2 Welcome to Lesson B of Story Time for Italian Story Time is a program designed for students who have already taken high school or college courses or students who have completed other language programs. The alphabetical lessons, starting with Lesson A, are meant to be practice for beginners of the Italian Language. If you are familiar with this language, skip over to Lesson 1. Here are the words we will go over in this lesson. Mister Signore Miss Signorina But Ma A little Un po Italian Italiano And E The expression, Very well Molto bene
3 Let s continue building our story about John who is visiting an Italian speaking country. John wants to speak with a woman and says to her, Excuse me ma am Scusi signora If he would have approached a young woman, he would address her as, Miss Signorina Sì gno ri na Signo rina John says, Excuse me miss Scusi signorina Scusi signorina He would like to know if she understands English, he asks, Do you understand? Lei capisce? In Italian, the word you has many forms. We learned the formal word, Lei which is used when speaking to a single person. Normally, this would be used to address strangers, people much older than you, in a professional setting, or in formal situations. The informal word is, Tu. This would normally be used when speaking to friends or acquaintances. We shall go over both forms as you may become friends with an Italian person and they may address you as Tu. But it is important to note that you will come off as extremely rude if you address a stranger as Tu. One last note, using words like, miss mister and ma am is considered formal, therefore you cannot use the Tu form of you Let s go back to the short story. John asks the woman, Do you understand? Lei capisce? The informal version is: Tu capisci? The word, capisci is the conjugation of the verb Capire for the pronoun Tu
4 From now on, when speaking to a single person, we shall use both forms, both the formal and the informal. John says to the young lady, Excuse me Miss Scusi signorina John asks, Do you understand English? Lei capisce l inglese? Tu capisci l inglese? Another reminder, the word Tu would never be used with someone if you address them as, Signore Signorina or Signora We will use both for practice only as it is very likely that someone may address you with Tu John says, Excuse me miss Scusi signorina Do you understand English? Lei capisce l inglese? Tu capisci l inglese? Do you speak English? Lei parla inglese? Tu parli inglese? The word, parli is the conjugation of the verb Parlare for the pronoun Tu Do you speak English? Lei parla inglese? Tu parli inglese?
5 The lady says, Yes, sir Sì, signore Sì si gno re Sì signore Yes sir I understand English Sì signore io capisco l inglese and e e e and I speak English ed io parlo inglese Notice that the word for and E changes to Ed if it comes before a noun that starts with a vowel. I speak and I understand English Io parlo ed io capisco l inglese but ma ma ma but I understand ma io capisco
6 a little un po un po un po but I understand a little ma io capisco un po but I speak a little ma io parlo un po but I understand English a little ma io capisco un po l inglese but I speak English a little ma io parlo un po inglese And you? E Lei? E tu? And you, sir? E Lei, signore? E tu? Do you understand? Lei capisce? Tu capisci?
7 Italian Italiano I ta li a no Ita liano Italiano The lady asks, And you, sir? E lei, signore? E tu? Do you understand Italian? Lei capisce l italiano? Tu capisci l italiano? Remember that in Italian, when referring to a language using certain verbs, you use the definite article. Now the lady asks, Do you speak Italian? Lei parla italiano? Tu parli italiano? And you, sir? E lei, signore? E tu? Do you understand Italian? Lei capisce l italiano? Tu capisci l italiano? Do you speak Italian? Lei parla italiano? Tu parli italiano?
8 John says, Yes miss Sì signorina I understand Italian Io capisco l italiano Very well Molto bene Molto bene Mol to be ne Molto bene I understand Italian very well Io capisco molto bene l italiano Notice the order of words; you literally say, I understand very well the Italian I understand Italian very well Io capisco molto bene l italiano and I speak Italian very well ed io parlo molto bene italiano John says again, Excuse me miss Scusi signorina Do you understand English? Lei capisce l inglese? Tu capisci l inglese? Do you speak English? Lei parla inglese? Tu parli inglese?
9 The lady says, I understand English Io capisco l inglese and I speak English ed io parlo inglese I speak English a little Io parlo un po inglese And you, sir? E Lei, signore? E tu? Do you understand Italian? Lei capisce l italiano? Tu capisci l italiano? Do you speak Italian? Lei parla italiano? Tu parli italiano? John says, Yes miss Sì signorina I understand Italian Io capisco l italiano Very well Molto bene I understand Italian very well Io capisco molto bene l italiano
10 and I speak Italian very well ed io parlo molto bene italiano Very well Molto bene
11 Now it is time to test your understanding. See if you can follow this Italian conversation. Scusi signorina Sì signore? Lei capisce l inglese? Sì, io capisco molto bene l inglese. Lei parla inglese? Sì, ma io parlo un po inglese. E Lei? Lei capisce l italiano? Sì, io capisco molto bene l italiano. Ed io parlo molto bene italiano. That conversation used formal words. Here is the same conversation using informal words. Scusa Sì? Tu capisci l inglese? Sì, io capisco molto bene l inglese. Tu parli inglese? Sì, ma io parlo un po inglese. E tu? Tu capisci l italiano? Sì, io capisco molto bene l italiano. Ed io parlo molto bene italiano.
12 Hopefully this very short conversation was easy to follow. If it wasn t, here is the English translation: Excuse me, miss. Yes, sir? Do you understand English? Yes, I understand English very well. Do you speak English? Yes, but I speak English a little. And you? Do you speak Italian? Yes, I understand Italian very well. And I speak Italian very well.
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