THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013"

Transcription

1 THE HUMN SKELETON 29 MY 2013 Lesson escription In this lesson we: iscuss important terminology Look at the axial skeleton & the appendicular skeleton iscuss the functions of the skeleton Work through a revision question Key oncepts Terminology appendicular skeleton exoskeleton thorax axial skeleton ligament sternum cranium tendon vertebral column chitin pectoral girdle vertebrae endoskeleton pelvic girdle The Structure of the Human Skeleton Humans are vertebrates and contain an endoskeleton. The human skeleton consists of 206 bones. The largest bone is the thigh bone called the femur, and the smallest is the stirrup of the middle ear. Most mammals move on four legs. Humans are bipedal, which means that they stand upright in two legs and use only their legs for locomotion. This frees their arms and hands, which can be used to do other things. The endoskeleton of humans consists of two parts: The axial skeleton is the main, longitudinal part of the skeleton. It consists of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage. The appendicular skeleton refers to the parts of the skeleton that are attached to the axial skeleton. It includes the pectoral girdle, the pelvic girdle, and the bones of the arms and legs The xial Skeleton The axial skeleton is the main, longitudinal part of the skeleton. It consists of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage. The Skull The skull is that part of the skeleton that forms your head. The skull consists of two parts, a brain box called the cranium and the facial parts. The cranium consists of flat bones that fit together with zigzag joints called sutures. The facial parts consist of the nasal bones, eye socket, upper jaw and lower jaw.

2 The facial parts are joined to the cranium by: Sutures in the front of the skull The cheekbone on each side of the skull. Underneath the skull is a hole known as the foramen magnum through which the spinal cord passes. In humans and animals that are bipedal, the skull is positioned on the top of the vertical spinal column. In four legged mammals that walk on all four limbs, the foramen magnum is behind the skull as the spinal column leaves the back of the skull and is horizontal. The skull has two jaw bones. The upper jaw bone (maxilla) cannot move because it is fixed to the skull. The lower jaw (mandible) is joined to the skull near the ear. The lower jaw can move up and down and sideways. oth the upper jaw and lower jaws have teeth. The roof of the mouth is called the palate. It separates the mouth from the nasal passages above it. This allows us to breathe while we are chewing our food. In grade 12 you will study the human evolution and find out how the facial bones, cranium, foramen magnum, palate and jaws have changed as humans have evolved. The different types of teeth in Mammals: ll mammals have two sets of teeth during their lifetime: a temporary milk set and a permanent set. Humans have 20 milk set of teeth and 32 permanent teeth. The teeth are symmetrically arranged in both the upper and lower jaws. hewing is the main purpose of teeth in humans and there are four types, each of which has its own function. Incisors - cut food into small pieces anines help to hold and tear or bite food Premolars and molars compress and grind food into fine particles The Vertebral olumn The vertebral column is also commonly called the spinal column or the backbone. The irregular bones are called the vertebrae and there are 33. They are connected so that a flexible, curved structure is formed. The vertebral column goes from the skull to the pelvis and forms the central axis of the body. It surrounds and protects the delicate spinal cord, which runs through its central cavity. It is also a point of attachment for the ribs, the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle.

3 The Rib age: Twelve pairs of ribs, the sternum (breastbone) and the thoracic vertebrae form the bony rib cage known as the thorax or chest.

4 The ppendicular Skeleton The word appendicular means connected to. The appendicular skeleton refers to the parts of the skeleton that are attached to the axial skeleton. It includes the pectoral girdle, the pelvic girdle, and the bones of the arms and legs. The Pectoral Girdle The bones in the pectoral (shoulder) girdle connect the bones of the arm to the forearm, the wrist and the hands to the axial skeleton of the thorax. The Pelvic Girdle The pelvic (hip) girdle connects the bones of the leg, the ankle and the foot to the axial skeleton of the pelvis.

5 The Functions of the Human Skeleton The general functions of the human skeleton are: Movement with the muscles, it is important for movement(locomotion) Protection it provides delicate or sensitive parts of the body(e.g. the skull protects the brain and the ribs protect the heart and lungs) Support it gives the body support, strength and shape Storage it stores minerals salts Hearing it helps in hearing, through the smallest bones in the ear, the ossicles Formation it is the site for the formation of red blood corpuscles. Questions Question 1 hoose the correct answer and write the correct letter corresponding to the correct answer in the table below (failure to do so will result in you losing marks): Question Number: Total 4 x 2 = [8] nswer 1.1 The bones of the hand are called the: phalanges. metacarpals. carpals. tarsals. 1.2 Which of the following joins bone to bone? tendons. ligaments. cartilage. muscle. 1.3 The tough membrane surrounding every muscle is called the: epimysium. perimysium. sarcomere. myofibril.

6 1.4 The disease that causes the cartilage to wear away at the joints and resulted in Mr Lambson having a hip replacement is called: osteoporosis. rheumatoid arthritis. old age osteoarthritis. Question 2 Write down the correct biological term for the following descriptions in the spaces provided. Number escription iological Term a.) skeleton made up of a fluid filled cavity. b.) The skeleton that consists of two girdles and their associated limbs. c.) disease caused by a lack of vitamin. d.) The vertebrae found in the upper back. e.) The head of the long bone. f.) The type of joint that is unable to move. g.) h.) The end of the muscle that is attached to the part that can move. medical doctor who specialises in injuries of the skeleton. 8 1 = [8] Question 3 a.) In the space below draw a table that compares the advantages of an exoskeleton and an endoskeleton. You need to give two advantages of each skeleton. (6) b.) Give a heading for your table: (2) [8]

7 Question 4 Study the diagram of the human skeleton below and answer the questions that follow: a.) Provide labels for the following bones: 2: 4: 8: 10: 17: b.) Give the numbers of three bones that are part of the axial skeleton. (3) c.) Give the number and name of the calf bone. (2) d.) What evidence from the diagram above would you use to explain why the skeleton above is of a male? (3) [13] Links (5) Magnification simulation nimal / Plant ell: 3 animation of a cell: Reference List 1. Via frika Life Sciences; Grade 10 Learner s ook; M. owie,. Johannes, R. Mhlongo, E. Pretorius. 2. Shuters Top lass Life Sciences Grade 10 Learners ook; P. yerst, R. Langely, P. Majozi,. Metherell,. Smith. 3. Spot On, Life Sciences Learners ook, awson, P Holm, G Jackson; H Skinner 4. Oxford Successful Life Sciences Learner s ook, W. ezuidenhout, lark, S opley, rew, R Engelbrecht; J Goliath

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT UNIT - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Chapter 18 LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT Movement is an important feature of living organism. Both the microbes and macrobes show wide range of movements. The movements results in change

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F.1.2.1 The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions

More information

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS i A Wealth of Information. A World of Ideas. Instructor s Guide The Human Body: How It Works Introduction This program is part of the nine-part series The Human Body: How It Works. The series uses physiologic

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology Lecture 1 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON Skeletal System forms the framework of the body. TYPES OF BONES: FOUR PRINCIPAL

More information

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4

Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4 Unit 2 The skeletal system In this unit Bones of the human skeleton: medical and common names Plural nouns of Latin origin Describing bones Adjectives describing anatomical position Bone structure Osteoporosis

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8)

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Primary Sources for figures and content:

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8 I. axial vs appendicular axial skeleton forms long axis of body: skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular - bones of upper and lower limbs including girdles that attach limbs to axial skeleton II.

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

Anatomy of Skeletal System

Anatomy of Skeletal System Anatomy of Skeletal System two main subdivisions of skeletal system: axial : skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular: arms and legs and girdles Bone Markings: Foramen: opening in bone passageway

More information

Avian Skeletal Morphology

Avian Skeletal Morphology Avian Skeletal Morphology To Know Skull/Face Trunk and Limbs Cranium Vertebral ribs Occipital Sternal ribs Parietal Uncinate processes Frontal Sternum and keel Squamosal Pectoral Girdle Jugal (zygomatic

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired)

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired) Objectives AXIAL SKELETON SKULL 1. On a skull or diagram, identify and name the bones of the skull 2. Identify the structure and function of the bones of the skull 3. Describe how a fetal skull differs

More information

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V CLOSED CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1994 Grade Levels: 5-10 20 minutes DESCRIPTION A strong, healthy body moves freely and rapidly in its daily activities,

More information

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs point away from body Right, left, front, back, top, bottom are the subject s (cadaver s) P.O.V. NOT

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4) Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) neck region Thoracic vert. (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity Lumbar vert. (5) Supports the lower back Sacral vert. (5) Fused, immovable Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

More information

The Skeletal System. "Support System"

The Skeletal System. Support System The Skeletal System "Support System" Types of skeletal systems in the animal Kingdom 1-Hydrostatic skeleton: as in flatworms and annelids, where the fluid found in their ceolom acts as a skeletal system

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND The Skeletal System is made up of the bones of the body and the joints between the bones, as well as certain connective tissue (cartilage and ligaments.) This lesson

More information

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES LIFE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN ORGANISMS WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing large and small organisms. LAB: Classifying and investigating large organisms.

More information

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function

7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function 7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function For the next two chapters (7 and 9) we will study the skeletal system. Although the major feature of this system is the bones, the skeletal system also consists

More information

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Laerdal Texas P.O. Box 38.226 EM. 116 Gatesville,Texas U.S.A.76528 U.S.A.1-800-433-5539 IntemationaI1-254-865-7221 24 Hour Fax 254-865-8011 ~ Laerdal' TABLE OF CONTENTS

More information

Skeletal System. Chapter 5

Skeletal System. Chapter 5 Skeletal System Chapter 5 Components of the Skeletal System Skeleton subdivided Axial Skeleton-longitudinal axis of body Appendicular Skeletonlimbs and girdles Skeletal System includes Joints 3 types Cartilages

More information

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural

To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural 36 1 The Skeletal System To retain their shapes, all organisms need some type of structural support. Unicellular organisms have a cytoskeleton that provides structural support. In multicellular animals,

More information

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

its lifetime. The skeletal system is divided into: 1. Axial Division: bones of the body s axis (skulll, ribs, vertebrae)

its lifetime. The skeletal system is divided into: 1. Axial Division: bones of the body s axis (skulll, ribs, vertebrae) The Axial Skeleton The basic features of the human skeleton have been shaped by evolution, but the detailed characteristics of each bone reflect the stresses put on it. As a result, the skeleton changes

More information

Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I

Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I Fall 2016 Biology 141 Anatomy and Physiology I COURSE OUTLINE Faculty Name: Enter Faculty Name Here Program Head: Enter Program Head Here Dean s Review: Dean s Signature: Date Reviewed: / / Revised: Fall

More information

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones in the head and trunk of the human body. In this lab you will look at the vertebral column, just one part of that

More information

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions

Unit 3L.4: Body Parts and Functions Unit 3L.4: Organs in the Human body Keeping Healthy The Skeleton Science skills: Classification Observing Making models Data collection By the end of this unit you should: Compare the structure of humans

More information

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Human Anatomy & Physiology PowerPoint Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College Ninth Edition Human Anatomy & Physiology C H A P T E R 7 The Skeleton: Part B Annie Leibovitz/Contact Press Images Vertebral

More information

Thoracic Spine Anatomy

Thoracic Spine Anatomy A Patient s Guide to Thoracic Spine Anatomy 228 West Main, Suite C Missoula, MT 59802 Phone: info@spineuniversity.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled from a variety of sources.

More information

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body Objectives Axial Skeleton 2 Vertebral Column and Thorax 1. Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular 2. Explain how the spine supports the body. 3. Explain the changes on vertebrae

More information

o Understand the anatomy of the covered areas. This includes bony, muscular and ligamentous anatomy.

o Understand the anatomy of the covered areas. This includes bony, muscular and ligamentous anatomy. COURSE TITLE Kin 505 Activities, Injuries Disease in the Larger Society On-Line offering Instructor Dr. John Miller John.Miller@unh.edu Course Description. Sports and exercise are a part of American society

More information

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Overview of the Skeleton Locate the important cartilages in the human skeleton

More information

Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions

Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions Goals: Define the anatomical position, including the application of the terms right and left. List and correctly use the major directional terms used in anatomy.

More information

Lumbar Spine Anatomy. eorthopod.com 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod.

Lumbar Spine Anatomy. eorthopod.com 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod. A Patient s Guide to Lumbar Spine Anatomy 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled

More information

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions.

Part 1: Introduction Tell the name of your organ system and describe the major functions. Team Members: System: Your team s job is prepare a presentation to educate your classmates about one of the body systems that makes up the human body. Your presentation must include the following requirements:

More information

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) Introduction Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) is a phenomenon that more commonly affects older males. It is associated

More information

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Skeletal System Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Functions Regions Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Primary & secondary curvatures There are three major functions of the vertebral column. First,

More information

North Bergen School District Benchmarks

North Bergen School District Benchmarks Grade: 10,11, and 12 Subject: Anatomy and Physiology First Marking Period Define anatomy and physiology, and describe various subspecialties of each discipline. Describe the five basic functions of living

More information

The Functions of the Skeletal System

The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46341 1 The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

67 The Human Skeleton

67 The Human Skeleton 67 The Human Skeleton Skull SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Life Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. Clavicle (collarbone) Scapula (shoulder blade) Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Femur Tibia Humerus Ulna Sternum (breastbone)

More information

CHAPTER 8: JOINTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. 4. Name the three types of fibrous joints and give an example of each.

CHAPTER 8: JOINTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. 4. Name the three types of fibrous joints and give an example of each. OBJECTIVES: 1. Define the term articulation. 2. Distinguish between the functional and structural classification of joints, and relate the terms that are essentially synonymous. 3. Compare and contrast

More information

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton BONES AND JOINTS The adult human skeleton usually consists of 206 bones which are connected by various joints. Muscles produce force which causes movement at these joints. These bones can be grouped in

More information

9/3/2013 JOINTS. Joints. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION:

9/3/2013 JOINTS. Joints. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS Joints A connection between 2 or more bones A pivot point for bony motion The features of the joint help determine The ROM freedom Functional potential of the joint Axial

More information

Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7. Functions of skeletal system : support of body. production of blood cells

Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7. Functions of skeletal system : support of body. production of blood cells Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7 Functions of skeletal system : support of body protection of soft organs production of blood cells movement (as levers) storage of minerals and

More information

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION FIG. 12.1 1. Articular cartilage (hyaline cartilage) 6. Periosteum 2. Spongy bone (red marrow) 7. Proximal epiphysis 3. Medullary cavity 8. Diaphysis

More information

The Search for the Missing Bones

The Search for the Missing Bones The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #2 The Search for the Missing Bones Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s)

More information

Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology

Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 1 -Human Organization What do you need to do to pass this class? MEMORIZE! The Scope of Human Anatomy Human anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body.

More information

Articulations - where two bones interconnect.

Articulations - where two bones interconnect. Articulations Articulations - where two bones interconnect. Immovable joints Synarthroses, or fibrous Example: Sutures of skull Slightly moveable joints Amphiarthroses, or cartilaginous Example: Symphysis

More information

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings Understandings Questions Knowledge Vocabulary Skills Bones provide invaluable structure and support for the body. There are a variety of bone shapes. Joints connect bones. The skeletal system is divided

More information

Activity: Can You Identify the Age?

Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Skeletons are good age markers because teeth and bones mature at fairly predictable rates. How Teeth Reveal Age For toddler to age 21, teeth are the most accurate age

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES 4.01 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM A. Support 1. Provides a framework for the body. 2. Supports soft tissue. 3. Serves as a point of attachment for ligaments,

More information

Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together.

Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together. Definition: A joint or articulation is a place in the body where two bones come together. CLASSES OF JOINTS. 1. Joints are classified according to how the bones are held together. 2. The three types of

More information

Related KidsHealth Links

Related KidsHealth Links PreK to Grade 2 Human Body Series KidsHealth.org/classroom Teacher s Guide This guide includes: Standards Related Links Discussion Questions Activities for Students Reproducible Materials Standards This

More information

Extended Disability Income. Fixed cease age. Extended Disability Income. Whole Life UP TO 24 MONTHS. Pre-retirement.

Extended Disability Income. Fixed cease age. Extended Disability Income. Whole Life UP TO 24 MONTHS. Pre-retirement. For intermediaries Sanlam Risk Cover January 2015 Temporary Disability Income benefit (OIT3) Primary Income Protector benefits Waiting period Sickness Temporary Disability Income Including fixed payment

More information

Curriculum learning objectives: The human body will support the following national curriculum learning objectives at KS2.

Curriculum learning objectives: The human body will support the following national curriculum learning objectives at KS2. Page 1/14 Introduction: This set of activities is about understanding parts of the body and what they do. Part 1 is on the skeleton and muscles; it gets pupils to think about how a skeleton does the different

More information

Teacher Assessment Guide Human Body

Teacher Assessment Guide Human Body Teacher Assessment Guide Human Body Investigation 1: Bones Observe the movement of the body in the act of jumping Locate some of the major bones in their bodies Compare their own skeletons to posters and

More information

Accident Coverage Details

Accident Coverage Details Accident Coverage Details Choose Level 1 or Level 2 Benefits Accident Coverage provides 24-hour coverage or off-the-job coverage. Select the level of coverage that best meets your needs and budget. BENEFITS

More information

Request for Designated Doctor Examination Type (or print in black ink) each item on this form

Request for Designated Doctor Examination Type (or print in black ink) each item on this form Texas Department of Insurance Division of Workers Compensation 7551 Metro Center Drive, Suite 100 MS-603 Austin, TX 78744-1645 (512) 804-4380 phone (512) 804-4121 fax Complete, if known: DWC Claim # Carrier

More information

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide

Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide Lower Back Pain An Educational Guide A publication from the Center of Pain Medicine and Physiatric Rehabilitation 2002 Medical Parkway Ste 150 1630 Main St Ste 215 Annapolis, MD 21401 Chester, MD 21619

More information

The Pilates Studio of Los Angeles / PilatesCertificationOnline.com

The Pilates Studio of Los Angeles / PilatesCertificationOnline.com Anatomy Review Part I Anatomical Terminology and Review Questions (through pg. 80) Define the following: 1. Sagittal Plane 2. Frontal or Coronal Plane 3. Horizontal Plane 4. Superior 5. Inferior 6. Anterior

More information

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care

We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care PROTECT SAVE We understand you want coverage against minor accidental injuries. PRUfracture care Accidents can happen, at any time, and the injuries sustained, may be major or minor. Usually personal accident

More information

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS Joints A connection between 2 or more bones A pivot point for bony motion The features of the joint help determine The ROM Degrees of freedom Functional potential of the

More information

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability.

Muscles and Bones. Lesson aim. Lesson objectives. Lesson Outcomes. Curriculum links. Suggested age group suitability. Muscles and Bones Lesson aim To familiarise students with the function of the skeleton and how muscles attached to the skeleton allow us to move. Lesson objectives Students will be expected to: Work effectively

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)

More information

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information.

Contact your Doctor or Nurse for more information. A spinal cord injury is damage to your spinal cord that affects your movement, feeling, or the way your organs work. The injury can happen by cutting, stretching, or swelling of the spinal cord. Injury

More information

Systems of the Human Body

Systems of the Human Body . s^^-^^. 0^^- B «*-^.^^^--"'- s»'"-^w.^*"' Systems of the Human Body The body is made up of an amazing group of systems. The systems of the body all work together and need each other to keep the body

More information

8/25/2014 JOINTS. The Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION:

8/25/2014 JOINTS. The Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: JOINTS The Skeletal System Made up of the numerous bones of the human body Gives support and framework to the body Protects vital organs Manufactures blood cells Storage of calcium

More information

Exploring Creation with Advanced Biology ~ Schedule for 2015-2016 Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Date:

Exploring Creation with Advanced Biology ~ Schedule for 2015-2016 Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Date: Apologia ~ Exploring Creation with Biology ~ Module 1 (Week 1) Mon., Aug. 31 Tue., Sep. 1 Wed., Sept. 2 Thurs., Sept. 3 Fri., Sept. 4 Reading Pgs. 1-4; Introduction, Heart of the matter, Pgs. 5-8; Organization

More information

Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit

Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit Insured : A person who opens Super Senior Time Deposit Account (30 months) with KBANK Age of Insured : People in general,

More information

www.roylco.com EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton

www.roylco.com EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton EDUCATION SUPPLY ACTIVITY www.roylco.com Canada: 30 Northland Road, Waterloo, Ontario, N2V 1Y1 USA: PO Box 13409 Anderson, SC 29624 No. 60558 Newspaper Skeleton Teach students about human bone structure

More information

Republic Polytechnic. Continuing Education & Training. Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology

Republic Polytechnic. Continuing Education & Training. Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology Republic Polytechnic Continuing Education & Training Course Structure: Anatomy & Physiology Module Anatomy and Physiology Description This module introduces the basic human anatomical organization, tissue

More information

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. NURS1004 Week 6 Part I Prepared by Didy Button Skeletal system An Introduction to the Skeletal System The Skeletal System Includes: Bones of the skeleton Cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues 6-1

More information

Y O U R S U R G E O N S. choice of. implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y

Y O U R S U R G E O N S. choice of. implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Y O U R S U R G E O N S choice of implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Y O U R S U R G E O N S choice of implants F O R Y O U R S U R G E R Y Your Surgeon Has Chosen the C 2 a-taper Acetabular System The

More information

Introduction to Dental Anatomy

Introduction to Dental Anatomy Introduction to Dental Anatomy Vickie P. Overman, RDH, MEd Continuing Education Units: N/A This continuing education course is intended for dental students and dental hygiene students. Maintaining the

More information

Anatomy of the Spine. Figure 1. (left) The spine has three natural curves that form an S-shape; strong muscles keep our spine in alignment.

Anatomy of the Spine. Figure 1. (left) The spine has three natural curves that form an S-shape; strong muscles keep our spine in alignment. 1 2 Anatomy of the Spine Overview The spine is made of 33 individual bony vertebrae stacked one on top of the other. This spinal column provides the main support for your body, allowing you to stand upright,

More information

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date:

Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Student Guide The Morphology and Function of Tissue Types Name: Date: Introduction: Histology is often a very difficult topic for students. You are expected to understand the morphology and function of

More information

Vertebrate Characteristics

Vertebrate Characteristics Vertebrate Characteristics Classification of Vertebrates!! a. Phylum: Chordata!!!Common Characteristics: "!notochord, pharyngeal gill slits, hollow dorsal nerve cord! b.!sub-phylum: Vertebrata!!!Common

More information

BIO 113 LAB 1. Anatomical Terminology, Positions, Planes, and Sections and more

BIO 113 LAB 1. Anatomical Terminology, Positions, Planes, and Sections and more BIO 113 LAB 1. Anatomical Terminology, Positions, Planes, and Sections and more Objectives Describe the anatomical position verbally or by demonstrating it Demonstrate ability to use anatomical terms describing

More information

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals CLASS TEST GRADE 11 LIFE SCIENCES: CHAPTERS 1 AND 2 Test 1: Support in plants and animals MARKS: 45 TIME: 1 hour INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. Answer ALL the questions. 2. Number the answers correctly

More information

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1

II. Third Grade, Human Body 2004 Colorado Summer Writing Institute 1 HUMAN BODY Grade Level or Special Area: Third Grade Written by: Vicki Menefee, Louisville Elementary School, Louisville, CO Length of Unit: Seven lessons (seven days, one day = 45 minutes) not including

More information

Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson

Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue JEOPARDY!! With your host Mrs. Colson Classification & Function Bone Structure Bone Development Remodeling & Repair RANDOM! 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 30

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton:

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton: THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Introduction: The skeleton is the body s structural framework and is composed of two of the supportive tissues studied earlier; bone and cartilage. The main functions of the skeleton

More information

Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care

Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care Unit 32: Mobility and Exercise for Health and Social Care Unit code: QCF Level 3: Credit value: 10 Guided learning hours: 60 Aim and purpose R/600/8987 BTEC National This unit aims to enable learners to

More information

ACTIVITY MAKING A CLADOGRAM

ACTIVITY MAKING A CLADOGRAM SCREEN 1 ACTIVITY MAKING A CLADOGRAM HOW DOES COMPARATIVE ANATOMY SHED LIGHT ON RELATIONSHIPS AND EVOLUTION? For each animal below, if you think that animal has a particular set of traits, find that set

More information

Locating Common Bones*

Locating Common Bones* 4H1656 4ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ACTIVITY Locating Common Bones* Skill Level: 4Beginner to advanced Life Skills: 4Communication, critical thinking, decision-making and teamwork Setting: 4Room with chairs arranged

More information