FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES"

Transcription

1 FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES Forensic Anthropology = the examinations of human skeletal remains for law enforcement agencies to determine the identity of unidentified bones. Questions asked: 1. Are the bones human? 2. What are the biological characteristics of the individual? (size, age,sex, and race). 3. How long has the person been dead? 4. What is the cause and manner of death? The human body has 206 bones. In the average male, they weigh 12 lbs; in the average female, 10 lbs. Is it human? Determining the species of a bone is challenging. The front paw bones of a bear are very similar to those of a human hand, and shell fragments from some turtles can be mistaken for skull fragments. Ribs from sheep and deer resemble human ribs. Infant bones are much smaller and easier to confuse with bones of small animals, including the teeth. What can we determine from bones? Informative features about the age, sex, race, and stature of individuals based on bones is based on biological differences between sexes and races (males are generally taller and more robust) as well as differences due to ancestry (certain skeletal features of the skull)

2 However, it is imprecise because so much human variation exists and because racial differences tend to homogenize as populations interbreed Still differences do exist and the more features you survey, the more precise your conclusions will be A. AGE: Teeth and bones- Teeth and bones in children and adolescents follow a predictable growth and maturation pattern. By assessing the stage of this development, a fairly narrow age range can be determined. Later in life, changes occur at much slower rates, thus leading to age assessments across much wider ranges. Best for ages 0-5 since baby teeth are lost and adult teeth erupt in predictable patterns. Babies have 20 teeth; Adults have 32 permanent teeth (appearance of permanent teeth is complete about age 12. Wisdom teeth typically erupt by age 18. (see handout on use of teeth for age determination)

3 Long bones of the legs and arms: Best for ages 6-25 years. The epiphyseal fusion (fusion of bone ends to bone shaft) is usually complete by age 25. (see handouts on epiphyseal fusion) A B A lines/layers clear on person not out of puberty B no visible lines when a person reaches adulthood Pelvis: The symphysis (thin band of cartilage that attaches your pelvis to your spinal column) has a zigzag shape when you are young but straightens as you age, stopping around 50 years.

4 Ribs: Areas where ribs join the sternum are smooth and rounded when young, but become pitted and sharp with age. Best used up to 30 years, then ok until age 70. Bone density: Our bones lose calcium as we age, so x-rays can reveal the density and may help with age determination. Signs of wearing and injury are also helpful. (see handout of signs of wearing and antemortem injury). B. GENDER: Sex determination is more difficult in babies and children than adults since changes in skeleton don t appear until puberty. In general the diameters of the heads of the humerus, the radius, and the femur are larger in males. The maximum length of the humerus in an adult female is 305.9mm and 339.0mm in males. The pelvis is the best bone for sex determination. The males is designed only for support and movement, while the female pelvis is adapted for childbirth. Females have a wider subpubic angle; a wider sciatic (greater than 90 degrees); and a broad pelvic inlet. Crests and ridges are more pronounced in males; the chin is more square; the mastoid process is wide and robust; and the forehead slopes more.

5 RACE: Determining race is extremely difficult, if not impossible, because no single skeletal trait is racially distinct. Also, it is imprecise because so much human variation exists. (Mixed racial ancestry is common). The only three groups to which a given skeleton can be assigned are Caucasoid (European); Negroid (African and West Indian); and Mongoloid (Asian/Native American). Sometimes you can see difference in shapes of eye orbits: Angular=Caucasian, Rectangular=African, and Round=Asian.(see handouts). The nasal index is the ratio of the width to the height of the nose, multiplied by 100. It is for Asian/Native American; <.48 for Causasian; and >.53 for Africa The nasal spine (the ridge below the nose, above the incisors) is another determining factor of race: Asians=somewhat prominent spine; Caucasian=prominent spine; and African=very small spine.

6 - Nasal silling (sharp ridges at the base of the nasal cavity, on either side of the nasal spine) or nasal guttering (no ridges at all): Asians= rounded ridge; Caucasian=sharp ridge(silling); African= no ridge(guttering). Prognathism (extended lower jaw): Asians=variable; Caucasians=straight; African=progathic. Shape of eye orbits: Asians=rounded; Caucasians=rounded somewhat square; Africans=rectangular or square. White Asian African

7

8 STATURE (height at time of death): Remember a complete skeleton is often not available for Forensic Anthropologists, they formulas were made to be able to figure out stature from three long bones: o Length of femur X cm = height o Length of tibia X cm = height o Length of fibula X cm = height What a Forensic Anthropologist Does: Goes to a crime scene to assist in the collection of human bones Cleans up bones so they can be looked at Analyzes skeletal remains to establish the profile of the individual Looks at trauma evident on the bones to establish the pathway of a bullet or number of stab wounds Works with a forensic odontologist to match dental records Testifies in court about the identity of the individual and /or the injuries that might be evident in the skeleton.

Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom

Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom Who are you: Strategies for Presenting Forensic Anthropology and Human Variation in the Classroom K. Lindsay Eaves-Johnson, M.A., University of Iowa Nancy Tatarek, Ph.D., Ohio University Philadelphia,

More information

Activity: Can You Identify the Age?

Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Activity: Can You Identify the Age? Skeletons are good age markers because teeth and bones mature at fairly predictable rates. How Teeth Reveal Age For toddler to age 21, teeth are the most accurate age

More information

Problem: CSI: The Experience - Educator s Guide

Problem: CSI: The Experience - Educator s Guide Problem: At a nearby construction zone, workers have made a startling discovery. They uncovered several bones that look like they were buried some time ago. You are part of a team of forensic anthropologists

More information

Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science

Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science Forensic Anthropology Forensic Science A Closer Look At Bones Science Unit Years 9/10 Forensic Science Unit: Forensic Anthropology Years 9/10 6-8 weeks Forensic anthropology is about obtaining evidence

More information

Human, Male, White. Bone Clones Osteological Evaluation Report. Product Number: 1 intact mandible. General observations:

Human, Male, White. Bone Clones Osteological Evaluation Report. Product Number: 1 intact mandible. General observations: Human, Male, White Product Number: Specimen Evaluated: Skeletal Inventory: BC-107 Bone Clones replica 1 intact cranium 1 intact mandible General observations: In general, the molding process has preserved

More information

Forensic Anthropology. Introduction

Forensic Anthropology. Introduction Forensic Anthropology Introduction Introduction This course is Biological Anthropology We have covered many themes Primates Evolution Paleoanthropology Genetics Disease Life Cycle Variation Forensics We

More information

Forensic Anthropology Introduction. Human Biology/Forensics B.M.C. Durfee High School

Forensic Anthropology Introduction. Human Biology/Forensics B.M.C. Durfee High School Forensic Anthropology Introduction Human Biology/Forensics B.M.C. Durfee High School Objectives Describe Forensic Anthropology Describe the history of Forensic Anthropology Identify the three fields of

More information

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Grade Level: Middle and High School Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to give students the opportunity to explore the field of forensic anthropology, the science used to investigate the Lassen/Clapper

More information

Forensic Science Final Review Guide. Name Date Period HW# Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8,part of 11, 13, 15

Forensic Science Final Review Guide. Name Date Period HW# Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8,part of 11, 13, 15 Forensic Science Final Review Guide Name Date Period HW# Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8,part of 11, 13, 15 Review the vocabulary found on the first page of each chapter. Chapter 1 1. Define forensic science:

More information

Anthropology 209: Forensic Anthropology Fall 2012

Anthropology 209: Forensic Anthropology Fall 2012 Anthropology 209: Forensic Anthropology Fall 2012 Instructor: Adam Van Arsdale Lecture: PNW 117, Tu/Fr 9:50-11:00 Lab: SC 314, W 10:00-12:00 (1 hour) Office: PNE 348 Office Hours: Tuesday: 11-12, Friday:

More information

RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES

RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES RP0807 - PERFORM SPLINTING TECHNIQUES TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE. 1. Without the aid of references, given a casualty and standard combat lifesaver medical equipment set, perform splinting techniques,

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION

FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION FORENSIC SCIENCE COURSE DESCRIPTION This course is an overview of how science is applied to solving crimes. Topics include history of forensic sciences, collecting of evidence, analyzing results and hands-on

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

Overarching Big Ideas, Enduring Understandings, and Essential Questions (These spiral throughout the entire curriculum.)

Overarching Big Ideas, Enduring Understandings, and Essential Questions (These spiral throughout the entire curriculum.) Course: Forensic Science Grade: 11-12 Designer(s): M. Dawson Overview of Course (Briefly describe what students should understand and be able to do as a result of engaging in this course): This semester

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F.1.2.1 The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions

More information

Columbus State Community College Social Sciences Department. Course and Number: ANTH 2235: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology

Columbus State Community College Social Sciences Department. Course and Number: ANTH 2235: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology Columbus State Community College Social Sciences Department Course and Number: ANTH 2235: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology CREDITS: 3 CLASS HOURS PER WEEK: 3 PREREQUISITES:ANTH 2200 or BIO 1161, or

More information

35 Forensic osteology

35 Forensic osteology 35 Forensic osteology by Christopher Alexander Briggs BSc, PhD Denise Donlon BSc, DipEd, BA(Hons), PhD Walter Barry Wood MBBS, BSc [Dr Wood wishes to acknowledge the drawing skills of his daughter Mrs

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

1. G ENERAL ASSESSMENT OF SCENE. LAB AND MORTUARY INVESTIGATIONS

1. G ENERAL ASSESSMENT OF SCENE. LAB AND MORTUARY INVESTIGATIONS FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY CURRICULUM 1. G ENERAL ASSESSMENT OF SCENE. LAB AND MORTUARY INVESTIGATIONS Candidates for examinations at FAI and II are expected to have knowledge and practical experience of working

More information

Examples of Math Applications in Forensic Investigations Anthony and Patricia Nolan Bertino Bertino Forensics

Examples of Math Applications in Forensic Investigations Anthony and Patricia Nolan Bertino Bertino Forensics Examples of Math Applications in Forensic Investigations Anthony and Patricia Nolan Bertino Bertino Forensics One of the many benefits of teaching forensics to high school students is that they walk through

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Forensic Anthropology Forensic Anthropology Barely 40 years old as a legitimate branch of forensic science. Years ago, anthropologists who studied the corpses and bone fragments of crime scene victims

More information

Mechanism of Injury 1

Mechanism of Injury 1 Mechanism of Injury 1 Objectives At the end of this lecture the participant will be able to: Describe the importance of the mechanism of injury in history taking of the trauma patient. Identify patterns

More information

ANTH 176: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY 4 credit hours

ANTH 176: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY 4 credit hours ANTH 176: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY 4 credit hours INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Felicia Madimenos (fmadimen@uoregon.edu) Welcome to Introduction to Forensic Anthropology! This course teaches the basic analysis

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

Hair & Fiber. (Unit 5)

Hair & Fiber. (Unit 5) 37 Hair & Fiber (Unit 5) Morphology of Hair Hair is encountered as physical evidence in a wide variety of crimes. A review of the forensic aspects of hair examination must start with the observation that

More information

Grading Scale: As stated in the Student Handbook, letter grades are determined based on the following scale:

Grading Scale: As stated in the Student Handbook, letter grades are determined based on the following scale: Instructor: Dr. Sara Fenske Course: Forensic Science Course Philosophy: This course is an introduction to Forensic Science,which emphasizes the process of science and includes topics in physics, chemistry

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Activity: Is There Evidence of Trauma in the Skeleton?

Activity: Is There Evidence of Trauma in the Skeleton? Activity: Is There Evidence of Trauma in the Skeleton? Injuries to bone can occur in life (antemortem), at or near the time of death (perimortem), or after death (postmortem) when all that remains of the

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

CURRICULUM GUIDE. When this Forensics course has been completed successfully, students should be able to:

CURRICULUM GUIDE. When this Forensics course has been completed successfully, students should be able to: CURRICULUM GUIDE NAME OF COURSE: FORENSICS COURSE NUMBER: SCI 40 WRITTEN / REVISED: SEPTEMBER, 2011 LEVEL OF COURSE: REPLACMENT NUMBER OF CREDITS: SIX (6) PREREQUISITES: BIOLOGY GRADE LEVELS OFFERED TO:

More information

Forensic Identification Watch it online http://www.kqed.org/quest/television/view/68 Story length 3:30 minutes

Forensic Identification Watch it online http://www.kqed.org/quest/television/view/68 Story length 3:30 minutes Forensic Identification Watch it online http://www./television/view/68 Story length 3:30 minutes QUEST SUBJECTS Life Earth Physical CA SCIENCE STANDARDS Biology Health Environment Geology Weather Astronomy

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

Introduction to Forensic Anthropology ASM 275, Section 6146, Glendale Community College, Spring 2008

Introduction to Forensic Anthropology ASM 275, Section 6146, Glendale Community College, Spring 2008 Introduction to Forensic Anthropology ASM 275, Section 6146, Glendale Community College, Spring 2008 Instructor: Dr. P. James Macaluso Email: paul.macaluso@gcmail.maricopa.edu Phone: 480-731-8866, Mailbox

More information

Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit

Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit Details of coverage for Personal Accident Insurance for Super Senior Time Deposit Insured : A person who opens Super Senior Time Deposit Account (30 months) with KBANK Age of Insured : People in general,

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule: A Guide for Law Enforcement

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule: A Guide for Law Enforcement EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule: A Guide for Law Enforcement The HIPAA Privacy Rule provides Federal privacy protections for individually identifiable

More information

Personal Identification: Theory and Applications

Personal Identification: Theory and Applications M01_STEA0735_02_SE_C01.QXD 9/19/08 12:59 PM Page 1 SECTION I Personal Identification: Theory and Applications The Case Study Approach In the summer of 1990, four male friends entered an abandoned farmhouse

More information

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8 I. axial vs appendicular axial skeleton forms long axis of body: skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular - bones of upper and lower limbs including girdles that attach limbs to axial skeleton II.

More information

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Laerdal Texas P.O. Box 38.226 EM. 116 Gatesville,Texas U.S.A.76528 U.S.A.1-800-433-5539 IntemationaI1-254-865-7221 24 Hour Fax 254-865-8011 ~ Laerdal' TABLE OF CONTENTS

More information

Chapter 11: The Origins and Evolution of Early Homo

Chapter 11: The Origins and Evolution of Early Homo Chapter 11: The Origins and Evolution of Early Homo 1. Homo habilis: The First Species of the Genus Homo a. The Path to Humanness: Bigger Brains, Tool Use, and Adaptive Flexibility i. First discovered

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Overview of the Skeleton Locate the important cartilages in the human skeleton

More information

The Human Skeleton. Bone and Bone Growth

The Human Skeleton. Bone and Bone Growth The Human Skeleton Bone and Bone Growth Bone is living tissue, and, as such, can grow and remodel during a person s lifetime. The three types of bone cells are the osteoblasts, which are responsible for

More information

Performance Traits in Beef Cattle:

Performance Traits in Beef Cattle: Performance Traits in Beef Cattle: Weighing Cows and Calves Performance test guidelines recommend calves be weighed when they are close to 205 days of age. The accepted age range is 160 to 250 days of

More information

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes

Surgical Art. Formulaic Drawing Method. DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes DRAWING WORKSHOP Learning to sketch for patient notes Surgical Art Formulaic Drawing Method Formulaic figure drawing systems involve using abstract rhythms and interlocking shapes to construct the human

More information

FETAL DEVELOPMENT FIRST TRIMESTER

FETAL DEVELOPMENT FIRST TRIMESTER FETAL DEVELOPMENT FIRST TRIMESTER IMPLANTATION Development begins on the day a woman s egg is fertilized by a sperm penetrating it. The fertilized egg or zygote immediately begins to divide into 2 cells,

More information

CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES

CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES CHS 06-07 BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES This chapter provides a review of bone and skeletal tissue. The human skeleton is composed primarily of two connective tissues: (1) cartilage and (2) bone. CHARACTERISTICS

More information

Video Activity 1: Kathy Reichs on Forensic Anthropology

Video Activity 1: Kathy Reichs on Forensic Anthropology M O D U L E 1 ANTHROPOLOGY Video Activity 1: Kathy Reichs on Forensic Anthropology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l101bvj0laa Speaking: Kathy Reichs, forensic anthropologist certified by the American

More information

The application of forensic archaeology, anthropology and ecology to crime scene investigation

The application of forensic archaeology, anthropology and ecology to crime scene investigation Accredited by The application of forensic archaeology, anthropology and ecology to crime scene investigation SPECIALIST TRAINING COURSES IDENTIFICATION INTERPRETATION INNOVATION Introduction Cellmark Forensic

More information

ABSTRACT. VM Phillips 1, TJ van Wyk Kotze 2

ABSTRACT. VM Phillips 1, TJ van Wyk Kotze 2 20 TESTING STANDARD METHODS OF DENTAL AGE ESTIMATION BY MOORREES, FANNING AND HUNT AND DEMIRJIAN, GOLDSTEIN AND TANNER ON THREE SOUTH AFRICAN CHILDREN SAMPLES VM Phillips 1, TJ van Wyk Kotze 2 1 Department

More information

GROUP III WORKING DOGS III-28. Siberian Husky

GROUP III WORKING DOGS III-28. Siberian Husky III-28 Siberian Husky Origin and Purpose The Siberian Husky was developed untold centuries ago by the Chukchis of Northern Siberia. The Chukchis, a nomadic people, utilized their dogs in many ways - companions

More information

Sexual Dimorphism in the Tooth-Crown Diameters of the Deciduous Teeth

Sexual Dimorphism in the Tooth-Crown Diameters of the Deciduous Teeth Sexual Dimorphism in the Tooth-Crown Diameters of the Deciduous Teeth THOMAS K. BLACK 111 Museum ofanthropology, The university of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 KEY WORDS Deciduous dentition criminant

More information

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System

Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Animal Systems: The Musculoskeletal System Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems The Digestive The Circulatory

More information

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY

KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY KINDERGARTEN HUMAN BIOLOGY 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES LIFE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN ORGANISMS WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing large and small organisms. LAB: Classifying and investigating large organisms.

More information

Orthopaedic Issues in Adults with CP: If I Knew Then, What I Know Now

Orthopaedic Issues in Adults with CP: If I Knew Then, What I Know Now Orthopaedic Issues in Adults with CP: If I Knew Then, What I Know Now Laura L. Tosi, MD Director, Bone Health Program Children s National Medical Center Washington, DC Epidemiology 87-93% of children born

More information

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired)

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired) Objectives AXIAL SKELETON SKULL 1. On a skull or diagram, identify and name the bones of the skull 2. Identify the structure and function of the bones of the skull 3. Describe how a fetal skull differs

More information

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4) Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) neck region Thoracic vert. (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity Lumbar vert. (5) Supports the lower back Sacral vert. (5) Fused, immovable Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

More information

Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 20 (2013) 27e39 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jflm Original

More information

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 1 Injury Facts 2010 Edition, National Safety Council. THIS IS NOT A POLICY

More information

Before or after? Evidence of an Attack. Evidence of Scavenging. Bears, wolves, cougars and coyotes can be scavengers as well as predators.

Before or after? Evidence of an Attack. Evidence of Scavenging. Bears, wolves, cougars and coyotes can be scavengers as well as predators. Before or after? Bears, wolves, cougars and coyotes can be scavengers as well as predators. Evidence of Scavenging There may be no blood on the ground around the carcass, or blood may have drained onto

More information

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER 05.12.2012 / EN FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE (AISBL) SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1 er B 6530 Thuin (Belgique) FCI-Standard N 345 JACK RUSSELL TERRIER SMOOTH COATED VARIETY BROKEN COATED

More information

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings

Brunswick School Department: Grades 11-12. Essential Understandings Understandings Questions Knowledge Vocabulary Skills Bones provide invaluable structure and support for the body. There are a variety of bone shapes. Joints connect bones. The skeletal system is divided

More information

COURSE SYLLABUS COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY Fall 2009

COURSE SYLLABUS COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY Fall 2009 SECTION I: COURSE IDENTIFICATION COURSE SYLLABUS COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY Fall 2009 COURSE TITLE: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY COURSE DESCRIPTION: Studies

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES 4.01 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM A. Support 1. Provides a framework for the body. 2. Supports soft tissue. 3. Serves as a point of attachment for ligaments,

More information

Role of Forensic Pathologists and Anthropologists Forensic Science

Role of Forensic Pathologists and Anthropologists Forensic Science Role of Forensic Pathologists and Anthropologists Forensic Science Definition: Pathologist vs. Forensic Pathologist Pathologist A physician who examines and analyzes tissue samples to identify irregularities

More information

CORE-INFO: Fractures in children

CORE-INFO: Fractures in children CORE-INFO: Fractures in children This leaflet summarises what is currently known about the relationship between fractures and physical abuse and will be of particular interest to paediatricians, general

More information

a guide to understanding fibrous dysplasia

a guide to understanding fibrous dysplasia a guide to understanding fibrous dysplasia a publication of children s craniofacial association a guide to understanding fibrous dysplasia this parent s guide to fibrous dysplasia is designed to answer

More information

International Journal of Biological & Medical Research

International Journal of Biological & Medical Research Int J Biol Med Res.2015;6(3):5072-5077 Int J Biol Med Res www.biomedscidirect.com Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2015 Contents lists available at BioMedSciDirect Publications International Journal of Biological

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

DNA Determines Your Appearance!

DNA Determines Your Appearance! DNA Determines Your Appearance! Summary DNA contains all the information needed to build your body. Did you know that your DNA determines things such as your eye color, hair color, height, and even the

More information

Perimeter, Circumference, Area and Ratio Long-Term Memory Review

Perimeter, Circumference, Area and Ratio Long-Term Memory Review Review 1 1. Which procedure is used to find the perimeter of any polygon? A) Add all the lengths B) Multiply length times width ( l w ) C) Add only one length and one width D) Multiply all of the lengths

More information

Client Sex Facility Birth Date Height Weight Measured Sample Client Male (not specified) 00/00/0000 72.0 in. 180.0 lbs. 02/20/2016

Client Sex Facility Birth Date Height Weight Measured Sample Client Male (not specified) 00/00/0000 72.0 in. 180.0 lbs. 02/20/2016 SUMMARY RESULTS This table provides an overview of your total body composition, broken down into total body fat %, total mass, fat tissue, lean tissue, and bone mineral content. These metrics establish

More information

Beef Cattle Frame Scores

Beef Cattle Frame Scores Beef Cattle Frame Scores AS-1091, May 1995 John Dhuyvetter, Area Livestock Specialist Frame scores are an objective, numerical description of cattle skeletal size which reflect the growth pattern and potential

More information

Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body. Erika Mills millser@mail.nih.gov

Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body. Erika Mills millser@mail.nih.gov Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body Erika Mills millser@mail.nih.gov Objectives To increase familiarity with current forensic science techniques and their historical precursors To put past and modern

More information

Accident Coverage Details

Accident Coverage Details Accident Coverage Details Choose Level 1 or Level 2 Benefits Accident Coverage provides 24-hour coverage or off-the-job coverage. Select the level of coverage that best meets your needs and budget. BENEFITS

More information

Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury.

Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury. Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury. SPORTS TRAVEL SCHOOL VACATION Group Accident Insurance Helps

More information

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Skeletal System Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Functions Regions Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Primary & secondary curvatures There are three major functions of the vertebral column. First,

More information

Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant

Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant Chapter 7 Physical Development of the Infant Mason is 10 months old. Although he is large for his age, his motor skills lag far behind those of other children his age. For example, Mason has trouble sitting

More information

Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury.

Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury. Are you protected from life s accidents? There are things that you or your family do outside of work that may lead to an accidental injury. SPORTS TRAVEL SCHOOL VACATION Benefit coverage for A Plus Benefits

More information

The Functions of the Skeletal System

The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46341 1 The Functions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Locating Common Bones*

Locating Common Bones* 4H1656 4ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ACTIVITY Locating Common Bones* Skill Level: 4Beginner to advanced Life Skills: 4Communication, critical thinking, decision-making and teamwork Setting: 4Room with chairs arranged

More information

COMMUNITY UNIT SCHOOL DISTRICT 200. Course Description

COMMUNITY UNIT SCHOOL DISTRICT 200. Course Description Forensic Science High School Elective Course Description Forensic Science is a one semester high school level course that satisfies a CUSD200 graduation requirement in the area of science. Successful completion

More information

Injury Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Compensation (Liability to Pay or Contribute to Cost. Amendment Regulations (No 2) 2004

Injury Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Compensation (Liability to Pay or Contribute to Cost. Amendment Regulations (No 2) 2004 Amendment Regulations (No 2) 2004 Pursuant to section 324 of the and Compensation Act 2001, Her Excellency the Governor General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council, makes

More information

Chapter Eight Bear Field Care

Chapter Eight Bear Field Care Chapter Eight Bear Field Care After the black bear is down, the work begins. If you would like to de-bone your bear meat, you do not need to gut the bear. Here I begin to bone out a front leg. Just proceed

More information

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP

solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 GROUP GROUP solutions Accidents happen an unintentional-injury death occurs every 4 minutes and a disabling injury every 1 second. 1 1 Injury Facts 2010 Edition, National Safety Council. GVAP1 GROUP ACCIDENT

More information

GRADE 8 LITERACY: FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY

GRADE 8 LITERACY: FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY GRADE 8 LITERACY: FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY UNIT OVERVIEW The Forensic Anthropology task is embedded in a 4-week curricular unit on informational texts in which students read four informational texts on the

More information

FCI-Standard N 105 / 29. 03. 2006 /GB FRENCH WATER DOG. (Barbet)

FCI-Standard N 105 / 29. 03. 2006 /GB FRENCH WATER DOG. (Barbet) FCI-Standard N 105 / 29. 03. 2006 /GB FRENCH WATER DOG (Barbet) 2 TRANSLATION : Jennifer Mulholland. ORIGIN : France DATE OF PUBLICATION OF ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 21.02.2006. UTILIZATION: Water dog

More information

Forensic Science Final Exam Review

Forensic Science Final Exam Review Forensic Science Final Exam Review Human Identity (Fingerprints, Forensic Anthropology, DNA) 1.Who developed the system known as anthropometry? Bertillion 2.Who postulated the exchange of evidence principle?

More information

(*) Awards for all burns include compensation for any residual scarring or pigmentation and take into account any skin grafting.

(*) Awards for all burns include compensation for any residual scarring or pigmentation and take into account any skin grafting. Table 1 Burns (*) Item Column (a) Level 1 4 2 5 3 6 4 6 5 7 6 8 7 9 8 11 9 12 10 12 11 13 12 14 13 15 Column (b) Injury Burns, with deep second degree, third degree, or full thickness burns affecting 70

More information

Child Abuse or Osteogenesis Imperfecta?

Child Abuse or Osteogenesis Imperfecta? Child Abuse or Osteogenesis Imperfecta? 804 W. Diamond Ave., Ste. 210 Gaithersburg, MD 20878 (800) 981-2663 (301) 947-0083 Fax: (301) 947-0456 Internet: www.oif.org Email: bonelink@oif.org The Osteogenesis

More information

TRAVELING FORENSIC EDUCATION PROGRAM 2012-2013

TRAVELING FORENSIC EDUCATION PROGRAM 2012-2013 TRAVELING FORENSIC EDUCATION PROGRAM 2012-2013 INDEX -Program Overview Page 3 -Forensics Lab Total Experience Page 4 -Crime to Courtroom Workshop Page 4 -Impressions Workshop Page 5 -Blood & DNA Workshop

More information

accident insurance with Expanded Benefits

accident insurance with Expanded Benefits BE WELL. BE SMART. BE PROTECTED. accident insurance with Expanded Benefits on- or off-the-job including a disability income benefit plus riders An accident can wreak havoc on your savings if you re not

More information