Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 01: Exploration and Colonization

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1 Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 01: Exploration and Colonization I. Signing of the Mayflower Compact II. Founding of Jamestown III. Establishment of The Virginia House of Burgesses IV. Writing of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Place the Founding Documents in the correct sequence chronologically. A. IV, II, I, III B. II, I, III, IV C. II, III, I, IV D. III, II, IV, I 2. Which of the following events occurred in 1607? F. founding of Roanoke Colony G. founding of Jamestown H. founding of Rhode Island J. founding of Pennsylvania 3. Maryland was to Catholics as Pennsylvania was to A. Anglicans B. Quakers C. Puritans D. Mormons 4. All of the following were reasons that representative government developed in the colonies EXCEPT F. familiarity with parliamentary system G. temporary step until a monarchy could be established H. long distance from British system J. isolation of the communities 5. Which of the following colonial regions had the best soil and climate for large-scale agriculture? A. West Indian colonies B. New England colonies C. Middle colonies D. Southern colonies

2 6. Many Puritans settled within which of the British colonies in North America? F. Middle colonies G. New England colonies H. Southern colonies J. Western territories 7. Why was slavery so important to the Southern colonies in the colonial era? A. Slaves gave Southern colonies the population numbers to have control of Congress. B. Slavery provided labor for the developing textile industries in the Southern colonies. C. The economy was agrarian, and slaves kept the plantation system profitable. D. The Southern colonial economy became wealthy from slave-trading with Africa. 8. Which statement BEST explains the population distribution shown on the map above. F. The Chesapeake Bay attracted farmers because of the fertile soil. G. The Southern colonies had too many forests. H. The Appalachian Mountains acted as a barrier to Western settlement. J. The New England colonies had the most water resources. 9. Which of the following is located at #1 on the map? A. Boston B. Philadelphia C. New York City D. Jamestown 10. Which of the following is located at #2 on the map? F. Boston G. Philadelphia H. New York City J. Jamestown

3 11. Which of the following is located at #4 on the map? A. Boston B. Philadelphia C. New York City D. Jamestown 12. Which of the following completes the graphic organizer? F. Famine in England G. Religious Freedom H. Slavery J. Exploit Indian Labor 13. Which BEST completes the diagram for Roman numerals I and II? A. I. Virginia II. Rhode Island B. I. Pennsylvania II. Virginia C. I. Rhode Island II. Pennsylvania D. I. Georgia II. Pennsylvania 14. Why is the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut important to the development of democracy in the English colonies? F. It set the precedent for the idea of judicial review for laws from Congress. G. It established the first legislature in the colonies, the House of Burgesses. H. It was a social contract requiring settlers to sign a loyalty oath to Britain. J. It was a written constitution and is considered the first in the colonies. 15. What was the role of religion and virtue in the growth of representative government? A. Religious groups were the first to establish self-governing communities. B. Different religious groups worked together in a community government. C. Religion and virtue were required before a citizen could vote. D. Only members in the established religion of an area determined the laws.

4 16. How were both slaves and free blacks alike in the political world of Colonial America? F. They were considered property. G. They both earned low wages. H. Neither was allowed to have the power of the vote. J. Neither was viewed outside the American identity. 17. Which of the following is a characteristic of the Virginia House of Burgesses that contributed to the growth of representative government? A. Members were chosen by the governor. B. Representatives were elected by the people. C. The governor had no power in its decisions. D. It had 435 members. 18. Which of the following explains the colonization and rapid development of North Carolina, New Jersey, Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts Bay colonies? F. They were located on the coast. G. They were all developed for religious reasons. H. They were all located in New England. J. They were all established by Englishmen. 19. : ports and rivers :: : fertile soils A. lower population densities, higher population densities B. Middle colonies, New England colonies C. Southern colonies, New England colonies D. higher population densities, lower population densities 20. Why were the French interested in the Mississippi River and access to the Great Lakes? F. They found no eastern coast land available. G. They were mainly fur trappers and traders. H. They believed that gold was located there. J. They were farmers who wanted the rich lands. 21. Which of the following is a true statement about the transatlantic slave trade? A. It began when cotton became a cash crop in the United States.

5 B. It began when plantations in the West Indies needed labor. C. It began because few people worked on Southern plantations. D. It preceded indentured servants on Southern plantations. 22. What was the primary cause of economic differences among the colonies in North America? F. religion G. nationality H. geography J. tradition 23. Which group settled in New York primarily for economic gains? A. Spanish B. French C. Dutch D. German 24. If William Penn believed in a government limited by the law, which of his actions below supported this belief? F. He wrote Pennsylvania's first constitution. G. He granted colonists the right to elect representatives to legislative assembly. H. He allowed the Three Lower Counties to form own legislature. J. He supported a union of the colonies. 25. Who greatly helped John Smith and the colonists survive in the difficult Virginia climate? A. Virginia Dare B. Anne Hutchinson C. Powhatan Indians D. Pocahontas 26. Which of the following is considered a major historical era in American history? F. Representative Government G. Religion and Rights H. Mercantilism J. Exploration and Colonization

6 27. Using the map and chart above, which area received the largest percentage of African slaves? A. North America B. South America C. Brazil D. Caribbean colonies 28. Which statement is true based on the map and chart? F. Most slaves were taken to North America. G. Most slaves were taken to Central and South America. H. Slaves from Brazil were taken to Africa. J. Most slaves were taken from Northern Africa. 29. According to the chart, in which decade did Colonial America's population grow the most? A B C D What prediction can be supported from the trend in the data? F. The population totals peaked in less than a century, likely as colonists began to go back to England. G. The population of the colonies will continue to grow, likely westward, as more and more people come to the colonies. H. The population of the colonies will become less and less diverse as more and more people continue to come to America. J. The colonies were densely populated by Which of the following BEST completes the table above? A. lumber B. ships

7 C. rice D. shipbuilding 32. At the time of the American Revolution, colonists viewed American Indians as unique peoples, and they viewed Indian tribal nations as distinct nations. Both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States reflected this belief. One of the first acts of the Continental Congress was the creation in 1775 of three departments of Indian affairs: northern, central, and southern. Among the first departmental commissioners were Benjamin Franklin and Patrick Henry. Their job was to negotiate treaties with Indian nations to obtain their neutrality in the coming revolutionary war. Among the first treaties presented to the Senate by George Washington in August 1789 dealt with U.S. relations with various American Indian tribes. Adapted from New American Nation Using the reading above, how do these early leaders differ from later leaders in resolving possible conflicts with American Indians? F. Early leaders respected the rights and territorial lands of American Indian tribes in treaties. G. Early leaders refused to negotiate with American Indian tribes. H. Early leaders felt American Indian tribal lands belonged to the colonists and removed them. J. Early leaders respected American Indians, but sent military forces to seize lands. 33. In a well-written essay, explain reasons for the development of the transatlantic slave trade, and the spread of slavery. Describe the economic benefits of it, as well as the intended and unintended social and political consequences of it. Be sure to use correct social studies terminology and grammar.

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