windows) kitchen equipment (for exampe windows, work surfaces, kitchen cabinets, stoves) sanitary instaations (toiets, baths, showers, wash basins, cabinets) The types of ceaning products to which the requirements appy Professiona products (products are considered professiona if more than 80% of saes are to the professiona market) and/or consumer products can be abeed. Product categories are isted beow: Product categories Ceaning products containing microorganisms which are used to cean fixed surfaces (foors, was etc.), either as concentrates or as RTU-products (Ready to use) for the professiona, market are incuded in the product group. Spray products (or products marketed to be used with a spray appication) containing microorganisms are not incuded in the product group. Concentrated, professiona: This category incudes professiona products that require diution with water prior to use. It contains products for a the aforementioned surfaces, such as fooring, was, ceiings, windows, kitchen work surfaces, ties, sanitary porceain (toiets and bathtubs) and showers. Tabets/ capsues for toiets are incuded in this category. RTU (Ready-to-use) professiona: Professiona products that are pre-diuted and ready for use. This category incudes products for kitchens, bathtubs and showers, but not for arge areas* such as foors. RTU (Ready-to-use) WC professiona: Professiona toiet ceaners that are pre-diuted and ready for use straight from the package. This category ony incudes products for use on toiets and excudes ceaners for other sanitary porceain and bathroom ceaners. RTU (Ready-to-use) window ceaner, consumer and professiona: Professiona window and gass ceaners that are pre-diuted and ready for use straight from the package. Concentrated, consumer: Concentrated products that require diution with water prior to use that are designed for the consumer market. This category contains products for a the aforementioned surfaces in the home, such as fooring, was, ceiings, windows, kitchen work surfaces, sanitary porceain and showers. Tabets/capsues for toiets are incuded in this category. RTU (Ready-to-use) WC, consumer: Consumer toiet ceaners that are prediuted and ready for use straight from the package. This category ony incudes products for use on toiets and excudes ceaners for other sanitary porceain and bathroom ceaners. RTU (Ready-to-use) consumer (other): Pre-diuted consumer products that are ready to use without diution. This category incudes products for kitchens, bathrooms and showers, but not for arge areas* such as foors. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

5 RTU-spray products refer to products with a mechanica spreading/spray function. Foam products are considered as RTU-products, but not as spray products and need to fufi RTU requirements. *The term arge areas refers to areas such as foors and tied bathroom was. RTU products sha be intended for use on smaer surfaces and oca ceaning. Method of use Concentrated products that can be used both in a diuted state, such as diuted in a bucket of water, and in a more concentrated state, such as diuted with a sma quantity of water for use in a spray botte, must fufi the requirements for both concentrated (diuted in bucket) and RTU (spray botte) products. Products that are sod on both professiona and consumer markets must fufi the requirements for professiona products. Products designed for severa areas of use, such as toiet and bathroom ceaner (was and foor) must fufi the requirements of each appicabe category. Products that do not quaify for ecoabeing as ceaning products Ceaning products intended for specia ceaning purposes cannot be ecoabeed in accordance with these criteria. This incudes products intended soey for the purpose of: cacium remova oven ceaners unbocking bockages, ceaning drains restricting or preventing bioogica growth (agae, fungus, bacteria) tota or partia disinfection continuous ceaning, e.g. fragrance bock for ceaning WCs ceaning products for refrigerated rooms Wipes containing ceaning agents are not eigibe for ecoabeing under the criteria for ceaning products or any other current rdic Ecoabe criteria. In the event of dispute, rdic Ecoabeing wi determine which criteria a product may be ecoabeed under. How to appy Each requirement is abeed with a etter R (requirement) and a number. To quaify for a icence, a requirements must be fufied. Symbos used in the text For each requirement, a description is provided of the way in which the requirement must be documented. The foowing symbo is used: ( Submit The requirement checked on site rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

6 Appication Appications are made to the nationa ecoabeing organisation and the appication is vaid for 12 months. Appications may be processed by another ecoabeing organisation according to agreement between the organisations. The appicant is notified of this. Companies ocated outside the rdic countries make appications to the nationa ecoabeing organisation of the primary market. The appication must consist of a competed appication form together with a of the documentation required to demonstrate compiance with the requirements specified in the criteria document (this is specified for each requirement). The appication form must specify in which rdic countries the products in question are to be sod and the estimated turnover from the products in each country. Further information and assistance may be avaiabe. Visit the reevant nationa website for information. Saes in the rdic region Once granted, a icence is vaid throughout the rdic region. The icence document specifies in which rdic countries the products are sod according to the information provided on the appication. The products are pubished on rdic Ecoabeing s website(s). The icensee undertakes to inform rdic Ecoabeing of any changes as to where the product is sod. If the product is to be sod in other rdic countries than those initiay specified in the appication, the icensee must provide written notification of this and submit any extra documentation required to rdic Ecoabeing in the country that issued the icense. In order to get a rdic icence granted, the foowing documents must be submitted by the appicant: Documentation demonstrating fufiment of any nationa egisation/specia requirements (e.g. documentation that the quantity of phosphorous contained in the product and abeing are in compiance with the rwegian Reguations). Copies of the abe in a the appicabe oca anguages. Documentation demonstrating compiance with nationa reguations, egisation and trade agreements regarding take-back systems for packaging. Onsite checks rdic Ecoabeing wi review the appication and verify the underying information at the icence appicant s premises. During this check, the appicant must be abe to present the materia on which cacuations have been based, the originas of submitted certificates, measurement protocos, purchasing statistics and the ike in support of the requirements. Costs A fee is charged for icence appications. In addition, an annua fee is payabe when the product has been awarded a rdic Ecoabe, based on saes of the rdic Ecoabeed ceaning products. Questions Any questions shoud be directed to rdic Ecoabeing, see the address ist on page 2. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

7 What are the requirements of the rdic Ecoabe? To be awarded a rdic Ecoabe icence, a requirements must be fufied. For renewa, documentation in accordance with a requirements must be submitted in order to retain the icence. 1 Environmenta requirements Uness otherwise specified, the requirements in Chapter 1 appy to a ingoing substances. Ingoing substances are a substances contained in the ceaning product, incuding additives in ingredients (e.g. preservatives and stabiisers), but not poutants deriving from raw materia production. Poutants are traces of raw materia production occurring in the ceaning product in concentrations of ess than 0.010% (100 ppm). Substances added to a raw materia deiberatey or for a purpose are not counted as poutants, irrespective of concentration. Impurities of over 1.0% concentration in the primary product are regarded as constituent substances. Substances/products known to be iberated by a constituent substance (e.g. formadehyde and aryamine) are aso themseves considered to be constituent substances. The weight of tabets and capsues in grams per itre of in-use soution is used for cacuations. For WC tabets, cacuations are based on grams per itre of water, i.e. one tabet for one itre of water for the cacuation of environmentay hazardous substances (R10), CDV (R11) and biodegradabiity (R12). The chemica requirements make reference to the detergents ingredient database ist (DID ist), which is described in more detai in Appendix 2. The DID ist contains the most commony used ingredients in aundry, dishwasher and ceaning detergents. Guideines are provided for substances not incuded in the DID-ist (DID-ist part B) as how to cacuate or extrapoate reevant data. The DID-ist can be found on the webpages of the rdic Ecoabeing secretariats. The DID-ist adopted in January 2007, or ater version, sha be used for cacuating environmenta requirements. Information on requirements pertinent to anaysis aboratories can be found in Appendix 2. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

8 1.1 Description of the product R1 Description of the product Detaied information must be suppied on the ceaning products for which a rdic Ecoabe is sought. The foowing information must be submitted: Description of the product regarding the need of diution. Description of the area of use of the product in accordance with What products are eigibe for a rdic Ecoabe?. Is the product designed for the professiona or the consumer market? * A product is considered to be professiona if more than 80% of the saes go to the professiona market. If rdic Ecoabeing considers that it is uncertain if a product is a consumer or a professiona product the appicant must submit saes statistics or simiar that shows where the product is sod. ( Product abe and/or technica data sheet describing the area of use of the product and possibe need for diution (see aso R20). ( Documentation specifying the market for which the product is designed (consumer or professiona). Marketing materia, product information or simiar for each country in which the product is sod. R2 Information on formuation/recipe Appicants must provide detaied information on the formuation of the ceaning product and encose a safety data sheet for each ingredient. Information on the formuation must incude: Trade name Chemica name Proportion (dry and wet sampe) CAS no. for each ingredient (if an ingredient comprises severa substances, this must be stated) and/or EINECS number for each ingredient (if avaiabe). Function of each ingredient. DID number for substances incuded on the DID ist. Heath and environmenta cassification. The DID number is the number assigned to the ingredient on the DID ist, which is used for the evauation of chemica requirements. The DID-ist is avaiabe from rdic Ecoabeing. See page 2 for addresses. ( Comprehensive recipe for the product as stipuated by the requirement. ( Safety data sheet for each ingredient in accordance with REACH chemica directive (1907/2006) appendix II. 1.2 Prohibited or imited constituent substances and mixtures R3 Cassification of the product Products must not be cassified according to the CLP Reguation (EC) 1272/2008 with amendments or European Dangerous Substances Directive 1999/45/EEC with amendments, as specified in Tabe 1. Cassification according to the EU Dangerous Substance Directive or the CLP Reguation may be used during the transition period, i.e. unti 1 June Foowing the transition period, cassification according to the CLP Reguation is to appy excusivey (see Tabe 1). rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

9 Tabe 1 Product cassification Cassification Hazard category and statement / Hazard symbo and risk phrase Hazard cass CLP Reguation 1272/2008 Dangerous Substances Directive 1999/45/EEC 2008 Hazardous to the aquatic environment Category Acute 1 H400; Category Chronic 1 H410; Category Chronic 2 H411; Category Chronic 3 H412; Category Chronic 4 H413 Acute toxicity Category 1 4; H300, H301, H302 H310, H311, H312 H330, H331, H332 Exception: Professiona products can be abeed with Acute toxicity, Category 4 with H332, H312, H302 if the packaging is designed so that the user does not come in contact with the product. Specific target organ toxicity (STOT) with singe or repeated exposure Aspiration hazard Respiratory or skin sensitizing Skin Corrosion/ irritation Carcinogenic STOT SE, Category 1 with H370, Category 2 with H371 STOT RE, Category 1 with H372, Category 2 with H373 Spray products (consumer and professiona): STOT SE with H335, Eye Dam.1 with H318 Category 1 with H304 Category 1, 1A or 1B with H334, Category 1, 1A or 1B with H317 or with foowing warning incuded on the package: Contains (name of sensitising substance). May cause an aergic reaction. Skin Corr.1B with H314, Skin Corr.1A with H314. Exceptions - Professiona products where the cassification is due to ph. - WC-products for consumers where the cassification is due to ph. Carc 1A/1B/2 with H350, H350i or H351 N with R50 R50/53 or R51/53. R52, R53, R52/53 without N Tx (T+ in rway) with R26, R27, R28, R39 T with R23, R24, R25, R39 and/or R48 Xn with R20, R21, R22 Exception: Professiona products can be abeed with R20, R21, R22 if the packaging is designed so that the user does not come in contact with the product. Tx (T+ in rway) with R39 T with R39, R48 Xn with R68 Spray products (consumer and professiona): Xi with R37, Xi with R41 Xn with R65 Xn with R42 or Xi with R43 C with R34, R35 Exceptions - Professiona products where the cassification is due to ph. - WC-products for consumers where the cassification is due to ph. T with R45 and/or R49 (Carc 1 or Carc 2) or Xn with R40 (Carc 3) Mutagenic Mut 1A/B/2 with H340, H341 T with R46 (Mut 1 or Mut 2), Xn with R68 (Mut 3) Reproductive toxic Repr. 1A/1B/2 with H360, H361, H362 te that the producer is responsibe for cassification. T with R60, R61, R64, R33 (Repr 1 or Repr 2), Xn with R62, R63, R64, R33 (Repr 3) ( Safety data sheet for the product in accordance with REACH chemica directive (1907/2006) appendix II. ( Description of the design of the packaging of professiona products cassified as H332, H312 and/or H302 and/or Xn with R20, R21 and/or R22 demonstrating that the user does not come into contact with the product. Technica description and instructions demonstrating how the user avoids contact with the product. ( Documentation that demonstrates that the product (professiona products and consumer WC products) is cassified as corrosive due to its ph, permitting exemption for H314 skin corr. 1B and 1A / R34 and R35 cassification. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

10 R4 CMR substances The ceaning product must not contain substances that are or may decompose into substances that are carcinogenic (Carc), mutagenic (Mut) or toxic to reproduction (Rep) with the foowing hazard categories or risk phrase, or combinations of these (see Tabe 2): Tabe 2 Cassification of constituent substances Hazard cass Carcinogenic Mutagenic Reproductive toxic Hazard cass, category and statement/ Equivaent hazard category and risk phrase CLP-Reguation 1272/2008 Carc. 1A or 1B; H350 Carc. 1A or 1B; H350i Carc. 2; H351* Muta. 1A or 1B; H340 Muta. 2; H341 Repr. 1A or 1B; H360F Repr. 1A or 1B; H360D Repr. 2; H361f Repr. 2; H361d Lact, H362 Dangerous Substances Directive 1999/45/EEC 1 / EU Directive 67/548/EEC Carc. cat. 1 or 2; R45 Carc. cat. 1 or 2; R49 Carc. cat. 3; R40* Muta. cat. 2; R46 Muta. cat. 3; R68 Repr. cat. 1 or 2; R60 Repr. cat. 1 or 2; R61 Repr. cat. 3; R62 Repr. cat. 3; R63 R64 1 Appicabe for mixtures in transition period to Reguation (EC) no 1272/2008 from Dec to June * MGDA and GLDA compexing agents may contain NTA contaminants in concentrations beow 1.0%, so ong as the concentration of NTA in the ceaning product is ower than 0.1%. ( Duy competed and signed decaration of conformity with product requirements (Appendix 3 or equivaent) and ingredient requirements (Appendix 4 or equivaent). ( Safety data sheet for each ingredient in accordance with REACH chemica directive (1907/2006) appendix II (see R2). R5 Sensitising substances Ingredients must not be cassified as sensitising/aergenic with the foowing risk phrases/hazard categories: H334 / R42 H317 / R43 Any combination of these risk phrases/hazard categories. The foowing substances are exempt from the above requirements, except in spray products: Enzymes (incuding stabiisers and preservatives in enzyme materias) and microorganisms may be incuded if in iquid form or encapsuated granuate form. Fragrances may be incuded in the fina product, see requirement R9 Fragrances. <0.01% by weight preservatives cassified as resp sens 1, 1a or 1b H334/ R42 and/or skin sens 1, 1a or 1b H317/R43 may be incuded in the end product. See requirement R7 for further preservative requirements. MIT ( ) is deemed to be cassified as sensitising. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

11 For spray products* and refis for spray products*, the foowing appies: Consumer products: Fragrance may be incuded in the end product. Professiona products: Fragrance may not be incuded in the end product, see requirement R9 Fragrance. aergenic preservatives may be incuded. * Foam products are not considered as spray products. ( Duy competed and signed decaration that sensitising substances are not incuded in the product. Use Appendix 3 (manufacturer s decaration) or equivaent. Duy competed and signed decaration that ingredients do not contain sensitising substances. Use Appendix 4 (decaration by suppier of raw materias) or equivaent. ( Safety data sheet for each ingredient in accordance with REACH chemica directive (1907/2006) appendix II (see R2). ( Documentation of the concentration of the preservatives cassified as sensitising. ( Safety data sheet or equivaent demonstrating that enzymes/microorganisms are iquid or dust-free granuate form. R6 Substances that must not be present in the product The foowing substances/groups are prohibited from use in the fina product and must not be activey added to ingredients: akyphenoethoxyates (APEOs) and/or APEO derivatives (APD) reactive choro-compounds such as sodium hypochoride choro-organic compounds quaternary ammonium compounds that are not readiy degradabe benzaconiumchoride (CAS ) EDTA* (ethyene diamine tetraacetate) and its sats DTPA (diethyene triamine pentaacetic acid, CAS ) LAS (inear akybenzene sufonates) phosphorous*/** nanomaterias/nanopartices*** perfuorinated substances and poyperfuorinated akyated substances (PFAS) Methydibromo Gutaronitrie (MG CAS ) nitromusks and poycycic musks substances with potentia for endocrine disruption of Category 1 or 2 in EU s priority ist of substances for further evauation of their roe in endocrine disruption. The report can be read in fu at eu/environment/chemicas/endocrine/pdf/fina_report_2007.pdf (from Appendix L, page 238) substances that have been evauated in the EU to be PBT (Persistent, bioaccumuabe and toxic) or vpvb (very persistent and very bioaccumuabe) in accordance with Annex XIII of REACH. See e.g. ec.europa.eu/index.php?pgm=pbt substances of very high concern according to REACH artice 59 echa.europa.eu/chem_data/candidate_ist_en.asp. * Soid soap products (e.g. soap fakes) may as a tota contain 0.06% EDTA and phos phonates. ** te the nationa egisations concerning phosphorous in the rdic countries. In rway phosphorus is reguated in «Forskrift om begrensning i bruk av hese- og mijøfarige kjemikaier og andre produkter (produktforskriften)», 2-12 and *** Nanomaterias/partices: A natura, incidenta or manufactured materia containing partices, in an unbound state or as an aggregate or as an aggomerate and where, for 50% or more of the partices in the number size distribution, one or more externa dimensions is in the size range 1 nm-100 nm. Exampes incude ZnO, TiO 2, SiO 2, Ag and aponite with partices in nanosize in concentration over 1%. Poymer emusions are not considered nanomaterias. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

12 te the definition of constituent substance and impurity in Section 1 of the environmenta requirements. ( Duy competed and signed decarations that the above substances cannot be found in the fina product (Appendix 3 or equivaent) and are not activey added to ingredients (Appendix 4 or equivaent). R7 Preservatives a) Preservatives that can be found in the product or in ingredients must not be bioaccumuating. Preservatives are considered not bioaccumuabe if BCF < 500 or ogk ow < 4. If both BCF and ogk ow vaues are avaiabe, the highest recorded BCF vaue sha be used. b) The concentration of preservatives sha be optimised to the voume of the product. A Chaenge test or equivaent test sha be used to demonstrate this. c) Preservatives are ony permitted to preserve the product or an ingredient. Preservatives may not be added to produce a disinfecting or antibacteria effect. ( Documentation of BCF or ogk ow (e.g. safety data sheet, see R2). ( Appendix 3 and appendix 4. ( Test report of conducted Chaenge test or equivaent demonstrating that an optima concentration of preservatives is used in the product. See Appendix 2 for requirements on test aboratories and information on Chaenge tests. ( Duy competed and signed decaration that preservatives are ony added to preserve the product or ingredient (Appendix 3 or 4 or equivaent documentation). R8 Coouring agents Coouring agents that can be found in the product or in ingredients must not be bioaccumuating. A coouring agent is not considered bioaccumuating if BCF < 500 or ogk ow < 4.0. If both BCF and ogk ow vaues are avaiabe, the highest recorded BCF vaue sha be used. Coouring agents approved for foodstuffs may be accepted. ( Documentation of the coouring agent s BCF or ogk ow (e.g. safety data sheet, see R2) or specification of E-number. ( Appendix 3 and Appendix 4. R9 Fragrances The requirement appies to a fragrance substances, incuding fragrance substances in pant extracts. a) The constituent substances that are added to the fina product as fragrances must be manufactured and/or handed in accordance with the guideines of the Internationa Fragrance Association (IFRA). The manufacturer must foow the requirements stipuated by IFRA standards with respect to prohibited use, imited use and materia purity. b) Fragrance substances subject to decaration in accordance with Reguation (EC) 648/2004 on detergents with amendments (see aso Appendix 7) may not be present in concentrations greater than 100 ppm (>0.010%) per substance (n/a to spray products, see requirement d). c) Fragrance substances that are cassified as H317/R43 and/or H334/R42 must not be present at concentrations above 100 ppm (>0.010%) per substance (n/a to spray products, see requirement d). rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

13 d) Sprays: Fragrance substances subject to decaration in accordance with Reguation (EC) 648/2004 on detergents with amendments (see aso Appendix 7) and/or that are cassified as H317/R43 and/or H334/R42 may not be present in concentrations greater than 50 ppm* (>0.0050%) per substance. e) Fragrances must no onger be incuded in professiona** spray products or their refis. *Refis for spray products may contain the aforementioned substances in concentrations up to 0.050% by weight (500 ppm) provided that the specified diution means that the in-use soution has a concentration of % by weight (50 ppm) or ower. ** Products for professiona use here means products which are marketed for use in professiona settings, such as institutions, catering kitchens, restaurants and in the pubic sector. For products sod to both professionas and consumers, the product is considered a professiona product if the proportion sod to professionas is 80% or higher. In case of doubt whether a product is professiona or consumer, rdic Ecoabeing may require documentation which confirms where the product is to be sod. ( Duy competed and signed decaration from the manufacturer of the ceaning product that demonstrates that fragrances are handed and/or manufactured according to IFRA guideines, as stipuated by requirement R9a. Appendix 3 and 4 can be used. ( Duy competed and signed decaration from the fragrance manufacturer as to the content of appicabe fragrances (e.g. anaysis certificate for the 26 aergens and information on substances cassified as H334/R42 and/or H317/R43) and any pant extracts. Appendix 4 or equivaent may be used. ( Cacuation of the quantity of the 26 aergens and substances cassified as H334/R42 and/or H317/R43) in the end product. ( Recipe according to requirement R2 that demonstrates that no raw materias have been added with the function of fragrance in professiona spray products. R10 Long-term environmenta effects The use of substances cassified with any of the hazard statements H410, H411 or H412 or any of the risk phrases R50/53, R51/53 or R52/53, is imited as foows: Requirement: FV < LV FV = 100 *C H * C H411 + C H412 in gram / itre in-use soution or FV = 100 *C R50/ * C R51/53 + C R52/53 in gram / itre in-use soution Where: LV = imit vaue FV = factor vaue C H410 / R50/53 = concentration of substances cassified as H410 or R50/53 in gram/itre in-use soution C H411 / R51/53 = concentration of substances cassified as H411 or R51/53 in gram/itre in-use soution C H412 / R52/53 = concentration of substances cassified as H412 or R52/53 in gram/itre in-use soution rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

14 Tabe 3 Limit vaues (LV) for environmentay hazardous substances for each category Market Category Limit vaues (LV) (g/ in-use soution) Consumer Concentrated products Consumer Ready-To-Use products, WC 0.50 Consumer Ready-To-Use products, other areas 0.30 Consumer and Professiona Ready-To-Use products, windows 0.30 Professiona Concentrated products Professiona Ready-To-Use products, WC 0.10 Professiona Ready-To-Use products, other areas 0.10 If no detais of a substance s environmenta properties are avaiabe it is considered a worst case environmenta hazard with cassification H410 (R50/53). Surfactants cassified with H412 are exempted from the requirement, provided that they are readiy biodegradabe* and anaerobicay degradabe**. * In accordance to the DID-ist. If the substance is not on the DID-ist documentation must be according to test method. 301 A-F or. 310 in OECD guideines for testing of chemicas or other equivaent test methods. ** In accordance to the DID-ist. If the substance is not on the DID-ist documentation must be according to ISO 11734, ECETOC. 28 (June 1988) or other equivaent test methods, where a minimum of 60% degradabiity under anaerobic conditions is achieved. ( Decaration of surfactants that are exempted from the requirement (quantity, cassification, degradabiity). ( Summary of the product s content in percentage by weight of substances cassified as R50/53 (H410), R51/53 (H411) and R52/53 (H412). Appendix 3 for the product and Appendix 4 for ingredients, or equivaent, can be used to document the content of the specified substances. ( Cacuations according to the specified formua demonstrating the fufiment of the requirement. ( Safety data sheet for each constituent ingredient specifying its environmenta hazard (acute aquatic toxicity, biodegradabiity and/or bioaccumuating characteristics) as for R2. R11 The critica diution voume (CDV) The critica diution voume (CDV) sha be cacuated for a chemicas* contained in the ceaning product. CDV is a theoretica vaue that takes into regard each substance s toxicity and biodegradabiity. * Microorganisms ar exempted from this requirement. The product s critica diution voume is cacuated at the recommended dosage that is stated on the packaging. The product s CDV must not exceed the foowing imit vaues for CDV chronic : Tabe 4 Threshod vaues CDV chronic Category CDV chronic Concentrated, consumer RTU WC, consumer* RTU other, consumer RTU window, consumer and professiona Concentrated professiona 9500 RTU WC, professiona* RTU, professiona *The water in the toiet is not incuded as a part of the in-use soution. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

15 CDV is cacuated using the formuas shown beow. CDV must be cacuated for a substances in the product: CDV chronic = CDV i = (dose i x DF i x 1000 / TF chronic ) dose i = the ingoing quantity of the individua substance i (gram / iter inuse soution) DF i = degradation factor for substance i as shown on the DID-ist TF chronic = chronic toxicity factor as shown in the DID-ist. If TF chronic is missing TF acute can be used. ( Cacuation of CDV chronic for the product. ( Reference to the DID-ist, dated 2007 or ater. If the substance is not contained in the DID-ist, the parameters must be cacuated using the guideines contained in part B of the DID-ist and the associated documentation must be encosed. R12 Content of aerobic and/or anaerobic non-biodegradabe organic materia The product s tota content of aerobic (anbo) non-biodegradabe organic materias must not exceed the imits stated beow per itre of in-use soution. The product s tota content of anaerobic (annbo) non-biodegradabe organic materias must not exceed the imits stated beow per itre of in-use soution. anbo and annbo vaues are cacuated for a organic substances in the detergent. te that a surfactants must be aerobicay and anaerobicay biodegradabe according to R13. See aso the exemptions from the requirement for anaerobic biodegradabiity of substances which are not surfactants (Appendix 2, Point 6 Anaerobic biodegradabiity). Tabe 5 Threshod vaues for anbo and annbo Market /category anbo (g/itre in-use soution) Concentrated, consumer RTU WC, consumer* RTU other, consumer RTU window, consumer and professiona Concentrated professiona RTU WC, professiona* RTU, professiona te that the foowing exceptions appy: annbo (g/iter in-use soution) Cumensuphonate (DID 139) the data on the DID ist does not agree with that pubished under the HERA project. The foowing data on cumensuphonates can be used for appication: anbo = R and DF = Since BCF = 1.41 and ogk ow = -2.7, cumensuphonates can in accordance with Appendix 2 be exempted from the cacuation of annbo. Iminodisuccinate (DID 148) can be excuded from the cacuation of annbo. ( Cacuation of anbo and annbo for the product. ( Reference to the DID-ist, dated 2007 or ater. If the substance is not contained in the DID-ist, the parameters must be cacuated using the guideines contained in part B of the DID-ist and the associated documentation must be encosed. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

16 R13 Surfactants a) A surfactants must be readiy aerobicay biodegradabe. b) A surfactants must be anaerobicay biodegradabe. ( Reference to the DID ist dated 2007 or ater. If the DID ist does not contain reevant data, data can be taken from the materia safety data sheets provided that the data are reiabe and that test methods compy with Appendix 2. Section B of the DID ist shows how the various factors are cacuated. It is aso permitted to refer to anaogous arguments as ong as these are carried out by a competent third party. It is aso permitted to refer to reevant iterature that has been scientificay evauated. R14 Microorganisms a) Products containing microorganisms to be eigibe for rdic Ecoabeing are professiona ceaning products (within the product group definition). See aso R5 which excudes microorgranisms in spray products. b) Ony microorganisms that fufi the foowing requirements may be incuded in the ceaning product: The microorganisms are found in Risk group 1 in Directive 2000/54/CE. Microorganisms must not contain any of the foowing pathogen species when screened using the foowing or equivaent test methods: o E. Coi, test method ISO :2005 o Streptococcus (Enterococcus), test method ISO :2004 o Staphyococcus aureus, test method ISO o Bacius cereus, test method ISO 7932:2004 or ISO o Samonea, test method ISO6579:2002 or ISO The microorganisms DNA is identified according to a Strain identification protoco (using the 16S ribosoma DNA sequencing or other equivaent methods). The microorganisms are not resistant to the foowing types of antibiotics: o Aminogyckosiders o Macroides o Beta -actam o Tetracycines o Fuoroquinoones or other quinoones according to EUCAST or rdic AST or other equivaent method. Microorganisms must not be GMO. Coony forming units (CFU) > 1.0 x 105 microorganisms per m in-use soution. The products must on their abes/product information sheet or in other marketing materia provide the user with the foowing information: o That the product contains microorganisms o That the products sha not be used in paces were immunocompromised peope are present o Instruction saying that the products sha not be used on surfaces in contact with food. o That the products sha not be used with spray appication Products containing microorganisms sha dispay superior ceaning performance beyond the genera ceaning requirements of R15 and R16. It must be demonstrated that the ceaning product can degrade the foowing: o Protein: degradation of proteins shown as degradation on standard casein agar medium or through other scientificay acknowedged medium dispaying protein degradation. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

17 o Starch: degradation of starch shown as degradation on standard starch agar or through other scientificay acknowedged medium dispaying starch degradation. o Fat and/or vegetabe oi: degradation shown as degradation on Spirit Bue -agar medium or through other scientificay acknowedged medium. Shef-ife: show that the microorganisms have a good stabiity by performing a stabiity test at room temperature showing that the microorganisms not decrease more than 20% aternativey decrease at < 1og per year according to ISO :2014 (Horizonta method for the enumeration of microorganisms) or through other scientificay acknowedged method to count the number of microorganisms. Anaysis sha be performed by a aboratory fufiing the requirements of Appendix 2. te that products containing microorganisms sod in rway have to fufi the nationa egisation FOR nr 93 and that they must aso be isted on In addition to that FOR nr 931 must be fufied when reevant. ( Documentation demonstrating that the microorganisms are cassified as Risk Group 1. ( Documented DNA identification. ( Test resuts demonstrating that the microorganisms are not resistant to antibiotics, do not incude the aforementioned pathogenic strains and are not GMO. ( Documentation of coony forming units per m in-use soution. ( Performance test demonstrating that the product can degrade protein, start, fat and oi. ( Product abe and marketing materia showing that that product is designed for professiona use, appication method and that the above mentioned requirement regarding information on the abe is present. ( Stabiity study showing shef ife according to the requirement above. 2 Effectiveness This requirement stipuates that the performance of the product must be equa or better than the performance of a reference product. Professiona products can be tested using a aboratory test (R14) or user test (R15). Consumer products must be tested by a aboratory. R15 Performance test Laboratory test a) The product must through aboratory testing demonstrate equa or superior ceaning performance to a reference product within the same product category. The product must aso cean better than water aone. If the product is marketed for both professiona and consumer use it sha be tested against a professiona product. The test sha demonstrate the abiity to remove soi in accordance with the method described in Appendix 6. The test sha be performed by a aboratory compying with Appendix 2 (item 1B). b) If the product is tested in accordance with the EU Ecoabe s test for apurpose ceaners and sanitary ceaners (Commission decision of 28 June 2011 or ater version), this aboratory test can be used. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

18 ( Aternative a: Test report containing data on dosage, seection of reference product, description of the test method, description of the soi and soi preparation, seection of surfaces, cacuation of EFF (performance index) in accordance with Appendix 6. The report sha demonstrate that the product is equa to or better than the reference product and better than water. ( Aternative a: Documentation on the test aboratory demonstrating compiance with Appendix 2 (item 1B). ( Aternative b: Description of how the EU Ecoabe test has been performed and compete resuts from the test. R16 Performance test User test (professiona products ony) a) The product must demonstrate ceaning performance that is equa to or better than a reference product within the same product category in 80% of tests. The performance of the product sha be judged in three areas: Abiity to remove soi in comparison to the reference product. Abrasion to the ceaned surface in comparison to the reference product. Effectiveness in comparison to the reference product. The tests sha be performed by at east five users. A users/testers sha compete Appendix 5 (a, b or c, depending on the product category). The appicant sha coate the resuts according to Appendix 5d. b) If the product is tested in accordance with the EU Ecoabe s test for apurpose ceaners and sanitary ceaners (Commission decision of 28 June 2011 or ater version), this user test can be used. ( Aternative a: Description of how the test is performed. ( Aternative a: A fuy competed questionnaires (Appendix 5a, b or c) and a summary of responses (Appendix 5d). ( Aternative b: Description of how the EU Ecoabe test has been performed and compete resuts from the test. 3 Packaging and user instructions R17 Packaging pastic Pastic packaging (incuding caps, ids and pumps) and abes containing PVC or pastic based on other types of chorinated materias must not be used. ( Data sheet or decaration specifying the pastics that are used (incuding abes and caps). Appendix 3 or equivaent decaration may be used. R18 DIN abeing To faciitate identification for recycing, pastic bottes that are used as packaging must be marked in accordance with DIN 6120, section 2, ISO 11469:2000 or equivaent standard. Caps, ids and pumps are exempt from this requirement. ( Documentation of primary packaging demonstrating that marking compies with DIN 6120 or equivaent marking reguations. Images of the product marking or data sheet specifying the marking. Marking may aso be specified on the submitted abe. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

19 R19 Weight-utiity ratio (WUR) WUR is a measure of the amount of packaging that is used to deiver a quantity of the product with a predetermined benefit. The weight utiity ratio (gram packaging/itre soution) of the primary packaging is as foows: WUR RTU = [(W i + U i ) / (D i * t i )] gram packaging / itre in-use soution WUR CONCENTRATED = [(W i + U i / (D i * t i )] 1.20 gram packaging / itre in-use soution W i = Weight of the primary packaging component (i) in grams incuding cap, dispenser or simiar + any refis (sod per origina botte) in grams incuding cap, dispenser or simiar. U i = weight (g) of non-recyced (virgin) materia in packaging component (i) in gram. If the proportion of recyced materia in the packaging component is 0%, N i = W i. Packaging is considered postconsumer recyced if the raw materias are recovered from distribution and/or foowing use by consumers. If the raw materia is industria waste from the materia or packaging manufacturer s own production, the materia is not considered postconsumer recyced. D i = Number of doses in the primary packaging component (i), For ready to use products, Di = product voume (in itres). If a primary packaging component is packed with a refi D is the sum of the functiona doses in both packaging (such as W is sum of the weight of both packaging (see description of W)). t i = Reuse factor. I.e. the number of times that the packaging component (i) is reused (by sae of refis). t = 1 if the packaging is not reused for the same function (disposabe packaging). t > 1 may ony be used if supported by documentation demonstrating that the packaging is reused for the same function. ( Decaration/documentation from the packaging manufacturer regarding materia type of packaging components (e.g. id, spray nozze, botte and abe). ( Cacuation of the weight-to-utiity ratio (WUR) and documentation regarding reuse of the packaging, if appicabe. ( Decaration from the packaging manufacture regarding the content of recyced materias (if recyced materias are used). ( If t > 1: documentation demonstrating how many times the packaging is reused for the same function (saes statistics or equa documentation). R20 Take-back system Pertinent nationa reguations, egisation and/or agreements within the sector regarding the recycing systems for products and packaging sha be met in the rdic countries in which the company markets its ceaning product (such as PYR, REPA, Grön Punkt). ( Copies of agreements from the appicant demonstrating adherence to existing recycing/take-back agreements for each rdic country where the product is to be sod. Appendix 3 or equivaent decaration may be used. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

20 R21 Information text and use and dosing instruction The information text on the packaging must compy with the reguation 648/2004/EC and 907/2006/EC on detergents. Cear user instruction as to use of the product. Cear instruction regarding area of appication If the product requires diution before use, the recommended dose at a norma eve of soiing/norma use must be stated ceary on the packaging. In the case of consumer products, for exampe, the dose may be shown as x number of m equivaent to y capsfu per z number itres of water. In the case of products intended for use by professiona users, the dose may be specified as, for exampe, x number of m equivaent to y strokes of the pump or number of ines on the dosing equipment per z itres of water. The information sheet or technica datasheet must state the recommended dispensing device (e.g. pump, graduated cyinder, pipette or simiar). ( Labe, draft of the abe or copy of the information (information text and user instructions) on the primary packaging and/or technica product data sheet (if there is one). The information on the abe and/or product data sheet sha be provided in the oca anguage. 4 Quaity and reguatory requirements To ensure that rdic Ecoabeing requirements are fufied, the foowing procedures must be impemented. If the environmenta management system of the ceaning product manufacturer is certified to ISO or EMAS, where the foowing procedures are appied, it is sufficient if the accredited auditor certifies that the requirements are impemented. R22 Laws and reguations The icence hoder must ensure that the appicabe provisions governing safety, the working environment, environmenta egisation and pantspecific conditions/icences are observed at a pants producing the rdic Ecoabeed products and for a rdic Ecoabeed products. documentation is required, but rdic Ecoabeing may revoke the icence if the requirement is not fufied. R23 Responsibiity for the rdic Ecoabe requirements The company sha appoint a contact person responsibe for ensuring the fufiment of rdic Ecoabe requirements. ( A chart of the company s organizationa structure detaiing the responsibe contacts. R24 Documentation The icensee must be abe to present a copy of the appication and factua and cacuation data supporting the documents submitted on appication (incuding test reports, documents from suppiers and such ike). On-site inspection. rdic Ecoabeing of ceaning products (23)

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