1 Progress in the installation of large scale artificial reefs in Thailand Amnaj Siripech Department of Fisheries. Thailand.
2 1. Introduction Thailand is in the middle of mainland Southeast Asia, between 5-20 N and E. Area: 514,000 km 2 76 Provinces. Gulf of Thailand Andaman Sea Gulf of Thailand, coastline 2,700 km (1,143 miles) Andaman Sea 865 km (537 miles)
3 2. An overview of Thai marine fisheries. Fisheries management in Thailand has started since B.E (1901) : to collect taxes and tariffs and to ensure the steady contribution of fish supply for it national consumption as well as export. An open access resources. At the 1 st National Economics and Social Development plan ( ) Thailand incorporated with the Federal Republic of German on otter board trawling of demersal resources.
4 The marine production in 1966 increased 88% from the year 1962 and to 90 % in In 2006 Thailand s total fish production was reported to be 4.0 million tones: 61.1 % by volume from marine capture, 5.3 % from inland capture, 33.6 % is from inland and coastal aquaculture. Thailand has been recognized a world leader in fisheries; it has been ranked in the top ten countries since 1972 (some 40 years ago) in terms of fisheries production.
5 Quantity(1,000 Tonnes) 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1, Total (Marine) (Inland) (Coastal aquaculture) (Freshwater Culture) 0 Fisheries production of Thailand,
6 No less than 150 different kinds of fishing gears used by Thai fishermen In 2007 landings of marine fisheries, 2.08 million tons. only 58% of catch from the territorial waters 42% by distant fishing fleets (beyond the EEZ) Their species composition was as follows: 56.0% of food fish; 28.1% trash fish, 6.4%, cephalopods, 3.4% shrimps, 1.8% crabs, 2.0% mollusks, and other.
8 Most of present Thai fishers do not want to see their children pursue fishing as an occupation: hard work, uncertain income and lowliness.
9 The percentage of younger fisher folks (younger than 30 years old) was reduced drastically from 32.5% in 1995 to 24.3% in The 2000 inter-censual survey on marine fisheries enumerated 168,140 fisher folks, 48.1% of which were members of the fishing families, and the rest 51.9% were employees. the increase in number of employees was made up by foreign workers.
10 3. The resent marine fisheries problem Because of the rapid extension and development of marine capture fisheries without proper controls, Thailand has faced problems since The main problems causing the overexploitation : 1. The excessive fishing efforts because of open access and easy entry. 2. High percentage of young small sized economic fish in the catch of trash fish. 3. Illegal trawling within the closed areas of 3 km from shoreline resulted in the damaging the nursery grounds of juvenile and young economic fish.
11 4. Resources and fishing grounds in the Thai territorial water are limited due to the EEZs enforcement of neighboring countries. 5. Several Ministerial regulations of push netters and other gears are not update, clear and difficult to implement. 6. The fishing outside Thai water is limited due to the strong enforcement of the neighboring countries.
12 4. Guidelines and measures of the policy for rehabilitation and management 4.1 The protection and awareness of marine pollution and marine environment research project. The project emphasized on the routine inspection of the water qualities and awareness of marine pollution in the coastal water, shrimp farm, industrial area and the fishing ground especially the short necked clam fishing ground.
13 4.2 The improvement and conservation of marine fisheries project. 1) To ban push net: protect young economic fish and other. 2) To control new entry of fishing boat: no permission of new building, especially trawlers and purse seines. 3) To enlarge cod end mesh sizes of fishing gear.
14 4) To limit the capacity of dynamos: not bigger than 5 kw, since the light luring is more effective when using higher intensity.
15 5) To strengthen the exhaustive enforcement within the areas of 3 kilometers from shoreline. 6) To promote deep sea fisheries as well as tuna fishery in the coastal area of the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea which the total production will increase to supply domestic consumption and exporting to foreign countries.
16 4.3 The artificial reef installation project (Ars) Background The DOF has constructed and developed the artificial reefs in Thailand since The development of artificial reefs installation has 4 periods. 1) The experiment during ) Installation for small scale fisheries development during ) Installation for enhance the fertility of the aquatic animals during ) Installation for enhance the fishing grounds since 2007
17 The materials for constructing the artificial reefs a) Tire b) Concrete pipe c) Concrete block d) Dice block e) Train cabin f) Automobile g) Tank
18 4.3.2 Development of materials for construction 35 years: 554 artificial reefs consisting of 517,313 pieces. at depths of m. almost at 5-10 meters, located at km from the shoreline. The budget was 1,561 million Baht.
19 Trend of construction design 1) Shape of artificial reef is higher. 2) Site selection locates more far from the shoreline. 3) Using a larger module 4) Deeper water level.
20 Development of Materials for In 1978 In 2011 Artificial reefs installation Tire Concrete pipe Concrete block Dice block Tank Automobile Train cabin Materials size more bigger than the past
21 4.3.3 Biodiversity on artificial reef. 1) The diversity of plankton 91 species, phytoplankton 71 species and zooplankton20 species.
22 2) The sessile organisms gastropod and bivalves 61 genus, 200 species other aquatic animal 63 species (amphipod, sea anemone, polychaete, sea urchin, sea cucumber, barnacle, shrimp, crab and etc.) 14 species of seaweeds.
23 3) Fish larvae Before the construction found 32 families, later for 2 months found 37 families, almost were Carangidae, Sillaginidae, and clupiidae.
24 5) The catch rate Catch rate of small scale fishing gears were increased 1-5 times: Crab gill net (1 time) Trammel net (1.3 time) Hook and lines (1.3 time) Mackerel gill net (1.5 time) Whiting Sillago gill net (5 time) Incase no control of number of fishing gear and fishing boat the catch rate was decreased during 4-8 years.
25 4) Fish assemblages after 5 years old of artificial reef were found 54 families, 111 genus, 182 species. Almost were Carangidae (19 species), Lutjanidae (11 species) and Serranidae (10 species). Train cabin area found 39 families, 112 species. Concrete pipe area found 23 families, 50 species. Concrete cubic area found 46 families, 129 species. Tire area found 40 families, 117 species. Tank area found 35 families, 88 species.
26 The artificial reefs installation project would be a long term engagement, which is expected to play a key role in future fisheries development in Thailand.
27 4.3.4 Process to construct the artificial reef Siting artificial reef in Thai waters requires a permit from the Thai Navy and Harbor department. Other 48 agencies: constructing 259 artificial reef projects. Some agencies Such as Local community administration organization, bank, province, Thai Navy, Thai Air force, Ministry of natural resources and environment and etc. Necessary for all agencies follow the same step for artificial reef construction.
28 The process of artificial reefs construction 1) Site selection 2) Public hearing or meeting in the fishing communities 3) Reef design. 4) Submit to DOF, Harbor department and Thai Navy. 5) Building the module 6) To promote the project to the stakeholders 7) Installation in the sea 8) Monitoring and report
29 4.3.5 Future of large scale artificial reef installation. 334 offshore platforms in the Gulf of Thailand. Many of these mechanical structures have nearly reached the end of their economic production in 5 years, but the government organization lack of important data on ecological, economic factors and others from field studies that need for understanding on the rigs -to-reefs. Two questions that require the answer: 1 What are the biological, legal, social, economic, technological and regulatory limits to using oil and gas platforms for artificial reef development in the Gulf of Thailand? 2 What can we do to avoid problems and conflicts with other users of the marine environment?
30 5. Up-coming step for fisheries resources management The drafted version of the new Fisheries Act aims at addressing the past problems. It recognizes the short coming of many measures prescribed by the Fisheries Act of 1947 that were unable to cope with the progress and the advancement of marine fishing and aquaculture. The success of sustainable fisheries management in Thailand will be gainful not only for Thai people but it also for the security and sustainability of food resources for many other people in the World.
31 Balancing between the utilization and economic need of fishing community and recruitment or the producing of the sea at the sustainable level. The success of sustainable fisheries management in Thailand will be gainful not only for Thai people but it also for the security and sustainability of food resources for many other people in the World.
44 MADAGASCAR REPORT MADAGASCAR FISHERIES DATA MANAGEMENT Total production statistics have various sources, particularly from logbook, from activities report, from evaluations and projections. It is 120
SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE NINTH REGULAR SESSION 6-14 August 2013 Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia ANNUAL REPORT TO THE COMMISSION PART 1: INFORMATION ON FISHERIES, RESEARCH, AND STATISTICS WCPFC-SC9-AR/CNM-38
Local Management Practice to Deal with the Effects of Tsunami Disaster in Thai Fishing Communities Wantana Chenkitkosol, Masahiro Yamao, Phattareeya Suanrattanachai Graduate School of Biosphere Science
Aalisarnermut, Piniarnermut Nunalerinermullu Naalakkersuisoqarfik Department of Fisheries, Hunting and Agriculture Finn's speech to NAFMC Climate change in the North Atlantic has become a reality which
THE FISHERIES REQUIREMENTS FOR AREA IN RELATION TO SEISMIC ACTIVITIES THE FISHERIES The fish stocks in the Norwegian sector can be divided into two separate categories: The pelagic species comprise herring,
COUNTRY NOTE ON NATIONAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS -- GERMANY Historical overview 1. There has been an ongoing structural change in the German fleet since the end of World War II. In the 1950s, nearly
BANGLADESH Source: FAO Fishstat dataset: Global Capture Production Bangladesh reports to FAO data on "Sharks, rays, skates, etc. nei" production starting from 2008 with an average of about 4,000 tonnes/year.
NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF MARINE FISHERIES Nicolas MICHELET - CNPMEM Manchester, 13 March 2008 International Programme for the conservation and the restoration of the European Sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) INFORMATION
Food chains Life processes All animals have to carry out seven life processes. These are: 1. Movement being able to move its body 2. Respiration taking in one gas and getting rid of another 3. Reproduction
COUNTRY REPORT ON FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE Hayri DENİZ National Coordinator Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock FAO and EUROFISH Regional Workshop on WTO and Fisheries: An update on WTO and Market
Transforming wasted resources for a sustainable future The sustainable management of bycatch in Latin America and Caribbean trawl fisheries REBYC-II LAC Shrimp trawling and other types of bottom trawling
Rabobank Industry Note #486 - March 2015 Rabobank World Seafood Trade Map 2015 Rabobank Food & Agribusiness Research and Advisory Gorjan Nikolik email@example.com +31 30 71 23825 Lian Heinhuis
Policy Implications in the Management of Kenya s Marine Protected Areas Sam Weru Abstract Coral reefs exist along most of Kenya s coast as coral flats, lagoons, reef platforms and fringing reefs. The total
Improving Selectivity running for a long time now and ongoing A Dutch Flatfish Fisheries Point of View European Parliament Committee on Fisheries 13 April 2015 Pim Visser, chief executive VisNed blad 1
Annual report on balance between fishing capacity and fishing opportunities for 2013 - Croatia pursuant to Article 22 of the Regulation (EU) no 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of
Asia Pacific Fishery Commission Capacity development for improving the knowledge base for fisheries management in South East Asia A regional initiative, implemented locally Capacity development for improving
How can Fisheries Management Solve the Problem of Biological Sustainability? Workshop in Akureyri Iceland 11.-12. October 2007 Niels Vestergaard Department of Environmental and Business Economics Centre
Background The Fisheries Management Plan of St. Lucia enunciates a national objective of managing the fisheries sector in such a way as to allow for the sustainable use of marine resources for the long-term
Getting Involved: Cooperative Program and Grant Opportunities for Fishermen in the South Atlantic Region An Overview Fisheries managers often receive questions from fishermen regarding opportunities to
COUNTRY NOTE ON NATIONAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS -- NORWAY PART I: BACKGROUND Historical overview 1. Throughout history, fishery has been a major industry in Norway. Norway s geographical characteristics,
Responsible stock enhancement, restocking and sea ranching: rational and terminology Devin M. Bartley FAO Rome Ecosystem-based Stock Enhancement Workshop: development of a road map to evaluate the potential
Ecological Roulette: The Global Transport of Nonindigenous Marine Organisms James T. Carlton 1 and Jonathan B. Geller 2 1 Maritime Studies Program, Williams College, Mystic Seaport, Mystic, CT 06355, and
SLI WORKING PAPER 2006:1 Capacity and Efficiency in Swedish Pelagic Fisheries Staffan Waldo The Swedish Institute for Food and Agricultural Economics Capacity and Efficiency in Swedish Pelagic Fisheries
Let s Go Fishing in Narragansett Bay Grades 3-12 You will need copies of Rhode Island State Maps for this activity. Introduction: Thousands of people use Narragansett Bay every day and many of them are
Global Outlook for Shrimp Markets and Demand Felix Dent Fishery Industry Officer Fish Products, Trade & Marketing Branch (FIPM) FAO? What is... Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Established
Purpose v1.0 Page 1 Possible Marine Protected Areas (pmpas) Analysis of possible fisheries management measures The purpose of this paper is to set out possible management measures of the pmpa and provide
Act on Fishing Outside of Icelandic Jurisdiction No. 151, 27 December 1996 Entered into force 30 December 1996. Amended by Act No. 22/1998 (entered into force 29 April 1998), Act No. 82/1998 (entered into
4-H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency Program A Member s Guide OVERVIEW The 4 H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency program helps you learn what you need to know about your 4 H project.
AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 (a) Identify the five-year period during which the greatest rate of decline in the fish harvest took place. For that five-year period, calculate
Internat. Marit. Health, 2006, 57, 1-4 TOOLS FOR IMPROVING SAFETY MANAGEMENT IN THE NORWEGIAN FISHING FLEET OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS ANALYSIS PERIOD OF 1998 2006 HALVARD L.AASJORD 1 ABSTRACT Reporting of
WHAT IS SINTEF? Roar Solbakken 1 Organisation The European Fisheries and Aquaculture Engineering Laboratories at SINTEF Fishing gear engineering Flume tank Hirtshals, Denmark Fish Process Engineering Process
2008/MRCWG/022 Agenda Item: 10 Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Securities Purpose: Information Submitted by: Indonesia 21 st Marine Resource Conservation Working Group
SEDAR 7-DW-23 COMMERCIAL LANDINGS STATISTICS RED SNAPPER IN THE GULF OF MEXICO John Poffenberger 1 I. Introduction Data on the quantity and value of seafood products have been collected in varying forms
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AQUATIC LIVING RESOURCES MANAGEMENT P. Safran Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), Paris, France (Present
PO Box 1390, Skulagata 4 120 Reykjavik, Iceland Final Project 2001 AN ALTERNATIVE DESIGN OF TRAWLS FOR OFFSHORE FISHING IN VIETNAM Tran Duc Luong Nha Trang University of Fisheries Vietnam firstname.lastname@example.org
Baltic Sea Perspective on - Building a Gas Pipeline and - Oil Spills Dr Juha-Markku Leppänen Head of the Monitoring and Assessment Unit, Marine Research Centre, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) Content
NORWAY Introduction This is the Norwegian contribution to the OECD Committee for Fisheries project Fisheries Subsidies and Sustainable Development. The definition currently used by the OECD Committee for
Laws to promote environmental sustainability of oceans and seas Laws regulations and other measures for conservation and sustainable use of living marine resources and biodiversity including those beyond
An Analysis of Shrimp/Turtle II: The WTO Makes Room for Environmental Trade Restrictions Chris Wold, Associate Professor & Randi Black, IELP Law Clerk August 15, 2005 In Shrimp/Turtle I, 1 the WTO s Appellate
Fishery Statistic Data Collection System in Indonesia Sri Dyah Retnowati 1) and Fayakun Satria 2) Introduction As an archipelago country, Indonesia has more than 17.5 thousand islands with five main islands:
!!! Open Ocean Concepts How does fishing equipment affect the amount of fish and bycatch caught in a fishery? How can we change the way we fish to use the ocean better? Standards Addressed HCPS 5. & 5.2
Chinese Norwegian Fishery Symposium August 2008 University of Tromsø. Chinese seafood industry- global challenge and opportunities for Norwegians Knut Bjørn Lindkvist, Department of Geography, University
The Coral Triangle Region, The Coral Triangle Initiative, and the Development of the Six Country Marine Protected Area System Alan White The Nature Conservancy The Coral Triangle Initiative Coral Triangle
Sustainable fisheries: impact assessment Algemene Rekenkamer Postbus 20015 2500 EA Den Haag 1 Beam trawler fishery for plaice and sole Plaice Sole 2 Present situation (2013) 2008 (recommendations) 2013
Participatory Coastal Development Planning Day 3: Coastal Zoning and Management Planning The CRM Cycle Pressures and Threats Identification is also important: remember the causal chain analyses Issue identification
The Importance of Protecting Marine Biodiversity Jeff Hilchey January 12 th, 2003 Earth is a closed system and therefore, all of its life is interdependent, relying upon each other as resources. The more
A sustainable aquaculture industry that provides significant economic and social benefits for the people of the Northern Territory, and Australia. To support and facilitate the continuing development of
6.3.27 (update) Advice November 2014 ECOREGION STOCK North Sea Sole in Subarea IV (North Sea) (updated) Please note: The present advice replaces the advice given for this stock in June 2014. Advice for
National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Science and Technology Fisheries Statistics Division David Van Voorhees, Chief Elizabeth S. Pritchard, Editor Silver Spring, Maryland July 27 Current Fishery
Fish ponds for culture of Nile tilapia, African catfish and African bonytongue, Cameroon There is considerable potential to expand inland aquaculture in Africa to improve food security. To aid aquaculture
BESTTuna Benefiting from Innovations in Sustainable and Equitable Management of Fisheries on Trans boundary Tuna s in the Coral Triangle and Western Pacific Paul A.M. van Zwieten, Simon R. Bush WWFs broken
BAT STAR BAT STAR kelp,, and dead plants kelp,, and dead plants Figure: SGI TG 06.04card BAT STAR Figure: SGI TG 06.04card BAT STAR kelp,, and dead plants kelp,, and dead plants (simple carbon-containing
Marine fishing tourism in Norway Effects on coastal economies and fish stocks 01.11.2011 1 01.11.2011 2 Marine tourism in Norway Active Passive Seal hunting With a commercial fisher Recreational fishing
How Gaspé lobster fishermen produce reliable, timely and accessible data Presented by Jean Côté, Scientific director Donald Walker, former president Conservation Marketing Special projects Licence buyback
SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION WILDLIFE & PROTECTED AREAS Marine Protected Areas Order 2012 S. R. & O. No: 1 of 2012 Made: 23 February 2012 Published: 29 February 2012 Coming into force: on publication IN EXERCISE
Keywords: phyla, brackish, mangroves, seagrasses, International Year of the Ocean Lesson I: Why the Oceans are Important! In this lesson, we will introduce you to the first of our three fall units: Year
Clam Aquaculture Josh Reitsma Cape Cod Cooperative Extension and Woods Hole Sea Grant What are clams? Bivalve molluscs which live within the substrate of a waterbody infaunal animals many species Lifecycle
Appendix A. The Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA) THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 1. Chapter 10.5 (commencing with Section 2850) is added to Division 3 of the Fish and
(Lesson Plans) January - March 2009 (Types of marine life: real facts on sea flora and fauna ) 1 1 and 2 - To express opinions and give account of experiences Methodological skills: (Information handling)
Guysborough County Inshore Fishermen's Association Ph: 902-366-2266/Fax: 902-366-2679 Box 98 990 Union Street Canso, N.S. B0H 1H0 In response to the consultation document, The Future of Canada s Commercial
OIL SPILLS imgkid.com OIL SPILLS An oil spill occurs when liquid petroleum hydrocarbon is released into the environment. The term applies to spills in the ocean or coastal waters, rivers, or on land. Oil
WHAT TO DO IN THE EVENT OF AN ESCAPE OF FISH FROM A FISH FARM Guidance on reporting an escape or suspected escape under Part 4A of the Aquatic Animal Health (Scotland) Regulations 2009 GUIDANCE September
DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR INTERL POLICIES POLICY DEPARTMENT B: STRUCTURAL AND COHESION POLICIES FISHERIES THE LANDING OBLIGATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON THE CONTROL OF FISHERIES STUDY This document was requested
Seagrasses What are seagrasses? Seagrasses are plants that grow underwater but they are not the same as seaweeds (algae). Some species of seagrass look very much like terrestrial (land) grass, with straplike
Information on ecolabelling of shrimp fisheries in Casamance, Senegal félé-félé : 150m drift nets mujas: standing nets at fixed sites Intervenir pour le Développement Ecologique et l Environnement en Casamance
Water Resources and Freshwater Ecosystems-- Oman Middle East Internal Renewable Water Resources (IRWR),1977-2001, in cubic km Oman & North Africa Surface water produced internally 1 374 Groundwater recharge
U.S. Coast Guard America s Maritime Guardian Nov. 2009 A few armed vessels, judiciously stationed at the entrances of our ports, might at a small expense be made useful sentinels of the laws. Alexander
South Atlantic - East Florida - Georgia - North Carolina - South Carolina Regional Summary South Atlantic Management Context The South Atlantic Region is comprised of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
U.S. Support, Challenges and Opportunities Most Diverse Ecological Complexes on Earth Cooperation the Key: Regional Conservation s Amazon Congo Basin Importance of Food Security and Livelihoods 363 million
19 T H A I L A N D Linking Mid-term Rehabilitation to Long-term Sustainability: Baan Tha Klang Fishing Community Co-op Shop GENERAL INFORMATION Country: Thailand Location: Ranong Province, Suksamran District
BUSINESS PLAN NOVA SCOTIA FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE LOAN BOARD TABLE OF CONTENTS Message from the Minister, Associate Deputy Minister and Board.......................3 Mission Statement...4 Corporate Mandate...4
PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN CORAL REHABILITATION AT PHI PHI ISLANDS, KRABI Mid-water coral nursery as a source of coral seedlings to rehabilitate degraded coral reefs Site: Phi Phi Lae Island, in 2006 Marine
hydrocarbons drills in adriatic sea Ilaria Lisa Giangrande Overview Summary Hydrocarbons trouble Overview in Italy the situation the reasons Overview in other countries: Croatia, Slovenia, Greece, Montenegro
22. Assessment of the Octopus Stock Complex in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands M. Elizabeth Conners, Christina Conrath, and Kerim Aydin Alaska Fisheries Science Center November 2015 Executive Summary
Volunteer Internships 2016 The (IFCA) are tasked with the sustainable management of inshore sea fisheries resources in the Dorset, Hampshire and Isle of Wight areas. Southern IFCA is offering an exciting
Marine Biology with PADI Diving Certification A High School Summer Program Copyright 2011 Jeffrey S. Sanow, Sinbad Scuba Ltd Executive Summary The Marine Biology with PADI Diving Certification is a proven
2.1 INTRODUCTION TO MPA NETWORKS Advantages of Networks 2.2 TYPES OF MPA NETWORKS Social Networks Ecological Networks Management-based Networks Case Study: A Regional Approach to MPA Development in West
7 Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem investigation 2 c l a s s se s s i o n s Overview Students create a food web of a kelp forest ecosystem with which they explore the flow of energy between ecosystem organisms.
Mid Atlantic Fishery Management Council 5 Year Strategic Plan 2014 2018 DRAFT 5/31/2013 Table of Contents Table of Contents... 1 Introduction... 2 The Mid Atlantic Fishery Management Council... 2 Rationale
MS Thesis Environment and Natural Resources Optimal Management Policy for the Kenyan Marine Artisanal Fishery Author Simon Wahome Warui Supervisor Professor Ragnar Arnasson Faculty of Economics Graduating
Topic 7: Oceans on the Edge 7.1 How and why are some eco-systems threatened with destruction? How are human activities degrading and destroying marine ecosystems on a global scale? Mangrove removal- over
Fisheries in Crisis and Conflict in the Coral Triangle Reflections on the Live Reef Fish Trade and The Coral Triangle Initiative Charles Barber Environmental Advisor Office of Environment and Science Policy
The benefits of MARINE PROTECTED AREAS The benefits of MARINE PROTECTED AREAS Commonwealth of Australia 2003 ISBN 0 642 54949 4 Information contained in this document may be copied for study, research,
Special Feature 3 Doing Business in Harmony with the Planet Since the Ajinomoto Group s business depends on making the most of nature s blessings, the Group recognizes that biodiversity and natural capital