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3 Salve!: Second Edition Carla Larese Riga Editor-in-Chief: PJ Boardman Publisher: Beth Kramer Executive Editor: Lara Semones Development Editor: Christine Cervoni, Camelot Editorial Services Assistant Editor: Patrick Brand Editorial Assistant: Kramer Associate Media Editor: Katie Latour Senior Media Editor: Morgen Murphy Marketing Director: Lindsey Richardson Marketing Coordinator: Janine Enos Marketing Communications Manager: Glenn McGibbon Content Project Manager: Tiffany Kayes Art Director: Linda Jurras Print Buyer: Susan Spencer Senior Rights Acquisition Specialist, Image: Jennifer Meyer Dare Senior Rights Acquisition Specialist, Text: Katie Huha Production Service: PreMediaGlobal Text Designer: Roy Neuhaus Cover Designer: Leonard Massiglia Cover Image: Francesca Benevento Compositor: PreMediaGlobal 2012, 2009 Heinle, Cengage Learning ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping, Web distribution, information networks, or information storage and retrieval systems, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher. For product information and technology assistance, contact us at Cengage Learning Customer & Sales Support, For permission to use material from this text or product, submit all requests online at Further permissions questions can be ed to Library of Congress Control Number: ISBN-13: ISBN-10: Heinle 20 Channel Center Street Boston, MA USA Cengage Learning is a leading provider of customized learning solutions with office locations around the globe, including Singapore, the United Kingdom, Australia, Mexico, Brazil and Japan. Locate your local office at international.cengage.com/region Cengage Learning products are represented in Canada by Nelson Education, Ltd. For your course and learning solutions, visit Purchase any of our products at your local college store or at our preferred online store Instructors: Please visit login.cengage.com and log in to access instructor-specific resources. Printed in the United States of America
4 Licensed to: ichapters User Primo incontro Parole da ricordare 1 Saluti ed espressioni di cortesia 2 In classe 3 I numeri da 0 a 49 4 I giorni della settimana Per finire Il primo giorno di scuola Attualità Courtesy of the Author The Italian Language and Its Dialects Due studentesse s incontrano in un caffè dopo le lezioni Risorse: Internet audio video ilrn.heinle.com
5 Parole da ricordare Saluti ed espressioni di cortesia Brevi incontri e sorprese! Ciao! Hello! Good-bye! Salve! Hello! (more formal than Ciao!) Buon giorno*, signore. Good morning (Good day), Sir. Buona sera*, signora. Good evening, Madam. Buona notte*, signorina. Good night, Miss. Arrivederci. ArrivederLa. Good-bye. (formal sing.) A domani. I ll see you tomorrow. A presto. I ll see you soon. Come si chiama? What is your name? (formal sing.) Come ti chiami? What is your name? (familiar sing.) Mi chiamo Marcello Scotti. My name is Marcello Scotti. (Molto) piacere. (Very) Nice to meet you. Ti presento... (familiar sing.) Piacere mio. My pleasure. Per favore. / Per piacere. Please. Grạzie. Thank you. Grạzie mille. Thanks a million. Prego. You re welcome. / That s quite all right. Scusi. (formal sing.) / Scusa. (familiar sing.) Excuse me. Come sta? (formal sing.) / Come stai? (familiar sing.) How are you? Come va? How s it going? (familiar sing.) Bene, grạzie, e Lei? (formal sing.) / Bene, grạzie, e tu? (familiar sing.) Fine, thank you, and you? Molto bene. Very well. Non c è male. Not bad. Così così. So-so. Let me introduce... to you. Vi presento... (familiar pl.) (lit., I introduce to you... ) Di dove sei tu? (familiar sing.) Where are you from? Di dov è Lei? (formal sing.) Sono di... (name of the city) I am from... *The greetings Buon giorno, Buona sera, and Buona notte can also be spelled as one word: Buongiorno, Buonasera, and Buonanotte. Both forms are acceptable in Italian. NOTE: Tu (you, sing.) is the familiar form used by young people, close friends, family members, and with children. Lei (You, sing.), the formal form, is used in all other cases. 10 Primo incontro
6 Informazioni Saluti Italians tend to be more formal than Americans when greeting and addressing each other. Among adults, acquaintances are addressed as signore, signora, or signorina or by their titles: professore(-ssa), dottore, ingegnere, etc. The greeting Ciao!, which has become so popular abroad, is reserved in Italy only for very close friends, members of the family, relatives, and young people. Salve! is also a common greeting. It is slightly more formal than Ciao! but, like Ciao!, it is used for both Hello! and Good-bye! When meeting either friends or acquaintances, as well as in introductions, Italians customarily shake hands, without distinction between sexes. In classe In un ạula ci sono (In a classroom there are): una lavagna una carta geografica un poster una finestra una penna uno studente una studentessa un dizionario una porta un gesso un computer un CD-ROM una sedia un quaderno una matita un foglio una professoressa un tavolo un libro Il professore: Attenzione! Attention! Ripetete! Repeat! Ancora una volta! Once more! Leggete! Read! Ascoltate! Listen! Guardate! Look! Che cos è? What is it? A pạgina... On page... C ọ mpito per domani (per lunedì) Homework for tomorrow (for Monday) Aprite i libri! Open your books! Capite? Do you (pl.) understand? Gli studenti: (Sì), capisco. (Yes), I understand. (No), non capisco. (No), I don t understand. Ripeta, per favore. Repeat, please. Come si dice... in italiano? How do you say... in Italian? Come si scrive...? How do you write (spell)...? Che cosa vuol dire...? / Che cosa signịfica...? What does... mean? Parole da ricordare 11
7 I nụmeri da 0 a 49 I nụmeri da 0 a 49 0 zero 10 dieci 20 venti 30 trenta 40 quaranta 1 uno 11 ụndici 21 ventuno 31 trentuno 41 quarantuno 2 due 12 dọdici 22 ventidue 32 trentadue 42 quarantadue 3 tre 13 trẹdici 23 ventitrè 33 trentatrè 43 quarantatrè 4 quattro 14 quattọrdici 24 ventiquattro 34 trentaquattro 44 quarantaquattro 5 cinque 15 quịndici 25 venticinque 35 trentacinque 45 quarantacinque 6 sei 16 sẹdici 26 ventisei 36 trentasei 46 quarantasei 7 sette 17 diciassette 27 ventisette 37 trentasette 47 quarantasette 8 otto 18 diciotto 28 ventotto 38 trentotto 48 quarantotto 9 nove 19 diciannove 29 ventinove 39 trentanove 49 quarantanove 1. Note that the numbers venti, trenta, and quaranta drop the final vowel before adding uno and otto. 2. Tre takes an accent when it is added to venti, trenta, and quaranta. I giorni della settimana (The days of the week) Che giorno è oggi? Oggi è martedì. Che giorno è domani? Domani è mercoledì. Applicazione What day is today? Today is Tuesday. What day is tomorrow? Tomorrow is Wednesday. A. Saluti. Complete each dialogue with a classmate, and then act it out. 1. Buon, signore (signora, signorina). Come? Bene,, e Lei?, grạzie. 2., Luisa, come va? Bene, grạzie, e? Non c è, grạzie. 3. Mi chiamo, e tu?. Di dove sei?, e tu?. Io sono studente. Anch io. A domani!! 12 Primo incontro
8 B. Incontri. How would you: 1. greet and introduce yourself to your professor? 2. ask your professor how he/she is? 3. ask another student how he/she is? 4. ask another student what his/her name is? 5. say good-bye to a classmate, adding that you will see him/her soon? C. Presentazioni. Greet and introduce yourself to a student sitting nearby, indicating where you are from. Ask your classmate about himself/herself, and then introduce him/her to the class. D. Che cos è? Point to various objects in the classroom and ask another student to identify them, following the example. Esempio Che cos è? È una sẹdia. E. Situazioni. What would you say in the following situations? 1. You want to ask the meaning of the word benịssimo. 2. You don t understand what your instructor has said. 3. You want to ask how to say You re welcome in Italian. 4. You are not sure how to spell your instructor s name. 5. You would like your instructor to repeat something. F. Giochiamo con i nụmeri. With a classmate, take turns reading aloud each series of numbers and adding the missing number. Esempio 2, 4, 6,... due, quattro, sei,... due, quattro, sei, otto, , 6, 9, , 8, 6, , 3, 5, , 44, 46, , 14, 16, , 40, 39, , 10, 15,... G. I prefissi delle città italiane (Area codes for Italian cities). Look at the table below and take turns with a classmate asking and giving the area codes of some of the cities shown. Esempio Qual è il prefisso di Milano? Il prefisso di Milano è zero due (02). Qual è il prefisso di Nạpoli? Il prefisso di Nạpoli è zero otto uno (081). Qual è il prefisso di...? Città Prefisso Città Prefisso Ancona 071 Gẹnova 010 Bari 080 Milano 02 Bẹrgamo 035 Nạpoli 081 Bologna 051 Pạdova 049 Brẹscia 030 Palermo 091 Parole da ricordare 13
9 finire Per finire Il primo giorno di scuola CD1, Track 9 Oggi. Lezione di inglese. Ecco una conversazione tra uno studente e una studentessa prima della lezione. between before Francesco Francesco Francesco Ciao, io mi chiamo Lạura, e tu? Ciao. Io mi chiamo Francesco. Molto piacere. Piacere mio. Di dove sei? Sono di Como, e tu? Sono di Pavia. La professoressa entra in classe. La professoressa Gli studenti La professoressa Francesco (legge in inglese): La professoressa La professoressa Francesco La professoressa Francesco Buon giorno, ragazzi. Come va? Bene, grạzie, e Lei? Non c è male, grạzie. Ragazzi, aprite i libri a pạgina diciotto. Francesco, leggi, per favore. «Good morning Jennifer, how is it going?» Scusi, signora, non capisco. Che cosa vuol dire «How is it going?» Vuol dire «Come va?» È un espressione formale? No, è un espressione familiare. Per favore, signora, come si dice in inglese «Molto piacere»? Si dice «Nice to meet you». Grạzie. read For more listening practice, you can listen to CD1, Track 10 (Ciao, come stai?) and Track 11 (Buon giorno, come sta?). Alle undici la lezione è finita. Ciao, Francesco, a domani. Francesco Arrivederci, Lạura. Nice to meet you. At eleven o clock Comprensione 1. Che giorno è oggi? 2. È una lezione di matemạtica? 3. Di dov è Lạura? E Francesco? 4. «Come va?» è un espressione formale? 5. Come si dice in italiano «Nice to meet you»? 14 Primo incontro
10 Attualità The Italian Language and Its Dialects The Italian language stems directly from Latin. As the authority of ancient Rome fragmented, its language, Latin, also broke apart and formed several national European idioms. In the same way, numerous linguistic varieties, or dialects, took form within the Italian peninsula. They were the expressions of different centers of civilization within the larger Italian world. The dialect of Tuscany was assured linguistic supremacy by the political importance and geographic position of its principal city, Florence, and above all by the authority of the thirteenthcentury Tuscan writers Dante, Petrarca, and Boccaccio. Each of these men wrote works of major literary significance in their native Tuscan dialect. Eventually, the Tuscan dialect became recognized as the official Italian language. For many centuries, however, the Italian language remained an exclusively literary mode of expression, used only by learned people. The different dialects continued to be spoken, a situation favored by the historical and political fragmentation of Italy, which remained divided into many separate city-states until the second half of the nineteenth century. The local dialect was often the official language of the court of that particular city-state. This was the case in Venice, a republic renowned for the skill of its diplomats. The eighteenth-century playwright Carlo Goldoni, who has been called by critics the Italian Molière, wrote many of his plays in Venetian. For example, in his dialect we find the word schiao, meaning your servant, which is derived from the Latin word for slave, esclavum. This is the origin of the international greeting ciao. Today Italy has achieved political as well as linguistic unity, and with few exceptions everyone speaks Italian. The dialects, however, remain very much alive. Indeed, most Italians may be considered bilingual because, in addition to speaking Italian, they also speak or at least understand the dialect of their own region or city. The Italian language has a much more limited vocabulary than the English language. For example, the word signore is translated as sir, mister, gentleman, and lord. Similarly, the word signora corresponds to lady, madam, and Mrs. The word bello means beautiful and handsome; casa is both house and home. The Italian language itself continues to evolve, reflecting Italians interchange with the world on a global basis and in particular with North America. Many words from English or derived from English have found their way into the everyday language. For example, the following words are common: shopping, fast food, quiz, and hamburger. And you will immediately recognize such new computer-related terms as the following: mouse, cliccare, and formattare. Dante is considered the father of the Italian language and one of the greatest poets of the Western world. His major work is la Divina Commẹdia. Ken Welsh / Alamy Attualità 15
11 Vocabolario Nomi la classe il giorno l inglese (m.) l italiano la lezione il professore/ la professoressa il ragazzo/ la ragazza la scuola la settimana lo studente/ la studentessa class day English (language) Italian (language) lesson professor boy/girl school week student Altre Espressioni benịssimo che con di, d domani oggi perché very well what with of, from tomorrow today why, because Aggettivi primo first 16 Primo incontro
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