COUNTRY REPORT ON FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

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1 COUNTRY REPORT ON FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE Hayri DENİZ National Coordinator Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock FAO and EUROFISH Regional Workshop on WTO and Fisheries: An update on WTO and Market Access Issues in Fisheries and Aquaculture 8-10 November 2011, Best Western Plus President Hotel, Beyazıt, Istanbul, TURKEY

2 FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE POTANTIAL Resources Numbers Area (ha) Natural Lakes Dam Lakes Man-made Lakes Seas (total surface) TOTAL Additional, 33 rivers km in length and coastal line km Turkey has 2nd longest coast line in the Mediterranean

3 FISHERIES PRODUCTION IN Year Total Production (mt) Aquaculture (mt) Contribution of Aquaculture (%) ,376 79, ,977 67, ,847 61, ,715 79, ,492 94, , , , , , , , , , ,

4 FISHERIES PRODUCTION TREND IN THE PAST DECADE

5 TURKISH FISHERY BY REGION & SPECIES Name of Fishery Region Main Species Eastern Black Sea Anchovy, Horse mackerel, Bonito, Sprat Pelagic species Trawl Fisheries Highly Migratory Species Western Black Sea Marmara Mediterranean and Aegean 1-Western Black Sea 2- Aegean Mixed 3- Mediterranean Mixed Mediterranean and Aegean Anchovy, Sprat, Bonito, Bluefish, Scad, Chub mackerel, Sardines, Dogfish Anchovy, Bonito, Sprat, Scad, Blue fish, Sardines Sardines, Chub mackerel Whiting, Red mullet, Turbot Tuna Swordfish Artisanal Fisheries (gill net, trammel net, long line, traps) Black Sea, Marmara, Mediterranean and Aegean Mixed (whiting, turbot, red mullet, grey mullet, shrimp, sparids, sole and dab, squids, octopus and cuttlefish, swordfish) Sea snail fisheries (Dredging) Eastern Black Sea Sea of Marmara Sea snail Clam Fisheries (Dredging) Western Black Sea Baby clams Shrimp/Prawn Fisheries Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean Shrimp Lagoon Fisheries Mediterranean, Aegean Sea and Marmara Mixed (Sea bass, sea bream, eel, mullets)

6 COMPOSITION OF MARINE FISHERIES PRODUCTION IN TURKEY Shads nei 1% Striped venus 7% Whiting 3% Others 7% Atlantic bonito 1% Atlantic horse mackerel 2% Bluefish 1% Bogue 1% Mullets nei 1% Mediterranean horse mackerel 5% Deep-water rose shrimp 1% Marine molluscs 3% European sprat 8% European pilchard 4% European anchovy 55%

7 FISHING VESSELS Number of Fishing Vessel and Fisherman Fishing Area Number of Vessel Number of Fisherman Marine Inland TOTAL Distribution of fisheries fleet according to vessel size (2009)

8 VESSEL MONITORING SYSTEM Communication satellites GPS satellites Base station (LES) Patrol aircraft Mobile Unit Coast Guard Tracked vessel Foreign Control Center International Organizations Shipowners Industryy Research & Development

9 FISH FARM MONITORNG SYSTEM

10 FISHERIES PRODUCTION IN 2010 (653,080 mt)

11 CONTRIBUTION OF AQUACULTURE IN FISHERIES IN 2010 Volume Value

12 AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION BY SUB-SECTORS IN 2010 Inland Aquaculture Trout Carp Marine Aquaculture Trout Sea bream Sea bass Mussels Other mt mt TOTAL mt

13 AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION BY SPECIESS IN 2010

14 FISH FARM NUMBERS AND CAPACITIES IN 2010 Farm type Number Capacity (tons/year) Inland fish farms Marine fish farms TOTAL

15 AQUACULTURE GROWTH TREND IN THE PAST DECADE (mt)

16 AQUACULTURE TRADE IN THE PAST DECADE (mt)

17 AQUACULTURE TRADE IN THE PAST DECADE (000 $)

18 NGO s Aquaculture Association (1) Fish Farmer Association (1) Fish Promotion Association (1) Fisheries Foundation Producer Organizations (16) Central Producer Organization (1)

19 PRIORITIES Implementation of environmentally sustainable aquaculture practice ce Implementation of coastal zone management Environmental monitoring of fish farms Increase diversity in species for aquaculture and restocking Improve market channels Developing of organic aquaculture Conservation of endangered species Improve the international cooperation

20 PROJECTS Determination of Environmental Impacts of Fish Farm to the Marine Ecosystem funded by Turkish Scientific Council (TUBITAK) which was done Flatfish Culture Project in Turkey funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Sustainable Development of the Aquaculture Sector from Post Harvest Perspective with Focus on Quality, Traceability and Safety (FAO-EUROFISHRegional Regional TCP/RER/3310(D)) Developing a Roadmap for Turkish Marine Aquaculture Site Selection and Zoning Using an Ecosystem Approach to Management (FAO TCP/TUR/3101) Recovery of Sturgeon Population in Turkey: Habitat Assessment and Restocking (FAO TCP/TUR/3202 (D)) GFCM-CAQ WGSA Project on Indicators for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture and Guidelines for their use in the Mediterranean Pilot Actions Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Programme for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development (FishDev) Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission (CACFISH)

21 ACTIVITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Effective participation of international organisations and activities ities FAO OECD ICCAT EIFAC JICA EUROFISH GFCM Carrying out projects as a national, regional and international level Allocating new zones for aquaculture Mugla Izmir Aydın Mersin Putting in force new legislations/measures and updating the current ones National Marine Aquaculture Development Plan (NMADP) Aquaculture Legislation was amended and aligned with EU regulations including fish welfare in 2009 Notifications related site selection and monitoring for fish farms were put into effect 2007 and 2009 respectively.

22 FUTURE AIMS Production ton ton Export million US $ billion US $ Consumption kg (SPO target)

23 CONCLUSIONS Aquaculture is most growing food production sector in the World and Turkey in the past decade. Turkey has great potential for aquaculture developments with inland and marine resources. Total fisheries production in was ,080 mt and contribution of aquaculture was 26% 2 % as a volume, and 52% as a value in total fisheries production. There are fish farms in with 313,7,799 mt per year including 1,587 inland fish farms and 3483 marine fish farms in Turkey.

24 CONCLUSIONS (Cont.) Although it is very young, there have been showed very important improvements in aquaculture sector: In , 0, the increase on aquaculture production, as a volume was 149%. Turkey now has a 25 % share of the European sea bream and sea bass market. Turkey is the 3rd fastest growing country in the World in the aquaculture. Turkey has occupied first place in trout production among European countries. Approximately people are employed in the sector. Latest developments in the aquaculture sector place Turkey in an important position both in the Mediterranean basin and among the European countries.

25 Trout farm

26 Trout farm

27 Trout processing factory

28 Land based sea bass and bream

29 First sea farm in Turkey (1985)

30 Inshore sea farming (sea bass & sea bream)

31 Hatchery (sea bass & sea bream)

32 Vaccination (sea bass & sea bream)

33 Offshore sea farming (sea bass & sea bream) Cage farming (sea bass & sea bream)

34 Offshore sea farming (sea bass & sea bream)

35 Barge system in offshore sea farm

36 Feeding in offshore sea farm

37 Management and monitoring of offshore sea farm

38 Tuna farm

39 THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTIONS

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