1 Presented by Eng. Reda Abdel Azim Chief Engineer for Solar Thermal Energy & Energy Conservation NREA June 2012
2 Content New and Renewable Energy Authority National Strategy up to year 2020 Achievements in the field of Wind Energy Achievements in the field of Solar Energy
3 ORGANIZATION CHART OF MINISTRY OF ELECTRICITY & ENERGY Egyptian Electricity Holding Company Nuclear Materials Authority Rural Electrification Authority Nuclear Power Plants Authority Hydro Power Projects Execution Authority Atomic Energy Authority New & Renewable Energy Authority
4 NREA was established in (1986) Institutional framework NREA acts as a national focal point to develop and introduce renewable energy technologies to Egypt on a commercial scale together with implementation of related energy conservation programs Targets to: Satisfying 20% of the total generated electricity from REs by year 2020, including; 12% from wind energy, i.e., more than 7200 Mw 600 Mw/year 8% from hydro, Solar (CSP & PV), and others,
5 Achievements in the field of Wind Energy Wind Resource Assessment: Egypt Wind Map, 1987 Wind Atlas of Gulf of Suez, Wind Atlas of Egypt, 2005 Large Scale Wind Farms: Egypt enjoys excellent wind regimes, particularly in the Suez Gulf where the average wind speed reaches 10.5 m/sec. The wind energy resource is available in large regions on the Nile banks in the Eastern and Western Deserts and parts of Sinai. Projects in Operation 550 Mw Wind Farms in cooperation with Germany, enmark, Spain and Japan. Projects on the Track 200 Mw, Wind Farm in cooperation with KfW, EC & EIB 220 Mw, Wind Farm in cooperation with Japan 120 Mw, Wind Farm with Spain. Projects Under Preparation 180 Mw, Wind Farms ( MW), in cooperation with Spain. 200 Mw, Wind Farm in cooperation with Japan (on the Nile Western Bank). 120 Mw, Wind Farm by the private sector ( Italgen).
7 Achievements in the field of Solar Energy Solar Resource Assessment: Solar Atlas was issued in year 1999, confirming that Egypt is considered as one of the sun belt countries & is endowed with high potentials of solar Energy. The DNI intensity ranges between kwh/m 2 /year from North to South. The average annual direct normal solar radiation reaches ( ) kwh/m 2 /year. The sun shine duration ranges between 9-11 h/day from North to South, with very few cloudy days. The average annual global radiation varies between ( ) kwh/m2/year.
8 Achievements in the field of PV Solar Energy Atotalof6MWof PV systems are already installed and used in the different applications : Telecommunications, Road s lighting, Advertising boards, Remote desert small loads. 7 local assembling companies are involved in the market. A project to electrify 2 remote settlements in Matrouh Governorate in cooperation with the Italian Ministry of Environment, is currently in successful operation since end of Egyptian National 5 year plan ( ) includes: 20 MW PV projects connected to the grid in cooperation with JICA in Hurghada. 20 MW PV projects connected to the grid in cooperation with AFD & EU, in Kom Ombo.
9 Solar Thermal Energy Applications More than 750,000 m 2 of domestic solar water heating systems have been installed since the 1980s, when the technology was first introduced to the local market by the Ministry of Electricity & Energy. Currently, there are 20 local companies for solar water heaters competing in the Egyptian market. Three Solar Industrial Process Heat (SIPH) Pilot projects have been implemented in food, textile and pharmaceutical sectors. A project for dissemination of solar water heaters in hotels and resorts in Red Sea & South of Sinai governorates is currently executing, in cooperation with the UNEP and Italian Ministry for Environment, Land & Sea.
10 Solar Thermal Electricity Generation 140 MW Solar thermal power plant The 1st CSP plant is 140 MW including solar field of 20 MWe based on parabolic trough technology. The total investment is about $US 340 mio. The two contracts of CC & solar island were signed with Iberdrola Company & Orascom Company in year The project has been operational since July Summary of Technical Parameters Capacity of solar portion (MWe) Nameplate capacity of gas turbine (MWe) Nameplate capacity of steam turbine (MWe) Net electric energy (GWhe/a) Solar electric energy (GWhe/a) Solar share(%) Fuel saving due to the solar portion (T.O.E / a) CO 2 reduction (T/a) %
11 On going Activities NREA plan up to 2017 includes carrying out 100 MW CSP project. A study of EMPower program recommended to select Kom Ompo site to host 100 MW grid connected CSP project. The world Bank allocated loan of US$ 100 million through Clean Technology Fund (CTF) to finance this project. The world Bank & African Development Bank agreed, in principle, to support the Government of Egypt in financing this project by allocating loans of US$ 170 million each. The Feasibility Study (under preparation) :- Lahmayer International has been selected by KfW to perform the FS for the project.
12 Solar Water Heating Systems History and Background In 1980, in order to introduce the technology to the Egyptian market, the Ministry of Electricity & Energy imported 1000 DSWH systems, using flat-plate collector technology. In the same year, the first private sector local manufacturing was started. Since then DSWH systems are manufactured locally. Currently about 750,000 m 2 installed in Egypt. are Distribution of Solar Water Heating Systems
13 Solar Thermal Applications in Egypt Solar Thermal is being developed in Egypt mainly for three applications Domestic Solar Water Heating Solar Industrial Process Heat Solar Electricity Generation Systems Houses Apartment buildings, Hospitals, Clinics centers, Clubs, Youth centers Hotels, Resorts, Student homes youth homes, Retirement homes, Camps
14 The Solar Water Heating System Facility for the Red Sea and South Sinai Hotels "EGYSOL" OBJECTI VES The Solar Water Heating Subsidy Facility intends to promote collective solar water heating installations in hotels and resorts in the Red Sea and South Sinai governorates
15 MAI N PARTENERS United Nations Environment Programme UNEP I talian Ministry for the Environment, land and sea IMELS New and Renew able Energy Authority NREA Tourism Development Authority TDA
16 Beneficiaries Hotels and resorts, leisure industry Clinics, hospitals Sport and wellness centres Restaurants Service Providers Companies working in the fields of : Solar thermal systems design Solar thermal systems supply Solar thermal systems installation Solar thermal systems maintenance & operation
17 FACI LI TY BUDJET Total budget available = USD 500,000 entirely donated by the I talian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea through the UNEP MED-REP Trust Funds The budget will subsidy : 25 % of Solar system capital cost 4 USD / m2/ yr maintenance cost (first 2 years of operation) 3 USD / m2/ yr maintenance cost (second 2 years of operation) Capital & maintenance subsidies will be granted until availability of funds, on a first-come first served basis
18 TECHNI CAL SPECI FI CATI ONS of SOLAR WATER HEATING SYSTEMS Solar collectors must be tested according to: ISO standard :1994 and :1995 by a qualified certified laboratory Solar systems must be tested according to :ISO standard ISO :1995 by a qualified certified laboratory Solar collectors complying with: Standard EN :2006 and tested (by an accredited laboratory) according to: Standard EN :2006 For Factory made systems: EN :2006 and EN :2006 do apply A Solar Key-Mark certification can be an alternative to the a/m.
19 Current situation of Egysol project 12 Hotel have been implemented solar water heater system The total Area about 1300 m 2 About 25% from the budget of the project ( US$)
20 Solar Thermal Applications in Egypt Solar Thermal is being developed in Egypt mainly for three applications Domestic Solar Water Heating Solar Industrial Process Heat Food Industry (Poultry) Solar Electricity Generation Systems Textile Industry 350 m2 of flat plat collectors (Misr-Helwan Textile) 350 m2 of flat plat collectors 26 m3/day of hot water at C 26 m3/day of hot water at C Chemical Industry (Bakeen for Paints) (El Nasr Pharmaceutical) 40 m2 of flat plat collectors 3 m3/day of hot water at C 1900 m2 Parabolic Trough 1.5 Ton/h Saturated Steam at 175 & 8 bar
21 Solar Thermal Applications in Egypt Solar Thermal is being developed in Egypt mainly for three applications Domestic Solar Water Heating Solar Industrial Process Heat Solar Electricity Generation Systems Kuraymat 140 Mw 130,400 m2 Parabolic Trough Total Electricity Generation===== 850 Gwh/a Solar Generation==========-=== 34 Gwh/a Integrated Solar Combined Cycle Power Plant)
22 Suppliers of (DSWHS) 20 local companies are now working in the field of manufacturing of Solar Water Heating Most of them started in the 80s decade and owned by private sector. 20 Companies Vacuum Tubular Collectors 5 15 Flat Plate Collector Importing Local Manufacturing
23 Suppliers of (DSWHS) Companies Names LM/ Imp 1 Egyptian Solar Energy Systems Company (ESESC) LM 2 MISR America Group For Investments LM 3 Arab Organization for Industrialization (A.O.I) LM 4 Engineering Services for Solar Energy. LM 5 Solar Energy & Environment Technology (SE) LM 6 Al-Ahmady Solar Energy LM 7 Cairo Co. for Light Industries (Olympic Electric). LM 8 Standard Industrial Co. (NOVA) Imp 9 SunPower Company Imp 10 El-Asraa for Solar Energy LM 11 Banha for Electronic industries LM 12 National Co. for Trading & Industrial Services (GMC) LM 13 United Co for Light Industries LM 14 International Solar Energy Technology LM LM = local Manufacturing Imp= Imported
24 Solar Water Heating Systems Individual domestic Solar water heaters. Open loop thermo-siphon type (without heat exchanger). The storage tank is either in a vertical or an horizontal position, separated from the collectors. Solar Radiation Cold Water In Hot Water Hot water Out The typical size of DSWH Systems is 150 litters tank + about 2 m 2 collector, with an electric back-up heating element of 2 kw Solar Collectors Cold Water
25 Solar Water Heating Systems Solar Collectors (Flat Plate Collector) Components Types No. of Companies Absorber Fins, clipped or fastened on to pipes Fins, (Copper / Steel / Aluminium) Header and Riser Pipes (Copper) 12 Two zigzag sheets pint or welded together to produce paths. Copper or Aluminum sheets Galvanized or Stainless Steel 1 1 Two sheets compressed on pipes Anodized Aluminum sheets Pipes (Copper) 1
26 Solar Water Heating Systems Solar Collectors (Flat Plate Collector) Components Types No. of Companies Absorber paint Casing Transparent cover Back site insulation Back site Casing Black paint Electrostatic nickel chrome Selective Coating Anodized Aluminum Galvanized steel Tempered flat glass Normal flat glass Polyurethane Glass wool Galvanized steel Galvanized steel or Aluminum Aluminum fiber
27 Solar Water Heating Systems Prices The average cost of Common Domestic Solar Water Heating Systems 150 lit/day reaches about 4,200 LE (400 EURO), this is consist of: Collector (area 2 m 2 ) - absorber (Aluminum Plate) - header and riser (Copper) - Cover (Tempered Glass) - Insulation (wool glass) - Envelope (aluminum casing). Tank (150 lit) - Internal & external Tank (Galvanized Steel) - insulation (injection polyurethane) - Auxiliary Electric Heater (2 kw). Breakdown of cost Item Material: (Collector, Tank, accessories, and Insulation ) Labor Transportation & Installation Profit Sales taxes Price variation depend on the following parameters: Absorber material (Copper - Aluminum - Galvanized Steel - etc) Tank (stainless steel - Galvanized Steel - Coated black steel etc) %
28 Institutions (Quality and Functional of Products ) Egyptian Organization & Quality Control (EOS). It is responsible for the standardisation & Quality Control for the entire industrial element in Egypt (raw material, equipment, instrument, industrial process and final product). The organisation issues documents for standardisation & quality control for the Solar Heater in five parts: Part 1 Technical definition Part 2 Solar Heating System Part 3 Components of Solar Flat plate collector Part 4 Thermal Storage Tank Part 5 Method of testing to determine the thermal performance.
29 Institutions (Development Performance Tests and Certification) Solar Thermal Energy Lab. In NREA The lab. was established in 1992 with joint financing of Egypt and European Communities for testing and endorsing certificate of components Domestic Solar Water Heater System. Outdoor Solar Thermal Low & Medium Temperature facilities Solar water collector efficiency test facility (Low & Medium Temperature). Solar air collector efficiency test facility. Solar water collector pressure drop & static pressure test facility Dry stagnation & thermal shock (internal & external) test facility Rain test facility Weathering test facility Hot water storage tank test facility Complete system test facility
30 Institutions (Development Performance Tests and Certification) Outdoor Solar Thermal Low & Medium Temperature facilities
31 SOLAR THERMAL LABORATORIES
32 Solar Thermal Testing Facility Collector Tests - Efficiency Tests of different types of collectors. Pressure Tests (static pressure - Pressure drop test). Environmental Tests (External & internal shock test -Rain test). Hot Water Storage Tank Tests Night loss test. Draw off temperature profiles. Complete System Test Complete System testing performance. Determination of Solar fraction coefficient.
33 Solar Thermal Testing Facility According to ASHRAE 93/86 Testing Procedures Recommendation European Egyptian Standards 1634/ / /94 Currently, ES: /2007, comply with ISO /1994 for Collectors ES: 6302/2007, comply with ISO /1995 for DWHS
34 EFFECIENCY TEST FACILITIS
35 PRESSURE TESTS
36 DURABILITY TESTS
37 STORAGE TANKS TESTS NIGHT LOSS TEST STORAGE DISCHARGE TEST
38 COMPLETE SYSTEM TEST FACILITIES EREDO SOLAR THERMAL TEST FACILITIES SOLAR FRACTION TEST 700 KWH SOLAR FRACTION= % SOLAR FRACTION % JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUL JUN MONTHS AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC 0 REQ.LOAD OUT PUT S.F.
39 CALIBRATION TESTS
40 Solar Energy long Term Plan The NREA programme for the development of solar thermal applications aims at a total number of 1 million m2 of collectors to be installed by the year This programme took into consideration mainly the state housing schemes, the expansion of tourist facilities and water heating process for industry. Considering the above, the average annual market should be m2/y. The current annual sales of m2 will be increased with annual growth rate about 15% - 20% up to year 2020
41 Domestic Solar Water Heating system (DSWHS) Barriers The high initial cost of the DSWHS due to that the customers have to pay the price of the system as one payment. The DSWHS have no subsidy, while to the domestic water heater electrical and gas have national subsidy. Lack of customer awareness about the DSWHS advantages The poor quality of some systems produced by some companies. NO obligatory legislation for quality certification of manufacturing the DSWHS. Most of the companies are located in the capital city (Cairo) and they are responsible for design, manufacturing, assembling, marketing and installation of the systems in additions, after sell service. This led to the high initial cost of the DSWHS and maintenance due to long distance between the companies and the customers in other towons far from Cairo.
43 Recommendations The introduction into the Egyptian market of a new technology such as this within the framework of European cooperation has as one of its objectives not only the unification of quality level criteria regarding the application of RES in the Mediterranean basin but also the promotion of technological interchange. In order to do this, the adoption of an interchange methodology would require an initial phase of preparation, studies such as the present one and implementation of the said studies through suitable technology. A terminal phase would include a technical capacity control, the balance of the experience and a final evaluation to get the necessary judgement so as to be able to carry out a follow up, thus achieving guarantees and maintenance of transfer technology.
44 Recommendations Short term To promote the training of technicians for the installation and maintenance of the systems. To promote a policy of awareness and divulgence of the benefits of hot water consumption coming from active solar systems, which would allow local community to choose that technology. To set up pilot European cooperation promotion programmes, in order to remove the barriers in the Egyptian market. To boost the diversification of companies in charge of production, installation and maintenance in order to guarantee the quality of the services rendered. To carry out consumer sector studies in each city so as to identify potential market niches. To seek the financing systems oriented to helping the creation of innovative industries in the solar thermal water heating area with the contribution of capitals from own funding and the availability of expertise (market studies, financial management, organisation,...).
45 o Recommendations Long term: To look for legislative support for the implementation of measures which would open up the market. To encourage the creation of a network of associations of manufacturers, small enterprises, importers and consumers related to the chamber of commerce and industry of each city. To promote a strategy in order to achieve a technical code based performance, introducing a norm that would regulate quality measures in component production, management and distribution as well as unit assembly.
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